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Jl^axhaxh CoHese TUbtwcv 



One half the income from this Legacy, which was re- 
ceived in 1880 under the will of 

of Waltham, Massachusetts, is to be expended for books 
for the College Library. The other half of the income 
is devoted to scholarships in Harvard University for the 
benefit of descendants of 

who died at Watertown, Massachusetts, in 1686. In the 
absence of such descendants, other persons are eligible 
to the scholarships. The will requires that this announce- 
ment shall be made in every book added to the Library 
under its provisions. 









ilrutrittelf ta batl) feauKc* at parliament in Camnutill of %rr Matuttg. 





An<l to hn puwIuwihI, Pither diroctly or throuRh any Bookwll.-r, (rom 

EYRE Ann SP0TTI8W00DB. Kabt HAsnina Sthbkt. FlBEt Rtrkkt. E.C. a 

■12, ABiyanoN Stbeet, WssTxlyaTBR. S.W,-, ox 


no. West Xtlb Stsbbt, QLAsnoir; or 


[C— 7166.1 Price l.«. k/. 



,M\BD :.•,, 

■^H . . ^ , 


' JAN 5 1894 

( ~rrrr. c. 


Sir William Fitzherrert, Bart., of Tissington, Co. Derby I 

The Delaval Family, of Seaton Delaval, Northumberland 186 

The Earl of Ancaster . . - . . 203 

Genkral Lyttelton-Annesley - - - - 261 

E «m5i». Wt.62tJ2. a 2 


With the exception of the contemporary accounts of the Pretender's mss. of Snt w. 
march through Derbyshire, &c., in 1745, which are printed at the end of ^itzhbbbbbt. 
this report, the documents noticed in it were found at Tissington Hall 
as a separate collection in three portfolios, among a great quantity of 
correspondence of much later date. 

From the fact that the letters contained in these portfolios are all 
addressed to G. Treby, afterwards Chief Justice, and that the bulk of 
the other papers in them are connected with the Popish Plot, with 
which he was also connected as chairman of the Committee of Secrecy 
and in various oflicinl positions, it seems clear that these papers once 
belonged to him. It is not clear, however, how they came to Tissington. 
The only hint to be found upon the subject is a note (without name or 
date, but in the handwriting of Sir W. FitzHerbert who died in 1791) 
in one of the portfolios that the Mr. Marsh, whose letters and papers 
were found together with Treby's Manuscripts, was an attorney of 
eminence, and of an exceedingly fair character in London, who died 
about 1765-1770 near 80 years of age ; though he could not have been 
Justice Treby's clerk on account of the lapse of time, he may have been 
the clerk's son. This would bring down the date of the discovery of 
the papers to about the time when Sir W. FitzHerbert, grandfather of 
the present owner, was a barrister in London, and suggests the conclusion 
that we owe the preservation of this small portion of a once large and 
valuable collection of historical documents to him. 

It will be noticed that the papers deal with four distinct subjects. 
1. Letters from General Monck ; 2. Private correspondence addressed 
to Mr. Treby ; 3. The Popish Plot documents ; 4. The Rebellion 
in 1745. It has seemed therefore that it is better in this report to 
depart from the usual strict chronological order, and to take the papers 
according to the subject rather than according to their dates. 

In the first 20 letters of the tliird division we have an unusually curious 
and interesting set of documents, for they are evidently the original 
letters of the secret correspondence between the Courts of France and 
England in the latter part of the reign of Charles II. 

The only cyphers (as a rule) made use of in these letters were certain 
numbers in the place of names. The body of each letter seems to have 
been written in an ordinary baud, only with sympathetic ink, probably 
with lemon juice as is suggested by Coleman himself in a letter of his 
printed in the State Trials, which having once been brought to light is 
still legible, though oftentimes faint. Sometimes the whole of a letter 
has been written in this light brown ink ; sometimes the secret writing 
occura as a part only of a letter, of which the rest is written in common 
black ink, upon ordinary harmless topics ; sometimes it appears as 
interlineations throughout a letter written with common black ink. 

In order to bring out these characteristics as far as possible, these 
20 letters have been copied line by line, as in tiie originals, italics being 
used to represent the common writing in common black ink, the usual 
type being used to represent those portions which are written with the 
sympathetic ink. The interpretations of cypher numbers (sometimes in 

£ 64159. Wt. 10800. A 

K»s^OTfa«w. brackets, sometimes as interlineations) are given here as they are in 
iTzi^nzBz. ^jj^ originals. These are all written in black ink, and are the work, it 
would seem, of those who were employed to decipher and prepare the 
letters as evidence. In the same way, the underscoring of certain 
passages seems to be the work of these interpreters, and to be intended 
to mark passages of specially incriminating weight. None of these 
letters are signed, but it seems probable that some of them were written 
by Sir W. Throckmorton, and others by Mr. St. Germaine. 

The rest of the letters belonging to the correspondence of this con- 
spiracy are copies of other letters of the same natm'e as those noticed 
above. The words found upon many of them " translated by &c." 
evidently mean, in many cases at least, translated out of cypher or 
sympathetic ink, as in several instances both the originals a&d the tran* 
scripts are preserved. A careful comparison of these copies with the 
originals shows that the copies are quite accurate. 

In order still further to represent the nature of these papers a few 
notes have been added, and all editorial additions are in italics, enclosed 
within square brackets. 

Upon the whole, there would seem to be little doubt that all these 
papers are either a part of the actual letters, or formal copies of original 
letters, which were seized in the house of Mr. Coleman, secretary to the 
Duchess of York, and made use of for his prosecution. 

In the earlier portion of these notes mention has been made of the 
existence at Tissington Hall of a large quantity of other correspon- 
dence. The bulk of them are Lord St. Helen's correspondence between 
the years 1795-1835; it is not reported on because so much of it is of 
such recent date, though there is very much in it of great interest. 
Among his correspondents are King George IV., the Princess Elizabeth, 
the Princess of Orange, Mr. Canning, Lord Chesterfield, Lord Exeter, 
Sir Thomas Lawrence, Mr. Wilberforce, the Duke of Wellington, the 
Prince of Sweden, Madame de Stael, Lord Malmesbury, Mr. Gaily 
Knight. There aie also many letters between Gaily Knight and George 
Ellis when abroad in 1788, official correspondence with foreign ministers 
and with the ambassador at St. Petersburg in 1802, and correspondence 
with the British Museum, &c., <&c., <&c« 

Speech of the Lobd KKErER Coventry at the Star Chamber. 

1626, June 7. — Four closely written sides of foolscap of instructions 
to the Judges about to go on circuit. 

Besides the ordinary duties in court they are to see to the carrying 
out of the laws against Popish Recusants, and especially watch those in 
authority who are suspected of misleading others. The increase of 
Popery and backsliding in religion must be counteracted. The law of 
confinement at home of Recusants should be enforced. They flock in 
companies to their public meetings, especially in the northern parts, as 
to St. Winnifred's Well. Such things should be prevented. 

Mischief also arises from the non-attendance of Justices of the Peace 
at Assizes. It is disrespectful to the Judges ; and it deprives the 
Justices of the lessons they might learn as to their duties. This neglect 
tends to produce neglect at Quarter Sessions, and again in their several 

The number of Justices of the Peace has been diminished. The best 
men in the counties are to be chosen. This will make more efficiency. 

Disorders in ale houses is the greatest source of evil in the common- 
wealth. They ought to be few in number, and only in open streets, for 

the reception of poor IravelleM wliich are not able to lodge in inns. MSS. of Sir W. 
The Judgrs should agree upon some comnion course in this matter, '^iTz^raBBRx. 
and proceed against the alehouse keepers, and those of the Justices who 
wink at their proceedings. In this county there are 1000 ale houses in 
one Hundred. How many thousan'ls of wicke.l men must there bo 
who spend their time and estates to support all these ! 

Workhouses should be built, and stock prov ided for the poor. 

Bridges and Highways should be attended to. 

Lastly. It is now a time of war and his Majesty hears that there 
are many deserters. If any such are found and their offences do not 
merit death, they must be punished publickly and sent back to their 

Endorsed. " MSS. in Shorthand." 

A Copy of a Letter from an Oflicer of the Army in Ireland to bin High- 
ness the Lord Protector concerning his changing of the Government. 
\_Signed,'\ K. G. 

1654, June 24. Waterford. — A long letter of 25 closely written 
pages protesting against the present government which is nothing better 
than a monarchy bottomed by the sword and 30000 men. As things 
are now enormous sacrifices and sufferings have been incurred in pulling 
down a legal monarchy somewhat too tenacious of power^ with the 
result that the present government is yet more autocratic and arbitrary. 

The writer is in favour of a free and equal commonwealth. 

General G. Monck to Major Kalph Knight. 

1659, August 13. — **In pursuance of an order of the Councell of 
State dated the seaventh instant these are to authorize and require you to 
give orders to the oflScers comaudinsr the severall troopes of my owne 
Regiment of Horse to recruit to eighty in each troope (officers included) 
and to take care that such as you entertaiue bee well affected persons, 
well mounted and arm'd, and (as neare as you can) old soldiers, and this to 
bee done with as much speed as may bee. And the Deputy Commissaries 
of Musters are hereby required to passcsuch men as you shall entertain© 
by vertue of this order upon the must.ers as they shall appeare.'* 

The Samk to Colonel Knight. 

1659-60, January 3. Whittingham. — " 1 have received your letter and 
am glad you are gott gafe into Newcastle, wee shall be at Morpeth to 
morrow night and the next night att Newcastle. I shall desire you if 
you heare of my Lord Lambert's advancing towards Newcastle againe to 
give mee notice of itt, and send out some men for that purpose to dis- 
cover, which is all att present. 

Let me know whether the Lord Lambert's forces bee broken or not, 
or what other intelligence you have." 

The Same to the Same. 

1659-60, January 4. Morpeth. — ** I have received your letter, and 
am glad that Tinmouth Castle hath declared for the Parliament butt I 
"would have you deale with them, before I come, to march out of the 
Castle, and I shall appoint quarters for them in the country, and to that 
purpose 1 would have you write to them. For the officers that were 
going for Scotland I would have stay there till I come tomorrow." 

The Same to the Same. 

1660, April 17. St. James'. — " 1 desire you forthwith to give orders 
to the officers of the respective troopes of your regiment to call together 

A 2 

m^. or f^n V- 


the Don-comi^•sion officers and soldiers under their respective commands^ 
&Dd then to tender ihem the address lately subscribed by the officers of 
the army for their subscriptions, arid to discharge out of their troopes 
respectively any non-conimis.'iion officer or soldier who shall refuse to 
jdne in those t^ubscriptionr', and you are to direct the officers not to lett 
them knov»e the eml for which they are to come together untill their 
meeting, and the tendrirg of the said address unlo them." 

The Same to the Same. 

1660, May 3. St. James's. — '* Ilaveing received a letter and decla- 
ration from hid Majesty whereof the inclosed are copies, and the officers 
at the head-ipiarters haveing subscribed an address, of which the copie 
15 algoe inclosed, declareing their satisfaction in the said letter, and 
declaration, and their expectation of the enioyement of much tranquility 
and happiness under his Majeptie's Governement, I desire you will com- 
municat them to the officers of your regiment and tender the address 
to l>ee signed by all the commission officers under your command, and 
when subscribed to returne it." 

The Same to the Same. 

1660, May 23. At the Cockpitt. — " You are to march (uppon notice 
given) with my owne regiment, your regiment, and Col. Cloberye's 
regiment of horse, to Blackheath, where you are to drawe them upp 
and make a stand uppon the said heath whilst his Majestie is passing by. 
And 1 shall send yon notice of the time by the officer whom you send 
with me." 

The Same to the Same. 

1660, May 26. Canterbury. — " T desire you will not faile, with your 
owne, Colonell Cloberie's, and my regiment of horse, to bee att Black- 
heath uppon Tuesday morning next to bee drawne upp against his 
Majestie comes by according to your former orders. Whereof I desire 
you nott to faile : and to order them nott to fire till the Kinge bee 
paMied by." 

The Same to the Same. 

1660, May 26. Canterbury. — " Having appointed the Lord Faucon- 
berge's and Lord Howard's regiment to meet att Blackheath on Tuesday 
morning next by seaven of the clock, I desire you will drawe them uppe 
according to former orders, in five divisions, leaving a convenient 
distance between e each regiment." 

" My Lord Howard and Lord Fauconberge are content that the Scotch 
regiments and theirs shall take place according to the date of their 

The DuKK OF Albemarle to Sir R. Knight. 

1661, June 8. The Cockpitt. — "I received yours of the 5th instant, 
and soe soone as monies come in you will receive your pension out of 
the Exchequer, butt att present there is none to bee had, and soe itt will 
nott bee fitt to move his Majestie in itt till there bee money, butt when 
itt is seasonable I shall assist you what I can.' 


The Same to the Same. 

1661-2, January 18. The Cockpitt. — " Permit the bearer hereof Sir 
Ralph Knight with his servant, horses, swords, and necessaries, to passe 
about his occasions in Yorkeshire and other parts and to repasse with- 
out molestation." 

Tlie Same to the Saiie. MSS. of Sib w. 

1662, March 29. The Cockpitt— " I receivea .yours of the 24th of ^"'^?!^"»- 
March instant und thanke you for your care in pionioiing his Majestie's 
service heere in speaking to Captain Parke to raise a troope for Portugall, 
butt there was an intention (when I wrote lo you) to raise seaven 
troopes heere and now there is but two to bee raised, and the otiicers 
have already received their leavy, butt seing Capt. Parke is soo willing 
to goe I shall bee mindefull of him up[)on tlie next occasion." 

The Same, with others, to the Same. 

1662, June 25. — ^'Whereas his Majestic by his Proclamation dated 
the 22th day of June 1662 requires all officers and soldiers that have 
served in the armyes of the late usurped powers to depart out of the 
cittyes of London and Westminster on or l)efore the 26th day of (liis instant 
June. And whereas the bearer hereof Cidonell Sir Kalph Knight was 
lately disbanded out of the late army in pursuance of an act of Parliament 
and thereby conceives himselfe concerned to take notice thereof and 
yield obedience thereunto. And whereas it ap[)eares by a certificat of 
his Grace the Duke of Albemarie that the said Colonell Sir Ralph 
Knight hath faithfully served his Majestic and did correspond and joine 
with the said Duke of Albemarle in his Majestie's most iiappy restora- 
tion. These are according to the power given us by the said Proclama- 
tion to will and require all his Majestie's officers and others whom it 
shall or may concerne to permitt the said Collonell Sir Kalph Knight 
quietly to remaine and bee within the s.iid Cittyes of London and West- 
minster and the parts thereabouts without their lett or molestation for 
the space of twenty dales next after the date hereof as they will answer 
the contrary. Given under our hands the 2oth day of June 1662 and 
in the fourteenth yeare of his Majesties Reigne." 

\_Signed] Albemarle. 


Wm. Mobice. 
The Same to the Same. 

1667, July 31. The Cockpitt. — "I received your letter dated the 
29th of July. Sir Stephen Fox has money in a readiness to paye your 
troope. But as to your pension, money is soe scarce that I would not 
have you come upp about it^ because I would bee loath you should 
loose your labour." 

The Same to the Same at Yarmouth. 

1667, August 13. — " It is his Majestie's pleasure that on Fryday the 
sixteenth of August instant you disband your troope of horse att the 
towne of Yarmouth, and that upon their disbanding you cause them to 
deliver in to the Mayor of Yarmouth all such armes as you received for 
them out of his Majestie's stores, to witt pistolls with holsters, backs, 
breasts, and potts, the said Mayor of Yarmouth being appointed by the 
Commissioners and by the Lieutenant General of his Majestie's ord- 
nance to receive the same for his Majestie's use. 

'^ " Sir Stephen Fox will furnish you with monies to pay them upp to 
the said sixteenth of August inclusive, and also with fourteen dayes pay 
more for the officers and soldiers (beyond that time) which his Majestic 
is pleased to allow them to defray their charges in returning to their 
homes. And you are to take a receipt under the hand of the said 
Mayor of Yarmouth for the armes you woe deliver unto him and to send 
the said receipt unto mee." 


^^^zhekb^^tT* Martyn Ryder to his kinsman George Treby at Plymton. 

1671, September 9. — I do not think we shall have much news the 
rest of this vacation. 

You know how far the new farmers have gone with the King for the 
Customs. One patent was sealed for the best part of it, and that for 
"wincs was drawn. But they npcn confidence of the money they had 
already paid, and the interest they had, thought they might make better 
conditions and add some other clauses for defalcations. The King did 
not like this, but being more than ordinarily moved told them that he 
should never have an end with them at this rate, nor any certainty in 
his revenue, and that if they would not accept the terms already 
agreed upon, they might leave it. *' My Lord St. John forthwith, with 
the consent of the rest, delivers their patent into the King's hand, who 
accepts it and lays it by. This has made much adoe and stir in the 
town." The farmers complain that Bucknal. has been beforehand with 
them. The Court complains of St. John that he is dirty, and some say 
he is forbid the Court. Negociations followed, but Michaelmas was so 
near that farmers could not be found in the mean time, and Lords 
Ashley and Clifford, pi opose to have it done by commission. ** But 
wno should be the men ? Ashley nominates Mr. Upton and Mr. Milling- 
ton, merchants. The King, Sir William Tompson — the Duke of York, 
Mr. Buckworth, and Capt. Cock. Sir Thomas Clifford, Mr. Garraway. 
All were accepted but the Duke's two, and the four are to manage the 
whole. It is further said that Lindsey, the goldsmith, is to be treasurer, 
and Man their secretary. The merchants are very well pleased with 
this alteration, upon the presumption that they should meet with 
nothing but hardship from farmers, some of which were needy enough 
and design nothing but their own advantage. But they hope better 
from such men as these who are put in to do justice between the King 
and his people, without the least respect to their own advantage, for 
they are to have very considerable salaries, the least says 160'J . . . 
2000 per annum each. What will be the effect of this sudden change 
time will show, but 'tis believed that the farmers doe very much repent 
of that d[cmand] ... for they have paid in £60000 advance but are 
to be reimbursed when the King has money. The King told Sir W. 
Tompson [he] did pitch [upon him] because he thought he would do 
his [duty] and that without the least recommendation from any 

The King has not yet gone to the race. Lord Henry Howard is gone 
to prepare Norwich Castle for his reception, and Lady Arlington is to 
provide her house. 

Some think that Ashley will be now made Treasurer that he may 
superintend these Commissioners. 

It is said the farmers will not sit down quietly, but will try what law 
and equity will do for them. The money for bribes &c. is certainly 

M. Ryder to G. Trkby, M.P. 

1677* March 30, Exeter. — The chief case at the Assizes was that of 
the town of Plymouth v. Strode. The verdict was against the Lambhay, 
upon sufficient evidence. 

The little is very much affected and is determined to prosecute 
you, and has already set out for London. 

He is principal agent too in the presentment against the Mayor of 
Plympton for not taking the Sacrament and Oath according to the new 
Act. You will bo ns much surprised as I am at this. The Grand Jury 

have found a bill. Some of our friend.s would have contrived to baffle MSS. op Sib vr 

this if it had not come on while they were engaged at the bar. This *'"2^f^^*^- 

may affect you, for the Act makes void all acts done by those who have 

not complied with the law. I submit that you prevail upon 8ome of the 

eminent men in the House to bring in a Bill to explain the Act. Many 

will have cause to lay hold of a general clause of this kind. Pray 

advise the Mayor. 

Sir Francis Drake will now be with you and will tell you of the 
discontent of your fiiends because you did not appear at the election 
at Ashburton. They attribute the loss there to you, and charge you 
flatly with breach of promise, and desertion of the good cause. Mr. 
Coplestone goes further than Sir Francis and says that you promised to 
send Mr. Edmund Pollexfen of Plymouth in your stead if you could not 
attend. Pray justify yourself for neither coming nor sending to your 
friends both here and in London, for I assure you there is a very loud 
clamour here. 

John Hunobrford to the Same. 

1677, May 13. — I am not enough of an astronomer to know whether 
the comet's tail points to England or France, nor if the eclipse shall have 
it^s effect here or in Madagascar, but I am apt to think an honest House 
of Commons may make fools of French comets, and English eclipses 

I dare say people will very unwillingly part with money, unless they 
are assured it is to bidld ships to make war with France, and not to buy 
rich Georges and Garters. 

Dr. Edhond Hal to the Same. 

1677, Jane 7. Plymouth. — If it is true that the Duke of Ormond 
intends to visit Oxford on his way to Ireland, I pray you to use your 
interest with Lord Ossory, that I may l»e presented. This will save me 
the trouble of exercise and the charge of fees, and I shall not be so 
much as obliged to keep an Act. I desire you to cease your endea- 
vours to obtain a Mandanms. If I cannot proceed in my business when 
the Duke comes to Oxford, I will wait till I go to London. 

Colonel E. Grosvenor to the Sa3ie. 

1677, August 21. — " The king is expected to day at Whitehall which 
I desire to see in order to Butler, who yet lives, how long I know not." 

The Same to the Same. 

1677, September 15. — ** Dear Sonn Treby. Your passionate memory 
of the dear deceased still adds to that great kindness I have had for yoa 
since my firet knowledge of you." 

The Same to the Same. 

1677, September 25. — " Poore Butler he is hanged at last, and I 
believe dyed as much a Christian as any that ever was turned off a 
lather, and as innocent, soe says his enemies." 

John El will to the Same. 

1677, December 8. Exeter. — ^Begs for information as to the dis- 
position of the Court, and likelihood of a French war, because this is of 
importance to himself and others who have property abroad and floating 
on the waves. 

The swiftness of the French victories in Flanders, and the readiaess 
of the English make him think a rupture may occur shortly. 



— 1G77, December 10. Fowey. — Pity the miseries of the wretched 

people here. " Here is no claret within our rates." 
[^Twenty -six lines of sJiorthand follow,'] 

John El will to the Same. 

1677-8, March 11. [Exeter]. — The time allowed is so short that 
many, and especially in this city, will lose heavily. Had the date been 
the 31st of this month few would have complained. 

" Forreigners, especially the Germans, write me despairingly of any 
succours from England, and will not entertaine the belief of England's 
hearty conjunction with the Confederates against France. K more than 
ordinary probability of such a war appears, a timely notice from the 
prospect of it would import much. 

^' I shall use double diligence to help Mr. Horsman in getting an 
indifferent jury, or to instruct some that are common and usual jurors. 
My uncle Rodd and 1 intend, Gkxi willing, to accost a ruling man in 
that employment, whom 1 hope to bend to our favour. Mr. Tremain 
shall be consulted with, and whatever is within the sphere of my power 
is assured in this service. My service to my uncle T. B." 

Arthur Ferryman to the Same. 
1678, April 12 and 26. Hardwicke. — Two letters about a law suit. 

P. Ventris to the Same. 

1678, May 21. Ipswich.— Let me desire the favour of you to give 
me some account of next Tuesday's proceedings. 

James Trebt to his brother the Same. 

1678, May 27. The Golden Fleece. — Has just arrived in the Downs. 
Hopes to see his friends very soon, if he is not pressed away. Under- 
stands that it is very hard to escape. If pressed I shall have no hope of 
ever seeing you more. Last Friday night, about about 9 or 10 o'clock, 
the Woolledge frigate and the Lark came up with us and pressed 
several of our men, and said they had orders to press every man except 
the Commander himself, and that we should not. have a man left when 
we came to the Downs. Our men are now packing up their goods, 
ready to be gone. 

1678, Jane 6. — ^The Sum of the Arguments on both sides of the Bar 
of the House of Lords upon the petition for the honour of Viscount 

^Sixteen foolscap pages of small MS.'] 

Colonel Grosvenor to the Same. 

1678, August 17. — You will receive better accounts than mine ; so I 
will only say that men are shipping over, both horse and foot, but whom 
we are to affright with it I know not. Much provision has gone over 
and a large artillery. It is persistently affirmed that Hide is gone over 
(and that is true) with a project of peace signed, offensive and defen- 
sive, with the Dutch and Spaniards, and room for the Grermans if they 
please. Andrew Marvell died yesterday of apoplexy. I rejoice in your 
pleasant victory at Exeter. 

W. Harington to the Same. 

1678, August 17. — Things are in such a chaotic state that what I 
write as fact one day is untrue the next. I Will only speak now of two 

facts. The peace of Nimeguen, aod the fighting at Mons between the MSS. op Sib W. 
same parties a few dajs later. Fitmemebt. 

The first alone was no little surprise to us as you will easily collect 
from the first proclamation which summoned you to meet upon the 29th 
instant. The Dutch were induced to make a separate peace by their 
great losses and poverty, and by a foob'sh jealousy that the Prince meant 
to use their forces to set himself up over them. 

English troops were within 12 hours march on the day of the fight. 
The Duke of Monmouth posted to the Dutch army from Brussells aud 
reached it before the fight, and appeared very active in person, to the 
no small regret of the French. 

J[A very long letter dealing with the various aspects of affairs^ " which 
are very mysterious." 

HsNBT Hatsell to the Same. 

1 678, August 27. — Great quantities of hay have been shipped for our 
horse and dragoons. 

I have talked with some of the Scotch who came out of France. 
They say that their regiment of 3000 men, and the Englij»h and Irish, 
were sent into Dauphine (which you know is the farthest part of 
France) and there the Duke of Monmouth's regiment of foot, and some 
of his regiment of horse, and all this Scotch regiment were disbanded, 
.one or two companies at a time, and obliged to travel through France, 
receiving about a crown a-piece, some more, some less, for their 
expenses. All who desire it are taken into pay here. The Irish regi- 
ment chose to continue in the French service. The greatest part of 
the Duke of Monmouth's regiment is kept there, being dispersed among 
the other troops. 

'' The Duke of Buckingham has not been seen abroad these three 
weeks, which gives occasion of discourse, some saying that he is sent 
by the King on a private message into France, others that he keeps 
concealed with a miss. The Duke of Monmouth came hither on Tues- 
day last, and went forthwith to the King at Windsor. The Duke of 
Lauderdale came two days before." 

At the Berkshire election where Lord Sterling had a majority of 60 
over Mr. Barker, a gentleman of good estate in that county but who 
lives at Glerkenwell, but there will be a double return because of some 
dispute about votes, Mich. Mallet spoke some mad, extravagant words, 
viz. that the King was a rogue, which confirm the idea that he is mad. 
He is committed to the custody of the Black Rod. 

Our soldiers in Flanders die apace, it is supposed from their intem- 
perate eating of fruit. 

Colonel. Gbosyekob to the Same. 

1678, August 29. — Our only news is that today 49 of your members 
n^et and by commission were prorogued to the 1st of October. 

W. Habrington to the Same. 

1678, September 3. — ^I have little of fact to communicate beyond 
what is told in the Gtizette. But all Christendome is in expectation 
what will come of the negociations abroad, and I will give you my 
conjectures. The great question is, will the peace of Nimeguen be 
ratified ? 

I believe on the whole that it will be. 

[A very long letter discussing the above question,'] 


M8S. OP Sib w. H. Hatsell to the Same. 


— 1678, September 7. — The question of peace or war still hangs in the 

balance. Our troops only await a fair wind to sail into Flanders. Oar 
soldiers there are very sickly. Lord O'Brien has died of the distemper 
he brought thence. Mr. Offley the lawyer has been ill a long time. 
The Bill of Mortality was 530 the last week. The country towns for 
many miles about are as sickly as London, which is imputed to the 
unusual heat of the weather, as well as to eating fruit. Yesterday week 
the King dined with Sir George Jefferies at his bouse near Windsor, 
where he was treated magnificently. The Duchess of Poitsmouth was 

" Three of the four men that were tried for robbing Sir Robert 
Viner's daughter were found guilty, but they were reprieved. All the 
evidence was that they were of the company that forced her away 
from Sir Robert, but Mr, Wroth took her handkerchief, and when she 
cryed stopped her mouth with it, and that he took it out of her mouth 
again, and what became of it afterwards she knew not, and that she 
lost an amber necklace, and somewhat else of small value. And yet 
they were found guilty. The story of the Libber was cited* It is 
supposed they will not be hanged." 

The S iME to the Same. 

1678, Septeuiber 14. — It is expected that Parliament will meet on 
October 1st, and so continue. 

The King and Court will be here the week after next. Lord 
Sunderland is sent for. It is supposed because his Majesty is displeased 
with him for some atfair in France, or that the French King complained 
of bold expressions used by him to himself. 

Several gentlemen lately come from France eay they saw the Duke 
of Buckingham there, but incognito, in a dark periwig, without a star, 
and this is now believed. 

Michael Mallet has been to beg the King's pardon, but the King said 
he would leave it to the law. 

Endeavours are being used to get Sir William Temple chosen burgess 
for Southampton, in the room of Sir R. Ford, and Capt. Shales for 

The soldiers quartered in the towns on the river below bridge are to 
be removed inland forthwith, and those or board ship are disembarked. 
The hay that was shipped is also landed again. 

W. Harrington to the Same. 

1678, September 17. — I rejoice that while so many of your House, 
and others, are dying in this great mortality, you are well. I think 
you will consult your own security by hastening to London rather than 
stay where you are [at Plympton]. Serjeant Hardy and Mr. Crouch, 
two members of your House, and Robin Offley are dead. The last is 
to be buried today at St. Pancras in the fields. 

Reports from abroad. 

" I had almost forgotten to tell you that our Turkey fleet in the return 
home about the straits mouth met with 20 sail of great French men of 
war, having only two small English frigates for their convoy. But by 
some strange inward suspicion Sir John Narborough thought so smaU 
a convoy would not pass them safe through the straits, and therefore 
came up with 7 great ships, where he found the French cruising and 
viewing the fleet, which was putting itself in a posture of defence. 
Upon his coming in several boats passed between the commanders upon 


pretence only to know of what nation each were. But after some com- MSS. op Sik W. 
plaints the French veered off, and the fleet passed on their voyage, itztorbbbi. 
though it was looked on to prove Hke that of the Dutch Smyrne fleet, 
and may likewise prove the fore-ninner of a war. 

" Here is news I am sure will look strange to you, that Chiefe Baron 
Montague is like to goe ofl*, and George Jefferies succeed in his roome. 
The fault objected is said to be the judgment given in the case of Cooke 
and Mountague. The story is too long for a letter, and my paper too 
much spent, and my time and strength too . . . 

'* My pen hasting I slipped a material passage, that the French Am- 
bassadour by a memorial delivered in lately desires the King to withdraw 
his forces, for that they have noe occasion for them." 

RiCHABD MiTCHASL to R . • MiTCHARLL at his house in Moone 
Lane, neare the great tree. From a poore Plymouth captive in 

1678-9, January 14. — "My dear. With my unspeakable love to 
thee and our poore children, and my kinde love to our parents, and to 
all the rest of our friends and acquaintance in generall, haveing now an 
oppertunity to wiite I would not neglect it, hopeing of your good healths, 
as blessed be G-od 1 am in at the present writeing. My deare to heare 
of your healths and welfares would administer a great deale of comfort 
to me in this my comfortless and destitute condition it hath pleased the 
Lord to cast us into, I being with many hundreds more taken by the 
Turkess, and brought into this place, being sold. To relate the sadness 
of our condition is beyond the tongue of man to express, and little or 
BOB hopes of redemption. Oh how it would make a heart of stone to 
weep to see the barbarous and inhumane usage of Cristians in this 
place, some drawing carts like horses with irons of great weight upon 
their leggs, with many a blow, and some a hundred at a time upon the 
bare soles of their feet, with a thick rope ; others carrying of durt ; 
others digging in the vineyards, with very small allowance of bread and 
water. And many others more barbarous usage than I am able to sett 
down. The Lord bear upp our spirits if it be His blessed will, and in 
His due time redeem us out of the hands of those unreasonable men. 
There is a hundred and five English ships taken, sunk, and burnt, this 
war, and what will be the event of all God in his infinite wisdom 
knows best. If it would please the Lord to put into the king's heart, 
or the hearts of the country, to contrive some way for our redemption, 
it'^ould be a happy thing, before the pestilence begin, which is every 
summer. It swept away last summer above eighteen hundred Cristians. 
If it were the will of God I could heartily desire to see my native 
country once againe, but if He have otherwise ordained it, the Lord 
satisfy all our spirits, and help us to live soe in this world as we may 
meet together with joy and comfort in the world to come is the prayer 
of thy raithfuU and ever loving husband till death in captivity. 


H. Hatsbll to G. Tbebt, at Sah'sbury. 

1678-9, February 1. — ^The discourse about the invalidity of the disso- 
lution is laid aside. It arose from a scruple of Mr. Browne, Clerk of 
the Parliament. 

It is now taken for granted that the Parliament is well dissolved. 
The Speaker was not sent for, as reported. 

The election for London is to bo on Thursday next. Mr. F. of 
Spridlestone wishes to be your partner at Plympton. 


MSS. o» Sir W. t -n* , . . ^ r^ 


1678-9, February 4. — About the election at Plympton. 

Lord Russel stands for Bedfordshire, Mr. Montague for Northampton- 
Bhire, and Mr. Seechivrell for the town, not for the shire ; Sir Nicholas 
Cary at Gatton ; Sir Robert Paiton for Middlesex. 

There is no choice yet for the City. 

Yesterday a man was committed about firing the Temple, now when 
burnt two of the Duchess of P. servants are fled upon Netterfield's 

Godfrey's murder will be tried on Thursday. Sir Thomas Meres 
meets with much opposition at Lincoln. 

Sir John Narborough has returned from Algiers without making any 
peace, but will return thither. 

Powell will be chosen at Cirencester, but Sir William Coventry 
endeavours much to be excused. 

Lord Latimore was on his wav to Yorkshire to stand for the shire, 
but was brought back by some intelligence which met him on the road. 

Mr. Savil is to go as envoy to France. 

Sir Francis Winnington has gone down to attend to his election. 

The Lord Chancellor has orders to inquire what Justices of the Peace 
do not do their duty against Papists, that they may be put out. 

There will be a Common Council to-morrow, and the election next 

Colonel Grosvenor to the Same. 

1678-9, February 4. — I hear Mr. Strode will contest your seat. 
Pray attend to your own interests, and not labour for others. 
My service to all our good claret friends. 

Henry Pollexfen to the Same. 

1678-9, February 7. The Temple. — My cousin Edmund Pollexfen 
is going down by coach to join you. I heartily hope you and he may 
succeed, and that this will lead to his settling in his own country. 

Another informer named Needham has come in and was examined 
yesterday before some of the Lords, Lords Essex and Bridgwater, and 
taken into protection by the Duke of Monmouth. 

Barry, Green, and Hill, were arraigned yesterday, and will be tried on 

H. Hatsell to the Same. 

1678-9, February 8. — Mr. R. Strode, whom I met two days since, 
hardly denies that he means to stand for Plympton. Simon Hele 
avoids speaking to me. 

Most of the elections so far are good. 

Lords Russel and Bruce are in for Bedfordshire. 

The trial of Berry, Green, and Hill, is put off until Monday. 

Bedlow was accused yesterday before the King and Council of speak- 
ing scandalous words against the Duke of York. The case is put off 
until Wednesday. It seems that he was drunk, and his accusers, some 
of his guard, were not very sober. 

\_It seems from the language used in this letter that HatseUand Trehy 
had married sisters, the daughters of Colonel GrosvenorJ] 

John Pollexfen to the Same. 

1678-9, February 11. London. — There is much discourse about the 
elections, which are in general good. 


Sir J. Williamson has surrendered his oflBce io Lord Sunderland, and M8S. or Bin w. 
Sir J. Coventry will surrender his it is said to Sir Lyonel Jenkins^ Pitzhembbt. 
Berry, Green, and Hills, were tried and condemned yesterday. 

H. Hatsell to the Same. 

1678-9, February 15. — Lord Cavendish and Mr. Sacheverel have 
been elected for Derbyshire without spending a penny. Mr. Powle is 
in for Cirencester, and Mr. Garway for Arundel. Mr. May and Major 
Breman (reputed to be a great fanatick) for Chichester. The two 
Berties finding themselves too weak at Stamford came thence on 
Tuesday last, and the next day Sir Christopher Cust and Capt. Hide 
(two friends of Lord Exeter) were chosen. 

The elections generally are good. Sir R. Peyton and Sir W. Roberts 
are chosen at Buckingham, which Sir R. Temple has lost. The Duke 
of Buckingham went himself to that town and made it his business to 
persuade the people not to choose Lord Latimer or Sir R. Temple. 

It is not true that Berry, the porter of Somerset House, has made a 
confession since his condemnation, but he has sent for a Protestant 
clergyman, and Dr. Lloyd has been to him. But I can have no certain 
account of it. 

Mr. Montague is chosen for Huntingdonshire. He had intended to 
stand also for Northamptonshire but was chosen here. Yesterday he was 
before the King and Council upon summons. The King told him that 
be understood that he was chosen a member of Parliament. That they 
were shortly to sit, and therefore he would say nothing to him now ; 
hoping that they would do him right, and so discharged him of 

W. Harbington to the Same. 

1678-9, February 20. — We can talk of nothing but the elections. 
Much trouble has been taken to baffle Sir Thomas Player, but the 
current in his favour was too strong to be withstood, and in truth they 
were all chosen very clearly and without any poll demaii^ed, save only 
between Sir Robert Clayton and Sir Joseph Sheldon, but the latter was 
prudent enough to retire. In truth the City judge they have been very 
kind to choose any of our aldermen, considering how the Commons have 
been dealt with by that court, and I am assured they have chosen the 
best of them. 

The Westminster election began yesterday. 

On our side Sir Stephen Fox and Sir W. Poulteney. On the other 
Sir William Waller and Sir Philip Matthews. The latter set up so 
late, and treated so little that most thought it imprudent. '^ But though 
at first Sir W. Waller's number seemed a cloud no bigger than a man's 
hand, before night it covered the whole heavens. So great is the merit 
of priest catching, and so little the credit of a courtier amongst the 
mobile. The poll b^an to-day and may last three days more, the 
electors being 25000 in number. 

" The cry and number of suffrages on Sir W. Waller's side this day 
day was much the greatest, not without great reproaches cast upon Fox, 
according to the humour of the rabble, although it is thought it hath 
not cost him less than 1000/. to purchase their goodwill." 

Will. Ashe and his brother are in for Heytesbury. Will. Trenchard 
has beaten Harry Bertie at Westbury, and both Charles and Peregrine 
Bertie are cast out at Stamford. Prideaux and Jack Trenchard have 
carried Taunton, where the contest lay between Jack and Sir William 
Portman. He won but by one vote. 


MSB. o» Sir w. I only mention those who are our common acquaintances. The 
FiTZHiBBBEBT. gjections ou the whole go well except as I hear among your heathen 
neighbours in Cornwall. I heartily congratulate you on your success at 

" Mr. Montague (I mean Kalph) being said to be gone into North- 
amptonshire to manage his election as was thought, was pursued with a 
message to appear at the Council Board. Which was accordingly sent 
to his father's house. But being invited into Huntingdonshire by the 
gentlemen there to avoid the opposition thnt was raised against him in 
Northamptonshire, and to gain time, embraced the- invitation, and was 
chosen without trouble with one night's stay, and had this advantage 
thereby, to be absent when the summons came. Howbeit he had it 
afterwards, but being now under priviledge the stile in which it was 
directed was very modest, viz. to appear when he conveniently could. 
Which he did forthwith, and was asked why he left Paris before his 
orders came for his return. To which he sayed he had advice that his 
return was ordered, and being indebted upon the king's account 8OOO/.9 
and fearing an arrest, he went to meet his orders at Callis, which he^did 
accordingly. Then he was questioned about his correspondence with 
the Pope's Nuncio, which he denied. And last of all was demanded the 
keyes of his cabinet (which it seems they had not opened, though seized 
you know when) ; but he said he remembered not then where he had 
hid them, and so he was dismissed with this only that he should send 
them when he could find them." 

Several letters from Portugal say that a Spanisli and French fleet were 
to have landed men at Milford Haven, if the Plot had taken effect, but 
they were dispersed in a storm. This is agreeable to Gates' information. 

The sad story has just come that St. John's College Cambridge is 
nearly burned down, and three priests taken with fire balls. 

P. Ventry to the Same. 

1670-9, March 11. Ipswich. — I very desirous to receive a letter 
from you, bein^much at a loss for an account of the state of things in 
this conjuncture, and especially to interpret the Duke's departure. 

Sir Robert Southwell to [the Same]. 

1679, March 28. " Spring Gardens. — I have now in obedience to the 
orders of the Lords of the [Committee] of Examinations about the Plott 
dated the 15th or 2oth instant reviewed all those bundles that were sent 
from the Councill of matter arising since the first of January last. The 
24 papers found at Tixal I gave you in their order Tuesday night with 
a general list of their contents, and last night I did extract out of 
certain papers sett apart and given unto you the remarks which here* 
after follow. In three letters writt from one William Southall of 
Staffordshire of December 31st, January 25th, and February 20th, he 
says that Mr. H iggins who [went] by the name of Eobert Palmer was 
taken at Highone, that he proves [a] priest and is sent to goale. That 
Thomas Mauloe proves a priest and sent to goale. That Francis 
Levison (who 1 suppose is brother at least to that Lewsen or Levisen 
who mett with Miles Prance at Bow to write the narrative of Sir 
Edmondsbury Godfrey's merther) was taken by Justice La . • , and 
sent to gaole. One Peters a Jesuit (often accused by Dugdale for the 
conspiracy) is there also in gaole. George Hobson (formerly a tenant to 
the Lord Stafibrd, and lately tenant to the Lord Aston and knowing of 
the conspiracy as is testified by Mr. Dugdale's first evidence of the 24th 
or 29th December and 2 1st of Feb.) is in the same goale. One Nor[th] 


(servant to the Lord Aston, and nephew to Pickering) is in the same MSS. oi Sa "w; 

gaole for infamous words against his Majestle testified by Mr. Dugdale 

in his d^>08ition either of the 24th or 29th of Deer, last past. There is 

also one Cotton, Priest to Mr. Heveningham whom Dugdale often 

mentions to be engaged in the conspiracy, but being 86 years of age 

and infirme hee remaines with a mittimus in the hands of a constable 


'' In Mr. Southall's said letter of the 20th of Feb. notice is taken of 
Mr. Howard of Hore-Cross, who when Southall came to his house with 
a warrant to search he kocked a pistol at him. That in his house there 
were Popish books and vestments whereof he had informed the Justices 
that Mr. Gerai'd had acknowledged and now deliver'd up according to 
order the deed lodged with him, by which Dugdale gave £100 towards 
the Plott, which is a high instance for giving credit to . . ales 
evidence. That in the same letter it is said that Mr. Lew son Gowre 
being at the sessions did observe Sir Symen Deg to give the charge 
more favorable concerning Papists then others, and did thereupon tell 
him he spoke more like a Jesuite then a Justice. 

** In a deposition taken by Mr. Anchitel Gi*ey in Derbyshire on the 
22th of January, it appears, that one George Godfrey, who ix>metimes 
was called Golding and sometimes Wilford, was a Fituiciscan Fryar, and 
resorted sometimes to Howbec, is now taken and in Derby goule. 

'^ Memorandum. That on the 24th December being the day that Miles 
Prance brought all his evidence to the Councill board, one Abraham 
Grory Granger, who then lay in Newgate for being a notorious counter- 
feiter of hands, he desiring to bee heard was then also brought and did 
informe of certain commissions unto which he had counterfeited the 
King's hand, and named the Lord Bellassise, one Brattle the Essay 
Master of the Mynt, and Mr. Fox who lived at Arundell house, to bee 
the promoters of this work, as will appeare by his information then 
taken, but what between the hurry about Prance, and the informer's ill 
life, there was not much notice taken of the matter, more then to remand 
him to Newgate, where 1 suppose he now lyes. 

" That a letter was given in by the Bishop of London on the 7th of 
February, is dated the 15th January, writt in French and directed to the 
Lord of Bellassise. It seemes to bee writt from a Nunnery where he 
hath a daughter. It encourages him to persevere unto the end, and to 
think upon the glorys of martyrdome. 

" Memorandum. That on the 1 oth of March Edward Lloyd swears 
that on the 30th of Sept. the Lord Powis with his Lady going towards 
Loudon, did call at their house, and asked him, whether hce lieard of the 
discovery of the Popish Plott. Now the Lord Powis being examined 
on another occasion did declare that he came not into London untill 
Saturday the 4th of October, and sett out from Powis Castle on Tuesday 
the first of October, but whether it were on Monday the 30th of Sept. 
or even this Tuesday tis improbable hee should know of the discovery 
of the Plott frota the information given at the Councill Board, which 
came not there till Saturday the 28th September, so that [if] Lloyd 
deposeth true his Lordship must have heard of it by some other v>'{\j 
[before] . 

" Memorandum. That among the Tixall Papers No. 9, there is a letter 
of the 28th December 1676 writt from the present Lord Aston to hia 
father, which shows how great kindness the Lord Stafford professed 
towards them, and that they were procuring some letter of favor from his 
Majestie which it seems cost this Lord much hammering perhaps if such 
letter were seen [it would] give light to other things. 


MSS. OF Sib w. ** Also in the Tixall bundle No. 3 there is a letter signed Thomas 
FiTZHBEBBBT. \yiiitg|.eve without date or place, by which it appears the Lord Aston 
had been twice at his house, and if that letter were writt since Mr. Otes' 
discovery it would import very much, especially if this be the same 
Whitgreve who is a Justice of the Peace of whom Mr. Dugdale can give 
. . . t evidence of his correspondency with the Papists. 

" There was ibund by Sir William Waller in the Savoy two letters 
which have in them much variety of matter about Popish buisseness. 
One of them is of the 28th of July 1676 from Douay wherein .... 
is mentioned. The other has no date, but was writt from Ro[me] to 
Stapleton President of the Benedictines and from an agent sent thither 
to sollicitc their affaires. 

" There is another letter dated the ^th of Januaiy last from Brussells 
writ from an English Priest but in Italien. It is directed to Monsr. 
Trevars a domestic of the Spanish Ambassador's, and in that there is 
another letter in Italian to the General of the Carmelites Missionarys in 
England. Whether this Generall be Trevars or no, or some other, 
person, is matter of enquiry, and the rather from an account given lately 
by Sir William .... to the Duke of Ormonde, and sent over by 
his Grace, wherein are some things very remarkable. 

" There was found in the house of Mr. Daniel Arthur but the papers 
left there by one SarsHeld and belonc^ing unto him. The original 
commission granted on the 20th of May 1668 by the Cardinal of Dando 
. . then Legat a Latere in France, whereby power is granted to the 
Augustine Fryars (among other things) to dispense with all vows 
(except those of chastity and religion), and also with oathes, where there 
ii just cause, and also in other cases and irregularitys even as the Pope 
could dispense with the same. 

" As for the manifestations that Popery was taking growth and shaping 
itself into forme, and distributing into several precincts the care and 
management of the cause, and particular persons to preside in such 
precincts and to bee accountable for the same in their ecclesiastical 
matters, not only the blew book found in Ireland's bag, containing the 
names of 300 Jesuits will manifest the same, but other papers now lying 
in Fenwick's bag, as also the papers found at Comb in Herefordshire ; 
and how farr they thought their matters advanced even in May 1666 
will appear by the commission I gave you where Austin Hungat.e 
President of the Benedictines, impowers one Stapleton, another 
Benedictine, as if they were even then in hopes of all. This commission 
was brought in by the Earl of Essex, together with a note for £1,500 
which is given to Mr. Attorney General to try if that money bee not 
recoverable and forfeited to his Majestic. 

" If the Lords please that I should proceed to reduce the matters 
contained in those 20 papers of information given by Mr. Dugdale, 
Prance, and Needham, which I formerly put into your [hands] that is to 
fix things upon persons, it will not onely require a long [time] . . but 
it were fitt that I had all those papers at my own house, or by parcells 
at least, that I may with more attention consider and digest the matters 
contained therein, tho in truth this work would best bee performed by 
such as are knowing in the law." 

Endorsed Letter read March 29, 1679. 

Sir John Trevor to the Same. 

1679, March 31. Inner Temple. — I have been ill and out of Town, 
If the Committee have any commands for me upon the examinations or 
papers delivered to you, I am now ready to obey them. 


John Keepb to tlie Saue. M8S.'0f Sib w. 

1679, April 18. Plymouth. — I write because of the deep misery of — 

many of mine, and many others' friends, and relations, which they suffer, 
since the memory of living man, in Turkish sbivery. I wish with all 
my heart you may be able to find some way to assist them. 

SiQ BoBBBT SoUTUW£LL to the Same, in the chair of the Committee 

of JSecresy. 

1679, May 10. Spring Gardens. — In answer to your enquiry I have 
sought everywhere for the cover of those Tixall papers, that you might 
see how the seal appeared, but in vain. It was only a wrapper, without 
any writing within, and I threw it aside, together with the post-label 
sealed on to it. The seal (or to the best of ray remembrance the two 
seals) on it did not appear to have been abused. I could not suspect that 
any paper was missing, because no schedule was sent me with them, or 
'any intimation (tliat I remember) that there was so considerable a paper 
' within. This I presume you will see in the letter from Mr. Lane, and 
Mr. Congreve, which was also in the same wrapper, and dated about 
the 24th of January last, which you have in your hands. 

" The packet was brought me by a iK)st boy at 10 o'clock at night on 
the 25th of January, as I was among my papers about the Plott. And 
it being directed to myself, and Mr. Lane's name on the outside, I 
presently concluded the wallet had been found. But when 1 opened 
the packett, which presently I did (as in duty bound, knowing that 
speed might have been required in things of that nature) I run over all 
the papers, so as to sec there was nothing that answered my expectation. 
And as soon as the Lords of the Commission of the Council met, I laid 
all before them truly and faithfully. And I do upon my salvation 
declare that I never had or saw any other letter of my Lord Stafford's, 
than that which is now in your hands, and therefore it hath laid a great 
weight on my spirits now for these five weeks past, that no report has 
yet been admitted from me, pursuant to the vote which is upon the 
books, viz. that I should seek and enquire for some otiier letter of my 
Lord Stafford's, which God Almighty knows, I never saw in my life." 

I beseech you let me have justice, and let the Committee report to the 
House that 1 have faithfully delivered up all the papers I received from 

Henry Treby to his brother the Same. 

1679, May 26. Wrington. — If Lord Peters is found guilty and his 
estate forfeited, and it be given to any person you know, or can make 
interest with, I desire you will endeavour to get me the office of collect- 
ing the rents of the manor of Brent, it being near me. 

J. Horseman to the Same. 

1679, May 27. Plympton. — I have acquainted Mr. Reepe with your 
answer to his letter about the captives in Algiers, and Merrifield, and 
others also. They are very thankful to you for your readiness to assist 
them if opportunity offers. Old Richard Clarke's youngest son Thomas 
is a captive, and his widowed mother is too poor to help to redeem him. 

We all in the country are in great expectation to hear of the Lords' 
trials, the more that they have been so often put off. 

A great part of Honiton was burnt last week, on both eid^s of the 

E 64159. B 


Mss. OF 8iK vr. Sir Bpdert Souxhwkll to the Same. 

— ' 1679, May 31. Council Chamber.— " The Lords of the Committee 
of Examinations are now sitting, and would be glad presently to speak 
with you." 

John Rcshwobth to the Same. 

1679, July 11, — ** I am loath to send to you for the Earle of Strafford's 
trial before you have done with it, but that at the present I must take 
something out of it, to corroborate some passages in my second part, 
which I intend shortly for the presse. Be pleased to send it by the 

J. HiciiARDSON to the Same. 

1679, August 9. — The Council has adjourned to the first Wednesday 
in October. 

Mr. Jennyson was examined the day they adjourned, which was the 
day you left town, and has made a fuller discovery of the Plot it is 

Some of the elections are over. At Aniersham, Algernon Sydney is 
chosen and Shr Roger Hill ; at Wendover, Mr. Hampden and Backwell ; 
at QucQnborough, Lord Duublaine and Mr. Herbert. In Essex they 
elect ou Tuesday next, and in Surrey Lord Longford desists for this 
. Mr. Starkey has accidentally blown his thumb off. 

to his cousin Thomas Littleton. 

1679, August 14. Worcester. — This being the last place on the 
circuit I will tell you about it. The number of causes have been few, 
but of signal importance. At Gloucester one Hanslip was arraigned as 
a Popish priest. At his trial (which I saw) great numbers of vestments, 
crucifixes, B . . . ., altar-stones, mass books, pictures, and such 
like trumpery, were brought into court, and upon these and other very 
strong evidence he was convicted, but is reprieved by some private order. 
But the thing chiefly remarkable in his trial was the notorious equivocca- 
tion, or rather perjury, of some Popish witnesses that were often present 
at Mass with him, and had been seen so, and had confessed it to some 
Protestant witnesses present in court, yet they did utterly deny every- 
thing, having first equivocated as long as they could. Three others 
were indicted for seditious words spoken a little before the discovery of 
the Plot. One for saying that before Christmas there would be another 
King. Another that there would suddenly bo such a blow in England as 
it had not felt for a long time. The third that the Papists will be 
uppermost once again, and will suddenly have their chapels, and other 
churches, and church lands again. And other words concerning Popery. 
The two first were found guilty, but the third escaped, there being only 
one witness against him. 

A Mr. Arnold and a Mr. Price have been very active in those parts, 
and found when Lewis was arrested a vast quantity of Popish trinkets. 

Under an Order in Council they had all been burnt, and could hot 
therefore be produced at the trial. He was convicted upon the evidence 
of many witnesses, but reprieved. " He wears a great periwig, and I 
am confident I have seen him often in Farr*s Coffee-House, and 

A woman swore against him that she had paid him about 10/. to get 
her father's soul out of purgatory. " To which he said that he called 
God to witness that he never had a grant of her. No, said she, for I 
paid you in good shillings and halfcrowns. To which I observed he did 


Yiot ansfrer a word . . . But tho thing mof^t observable was the 1C88. ov ftxa W 
return of the Grand Jury, out of which Mr. Arnold did challenge 8 or 10, ^** "ir ' "* ' 
«nd did prove tliem to be siispectiKl Papists, or that tlieir wives, or near 
'kindred, were Papists. And the Petty J ury, thougli returned over by 
accident, yet had many challenged out of it upon the like account, that 
you may see how this pest hath spread itself in Monmouthshire." At 
[Hereford one Kemble was convicted of being a priest, but reprieved, 
father Harcourt would have been eonvicte<l upon the examinations of 
B Popish witnesses, taken before Justice Manwaring, had they not 
impudently denied at the trial all that they had before sworn and 
subscril>ed to. 

The trial of several priests at Stafford was put off on account of the 
absence of Dugdale in London. 

A zealous Papist there was convicted and sentenced to the pillory for 
paying that Parliament never did good to King or kingdom, and that it 
will never l)e well in England until the King rule without a Parliament, 
:ss the King of France does. 

It is much to be noted that all these things appear in the first circuit 
after the discovery of the Plot. 

A law ought to be made to disable Papists from being witnesses, at 
least in any case between a Papist and a Protestant. 

John Pollexfen to the Same. 

1679, August 19. London. — Opposition to you at Plympton does 
not seem very probable. 1 have written to Cout»in Hum. to keep* 
possession of the meaner sort of electors by some expenditure in good 

Most of the elections within 60 miles are over. Most C, though at 
Windsor such are not like to get in. 

'* The Duke's daughter, Lady Anne, will go to-morrow for Brussels, 
and the deep politicians of the Coffee House would suppose she would be 
married to the Dolphin of France, and that Cleveland hath been the 
marriage maker. The Lord Chief Justice is much censured by«all. 

" Sir Nathaniel Heme is dead, so cousin Ryder may have a fair berth 
at Dartmouth." 

William Harrington to the Same. 

1679, August 19. — The most remarkable thing about the elections is 
the success of Colonel Sydney at Amersham where he was brought in by 
the activity of two or three persons, though he was wholly unknown 
there, and he defeatevl Sir William Drake, an inhabitant and lord of 
the place. Sir Roger Hill is returned with him. 

The next most obser^ cable thins: is the Essex electron. Here Sir 
Elias Heivey was persuaded to decline joining Colonel Mildmay, his 
former associate, and take in Sir Thomas Middle ton. 

They appeared in the field on Tuesday, supported by the Duke of 
Albemarle and most of the principle gentry. They were opposed by 
Colonel Mildmay who, upon the refusal of Sir E. Mildmay the night 
before to join with him, had taken in a young Mr. Honeywood (candi- 
date at the last election for Maiden). Lord Gray of Warke managed the 
country very briskly for them, and the two parties nearly came to iUl^aAm 
blows. Sir E. M ijdj3 iay*s party, though not a tenth in number when ' ^^^j 
drawn up in the field of their opponents, called for a poll. But after 
dragging it on until noon on P^iday they then retired on finding that 
they were in a hopeless minority. ,^^ ^^^ 

Sir E. Mildjijay must now go to little Old Sarum. He will hardly /^^^ 1 
recover the good reputation he formerly had in that country. Sir 

B 2 


JfSS. 09 SiA w. Ricliard Templo nirl Lord L'ltimer arc returned for Buckingham. Sir 
FiTZHgBBgBT. Ricliard had the majority clear, but Lord Latimer had but six voicefly and 
Sir Peter Tvrell as ni.uiy, so us they say that Sir Po'er had this reason 
to contest it, for that in the judgment of Pailiamenty Lord Latimer 
beinp: returned l>y one of the six, the vote of him that returned him 
will be cast out, an\i his number reduced to five. Uowbeic there is- 
apparent reason for a new choice. 

Hertfordshire hris been at a loss, being resolved against Titus one of 
their late members for his ill behaviour in the matter of the D[ake'l. 
Titus means to try for Huntingdonshire, where Price retires. Kit Vano 
had rather stay with his wife in Kent than travel to Durham. 

I must not omil an answer of a countryman to a great man, during 
the Essex election, who tohl him he had better be at home looking after 
his harvest. He retorted he had rather trust God with his cix>p, than 
the devil with the choice of Parliament men. Others saying they would 
venture their corn to save their land. That county too which set so 
good an example in their choice of knights, did not put them to the 
expense of a penny. Several declaring at the time of the poll that 
they would sell their horses, or their corn, rather than be wearied out 
by their advei*saries. But the two competitors did beai* the charge of 
their men. Other counties are likely to follow the example of these 
who should no longer be called Essex ©dves, but worthies. 

Now 1 have given you a hopeful account of a resolved people and a. 
good Parliament ** Good Mr. Speaker." They threw a dead dog into 
« Chief Justice Scroggs' coach at Gloucester where Bedlow had been 
holding forth. 

[A long letter full of election reports,'] 

Gi.'ORGE Bradbuky to the Same. 

1679, August 22. — I was at the Election at East Grinstead. Mr. 
Goodwin Whartou and Mr. Jephsou are chosen. Mr. Powle who also 
-stood is chosen at Cirencester. It is thought he meant to keep Grin- 
stead f©r Sir Thomas Littleton, wliD it is now likely will not get into 
this Parliament. To make him ^ome amends Lady Lyttleton has 
£6000 as next of kin, though very i emote, to a Mr. Lewis of Sussex. . 

The greatest election tumults were those in Essex where the Duke 
of Albemarle received many affronts. The poll there lasted five days* 
" At Windsor, where the election is not yet passed, they cuff and 
cudgel one another every day, and there is so much hollowing that they 
disturb the King's fishing, with Winwood and Starkey against Cary 
and Powuey." 

Lord Barkley of Barkley is to be an earl. 

I tell you little private stories for want of public ones. 

The Same to the Same. 

1679, August 26. — Congratulations on his election. 

Details of an atlack of illness the King had been sufiering from. It 
came on on his return from hawking at Lady Portsmouth's. 

The doctors call it an intermitting tertian. 

Bulletins are sent twice a day to the Lord Mayor. 

Beds are being prepared at Whitehall, as if the King and Queen 
would come there to-morrow. 

John Bichardson to the Same. 

1679, September 2. — The King is well again. He now talks of 
coming from Windsor to-morrow fortnight. 

The Duke of York went to see him this morning, from St. James'. 


W. Harki.ngtok to the Same. mss. oj Sn w. 

167^, September 2. — The Duke cam 3 in haste to London last night, — ^ 

Tvhere few knew of his arrival, beinoj Monday about 11 o'clock, and 
^vent in hnste to Windsor this mornin;>. This, added to the King's 
illness, caused much surmising. 

These two great accidents may give you vigour in seekin;]^ for those 
great things which were the subject of your debates when you were last 

Hampshire, following the example and zeal of some others, has 
thoutjht fit to put up Lord Russol, though nt a great distHUce and 
knowing nothing of the matter, against Mr. Koell, their Lord 
Lieutenant. Accordingly he and Sir Francis Rolls were chosen by a 
great majority. The countrymen also declared that the election should 
not cost their knights a penny, though the poll should be kept open a 

Honest Tom Haselrige is dead, and is to be carri.-d to-day into 
Leicestershire for burial. 

The Portsmouth vovao^e has been the death of several of those who 
accompanied the King, and it is believed had some part in the King's 
illness, which was serious. 

H. Hatsell to the Same, at Plympton. 

1679, September 6. — The Duke of York posted from Harwich 
attended by Colonel Churchill. It is said that he was sent for by the 
advice of some of the Privy Councellors, but the Gazette says he came 
unexpectedly. Most of the great persons about the Court have waited 
on him, and kissed )iis hand. But he refused that honour to Sir 
Thomas Armstrong, being offended (as it is nupposed) at some words 
he spoke a few weeks since in favour of the Duke uf Monmouth's 

The King is weak but can take walks in the park. 

The Town swarms with pamphlets. Two or three appear every day. 

It is uncertain if the Duke will return to Flanders at all. 

TiTCS Gates to Thk Same. 

1679, October 25. — " I pray you to take notice that Thomas Knox 
hath petitioned the King to order him those papers, which the King 
hath not granted, but ordered his Couucell to have them of you, which 
if you deliver them I suppose it may tend to help their memories, 
they haveing as I understand forgotten what they did contrive against 
mee. Sir I hope you will not deliver them if by any meanes you can 
keep them by law, for you received them not of the Counceil but of the 
Committee of Lords." 

Tit Otes." 

J. Ellwell to the Same. 

1679, October 27. Exeter. — The late prorogation is the cause of 
inuch talk. It is thought another may spring from the same root. It 
is thought that the same motive will operate in January as well as in 

Many of your friends are in despair, expecting nothing fehort of ruin 
for the nation if destitute of Parliament. 

Many would wish a petition to be presented first from London, and 
then from all the counties, that Parliament m:iy sit in Jfuniary and 
continue sitting until some terms are made about the King's person, and 
the Protestant religion. All agree that London should lead the dance. 


IfSS. OP Sir w. None however will put this in practice unless it is approved of by von 
PiTzwEBBBT, and Mr. Pollcxfen. 

'^Let all alone aivhile saith this person, till the two Dukes jaugle, <&c» 
I find only one thus thinking, which I thought fit to commuuicate to 

On a blank side there is a great seal of shorthand. 

Dr. N. Gary to Sir G. Treby, at his house in Fleet Street. 

1679-80, January 22. — I congratidate your honour, and do not agree 
with some that you are to be the less esteemed. 

H. Hatsell to the Same, at Launceston. 

1679-80, March 13. — Our only news is that Sir George Jefferies is to 
be Chief Justice of Chester, and to continue Recorder. Sir Job Charlton 
is to be a Judge in Westminster Hall, if he will accept it. 

John Trencharp to the Same. 

1680, August 2. Taunton. — Desiring him to defend Mr. Johnr 
Freine, an acquaintance of his at Taunton, in a suit brought against him 
by Sir John Cutler for words spoken at the lato election here. 

He will wait upon you as you pass through this town ou your way to 

The greater part of the counsel are engaged on the other side. 

H. Hatsell to the Same. 

1680, September 4. — The contents of Bedloe's afRdavit are not yet 
publicly know. Bedloe'a wife was present in the Chamber when t he- 
affidavit was made, and desired a copy, but it was refused her. 

On his return from Bristol he waited on the King at Windsor, and on 
Wednesday the 2oth following. A copy of the affidavit or a part of it was 
read before the Council at Whitehall. On Sunday following the- 
Council sat at Windsor, were was a gi'eat debate. 

It is generally believed the Parliament will sit a very little while,, 
however it will be convenient that the members attend. 

Giles has a long time well recovered of the bruises he received when 
he stood in the pillory. He was to have stood again last week, but it 
was countermanded from Windsor. On Wednesday last another order 
was made at the Sessions for his standing to-day at Grjiy's Inn Gate^ 
which he did accordingly. 

Mi's. Cellier was committed about a month since for printing her 
narrative, and one sheet of it was taken in the press. But she was 
bailed, and the whole is since printed, consisting of about twelve sheets, 
which she openly sells at her own house. The chief design of it is to 
justify herself and blacken Dangerfield. That the Popish Plot is a 
fraud. She abuses Oates and Bedlow, and says that the papers were 
laid at Colonel Mansell's lodgings by contrivance between him and 
Dangerfield. There are reflections upon Lord Shaftesbuiyand the Duke 
of Buckingham. And the King is abused for she says the St. Omer 
youths came over here by his command. 

There are many impudent lies in it, and it seems to be written to 
defy justice. 

J. Pollexfen to the Same, at Plymptou. 

1680, September 7. London. — There is nothing worth reporting. 
It is said ihe Duke has made an offer to the King of retiring from 
Court and from all business. 


Mrs. Cellier's narrative, which most think is a great libel on the usa o» Sib w. 
Government, is openly sold in the streets. It is probably the work ot 
a cabal of Papists, but the news of the Duko of Monmouth's reception 
in youi parts balances it. 

The S.iMK to the Sake. 

1680, September 7. London. — The King is expected at Whitehall 
to-night on his way to Newmarket on Thursday, where he uill stay 
about three weeks or a month. 

An express from Tangier says that an attack is preparing. 

The Same to the Same. 

1680, September 14. London. — Mrs. Cellier is at last arrested, and 
is to lie in prison until she pays 1000/., then to give surety for good 
behaviour, and to stand in the pillory. 

There is no appearance that the scheme of things will be changed. 

Essex and Radnor have thoughts of desiring to be excused from 
attendance in the C. 

The Chancery gentlemen are still very dilatory about the captives 

H. Hatsell to the Same. 

1680, September 18. — There is little news. 

Mrs. Cellier stood on the pillory at the Maypole today. She was 
much pelted but not hurt. There was a guard of above 400 men. It is 
said she had an headpiece and armour as Giles had. 

The Duke of Monmouth went five days since to Lord Lovelace's. 
Lord Shaftesbury who came to town a week since has a tertian ague. 

J. FoLLEXFEN to the Same. 

1680, September 18. — Marshal Bellesfond has arrived from France 
and has gone to Newmarket. He is the man who was here to concert 
affairs in 1671. 

It is computed the above two millions have been already spent about 
Tangiers, and that it will require 900,000/. more to finish the fortitica- 

Philo Treby to the Same. 

1680, November 2. — I humbly tender my advice in the present con- 
juncture viz. Tacking the revenue of the Crown to the Laws established 
for Keligion. 

The plan seems very simple and easy. 

Heads of a Paper of Advice from Friends in the Country to 

G. Treby, M.P. [No names,'] 

1680, November 2.— 

1. If the House is dissolved or prorogued this month send forth a 

remonstrance to the whole nation. 

2. Pass no bill sent down by the House of Lords which the Court 

desires, until the Succession and the Protestant religion are 

3. Pass a bill to exclude the Bishops' votes, as they show them- 

selves enemies to the Commons. 
4. Let the House of Commons hold a strict correspondency with 

the City. 
6. Endeavour to secure good Protestant officers for the Militia. 


Mss. OP Sib w. James Caeter to the Same, at Mr. Starkey'e, bookseller, within 
FiTZTOBEBT. Temple Bar. 

1680, December 13. Penrhyn. — " The last post brought the news of 
your being t^worn Kecorder. It was generally satisfactory here, but 
especially to me who have ever prophecied for you great eminency, and 
bid you prej)are for the highest offices. Nor am 1 more pleased with 
your advancement, than with the manner of if, which was not by dull 
climax in Common Law road, but at once, per saltum." 

Compares him to Elijah. Begs for a letter before he becomes too big 
a man for " poore Jim's " acquaintance. 

1680, December 20. Warrant for the apprehension of John Marshall, 
ate servant to Thomas Bowyer of Luntlow in Hereford. 

[Siffned,'] W. Williams, Speaker. 

H. Treby to the Same. 

1680-1, Jnnuary 9. — Some merchant law questions. 

It is reported here that the King is afraid any longer to trust the 
rebellious city of London, and that he has removed all his soldiers from 
quartering in it, and also from the factious town of Plymouth. We are 
told that 500 soldiers and a troop of horse are to be sent to subdue it. 

[LoKD Chief Justice] Francis North to Sir George Treby, 

Recorder of London. 

1681, April 8. — " I had intimation from my Lord Mayor and yourself 
that you desired the assistance of me and my Brethren the Judges that 
are in town to-morrow, the afternoon, at the Old Bayly, concerning the 
removing an Indictment of Recusancy preferred against the Duke of 
Yorke. I shall attend you at 3 o'clock being the time appointed. This 
is to let you know I think it will be convenient to have Mr. Attorney 
Generall present, if he will be there, or Mr. Sollicitor Generall, if you 
concurre with me, I suppose you or my Lord Mayor will send to desire 
them to be present." 

There are about 14 lines of shorthand at the foot of the page. 

Sir Robert Sawyer to the Same. 

1681, May 21. — I thank you for your remarks. It was done in haste, 
and ought to have been for high treason for compassing the death and 
deposing of the King but uttenng and publishing &c. 

Pray let Sir W. Turner amend the commitment. 

The Same to the Same. 

1681, May 21. — -I have answered to the Old Bailey that I find cause 
to charge Samuel Harris with high treason, and have given direction to 
Sir W. Turner accordingly. 

Sir John Berry to the Same. 

1681, October 19. Mile End Green. — The unexpected verdict of the 
jury in the case of Mr. Wynell and King surprises me very much, as I 
hear it did most that were on the bench. And I believe you, with all 
your experience of proof of so much provocation, have hardly met with 
so severe a verdict. No man could forbear drawing his sword having been 
cudgelled as he was, much less in the disorder he was in at that time. 

I doubt that unhappy circumstance of his diinking the Duke of 
York's health irritated the jury. 


I pray you make euch a representation to the King on Wynell's Mss. op s» w. 
behalf as may facilitate an appliction for his transportation, or at least '^t*^^""*^* 

Many shorthand notes, 

Samuel Carter to the Same. 

1682-3, January 1. — There is an action against me. I will tell you 
the truth. About a year ago an attorney of this place gave me ill 
language in a tavern and I boxed his ears. The quarrel was made up. 
But again about a month since the very same man in the very same 
place gave me much the same vile language, and to the best of my 
remembrance I gave him much such another box on the ear, to which 
he answered with a bottle which he threw at roe. I replied with candle- 
sticks, which slightly bruised his head. Pray advise me. 

William Lewis to the Same. 

1682, December 20 and 30, The Gatehouse. — Has been nine weeks 
in prison, and cannot get his trial or be allowed bail. Bc'gs for aid and 

James Cardrow to the Same. 

1684, December 22. — An ingot of gold had been more proper for me 
to present you with, though to a new married roan a gad of steel may 
for the present be more serviceable. 

Titus Gates to the Same. 

1684-5, January 30. — " I must pray you to consider of what letters 
you have of Mr. Coleman's, to the end that I may make use of them att 
my tryall. I roust interest you to show meewhat favour you can. It is 
my right to be preserved by all and every of those whom I have faith- 
fully served. I have no more but assure you I am your affectionate fiT. 
and servant 

Titus Otes." 

The Same to the Same. 

1684-5, February 3. — "I humbly beseech you to appear for me, 
Mr. Tempest will attend yon with a breviat of my cause, which I 
beseech you to accept; if there bee any of Mr. Coleman's letters I must 
begg the favour to lett us have the use of them. I am certain noe man 
hath a better cause then T, but I expect to bee run downe. 

Titus Otes." 

There are sixteen lines of shorthand at the foot of the page amongst 
which are the names " Tempest, Feb. 4 ; Wallop ; " aud one or two 
dates ; and a few lines more in the margin where the words occur : — 

" May 5, 1685, o. Subpoenad. Polln. Wm. Williams and Mr. Tonson.'* 

John Pollexfen to the Same. 

1685, June 6. — Croydon. I thank you for your letter, but I could 
not go up to put in a petition in so short a time. The Mayor of P. was 
returned by his deputy and not by himself as the Mayor of Thetford. 
In some cases there may be as much difference between a Mayor and his 
deputy, as between a Lord Mayor's horse and a Lord Mayor. 

T shall not be in town until after the holidays. 


M88. OF Sir W. EalpH GrAINGE tO the SamE. 

iTZHEEBERi. 1685, June 7. — Your petition to the House of Commons was read op 
Thursday- morning anil referred to the Committee of Privileges. 

As I was going about it to Westminster I met Mr. Ash, who under- 
took it, but he put it upon his brother, who did it so well that Mr. 
Curoway recommends him. I first as you desired informed Mr. Henry 
Pollexfen. He would not give any advice but sent me to his brother^ 
and he sent me tlie enclosed. 

Charles Fortescue to the Same. 

1686, August 3. Plymouth. — A business letter describing a property 
worth more than 400/. a year on sale in that neighbourhood. 

George Spry to the Same. 

1688, December 24. Place. — I hear that the Prince has been as well 
received in the city as he was by the county gentlemen where he first 

" Our country, though it did not express theyre zeale soe farr as it 
might by attending his person, yett it hath soe much favoured hit 
designe that it was the first in England that unanimously associated and 
addressed, which I suppose will be generally followed, soe that we need 
not feare the coming in of popery to this kingdome for the future." 

Some shorthand notes, 

Akonymocs to the Same. 

1688-9, March 18. — If steps are not taken to stop some of the 
]>reaching in the country, and compel the ministers to pray for the 
Kiug and Queen, and take tiie oath of allegiance, people may very pos- 
sibly be led into a rebellion. This comes out of Somersetshire. No 
longer, since than this day week there was at Broomfield near Bridg- 
water at Mr. Hellyer the minister's house a meeting of twelve of the 
neighbouring ministers. Of those twelve only one had publickly prayed 
for the King and Queen. The business of nine of these gentlemen was 
to play upon and bait the honestest amongst them. Mr. Hellyar and 
Mr. Anthony Clarke of Enmore and Charlinch, and others, declared that 
they would never obey the Bishop's orders to pray for the King and 
Queen, and only yesterday many of them prayed in the churches for the 
Prince of Wales. Mr. Thomas Jenkins who serves Durston and North 
Newton, says he will die before he takes the oath. At the said meeting 
those present did also declare that the present Parliament is no Parlia- 
ment. Mr. Hart of Taunton is the chief promoter of this faction, and 
the ministers take tlieir line from him. 

William Pawlett, Recorder of Bristol, to Sir G. Tkeby, 

Attorney General. 

1689, September 5. — The goal delivery at Bristol is finished and three 
are condemned to die. One for sheep stealing, the second for felony 
without benefit of clergy, for personating a landed man, and the third 
for procuring the second to do so. The two first are notorious rogues 
and cattle stealers, and the Mayor and Aldermen tell me that the whole 
country will. cry out if they be not hanged. But the third is only 
24 years of age and it might be best to transport him. 

" That which occasions you this trouble is to know whether it is best 
to hang the two first or not, because here is a discourse that the judged 
have hanged very few in their circuits but- murders and for rape. 


<* What power have judges to transport those who are convict of ^^t^wSk.' 

small felonies though not clergyable. Here are two boys, the eldest not 

twelve, convicted for taking a pui*se clam et secrete with 40d, in it, 
whom I reprieved before judgment, because so young, upon their friends' 
petition to transport them.** 

Jonathan, Bishop of Exeter to the Same. 

1689-90, January 14. Trelawney. — I thank you for your letter in 
which you communicate to me the opinion of the Lords Commissioners 
of the Treasury of my right to a moiety of the treasure taken out of the 
sea by Mr. Ford. When I waited on Lord Godolphin he did not seem 
to think there was so much hast, but believed it would keep cold till I 
came again. I have sent my palent, under which I claim, to the 
Treasury. 1 am not well enough to come to town. 

Signed J. Exon. 


James Vernon to the Same. 

1689-90, February 14. — "My Lord Shrewsbury going out of town, 
gave me directions to send to you to know what is done in the non 
prosequi against the Jews*which his Lordship the Earl of Monmouth 
and Mr. Hampden had his Majesty's orders to speak to you about 
. . . . The reason of this enquiry is in order to give notice to my 
Lord Mayor, for without satisfying the Jews in this particular, what my 
Lord Mayor has been negociating with them will have no eifect." 

A few words in shorthand^ and «' £30000." 


1690, June. L . . ham. — Certain Jacobites hereabouts swagger 
and cluster against our present happy settlement, vaunting that they hope 
shortly to see some of their neighbouring WiUiamites, whom they name, 
safe enough. They defied a good Protestant parson who was in their 
company to inform against them if he dared ; and they and a neighbour- 
ing Justice of the Peace can be proved to have drunk to King James's 

lEndorsedy'] "Cousin Croker." 

Dr. John Tillotson to the Same. 

1690, July 3, Edmonton. — I beg to introduce the bearer Mr. Hook, 
sou of a worthy man Dr. Hook, who was vicar of Halifax where I was 
bom. He is not personally known to roe, bat I recommend him on tho 
credit of his testimonial:^. 

J. E. to the Same. 

1690, July 21. — I am but one and know not how to get any joined 
with me to do zealously what is fit to be done. , 

Things are very loose in the country, only the Hand that works 
miracles saves us. 

The Test is the bulwark of the three kingdoms. Money is the sinew 
of war. Can they be well affected who tell people that the late poll was 
never intended to raise more than half what the former did ? 

" If the pulpits uttered nothing of state matters the people, who not- 
withstanding are pretty hearty to the Government, would amend and 
reform. All good men desire good Sheriffs the year ensuing. 

" I gave the Under Sheriff a guinea on Saturday last, who returnes 
thanks. It is 21 shillings more than he deserved. Though by this his 
fbnl mouth will be stopt, who thought Mr« Tozer promised And waA 


MSS. o» Sir W. bound, which may contribute to it. Risdon Esq., a Papist near Totness, 
FiTZ HBBB BRT. j^ G&ffick an attorney, and five or six more notorious Jacobites, are 
secured by the Deputy Lieutenant's warrant. Others may be seized in 
a few days, as John Bere, &c. 

" I intend to visit the maritime parishes on our river, and persuade 
seamen to list themselves in the fleet. Some one captain of the neigh- 
bourhood would draw many." 

J. Ev . . to the Same. 

1690, July 23. Exeter. — *' On Sunday evening the F[rench] F[leet]. 
consisting of 115 sail of great and small ships, appeared before this port, 
and doe still remain there, except 14 galleys, who are gone into Torbay. 
These drew the last night very close to the shoar, but retired on seeing 
some beacons on fire. All the militia of the county of Devon is raised, 
and warrants issued out this day for the posse, all directing their course 
to Torbay. Never was there known more unanimity and resolution 
than appears in the people to hasten to hinder their landing, which 
hitherto hath not been attempted, neither doth it seem very probable 
they they will. 

" If a landing were designed, a far grea^^r number of ships would 
appear, fit for the transport of horses, artillery, &c. 

" The reason why the fleet stays here may be the strong west wind, 
which is in their face, if they intend for Brest or Ireland, and Hoe place' 
more favourable than Torbay, and the bay from thence to Portland, 
where their ships may safely ride at anchor. The only danger that 
might touch them is from fire-ships, of which I think they have not the 
least apprehension. 

" Here is a report that Col. Godfrey's regiment of horse, with two 
Dutch, are coming westward. It were to be wished they appeared here 
as soon as may be, to animate aud range in order vast numbers of volun- 
teers that would join them. If any passages of moment occur they 
shall be transmitted you." 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1690, July 28. Exeter. — ** On Saturday last the French gallys 
approached Tingmouth, and fired many great shot towards the shoar, 
which frighted all people in and about the place, and made them fly into 
the country. Their small boats then landed about 300 men without 
any opposition, who burnt two small fishing towns. East and West 
Teignmouth, and all the ships and boats in the harbour, one or two only 
Excepted, which they could not well reach. They rifled the houses 
before they set them on fire. They broke down all the seats of the 
Church, tore in parts the Bible and Book of Common Prayer, carrying 
away the Chalice. They found one man, whom they killed, saying to 
him, What you English dog, you will have a new King, as he told 
the person that^ok him up before he died. 

** This done they retired to their small boats which carryed them off 
to their galleys, and they to the fleet lying before Torbay, where they 
abide, to the unspeakable shame of this nation. 

" Onr militia is in arms, arid the posse raised. Great cheerfulness 
appears in the country to do their utmost to hinder the descent of the 
enemy. Sir Wy, Sir J. D., with many volunteers, are in the places of 
danger to signalize their zeal for their Majesties, and publick safety of 
the country. 

" We want extreamely a number of good officers to discipline the raw 
countrymen, of whose faithfulness to the Government we have full 
apsurance. You may doe great service to the kingdome by setting 


forward some brave horse commander to visit these parts ns soon as MSS. op Sib W. 
may be. It's not very safe to give the reasons of this suggestion." Fitzhmmbi. 

Six lines of shorthand follow. 

Gilbert [Burnet] Bishop op Salisbury to [the Same]. 

1691, April 6. Salisbury. — One Dr. Beach who has a living wilhia 
six miles of Salisbury, not only has not taken the oaths, but did with a 
high hand ride about the country and dispute against the taking of 
them. He obeyed his suspension, but when the six months were 
out he returned to his pulpit. He names no King nor Queen in his 
prayers, and reads the collect for the King, without a name. He 
observes no fast days, and in some visits to the sick, he denounces 
damnation to all that are for this government. When one of his parish 
pressed him to pray for the King and Queen, and to consider that God 
had raised them to the throne, he answered No, he that raised them to 
the throne was he that carried Christ to tlie pinnacle of the Temple. 

He has used me rudely and boisterously. He is set on by some in 
London who found him a man of a rugged and fierce temper. 

" The Bishop of Bath and Wells came and lay at his house a few days 
before he began to preach again, but how fane he wrought on him is 
that which I cannot affirm. I gave Inslitutlon to one who was pre- 
sented to his living six months ago, but he has not been able to procure 
himselfe to be inducted, the church door having been always kept ithut 
against him.'' 

There is reason to think that the Under Sheriff has an understanding 
with him. 

" The Dr. was in the church in his formalities, but no resistance being 
made no induction could be had, for the Dr. would not goe out of the 
Church, and tlie Sheriffe pretended, and had under the hand of counsell 
from London, that he could not force him to goe out." 

Would it not be well that the Dr. sliould be brought before the Council 
as one who is notoriously disaffected? The Chancellor of the Hiocese, 
Dr. Woodward, is now in London, and I have desired him to wait upon 

As to this man he is a pest in the country, and is likely to wear out 
the clerk who is presented to his Living. 

John Pultenet to the Same. 

1691, April 10. Whitehall. — Lord Sydney has repeated his com- 
mands to me to send to you for the two warrants for Mr. Parson's 
pardon, which I spoke to you about yesterday in the lobby of tho 
Council Chamber. 

John Forster, Clerk of the Peace for Staffordshire, to the Same, 

1691, April 29. Stafford. — In the name of the gentlemen of the 
county to ask for directions as to the method of proceeding against the 
Homan Catholics. 

Lord Sydney to the Sams. 

1691, April 29. Whitehall.— The King's pleasure is that Major 

Bobert Parsons, who is accused of killing Wade, Esq., be tried at 

the King's Bench Bar. 

Loud Nottingham to the Same. 

1691, "J. 11." Whitehall.— Mr. Justice Ayre has admitted to bail 
Abel Dennys of Newcastle though he is charged with high treason, in 
coi responding with and aiding the King's enemies, and especially by 
aiding them with such things as they need for their fleet. 


MSB. OP Sib w. " I do not know that he has that authority out of the King's Bench, or 
XTSRBBBBBT. j^^^ ^xq comcs to use it in showing any favour that may be denied to 
such enemies of the Grovernment. I pray you let me know the state of 
this matter, for I believe the utmost severity of the law will be expected 
against such offenders, which are very numerous and hitherto, I know 
not how, have escaped." 

Ralph Grainge to the Same, at Tunbridge Wells. 

1691, July 31. — " This afternoon Mr. Sollicitor sent to me about the 
examinations of Lord Preston and Crewe (?) being wanted, and desired 
to know if wee could come to your study for them. I took the keys of 
your chamber study, fc,nd raett Mr. Sollicitor at your chamber, who told 
me that the Lord Preston refused to be a witness, and hee being now 
in London it is resolved to have him bound over by some Judges, to 
appear and give evidence the next sessions, and in order hereunto they 
want his examination to produce to the Judge, aud my ]iOrd Nottingham 
spoke to Mr. Sollicitor this d^'y at a Cabinet Counsell (which was as I 
understand about this) to enquire if any related to you could come at it, 
which was the reason of his sending to me, and we both went into your 
study together, and there found them upon a shelf. But we considered 
that it might not be prudent to produce them until you were acquainted 
with it, and gave directions, not knowing what ill use they might make 
of it that such things of secrecy might be come at by others in your 
absence ; and therefore we laid them in the same place we found them, 
and hee hath given notice to Lord Nottingham that they cannot be come 
at, soo that you will have a letter this post from the Secretary. And I 
thinke if you write to him to order some to come to me, with directions 
to look for the key of your study at your chamber in your study at 
home, and to goe along with the messenger and open your study at your 
chamber, and to deliver the papers concerning Preston and Crewe (?) 
bound up and lying on a shelf over against your deske, this will bee (as 
seemes to me) without suspicion. But I beg your pardon for taking 
upon me to advise you 

** This morning a waggon was seized at Southwark, that came from 
Dover, upon information that it contained French goods, and the goods 
being unloaded, at the bottom of the waggon, in an old coat, was found 
a great pacquett of letters, which Aaron Smith tells me was carried to 
the Custom bouse, and ore of the letters being there opened, they say it 
contained the carrying on Preston's plott still, and directions for a rising, 
and the manner, and time. They at the Custom house were surprised 
at it, ^d sealed up the letter, and immediately sent up the whole 
pacquett to the Secretary. Mr. SoUecitor says that there was abundance 
of letters, and that half of them were not looked into when he came from 
Whitehall, nor knowes not what was in those that had been perused." 

1691, August 12. — A certificate signed Anthony Bowyer that 
Nathaniel Lane of Croydon, mercer, constable, had been very diligent 
in apprehending and prosecuting disaffected persons, with danger to 
his life. 

Followed by another signed by C. Whitelocke certifying that Fane is 
maliciously prosecuted in return for his good conduct in then King's 

Lord Somers to the Attorney- General at Tunbridge Wells. 

1691, August 22. — There is nothing of any importance to communi- 
cate. You could never have been out of Town when you would be lei^s 
called upon on business. 

You at Tunbridge Wells are engaged I know in making us news for 
the winter. 

Sir John Moore to the Same. mss.ov8ibW 

1691, October 28.— Understanding from the Swoi-d Bearer that yon ^^^'^^^"^ 
intend to honour the Lord Major with your company if you could be 
accommodated with furniture for your horse, I send you the best I 
have, desiring your acceptance of it. 

John Combes to the Same. 

1691, November 26. — Thanking him for his fovourable intr«>duction 
to the late Lord Chief Justice Pollexfen, and his encouragement to 
come out more into the world. 

The wind has hitherto sat in my face and I believe will ever do so 
unless you are pleased to change the point. 

The Earl op Marlborough to [the Samk], 

1691, November. — A request that he would order a nolle prosequi to 
be entered in the case of one Edwin Broxup who having served in the 
Guards for 26 years, and nothing to subsist upon but an allowance 
from the writer, was now proj^ecutsd by the beadle of his parish of 
St. James' for not finding a watchman. 

Lord Nottingham to the Same. 

1691-2, February 15. Whitehall. — Enclosed are the papers I men- 
tioned to you this morning which I desire you to consider and return to 
me with your remarks and amendments of the clause in such manner as 
will answer objections, as soon as you conveniently can. '* I am likewise 
to desire you to consider the clause in the East India Company's charter, 
whereby the King has power to determine it in three years, because the 
Oommittee of Council will ask you some questions about it, and does 
desire you and Mr. Sollicitor to be at my office a Wedn(3sday at 
6 o'clock in the evening." 

^ The Same to the Same. ' 

1091-2, February 25. Whitehall.— "I desire you and Mr. Sollicitor 
will at the end of the Council be at my office at 7 o'clock on Monday, 
and meanwhile to consider whether the King can incorporate a new 
East India Company ^ with liberty to trade, during the three years that 
the old company must subsist, concurrently with the old one. 

"I desire you will send me to-morrow before noon the heads of those 
Bills which Sir Richard Reynell^ and you, have agreed upon." 

The Same to the Same. 

1691-2, February 27. Whitehall.—"! send you by the King's 
command a copy of the charter of Didflin Hospital, that you may 
consider of the validity of it, . . . and report as soon as possible. 

"His Majesty would likewise have you prepare the draught of a 
Proclamation for declaring the war of Ireland to be at an end." 

Samuel Eyrb to the Same. 

1692, March 30. Newhouse. — The favour you have been good 
enough to seek for me from the King is the thing I have hitherto 
vigorously declined, for it would check my freedom and not be profitable 
to me who use not a bar practice. Your letter is a surprise to me, but 
you have great influence with me, and therefore I pray allow me a little 
time to consider of it. 


MSB. 01 Sir w. The Same to the Same. 

FiTZHERBBBT. jgg2^ ApiH 5. Sali&burj. — I have received your second letter and 
hope to wait upon you soon. 

J. Combes to Sir G. Treby, Lord Chief Justice. 

1692 (received), May 11. — I can no longer attend to my duties. Pure 
necessity makes me take a resolution which all the world will consider 
ill timed and imprudently executed. It wounds me also to lose all my 
worthy friends. I beg your Lordship will so counter-work my folly 
that the City may not suffer in their choice for want of time. I believe 
if I should stay a week longer in Town I should never go out of it alive. 

JonN PoLLEXFEN to the Same. 

1692, May 17. Wenbury. — I cannot come up until the election is 
over,** nor then if I can be excused, for I cannot leave my family behind, 
this corner being soe haunted with French privateers, imd the country 
near the sea so depopulated by the militia when drawn off, and the 
severity used in pressing, that it lies at mercy. TJie easterly winds have 
disappointed the French. Happily the Parliament may [soon] adjourn 
till winter. 

*^ A French fleet came up the Channel soe far off land as probably 
might have surprised part of ours without notice of their approach, if 
the strong easterly winds had not prevented them, which forced them to 
come in sight of the shore, and cast anchor at the Start. There they 
stayed about four days, but the wind continuing against them, I believe 
they looked on their design as spoilt, and that are returned, being seen 
off Falmouth last Thursday." 

Sir Thomas Taylor to the Same, at his house in Hatton iG^arden. 

1692, June 5. Maidstone. — Your Lordship goes the home circuit. 
I beg that you will hold the Assize at Maidstone, (of which I have been 
chosen burgess). It is the most convenient place and has good accom- 
modation. Assizes have been generally held there, at least 50 tioies to 
once elsewhere. 

Lord Nottingham to the Same. 

1692, July 16. Whitehall. — The Queen desires to know if Daniel 
Scole a soldier in Brigadier Leveson's regiment who has been con- 
demned at Kingston for murder, is a fit object of her mercy. 

Another object in the reprieve is to avoid any disorder which might 
arise if the soldier were executed whilst his regiment is at Kingston, 
whence it will remove in a few days. 

Ralph Grainge to the Same. 

1692, August 2. — Mr. Attorney General has asked for but cannot 
get leave. 

** This morning the Lords of the Cabinet early went for Portsmouth. 
All were designed to goe, but I learn that my Lord Pembroke (by 
reason of Sir R. Sawyer's death, as conceived) and Lord Godolphin 
did not goe. Of the Admiralty the Lord Cornwallis is onely [gone]. 
The secret is that the instructions being opened when the transport 
ships came into the fleet, and that being for the descent either at St. 
Male, Brest, or Isle of Ree, the admiral called a councell of the flag 
officers, when it was resolved that it was impossible to make it at St. 
Male or Brest, the French having soe fortified both places, and dr^iwn 


down thither great forces. And for the Isle of Ree, in regard of the 3f8S. ofSibW. 
distance and danger of those seas, and the season see far spent, it was ^"^^^^^^t- 
altogether useless to attempt anything there. These resolves being 
sent up to Liondon, is the occasion of the Lords' journey, our fleet 
being come to the Isle of Wight. I also perceixethat there is amis- 
understanding between the land and sea officers about the instructions, 
which seem to give more authority to the general at sea, than the sea 
officers think he ought to have, and some attribute to this the spring of 
the former i-esolve.*, and non-prosecution of the descent. The Cabinet 
before they went discoursed with divei*« experienced persons in sea 
affairs, and that knows the coast, and as I understand, goes with a 
persua^'ion that the descent is possible in any of tiie places. 

" About 11 o'clock this day one Withers, Adjutant General of the 
Anny in Flanders, who came from thence, got here, and the Queen not 
being nt Whitehall, went to the Queen at Kensington, and was imme- 
diately dispatched after the Lords were gone to Portsmouth. We have 
noe particulars of the news he brings, but is in general that tie loss 
was not so great in the late actions as was believed." 

The Same to the Same. 
1692, August 20. — Various items of foreign news. 

Lawrence Hatsell to the Same. 

1692, August 22. London. — The news in the Gazette is good, and 
people are in good spirits. The Jacobites wager £100 to eight guineas 
against Dunkirk being in our possession by December 25, which shows 
that they believe it will be besieged. 

Ralph Grainge to the Same at Tunbridge Wells. 

1692, August 23. — I have no news. A Holland post has come in 
to day, but I could not learn what it brings. I dined last Sunday with 
the Lord C[hief] J[ustice] Holt, where we drank your health. He tells 
me that some of the officers at Portsmouth were indicted before him at 
Winchester for embezzling the King's stores, and that the Council designs 
a special commission to some of the Judges to go into Hampshire to 
try them. I perceive that it is left to him to name the Judges, and he 
was mentioning you for one. If you would have me say anything to 
him I shall do as you direct. 

The Town is very empty. Almost all our acquaintances have left it. 

Edward Cooke to the Same. 

1693, August 18. Plough Yard. — Anderton's paper is printed at 
last, and we are here credibly informed that above 10,000 of them have 
been sent all over the kingdom before one of them was heard of pub- 
lickly in this great town. I was lately with Mr. Secretary Trenchard 
who discoursed with me of it, and would be very glad that an answer 
should be made, provided it were done by a good hand. I proposed 
Dr. Wellwood, who I hear has promised it, and he said there could be no 
better person to do it with smartness. He desires me to ask you to let 
the Dr. know all the real matters of fact about yourself and the jury, 
and the tiial. This may prove a good service to the Government. 

Sir Francis Drake to the Same. 

[16931, August 31. Buckland. — I pray for your advice as to a fit 
person in my place in case of a new election at Tavistock. 

E 64159. C 


MSS. opSirW, It is mifirlitily inconvenient to me to sei*vo asrain, and the air of the 
Town IS very prejudicial to me. 

For the present the H[igh] T[oric8] and J[acolji]tes of this town 
are mostly at Mr. Mannington's devotion. But I am told his party is 
not so considerable as it was. That lie lives in the neighbourhood is 
an advantage to him, and 1 doubt it will be somewhtt difficult to can'y 
the seat when I lay it down, unless some pretty considerable person is 
brought forward. 

My Lord of Bedford's interefe^t will be needful. I have not yet 
mentioned my intentions to that family. Meanwhile I will sound the 
family at Ford. 

The Same to the Same. 

1693, September 29. — \\e'll give some account of the Assizes. Mr. 
Abraham Trout who has been added to the Commission of the Peace 
is zealous for the Governmont, and has always been an opponent of the 

His estate is some £S00 a year, but for want of quality, or other 
reasons, his appointment is grievously stomached by many of the gentry, 
and they have complained to Lord Rooksby. ** Their chief dependence 
for redress is upon Sir E. S., who is very obliging to all, and looks so 
extremely brisk and prosperous, as if none of our misfortunes could in 
the least ever affect him." Probably the attack will prevail, for while 
his enemies are bitter his friends are lukewarm. 

I write thus early that you and the Lord Keeper may know what is 
designed, and something about the man. 

Sir Edward Balsh to the Same. 

1694, March 26. — Begging very earnestly for 10 or 20 shillings 
[? pounds] of his bounty. 

Lord Herbert op Chkrbury to the Same. 

1694, May 25. Leicester-fields. — **This comes in behalfe of one 
William Carrol who stands indicted for feloniously takeing a gelding, 
valued 12 (?) with Humphrey Woodman. This Carrol is not of age. 
This is his first offence, and he has very good relations. Therefore my 
request is, if he be found guilty, he may be transported, and you will 
oblige &c." 

Str Miles Cooke to the Same. 

1694, July 28. London. — Complimentary. "I will give you a true 
state of the affairs of Christendome. My Lord Barkley doth sport it 
upon the coast of France, and when he comes neere enough to any town 
that deserves it, he complements them with his , . . and hath fixed 
soe many houses . . are like to put all Normandy into a flame." 

Many remarks about the use of our fleet in the Mediterranean. 

G. Bradbury to the Same at Appleby. 

1694, August 14. The Middle Temple. — Little business was 
expected this summer circuit, and those who attend your Lordship may 
likely feel some ill effects of the Paper Act, but I who stay at home 
find the benefit of it from your Lordship having afforded me so long a 

Complimentary. ** The Doctor who crossed the Alps to find the 
New Testament MS. in which the text * There are Three that bear 
record &c,* was not, did not make so lucky a discovery (it being in 


favour of the Unitarian heresy) as the other did who met with that M8S.o»8niW. 
cenYoration hook, which helped to make him an orthodox Dean. Sir 
Thomas Stanley against whom there was a warrant for High Treason, 
and \vho had boon searched for in the country, was apprehended on 
Friday last, j^oiiig by a wrong name, in Holborne ; but Colonel Parker 
is escnpcd out of the Tower. He was first missed on Sunday morning, 
his door being bolted on the inside. The matter was examined yester- 
day by tlje Privy Council, and referred to be examined by my Lord 
Chief Justice, who this afternoon has committed one Still to Newgate 
for High Treason, (the warder at whose house Parker was a prisoner). 

*' Sir Cloudesley Shovel on Friday last coming from Spithead with 
the English fioet into the Downes, found there a Sweede and a Dane 
men-ot-wiir. The Sweede struck sayle, but the Dane refused till after 
two single shots, each exchanged upon the other a broadside, by which 
«everal men on both sides were killed and wounded, and the Dane 

Letters came yesterday from Admiral Russell dateJl July 25 in Altea 
Bay near Alicant. 

He reports that the French fleet has gone out of Toulon. 

Sir John Lowthkr [of Lowther] to the Same. 

1G94, August 16. — Excusing himself from waiting upon him in 
person, and inviting him to pay him a visit as he leaves Carlisle. 

Lord Salisbury to the Same. 

1694, August 18.— Under the late Act he is oblired to obtain his 
consent to any lease of Salisbury House and garden and tenements &c. 
Is now making such a lease to one John Hodge and sends it herewith 
for his consent. 

S. Travers to the Same. 

1694, September 12. Tunbridge Wells. — " While your Lordship was 
on circuit a friend of mine recommended to my actjuaintance a very 
honest :ind learned gentleman. Dr. St. Clair, who for many years, till 
Mr. Boyle's death, had assisted that great man, not only in all his 
Philosophical and Mathematical experiihents, buti in preparing what he 
published on those subjects. AVhereupon I resolved to set aside an hour 
a day for two months to rub up my old notions, and see them reduced 
into practice by a course of chymistry. If your Lordship Iiad been in 
Town I would have consulted your Lordship before 1 prepared my 
cellar for that purpose, but I was so far from doubting your appro- 
bation, that I promised myself the honour of having your J-«ordship to 
see some of the more curious experiments, since it lay so conveniently 
for you, when the dispensation of justice and State aftairs would allow 
you leisure for such a diversion. But to my great surprise my servant, 
coming this day from London, tells me he hears your Lordship is not 
willing I should proceed. If at my coming to Town, which will be in 
two or three days, there remain any scruples with your Lordship which 
I cannot remove I will desist. But if, as I am apt to believe, your 
Lordship's name is only made use of by peevish humorists to divert me 
from my purpose, I shall not only insist upon my right of making what 
use I please of my lodgings, and of giving whom 1 please free access to 
them, but I will protect the Doctor from any impertinent trouble that 
they shall give him. Tis hard that the Temple, which allows free 
egress and regress to all the dregs of mankind, where perriwig makers, 
shoemakers, brandy sellers, and fruiterers, keep open shops, should make 
difficulty of suffering a Member of the Society to receive visits from one 

c 2 


MSB. oySibW. of the most learned una ingenious mathematicians and philosoph«ltti in 
FiTZHBBBBRT. England ; especially since among the known rules of the Society, the 
very staircase where the dispute lies, has for many years harboured 
wives, misses, and costermongers. But I am transported beyond the 
bounds that health prescribes to a water drinker, and that decency 
requires from one that writes to a person of your Lordship's character, 
and therefore I defer troubling you until I have the honour of waiting 
on you.*' 

William Painter to the Same. 

1694, October IB. — On the determination of the Exeter College case 
three of the Judges were for Dr. D. Bury, but Lord Chief Justice Holt 
concluded positively for the Visitor. He was of opinion that the Visitor 
has power to deprive a Rector, as you argued when you were counsel for 
the Visitor. The Visitor has brought a writ of error which will be 
before the Lords at the opening of the next Session. The Bishop of 
Exeter has directed me to inform you of this fact. 


The Duke op Bolton to the Same. 

1694, December 22. London. — Having been summoned to be with 
his Majesty on Monday I shall not go into the country at all, and wish 
to know when you can let me have the paper I gave you to-day. 

LofiD Keeper Somrbs to the Same. 

1694-5, March 1. — I mentioned Mr. Lechmere to the King last 
night, but find there is little hope as so many other applications have 
been made already. 

I also mentioned to him your notion how seasonable it would be to 
get an Act to dissolve the County Palatine of Lancaster. 

He is altogether of your opinion, and desires you to draw a short 
Act for that purpose. He hopes it will be quickly done, because the 
session being so far advanced, there is no time to be lost. 

Lord Lucas to the Same, at Kingston. 

1694-5, March 13. The House of Lords. — I would not write if I 
did not think it for the King's service. 

" I suppose there may be several men fitt for the service in goale now 
at Kingston. If your Lordship will be so kind as to let the bearer 
have them, I will give my word that they shall be sent abroad, and yon 
will very much oblige &c." 

G, Bradbury to the Same. 

1694-5, March 14. — "The mollifying words which your Lordship 
sees in the vote which passed on Tuesday last in the House of Commons 
against the Speaker, they connived at, and suffered him to slip in as he 
was putting the question. The next day he sent a letter (in cover to 
Mr. Goddrell) directed to the Honourable the House of Commons, that 
as he was dressing himself to go and attend his service there, he was 
taken with a violent fitt of the cholick, and he hoped he should be well 
to attend next day. Upon which they adjourned till the morrow. And 
this day he sent another letter that bis indisposition continued. There- 
upon the House proceeded to choose a Speaker, and there being a 
division, it was carried in a very full house fcr JiTr. Paul Foley against 
Sir Thomas Littleton, by thirty voices. The new Speaker is to be 
presented to the King to-morrow morning in the Lords' House ; after 


which it is generally eaid they will proceed further against the late mss. oi Sni "W. 

Speaker to commit him to the Tower, and many say to impeach him. Fitotbbxbi. 

There is a great eagerness among them to know where the secret 

service money of the East India Company has been disposed, and I 

hear it is intended to put a clause into the "Bill now depending for 

taking the public uccounts, to subject this new matter to the enquiry 

of tho3e commissioners." 

Francis Wyatt to the Same. 


1695, June 8. — I beg you will not hold the Assizes at Horsham for 
the small pox is now there, and as I hatre never had it I am afraid to 
wait upon you there. 

Anonymous to the Same. 

1695, June 24. — Self interest is the motive which sways our great 
men. The writer disapproves of hospitality to French fugitives when 
our own i>eople are suffering. 

W. Trumbull to the Same. 

1695, July 2. Whitehall. — Being informed that at a meeting of the 
Jacobites last Saturday night, they determined to try to have the trial 
of the late rioters put off, and boasted that they had slopped the mouths 
of three witnesses already, and hoped, if this delay could be obtained, to 
silence others, by showing them how former witnesses had suffered by ill ^ 
usage from the Government, thinks it his duty t^ send the information. 

Lord Keeper Somers to the Same. 

1695, November 13. — ** The King having commanded me to be at 
Kensington this morning, I am apt to think ho will speak to mo upon 
that subject which my Lord Shrewsbury, by his direction, recommended 
to your Lordship's and my consideraiion. 

" That makes me very desirous to see your Lordship before I went, 
and therefore if it be not inconvenient, I would hope your Lordship 
might take Powys House on your way, when you go abroad this 

Dr. Sherlock to the Same. 

1695, November 14. — Yesterday Mr. Gale came to acquaint me tliat 
your Lordship would excuse me from preaching for you next Sunday 
and had appointed him supposing it might be inconvenient to me to 
preach this term. I told him it was no inconvenience to me, and it was 
the same thing to mc whether I preach or not having provided a 
preacher for the Temple. But if you wish to hear him I am well 
pleased it should be so. 

Lord Keeper Somers to the Same. 

1695-6, January 25. Saturday.— -"The King at the earnest desire 
of the Bishops, has determined to publish something of the nature of the 
enclosed paper. He has directed me to desire your Lordship to alter it 
so as it ought to be, and if it be possible to return it to me before 
5 o'clock tomorrow in the evening. It seems to me that the latter part 
of it is not as it ought to be." 

There are some 25 lines of shorthand on the blank side containing a 
few plain words *• dissenter " " Trinity " " worship " «fcc. 


MSB. OP Sib w. Baron Powys to the Same. 

" — ' 1696, April 5. Exeter. — Wo ha\e been so full of business on this 
circuit I have hanlly had time to eat or sleep. But this your county o£ 
Devon does vastly surpasfs I he rest in business, and I do not think it 
possible to go heuce before next Friday though I came hero yesterday 

Great numbers of clippers and coiners are for trial. But I shall be 
very careful not to charge the King with more rewards than needs- 

In all my charges I Lave asserted the present Government with much 
boldness, and with I think good results, as I gather from their looks, 
and the numbers who signed the Association, and the loyal party ia 
every county have thanked me. 

I wrote to the Lonl Keeper about Cornwall, how untoward I found 
it, but I brought them to a somewhat better pass before I had done 
with them, i also find the county of Devon, as }ou said, just not one 
jot better than it should be. 

** I have here also promoted the House of Common» Address, and the 
High Sheriif, most of the Grand Jury, and njany of tlie Justices of 
Peace, have signed it. But Sir George Chidley, i^ir Peter Prideaux, 
Su* John Pool, and some others are forming a difierent thin<r, a kind of^ 
an empty Address without an Association. They shewed it to Sir Francis 
Drake, (who has .signed the other) and he unhappily shewed them the 
great absurdities and defects of theirs, whereupon they have somewhat 
amendid it. I chid him, and he is sorry for it, for the worse the better^ 
Yet it continues but a \ cry indifferent business, and I having declared 
thut I would not meddle with any but what was the same as the House 
of Commons, 1 hear they intend to have it presented by my Lord of 

"1 got Sir Francis Drake, and Colonel Waldron, to sit with me 
for an hour this evening, and 1 discoursed them fully about this 

** They tell me I have done a great deal of good both in this county 
and city, and have put spirit into the King William's friends, by my zeal 
and resolution.*' 

I have ordered two indictments to be drawn against one Henry 
Legasick, a known Jacobite, and an attorney of great business, especially 
among the Jacobites, for threatening those who would not drink King 
James' health. The Grand Jury found against him, and I sent for 
him into Court, and comniitted him, though he had four counsel and 
somei others that spake in his behalf. I persi^^ted and declared that I 
would certainly commit the greatest man in the county of whom I 
should have a like suspicion of being concerned in the late plot. This 
has startled the Jacobites hereabouts, and made much noise. But the 
more noise the better, and therefore I did it the more publickly. I have 
also had indicted some strangers who have spoken disrespectfully of the 
King, and intend when I sit again in the city on Tuesday next, to 
sentence them both to stand two market days in the pillory in this city, 
ajid be fin^d, and imprisoned. When I pronounce the sentence I wiU 
discant upon the necessity of the words "Rightful and lawful" in 
the Association. 

I have some matters of weight to be imparted to his Majesty, but not 
fit for a letter, relating to some things much amiss in the counties of 
Devon and Cornwall. 1 will tf 11 them to you and to the Lord Keeper. 
I have taken great care in all my charges to poiut out how careful the 
King and Parliament have been to establish a good coinage, which has 


been destroyed to ?ncb a degree by clippers and coinsrs, as to be more mss. opSnitr. 
injurious to us than tiie French war. That quantities of milled money Fitzhkbbbbt. 
are coined every week, and that the worst is passed. None of this 
money is here yet, but it will be dispersed gradually, and they must have 
patience, and stretch their credits for a Bhort time. 

" Yet really after all God gi-ant there be not some mischief with the 
common people, especially in these remote parti soon after the 4th of 
May ; and pray speak that some courses be speedily taken if possible 
to disperse the new money, for I doubt the old milled money, and 
clipped sixpences, and punched money, will not be sufficient to furnish 
for common nece^'saries, and people will not starve. Though I may 
say the Commonalty will venture it as far for this government as for 
any that ever was. I hear the Jacobites are in notable hopes that a 
sort of confusion will happen about the 4th of May for want of money, 
especially so near the King's going, and therefore the greater care must 
be taken. I am very glad the guineas are thus fallen <&c." 

Sir Francis Drake to the Same. 

1696, April 6. Exeter. — When I firdt came here I supposed wo 
should have made more of the Association, there seemed to be au almost 
universal inclination for ir. But one night we lost many having 
" notions put into them that Harrow on the Hill stood in a bottom, for 
that the word * Rightful ' was to break the Act of Settlement." More- 
over they couM not consent to the word * revenge.' " So nice are bomo 
of us grown since we hunted the poor fellows that followed the Duke of 
Monmouth, after the whole of the design was entirely defeated." 

This defection is owing to same of our leading churchmen. But we 
owe a million of thaoks to those who recommended our Judge to this 
station. By his brave resolution he has done much to save' our credit. 
The life of what we have done is mostly owing to him. 

There was a most abominable Grand Jury provided. In it many 
Non- Jurors, which the Judge having notice of discouraged that panel,, 
and we had a new one. 

Sir William Courteney has subscribed. Bu»; really the zeal and 
arguments of the Judge have had the greatest effect, and I guess the 
disafiected party will rule their toogues a little better for the future. 

We have among our refusing Deputy Lieutenants honest gentlemen. 
It is absolutely necessary there should be a new Commission. 

I shall not be sorry if the report that we are to have a new Lord 
Lieutenaiit is confirmed. This is a conjuncture such as cannot be hoped 
for again, and I hope it will be duly improved. 

I am almost ashamed to spoak of the condition of our militia. The 
commissions to the Colonels came last week, and they, under apprehen- 
sion of what may happen upon their not subscribing the Association^ 
are not likely to be xery active in settling their regiments. 

We are in but an indifferent condition to withstand any attempt if 
one should be made. ** The Sheriff too being such a contemptible old 
woofe, and the Under Sheriff no better affected than be ought I hate, 
my Lord, so much as to complain and now to be au accuser, but 
really we are too much out of order to be altogether silent." 

Loyal men ought to be suppoited, but the majority of the commissions 
go to those who hesitate to sign the Association. 

" Some, I must do them the right to think, wish well to the Govern- 
ment, but they are commencing to bVeak off from some that have 
heretofore governed them." 


uss. OF siB w. Archbishop Tenison to tLe Same. 

— ' 1696, April 12. Whitehall. — *• I think it a great misfortune to me 
that I cannot enjoy your good company this day at Lambeth, by reason 
of the long debate we are like to have in the House of Lords. The 
Thanksgiving day may be I presume a free day on all hands, and ther 
if it be convenient for your Lordship I shall be very glad to see you." 

Jeremiah White to the Same. 

1696, April 17. — Submitting a print from Sir B. Showers' brother 
for peruFa\ 

On the other side a quantity of shorthand. 

Lord Chief Justice Holt to the Same. 

1696, April or May. — " I entreat your favour in perusing the inclosed 
and to reforme the errors in it. 1 designed to have put it into the hands 
of my Brother Powall, to h;ive communicated it you, but I heare he is 
with your Lordship." 

Some shorthand folloios. 

James Vernon to the Same. 

16i)6, May 16. Whitehall. — By command of tho Lords Justices I 
write to ask your opinion upon the clause in tho late Act for the better 
security of the King's person relating to the security to be given by 
those who have come over from France since September last, for their 
departure out of the kingdom. 

The Same to the Same. 

1696, July 21. Whitehall. — The Lords Justices, being in daily 
expectation of letters from the King in relation to Sir J. Fen wick, 
wish to know if it would be very inconvenient to defer the trial till 
Monday, though Mr. Justice Rokeby should then be obliged to go out 
of Town. 

Sir J. Elwill to the Same. 

1696, July 22. Exeter. — Private business : "A great deal of sour- 
ness was shown by some of our neighbours the last sessions week, on 
the occasion of leaving out of the Lieutenancy some of their friends. 
Sir P. P. ; Sir J. Pie ; Sir W. Dke ; and Sir H. Ackl. ; were the 
murmurers, and concluded with a motion to Sir F. D. ; Sir William 
Davie ; my&elf, and others, to join in a letter to our Lord Lieutenant 
setting forth the work of the gentlemen left out, and desiring his 
Lordship to put. them into the Commission. The managers were Sir 
Wrlliam D[ra]ke and Sir H. A [eland], the rest supplyed fuel to 
maintain the flame. The persons left out were named Sir T. pmt 
(?), Sir Archi. Chester; John Gifford ; Francis Turfd; and Thomas 
Drew ; with Mr. Coffin. Unless these be put into the Commission it 
was said there would be feuds and animosities abounding amongst us, 
and they would be transmitted to posterity. It was added thaf these 
gentlemen had associated, or uould do so. Sir P. D., to whom the 
motions were directed, replyed that if any were left out, it was their 
own fault, in omitting voluntarily/ to associate at the Assizes, and that 
he could not but wonder at the pretended ill consequences of leaving out 
such men. Whereas not a thought could be entertained formerly of 
any inconvenience by neglecting Sir William Davie j^TSIr. Calmady; 


Mr. Harris ; Mr. Ar(siot r), gentlemen of £2000 or £^000 a year. Sir mss.oiSibW. 
H. A. in a heat replyed that it was a neglect . . then to passe by these FiTzmtMBBT. 
gentlemen. Shall we do the like now ? This was not satisfactory to 
Sir F. D. who told Sir J. Pie, that should never write in favour of 
such as dissuaded him and Sir P. P. from signing the Association at the 
Assizes. Whereupon Sir J. P. said, I see we cannot agree, let us have 
a couple of bottles to reconcile all. Which diverted the discourse and 
opened a way for us to separate." 

Afterwards there were some hot words between Sir F. D. on the 
Bench at the Castle, and Sir W. D[ra]ke. In the end each held their 
ground. Some men I find will go driven^ who cannot be led, 

^^ The Lord Lieutenant has a handle offered him to manage all the 
Tantivy men, by impowering some, and neglecting others who have 
most scandalously refused to give a necessary security to the Govern- 
ment in the day of distress. They may fret and foam until they see 
the little good they do thereby. In a short time they will compound, 
and be as flexible as any, in the opinion of your faithful eervant." 

The Same to the Same. 

1696, July 29. Exeter. — Private business. Some disaffected persons 
cannot conceal their joy arising from the separation made by Savoy. 

** The fleet lies in Torbay. The sight thereof doth not terrify the 
French capers who lye lurking on our coast, and take small vessels at 
the entrance of our harbours. It were to be wisht some very 
particular care were had to scour these seas of that destructive vermin." 

Admiral Russell to the Same. 

1696, August 3. Chippenham. — Is anxious to wait upon him at 
Cambridge Assizes. Supposes that Friday will be the first convenient 

[Sir J. Elwill] to the Same. 

1696, August 3. L . . ok. — Had had a very satisfactory conversa- 
tion of some hours with Sir William Courteney, who is zealous for the 

We expect good success in settling the militia both in the city and 

Our enemies offer a composition, viz. that tho$e who are left out of 
the Lieutenancy and have now signed be put in. 

The Lord Lieutenant has not thought fit to give any answer. It is 
affirmed that the Earl of Bath has given those gentlemen directions to 
get into their hands as much power as possible. 

Sir G. Ch. is insufferably insolent. If he is not dismissed the Bench I 
many will abstain from attendance for the sake of peace. 

Sir Miles Cook to the Same at Cambridge. 

1696, August 4. London. — News from abroad. 

" I heard Sir Stephen Fox tell the Archbishop of Canterbury, that the 
army in Flanders could get no money in Flanders (no not for subsistance 
money) but upon a rebate of nine shillings in the pound, which must 
needs disgust the army, and was cause enough for the hasty coming 
over of my Lord Portland to remedy so fatal a defect. He brought 
over with him one of the chiefe directours of the Bank of Amsterdam, 
who (upon the moral assurance I hope we have given him before he 


MSS. OP Sib w. went back again) will procure £200,000 from that bank, upon very 
PiTZHESBEBT. valuable consideration you may bo sure. My Lor»l Portland meets evety 
day with some of the Lords Justices Commissioners of the Treasury, 
and several of the rich money-minded men of the city, and they are 
laying their wise heads together to contribute something like the 
philosopher's stone, but with what success I cannot yet perfectly learne, 
though the lying posts seem very sanguine in the matter." 

The French are so posted that it is not likely there will be much 
fighting this summer. We shall do no more by land than we have 
done by sea, the burning of so many poor villages being but a small 
equivalent for the charges of a royal navy. 

The Same to the Same at Norwich. 

1696, Auo:ust 13. London. — You will like to have some news. 

This is likely to be the civilest campaign ever known; 400,000 
fighting men, and not one bloody nose, nor as much blood likely to be 
spent as was shed by Lord Jefferies in his summer campaign in the 

There is nothing but marching and counter-marching like a game at 
chess. . . " 

I am BQTvy my Lord Portland has not been moi'e successful. " He 
finds that oue thing more is needful besides the hearts of the people, 
and that is the philosopher's stone. Our bullion is almost melted dowa 
already, and the golden citizens padlock their guineas as they do their 
wives, so that men will as soon part with their teeth as their guineas. 
And this upon a foolish opinion that hath got into the heartes of the 
wisest of them, that the first thing the Parliament will doe when they 
meet, will be the heightning of guineas at least to 25s. the peece. But 
be that as it may, I cannot learne by my best enquiry that my Lord 
Portland hath as yet got together above £50,000, and that too of the 
Jews who have dealt like Jews in the matter, almost to the tune of- 20 
per cent." 

Thinking men believe this difficulty about money will produce a peace. 

" The royal fleet rides safe in Torbay bei;ig no wayes terrified with 
the vast number of French privateers that almost surround them." 

Baron Littleton Powys to the Same. 

1696, August 25. Henley near Ludlow. — There has been a great 
deal of business this circiiit, which seems to show that money is not bq 
scarce as is pretended. Throvghout the circuit [Hereford, Shrewsbury 
&c.] guineas and. milled moneys, but chiefly good broad hammered 
money, appeared in suflicient quantity to do the business, and the Welsh 
money was remarkably broad. " So that I ain fully convinced of the 
truth of the sentiments of my truly ingenious friends Mr. Clerk, and 
Mr. Lock, that there was left not only a good stock of passable money 
in the nation, but also that it would come out ns soon as the hopes of 
the going againe of dipt money was over. For that end I have in all 
my charges &c, endeavoured to convince the people of that false 
imagiimtion got amongst them (partly by malice, and partly by ignor- 
ance) that next Parliament will make dipt money to pass againe ; as 
also of another pernicioas opinicfn got amongst them that guineas ^U' 
also be raised as being of greater value than 22s., and (as they say) going 
for more in Ireland and Holland. But I believe I have convinced thetn 
that the par between gold and silver, now that we have milled mpnejL 
can never pei mit guineas to be higher, and that what happens in Itjioiaaq 
and Holland is merely from the fallacy of the return thither. 


" I have most industriously cheered up the people with the hopes of MSB. oi Snt W. 
money in plenty suddenly, not only in my charges, but also in my ^"^mmbbt. 
common discourse, and I am told with very good success. And I 
found by the countenances of my auditories that they were very much 
refreshed by the reasons I gave them, and letting them know how 
exceeding diligent the Lords Justices were about the matter. 

" Yet after all it must be confessed there is a great want of money, 
and this new coin does disperse very slowly, and it is a perfect novelty 
(especially in these remote parts) to the common people to get a little 
in their hands. I purposely took a good quantity of it out of Lcndon 
with me, and chiefly of shillings and sixpences, and did take care that 
all my middling and lesser sums should be paid in if. And 1 doe the 
like here at home, and the country people seem mightily pleased to 
receive forty or fifty shillings together, all in new money, and I mix 
them some of all sorts that they may show about that it is coming. 

^^ I hear there is a great arrear of Excise in Ludlow and other places 
for want of good money, and I know not how the taxes and other 
publick payments will be paid, imless the remains of the dipt money 
shall be taken. And yet that would have a fatal consequence, for it 
Cannot be taken in so suddainly but that all broad money that is now 
come out will be in danger of clipping. The mischief of the coin is 
greater upon us than that of the French war, but I hope the worst is 

*^ I did lately look into Oates' first naiTative, and there he says that 
the adulterating of our coin was one of the Popish contrivances against 

Thomas Blofeld, Alderman, to the Same. 

1696, August 25. Norwich. — ^An apology, with reasons, for his 
absence from the Court at Norwich. 
Fourteen lines oj shorthand follow. 

LoHD SoMEBS to the Same. 

1696, September 2. — ** I perceive we were all in a mistake yesterday, 
for in expectation of your Lordship we did not send for the Sheriff* to 
come in to us, so far M'ere we persuaded we should have spoken with 
your Lordship. I must acquaint you that the Lords Justices have a 
farther design of discourse witu you about Sir John Fenwick's trial, 
so that they will be very desirous of seeing you at their next meeting. 
But if it be so that you determine to go for Tunbridge, I will acquaint 
them on Thursday with the contents of your letter, and will make the 
best excuse I can.'* 

Sir Miles Cooke to the Same. 

1696, September 8. London. — It has been reported that the King 
of France is dead. But I have pointed out to people that that is 
impossible for that persons of that magnitude are always complimented 
•with a comet before their exit, or they are can-ied away in a whirlwind 
as Oliver Cromwell and Elijah were. The negociations for peace go 
on, very much forwarded by the King of France's illness. The mercers 
and ladies are much displeased that the Court will go into mourning 
this winter for the Queen of Spain. 

News from abroad* 

Baron Littleton Powys to the Same at Tunbridge. 

i696, September 16. Henley.— Suggesting his owb transfer to the 
Common Pleas inf the place of Judge Powell deceased^ and asking for 
his recommendation. 


"fKISeT: !'• Holt to tbc Same. 

"^ 1696, September 16. — Sends an enclosure from his brother and begs 

for a continuance of his interest for an office which the King has 
written to say he will not dispose of until his return. 

J. Vernon to the Same. 

1696, September 18. — The Lords are unwilling to interrupt his use 
of the waters but must summon him to attend the arraignment of Sir 
John Fen wick on Wednesday next. 

Within the letter there are 10 or 11 lines of shorthand. 

Sir J. Combe to the Same. 

1696, October 6, Daventry. — Has benefitted by the waters at Astrop. 
fiecommends Mr. Wright of Oxford to be the successor of the Eecorder 
of Chester if he is promoted to Westminster. 

Mr. Hooke has in his own right a higher station. 

Secretary Trumball to the Same. 

1696, November 2. Whitehall. — Your attendance is required by his 
Majesty at Kensington at six o'clock this evening precisely. 
Endorsed^ Sir J. Fenwick. 
1696, November 2. — Three sides of shorthand. 
Endorsed^ Sir J. Fenwick. 

Lord Keeper Somers to the Same. 

1696, December 5. — " I return Mr. Petit's collection. I did also 
persuade Mr. Attorne}' to send to him for his assistance, that he might 
have some advantage for his pains. Mr. Attorney has as I understand 
pitched upon Mr. Pratt for one who is to be of council at the Lords' 
bar. I know your Lordship has a favour for him, and therefore I hope 
you will send for him and advise him what he is to say, and how he is 
to manage himself in that place. It may be a very happy opportunity 
for him if he recovers as much credit to the King's Council in the House 
of Lords as they lost in the House of Commons. I do not know who 
else is to attend as council." 

Baron Powys to the Same. 

1696-7, January 10. — y^ill attend him at the House on Tuesday, for 
I suppose that business will be put off till then. 

Mr. Harcourt may be back from Oxford by tomorrow evening, if 
summoned last evening. 

John Sharp, Archbishop of York, to the Same. 

1696-7, February 20. Bishopsthorp. — Lady Abdy widow of Sir 
John Abdy of Essex is prosecuting a maid of hers for setting fire to 
some outhouses. She then thought that if convicted the girl would be 
executed, and she was for letting the prosecution fall though she should 
pay the forfeiture. 

I advised her to let the law take its course and then apply to the 
Judge for the favour of transportation, if he found the woman an object 
of compassion. 

As you were the Judge I am obliged in accordance with my promise 
to trouble you with a request that you will see the lady. 


Mabtyn Ryder to the Same. ^lizraMBM* 

1696-7, March 16. The Middle Temple.— * The trouble of this is — 

occasioned by the proceedings of the House of Commons this day upon 
the Bill against selling of offices. My information says when the debate - 
came on Mr. Attorney General offered the like proviso for the offices of 
the Court of Chancery as was for my Lords the Judges which was 
att . . . . received. Then another like proviso was offered on 
behalf of the City of London. And then (jocularly) for all the Cities 
and Corporations, which their representatives said they thought they 
were obliged to offer for such as chose them. Then the debate growing 
more warm, ii was by another sort of men thought the Bill was over- 
charged, and then the question being putt, whether all the provisos 
should be allowed, it was carried without a division that none at all 
should be passed, not even that which the Lords' House had added as a 
salvo to your Lordships. Mr. Attorney (as Mr. Petitt tells me who 
spake with . . . this evening) says that Mr. Attur (?) thought it 
would occasion the losse of the whole Bill. But your Lordship knows 
that depends on the resolution of the Lords wheiher they will adhere to 
the proviso for the Judges, and therefore I thought it my duty to inform 
your Lordship what I could learn, to the intent that you might (if 
thought expedient) write to some Lords on the subject, or take what 
other course you think proper." Some pencil shorthand notes. 

The DoKE OP Norfolk to the Same. 

1696-7, March 2L — To draw his attention to a case of jury pucking 
in thejcsise of Lord Walden, which is to be tried at the Sussex Assizes. 

The case was adjourned by Judge Eyres for this reason, and now the 
very same jury has been chosen. 

Lord Chancellor Somers to the Same. 

1697, April 23. — ** I wish I might know by a line from your Lordship 
whether you think it most for the King's service that the vacancy 
should be filled (of which mind the King seems to be but not with any 
positiveness), and if so my next request is that you would send mee the 
name of the person. I am to acquaint }ou that, if at all this time, it 
must be done this night, because the King proposes to be going early 

**I could not learn my Lord Chief Justice Holt's mind clearly in this 
busines the first day of term." 

Viscount Lonsdale to the Same. 

1697, May 3. — To represent the hardships inflicted upon ignorant 
country people by grasping attornies. A poor tenant had been t-ued in 
the county court for £4 by splitting it into two or three actions. The 
defendant was willing to appear and had one of these men for his 
counsel. The plaintiff recovers. The process is executed. Then 
comes Mounsey the Attorney offers to manage this suit at his own cost, 
and prosecute the bailiff for executing a process in a case wherein the 
court had no jurisdiction, and thus they make a prey of ignorant 
country men. 

John Williams, Bishop of Chichester, to the Same. 

1697, June 11. Chichester. — Would be as lenient as possible in the 
pitiable case of Mr. Kothurl against whom a bill of non-residence was 


M89.obSibW. Baron Powys to the Samk. 

FiraratBBBT; jgg.^^ October 1. Henlev.— Pressing for his promotion in Chief 
Justice Trebj's Court. 

Samuel Eolle to the Same. 

1697, October 9. Pittletoune.-^Enclosing a request from the Justices 
of Salisbury for his opinion whether Mr. Clark, hjiving b6en found 
guilty of manslaughter, may be bailed. 

Francis Cater, Mayor of Coventry to the Same 

1697, November 8. Coventry. — At the last Assizes you were pleased 
to take notice of the alterations in the Town Hall which is now one of 
the best in England, and to encourage us to expect a levy on the county 
to pay for it. A discontented set of disloyal men, who were ousted from 
power in a trial at the King's Bench last Easter, now oppose the levy. 
Pray advise the bearer Mr, Fulwood, our steward, how we should 

Sir F. Drake to the Same. 

1697, November 11, — To consult him about Mr. Berry's candidature 
for the office of Town Clerk for Plymouth. 

** Our high blades of the clergy are very wroth and uneasy, and 
will be sure to do all the mischief they can. The Church is in 
utmost danger they say, not only from the dissenters but from some great 
men which are not Christians. The name of one of them (he is now 
going a great embassy) I have learnt. They are very hot indeed, but 
I have broke pretty much their measures hereabouts, and am apt to 
believe it is no difficult thing to make them a little cooler." 

W. Penn to [the Same]. 

1697, November 22. Worminghurst. — *' Worthy friend. The time 
drawing on to recommend the gentleman in whose favour I solicited 
thy kindness and interest, [presume to remember thee in his behalfe, 
and most earnestly to begg that it would please thee to make it thy 
positive request, being first noe great thing, nor without example ; next 
that it is giveing a young gentleuian birth into the world, and that will 
sincerely and virtuously use the favour. I know very well to whom I 
write, one that knows the use and abuse of forms ; mercy is better than 
sacrifice ; and the Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the 
Sabbath ; much better may I say that forms are made for men, not men 
for forms; and certainly they should not be put in the scale against 
ingenuity and industry for bread. I will add that Sir F. Winnington 
assured me at parting he would give his assistance, tho' he said thy 
request was enough, if made heartily for him. I begg this freedom may 
not lessen thy good opinion of him that is with a long acquaintance, and 
reall esteem, thy obliged and faithfull friend. 

R. Grainge to the Same at Maidstone. 

1697-8, March 22. — The Dean of York's judgment has been reversed 
by t^e Lords, *< without any debate in the House after counsel heard, 
but immediateiy a general cry reverse, reverse." 

Lord Hatton to the Same. 

1698, April 26. Kirby. — Desiring him to stay proceedings in the 
case of Mrs. Ann Jeffreyes, a prisoner for debt until he can give fuU 
information about her. 


J. LocKK to the Same. MSS. oi Sm w. 

1698, Maj 17. Gates. — You pour favours upon me >vilhout my — ^ 

asking. I had thought of stopping you on the high way, according to 
the privilege you allow me, when you passed this way the last Assizes, 
and to make a petition to you for my cousin King, a student of the 
Middle Temple, but my health has prevented it. 

My cousin has informed me how good you have been to him, and I 
am not less obliged to you than he is. 

Lord Chancellob Somers to the Sa^ie. 

1698, July 13. — " I told the King of the ques[tion] your Lordship had 
a mind to have answered, and he commands me to say he thanks you, 
and if he may have the determination of that matter he would rather 
the person should not be chosen.' 

John Pollexfen to the Same. 

-1698-9, January 13. — Hccommending Mr. John Dav}*, a rich mer- 
chant of Bideford, for the office of Sheriff in the place of Mr. Luttrell 
who cannot afford it. 

W. Penn to the Same. 

1699, February 20. Worminghurst. — "Worthy and old friend. 
I must vsnture to recommend Sir R. Cullen's brother in Jaw to thy 
favour, who has I hope outlived the objection against his being accepted 
as I requested two years ago, haveing been of the house ever since, as 
thou wert pleased to advise, in order to facililatn; and give a better 
pretence for the favour of comeing to the barr. I must add that a new 
Judge is very warm upon us, I know not why, and upon me very 
reflecting, which is I think below his place. I hear he is very much 
thy servant and has reason for it, I beg he may be toftened by thy 
larger mind, and better conversation. Pardon this freedom from an old 
and true and respectful friend." 

R. Yard to the Same. 

1699, August 18. Whitehall. — By the command of the Lords Justices 
I am to desire you to be present to perform the office of Speaker of the 
House of Lords, at the prorogation on Thursday the 29th inst. 

In another letter of August 21, it is said that Lord Chief Justice 
Molt will wider lake this duty. 

The Duke of Norfolk to the Same. 

1699, November 14. — My uncle, Mr. Esm6 Howard, now a prisoner 
in the Fleet by some mistake has not obtained the benefit of the Act 
to which he is entitled. I have a great deal of reason to believe he 
intends to be just to his creditors, and I recommend him to your 
goodness so far as the law will allow. 

Lord Chancellor Somers to the Same. 

• 1699-1700, February 5.—" The life of the Recorder is despaired of. 
I take the liberty to put your Lordship in mind that it is of great con- 
sequence he should have a good successor, and that nobody can contribute 
so much to effect it as your Lordship." 


^"SjS;U5,^J- TJ^« S^^-^ t« tl»« Same. 


1699-1700, Februaiy 22. — **Mr. Lacy lias applied to me to stop tbo 
Writ of Error as not lying in the case, and his and the Bishop's counsel 
are to be heard this afternoon. I doubt I cannot so properly have your 
assistance in Court because you are now acting as a delegate in the 
cause, but I beg your advice and opinion what is proper for mee to do in 
this matter 

If you do not come to the House I hope you will write me a line 
before the afternoon. 

I am to desire you to consider the point which my Lord Jersey 
mentioned to you. that so you may be ready to speak to it tomorrow 
if there be occasion." 

Chief Jl'stick Holt to the Same. 

1699-1700, February 23. — "The Lord Chancellor desires your Lord- 
ship to be at the House of Lords this day, and if your Lordship can I 
may have a little conference beforehand. Therefore if your Lordship 
will be pleased to step up to my chamber as you go to your own you 
will oblige &c." 

Lord Chancellob Somers to the Same. 

1699-1700, March 10. Sunday night — ** If it were poss^ible for mee 
to speak a fe »v words with your Lordship tomorrow morning about a 
thing which >\ ill come on in the House of Lords about the Bishop of 
St. David's I should be very glad. I do not know how practicable this is 
because of your going out of Town, and therefore 1 submit it wholly to 

Martyn Ryder to the Same. 

1700, August 23. Exeter. " I came hither last night and found the 
Judge trying our Dartmouth cause. It lasted from 2 to 9 o'clock, and 
then the Jury was sent out, but with harsh directions as Sir W. Y., 
and Sir John K., and Mr. D., told me. And being willing to know 
more, and that from the lawyers, I went this morning, while the Jury 
was at the Crown Bar, to Mr. Pratt in the same, and other like com- 
pany, and he toll rae in general that he never heard such law in his 

The case is about the Corporation and its constitution, . p, L ^>^ 

The Same to the Same. >^ 

1700, September 6. Tavistock. — I was at Plymo uth last Tuesday, 
and invited my brethren the Aldermen to dine with me. They were 
very well pleased with my company and my treat which cost me five 

They unanimously agreed, being well satisfied with them, and in 
accordance with your recommendation, to choose the same burgesses 
again. They would not choose the Mayor this year, they said, for that 
might be a rub to my election. 

Mr. Alden is to be the new Alderman. 

[A long letter full of details of his dealings with the Aldennen so a$ 
to preserve his Lordship^ s interest.'] 

Thomas Gibbon to the Same. 

1700, September 25. — Renews his application in spite of the advice 
in answer to his former letter. 

Martyn Ryder to the Same. ^^??'!^wS»b^^rt 

1700, September 27. Goodmeavj. — A long letter chiefly upon 
private business, 

I canuot but smile at Thomas Gibbon's wish to be a Serjeant. 

It is something unusual too that R. Tracy should come from. Ireland 
as a qualification for a Judge in England. 

The Recorder of Grantham would fain %have a 'coif. He is a 
gentleman of £1000 a year, and keeps his coach, and would grace the 


Humphrey Pero: to/liADY Treby) Hatton Garden. 

(M715^ July 13?) Stafford. — Advice upon private business. 

vVe have had great tumults in this county. The Wolverhampton 
Meeting House was pulled down by the mob on June 29, on the fair day 
there. The cause of the i-ising was this. Mr. Gros : and some other 
gentlemen in a publick house there heard some men in another room 
singing some old seditious song, and sent to desire them to stop. They 
refused, upon which Mr. Gr : committed one of them to a constable 
who put hijp. in the crib or stone-house. Whereupon the mob rescued 
him, knocked down Mr. Gr :, though he ran one or two of them through 
the body, and then went to the Meeting House. There has been a 
similar riot at Stafford, in which the country people joined, and also at 
Stone and Walsall. 

The Sheriff has been called upon to raise the posse. 


[Letters, &c. seized in Coleman's House, and Depositions, &c. 
used against him and the lords, &c.] 

[^Twenty origiyial letters 1674, Oct. 19, to 1675, May 1, some 
altogether and some partially written with sympathetic inkS\ 

[.?SiR W. Throckmorton to E. Coleman.] 

1674, October 19. — "I agree with you that the only meanes to win 
the Kinge to the Duke's interest, and to take him off interely from the 
friendshipp of the Parliament, would be money, for the reasons you 
alleage in your last letter of the 2d instant, which I have just now 
receaved. But the meanes necessary to continue it are so excessive 
that, even according to your own opinion, and the discourse we had 
when you was here, what the Pope could contribute would be nothing 
in comparison of what is needed, and in the obligation he hath also to 
assist other friends who are in greater straites. I likewise doubt 
whether the Pope would resolve upon what you propound, considering 
the little stress can be laid upon the King's will, it being to bo feared 
that all imployed that way would soone be lost, without any advantage 
to the Duke or his associates, which we have reason to feare from his 
ordinary manner of proceeding. It would therefore be necessary in my 
opinion to have at least some probable assurances that we might imploy 

for the advantage of the Catholiques and 1 40 what otherwise 

we are obliged frugally to manage for them in other partes, before the 
proposition be made to the Pope, which is not to be undertaken in soe 
general and obscure termes as you propound it. For what reraaiues 

E 64159. D 


3^ opto w. the Nuncio is on the point of going to Rome, having already leave to 
iT&mBXBT. j.g^pne. The negociation of the businesse you propound will belong to 
his successor, but he will retain the same passion which he had for the 
Duke's service, as well at the Emperour's Court as at.. the Pope's, If 
he shall have any part in the affaires of England he will not faile to 
informe you more particularly of his departure. I pray you assure the 
Duke of what I have told you." 

<* Translated by Sir Humphiy (Winch ?)." 


[Sir W. Throckmorton to .... .] 

[1674], November 28. Paris. " / did at last deare Govemour after 
many traverses get well to this place on Sunday morning ahout ^ a clock. 

1 had my old torture at sea again 2 dayes and nights, I emharqued 
at Rye the same night I came thither and could not get a ship under 
£S there being indeed but that one in harbor which was to carry nie 
to Diepe, but the wifids weare, and I think ever since have beenyso 
contrary that I beleeve shee could not have performed her voyage by 
this time, I put my self e in at last into a fisher boat and so by force of 
oares landed on Friday in the afternoon where I beleeve never noe 
gentleman before landed, and so on foot and on asses and animals 
they called horses we got to St, Vdlery, and so to Abbeville^ and thence 
poste to Paris with onely three halfe crownes in my pocket. They 
weare very strickt in searching at St, Valery, my wtfe^s smoks have 
gon to wrackf the little bundles of your other f rinds I hid and so savedf 
but tJie great box there was no such dealing with, I told them it was 
se7it me by the Lady of the Duchesse her bedchamber, and that perhaps 
it was sumthing sent by her Highness to her Mother, but all would not 
serve. So at last I prevailed with them not to open it and that I would 
leave it there till we got an order from luence for it. This I thought 
was the best for if they had opened it it had certainly been lost, I have 
been twice to see the Resident but he wets at St. Germans, as soon as 
we can ineet we will contrive what can be done. I found my gentle- 
woman heer almost as bare of money as my self e, I have therefore been 
forced to draw a bill of £100 upon Mr. Mawson at halfe usance^ 
another tiine you shall have longer warning for the payment, but nam 
coming just out of England I was ashamed to doe it. You doe not 
expect any newse yet from a man or that one ha^s seen anybody, Mr. 
de Rohan and Mr. de Villars weare yesterday beheaded, their crimes 
are not said to be so heinous heer as we were tould in EnglaruL My 
Lady is so peart that I can not beleeve she was ill. She is very muck 
your and yo2ir Lady^s humble servant. T hope I need not say so for 
my self e, for Tm sure you must either beleeve me so or the ungrateful lest 
wretch alive, 

\_See Note in the middle of the next letter^ 

" I went on Munday to visit 6 (Mons. Pompone) at his master's house 
and had sum discourse with him with which he seemed much sattisfyed, 
but being interrapted there by busines he tould me he would cum next 
morning hither by eight a clock and so did and we weare locked up 

2 howers togeather, where I made him such a discourse, and gave him 
so exact an account of the state of all things that I think truly I never 
seed man better sattisfyed in my life, and hee tould mee that he would 
rather in anything have me speake with 8 (the Fr. King) my self e, for 
that it was impossible to carry all the perticulars so exactly in his head 
as I did, but that it would be difficult to contrive it as it ought to be 
with privacy. I had a paper in my pocket which had all the heads of 
my discourse in it, which I had wrot in French to facilitate my dis- 


course a little, for you can not imagine it is alltogeather so familiar to me MSS^ps 9ib yf,, 
as mv owne language, which I pulled out and shewed him, he was ^"««J]^**''* 
extremely pleased with it, and tould ma if I durst trust him him 
with it hee gave me his honoui' noe man living should see it but 8 (the 
K^ of France), and that he wo\ild on Thursday return it mee. I tould . 
him .with all my heart, but as they weare only my perticular thoughts 
and observations, and such as I considered (indistinct) he should give 
(indistinct) to them or me as I was. He replyed such things as I 
spoke must all wayes be cre[di]ted, for that though t tould them things 
they knew not before and went faither to the bottum, yet by all other 
circumstances they knew it was true, and that besides I must not count 
myselfe unknown to 8 (the Fr. King) or him, and so complimented mee. 
In fine hee tould mee he see the danger as well as I, mais quelle 
remede, I tould him to that as you may gues and that then I durst 
answer it with my head to secure them, but that there was noe mincing 
but they must absolutely trust A (the Buke), hee said there was noe 
diificulty in that but that I knew hee could say noething positive of 
himselfe, but that when he returned roe my paper he made noe que8ti<»v 
but he should give me an other with it such as I could wish. He was 
very inquisitive how A (the Duke) was disposed about his daughter. 
I think they are sufficiently informed of and incensed against S (Lord 
Arlington) and for the discourse of underhand intelligence with B (the 
Hollanders) he swore it was false, hee asshured mee too that hee was 
now fully sattisfyed that it was A (the Duke) and onely hee and not S 
(Lord Arlington) had lately donn F (the Parliament) bu sines as much 
of it as was donn ; in short I hope we are where we could wish." 
Endorsed November 28, 74. and a few signs, 

[Sir W. Throckmorton to ] 

[ 1674], December 1. Paris. — ** / gave you last post an accompt of my 
jorny and what this post to say to you I know not, and yet Fin sure 
you expect I should write to you, I have been at Courts and fancy 
that all merCs minds there are much bent for peace, of which they 
conceave great hopes by the acceptation of our mediation, and weare it 
not for my Lord Arlington's jorny into ffoll[and'\ and the match 
between the P[rt«ce] and our young lady, which generally is talked of 
as an affaire fait, I thinke they could shew gaye countenances enough. 
This is my observation of the Courts in generalL of their statesmen 
and ministers you will not desire, knowing how little I am able to pry 
into them, to give you my thoughts, though I must tell you I have 
been to visit Mr, Le Pompone and most of the others, but I suppose 
you will gv£s right that that was more out of vanity to shew the world 
that I was knowne to such persons, than out of hopes to make any 
advantage by my visits. J have been to visit my Lady Shrewsbury, to 
whom Mr. Serjant is now Confessor, all I can say of that busines is 
that she makes strong resolutions, and he has great faith. Pray 
ashure your Lady that my wife and I am her humble servants, and 
salute all the rest for me who you thinke should be pleased with a 
brotherly kis," 

[ The above is the first page of the letter in dark distinct ink. 
The next three pages are in the safne hand and the same light 
brown ink as the interlineations of other letters,^ 

. . [^an illegible figurel " (Mr. Pompone) returned me my paper 
againe yesterday and told me 8 (French King) had been and was 

D 2 


^FmHEEBEBT* ^^^^emely sattisfied with it, that noething pleased him more than the 
— ' assurance I thereby gave him of my confidence, that A : [the Duke] 
was resolved to continue his kind purposes to him, that he desired me 
that I would [asjhure A: (the Duke) that noething should tume 
him from his towar[duess] him, and that he should not re Joyce in 
any.thing more than to be able to help him to bee or to se ' . . . him 
by any meanes chiefe tutor for our company for that he very well knew 
that noething but that could secure [so far all is underlined in 
black ink~\ his owne stake there what therefore his sentiments of S 

(Lord Arlington) weare we might gues and how gladly we-s ho a l4 (sic) . 
he should see him disposed of as we desire, but that he thought his- 
medling in it would rather hinder than advance [the dejsigne. 
However that he was willing to receave directions from A : (the Duke) 
in it, and that he should allwayes be reddy to joyne and work with him 
in any desigue he should judge for the good of the comon trade that as 

for the G (?) to be he judged it ad [4 or 5 words^ 

illegible^ wrecke (?) but that the feare being yet pretty far of and the 
P . . — R (Spaine, the Emperor, Holland) haveing chosen X (the 
King) for the umpire of the [dif]ference between them and him, he 
thinks he may stay a little in that part (?) till he hears from X (the 
King) upon his umpirage and see what course he intends to take for it, 
but that he absolutely relyed upon A : (the Duke) for the chusing of 
proper sides] men] in that busines, for that he put his only confidence 
in him for it. He tould me moreover that 8 (French King)* would 
gladJy have write to A ; (the Duke) but for [fear] of accidents which 
might turne it to bothe their disadvantages, but that as he absolutely 
beleeved the accompt I gave him of the company and trade, and A : 
(the Duke) his great affection to him, though 1 had no order from A : 
(the Duke) for it because he very well knew how I was concerned for 

him, so he hop T put y confidence 

in this that I tould him from his part I tould him that all this was very 

true but for all that to . . . . working for 

G (?) might be dangerous and that therefore I desired him to have 
8 (the French King) to consider .... againe, that for my parte 
hee see T was an unemployed person in it and had noe other desire 
but their good as they weare comon traders, but that by what an right 
I had in the trade I thought they aught to loose noe time and to hazzard 
little accidents for soe great a good, for that at this rate of 3rd hand 
talking they would never [under] stand one another or effect anything, 
and though they .... me great honour to offer [me] soe much 
trust upon my private credit that ... by that meanes and general 
talke they .... [ne]ver be able to carry on trade roundly; 
w . . parted then with this after . . . discourse and many 
arguments that he would again propose [2 or 3 words illegible'] and 
that he thought my reasons weare soe convincing and kynd .... 
that he doupted not but 8 (the French King) would eyther [4 or 5 
words illegible'] to write and that in 4 or 5 dayes I should heare from 

him Pray direct your letter A . . . M[ercier] 

au coine de la rue St. Benoit Fauxbourg St. Ge[rmaine] [a line 
illegible] the sum for you [a line illegible] I could of my . . nd 
heer and . . . others make halfe an O (50 m . .) try you what 
you [can] [3 or 4 words illegible] in case 8 should be backward 
in that part and that that ingredient shoilld be requisite to carry on 
the work." 

Endorsed ** December 1674 " and some shorthand notes. 


[Sir W. Throckmobton to E. Coleman.] ^mraRMRr' 

[1674,] Decembers. Paris. — ^^ Your Thursday's packet. came y ester- 
day^ though I have noe letters perhaps they are not delivered all out * 
yet and so I may have tfiem anon. Your Munday's is not arrived^ 

yet indeed we have had such boisterous 

expect any certainty in them. The Ambassador whoe had his last 
night tells me there is not one word of newse from your side, and truly 
I think we can be quits with you, for though J was at St. Jermains 
yesterday I know not what in the world to tell you except you can be 
delighted to heare brave storys of the galantry that is to be there at 
Christmas, a new opera, maske, [pa~\rades, and God knows what not. 
The Germans repassing the Rhine which I tould you in my last we 
had a hot story of, but yet I saw noe great reason for it proved indeed 
but a story, though it be true too sum regiments of hors and dragoons 
did pass it, but it is not to retire but to incomode ij not block up Brisack 
on the side of the river. Brother Joseph is goeing back to-morrow to 
Antwerp, I must beg you to present my humble service to your Lady^ 
and to whom else you think would care to receave it and I care to give 
it to. As to yourself I hope there remains nothing now to be said upon 
that score, 

\^See note in the middle of the last letter.^ 

^^ I spoke with 6 (Pompone) again of whom I had almost the same 
story I gave you in my former, but that . . . ly had not had 
opportunity to speake to 8 (French King) yet about his writing . . . 
« . . but that hee .... and much . . that, they seem to 

wonder much they heer noething from X (the King) yet upon this late 
busines ....... heer has had yet noe manner of orders 

but it concerns them as themselves say to have A : (the Duke) their 
frend in this busines, but yet I begin to doupt they would willingly 
engage him to be so through the reason of his own interest and as many 
fair words and what else you please but pens, and that that is the 
reason .... wave writing yet for feare of comeing to close 

dealing, that is F (the Parliament) is yet far off and they think can not 
possibly com to joyne till the spring, if in the meane time by A : (the 
Duke) his heartines for them which as I said -they think his owne 
enterest and their great expressions of kindnes will engage him too, 
they can get a good accomodation and regulation among all the 
desenting . . . . rs they have their ayme if not they think the 

same price will doe 4 months hence as well to stop them as now though 
they are infinitely mistaken [as I tell you ?] all I can for to keep that 
interest on foot against against them will certainly be the great • 
. . . . perhaps the only meanes them of com- 
passing what they so much desire 

. . . reddy money you know . . a heard thing especially to mer- 
chands, if you can think of anything more for me to say upon this score 
pray write it a freash that I may shew it them, that is what you think 
that they should see, for 6 (Pompone) desired me that I would let him 
know when I heard anything, but if I heer noething from you . [T] . 
think it is the best way to lett him alone a little, perhaps it may make 
the forwarder, especially if < (Swead) and R (Holland) coui*te X (the 
King) so much to draw him the won way and the other the contrary as 
I heer they doe, and if A : will but play that game cunningly he may 
<;ertainly bring 8 (French King) to what he pleases, then (?) I must 
^onfes I would rather have him have 00 (£200,000) of K : (the catho- 
liques) than 000 (£300,000) of 8 (the F King) that is to get G (Parlia- 
ment dissolved) for that would shew 8 (French King) what A: (the D) 


^fSriniiBBEiiT!^* ^*^ *^^ would make him much more helpful and complai[sant] to him. 

— But heer is .the worck you'll say aod I must confes it is such a one too 

as takes up my thoughts night and day, and I would have L (Coleman) 

think of it too for it would bee a great work as it is a difficult one and 

perhaps it is an absolute necessary one. I shall in a little time let yod 

know somewhat certain from but I beliere I maj 

venture to promise half e a (hundred thousand pounds) from hence aue 
:a (£100,000) on your side might be compased. The man I soe ott^ 
spoke to you of in their busines is the best man in the world .hee 
swearing it shall not stick at all hia stake but A : (the D|^e) sha^ ji^ 

[ The passages from , . , 

" F is yet far off'* to " stop them as now " ; ,^ 

" if A : will best play '* to *^ complaisant to him " ; 
"I may venture to promise " to the end, 
are underlined in black ink], 
\Endorsed] ** December 8, 1674," and a few shorthand- fnarht. 

', .' j\ 

• r 

ic,i .'• 

[Sib W. Thbockmobton to E. Colehan], 

[1674], December 15. Paris. — 
*' 6 Came to town last night but I am of opinion still 
We have have had 3 pacquets cam in within these 2 dayes^ 
which have brought the three of your letters for all . 
which I am very thankfull to you, I wonder much 
you should not have receaved my firsts I put it under 
cover of one from my wife to your nurse it is there 
that I ought not to [sp]eak to him again till I hear • . . 
you must be pleased to enquire for it. I never . • 
from L (Coleman) and that for many reasons drawne both [frjom 
mist you poste yet since I came but last, and then 
L : his'owne letter from observation of things heer 
/ had so little to say, especially Mr, Bernard being . i 

and from discourse which I bad lately on the Exchange 
very importunate to have his seat, that I thought my wife ..\^ 

with X (the King of England) bis factor heer ; he is certainly one ofthe 
might serve for covert as well as mine having a little 
shrewdest dealing men that I know, and that makes me 
busines too that called me owt, I could make you the same. 
extremely close with him, pretending great ignorance 
excuse now for want of matter but that I fear e you - .i 

in all sort of comerce, but for all that his good . . \t(yrn ojff'] /: 

should suspect it weare rather lazines ifl.,,.,, . , 

me, as he would have me believe it, th . . . [torn off] ■ ■ \ 

you twice togeather, you shall therefore w . . . „ 

turally from him, that we are never [torn off] 

be pleased' to know that J know noething at ....,,. 

is as after as he can contrive it, he .... [torn off] 

sober earnest wee have heard noething . . . . „ 

: . ite of himselfe to dine with me which is a freedom 

of at least, Jrom Mr, Turenne since wee have been tould 

you know not usually taken by Merchands, and .]'. 

that he is marched with near 15000 foot and 12000 horse with 

upon all little occasions . . . ting me, but he enters with 

a full-purpose to beat the Germans back over the Rhine 

with great seeming confidence and freedom into a dis- 

this is a pretty brisque enterpristy and the newes will be of 




course of the moste mieterious points of our trade ^^aM»MM* 

great consequence eytlier for peace or war, perhaps — 

now what his desire in this may be God knows 
this is an observation you might make in Eng[land\ as 
but I'm sure if it be to pump me he shall it 
well as I heer; I will therefore say noe more hut 
for I never discover more knowledge of anything than 
that I am your Ladys most humble servant 
a man of my converse in the world and general (?) 
which he is well acquainted with must have . . . tainly be thought 
to have ; or perhaps it may be that by that ould frendship I have had 
with L (Coleman) he may thinke to secure him by mee and so if trade 
goes naught on the other side, for you remember how C and D (Lord 
Berkeley and Sir £. Lay ton) have all way es spoke of his behaviour 
between Z and S (D. Lauderdale and Lord Arlington) and how he 
they say have attached himself to the later, ingratiate himself at last 
with A : or perhaps he may have a reall intention of serving A : this 
if you please in charity and generosity we will believe but in pru- 
dence we will not trust too, and therefore [I] continue the same 
ignoramus, and the more full he is in his prayses of A : and in 
discourses of ... X and Z and U (the King, D. Lauderdale, 
Lord Trevor) [the less] I eyther know [of their] concerns or any- 
thing else. Often we talke of 8 and 1 (French King, M ons. Louvoy) 
and 2 or 3 (warr, peace) and in thib discourse he told me the day 
before yesterday that he found that 8 (French King) and his had great 
expectation of what S (Lord Arlington) should doe for them, nay that » 
he beleeved they might have such [?] confidence in him or it, he 
wondered how they came by it for hee would have me to understand it 
was not by him now whether this be a wheedle of theirs upon him, or 
that hee intended it as one upon me I know not, but their backwardiies 
heer makes me suspect H (Mons. Ruvigny) has sum underhand 
dealing, and that hee may keep them heer in expectation of ii, and that 

he hand that it is time enough to think of 

G (l?arliament dissolved) if that failes, and that A will let everything 
slip to secure G however for his own sake, and at last if all does failc 
that which we ask, they think is a sure card to make X and us doe 
what they list which noething else will : Now me Now me thinks 
indeed in my humble judgment I would not have A : faile [or taile] 
. . [torn o/f ] . . . I would have him push with all the . . 
\torn off] .... may inable for G (Pari, dissolved) and I would 
have Ihalf a line torn and illegible'] . . for on my consciemce [one 
or two words torn off] much in his power with 00 or 000 (£2 or 
300000) . . doe it as with them, and then if he would give me 
leave methinks I could turn it infinitely more to his advantage by 
showing them how little hee wanted 00 or 000 to help him in that or 
anything . . . and that now if they would come upon terms to 
settle things equally and faire between us . . ., without which 
certainly noething can laste, .... wee will, being thereto led 
a little by interest but much more by inclination, geve them the pre- 
ference and^refusal in all bargains, but if not truly we may then truly 
tell them we must endeavour to make our best market. They know 
the advantage fortune has now more than ever put into our hands by 
giveing us the scales to hould wherein all European commodities must 
be erayed (?), and I hope then G (the dissolving the Farlt.) being 
compased A (the Duke) will never suffer X (the King) againe to quit, 
nCbat if this doe not bring them to anything you can call reason I will 


M88. oj^SiB w. giy^ YQu niy head, for I must tell you 8 [or S] is mightily devided at 

— * this xevy hower in his thoughts and perhaps more agitated than ever 

he was in making any resolution haveing (?) or I am much mistaken 

one boote on and , a (fancyed ?) sum thing .... 

in him making him a little weary of what is on allreddy, and another 
thundering sumthing encJining him to boote and spur them both try 

your lady's letter and you will " 

[ Tlie letter is endorsed) " Paris, December 1674-5," {and at 
the head of the letter in the same hand as the endorsement'] 
" Mons. Pompone." 

[Sm W. Throckmobton] to Mrs. Coleman. 

1674, December 15. Paris. 

" Thousand thanks deare madam for yours by Sir IF. Fitz James 
and with all this his chiefe frinds as 6 (Pompone) and 7 (Albert) 
/ ashure you the longer I am at Paris the more I shall 
and 1 (Louvoy) as much devided about 2 (war) or 3 (peace) as is poss- 
esteeme my owne country, not butt that I like Paris extreain 
ible. Now I say with all this if A: could strike 
well, but cannot Jind itt soefarr exceed London as is said 
that stroke without them you should see what an opera- 
Yett one a good score. However I should be glad to settle in it, 
tion it would have, now I say with all this 
Mayn [?] you mention related cheefiy to Mons. Barnard who 
if A: could strike that stroke without them you should 
* I supose more a courtyer than a friend, pray letts knoio howje 
gee what an operation it would have, and on my 
dans doth, I am sorry hee's relapsed, newes I have non and I 
[torn'\ I believe a quarter of (iiOCOOO) or les in the glistering 
have got a sore eye soe dare say nae more but that 
mettai to K (the King) himself in his owne pocket may 
/ am hartyly deare Madame yours . , faithful humble sarvarU 
I wish you a hapy mery Christmas 

sway as much upon an occasion with him as ten times as much to put 
into the comon stock or buy land with, and if such a busines [3 or 4 
words illegible'] for A : (the Duke) he may make his accompt on it when 
he please he shall not want it long for that purpose. I then resolve 
not to see 6 (Pompone) for these reasons [one word illegible] you say 
you had not spoke with A : (the Duke) but that he had had a long 
discourse with H (Ruvigny) which you know not what it was, nor 
what A : (the Duke) knew of (Lord Arlington) his busines nor 
what perhaps he now would have one doe. H. (Ruvigny) doupt 
. . [o7ie or two words illegible] failed to write what he knew and 
what A : tould ... I will not therefore com to them with my 
fingers in my mouth or to be caught [one word torn] that I resolve not 
[one word torn] them till I heer from you againe. You say not a word 
how the acceptation of X (the King) for umpire relishes with you, nor 
what X intends, whoe shall goe, and so forth, pray be plaine in all 
these points. Your derection is a Mr. Mercier au coine de la rue 
St. Benoist, Fauboiu'g St. Germ[aine] ... I have asked you [one 
word illegible] too but you forget it. 

I wrote to you in my first letter to Mrs. Bradshaw about the £100, 1 
doupt I must have more ere long, but you shall have six weeks time for 
it. What you wrote heer about my helping myself to money, that way 
which you mention is a ticklish point the man is of a jelous humor and 
if I should [do anything] should look like selfe interest 1 should spoile 


ftU, you may be sure I say all too him [what you can] imagine, but I M8S. opSirW. 
must not seem to aims at that but let it com of itself". Adieu, I am Fitzhbbbbrt. 
sure I am tired." 

[ JFVow] "If A : could strike that stroke " [<o] ** for that purpose " [is 
underlined in black i7ik] . 

Endorsed with the date and some signs, 

[Sir W. Throckmorton] to E. Coleman. 

[1674,] December 20. [Paris.] — ** Your letters are not yet com so I 
have noething to say upon that subject, and to the busines of our kins- 
man you know I can say noething neyther till I heer from you. Newse 
we have little. Mr. de Turenne his march has severed Monbeliard, 
and his letters of the 23rd say that hee having stayed sum time to make 
a great provision of brefwr, that hee might not for want of it be forced 
to anything hee had not a mind to, was resolved to march that day 
[with] the whole army towards the enemy who are now gathering 
together about Colmar in Alsace, and that if they did not think fitt to 
repas the Rhine but that they would stay him there, hee would fight 
them. The French counsels depend much upon the succes thereof for 
I doe not find that notwithstanding they have taken a resolution for 
the raising of a great number of French horse 6 weekes agoe and that 
money is reddy for it, that yet they [goe] on with it, and I believe the 
stop may proceed from thence to see the event, how well weighed their 
counsel is I know not. Brede I was tould yesterday was at last resolved 
on for the place of treaty, but whether this be absolute true I know 
not, though it was tould me by a good man whoe said to have it from 
Mr. de Tellier*s owne mouth, but I can scarce beleeve the Prince of 
Orange will expose his juggle to the vewe of his owne people soe much 
as he will by having the treaty in the midst of them. You will heer 
of a defeat of some of the French troopes with Mr. de Turenne, and 
perhaps it may gather before it comes to you like a snow ball. The 
truth is this as Mr. de Lorges himselfe relates, that 300 foote and 
50 horse being sent out under the comand of Mr. de Barlement, a 
co[louel, were] cut of, the colonel and the captain of the hors both 
made prisoners, but that they defended themselves very exterordinurly 
well for many liowers, killing above 80 of the enimy upon the place. 
To give you a more exact detalle is I thinke not necessary but may 
prove troublesome. I am your's and your silent lady's most humble 

indorsed "Nothing in hit. No. 11 [or 41]." 


N.D. — " I am heartily glad to hear by your lady by your lady {sic) 
you will be returned to London to receave this which I pray loose no 
time to show his H. I wrote you word before you went that I thought I 
should soone bee in England, for 1 am confident they would have sent 
mee but your going into Flanders, of which they had notice before you 
could have been cros the sea, how I cannot emagine, but sure I am 
they tould me of it as soone as I came to the army, I suppose may have 
hindred that and retarded the propositions which I have order to make 
his H. till now, for they have been much disquieted about it, and I have 
had much adoe to ashure them that I was confident there was noething 
designed by it to their prejudice, for that I was sure the D. was as much 
by inclination as interest disposed to prefe/ their alliance and friendship 
to all others, and that they should take it for a certain rule that if they 
weare not wanting to themselves, we should never be wanting to them. 



^J^^iraMira?' The K. is . . heer is certainly disposed as much as can bee for the 
— ' iiiterests of his H :, but is wise and very cautious, however by thei^ 
propositions which I have order to make to his H :, and which are word 
for word as I took them from Pere FeiTier's mouth, for I wrot them 
downe presently and shewed it him afterwards [to] keep it for nrf 
justification, that I wrote noe more than I was ordered, you will see 
that it onely now depends upon his H : to consider of a way that will 
best secure his interests^ and withall a good correspondence with them 
heer, for that wee must allwayes perswade our selves is the thing they 
propose to themselves by it, I say let but his H : consider of that, and 
then what hee would aske of them heer in order to it, and I doupt 
not God willing if hee will honour me with with his instructions aii4 
comands but I shall procure him anything which in reason hee tBXk 
expect eyther of money or anything else, if therefore his H : shall bee 
pleased to think well of this and proceed in it, I will meet you anywhere 
privatdy to receavc his H : -comands and instructions by you^ or if thi96 
mill doapt not but X can put myselfe in a private way to com for a 
night . to receave his orders myselfe. I pray bee very cautious th%l 
tfa^re be noe suspetion given of any thing [of] this with you, for the Ki 
is Tery scrupulous heer, even of some of his chiefest ministers, whotne 
perhaps hee may apprehend people have been or at least have endeavouosd 
to bee dealing with, and P :;Ferrier possitively charged mee to cewk^ 
oianicate it to noe one living but the B : of Dublin, of whome they have 
8 good opinion, for hee said they would have to doe in it with none but 
.us, but I prevailed at last that I might doe it by you or Col : Talbet in 
England, for that being they would not yet let me goe myselfe it was 
impossible but I must employ sumbody therefor I could not else write 
to the D, and if I answered for you as myselfe, to which at last they 
consented, I intended to have taken the liberty to have wrot to his H : 
but this to you will I thinke doe better. I pray you therefore present 
my most humble duty to him, and if I have don anything amis in .this 
it is for want of judgment not affection and duty, and I am shure of <aie 
thing that if perchance our councels should goe [an]other way I hare 
don noething that can prejudice him, if they bee not, but that this 
alliance shall be judged advantageous, I have had the good fortune t9 
worck myselfe into such an esteem and opinion heer with sum of the 
ablest to serve his H : that T am an honest man that I dare promis 
myselfe they will put confidence in mee, and I shall bee able to serve 
him, for to doe which I pray ashure his H : with all humility that I shall 
always be reddy to venture my life and fortune." 

[ The whole of this letter is written hi the light brown ink. The 
passage from " lor that I was shure the D." to " wanting to them," is 
underlined in black ink,^ 


To Mrs. COLLMAN in her Lodgings in the pell mell near 

St. James. 


N.D. — I thinke I must state the case in writing againe and give -n 
Had it not , , , to have charges deare inadame you had receive 
it 6 (Pompone) to shew 8 (Fr. King). I doupt 9 (Bp. Dublin) sending 

to 1 (Louvoy) his father for you 
my thanks for your last long before this wjiich now was designed 
must know that 9 (Bp. Dublin) is the lyeingest rogue in the world ^ 

y(m by Mr. Oglethorpe . . this is to my sister Aymondsold but yotn^ 
don our busines hoe good, for he speakes with confidence and 



newes [?] last night changed it telling us the dismall news of Putney MSS^ov fio^V. 
makes them beleeve he is the Mr. in the world with A : (the Duke) and itzkbebset. 
which I am extream sorry for ^ but very well pleased she has soe good 
%^\\9 them whatever he pleases, which must make them have 
a comforter as your ladyship. Deare tnadatne ashure her of my most 

a meane opinion of A : (the Duke), or if they doe or doe not absolutely 
sarvice, and all imaginable care to serve her both as to the 
beleeve him must make them the more diffident of R (Sir Will. Thr.) 
telling itt and and putting Mis in morning y the first I will not be to / 
the truth is 1 wonder 6 (Pompone) does soe well with R (Sir W. Throg.) 

as he does 
hasty in became I desire a little your advice about the last . . . 
considering that [^om] (Bp Dublin) speaks the^ contrary with as much 
J could gladly stay for and may if luck serve have it in 10 dayes " 
authority as appears to them as R (Sir W. T.) does what he sayes * 
tim^^and Pll get stays S^. ready y cloth I think is not soe good h^a^e ^ 
. . tould you all that was between him an 1 (Louvoy) his father 
or soe cheap and the sumer will now draw on apojce for I thinke ' 

. . weekes agoe, for I trace him everywhere, and 
crape or such a sort of thing will doe best in all respects^ butt ' '' 

sure never man made .... hood lyeing and knavery . .'■ 
. . [fom] . ... in England, and my sisters and I will . '. 
. . . . his business as he does. I had yours of the 4th and 
. . . to be informed exactly what the tnode is heare for most great 

if I think it as proper after a night's consideration 
the warr has made momers, Mrs, Jane I think should have a gound 

and petycoat 
as I've yet I may break it to 6 (Pompone) next time I see him 
for I like it very well. 

Why should you not get H (Ruvigny) write to 6 (Pompone) the 
discourse L (Coleman) had with him and his likeing of it, it would 
help R (Sir W. Throg.) mightily at least it would give him sum more 
credit I am overjoyed to heer what you say about G (dissolving Parlia- 
ment), thoui/h 000 (£30000p) should not be compassed, not that it 
shall make me a jot the less active or solicitous for it, for I am I ashure 
you of your opinion as much as is possible that noething will settle 
businesses lastingly like joy ning [tom^ (Fr. King) and A :'s (the Duke) 
interests togeather, and when I tould you there might be an advantage 
made by gaining G (Parlt. dissolved) without 000 (£300000) I did not 
meane . . . \J or ^ words illegible^ . . 8 (Fr. King) but only 
that that would make those about 8 (Fr. King), seeing the power A : 
(the Duke) has, a little more reasonable, and that then they will [come] 
with A : (the Duke) to terms [and] accomodation more equall than 
now they will, and let us think or propose what we please it is certaine 
that noething but a [part ?] balance of things cau keep their interests 
long linked, and therefore I judged it for A : (the Duke) 
of some kind of crape or other for there is cheaper heare I beleive than 

in England 
advantage by such an action to gaine that reputation 
and according as it is bye it heare, or else leave it till she comes over 
with them as shall shew them their benefit of coming 
' But my sister must lett me know whether she* II pay for the makeing 
[to] such an accomodation with him . . . which then 
or noe, let wee know her mind with the first and accordingly Pll 


MSB. OP Sib w. may keep their amity linked fast for all their \ 

FiTaajmBBBT. ^j^g ^y jj/,.^ Oglethorpe to-morrow, you shall have .... Adue 

lives, I never was blinder nor wearier in 

Madame and heleeve mee ever your faithfull humble sarvant. Cloth 

my life so adieu. I could not help the £100 bill 

or such things will be both dearer for Mrs. Jane eythef heere or in 

» . • • 
for my spule. Pray tell Maurin I have don . . . 
[Two lines illegible J\ " 

[Sir W. Throckmorton to E. Coleman.] 

1674-5, January 9. [Paris.] 
I tould you where I was yesterday but 6 said noething to me 
I have had .... my last to you both yours of the 21st and 24th 
indeed I did not see him at his owne howse nor did not 
last past and the enclosed to Mr, Bernard in the later which after have- 
think it fit till I heer from you what you said in yours of 
ing shewed D, G. I have sent him but heare not how he relishes 
the [31st ?] in French which I tould you I could not reade if 
it not haveing seen him since, but I am a little of your Ladys mind 

hee had accoasted me in I would have 

that you have not made your court e over well by it. Your Lady has 
. . . . best I could with what I did . . . out but to goe 
at last opened her mouth as you call it for my wife has had 

, without certain e knowledge of what 

the honour of a letter from her, which shee this morning before 
you meant 1 thought was not prudent. I am glad [M's ?] 
her eyes were open called for afire in her chamber that she 

supper took soe well but I you doe you 

might rise to answer y but I undertooke thnt you would asshure 

. will be laughed at as well as ruined my 

your Lady of the receipt of it and make her compliments too 

temper soe well as you doe. I beleeve they are not 

which upon my accompt pray doe for I think I deserve 

easy heer with G. his long stay for though 8 his brother 

it haveing saved you lOd,, though not to exact too muck 

know not much of the trade, nor is one that one can take meaning 

from you neyther there was sum selfe consideration 

by, yet I perceived by him that they were alarumed. 

in it too, for perhaps I saved myself e noe lesse infier 

I long hugely for a letter from you that I may see 6, pray 

/ went yesterday to St. Jermain on purpose to heer what 

be careful in writing, for that paper is naught and you 

was said there concerning Mr. de Turenne, In the first place 

blot mightely. I know not what to make of this busines 

the King and his ministers say they have had noe courier 

of Turenne, it is strange to nie they should know noething 

nor direct newes from Mr. Turenne these 12 dayes which is what 

in 12 dayes, it is certain much depends on it, you 

[hear if it goes on] . . . the busines I tould you in my last and 

the cujcompt of that 
must make the best of it though I write you cleerly how 
for aught I heer they pretend to have noe other way neyther 


I take it to be, and the truth is I doe not thinke there *i^- ^' ®™ ^• 

but by a servant of the Count of Broglins whoe came to fetch a — 

has been a battle, or that they are retreated neyther, but 
chirurgeonfor his mastery by whome was given such an accompt 
that is it undoes the 8 his busines. Be sure if you can that 
as you have seen by the foregoing poste^ a 2d, accompt which 
A : never pardons the insolence you mention. Grotian is 
was published yesterday morning is a letter from a comissary 
about to buy Abselys place, I know not if the Duke be 
of the munition at Langres to Mr, de Louvoy in which he tells him 
yet made acquainted with it for I have it as a great 
by the by after haveing spohe to his busines that he had received a letter 
secret, but be sure you doe what you can to hinder it for 
from another comissary in the army who tould him that Mons. 
he is the malitiousest rogue alive, I can not tell you 
de Turenne had forced a pas over a little river, that they dis- 
all I know of him heare, how he takes when he thinks 
puted it hard^ that icee lost a good number ofhors in the action 
himself safe J (D. of Monmouth) his parte against A : (the Duke) his 

but that in time they possest themselves of it with great 
the Duke may have his choise from my knowledge of 2 
losse to the enemy takeing several colours and much baggage 

or 3 gentlemen that have double his estate and 

and that now they had the passage open to Brisach, that hee would 
I daresay will venture it all to obey and execute 
say noe more of it beleeving they had the detalle of all at court e 
bis just comands, and will stick to him and have interest 
long before now, in this the man was mistahe7ifor we owne 
in their countreys too. I have done all my endeavour 
noe such thing at Courte but conclude our couriers must be 
to informe myself of 8 his stock for the next yeers 

tahen or killed, however Ifinde that they all conclude that this action and 
trade, and truly all people concerned in it aflirm it is 
that Count Broglins man speaks of this last being not dated, is the same 
great, yet I can not imagine what makes them soe backward 
The Comissary tells you farther that the armyweare near one the other 

and that 

in equipping for the summers voyage as they are if it be 
infallibly if the enemy retreated not Mr. Turenne would fight in a day 

or two, which was 
not want of monny reddy. What meane you by A :*s not knowing of 

your writing 
likely enough he having orders for it and now a passage open to him, 

hut that the 
I beleeve my [Lunt : ?] voyage was none of A :'s . . diate imprudence 

but it 
communication is soe free between him and Brisack for all that, truly 

I can not well com" 
was to satisfy her vanity which he ought by no meanes to have 
prehend for Tm sure they are much stronger in hors than hee and 

therefore methinhs 
consented too, for such synes of her power with him still makes even 
till they are beaten visits should not be very safe. This relation of the 

letter bends 
those whoe love him well feare the truth of the strong report that she 


M88.-o»Bi&w* severall other people of quality, I had as I give it you from Jk^pnsieur 
ntmmvLT. Crene . . \' . ' i 

is with childe againe. As to the thing itself e it is to his. own con- . 
an other story they had that the^ Germans had laid a bridge over, tfu^^ 

Rhine o,nd that infaifiiitjjf 
[sic] quences, but I am sure in prudence it ought to be very cov^hr,foi[, 
partof their army would retreat over there, and the others at Strausbwrg^ 

for certainly ncething will doe him soe much good in X his family ^,.^, 
they came by t/iis infallibility of knowledge truly I coulc^ not le^^rpe^ 

nether, cdll 
and with all bi§ tennants in the country ^8pecially^ let them be of wt\a^^ 
can therefore tell you of certainty is that K, Lewis has still the sam^. 

brave manl\^ 
religion they will, as a persuasion of his virtue and truth . . ,. j 

looks that ever he had, / could wish N^sfrend hanged as she inten^e^i, 

L but for the nepp^. 
< will certainly [declare news ?] if he had don it six weeks ^goe . ,.^,^^^. 
relation shee has to m^^ which will not; suffer me to say so at least^ jSf^, 

what a devill shall I 
it had certainly been a considerable service for 8 for it.h^d ease4 tbe ^ . 
doe with her, I can not imagine I vow. It seems jt, must taste qft qtl^], 

sorts ofafflicfi(ffis^. 
gentleman in I. much by the diversion whoe now must beare the whole , 
brunt of it alone. Adieu. 

(P.S.) Just now the Marquis de St. Prery comes in frpm l^t. Glferm^S| 

there was noe other newes this morning 

. . . there from the army but what I have writ to you." 
[E7idors€d'\ "Jan. 9. 1675-6. Some signs and 

1 D 7 Monm. M I D." 
\^All the writing in this letter is smaller and less distinct than 
that in the former letters^, 

to [E. Coleman]. 

1674-5, January 12. — I have not yet received Mond^y^s letters* 
Turenne has gained a great advantage over the confederates. The 
news had been delayed by the capture of a courier. They had been 
very uneasy at not receiving news, and few believed that they had not 
received any. 

A short account of the battle or battles. 

[ There are faint traces of writing in light brown ink between 
the lines, but only a single word here and there is legible,^ 

[ .to .] 

[1675], January 19. [Paris] — I tould you in my last that I had 

mist of 6 (Pompone) but would goe againe 
I am very sorry to hear how it is at last ended loith our f rend 
on Wendesday which I did and discoursed your letter to him as 
I am afraid poor man he was not prepared for such ajorny, you 
fully as I could for though I was twice with him that day yet 
may be sure all shall be done for his daughter imaginable, truly 
we weare interrupted both times, T thinke I tould him 
she deserves it for she behaves her self e soe well that all the world 
however as much as you could desire and he had noething 
loves her, your freend Mr, le Brune's landlord is hugely taken with Aei' 
to contradict the great advantage I maintained it would 


I could wish for more than one reason it were a match £g000 ^T^moSi^^ 

be for him to gaine G (the Parlt.. dissolved) nay he granted me it — * 

would bee 
4 yeer is a brave estate especially in so worthy a marCs hands, and 
<jl' greater advantage for him than anything < (Sweade) could doe 
fift^ that which sttm people perhaps would make an objection is one 
doe for him, but yet he said plainly in the circumstanoes 
of the cheefe reasons makes me desirous of ity you gues what I mean 
8 (Pr. King) was in it was impossible for him to part with 000 
and 1 69le&ffe the mother would heare reason enough upon it too 
^ough for never soe great a benefit. I asshured him A 
bnipray say not a word of this however to anybody, for I am 
was noe more positive for 000 (£300000) nor did noe more value 
Jhr I am sure if he should intend it, he would scome to doe it without 
it than he did durt, and that he very well knew X (the King) might doe 

«. mother, for he is the orderly st man in the world. I pray 
• . woU without him too as with him, but that if X (the King) was 
;' * . .' . . . . that noebody is more her humble servant 
. I. such a humour that noething but that could prevaile with 
than Lam, God comfort her about her landlady though I doe 
him what was there to be said to it, yet I was^ sure if A (the Duke) un- 
not beleeve you had any hand in it. 

^ertooke it, he would doe for 8 (the French Kitfg) as for his own soule 
and that therefore if 8 (the Fr. King) durst but play an open game 
with A (the Duke) as A doeth with 8 had with confidence put the 
busines in his hands, I was sure if it weare in his power he would per- 
suade X (the King) to take the meanest of 000 (£300000) relations in 
000 (£300000) his roome, for as I said before he knows it is more to 
sattisfy X (the King) his humour than for any real want of 000 
(£300000) and therefore to be sure if he could persuade X (the King) 
to take the meanest of 000 (£300000) relations, in the stead of 000 
though bee weare not of (£100000) his force hee would, or if A (the 
Duke) could by any meanes raise any of his owne relations to neer the 
degree of 000 (£300000), he would never have entertained a thought 
of accepting 000 (£300000) from 8 (the French King) for I ashured him 
A (the Duke) scorned to have any private designe upon 000 (£300000) 
for himselfe and so did A's friends too L (Coleman) and R (Throck- 
morton) whoe wished but for all their good, that the- thing must be 
donn, but cared not one farthing which way. 6 (Pompone) tould me 
that A (the Duke) and H (Ruvigny) very great, and that A 

opened himselfe with -fidence to him, and 6 (Pompone) 

seemed to hint that yet A had never urged for 000 (£300000) to' him 
and therefore civily seemed to infer as if it were more L (Coleman) and 
R's (Throckmorton) pressing than A's (the Duke) I tould him that I 
beleeved A (the Duke) had never mentioned it to " 

[A loose sheet, icritten in the same ink and hand as the above, which 
seem.s to be the conthiuation of this letter. '^ 

" H. (Ruvigny) for that I was sure he would never ask it by him [or] 
anybody eli^e. I ashured him L (Coleman) or R (Throckmorton) cared 
80 little for the thing that I durst in their names ask him to employ 
anybody else in it, and to shew him that they had noe designe in it but 
X (the King) and A :'s (the Duke) service and the comon good, which 
will make them [as] much concerned for 8 (Fr. King) as for the other 
two, he should find that they would continue to doe the same good 
offices though they weare not trusted by him, that ever they had don. 
That it was possible enough they might have been misrepresented by 


M88. OF SiE w ®^^^ people as wished 8 (Fr. King) as little good as them, and that 
Fitzhebbeet! perhaps ^ : (the Duke) himself [had not] escaped them, but that a 
little time would shew which was which. I asked him with a little 
scorn what great service G. (Lord Arlington) had done him with R 
(Holland), he smiled and shooke his head ; I asked them then how 
they would beare it if he should [be . . . .] for that I did riot doupt 
but H (Ruvigny) had tould him of the designe, he seemed to be 
surprised at it and tould me truly he had not heard of it ; in fine being 
interrupted againe bee desired me me that we might have sum dis 
course an other time and so we parted. What you will make of this 
I know not, but I will sum time hence, when I lieer from you more, 
see him againe, for the present I can not I have such a swelled face 
with goeing to him the other day when I was ill allreddy, that it is not 
possible for me to goe out. The truth of it is I beleeve they doe not 
know how to parte with 000 (£300000) as times are with them now, 
beside perhaps they rely upon A :'s (the Duke) doeing it without the 
help of 000 (£300000) and perhaps beleeve, and not without sum 
reason, that all that . . (Coleman) . . (Throckmorton) tell them 
is without book and for private ends, and farther perhaps they knowing 
the natural kyndness X (the King) has for 000 (£300000) conclude, let 
me say what I can, that [at] the last push 00 (£200000) will prevaile 
with X (the King) to doe what 8 (Fr. King) desires, and so resolve to 
let A : try what he can doe alone first. I must, to be just, ^lot forget to 
tell you that there weare all the fine and kind things imaginable said of 
8 (Fr. King) his [aide] to A: (the Duke), but you know what are words 
and what are deeds. Try your lady's letter that's . . . . I " [A 
note] " See your Lady's letter." 

[ ] to CoLLEMAN Esq., Secretary to her R. Highnes at his Lodgings 

in the pell mell neare St. Jameses, London. Aujleterre. 

1674-5, February 6. Paris. 
I count myself most exterordinarly unhappy that 
I receaved yours on Munday night of the 2lst last past [tom'\ 
illncbs has hindred my seeing 6 (Pompone) since businesses 
/ was soe ill I could not read it being twice let blood 
goe with G (Lord Arlington) as they doe, I ashure you if it had been 

that day, I have now at this time a glister in my belly 
but that hassard of my life had laine at stake I should 
so that I mxihe as wry faces as lines though all appre- 
have ventured it to have given you an answer this 
hensions of ill I thanke God are past. I would not 
poste but it would have alarumed all the world to 
however mis you a post whilst I can write though 
see one goe out in such a condition, by the next poste 
/ am not able to tell you anything more but that 
however I promise you an answer for I [<orw] 
/ am your^s and your lady's most obedient servant. 
speake or write to him, if H (Ruvigny) has but in any menire 
Pray give this enclosed to the person mentioned in my 
don his parte I promis you I will doe mine, and if 
last post, for it is the same should have gone 
8 (the Fr. King) will doe noething I know not how to help it, but 
then, and if there be any answer to it as is ex- 
the truth is he has so meane an opinion of X (the King) and 
pected, be pleased to let it be co?iveyed as 


all his partners that I doupt he thinks scarce anythintr they Mss. of Sis w. 

1/ou had this. Adieu, — 

can doe worth 000 (£300000), it must be therefore I beleeve sumthing 
imediately from A : (the Duke) that I must tell him that will perswade 
him to hope for better things when he shall govern. Adieu I can say 
noe more." 

[ to E. COLKMAN.] 

[1675,] March 23. 
*' It is I whoe ought to dispaire of being understood 
for I find I am not at all, [the misjtery was not about the concurring 
/ had deare Ned since I wroi last to you both yours of 
or not concurring, but that is past now and it is vaine to spend 
the '2d and the Sth, but that of the ££dpast I have hithertoo 
time and paper paper to canvase it, I doe beleeve that if I had 
heard noething of I am glad my Lord Berhley goes ple- 
halfe in my head thai you have I should not doe the quarter pait soe well 
nipotentiaryf I hope he is pleased now and Sir Ell, Lay ton 
and I am very sensible how you are put to it for monny and how 
too, I hope you say compliments now and then from me to 
much I encrease your troble in it, but pray doe not beleeve that that 
them, though I give you not the troble of desiring you, 
lessens mine at all, but on the contrary it has made me almost 
/ doe not know the gentleman you meane as you name him to 
distracted, and so peevish now and then that I have scarce known 
me tlmt you would have me goe to visit, but that I may [wo^] 

what I have writ or said for the devil take me if I doe 

faile till you write to me againe I will visit all comers 
that I would rather at any time have given a linger than draw 
tliai I can any wayes judge to be likely to he the man, 
a bil upon you, knowing your circumstauces, I have not seen 
My Lord Marshall I heer came last night, or at least was 
6 yet, I have not been very well, that is not so well to waiglit 
expected. Mr, de Thuly came the night before. We have 
for him to have as it weare an accidental oportunity for 
noe newse at all, at least I know none, the truth is I have 
unles you bid me absolutely I still think it not proper 
not been very well with . . eat this week and goe not much 
for me to goe on purpose to him. R (Throckmorton) has toirtd 

L (Coleman) all [hej 
abroad, I shall therefore troble you with noething more 
could about his frinds, and the truth of it is I doe not see 
at present but the a^hurance of my being, yours most faithfully , 
how it is possible for him considering the circumstances \jme or two 
words illegible] to them that L (Coleman) seems to expect, and he 
should be as glad as L (Coleman) to compas. R (Throckmorton) is 
much trobled about A. for he feares he has been misunderstood, it is not 
but whatever he has writ of these Irinds he is still ashured they will 
make good, ihat is whence once they have made an acquaintance with 
A : (the Duke) they will serve him with all that they have in the world, 
he does not meane by the acquaintance that A : (the Duke) shall ta . . . 
upon them, or that they are so vaine to expect he should unbusum him- 
selfe to them save a faire reception such as becomes him [and] them 
will please them much, and then that they see him put in a practice a 
little what you say he so much resolves, it is not what they suspect 
himself perhaps [a line illegible] . . of his personal vertues, but I 

E 643 59. K 


MS8.opSibW. know they are much startled to see all sorts of rogues eouutenanced 
— * ' about him as much as ever ; they and I know [2 or 3 words illegible] 
9 (Bp. of Dublin) has said that his brother has secured himselfe, 
for that he had made his peace with F's (Parliament) frinds and par- 
ticularly with him and his caball \_2 words illegible] turned out of the 
same place to him that L (Coleman) is [to anjother, he brags pub- 
liquely of the power [his brojther has still with A: (the Duke) R 
(Throckmorton) knows that in great part this last is a lye, but R 
(Throckmorton) cannot deny that A : (the Duke) uses him .... 
so, which these frinds of his whoe see things a little at a greater dis- 
tance than he has don have reason enough to suspect that he may 
discover [enough] of A : to betray A : and them too should they doe 
anything whilest hee and sum such which I cannot so safely describe 
continue about A : sam of these men entend to be about Easter in your 
toune, you shall see them, and you shall take a safe opertunity to carry 
them to A :, and I am confident it is not onely this that you speake of 
but their skins that A : may have of them. But if I should propose 
any such thing to you now, with all these circumstances of A :'s not 
joyning with L absolutely in his resolution concerning such a thing, and 
then they with all these feares and suspetions, which their seeing A : 
and discoursing with you will dissipate, I say if I should pres such a 
thing to them [one word illegible] it would perhaps [make] them 
suspect R (Throckmorton) and L (Coleman) too to be of the same mind 
as 9 (Bp. of Dublin) brother onely for to get for themselves, and so put 
them wholly of of the busines of serving A : (the Duke) being thereby 
perswaded that it is A :'s fortune or folly always to be encompased and 
advised by knaves. The sobrest men whoe cum over from you say 
that X (the King) and A : (the Duke) weare never kinder in their 
lives, pray God they be so heartily, and then I have sum little fancy 
that serves me instead of the secret which you said you weare not yet 
permitted to discover to mee. I can with this lay [pre]sume that A : 
(the Duke) may be in a pretty good condition, but without that I ashure 
you it seems very desperate to mee, for I ashure you I have of late 
apprehended X (the King) more than F (the Parliament) for him, pray 
cheer us a little if you can, and tell us as much as you can with safety 
how things stand between them, and in all other circumstances, forunles 
G (Lord Arlington) been able to drawe of X (the King) who[ll]y from 
A : (the Duke) and that X (the King) is party to it, I feare noething 
for A : (the Duke), but on the contrary all this may worck to good [it 
or A] against the other ^v (heretiques) as well as K (Catholiques). 
Adieu, pardon all frailty s and beleeve me yours constantly." 

to MoNS. Jerome Boteman chez Madame Helstop vis a 

vis L'Ambassadeur de Portugal dansle Pelmel a Londre. 

[1674-5,] February 20.— "I am not at all [surprised] at what I 
heer of U (Lord Treasurer) [another name illegible] it would have been 
much had thi[ngs b]in otherwyse than they have [one word torn ojf] 
let us remember Dr. Crytons cat and wee never will confide in them or 
rely so much 

on them as that anything they doe shall be able to dismay us, and I hope 
A : (the Duke) is not at all by what has hapned yet. R (Throck- 
morton) has done what has been in his power with 6 (Pompone), the 
whole busines, as he has tould you in his 2 former, is put into H 
(Ruvigny) his hands, aud truly as much as appeared to R (Sir W. 
Throckmorton) with auspicious circumstances enough, it is 


JTay mis Madamoiselle Cortnay entre fes mains d'une forte honeste y^^^ q, gm yt, 
therefore now between A (the Duke) and H(Ruvigny) for it seems Fitzhebbbbt. 

to R (Throckmorton) that the thing must 
femmCy dans le mhne chariot il y avoit un merchant 
he done by R (Throckmorton) or that they have not a designe of doeing 

it at ally and 
Anglois, et de bonne compaignie pour elle,je luy ay donne 
if it should happen to be the later for Jesus sake be not de]ected at it, 
20 sJtelins outre les 20 que vofis luy avez donne a Londre 
but on the contrary encourage and comfort A : (the Duke) all you can, 

for on my 
je n^ay oser luy donner la reste de £5 puis que vous ne m^en 
soule and conscience without affecting the preacher, I dare confidently 
avez pas donner ordre, nous nous somme done separer le 
utter my opinion that God intends it for his good and that if he please 
vendredy . . . [illegible^ .... samedy ou soir la ou 
but now to make use of those rare vertues of courage and constancy 
fay trouver tous le monde en parfaite sante, mais inon mal 
[with] which heaven has endued him, all this will turn to his glory and 

heur est que je ne puisse pa^ passer avant le 2^ . 
vantage. My humble opinion in his case then if 1 might give it 
que la carosse ne passe que tous les dimanche, tout le monde 
. . [illegible^ .... that if 8 (Fr. King) shall still continue to 

dodge and 
icy vous salue,fay delivre toutes les lettres de Madame 
[give] A : (the Duke) noe vigorous assistance for G (dissolving Parlt.) 

that the A : shall not continue 
Mons. le Docteur est a Roan, sije vous puisse rendre 
to shuffle l^etweene G (Parlt. dissolved) and F (the Parlt.) as I have 

given you my reasons in my former 
quelque autre service lorsque je seray au Mans je vous 
letters, but in God's name let F fParlt.) proceed and prosecute his suto. 
prie de commander. 

It is true this is not the way one would have chosen if 8 (Fr. King) 
would have been perswaded Monsieur to understand his owne interest 
but if that can not bee, what great prejudice can accrue to A : by F 
(the Parlt.) . None in the world say I Votre tres humble et tres 

if he pleases but with magnaminity 
and scorn to shake of those little wretches and their counsels whom he 
has with so 

obeissant servitens Brebion. 
much patience [hither]too suffered to baite him, continually 
to stoope and sneake to F (the Parliament) [a word torn ojff'\ resolve 
never to receave them [ag]aine that have once betrayed him. [ One or 
two words torn off\ the other side put on . . . [cou]ntenance but 
[. with . all] a mind full of noble and vertuous resolution and courage 
which will make him look bouldly upon his worst, and make good use 
of his best fortune. I say if he pleases but to doe things and besides 
[3 or 4 words illegible"] by the regulation of his family [\ or 2 words 
illegible] as the vertuous conduct of his owne person, how much be abhors 
and detests the debauchery of X (the King) his howse, which has made 
it so odious to all the nation and the world, hee will find that hee will 
have all the wise, sober, good, people, and such as are worth having, 
as well JL (Protestants) as K (Catholiques) on his side, and he shall 
have [the fortune ?] to see U (Lord Treasurer) and Z (I). Lauderdale) 

E 2 


MSS. 09 Sis w. and G (L. Arlington) and all the rest of that crue knock themselves 
FiTZHERBEBT. ^ peecBS with F (the Parliament), and his resolution, and courage, 
and vertuous behaviour will not only keep F (the Parliament) at a bay 
rs or 4 words illegible] but will keep him also in his [owne] bounds 
[two words illegible]^ for it is by X (the King) his stooping to F (the 
Parliament) that prejudice and disreputation will in gi'cat measure redound 
upon A : (the Duke) that A : is to apprehend damage from, now this 
A: his resolution will in great mesure prevent by keeping F (the 
Parliament) in sum sorte within his limits, and it will over and above, 
when G (L. Arlington) and U (L. Treasurer) and Z (D. Lauderdale) 
shall have brused one another and be at last all crushed by F (the 
Parliament) necessitate X (the King) to throw himselfe into A:'s 
(the Duke) armes, whoe by that time shall not onely be strong 
in reputation, but in reallity too by the conjunction with him 
of all [good and vertuous] and generous men of whatsoever party, 
with which then he shall usefully be able to serve X (the King) 
and himselfe, for bee not persuaded that X i^^ Protestants) and 
K (Catholiques) make a difference in this point, but between such 
as are rogues and denye a faction. And to shew you that this 
opinion is not onely speculative but that I can give you a prove that 
A:'s (the Duke) cause by what is hapned yet is not at all lost 
or deemed desperate in the opinion of [two words illegible] . . en 
[one word torn] you find that A. is disposed to take this way and this 
way defend his birthright, his honour, and his conscience all together, 
I will then make you a proposition of a number of persons whoe you 
will not doupt have honour, and courage by this their resolution, and 
I ashure you are reckoned among the sobrest and wisest part of the 
nation most L (Protestants) [and ?] have at least in shew and £4000 or 
£5000 a yeer a peece, whoe ask [in this re] spec t noe reward or offices, 
but only ask that A. (the Duke) will give them ashurance that hee 
will no[t be perjsuaded heerafter to abandon his owne intrest and 
them, and they will give him all the ashurance [on oth]er sides [one or 
two words illegible] desire, that themselves and their fortunes shall 
nink and swim with him, and these are such as I dare answer shall 
perform their promis, and not doe as U (L. Treasurer) and Z (D. Lau- 
derdale), and sum of them perhaps have good intrest with F (the 
Parliament) too, that is are of the same family, but [one or two words 
illegible] weare of his cabal, but I am engaged upon myiionour not to 
discover them till I know A. (the Duke) will take that, course that they 
may be useful to him, for they are unwilling, as you will beleeve they 
have reason, to expose themselves and fortunes, and doe A. noe service 
neyther. For to deal plainly with you they are poe afraid of sum that 
A. (the Duke) has about him, whoe they say betray him and would doe 
them so too, that they by no meanes dare discover themselves [though] 
their hearts they [say are] for A.'s cause and his <lis[po]sition which 
keeps multitudes of others in tbf ^ame suspense siiy they. For they 
all avow that it is not his being for K (the Catholiques) startles them, 
they ask but A. to be resolved to continue governing himselfe with 
vertue and moderation to throw of such people as they say are 
about him and betray him, and then give them his word and they 
will stick by him against G (L. Arlington) his party and sum of F.'s 
(the Parliament) too, but if ever he receaves any that have betrayed 
hee will goe nigh to ruin X (the King) his fortune, that is allwayes 
abused by knaves when they see it for their purpose and never trusted 
nor relyed on by honest [men]. I had yom*'s of the 4th just now. 
Mr. Boteman sets out on Sunday." 
Endorsed with 3 r>r 4 lines of signs. 


to E. Ck>L£MAN. 


[1675,] April 10. [Paris.]—" The post is of late very slow for we ^™^f«BMT. 
have not your Thursday's letters yet. I have therefore hut very little 
to say to you, for heere is noe newse at all, that I heere of at least." 

The business of Bordeaux is ended. It seems likely to be an ill 

I vdll be civil to the gentleman introduced in your last letter. I will 
communicate all news to you as I do to Mr. Tuly. 1 have given my 
opinion on his affair two posts ago, and my judgment on the proposed 

** I doe not doubt but you will be very cautious and circumspect, I 
can not however but feare knaves have great advantage over an honest 
man. I long to have an answer of mine by Capt. Bourgh. I some- 
times fancy I could l)e servisable to my cousin A (the Duke) in the 
terme, if it weare but to goe ofer roads and help a little to instruct his 

counsel, but that is as you shall judge . . &c P.S. — I 

have had this enclosed by n'e a fortnight in hopes of an oportunity of 
sending it another way, but I dare not venture the young lady's in- 
dignation any longer. I hope it will cost you noething. I will put it 
up to the best advantaore." 

[Endorsed] " Nothing. No. 42." 

[ to E. Coleman.] 

[1675,] April 17. [Paris.] — "Dear Ned, heering noething from you 

this post nor you saying not a word in your 2 former 
Having been to visit my wife I have seen noebody since 
that you had any of my leters or tooke any notice of what 
/ came back and therefore have not one word of newse 
I said in them, 1 know not whether you may have 
to tell you^ I must onely owne the receipt of your 2 letters which 
receav'd them, which puts me in sum paine I 
I told you in my last I had not for they both came an 
tould you in sum of them of 9 (B. Dublin) I spoke my opinion 
hower after I had sent mine, vid : that of Thursday was sea- 
of his brother, and the . . . proposed, and I vnrote 
vennight last with one in it to D : S : which I delivered, and 
twice also about Mr. de Tuly, 1 wrote you also u 
the newse letter of Monday followifig, but by this last post 
long letter by Capt. Bouigh, and of all this you take 
which came in yesterday, which should have been of thurs- 
noe notice which makes me doupt they are mis- 
day last the \st of April I had none from you though I had 
carryed, what I have said at any time concerning my- 
several others and therefore if you writ I conclude 
selfe is not out of any uneasines of my own skin 
it is miscarryed. Pray doe me the favour to tell my friend 
or consideration of myselfe but of others where- 
Mr: Boteman that I had his cheese a?id that it was very good 
of you are the chief, my zeale to serve my country 
and that I thanke him kindly^ but that my wife^s thing hee 
is I ashure you as great as ever it was and if 
speaks of there is noe newes of it. My wife is pretty 
for promoting or endeavoring that now I beg all my live 
well and much your humble servant. Betty is mightily improved 
aft^r T shall not repine at it but all that 


MSS. OP Sir W. . . . nirle fancy s herself a princes too. being companion 

FiTZHEBBERT. j / • xt * VT T 4. U • Ul i.^ 

1 say unci meane is that ir 1 cannot be servisable to 

to 2 or *6 there where she is of her owne age^ whoe are 
him as I am sure I am not now to him heer it 
all very fond of her. I pray he pleased to present my 
vexes me to the heart that I put you to all these . . 
humble service to your Lady and allow me the favour to 
. . , without doeing him any good, and therefore 
subscribe your most faithful humble servant 

I would have you consider if I can not sum way serve him, or if to ease 
you he could not put me in the wars where I might have lively hood, or 
else if you think not best that I return, and I call God to witnes I 
consider you more than myself in all this for I know how you are put 
to it, and that I cannot ease you in one shillfing] and this before God 
is all that trobles me, for as to an estate or fortune I thanke God it shall 
never breake my heart, I mean the want of it, but as long as I have a 
foot of land, eyther present or reversion, you may account yourselfe 
master of it, for you know our friendship has been such a great while 
that you might command me and what I had, but in especially upon 
this occasion you shall have power to dispose of it tomorrow and I will 
trust Providence for the future, and this upon my salvation is true. 
Therefore after all I have said I can only ad consider it and yourselfe, 
and dispose of me as you please. Pray be careful of yourselfe for I am 
assured there are people who are resolved to ruin you I mean even in 
A's (the Duke's) good opinion. 9 (Bp. of Dublin) and his brother are 
desparate villaines and care not what they doe, the first is the greatest 
rogue alive. It is not possible for you to imagine how great a villaine 
hee is, noe I believe there was never such another born. Adieu, God 
keep you. I am reddy to goe or doe anything when you will." 

Endorsed " Warns him about his enemys about the Duke, calls Bp. 
of Dublin and his brother villaines <fec. " 

[— •— ] to E. Coleman. 

[1675,] April 27.— [Paris.] " When I tell you I have not yet been 
able to read any of your three letters you will not wonder I mist you 
last post, nor would I write now to any [one] ... in the world but 
yourself to tell you [that] . . . within a fewe bowers after my last to 
you an unlucky accident was like for ever to have saved you all trobles from 
me in short I was run through the thigh into the groyne which cutting all 
those great vessels there caused me to loose more blood than ordinary 
men have in their bodys. My life the best chirurgeons of Paris tell me 
is secured, how it may be for the use of my leg because of the nerves I 
can not yet tell. I tell you noething of the busines because if I can 
conceal it none in world shall know it, fewe in Paris yet know that 1 
am hurt, nor shall they if I can help it, wherefore dear ^N'ed if you 
should heer talke of it that I am very ill or so say that weare strange 
for I never mist you but one post these six moneths. My landlord is 
very kind to me and will be a great helpe to me in this business. Adieu 
I have don to much alreddy." 

Endorsed " No. 45. Nothing, [and] ii. " 

[The handwriting is the same as the secret writing of other letters,"] 

[ to E. Coleman.] 

1675, May 1. [Paris.] — " I have received all your letters since my 
last and have also communicated the last to all your frinds as you de- 
sired. I find you have not understood me formerly, but that is past 


and if it please God to spare my life bread and water in any comer is MS8. ofSisW. 

too good for me, so it is not much mutter as to me how anything goes, ^tzhbbbbet. 

As for my [cousin] A pray God he was well advised in his last generous 

speech you mention in yours, silence in my poor judgment would better 

have suited his affaires. As for myself e heer is the 12th day tliat I lye 

upon my back not able to turu me in my bed. Feavor God be thanked I 

have little now, and perhaps you would wonder I should have any, 

being almost every day let blood besides 3 or 4 quarts of blood I lost at 

first, and taking noething in the world but barly water, not so much as 

one crumb of bread since 1 was hurt. I have 3 the ablest chirur- 

geons in Paris who exercise their talents upon me frequently in making 

incisions &c., one you will perhaps say is more than the care of my 

carcase deserves, and truly so say I too for how to pay them at last I 

know not but by giving them the skin they have made sporte with so 

long, but it was the kindnes of those whoe vallew my life more* than I 

doe whoe biought them when I was not in a condition to resist. The 

trunck with linnen you mention is at the Lady Wymondesly, Jenny 

Vary knows where, it is not worth the charge to send you the key, but 

pray take and open it at your bowse, and use what you please of it, which 

sure you might have done without your formal asking leave. Adieu 

dear Ned, I am almoste tired to death though this be a 2 dayes work. 

Sinews and arterys being cut cause me convulsions which much distemper 


Endorsed " Mentions a speech of the Duke's, prays God it may not 
have hurt him, he thinks silence had been better. No. 43.'* 


[ Onlf/ the latter portion of a letter, all written in the light coloured 

" vous son nailterey. These are my instructions word for word. I 
have sent you this by an expres whom I have tould that it is of great 
concern to my private fortune &e. which he beleeves. He is an h[onest] 
fellow and a good Catholique, but I pray keepe him in this opinion as 
well as you can. I could not tell whoe to send better for he is a fellow 
I'm sure loves me very well. I wonder my coming over should be talked 
of soe much in England. I wrote . [torn] .... but agon, 
indeed I spoke of it heer pretty publiqnely, by direction, that I feared I 
should have sum busines might call me into England. I must begg you 
to make sum shift to send me sum money for 1 have but 14 pistols left 
in the world and have made use of D. Arthur's credit too. This has 
cost me . . . They offered mee heere what monay I would but I 
would not take a farthing though they would very faine have had 
me, but I was resolved they neyther should have that seeming hank 
upon mee of being obliged by them in that nature, nor the worst of my 
enemies should have to object against me that I was led by my own 
interest, so that I pray if wee can let . . . make sum shift for the 
present, and if God bless our endeavours I doupt not we serve a master 
will doe sumthing for us, and if wee be unfortunate enough to miscarry 
I am content to sell my little to pay my depts, and eat bred with the 
remainder. You may cut (?) of this from the instructions I have sent 
you also the letter from P. Ferr[ier] to his H : by which I am to have 


MSS. ofSieW, [Translations of a Number of Letters from Paris, 1676, January 5 
— * — 1678, October 5, most of them probably from St. Germaine to 

K. Coleman.] 

Substance of St. Germaine's Letters to Coleman. 

No. 5. 1G75-6, January 12. — " Saith that nothing be done in France excci)t 

the Duke doth show that he either wisheth it or thinketh it lit. St. 
Germain desires Coleman to send him a memorial of what is iitt to 
communicate to Ruvigny's successor. St. Germain hath writ Coleman 

by [Mr. Warner] of the rrt January about a matter. . ." 

No. 10. 1675-6, January ^T. — ** I have writ to knowe the conduct which 

St. Germain ought to use towards the French King's confessor, and 
the new ambassador, for St. Germain cannot do anything till he knows 
Coleman's thoughts. Ruvigny's secretary and the English ambassador's 
secretary gone for England. Ruvigny's brother the Abbot came to 
St. Germain about the prorogation, but could do nothing till he knew 
Coleman's thoughts. St. Germain observed to the French King's 
confessor the Duke's great power by the disgrace of law persons, and 
the vigorous counsells necessary to succeed in the traffic ke of the 
Catnolicks which came to the Duke by Coleman's inspiration who is 
linked to the comerce of the King, the Duke, and Catholicks. If the 
ambassador be preposest he may act in a way which may not be for the 
affayres of the Duke and the Catholicks." 

No. 11. 1675-6, January . . . — "St. Germain is glad that the Duke and 

Catholicks have reaped the pi'ofit of his actings, they act differently 
with him in giving him no share in the comerce of the Duke and 
English Catholicks with the French King's confessor and the new 
ambassador. If he be not authorised by the Duke and Catholicks to 
carry on their desires to the confessor, what can he doe. Let St. 
Germain be iustructed how he ought to carry himself to the new 

^^•^2. 1675-6, January 26, February 5.—" Hath nothing in it." 

No. 13. 1675-6, January 29.—" If the Duke's letters to the King of France 

hath noe successe St. Germain cannot enter into the comerce till 
Coleman get him money from the Duke." 

No. 14. 1675-6, February 15.—*' Signifies little." 

No. 15. 1675-6, February 9. — "The Duke and Catholicks highly convinced of 

St. Germain's actings. St. Germain have strongly urged to the French 
King's confessor that he should not suffer any to transact with the King 
but the Duke of Yorke, and that Coleman was the fittest to bring things 
about. They say Coleman is for violent counsels, and being come but 
newly in the comerce would be the cheife of the trade and is not 
authorised. The confessor would have the Dutchesse write the French 

jj^ ^y 1675-6, February 26. — " Speakes that the confessor would speake to 

the French King about 100000 crownes. It will be almost impossible 
to get it." 

No. 18. 1675-6, February 23. — " Is not of any importance." 

No. 19. 1 675-6, March 1 . — " I expect the Duchesses letter to desire St. 

Germain's letter to treat with the King of France. St. Germain is of 
Coleman's opinion concerning the Lord Treasurer which is necessary to 
be known in the French King's shop or it will hurt the comerce." 

No. 20. 1675-6, March 8-18.— The Cathuhcks have desired me to write to 

Coleman to knowe the condition of thoir attaires. If he could obtain 


the papers from the Duke [soe ?] Louy wauted he might have ended M88. of Sib W. 

the biisines with the French King, he wants money to be serviceable ^itzhebbbbt. 

to the Duke and Dutchesse having noe order to act. I am glad with 

what the Duke hath done, for the grand Treasurer hath great hopes 

about discourse the Duke have had with the Treasurer, but if the Duke (He.) 

anything with the French King bat through the confessor they will 

prefer the good of France before the Catholick religion, and of the 

Duke and others al)Out (?) England for the advantage of France, 

counsells of war have here an absolute ix)wer which is not for the 

[busines] of England and the Catholicks. Montecuculi and the Duke 

of Yorke are the two first that put it in the Dutchesse head to thinko 

closer of the trafficke than she had done." 

Endorsed " Tenn letters of Germain to Coleman. Abstracted by 
Sir John Knight, Sir Thomas Lee, Sir Robert Sawyer." 

[^Another double sheet in continuation.^ 

" Substance of some of St. Germain's letters to Coleman." 

1675-6, March Ho. — I *' delivered yesterday the Dutchesse letter to No. 21. 

the confessor for the King of France, he carryes a memorinll to sj)eake 
efectually to the King to her satisfaction. The confessor hath Cole- 
man's Istter, he may answer it when he hath seen the suecese. The 
King of France is melancholy and the Emperor armes powerfully, the 
Duke's Treasurer is well disposed to the good suecese of this busines, 
as they tell St. Germain. Coleman must be better known to the 
confessor and French King by the negociating the trafficke, and wishes 
the Duke had some occasion to send Coleman to France to treat of some 
point of the comerce. St. Germain gave the confessor a memoriall of 
the affayres of Antwerp, the confessor is to act so that the French 
King may write back to the Dutchesse. If Coleman would come 
impowered to France with the Duke's commission he may obtaine 
something of the promises. Send me newes of Dutchesse Mazarin and 
the Dutchesse of Portsmouth. 

1676, March 29.— The confessor have done hisdutyintheDutchesse's No. 22. 
busines and followed the memoriall. I hoped to have satisfaction for 
the merchants of Antwerp who would settell a new factory in some 
other citty of that country, as Lisle, but the King of France had 
said that sort usually promise to ask nothing for their manufactures 
but when they get their desires then they are burdensome to the 
publicke. The English Embassador's secretary is not Coleman's 
friend, concerning the Duke and that Coleman had made a proposal to 
the Duke that had displeased him, and his secretary insinuates into the 
Confessor's afectiun that he may make what impressions in him he pleaseth, 
so the affayres of England, aiul the Duke and Catholicks be prejudiced if 
he designes contrary to Mr. Coleman's designes. 

1676, April The French King will write to the Duchesse No. 23. 


concerning the busines on foote to give her satisfaction. The new 

ambassador's secretary is Darvest [?] with a German to befriend him 

to the Confessor ^d seemes zealous for the Duke. I desire to know if 

the Duke have truste<l him with the secret of his affayres, St. Germain 

entertaynes him to understand things that may be useful I to Coleman." 

1676, April 12. — " Courtin will not appeare publickly ai London No. 25. 
that he may take measures." 

1676, April 19. — " Sayth St Germain hath writ to the Confessor all No. 26. 
that Coll man desires as to the Archhishop of Dublin's designes and 


M8S. ofSirW. [Father Shelden] the temptations offered to Mont<?cuculi, 

FiTZHERBERT. £is conduct was surprising for the assistance St. Germain songlit for 
was that ho might sei-ve the Duke." 

y^ 2^ 1676, April 22. — " The Confessor shall understand the Dutchesse 

opinion of the French King's letter which mentioned [not her 
first omission, nor the busines under consideration. Madam de la 
Tremblaye's busines is every day more and more disordered betwixt 
Cardinal Altieri and the French King, it is hard to obtayne 
anything from Rome;, I did not beleeve the Duke and Dutchesse 
ought therefore to listen to Spayne for it cannot be done without 
breaking with France, the consequences of which ought to be weighed, 
things in Rome may be changed, the Pope cannot be alwayes the same, 
who cannot hold out long, and it cannot be done without an open 
declaration against France." 

^ 1676, April 30. — " Courtiu left Paris yesterday and will be at London 

*i before this letter. The Ambassador of England's secretary in France 

visited St. Germain . . . showed him what Coleman had written and 

^ the complaynt of the Ambassador, who denied strongly he had spoken 

it but said it was his master, and the secretary said all went very well in 

Coleman's shop." 

No. 29. 1676, May 3. — " The secretary of the English Ambassador in Finance 

hath desired St. Germain that his name might be put on the letters that 
should be sent to his Secretary that they may not be opened at his 
house. I know not what he meanes by it." 

No. 30. 1676, May 6. — " St. Germain have a . . . inclination to foUow his 

traflSck, which makes him desire letters from the Duke and Dutchesse 
that he may make it apear he is desired in England to be left in the 
shop. If St. Germain could obtain the Duke, Dutchesse, or Coleman's 
letter to the Confessor, and to St. Germain's master who is employed 
here as Strange is in England, he may continue here and be usefull 
to the Catholicks. The Confessor is a little bould man and rash in many 
things, but by no means trust him. You mention not any affaires of 
England nor of the money the King will make use to satisfy his 
creditors, nor of the dissolution of Parliament, nor of the man that is to 
fsucceed St. Germain. Can it be possible that the Duke and Dutchesse 
should permit Mazarine to succeed the Dutchesse of Portsmouth ; nay 
will the King do this discurtesy to the Duke and Dutchesse. Madame 
la Tremblay have writt to me to treat of her busines but I do not relish it." 

No.31. 1676, May 10.—" Hath nothing at all materiall in it." 

No. 32. 1676^ May 13.—" Hath nothing in it." 

No. 33. 1676, June 15. — '' IVlr. Grey came to see me to let Coleman know the 

English Ambassador's Secretary visited him and spoke of Coleman in 
an angry manner as if the Duke was offended with Coleman for 
bragging that he made the Duke doe what he did." 

No. 34. 1676, June 21. — " Mr. de Grey doe not write Coleman this post 

but wisht me to write you that Shelden told the English Ambassador's 
Secretary that the Duke had chid Coleman ; St. Germain expects the 
Duke of Yorke's papers, in his favour the Secretary is St. Germain's 

No. 35. 1676, June 24. — "I received from Coleman the money he sent. I will 

be carefuU that money will efect all that Coleman intends. Lord Berkly 
as Monsr. Leighton tells me is preparing for Nimegueii, and Monsr. 
Montagu is to be here in his place. The King's Coi^essor would know 
if the new Ambassador that is to come from England be Coleman's 
friend, and if £100000 [or Crowns] may be usefull to Coleman and his 
other friends, and if it be it's necessary Coleman should speake to Ruvigny 


of it that he may be well received by him. In short 100000 crownes mss.oiSir w. 
lyes ready expecting the orders of Coleman, Is Coleman one of the ^"aHimEBT. 
new Ambassador's friends in England, the English Secretary came to 
me yesterday half drunke and said Coleman is out of favour with the 
Duke. All this puts Mr. Grey in pain." 

1676, June 28. — ** I shall not speake of the busines of Antwerp till No. 36. 
the man you write of is come back. The Ihitchesse desire of having 
Patouillet in her house they say the Duke concernes himself in. It is 
discovered she hath moved for it at Rome. It is fitt her desire should 
be satisfied because it will [help] St. Germain here to serve his friends. 
Mr. Coleman must perswade the Dutchesse to write to Monsr. de * 
Cham pis, who is the same person here as Mr. Strange is among you, to 
give her that person. It is needful to know what the Duke's confessor 
saith of it to the Duke and Dutchesse." 

1676, July -Ty. — "The difiiculties that occur touching the sending No. 87. 

l^atouillet in the place of St. Germain occurs to me. If the Duke would 
cause one to write to the King of France to write tlu^ King of England 
to give St. Germain leave to come to England to cleare himselfeit might 
be obtained. 

I have received the great packet which Boatman sent me from the 
Lord Bellases, I desire you to keep me as much as you can in his good 
opinion, because he is a man hath much obliged me to be his servant." 

1676, July yr. — . . *' . came to see me and desires his letters may y^^ ^ 

bo a(kiressed to himselfe. If you take care that the Duke and Dutchesse 

|)er.sist in their desires to have the person proposed in St. Germain's 

pluce he will be able to serve his friends." 

1676, July "To. — " Hath in it nothing of moment." No. so. 

1676, July ^•— " Hath nothing of moment." j^o. 4o. 

1676, July — • — " "St. Germain is obliged to Coleman for his paynes no.41. 

[or papers] he wanted. Ruvigny is bent against the Jesuits and the 
Duke and Coleman. Ruvigny told me the King of England had taken 
from the Portugall Ambassador the use of his Chappell, and finds the 
storme will fall on France and the Catholicks, and it will ruin the 
Catholick religion and prove fatall to the Duke, for which he blames the 
Jesuits and Coleman who are in greatest aversion to the Protestants and 
to one part of the Catholicks and the Ministers of State those that are 
of the condition of the French King's Confessor and the Duke's doe act 
imprudently in that they are intangled betwixt the King and the 
Catholicks and would produce an unlimited authority, and such steps as 
Coleman makes must destroy them, and they will atribute all this to 
Fi'ance, and the persecution will be against the Duke and the Catholicks 
and all the Jesuits, and above all against France." 

1676, November -Q. — " The King's Confessor have answered the 

Duke of Yorke as you knowe the King of France doth not seem eager 
in vour busines, and its said such letters from foraigno parts are not to 
him acceptable." 

1676, November j^. — " Speakes about perfecting that of the No.54.. 
merchants of Antwerp, and satisfying the desire of the Dutchesse, 


M8S. OF Sir w. knoweth somewhat about ihe King of France Lis soune but must iii*st 

PiTZHERBEET. kuowe the truth if the Prince of Orange's designe that soe nearly con- 

cernes the Duke, for there is no pleasure in taking false measures." 

j^Q 55 1676, November 11. — " I gave a memoriall about the merchants of 

Antwerp, he hath heard Ruvigny's confessor sent word that the Duke 
of York was a lost man, and that some of his friends gave him pernitious 
counsells, and he gave too great credit to them. You see by it Ruvigny 
is noe friend to the Duke, and governes all the comerce. Coleman must 
look into it.'' 

1676, November 18. — '' That Coleman might have a pension, for though 
the state he be in may hinder it, yet the life he will put into busines 
and the service he renders to the Catholicks will incline the Pope to it, 
to whome he must " 

« -. 1676, April 18. — St. Germain hath somewhat to say about the 

English Ambassador's Secretary, but by Coleman's letter I see he 
desires that nothing should be writt to him of the Secretary's actions. 
Knows nothing of Coleman's proposition to the Duke, but hears it was 
refused. What you write about the Parliament's dissolution is held to 
be certayne. The French King is on [too] . . ill termes with the 
Pope and Catholicks to ingage on that side in anjrbody's favor. It is 
wisdome to expect a better conjuncture." 
Endorsed '' No. 21. From Sir J. Trevor." 

[St. Germaine to E. Coleman.] 

' 1675-6, January yz. Paris. — '*I have sent you back the answer of 

two letters of Madamoiselle de la Tremblay. St. Germain a year ago 
told you of his departure as a secret. I know that the Spanish Ambas- 
sador took part with St. Germaine only in order that there might not be 
any French about the Duke or Dutchesse. I think his successor ought 
not to be taken from the country of the King's Confessor, or of the 
Duchesse. St. Germaine thinks that a justification of his conduct is 
absolutely necessary, more for his companions' and the Catholics' sake 
than for his own. Mr. Courtin is named as Ambassador to England. 
St. Germaine does not find the opinion of Coleman concerning his 
voyage into England in the company of the French Ambassador, De 
Ruvigny's successor, convenient. Having been with the Dutchesse he 
would not for anything in the world be with de Ruvigny's successor, for 
his own credit and for that of the Duke and Dutchesse. Moreover it 
could not be done unless the Duke obtains it from the King of France. 

He may however come in this manner for a short stay, and then 
return, or else enter into the Duke and Dutchesse' service again. 

It is not likely the Duke will give notice that he desires this. 

St. Germain will speak today to the King's Confessor for a pension 
for Coleman. 

St. Germain owes the Duke's treasurer 20 guineas. It is all he has 
left of that which he received from the Dutchesse and for his furniture, 
and he has great need of it, were it only to pay for the postage of 
English letters." 

[Much more about schemes for St, Germaine* s future employment 
and advantage,^ 

Endorsed No. 6. 

to Mr. Coleman. 

1675-6, January tq. Paris. — "I did not think to have writt to you 

this day but that Monsieur the Duke of Mazerin Iiaving charged me 


with two letters and praying me to engage some of our friends to serve Mss. ofSibW. 
him with iheir Royall Highnesses in his designe which he hath to reduce ^"^^f^"*^- 
liis wife to her duty by all the wayes of sweetness which they can 
employ. I did believe you would be willing to contribute all your 
cares to soe good a worke? you may assure their Highnesses that Monsr. 
the D. of Mazarin is altogether disposed to receive his wife with all the 
sincerity and kindness possible, and to forgett all that's past and to live 
with her in a manner that shall intirely satisfie her and that he does pray 
their Highnesses to give themselves the trouble to be his arbitors as to 
this agreement. 3° to obtain the same consent of his wife. 4° that 
besides a separation which she demands and one or two other articles of 
the like importance, to which he cannot nor ought not to condescend 
without loosing himselfc to the world, he is ready to agree to any thing 
their Highnesses shall ordaine, and that he most humbly prayes their 
Royall Highnesses to determine this difference as soon as may be to 
prevent the evil consequences that may happen in your Court ; and prays 
in fine their Koyall Highnesses not to acquaint any one, but those whome 
he employes in it, with the great desire he hath expressed for accommo- 
dation, for feare the Duchesse his wife will become more difficult and 
draw some advantages from it against him. I adde further that the t^tay 
and sight of this Duchess in England is not advantageous to Madam 
Duchess of York and that this vagabond life is not yery honourable, that 
she hath aspirritthat is jocund and perhapps dangerous that may inspire 
ill councolls into soe sweet a Princess as her Royall Highness and that in 
the end it is to be feared that your great Master who is not an enemy 
to faire ladies espouse not the interest of this faire lady in such a 
manner as will not be honoui-able to you or us, that this accomodation is 
her strict duty before God ; that this Duchesse is obliged to say many 
things against her husband to justifie her selfe all which are false, and 
in the end I pray you to returne me an answer as soon as you can for 
to intrust me of all that is to be done to make this negotiation succeed ; 
the Duke hath writt to my Lord Bellises to serve him with th(»ir Royall 
Highnesses ; see then that you give that Lord this lettre of the Duke's 
and take together such measures as are necessary to determine this 

difference. I was at the K. of France his Confessour but could not 
find him. I will use my endeavour in that I told you of, speake not to 
the D. of York of the twenty guinnies unless to good pturpose I had 

39 93 

rather you would think of the letters of the Duke & Duchess for the 
King of France for they would be more advantageous to me. I prav 

you make my compliments to my Lord Peterborough & Count 

Montecuculi. I have sent to Monsr. Benifeild and desire you to com- 
municate to him what I have writt to you concerning this affaire of the 
D. of Mazarine, doe not show him my letter but tell him what is 
contained in it to this point." 

" Translated by 

Richard Temple. Superscribed to 

Mr. Coleman, 


Endorsed " No. 7. Nothing in it." 

[The Same to the Same.] 

) 676-6, January -, Paris. — " St. Gtermaine will not accept Coleman's 

suggestions that he come over with the Ambassador except upon the 


MSS. OP Sir w. understanding that it is to be only for a time until his affaii'B are settled, 
PiTZHERBEBT. and that he may have the employment he had in the commerce. St. 
Germaine much wishes for information from Coleman as to what things 
should be communicated to de Ruvigny's successor." 
" Translated by Sir George Downing." 
Endorsed " No. 8." 

to Mr. Coleman the Duchesse of York's Secretary. 

1675-6, January ^, Paris. — " I am not satisfied with your letter 

of Twelfth day even Sir — it hath given mee imperfect newes, and 
doth neither tell mee all that I am to say, nor what I am to doe, as to 
what it saith to me, I hope that after you shall have well cryed the 
King's drinkes you will let me know all concerning this matter ; you 
yet owe me answers to three of my letters at least that is to say to 

Q 1 O 

that of the 2- of January to that of the . _ and that of the — 

15 -^ 18 22 

without reckoning this which mentions the others. Think of paying 

mee all these debts. The last which I received from you is of jp, of 

January, Mons. Ruvigny is said to have complained of . . . [torri] 
of the King of France, Mons. St. Germain, and their friends. They 
have no hand in his conserne, but why doth he suffer his wife to doe all 
things according to her fancy it is written hither that the enemy of 
Monsieur St. Germain is there always that 14 of the domesticks are 
turned away because they are of the number of the Catholiques and 
the French Catholiques have made a complaint about the business of the 
Cooke, all this having been written out of England just after the business 
of St. Germain hath done him noe good : but undoubtedly St. Germain 
hath behaved himself in this business like an honest and a worthy man. 
The brother of the wife of Monsieur Ruvigny hath yesterday gone 
on a visit to Mons. St. Germain about this matter and desires him to 
go and see the confessor of the King of France and give a good 
character to him of Mons. Ruvigny and his wife. I should be very glad 
that Coleman would lett Mons. St. permain know what he ought to 
doe upon the request of this lady, and whether he should speak to the 
Confessor of the King of France concerning this matter not that they 
think that they can both together doe anything therein, but that 
Coleman may see that wee will doe all that he thinkes fit, here is not 
any newes at all. There is a discourse of the manifest of Don Juan. 
I have not as yet seen it. The Secretary of Mons. Ruvigny is yet 
here and is to goe see [torw] Mons. St. Germain which runs concerning 
M. St. Germain and the Confessor of the King of France makes the 
f ormer*^ more considerable than ever, but he dare not bragg of anything." 

" These translated by 
Sir George Downing." 
Endorsed No. 9. 

[St. Germaine to E. Coleman.] 

January 22 
1675-6, - pebruarv 1 ' — '^ ^° ^^^ ^^^ *^^^ ^*^^ spoke plainly to you 
about the affaire of St. German, he has told me that when he left 
England, he bid it adieu for ever in his own thought, and when he 
he writt to Coleman twas only to show what was to bee done, supposing 
they desired to see him again. Although by other letters he was well 


informed, there was some in England that neyther loved him nor wish't MSS. of Sis w. 
his company below. What the Duke has said to Coleman is very Fitiherbbbt. 
oblidging ; St. German is glad that the Duke and the Catholicks have 
reaped the profitt of what he only receives the comendations ; whilst in 
truth hee is punisht for having deserved that prayse ; or to say better 
used as if hee ha<l not merited it, there are 2 things that make it plainly 
appeare that they act very differently with him from what they tell 
him; the one that in the country where he is, they give him noe 
share in the comerce of the Duke, and the English Catholicks, with 
the King of France the Confessor and the new Ambassador, which 
would bee the only true sign of the pretended satisfaction they make 
show to have of him, and in truth was the only thing he expected, when 
hee quitted England, as that which T^onld have lett the King and his 
Confessor see that the Duke was effectively satisfied with his conduct, 
for tell mee in truth Sir you that understand the world, how can a man 
appeare in theyr presence, or addresse to them having nothing to say. 
The other thing is that the Duke is contented with a generall answer 
in the bysinesse of St. Germaines friend without sending the answers to 
him himselfe ; which they will be sure to make onely to his friend ; all 
this letts St. German see clearely, they are content to draw all the 
advantages they can from his affaire and not at all concerned whether 
hee profitt in the least by it or noe. Mr. Monticuculi has made word 
bee sent" mee that he had performed what hee promis'd St. German and 
that he should have letters of it by the 19th instant ; hee has not yett 
received them ; tis the onely thing he has pretended to, because tvnll bee 
a full proofe they are satisfied with him in case the Duke would helpe 
in earnest, and not after a superficiall manner, which St. German appre- 
hends much, they had promist alsoe the King of England's letters, and 
even those of the Queen besides all this, this kindnesse would putt him in 
a condition to continue his comerce, for his misfortune having left him 
without money or pension which he formerly disposd of at his pleasure, 
hee is reduced soe low that he canot enter into the ti'afick, not having 
wherewithall to pay for the letters; France has not heard of the 
Swedes successe, soe St. German doubts it, hee expects Coleman's 
answer to all that is in this letter which hee desires you to comunicate 
to him for if he is not authorised by the Duke and the Catholicks to 
carry theyr desires to the Confessor what can hee doe in the favour of 
Coleman, who wants not enemyes who write hither against him, as 
St. Germain has allready sent Coleman word, weigh well these things, 
and cause St. German to bee instructed how he ought to behave 
himselfe hereafter, advise Coleman lo take care to prevent the new 
Ambassador, for assuredly the Secretary of the old one will endeavour 
to pursuade this, to act like the other to gain creditt by that means to 
whatever hee has done good or bad. I am told a pleasant story that 
Luzancy has here held forth most edifyingly to the wife of one 
waiting man to Mr. Ruvigni as shee has been Madam de Ruvigni's 
woman ; if shee prove it and will make the drole better understood, 
The D. possibly will not bee displeas'd to know and publish it. 
" Richard Corbett " [is written at the head of the letter]. 
Endorsed No. 1 1 . 

The Same to the Same. 

January 26 
1675-6* p-r y — Application for payment of a pension gi-anted 

by the Duchess of York to an English widow who is with the Nuns of 
the Visitation of St. Mary, at Dieppe. Mr. Bedingfield knows how to 
send the money. 



^^TzmsEBEET*. If the Dukc's letter haa come a week since, as Montecuculi promised, 
— St. Germaine might have received something of tlie King of Fmnce. 

Pray tell M. du Puy's I am in great -want of my trunk, without 
it I cannot live long here where people never tarry when they are 

" Hen Capell " [at the head of the letter]. 
Endorsed No. 12. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1675-G, February ~ . — T know not wliy my letters are so long on 

the way unless it be the fault of tlie keys of the boxes where post 
letters are put, and so may be carried too late to the English post. 
I will send a person today on purpose t-o the post house with this, and 
not to the boxes. I have twice requested you to present my respects 
to, my Lord Peterborough, and to the Marquis Montecuculi, whose 
cyphers are 10 and 2d respectively. 

[Complains of irregularity in corresponJenco.] Montecuculi to 
St. Germaine gives him but little hope, and 41 or Mr. Ruvigny bcigins 
to fear that Montecuculi has not managed the business with Lord 
Peterborough, as he promised. 

This delay is enough to do away with all the feelings of kindness 
which the King of France and his Confessor have now for St. Gennain, 
who desires no more than a letter of recommendation in general to the 
King of France in favour of his nephew (St. Germaine). 

'< I have no great converse with the man of St. Louis, for reasons Til 
tell you in time, and who will call himself Warner when I shall speak to 
vou ofF it. Tis Mr. Sheldon's humour to love war wherever there is, 
and I am sure he is not Coleman's friend, no more than those are who 
love soft and cowardly counsells which Mr. St. Germaine did not dare 
name having no cypher to describe it to Coleman in." 

St. Germaine has spoken highly of Coleman [as in the epitome] but 
he does not carry weight as he would if he were made a confidant in 
the whole affair. It is said that Coleman is for violent council <fee. [a* 
in the epitome], 

St. Germaine is anxious t-o be useful to Ruvigny. 

«* Translated by Mr. Neale." 

Eiidorsed No. 15. 

[The Same to E. Coleman.] 

1675-6, February-^. — " I received yours of the -^ instant. Mr. 

St. Germain was this morning to see the King's Confessor and the new 
Embassador Mons. du Ruvigny, they both of them have a great kind- 
ness for you. And Mons. Ruvigny told Mons. St. Germain that he 
would see you as soon as he gott to his house in England. If you 
would communicate any thing to him you may write it to Mons. St . 
Germain. But for the King of France's money he is so alarmed on 
all sides that it will be almost impossible to gett the 100,000 cfowns. 
The Confessor has promised to speak earnestly to the King about it. 
I writ you a letter for his Royal Highnesse, but you say nothing of it, 
no more than of the two friends. I have 3 times mentioned to you 
the King goes into Flanders and the Duke of Orleans will be generall 
under him. 1 have not time to say more. Madam la Tremblav desires 


you'd assist her in the design she has and that you'd offer her your MSS. opSibW, 

services, doe what you can for her. Sho had another project which F^^^^f^BBBT, 

sheel tell you of hei*sel6. If I had time I'd desire you more att large to 

sei*ve her." 

^ Endorsed 1^0. 15. 

Encbitell Gbat to Mr. Coleman. 

February 23 „ _ _ , . , 

1675-6, v| 1 . — ^ — ^1 our last letter by which you acquaint mee 

to have received mine of tlie 15th 19th and 22 of Feb. is without 

date. I thank you for the pains you have taken to see (34) the 
Earle of Peterburrow and (35) the Count Monticuculi and for the offer 
you make mee from (62) Mr. Coleman upon whom I will rest my 
selfe intirely concerning the affaire of (49) Monsr. St. Germain. 
This (44) Monsr. Colbert attends with impatience the letter of 
(93) the Duchess to work strongly with (488) the King's Confessor 
neare (1G3) the King of France. (49) Monsr. St. Germain will 
indeavour to see (451) the Secretary and will thank him for what hee 
has said of him unto (62) Mr. Coleman. Hee will see him to-day and 
will comuuicate that answer, to write again on Saturday to {62) Mr. 
Coleman. That which (488) the King's Confessor shall have said to 
him. (163) the King of France appears of late very sadd. They say 
'tis because Easter approaches. I'le tell you for news the Prince of 
Conde excuses himself from going to the warr. Hee is retired to 
Chantilly twelve leagues from Paris. The Chevallier D'Humieres 
brother to the Marshall of that name is sent to the Bastile for having 
demanded leave that he may not goo to the warr and to give his 
regiment to his nephew, who comanded in Alsatia and was taken 
prisoner by a party of the enimy when hee went out upon a party. But 
Floranzen hath killed too or three hundred of those men and if our 
comander had not binne taken the affair had binne very well for us. I 
know itt by a letter from the sonne of Monsr. Vantelett who was in the 
action. Monsr. de Vantelett salutes you. Visit sometimes Monsr. 
Tartereau, bee so kind to mee to salute him on my part, in earnest ; and 
madam your wife to whom I am a most humble servant. Send mee 
word if you have received a letter which 1 wrote to his Royall Hinesse 
the Duchess of Yorke 26 January 5 February of which you have not 

Endorsed No. 18. \^A CopyS\ 

[St. Germainb to the Same.] 

March 29 
1676, ^-T — jrrr . — " Add to the Epitome " that the memorial contained 

an expression of the Duchess' displeasure at not receiving an answer to 
her letter of last year. Desire Coleman to write speedily to St. C^rmain 
to assure him tiiat the merchants of Antwerp have wherewithal to 
establish themselves without being chargeable to the public. 

News from the seat of war. 

I am extremely obliged for your kindness to those good people who 
have passed into France. Pray thank the captain of the yacht who took 
care of them. 

What is the truth about the Duchesse of Mazarine ? The Duchesse 
of Cleveland is visited by all the English. I have not yet seen her. 
What do you advise me to do ? It is said she intends to retire to an 
Abbey of the Cordeliers at I,ongchamps in the Bois de Boulogne, two 
leagues from Paris. 

E 64159. F 


Mss. OF SrR w. \,C!opy.'] Endorsed "No. 22, [awe?] St. Germain to Coleman, trans- 

FITZHERBERT. I^^gj ^J R. Whitlej." 

[Tlie Same to the Same.] 

1675-6, February 15. — I received your letters and the same day saw 
the person you desired me to speak with. He was a little surprised that 
there was no letter from the Duchess to the King of France. He pro- 
mised to speak to the King. " I told him Mr. St. Germaine would be 
glad of the businesse, that it might make it appear to England and the 
Duke that they had some kindness for him in 112. He fell a laughing 
upon it and told me that the King of France was hard to be pleased in 
those kind of matters, so I think it were necessary that the Dutchesse 
should write a short letter to the King of France, and that Mr. St. 
Germaine should deliver it to the Confessor.", 

[About the Fleet at Messina.] 

You are liberal of your news to Mr. Warner, who ought to repay 
you. I have little to give but I am willing to serve you. 

I am in the greatest trouble because I hear nothing of my trunk and 
box which are in the hands of Mr. du Puis and which he had promised 
to send me with Mr. Bedingfield. I see that having driven me out of 
England nobody cares what may become of me in France, 

You are now the only man I can trust in. 

You owe me an answer to four letters. 

" Translated by Mr. Neale." 

Endorsed No. 14. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1676, April jg.—" Translated by Sir E. Dennys." 

I believed that the King of France had himself remembered his 
omission to answer the Duchess's letter, but now understand that it may 
be due to Ruvigny's letter upon the subject. It will be necessary for 
Coleman to write to St. Germain and let him know if the King has 
written the letter, and if she is satisfied, before St. Germain writes 
anything to the King's Confessor, 

St. Germaine had something to say to Coleman about the Secretary 
of the English Ambassador, but as what he had already said gave 
displeasure he will say no more now. Perhaps it will be necessary to 
hinder the French Ambassador who is going into England i'roni 
discovering his mind to the Secretary as St. Germain was informed 
yesterday by the Confessor he intends to do. St. Germain cannot 
understand how the King of England could dispose of 12, 84 [note'] (not 
in the key) nor in whose favour. It is a riddle which both cf us 
would like to understand, for it seems that he is in a better condition 
to receive than to give. 

What you write about th6 dissolution of Parliament is held as a thing 
most certain. 

" What Coleman writes about Madame de Tremblay and the little 
inclination 35 [note'] (not in the key) now hath for 88 (Madame de la 
Tremblay) and for the people of 120 (France) because he is not satisfied 
with the conduct of 163 (the King of France) towards his master, makes 
him fear least he should serve 49 (St. Germain) as he doth 88 (Madame 
de la Tremblay) about which matter he desires a frank and sincere 
enlightening from 62 (Coleman). But to speak the truth 1 take that to 
be a meer pretence of 35 who will meddle no more with those things, 


for he very well knows that 103 (the French King) is upon too ill termes MSS. op Sib w. 
with 25 (the Pope) 47 [note] (not in the key) and 45 (Catholick religion) ^"ziierbebt. 
to engage himself to make any step on that sidp, in anybody's favour, 
and you see the reason of it. It is therefore wisdome to expect a more 
favourable conjuncture, and in the meanwhile not to neglect one's old 

For my part I have no concern in that business and care only for the 
interests and that passionately of the Duke, Duchesse, Coleman, and 
St. Germaine. 

St. GeiTnaine has sent two books to the Duchesse, and would havo 
been glad to send presents to the Duke, Coleman, and the Confessor, 
but had no opportunity, and might also have displeased others . . 
** Poor 49 (St. Germaine) knows not which way to go to work to do 
what he hath a mind to, yet in a little time he hopes to send as many to 
62 (Coleman) by another opportunity." 

You do not take enough care of your health. 

I have taken the liberty of writing to the Duchesse of York but do 
not deliver the letter till the present comes. 

[ Copy.] Endorsed No. 24. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1676, April—. — I enclosed a letter which I beg you will present 

to his Royal Highness with two books you will receive from Madame 
de Glascock. 1 hear here several matters relating to the Duke of York, 
but do not take the least notice. St. Germaine has had a conference 
with the Secretary of the new Ambnssador and has engaged him in a 
firm friendship with Coleman. Mr. Courtin hopes to get dispatched the 
beginning of next month, and is to abido in London for some time 
without appearing in quality as ambassador that he may better take 
measures as to lodgings and all the rest. 
[ Copy,'\ Endorsed No. 25. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1676, April— . — St. Germain understands perfectly all that you 

have written and believes that he comprehends more than you would 
have him know. \Next follows the epitome.'\ 

Montecuculi's conduct is suprising to St. Germaine who finds, since he 
has heard from Coleman, that he is concerned therein as well as others, 
and suspects that they are but pretences to evade serving him for the 
future. The matter however is of small consequence, only it is a 
wonder they refuse poor St. Germaine so small a comfort for the 
injustice done to him. 

\Copyi\ Endorsed No. 2Q. 

[St. Germaine to the Same.] 

April 22 
1676,— ^jT^ ^. — {III addition to the Epitome'], I beg pardon 

for my last letter. I was in an ill humour for my affairs are in a very 
ill condition. I fear St. Germaine will be removed from the place where 
he now is. I shall run out of my wi'>s if poor Madame de la Tremblay's 
afi^airs do not go well. 

St. Germaine will write on indifferent topics to Montecuculi. Had 
not written before because he was a little disturbed. 

News from tlie seat of war. 

Copy, Endorsed No. 27. 

F 2 


Mss. ofSibw. to Mr. Coleman. 

FiTZHEBBEBT. April 30 

— 1676,-^7; — q-. — " I have not received any of your letters these two- 

posts. I do not doubt but your great business hindered you. Yet- 
I am not witliout great concern for it upon many reasons that yoa 
understand well enough without my telling you. I have given to 
Mr. Doleith who goes with Monsr. Courtin into England the first 
volume of the Croisade to present to Her Royal Highness the Duchess. 
I desire the favor of you to present this Mr. Dolbeith and my book to 
Her Royal Highness and to make my most humble excuses for not having 
sent the first volume of the Croisades before the second supposing she 
had already read it. I do not know if the history of the government 
of Venice be come to your haYids. I desired long ago that you might see 
the manifesto which Mr. de St. Germain made in his defence, you have 
not written me word that you have seen it, or like it and what you think 
fit to be added or taken away. Mr. Bedingfield may have it or Mr. 
Strange. The trenches of Bouchain would not be opened before the 
fifth of May, our stile. The Canon was not to arrive before .two days 

past, being thursday the May. The King is about Quesnoy and 

secures Monsieur's army that lyes before Bouchain and all our frontiers 
from the ennemys that are about St. Ghilain and Mons. The fight of 
Messina is false. Mr. de Navailles has defeated three or four hundred 
men of the garrison of Feguieres. Upon the King of England's 
declaring that the qualities given or omitted should not any way 
prejudice the rights of those that should give them or not receive them, 
the King after two protestations made in the hands of the King of 
England for his rights and pretentions consents to treate the Prince of 
Lorraine with Brother and Duke of Lorraine, so that 'tis believed your 
King will send by his Ambassador in Holland the passeports to the 

" Monsieur Courtin left Paris yesterday and will likely be at London 
before this letter. Mr. Guery his Secretary went away a day before 
and will come to London with him, he desires your friendship. 

The 451 (Secretary) of 41 (the Ambassador)of 110 (England) in 120 
(France) visited yesterday 49 (St. Germain) and shewed him a letter 
which acquainted him with all that 62 (Coleman) had written to 49 
(St. Germain) concerning the dissatisfaction and complaint of 400 
(the Ambr.) of 170 (the King) in 120 (France) and denyed strongly 
that he had spoken, but said it was his Master, 49 (St. Germain) con- 
fessed to him that amongst three or four persons that writ to him 
sometimes one had sent him word that the 41 (Ambadr.) was dissatis- 
fyed with him and resolved to speak to 39 (the Duke of York) with 
some sharpness but the 45 (Secretary) said that he feared nothing of all 
this. He added that all went very well in your shop. 'Tis written 
from 110 (England) to 49 (St. Germain) that 91 (Sheldon) is gone for 
120 (France) pray tell me if it be true ? If things do not change in 
110 ^England) in favour of 49 (St. Germain) it will shoitly cause a 
change in his concerns and they talk of giving him a little shop to 
govern that shall be altogether conformable to his trade and will carry 
* him fifty leagues from the place where he is at present. As he has 
always forseen this and thought himself not at all fit for that trade he 
had desirred that something might be done for him that 62 (Colemari) 
knows of to secure him from it and become more usefull to his friends 
in his first trade ; if things happen not according to his desire he is 
resolved to do what pleases God ; it will be well to acquaint 62 (Cole- 
man) of all this if you think fitting." 

Endorsed « No. 28." 


rSx. GERMAI^El to Mb. Coleman. 

3 -* MSB. OP Bib "W, 

1676, Maj-rr.. — I am somewhat grieved not to have received any 

letters from you these four posts. I do not know if it is that they are 
miscarryed or that you have not written any to me and supposing that 
you have not written if it be by reason of your businesse or dislike and 
if it be by reason of any dislike, if your dislike proceed from that I am 
unusefuU to you or that I have disobliged you. All this puts me to a 
non plus that you might clear me of oy declaring my sentence in forme 
that I may take my resolutions after my condemnalion. In the mean- 
while I will t<ill you that if this last cause be the occasion of my 
disgrace, which T can hardly believe from so true a friend as yourself, I 
cannot find after a long scrutiny that I have committed any sin that 
deserves such punishment whatever suspition may have been conceived 
by my friends who ouglit never to condemn theirs without hearing 
them. And 1 shall therefore bear my condemnation with much tran- 
quility of mind, provided I may understand ir, for in truth t'is something 
hard that on a snddain nothing is said to me without any chai'ituble 
information in what manner 1 am to be treated, but perhaps I am 
troubled without reason ; that may very well be, t'is your part to inform 
me of my good or evill destiny: in the meanwhile I will act according 
to my custome giving you notice of the depart of Mr. Courtin and his 
son and Mr. Dolbeith who you will see shortly. They are well infoimed 
with your merit. Last Tuesday at ten o'clock the armies of the King 
and the Prince of Orange were very near each other. The King had 
sent for Monsieur the Marchal de Crequy to the camp before Bochain 
with 20 squadrons that may make 2,400 horse ; t'is not known for 
what. Mr. de Vivone has given some discontent to our fleet for having 
not permitted them to find out de Ruiter, which he did for fearo that 
during the battle he might loose Messina and as that town was to chuse 
their magistrates on St. George's day 24 April he would keep all the 
French men near him. We have made a logement on the counterscarp 
of Bonchain free from the canon. St. Germain has told me that he 
hath written all things to the 488 (King's Confessor). Pray tell 62 
(Coleman) Sir. This is all I have to say at present only that the 451 
(Secretary) of the 400 (Ambr.) of 110 (England) in 112 (France) has 
had a fansey to pray 49 (St. Germain) that his name might be put • 
upon the letters that should be sent to this 451 (Secretary) of 1 10 
(England) that as he says they may not be opened at his house. I 
know not what he means by it nor 49 (St. Germain ;) but so it is. 
The armies are drawn of from each other as rhey say." 
indorsed No. 29. 

The Same to the Same. 

1676, May rrr. — I am troubled about the affairs of St. Gennaine. 

There is a great difference between St. Germaine and Mr. Coleman. 
The latter has far more business on his hands and runs far greater 
dangers, yet after all he is a merchant set up for himself and may cease 
Lis trade when he will, whereas St. Germaine is only a journey-man 
and may be sent anywhere and thus be prevented from carrying on his 
traific to which he has an incredible inclination. This it is which makes 
him desire letters from the Duke of York, and a pension from the 
Duchesse, so that it may appear to those in Enprland that it is desired 
to keep him in the shop. Coleman ought seriously to consider thiS| for 


MSB. OP SibW. things cannot possibly remain much longer as they are now. I promise 
FzTZHBBBBBT. ^^^ j ^.jj henccforih say no more about it. Your reprimand is 
infinitely dear to me, and I would rather receive such than that you 
should be silent for 3 or 4 posts. 

"Mr. St. Germaine lias told me that being naturally very punctual he 
has already writt those thoughts which he conceived the Dutchesse had 
in her head concerning the King of ""Prance's letter to the King's Con- 
fessor, with reflexions upon the consequences that may happen thereupon, 
but after I have acquainted him with what accounts you have given me 
from Mr. Coleman, I doubt not he will write to the King's Confessor, 
and send him word that Mr, Coleman hath discoursed with the Dutchesse 
after the manner which was fitting and has left her in the opinion she 
ought to have of France and the King of France. The King's Con* 
fessor or the new Mr. Eouvigny is charged with a second booke which 
you know of for the Dutchesse, as I sent you word. This Confessor of 
the King, to describe him to you, is outwardly well enough, and does 
not discourse amiss, but is a little soul, vaine, and rash in many things, 
and one that many times talks too much. Take your measures accord- 
ingly. One may make use of these qualities to fetch things out of him, 
but by no means trust him with them." 

You do not mention the affairs of England &c. [^as in the epitome]. 

What has become of Mr. Sheldon. He promised to come and used to 
be a man of his word, but now it is said he does not mean to come. 
Describes the taki?iff of BouchaineJ] 
About the Duchesse Mazarine as in the epitome.'] 

All I have said to Madame de la Tremblay is only to comfort her as 
best I could. 

Will Mr. Sheldon go to Rome? Address your letter for me to 
Mr. de Clairambant at the Silver Master in St. Anthony's Street, as I 
live such a long way from the post. 

Endorsed. " No. 30." 

" Cypher members are ttsedfor the proper names as usual ^ 

[St. Germaine] to E. Coleman. 

1676, May oq . — Mentions the death of Mr. Cranmei-'s son aged 16. 

The boy died a good Catholic. 
[Endorsed] "31. Nothing." 

The Same to the Same. 

13 8 

1676, May ^. — I have read your letter of To to Mr. St. Germaine 

and he desires you to informe Mr. Coleman that he is extremely obliged 
for it. St. Germain has quite lost his supply of money without which 
it is impossible for him to continue his negociation with Mr. Coleman. 
He feels that he has wholly broke word with Mr. Coleman because of 
this wicked money, and that he cannot be of any use in the future. 

[ The letter is addressed to Mr, Coleman, and endorsed No. 32. The 
usual numbers are used in the letter for the proper names,] 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1676, May gj — " I ^ve received yours of the 8/1 8 instant, and answer 

it instantly to lett you know that I have read it to Mr. St, Germain, 

at} MSS. OP Sib W. 


who desires you to assure Mr. Coleman that he is extreemely obliged to — 

him for all the good will ho has had for hiiii, and will remember it for 

62 100 

ever : that for labouring in what coucernes him, Mr. Coleman may make 
use of all conjunctures which he thinks favourable, and wait as long as he 

pleaseth, but as to the rest the true reason that has made Mr. St. Ger- 
main appear somewhat pressing that he has quite lost his supply of 

money, without which it is impossible for him to continue his negotia- 

tion with Mr. Coleman. This is the reason why he desires him to 
write to him no more, not being in condition to receive his letters because 

of this wicked money, which has wholly broake word with him and which 
being gone without hopes of returne, deprives him of the meanes of 
finding such a friend elsewhere and it was certainly the fearo of this 

desertion which Mr. St. Germain infallibly foresaw that forced him to 
make steps which have seemed too urgent in the meane while it is. neces- 
sary that he carrie himselfe as I have now said. It is likely also that 

39 93 

he will heereafter bee useless to the service of the Duke and Duchess and 

of the Catholiques. However it falls out his good will will never be 
wanting. Pray lett me know of your receiving this letter, and believe mee 
more your servant Sir than any person in the world. The Prince of 
Orange keeps constantly close in his quarters, and it being impossible to 
force him there, and he having more provision than was thought men 
beleeve the King will remove his station, and they talke of his returne to 
Paris, after his having sent away a great detatchment for Germany 
where it is supposed that the enemies army is very strong. No other 
ne^vs at present." 

Endorsed. "No. 32." 

\^At the head of the letter] " Sir Cyril Wyche." 

[The Samk] to the Same. 

1676, June «^. Paris. — " I must begin with telling you that 48. — 

prays you to return thanks to Coleman for the news he learnt of Mr. 
Morpary whereof he expects the execution as soon as may be, he 
assures me he has been above 3 months with his friends in order to 
maintain the corrispondence which he has with Coleman and that 
pure necessity obliged him to speak and act as he did, hereafter his 
affairs will change and for ever as he hopes because his friends in France 
will soon be in condition to render him no longer troublesome unto any. 
They say that Mr. Patouillet will have the vacant place, pray what is 
there of it ? Mr. Gray came to see me and desired 48. — to let Coleman 
know that the Secretary of the English Ambassador here gave him a 
visit and spoake to him of Coleman in an angry manner, as if tlie Duke 
was offended with Coleman for bragging that it wa^ he that made the 
Duke do what he did, in a word that he spoak and bragged too much. 
48. — has desired me to write thus much unto you to the end you may 
have the goodness to tell it to Coleman. I hope to write to you duly 
once or twice a week. We have no news but what is old and what 


FiTZHEE^BEBt!^' 7^^ know, I Only write unto you now to axjquaint you witli the senti- 
— ' ments of acknowledgement which 48. — has for ilie favours of CoJeman 
he would be very glad to know if he ought not to write to the Duchesse 
and how he ought to do it." 

Endorsed *• Translated by Sr. Robert Markham." 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1676, 'I^Bi^^ [Paris.]— «* Endorsed Cler. July 1st 1676. 
July 1. 

"I have received your leiter of the ;r;r-of June which came to my 

hands a little too late. By tho first post I will send you a certaine 
addresse whereby I may receive your letters betimes. I do not now 
repeat my thanks for your favours because I have done it already in 
my two Ibrmer. As yet I have not received that I expect from Mr. 
Morpain who hath satisfied himselfe with giving me the information 
that ho hoped I should have it in a little time. Mr. de Gray whom 
from this time forward we will call 87 came to see me this morning. 
He desired me to tell you that he would not write to you this post 
because I do. He also entreated me to send you word that you might 
tell 62 (Coleman) that what the 45- (Secretary) of 41 (the Ambassa- 

dour) from 1 10 (England) in 120 (France) had told him of 62 

(Coleman) came from 91 (Mr. Sheldon) who had told him where he 
DOW is, and that 39 (the Duke of York) had chid 62 (Coleman) in 
publick. Sheldon knowing of it 49 (Mr. St. Germain) wrote about the 
businesse of Antwerp and is much amazed there hath bin no answer to 
it after three letters which he hath written to 488 (the King's Con- 
fessor). You may see that 49 (Mr. St. Germain) broake off his corre- 
spondence only out of pure necessity, but since a doore hath bin 
opened for his entrance into it againe to be sure he will not give it 
over of his own accord. Moreover this 45 (Secretary of the Embassy) 
from the 150 (the King of England) pretends very much to be 49 (Mr: 
St. Germain's) friend, and to desire to live in a perfect good under- 
standing with him if 62 (Coleman) by that meanes can make use of him 
to get something done for 62 (Coleman's) advantage. 49 (St. Ger- 
main) doth impatiently expect tho 39 (Duke of York's) papers, there 
being one or two persons actually dead whose imploy ments might be 
obtained if one had good recommendations. Those papers cannot come 
too soone, and the affaires already had bin done if they had come ; but 
it is necessary ihey should be as perswasive as the quality of him that 
writes and of him to whom they are written to be writ. For news 1. 
The Kling sends out to forrage all about Mons, Cambray, and Valen- 
ciennes, that he may destroy that country, and cutts down all the wood 
he can to lay the country open. 2. Cond6 is wonderfully fortified, and 
the designe is to make it a kind of impregnable island. &c " 
[ General foreign news and reports,"] 

"Send me word whether Mr. Patouillet shall have Mr. St. Ger- 
main's place, and in what condition that affaire is. I must needs know 

it What eay you of 488 (the King's Confessor) and 

of the 451 (the Secretary) of 41 (Mr. Ruvigny) that is new come, what 
becomes of the old one." 

\At the head of the letter'] " Charles Oottrell." 
Endorsed No. 3 k 


[The Same to the Same.] mss. oi 8» w. 


1676, -^Hl?f [Paris.]—" I wrott to you by the last post and wite 
July 4. 

again today to give you notice that that the little 80 (money) came to mo 

last Thursday. I received it with all the demonstration of friendship 

which I owe to him from whom it came. I pray you let 62 (Coleman) 

know this and assure him that I will have all possible care about it, and 

will order it so by my cares that that little 80 (money) may affect all 

things according to the intention of 62 (Coleman). I expect a word from 

62 (Coleman) to know if I should write to 93 (the Dutchesse) to pay 

my respects concerning that you know of, and in what termes T ought 

to do it. As for those papers which you believe you can help me to, 

they would be of great use to me at this very moment for a very fair 

occasion does now present itself, and if I had them I doubt not but I 

should succeed in my designe. You have need of all your goodness 

not to be tired with my importunities. My Lord Bartley as Monsr. 

Leighton tells me prepares himself to be gone for Nimeguen within fi^re 

or six weekes: and that Monsr. Montague is to come hither in his 

place " ^ 

[^General foreign netDsJ] 

** 48 (the King's Confessor) prayeth 62 (Coleman) to let him know 
whether the new Ambassador that is to come from England into 
France he a friend to 62 {Coleman)^ and whether /^S {100000 crownes) 
may be useful to 62 (Coleman) and to his other friends near 41 (Mr. 
Ruvigny) and if it be it would be requisite that 62 (Coleman) should 
speah of IfS {100000) crownes to i^l {Mr. Ruvigny) to the end that he 
may be well received by him^ in short 4^ {100000 crownes) lye ready 
expecting the orders of 62 {Coleman), Are they pleased with the new 
Ambassador in England, and is 62 (Coleman) one of his friends ? His 
Secretary and 488 (the King's Confessor) are they friends to 62 (Cole- 
man) ? What does 98 (Mazarine) and 89 (Portsmouth) ; they said the 
other day that 89 (Portsmouth) was dead. 48 (St. Germain) hath 
written to 488 (the King's Confessor) for the merchants of Antwerp. 
87 (Monsr. Grey) is newly gone from me and prayed me to put his letter 
into mine. He sends you no newes because I hiave given you that 
little there is. He desires you to direct your letters alwayes to him for 

the reasons he gives you, and he assures me that he goes for to send 

you some that are better. Yesterday the 451 (Secretary) of 110 (Eng- 
land) 400 (Ambassador) in 120 (France) came hither to me being halfe 
drunk and told me many things concerning the new 41 (Ruvigny) of 1 10 
(England) in 120 (France), he pretends that 62 (Coleman) is much out 
of favour with 39 (the Duke of York) and that he knew nothing of the 
change, and that the union which 62 (Coleman) hath had with 41 
(Ambassador) of 120 (France) in 110 (England) is the cause that the 
new 41 (A.mbassador) [note] (Courtin) of 120 (France) in 110 (Eng- 
land) does not look upon him. All this puts 87 (Mr. Grey) in paine, 
and much more 48 (St. Germain), endeavour to know the truth of it 
from 62 (C)oleman) and send us word. When you write to me hence- 
forward use this addresse without anything else ; For Monsr. Corbett 
Advocate in the Counsell, in the street of Guinquampois att Paris. 
Your letters come to me so late that I cannot answer them till next post, 
but by this way I shall have them in a moment." 

[At the head of the letter] " Charles CottrelL" 
Endorsed " No. 35. Cler. July 4, 1676. Satterday." 


Mss. OP SibW. [The Same to the Same.] 

*• I have written four letters and had no answer. I wished my letters 
to be directed to Mr. Corbett because he dwells just against the Post 
house, and is careful to get and send on my letters quickly. I will not 
write about the Antwerp business until the King comes today or 

" Here is a business whereof I think myself obliged to give you notice, 
93 (the Dutchesse) desires to have Monsr. Patouillet in her house, and 
diey say that 39 (the Duke) concernes himself about it; in the meano time 
those persons with whom 49 (St. Germain) dwells have already retained 
him for them, and this desire of 93 (the Dutchesse) who hath moved for 
that at 43 (Home) is discovered, especially since that 488 (the King's 
Confessor) had desired that that should be done for the former person. 
Two things oblige me to write to you to pray you to tell 62 (Coleman) 
that 49 (St. Germain) would be very glad that 93 (the Dutchesse) 
should continue in her first resolution because it is fitt her desire should 
be satisfied, and moreover because by that meanes 49 (St. Germain) will 
find an imployment in the towne where he now is, which will iix him 
there for a long while, and will free him from the fear he is in of being 
sent somewhere else, and by that meanes he will be in a condition to 
serve his friends according to their desire. Let 62 (Coleman) think well 
of what I write in favour of 49 (St. Germain) who if that person go to 
93 (the Dutchesse) shall have that which was destined for him here; 
therefore 62 (Coleman) must needs tell 93 (the Dutchesse) that the 
friends of 49 (St. Germain) had engaged that person for themselves, and 
that it would be needful for 93 (the Dutchesse) to write or cause a little 
letter to be written to Monsr. de Champs (who is the same person here 
as Mr. Strange is amongst you) for to pray him to give her that person, 
and not to oppose her satisfaction in that point, for by that meanes the 
tiling will infallibly be done. If one could obtaine one little word by 
letter from 93 f the Dutchesse) for that person the thing would go bo 
liauch the better. But there is no time to be lost for there are those 
which will strive to prevent 62 (Coleman) with 93 (the Dutchesse) by 
getting her to retard her request by a yeare longer, that is to say, for 
ever, for if that busines be not done now it will not be done at all. 
i have convincing proof es of it. If 62 (Coleman) would write alsoe 
himselfe to 488 (the King's Confessor) to signify to him that one can by 
no meanes refuse 39 and 93 (the Duke and JDutchesse) without disoblig- 
ing and vexing them it would not be amisse, but it is necessary first to 
know what the 488 (the Confessor) of 39 (the Duke) has said concern- 
ing this matter to 39, and 93 (to the Duke and Dutchesse) for I doubt 
not but he has bin writt to about it. I beg one word of answer con- 
cerning this afiaire as soone as may be by the addresse of Monsr. 

Corbett The nephew and neece of Mr. Gray 

arrived here yesterday. The uncle salutes you, and the nephew will 
be shortly at London." 

[At the head of the letter] " Charles Cottrell." 

Endorsed " No. 36. Cler. 8 July." 

\_In these three letters the names are inserted after the numbers in a 
blacker ink than the rest of the letter, "^ 

[The Same] to the Same, 

1676, July j-r. Paris,— "I have already writt thrice unto you to give 
you thanks for the last obligations I have unto you, which enables me 


to continue my thanks, as I doe by this letter with all my heart and as ^^xzHBrnR?'^* 
I shall doe till I hear of your receipt of them. 87 — is come to see Mr. -— 

St. Germain this morning and desires that Coleman would send him his 
news directly to himself. Mr. St. Germain and 87 — will join together to 
communicate to Coleman what shall happen, remember to direct my 
letters to Mr. Corbet Advocate of the Couucill to the end I may receive 
them in good time. I writt to you about the difficulties that occurre 
touching the sending of Mr. Patouillier in the place of Mr. St. Germain 
and what is to be done thereupon. But there is come a thought into 
my head about this Mr. St. Germain which you may communicate to 
Coleman if you think fitt, which is if the Duke and Duchesse of Yorke 
would cause one to write to the K. of France's Confessor to engage him 
to speak to the K. of Franco to write to the K. of England to desire him 
to consider of the justification of Mr. St. Germain and that he would 
give him leave to come over and clear himself and that he might be 
under the protection of Mr. Ruvigny, the said Confessor will assuredly 
most efficatiously do it, and obtain it of the K. of France for reasons 
which I will Acquaint you with in due time, but if you doe not judge 
this fitt pray at least get the Duchesse to write or cause a letter to be 
written as soon as may be to the person who holds the same place now 
as Mr. Strange dos with you (who.^^e name I have acquainted you 
formerly with) that he may grant the request of the Duchesse for this 
is of the most utmost consequence to St. Germain. I am much con- 
cerned that I have no news from you, I know not why you are so silent. 
I am afiraid that what I writt to you concerning }'our Ambassador's 
secretary is the cause, pray free both me and 87 — from our fears. 
Maastricht is invested they say by the Prince of Orange, and that the 
King who came hither but on Wednesday night last is about to returne 
again. Others say the peace is made with Holland and that Brabent is 
given to the Prince of Orange and that they will let him take Maestricht 
whilst the King will take Yalanciennes and Cambray, I referre my selfe 
to the issue. The process of Madam Brinvilliers is much advanced, 
but is a great secret yet. Pray think on Mr. St. Germain and on me. 
I am just now told that one belonging to the house of Conde is come to 
advertise the F. Confessor of the Duke d'Enguien to be in readiness to 
depart on Munday and that the King goes too. St. Germain has not 
yet seen the King's Confessor who came hither but on Thursday and is 
most extremely full of visitors, but he will see him and speak to him ere 

Endorsed " Translated by Sr. Robt. Markham. No. 37." 

[The Same] to the Same. 

5 29 June 

1676, July TT" Paris. — "Your letter of th e q j , could not come 

with more expedition. I am much pleased with this way and desire you 
alwais to use it. I have spoaken to the K.'s Confessor concerning the 
Antwerpe merchants, he told me the K. of France having given it in 
commission to one of his most trusty ministers of State to inform in that 
matter what was to be done the said Confessor thought that affair had 
been answered, but seeing that Minister of State is not here he could 
give me no farther account thereof, as soon as I understand that that 
Minister is here I will see him. 87 came to see me this morning as he 
Used to doe every post day, he presents his service to you, having 
nothing more than I have to acquaint you with, only he desires that the 
news he was wont to receive by Mr, Botteman may be addressed 


M38. OP Sir w. directly to himself, seeing that will be most useful! to him, for that this 
fjTZHBBBBBT. ^^^ '^^ ^xQ has uot yet received those letters which were directed to the 
little banker. The affairs of St. Germain will goe well here if Coleman 
*" take cair the Duke and Duchess of Yorke persist in their desires to have 

the person they have proposed to be put in the place of Coleman's 
friend (for if they press it never so little more they will assurelly have 
him) and then St. Germain will be sure to be with Mr. Warner, to doe 
then what he did when with the Duclies?, and thereby be able to con- 
tinue to serve his friends as shall be judged convenient. But if Coleman 
judges the Duke has any remains of kindness for St. Germain the 
occasion is fair, for (since the K.'s Confessor had a designe to have that 
person near himself whom the Duchess desires) if the Duke would 
cause one to write to the said Confessor signifying that if he cannot 
have that person he desired they should send him at least St. Germain, 
I am sure the Confessor would then propose it to the King of France to 
write to the King of England, to the Duke, and to Ruvigny, to testifye 
he would be very glad leave might be given to St. Germain to make 
known to the King and Parliament the truth of his case after which one 
might act with the Parliament and the House of Commons by Coleman's 
and St. Germain's friends to obtain of the Parliament a favourable 
audience. These are visions that come into my head it is for you to 
chouse which will be best and propose it to Coleman as you shall think 
fitt. The French Ambassador's Confessor has written to St. Germain 
and acquainted him with the sentiments Coleman has of him, and he has 
desired rue to tell you that he is very much obliged to Coleman for 
them, the Duke and Duchesse have also spoaken very kindly of him to that 
Confessor as he wished, and I desire you on his behalf when you have 
a fitt opportunity to testifye all the acknowledgements that this deserves. 
If the papers come they will be of great use. Maestricht is entirely 
free, there was a correspondance in the town held with the enimie for 
getting the magazine on fire but it being discovered the enimies are 
retired, Mr. De Monbron has surprised a 1000 of the garison of Cam- 
bray 400 are taken 600 defeated. The affair of Madam Brinvilliers goes 
on apace, yesterday the Commissaries confronted her with a certain 
advocate named Briament who had been tutor to her children they 
made not an end till six aclock at night, the advocate spoak much in 
the matter and there are all ready erected scaffolds a la gratia where 
she is to be executed. Things are kept very secret and there are some 
in great fear who seem to put a good face on the matter. I have 
received the letters of my Lady the Countesse 1 shall expect her orders, - 
but am afraid the thing can not be done on the conditions she desires." 

Endorsed ** Translated by Sir Robert Markham. No. 38." 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1676, July T^ — "For newes I have but two things to acquaint you, 

one is that the siege of Maestricht is formally laid, there are fourscore 
pieces of ordinance brought from Holland to batter the place which is 
beseiged by an army of twenty seaven thousand men and there is like- 
wise an other army in the places round about to prevent its being sur- 
rounded consisting of thirty thousand more. The garrison is well 
accomodated in all respects, hath six thousand foote, twelve hundred 
horse and three hundred dragoons ; Letters are expected from ISIonsr. . 
Louvoy on his return to resolve the time of the King's departure ; the 
other part of news is that Madame Brinvilliers was yesternight 


about halfe an hour after seaveu of the clock executed ; her sentence MSS. o» Sib "V 
was to make amend honorable, that is, to stand in her shift about ^^^^^^^ 
her other habits, a rope about her neck, bare footed, which was done 
before the Church of Notre Dame, from thence ehee was carried 
in a tHuibrill to the place called the Gr^ve, there to have her head 
cut off, the bodj i)urnt and the ashes throwne into the fire ; before 
all which I should have told you shee was put to the rack ordinary and 
extraordinary, shee had spoken tho night befoi*e with the Father 
Chevigny, father of that oratoire, and the morning after they had read 
her sentence shee thanked the judges for having used her so favorably. 
Shee confest herselfe to Monsr. Pivot Doctor of the Sorbon saying that 
there needed no rack shee would tell all, and indeed shee was three 
hours with two Comissioners of Parliament, but shee confessed only 
what concerned herself that shee had poysoned her father three times 
in two years and her two brothers, shee hath chardged no confederate 
wnich was the cause that shee was put to the rack ordinary and extra- 
ordinary, but shee would discover nothing. She hath showed in all a 
great deal of resolution and prescence of mind and all Paris was I think 
at her execution. I know not yet all the particulars. I attended last 
night to have heard some news from you but I received none yet — think 
of what I writ and 1 pray instruct mee in every thing. 


The trenches before Philipsburgh were opened r^ instant at night 

the governor made a sally and having repulsed the enemy, he att tho 
same time caused a man to slip out to give the K. advise. 

I have seen a letter from the camp of Monsr. Luxenburgh that sayes 
he hath got sixty peices of canon and is going to attaque the lines of tho 
enemy, he hath made a detatchment to joyne Monsr. Crique to fall on 
the enemy on an other side." 

Endorsed " No. 39. Translated by Mr. Cheyne." 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1676, July 11, Paris. — "I am much obliged to you for the cair you 
take of my little affairs, J have recived the great packet which 
Botteman sent me from Lord Bellasis. I advise you to keep me as 
much as possible you can in his good opinion, because he is a man has 
much obliged me to be his servant I have already told you that your 
letters will be very serviceable to me but they will doe me no good if 
they come not directly to my self for they arrived yesterday in the ' 

alternoon and I have not received them yet, besides when wo shall have 
them at the first hand, with one stone you will kill two birds for I 
will show them to Mr. Julij and your banker shall not faile to see them 
time enough for him. My nephew will depart please God on Monday 
sennight. This is all I have to tell you at the present, when Mr. Julij 
writes to you I need not put you to double charges because there is no 
post but I see him an hour before the currier goes.*' 

Endorsed " Translated by Sir Robert Markham." 

[The Same] to the Same. 

12 8 

1676, July o^. — " I have received yours of the ,-g July and I believe 

you should answer article by article, St. Germain hath desired mee to 
tell you that you will oblige hiui to renew his acknowledgements to 
Coleman which yett are not without much regrett for that Coleman 
advises him that 'tis not necessary that be sboold write to the Duchess 


^sS'^SiB w. touching the affaire of mony which infallibly shewed him that 'tis 
— ' Coleman alon« that hath chardged himself with the mony for St. Germain, 
which St. Germain would never have suffered, had he had the least 
suspition of it, and most assuredly being of the humour I knew him, 
and how he understands things, he will doe his business sooner or latter. 
Thursday's post is come but 1 have no notice of the papers wee must 
expect, and is it not troublesome, St. Germain as he told mee was 
again e yesterday to speake with the Confessor, touching the merchants 
of Antwerp, but he was shut up about affaires and not to be spoken 
with, but St. Germain intreated a domestick of the Confessor's to put 
him in minde and I believe the Confessor desires that he who is to 
succeede St. Germain in his place of England should live with the 
Confessor, and be one of his ; if the Duchess and Coleman will make use 
of this conjunction and write to the Confessor to put him in minde of 
the affaire of the merchants of Antwerp the business would succeed, my 
thoughts are, that Coleman should write to the Confessor as from the 
Dutchess to give him the severall notices or to send St. Germain where 
he was before, tliat is to say that the King of France should write to 
yong Ruvigny that he should take care of the affaire of St. Germain 
with the King of England and the parliament till it were well understood, 
or if that cannot bee, that they should send to the Dutchess him who 
pretends to the place of St. Germain, for by this meanes the Confessor 
could not but send the person whom the Dutchess desired, and at the 
same time something should be said touching the merchant of Antwerp 
—* — that if the Dutchess would cause it to be positively signified to the 
Confessor that he think no more of him whom he desired and also to 
sound the . . • affaire of Antwerp . . I believe this would be the 
shortest way, it's true St. Germain would suffer by it, but what matters 
that? 1 am alfraid for Coleman if once they come to declare 
against the Catholique religion, the Catholiques and consequintly 
the Duke of Yorke : In the name of God instruct mee well of every 
thing that passes heerin. I have not yet heard anything said of Madame 
de la Tremblay, which I expect with some impatience, and for the 
notice you give mee to her advantage and by my solicitations I will 
ingage her all I can to induce old Ruvigny to performe his duty to the 
King of France and the Ministers of State. I protest before God that 
'tis now the only thing I aime att, I believe you see well enough why, 
and I pray you to give me exact account of all that I shall entrust you 
with to Coleman, because I cannot write to him but by you. Lett me 
understand what is done with you in the affaire of the successor of 
St. Germain, for I shall not name him hereafter but by the name of 
Successor. The Confessor doth his business and will see to it . . . 
. . . The Embassador is writ to to speake of it to the King of 
England as of a traffiquer who might be prejudicial! to the Dutchess 
and Duke ; is that true ? if the Dutchess bee stedfast most assuredly 
St. Germain will have his place, if not, ho knows not what will become 
of his trade, but if the Dutchess give way handsomely to the Confessor, 
there is nothing which the Confessor will not likewise agree to, where- 
fore Coleman must manadge this conjuncture and that he ask in 

requital the affaire of Antwerp and the fixing of 

St. Germain in the same place to carry on his traffick ; this is all that 
can be said on this matter, Ruvigny is mightily prevented in whatsoever 
may be objected against the Catholiques and against those of England 
which are the friends and kindred of St. Germain. St. Germain knows 
he speaks very ill of them I pray say nothing of it. The Trenches are 
opened before Philipsburgh, says one letter that I have seen, they are 


not distant about one hundred and fifty paces from the ditch on one side mss. of Sib W. 

and on the other three hundred. This letter construes that Mons. de Fitzhbbbbbt. ' 

Luxumburgh is going to fall into the retrenchments of the enemy and 

Mons. dc Crequi likewise in severall places, Maestricht is also beseiged ; 

'tis thought the defiles will hinder Mons. Schomberg of releiving it but 

the towne is well fortified and the garrison neere eight thousand of the 

best men of France, 'tis said our army will besiege Ypres, Aires or 

St. Chilian. Some letters say Palermo hath civilly sent back the 

Spaniards, Naples hath given five hundred thousand crownes to repair 

the Spanish fleet. The Swedes are in their portes as 'tis said. It 

appears that Madame Brinvillieres hath bin too favorably treated by the 

parliament and 'tis believed the depositions shee has made are kept 

secret ; this is all I know." 

Endorsed " No. 41. Translated by Mr. Cheync." 

[The Same] to the Same. 


1676, November rj. — " I thought to have sent you some news of Mon- 
sieur de Ruvigny, of his secretary, of Madam de la Tremblay, and of 
the King's Confessor. But I am not further instructed than I was, 
seing that I could not speak with some nor meet with others. I saw 
Mr. Gray and his nephew, which last shewed himself very civill to me 
upon Mr. Coleman's account and promised to tell me news from England. 
Tis only by publick report that I learnt what is said of Mons. de Ruvigny 
his Secretary, and of the Embassador at Nimmeguen. Truly I am sorry 
for it and sometimes I fancy that Monsieur St. Germain might have been 
instrumental in it by shewing the letters to (Mr. Gray) 1 told him my 
mind as to that and found him much of the same mind insomuch that 
he told me he would for his part write about it to Mr. Coleman by way 
of complaint. I know him to be a person most ready to serve friends 
and no less sensible of other people's misfortunes. Madam de la 
Tremblay is resolved to write to him who writ to her. But it was im- 
possible to transact any businesse the last time he was here, because 
Monsieur do Ruvigny's wife was present all the while, and never out 
of sight. He will return an answer as soon as possible, and you may 
assure of it him that you know, here is no news stirring. You know 
what Mons. de Ruvigny's Secretary told him concerning his friend, 
and now Monsieur de Ruvigny protested that he had shewed himself 
very much concerned about it to the King of France and Monsieur de 
Pompone which Monsieur de Ruvigny's Secretary has given sufficient 
testimony of. It happens very often that you omit several articles of 
my letters and leave them unanswered which is some trouble to me. So 
you slighted that passage concerning the good office I intended for our 
friend by endeavouring to procure him a pension out of an estate of 
Catholicks in France and to have it confirmed by the Pope, being he is 
a Catholick. I know not whether or no you have proposed the matter to 
our friend, nor how he likes of it. Therefore I desire the favour of you ^ 

to acquaint me with it. Neither do you tell me any thing about the 
merchants of Antwerpe. The King's Confessor has answered to the 
Duke of York as you know. But when all is done the King of France 
doth not seem to me very eager in the business. And it is said that 
letters of this nature which come to him from forrein countrys are not 
acceptable to him. We must have patience. You send me not a word 
of your iMonsieur de Ruvigny or of his Secretary, nor of the King's 
Conftssor. Doth Mr. Coleman see them? Is he a friend of their s ? 
At last what do you say of the snccessor ? I know him not; but he 


MSS. OF Sir W. was tighly commended. Is it true that the Duchess of York's Con- 
FiTZHEBBERT, fgj^gQj. |g threatened to be brought before the Parliament ? I thank you 
for your care in the concern of the muney in the King of England's 
behalf and those he owed money to. I assure you that I am as well 
pleased with you as if it were my own concern. We may chance upon 
that propound to you a small business which might be of some use, if 
Mr. Coleman doth but think it feasable." 
Endorsed " No. 53." 


[^At the head of the letter'} " Sir Gilbert Gerard. 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1676, November :j-;. — *• You have sealed your letter just upon the date 

of it, so that I cannot tell what day it was when you writ. On Wednes- 
day last not hearing from you I wrote another letter to give you such 
information as I had ready for you and this day I write one only to 
give you notice, that I received your last, wherein you mention two 
things. The one about the merchants of Antwerp. Monsieur St. 
Germain told me to that point, that he dwells in the same shop of the 
King's Confessor, that he may come more freely to speak to him, and 
that he was gone for that purpose to his storehouse two several times, 
but found him so taken up that he was fain to put off the business to 
this day. However Monsieur St. Germain is of opinion that he must 
see Monsieur de Louvoy his father who gave the advice to the King of 
France about giving satisfaction to the Djchess of York. When all is 
done he is the person that must bring the business to perfection and 
whose hands it must needs go through. The other business concerns 
your Embassador the King's Confessor and Monsieur de Ruvigny. 
Wonderfull things are said here of Monsieur de Ruvigny and of his 
complacency for the King of England's inclinations. Nay he used this 
very word that he obeys him in all things, and intends to represent it 
as a very meritorious thing to the King and his Confessor. Monsieur 
St. Germain himself fears that if he should say what he heard of Mr. 
Coleman about that business, he should not be welcome, because Mon- 
sieur de Ruvigny and the King of France's Confessor not being of Mr. 
Coleman's opinion have undoubtedly disproved his conduct in France. 
Can no ways be found to get the Duke of York to acquaint the King's 
Confessor, or the King of France himself, with the opinion he has of 
Mr. Coleman ? I know something about tho King of France's son. 
But I dare not tell it you before you have acquainted me first with what 
you know of the Prince of Orange, whether it is true or no that he is to 
go for England about the design so much noised abroad, and which 
nearly concerns the Duke of York ? You can not but know by this 
time the design Monsieur St. Germain had formed in Mr. Coleman's 
behalf. Tis for you to let me know, whether it is convenient that he 
should go on with it. For there is no pleasure in taking false measures. 
The King's Confessor has writ to the Duke of York to thank him for 
the letter he had received from him in Monsieur St. Germain's behalf, 
but Monsieur St. Germain is not the better for it, and in all likelyhood 
shall get nothing by it. However he is as thankfuU as he ought to be. 
Send me some news of the Duchess of York's Confessor, and of his 

[Endorsed] " No. 54." 

[At the head of the letter] "Sir Gilbert Gerard.*' 


[The Sajie] to the Same. ms8. ov sn w 


1676, November ■^.. — " Yesternight the King of France his Confessour 

came back from the visite hee had made to the King. But it was 
impossible for mee to speake with him either then or this morning when 
hee had shutt himself upp to write. I had given him a memorial con- 
cerning the merchants of Antwerp agreeable to Mr. Coleman's letter for 
treating with the King of France on that affaire, and hee it was that 
ask'd mee earnestly for it. I wiJl write you word on Wednesday what hath 
been done in it. I have thought it fitt notwithstanding by this post to 
informe you of a thing worth your knowledge, which is that St. Germain 
told me that in discourse held th' other day with the King's Conlesseur, 
he learnt from hiii^ tliat the A mbassadour*s (Ruvigni*s) Confes:?eur had 
sent him notice that the Duke of York was a lost man, and thai he had 
it from the Ambassadour's (Ruvigni his) owne mouth. Tlius you see 
the representations the Ambassadour gives of tlie D. of Y. to our friend 
the King of France. You may judge by this what to expect of this 
Ambassadour (Ruvigni) in favour of the Duke of Y. St. Germain 
added that the same Confessour had written in tlie same letter tliat the 
friends of St. Germain of Entfland who drive on the same trade with 
him did give pernicious councils to the D. of Y. and that hee gave too 
great a credit to them. You may see by this whether this man is 
mistaken in his imaginations, and meantime 'tis hee that governs all 
that commerce. At least I feare it so. I wiite thua much to you, to the 
end that you may advertise Coleman of it, and that hee according to hi^ 
wisdome may look into it. I have thrice been to visite the Ambas- 
sadour (Rouvigni) without finding him at home. It's some time since 
I saw the Secretary. I tliink that Coleman would doe well to write a 
word or two to the King's Confessour, but it should be something worth 
its paines, and should require an answer. For this Confessour is a man 
to bee press'd, and who of himself is too closse. And at the same time 
St. Germain wouhl be obliged to Coleman, if in the same letter hee 
enquired of the Confessour what newes of the successe of that affaire 
the D. of Y. did recommend to him a favour of St. Germain. There 
is no other newes, but of the peace with Poland, and of the Confederates 
retreat from before Deuxponls. Some say Mens, de Crequi pursues 
Mons. de Zell, and others on the contrary that Mens, de Zell will block 
up Mons. de Crequi, who hastens all hee can to gaine an advantageous 
post, without which hee is lost. Wee must wayte for the successe. 

" Since my letter was written, I have mett with St. Germain, mighty 
froward at what was said to him by a friend who was just come from the 
Confessour, being there when hee made answer to the Confessour of the 
Ambassadour (Rouvigni). This friend told him that the Ambassadour 
(Rouvigni) would spoyle all, and that hee had not the right apprehensions 
of things, to which the Confessour answered him that twas St. Germain 
must say this of the Ambassadour (Rouvigni) but that St. Germain was 
not well informed. St. Germain's friend replyed to the Confessour that 
what hee spoke hee tooke it from his owne self, and not from St. Germain. 
By which you may perceive how strongly the Confessour is prepossessed 
with the abilities of the Ambassadour (Rouvigni), and how necessary it 
will bee by some lucky hitt to gaine the Confessour's beliefe that St. 
Germain is not so ill informed and that Coleman hath greater power 
than the Ambassadour would have it believed." 

Endorsed " No. 5o." 

[At the head of the letter] " by Puckering." 

E 64159. O 


mss.ofSirW. [The Same] to the Same. 


1676, November ^. — " I am much obliged to you for your letter of the 


jl\ instant. My writing now is but to thanke you for it, having nothing 

new to send you. No not so much as of the merchants of Antwerp 
because the Confessor can doe nothing as yett. The Secretarie is gone 
for six \\eekes into the countrv as he sent St. Germain word. The 
Ambassadour (Rouvigni) is never to bee found. I have not seen Madame 
de Tremblay this twelve dayes. I have read your letter to St. Germain 
who was a little surprised at what you tell mee, that Coleman is 
incognito in the place from whence you writt to mee, and the rather for 
that the D and Duchess had bidd him goe into the countrey. St. Ger- 
main hath paraphrased much thereupon and is a little troubled at it. 
Putt us out of paine about it, if you can. My lodging being now in the 
rue St. Antoine at Mr. Warner's, it is but seldome I can see (87) Mr. 
Gray and his friend, because tis so far off. I am going into the country 
till hevvyeares day, but that shall neither hinder you having mine or my 
receiving of your letters, or doing whatever you desire of mee, as well as 
if I stayed in Paris, of which I shall not bee very farr off. The affaire of 
the pension coucernes Coleman only, and St. Germain wishes that the 
King of Fraunce would doe something in favour of some of his nephews, 
according to the letter from the D. of Y. to the King's Confessour. And 
this something, for example, might bee a good benefice encouraged with 
a pension in favour of Mr. Coleman, for though the state hee is in may 
be a hinderance of it, never thelesse the life hee'd put to it, and the ser- 
vice hee renders to the Catholiques is more than a sufficient cause to 
ihcllrte the Pope unto it to whom it must . . . 

This is what in my last lettre I thought by your meanes Mr. Coleman 
shotild knowe. My last acquainted you with such conceptions as 
your Ambassador (Rouvigni) and his Confessor had of Mr. Coleman. 
After that hee may see what kind of people they bee.'* 

Endorsed « No. 56." 

(" The Rest of St. Germain's letters abstracted by Sir John Knight.") " 

[The Same to the Same.] 

December 22 

1676, -y V~«-^I h^^'e received two letters from Madame de 

' January 1 

Frarolay by your means, and direct the answers to you. 

I grow jealous of Mr. Warner who receives letters from you weekly 
while I live in expectation. The plenipotentiaries parted on Monday. 

Three pieces of news are reported from England. Do you know that 
Father Shelden goes to trade with your incognito ? Do not mention 
this. He told Ruvigny that he feared Coleman was not his friend on 
account of the businesse of the Archbishop of Dublin. I presume that 
what I ^^y to you is the same as if I said notliing, , 

** Translated by John Reresby." 

Endorsed ** No. 5." 

Two pages of MS. Q. 23, 24, missing. 

[^A portion of a letter,'] 

" Confessor that the King ought not to do business with Denmark, 
except through 39 (the Duke of York). That friend shall be called 
hereafter 4;1 (De Ruvigny) for I have not any name for him in the 


** Translated by Rich. Temple." MSB. op Sib W. 

Endorsed " No. 3. These first six were penised bj Sir Thomas ^"zhebbbbt. 
Lee. Altered (?) by Sir John Knight." "~ 

" St. Germaine's letters to Coleman." 

[St. Germain to E. Coleman.] 

1678, October 7T. "Pour avoir voulu deFendre le Due de York 


pendant six mois on mc sifile maintenant quand j'avois parle ; Pour me 
restablir il faut que Colman m*en donne les moious en me donnant des 
avis justes, Vous me dites que le Due de Bouquinquam [Buckingham] 
a fait chi sa teste dessein co qu*il a fait, et cependant on me dit hier 
qu'il va Ambassadeur en Espagne ; comment cela s*accorde il ? Laiton 
partit de Fiance depuis deux jours pour AngleteiTO ou qu'il sera Secre* 
du Due do Bouquinquam en Espagne si ce Test Roy d'Angleterre est 
rinteUigence de tous." 

Endorsed " St. Germain's last letter to Coleman. Not to be 



^ A French paper intituled Instruction." 

. . Sa Ma*^® tres Xtian avoit grand en vie de m'envoyer en Angle- 
terre pnais quel n'osoit pas de peur de donner quelque ombrage et qu6 
pas la mesme raison il ne m'osoit pas encorre parler do sa propre bouche, 
mais quil me prioit de vouloir assurer son Altesse par quelque secret 
mojenque sa Ma*^ pran[d8] part en tout ses interests et quil luy servira 

en to(at ce que luy tenu fort p[er]suade que 

my Lord Ar : nest ny dans les entiro . . . de sa Ma*«, ny dans cettes de 
son Alt. quoy que quelques uns travallient a luy persuader ny que le 
reassemble de cette Parli"^* pent estre utile pour le R ; Britanique ny 
pour son Alt : quoyque my Lord Ar : par ces ag[en]cey veut soustenir 
&c. si doney son Altesse le droit a propos d*avoir un autre Pari . . , 
quil luy assistera de sa bource pour en faire une t<3lle comme il souhaittei 
et quil luy prie de luy vouloir faire des propositions la decres oti 
sur aucune chose quil jugerait apropos et utile estans resold de faire 
tout son possible pour son service. Le Pere me dit encorre le friponery 
de Mons. de Sesaite et la follie des quelques autres des nostres mai.s que 
non obstant tout cela, et ausi quoy quil que sa Ma*« scient fort bien que 
son Alt avoit envoyo en Flandres, le quelle en verite donnoit en peu 
d'ombrage non obstant tout cela sa Ma*® estoit resolu de confier entiere- 
ment en son Alt : et luy donner toute Tassistance imaginable, mais que 
sdr tout il prioit son Alt: que par ces soins et ses cemplaisances 
rtacheroit de confirmer une perfaite intelligence avecq son frere. II me 
disoit de[p]lus que si Mr. de Kuevigny nestoit pas un home a votre 
gre, ne en la quelle on pouvoit avoir touto la confeance, que S : A : 
n'avoit que me donner les moindres ordres pour lo fair scavoir a sa 
Mt. . . . un tacheroit y envoy er une person ne comme . . , . " 

[^This is the end of the sheet. ^ 

Endorsed "Num. 4L Instructions." 

a 2 


•m™lET; LETTERS. 1675 and 1676. 

W. Leybourn from Rome to E. Coleman. 
An Epitome of the Same. {_Onginal,'] 
Miscellaneous Letters. 

[ The following portion of an Epitome of many letters, apparently 
jrom W, Leybourn to E. Coleman, is the only part extant,'] 

" particularly to Lord Aruudell. I long for your next because it 
promiseth much which straitnes of time made you omit in your last. 

" July 10. — My last which was by the last post acquaint* J you that 
the letter of the Duke of York to the Pope was received. The good 
man in reading it could not abstain from teares. Cardinal Norfolk doth 
[illegible'] answer, will shortly be sent, though upon the matter it 
hath been done anticipatedly. Greater tenderness with expression of 
kindnes and esteem could not be expected as you are tlesired to signify. 
"July 16. — What hath come to your mind concerning a match with 
the Prince of Florence and our Lady Ann deserves better reflexions 
than I am able for the present to make of it. Setting aside the interest 
which might move the Duke of Florence to desire it, I am verily 
perswaded that the greate respect be hath for the Duke of Yorke would 
set a great weight upon his inclination to carry him towards it. I had 
yesterday a letter from the Duke of Florence who continues his pressing 
earnestnes for compassing the busines which hath been so often men- 
tioned. I doubt it may linger a great while if such a reason be expected 
as may satisfy the enemies of religion. I thinke it might suffice to 
alledge that Mr. Plat is very unwelcome to the Duke of Florence. 

" July 30. — The court here will not be well pleased till the new 
difficulties which obstruct the peace of Nimeguen be removed. 

" July 24. — Mr. Gr[ane] is your servant this day he hath a brief of 
the Pope in answer to the letter of the Duke. 

"August 6. — These must acknowledge the receipt of youis dated 
June 28 and July .... The postscript in one of them was very 
welcome for the satisfactory matter it gave me for a letter to the Duke 
of Florence after two weekes silence to the point he is so much 
concerned for. The same post did also bring me a letter from Lord 
Arundell to the same effect, which I shall thank him for shortly. 
Cardinal Norfolk hath writ to the King . . . sent a letter from the 
Queen of Sweden desiring him to take her .... protection in the 
treaty in Nimeguen. Reasons to prove the J [End of page.] 

[ The beginyiing of another page,] 
" pretences are sent to Mr. Cook. Cardinal Norfolk would be well 
pleased if Mr. Coleman would promote this interest with the Duke. 

August 13. — I have had thanks this week from the Duke of Florence 
for the account I gave him the last of what was contained in letters 
from Lord Arundell and Mr. Coleman about Mr. Piatt. 

August 20. — We have had this week three from you, one of them 
gave hopes of a letter from the Lord Arundell. I am indebted to our 
friends in Fleet Street for two letters. 

September 11. — ^A brief was sent last year dated about the moneth of 
May, and carried from hence by an Irish Bishop. Cardinal Norfolk 
would know if it were delivered to the Queen, the answer was late 
expected. Cardinal Barbarin is in pain to know whether a picture 
which he sent to her E[oyal] H[ighness] hath been received. 

November 20. — Yours of October 5 and 8 found me in the country 
with Mr. Grafne], tomorrow we return to Rome. I am sorry that my 

J 01 

letter of September 11 as to that part wliicli was in cyplier, after the MSS. oj Sib W. 
trouble it liad given you, proved at length not intelligible. That which FiTzmBBiar, 
Cardinal Norfolk would know if delivered to the Queen was a brief sent 
to her from the Pope last yeare about the moneth of May and given by 
Cardinal Norfolk to an Irish Bishop who not passing by England 
delivered it to the Lady. 

November 28. — The confidence with which Mr. Coleman ends his 
letter to the Prin . . . doth much please, but that delivered by 
Mr. Cann in naming ... to Dutches Lauderdale the correspon- 
dent of Cardinal Norfolk is ... . wondered at. I hope Mr. 
Coleman will on this accident judge . . . necessarry to proceed 
with more caution and send a false name to write to him. Cardinal 
Norfolk hath had some answer from Portugal but no resolution, Enprland's 
competitor is not Ca. Destr^ but Kospi[gliosi] to whose unkle the 
Prince and Princess of Portugal owe their . . . [op^ word torn 
off''] December." [End of page,'] 

** December 18. — We are told the Duke of Modena intends a journey to 
L<mdon. Cardinal Norfolk will to his power second the demand which 
Barberine is tu make in behalf of Prince Kenaldo, he saith that con- 
<;eme was never touched by the Duke or Dutchesse in any letter to him, 
nor did the Dutchess of Modena when she was here seem to relish it 

"January 1, 1678. — The letter of the Duke to the Pope about the 
marriage of his daugliter to the Prince of Orange hath been delivered. 
I confess the Pope remains satisfied that the Duke was in no fault, but 
in his intended answer will not touch the poynt. The busines of the 
Prince Einaldo I fear is not yet ripe. 

"October 1, 1678. — Intercepted. This week's post brought but one 
from you under date of August 23. It was almost overtaken by an 
express dispatched from Nimeguen by the Pope's Nuncio who yesterday 
morning brought the welcome news of a peace made between France 
and Spayn. His Holiness went the afternoon to St. Marie Major to 
thank God for that publick benefit, and Te Deum like to be sung." 

[W. Leybourn to E. Coleman.] 

[1676], April 17. Kome.— There is little to write of. Mr. Grfane] / ^ y 

vends thanks for your weekly favours, and desires me to let you know "■ '* ■ 
that the Duke's letter to the Pope, given to Mr. Con, has miscarried. 
The nuncio at Paris acknowledges the receipt of the packet in which 
it was and says he sent it on. The Cardinal of Norfolk has informed 
the Pope and Cardinal Cibo who says the only remedy now is a 

Things go on slowly as usual in the palace. It is reported that the 
Pope will shortly call to town some of his kindred and confer honours 
upon them without salaries. Your wise men much mistake foreign 
occurrences. There is no truth in the story that his Highness was 
expected in a few days in Florence, and Sir Bern. Gascoyn had been 
sent by the Duke to meet him at the frontier. Other reports con- 
cerning England are equally untrue though affirmed confidently. The 
Pope has lately given small pensions to the Cardinals. It is said the 
Cardinal of Norfolk has for his share 1600 crowns, part whereof will 
expire at the end of 6 years, according to the style of pensions given 
upon benefices in Spain and Portugal. This help it is thought bears 
but small proportion to his necessities. *' But in this interested country 
and thrifty pontificate any little provision of this kind is thought con- 


mas. OP siE w. w. LEtBOUBN to E. Coleman, 

— [1676,] May 2. [Kome.] — I have received your letters of March 17 

and 20. The two preceding letters were lost, having been taken a 
few leagues from Brussels. 

the Duke's 
" What you wrote of 115 being advanced one step towai*ds the 

Card. Norfolk 
R. C. religion wad a most w(Jcome news to 990 who pre- 

Pope Card. Altieri 

sently rejoiced 150 and 330 with it, and now your*s of the 

Card. Norfolk our Pope Card. Al tier i's 

27 hath fully compleated, 990 150 and 330 

the Duchess's 
joy with it, as also 70 mother and grandmother who are in 

Eome Card. ^Norfolk 

55 and 990 piesently acquainted, noe wonder if fooles 

take like fooles and knaves like themselves. Your correspondent I 
assigned you is your humble servant, but wee will not alwaies too often 
trouble you with superfluous expensive letters, specially myself who am 

the Duke 
mightily streightned for want of time. My humble duty to 115 

the Dutchesse 
who I will servo unto death the best I can as also 70 who I 

hope will bring forth a happy 200. Some are anxious to know 

who will be Godfathers and Godmothers." 

The Same to the Same. 

1676, May 16. [Rome.] — " I receive together your two of Friday 

the Duke 
the 7th and Munday the 10th Aprill, being much rejoyced 115 

the Duke 
doth soe well not doubting of God's blessing, but if 115 or 
Duchess the Archbp. of Dublin Home 

70 employ 28 or his adherents in 55 

it will but confound them and the 200 affail:es with cbymerieaH 

visions, which at 55 are not esteemed more then to spoyle 

Rome Benedictine 

reall affaires. Neither will 56 esteeme a 831 comeing 
on such things as belong not properly to his trade, but suppose 
his bUsinesse is to gett a little money for himselfe, which is not soe 

Prince Rinaldi's Card. Norfolk 

easily parted withall. And as to 634 affair 990 

hath twice (although nobody ever spoke to him of it) spoken earnestly 
about, but as affaires stand nothing can at present be done for many 

Card. Fr. Barberine 
reasons, and you tnay be sure that 31 who hath soe long 

the Dutchesse Mother Rome Card. Norfolk 

endeavoured it, and 78 - now at 55 and 990 

will doe their best when a fitting time and occasion will bee, without 

Archbp. of Dublin 
others foolish impertinent busy bodies ; and as to 28 pre* 

Tailing with 115 in his late resolution, few or none will beleive it here, 


he being so used to write falsehoods and forgeries, that his saying it mss. op Sib W. 
maketh it not beleived, but if it were soe de bono opcre non lapidamus Fitzhbmebt. 
te. He did his duty for which God recompense him. And a» to what 
Mr. Sheldon the Archbp. of Dublin 

37 pret?nds to say in the other point betwixt 28 

and his \_one or two words torn o^] 55 needeth not such learned 
witts to teach those who know bet[ter] [otie or two words torn off'] 
have already as foolishly been fidliiig, but neither (idler nor tidlestick 
is regua[rded]. They may teach fooles to dance if they can, for that 
tune soundeth not . . right where a better is used. The best 

Mr. Sheldon Duke Dutchesse 

employment 37 can for 115 and 70 is to become 

a Benedictine 

83 and pray for them quietly wliilest haveing nothing else 

to trouble you withal at pre^^ent I am yours as you know." 

[The Same to the Same.] 

[1676,] June 20. [Rome]. — No news. 

the Pope Pr. liinaldi a Cardinall 

" Whatsoever I can with 150 for 634 being 346 

the Dutchesse 
I shall doe my best in, and I am glad 70 will write to 

the Pope 

150, which if ever before done it's a wonder it was not delivered 
Card. Altieri 
as 330 (who should know) tels me, but when this cometh 1 will 

ihe Duchesse 
deliver it, and tell both how 70 supposed hitherto a former 

the Duke's 
was. Your correspondent will be ready lo obey 115 commands 
when he shall be honoured with them, and certainly hath good abilities 

a Bishop England 
for it. The new invented reports of 436 for 251 arechymoras, 

the Benedictine 
that haveing long since been disposed of, although 831 and 

others played the fooles to stop the execution of it in 251, when it 
was not intended to be made use of but in due time, which others (at 

the Benedictines 
least as good as 831 and the Caballers) ought to judge, and 

when due time will be the same party, per se vel per alium, vel alios, 

the Benedictines 
may doc what will be to be done, for since 831 could not 

a Bishop Bishops 

gett to be 436 they would Lave two 436 in hopes to be the one, 

Ireland Armagh 

which would be altare contra altare, as in 10 betwixt 90 69 79 (?) 

and 28, but would be ever pejor priore, soe that they may set their 
minds and tongues at rest, and look well to what is committed to them. 
The French fired the Spanish and Holland shippes and galleys at 
Palermo most shamefully as I suppose you will heare more particularly 
from others. They say many of English marriners • were with the 
French & . . Yours as you know." 

[ ^Fhe figures given as 1 in these letters may be 4'#.] 


MSS. OP Sir W. [ The original letter y of which this is an exact copy^ is also in this 
FiTZHEBBEBT. coUcction. The interpretations of the cypkemuvihers urc In a different 

A Note. 

^ > " The letters next foUowiug were written from the same place (Rome) 
-Ir^^^it^^^ ^y ^'^^' Lejbourn to Mr. Coleman. Mr. Leybourn is said to have been 
l-^V' j'^^v '"'' in natnic of a Secretary to the Cardinal of Norfolk." 

c»\ r-^*']^-^ [ On the same page and in the same hand."] 

^^'^.<^'*^, n W. L[KYBOtJKN] to E. Coleman. 

V*'"^ Vo [^676,] Septembers. [Rome.] — " Sir, I found in one of your last 

^ letters to Mr. Gran e a desire of more punctuall correspondence from 

mo thou ordinary whilst the conclave sitteth. This desire shall be 

complyed with so farr- s.^ it is possible for me, but I feare your 

curiosity will not thereby remaine fully satisfied : 

\_The following upon a loose sheet seems to be the continuation 
of this letter.'] — Satisfied. Those within the conclave, who look 
more religiously upon their obligation, keeping their secrets to them- 
selves ; and amongst the great variety of reports which fly abroad it is 
not easy to distinguish truth from falsehood. I shall therefore be 
sparing in delivery of such particulars, leaving you to the publick fame, 
which in the case may upon the matter be I'elyed upon as well as the 
intelligence of those who pretend to have the best information. You 
will find here the list of the Cardinalls, which you desire, ranged under 
their severall parties or heads, but the order of their promotions is not 
exactly observed, especially in the creatures of Altieri and Urbini (?) 
(who before the other of the same name dyed was called S. Sisto) 
should bee in the fourth place, and Batadonne in tlie 9th. There may 
be other pretenders to the Papacy besides these which are mentioned, 
but I marke those which are most remarkeable. 

Cardinal Norfolk hath received letters from the King A Duke 

990 897r8 0774«2 H7r4:9<p 09\€ 500 9y2 115 

enjoy ning his adherence with France which he 

4yxL8yxy8 8x<^ 9284© 4y 74 LX'jr8 152±8x78 84 

appeereth by this post that to the Duke the Secre 
9yl^±404ir8 38 ir8x<^ /utX*^ 7r89w va 115 21x6±xjx</>4 

of the Duchess will see. 

vSdxairXWS I refer you to other particulars to 

my I/ord Arrundell and Cardinal Norfolk 
what I have writ unto €8jx02 9ewj2U 9y2 990 

to Mr. Hayd. Car. Norfolk will not accept the offer from 
irX €$ S9Mip 990 ±xj yXit 9774/x87r 'jr84 X64d GdXc 

France of Albi, dreading the dependence which would follow 
152 X6 9±3x 2d492xy? ir84 z4^4yr4y74 ±8x78 ±\a>jz 6XJJXX 
a like offer from Spaine hath been refused 
9 J XL 4 a664<^ 6$\€ 125 89ir8 344y d46«02. Many are of 
opinion the conclave will last long, especially if the French persist in 
their animosity against Altieri, who will be able in spite of them to 
hinder the election of any whom they would endeavour to have chosen 
without his concurrence. It would be a great service to the 
church if this quarrell (which seemes to have no deep bottoroe) 
were taken up. The present conjuncture 'seems most proper for it 
and Car. Norfolk might be a proper instrument 
9y2 990 €x58« 349 giBxie xy^dKe4yw I hear our 


countrj'man the Cardinall of Norfolk Lath his health well in the MSS. 6» Sib vr 
Conclave, and gaines much in the opinion of his brethren. As matter ^^tihebbbrt. 
occurres to feed your curiosity you shall hear further from your most 
bumble servant W. L." 

The Same to the Same. 

1676, September 21. Bome. — ^* Sir. The letters which came from 
you the last week had been acknowledged and answered by the ordinary 
way, had not the expectation of the great businesse perfected this morn- 
ing made mee willing to deferre writing two days longer. Cardinal 
Odeschelechi is the person on whom the great lott is fallen by an 
unanimous consent of the electore, and who was designed before by a 
general desire of the people : the two great Catholick Monarchs con- 
curring likewise in the election by their approbation of it, we have 
reason to promise ourselves that great matters will be done in his 
pontificate for the advancement of Catholick religion. Wee want here 
noe more at present to render oui* joys compleat then to bee assured 
that your Mistresse is happily delivered of a young Prince. This wee 
hope will be the subject of your next letter which therefore is expected 
with great impatience. My Lord hath by the currier who carries 
these writt both to your Mistresse and the Duke. You neede not 
be put in mind how requisite it is that the Dutchesse lose noe time 
in this occasion, but write with what convenient speed she can to his 
Holinesse, from whom she may promise herselfe all expressions that 
ought to be expected of a most tender and fatherly affection. The time 
I have for writeing of this is stolne from other buiiinesses, which now 
calling for it againe oblige me to subscribe <&c. <&c. 

Card. Norfolk judgeth it necessary that the Duke write also to 
990 x«234«8 xv 7474^908 «89v 415 Ldx94 94<^X BX 
the Pope and that the Dutchesse Southampton 

460 and that 21 X670 may doe well to propose. 

What was writt in the last letters concerning Prin. Binaldi will bo 
taken into serious consideration. Greater difficulties ai*e to be overcome 
then you there, without a long discourse, will eas^ily be pers waded of. 
However the person to whom the businesse is recommended will not be 
wanting on his part." 

[In the margin^] 

SThis last P.S. is writt with the CardinalFs hand.) '' Just now I 
lerstand of the Dutchesse delivery of a Princesse, which I told the 
Pope and all the Cardinalls of, who are all very glad. The Pope's 
name is Innocentius XI." 

f Copies,] 
A line has been run through all the cyphers in these letters which 
makes some of them difficult to determine^ 

Albany to 

1674, June 5. Brussels. — " Jay receu ce mesme jour nosne lune da 
22 de passe, qui est la seule que j'ay receu depuis nosne depart. Je 
suis marry d'entendre que Mrs. Clement agree mon service et attend 
avec beaucoup d'impatience les occasions de luy faire paraitre le zele 

que j'ay pour cela. Obligez moy de le . 

des nouvelles de ce qui se passe par de la dont io vous auray une obliga- 
tion tres sensible." 

Endorsed *« de Monsr. Gabriel. 90O." 


Mss. OB SiE w. Albany to . 

— * 1674, September 4. — '* Je suis fort marrj d'apprendre par votre lettre 
du 14 du 1 asse que les affaires de M. Clement continuent dans le 
mauvais penchant qu'elles ont fuis et qu'on doutoit si fort du mauvais 
succes de son proees. Je suis tousjours duns la curiosite de scavoir si 
le rapport s'en fera an moia de Novembre et vous prie de m'en mander 
les particularites le plus distinctement que vous pouvez, Je n'oublie 
pas Tadvertissement que vous m'avez laisse touchant voslettres lorsque 
vous fustes icy mois il no m'a pas este d'aucun usage jusques a cett heure. 
Obliges nioi de la communication de vos nouvelles le plus souvent que 
vous pouvez et croyez que je suis plus que personne du monde." 
Endorsed " No. 7. '* 

Albany to 

1674, September 28. Brussels. — I have received this weeke two of 
your letters, dated the 4th and the 7th of this month by which I under- 
stand in wliat condition the Duke's process is. I was ravished to find 
by the last that the tryal will be put off to another tyme, against the 
generall opinion. Without doubt this will extreamly rejoice the Pope 
and the Emperor whereof the first imployeth all his power, to accomodate 
the differences betweene Spaine and Franco, and I doubt not but the 
consideration of contributing by this meanes to the advantage, of the 
Duke and of the Catholiques, will further incite him to solicite this 
afiiiire upon the relation which the Nuncio, will make to the Pope of the 
importance of its successe for the Catholiques of England. 

As for the Emperor he is soe zealous for the Duke's service, chat lam 
assured he will omitt nothing on his side to facilitate whatever he shall 
find tend to the good issue of this affaire, whereof I will write to him 
particularily. Continue only to impart to me all the light that may serve 
to direct what it is to be li'eated on, I hope the next winter will give 
opportunity for more happy negotiations even to the mediation of the 
Pope, wlioe hitherto hath not beene able to act att all as you have knowne 
irom other partes. 

Endorsed *'No. 9." 

\_At the head of the letter (17), and] " Translated by Humphrey 


1 674—5, March 16. — " Truly I am soe great a blockhead that what 
you think needed not have [been a] mistery to me would have con- 
tinued, soe I am confident till Doomsday without this eclarsisement for 
I must confesse it should have been the last thing I should have guest 
you should make a secritt of for I should never have imagined it should 
have been a hazard to have said I could not read that letter. I am 
sorry you had not my two letters, I sent them you in the Abbot's packett, 
you must not lett them bee lost, for besides that I write very freely in 
them there is a letter from the old Gentleman to the Duke inclosed in 
one of them. What you understand not about allowing my cause the 
Duke time for the payment, those two mislayd letters will have eclarsifted 
which I \vill not doubt but you have before this; I am sure I meant it 
. not for any money to bee paid to mee or for mee but onely to pursue that 
way of writinge and to tell you tliat I gratiously allowed him his own 
time and way to doe his own buisnes after I had don what I could and 
what I thought. You Are in the right the Bishop of Dtiblin and Jjord 
Arrundell are not without the French King as they are then with the 
French King and have all that I can do for them to boot [two words 


torn'} Duke himself in the posture of his cause to hee sure may 3*88. op 8ib W, 
have employed himselfe all the faire sober honest or wise men of ""^f?^"*^' 
the Parliament his friends on his side who really may stand aloof [from] 
the French King be joyncd with him for the French King's pract[icefi] 
you know whether deservedly or noe ; it is no matter but they are sus- 
pected by a great many good men of the Parliament family who wish 
the Duke well and loosing them may be a loss indeed to the Duke. On 
the other side let us see what advantage the Duke may have being 
joyned with the French King supposing it heartily and really on the 
French King's side and that he would employ all his interest in his 
buisenesse. Money indeed is acuning sopliister and has interest upon a 
great many of Parliamt. friends, but then they aro such as when they 
have promised £1000 all you can desire are not to be relyed on, you 
know those whome money have a power with are the scum of the family 
who will promise one thing to day and act quite contrary tomorrow, as 
Ruvigny his predecessor was formerly found to the French King coste, 
and the one of the other, nor could you believe it unlesse you thought 
mee such a one too as wee know him to bee, our outward secret is well 
and hee seeth it very often for hee is not so [great] a foole not to know 
that I have discovered them, Thrugmorton knows not what to say to 
Coleman and Ruviguy's discourae nor what judgment to make of 
Pompono and Ruvigny their proceedinges, to deal freely with you 
Thruckmorton is nettled at it and thinks the Duke has a great deal of 
reason to resent it, for what is this discourse between Coleman and 
Ruvigny to the performing what Pompone promised Thrukmorton, 
Ruvigny comes now to enquire of Coleman how hee shall place sum 
trust not to proceed to a tryall and their decisun of all but to stave of 
the brunt till the French King have made an end with Holland, the 
Emperor and Governors of the Spanish Neatherlands and then sayes 
hee to the King and Duke and all of you, now gentlemen do what you 
please. Ruvigny should be hanged in my poore judgment, durst I 
. . . . the Duke or Coleman before I would say a word to him or 
help him in the least but after all that has been said send to Pompone 
. . . [a different hand] Pompone promised Throckmorton not to 
dare trust the Duke with £100000 or half f 100000 his interest but 
comforting to Coleman whom to lay out abroad pec . . to an 
attorney. I i?ay againe mee thinks I would show them I conld drive on 
my interest without them and leave the heretick's whelp to follow his, 
and if the Duke and Coleman doe not find their account by these and 
if it should happen soe againe the Duke were in a worae condition than 
ever, besides hee shall have the ... to have trusted to people who 
have used him ill and would trust him noe more than a common solicitor 
of that cause ; that is my sentiment I must confesse, if there be hazard in 
all sides I would choose that way that I might perish the more 
honorably. 1 shall submit however and shall if I can take some hand- 
some opportunity of speaking to Pompone; as to my friends you speak 
of I have told you in mine last post how it was with me. 

** They are not people who I must pretend to governe or propose things 
abruptly to I loose my credit with them then, but as I have already told 
you if once they were handsomely introduced and received by the Duke 
I am sure they and what they had would lye at his feete." 

Endorsed ** No. 36." [And a few signs,] 

[A copy.] 


^ [St. Germaink to E Colbman.] 

1675, April 13. — " I hear that Capt Bourgh, by whome 1 wrot fell *icke 
by the way, I know not therefore if you have received it yet or noe. The 


^ifzHERBEM.* summ of it was to desire you a little <o consider what 1 were best to 
— doe, you are the properest to judge how I may serve my [cousin] A. llie 

Duke or whether I may be serviceable att all or noe, for that way, a pro- 
bability of it, soe I have but bread to keep me alive, I prefer before all 
other things in the world. But supposing I could not be usefull in that I 
have I thinke but two things to propose to myself, and those I men- 
tioned to you and desired your direction for my choise, it is either to 
retire or to endeavour to push my fortunes in the wars abroad. For the 
first I told you (though I hope I should bear it well enough to Germany) 
it is not to be done out of gaietie de ceur, and for the second I have 
onely Spaine, France, and Holland, to thinke of. For the latter truly I 
have noe greate minde to it, I hate the people and their cause. For the 
second 1 like them very well but as I told you att large theire troopes 
consists of two sorts, eyther natives or foreigners. For the first theire 
pay is soe small, that there is never a Collonel who spends not 1500 
pistols a peece att least more than the proffitt of the regiment, and that 
you know is not for my purpose. For the second they are either 
Sweeces, Italians, or our King's subjects. Of these latter there are 
foure regiments of which Doughlas and Hamilton are first for Lieu- 
tent Collonel to Monmouth which is equall to any other Regiment; and 
Churchill I have wrot to you any times these three monthes about being 
assured that neyther Churchill nor Clarke would come over any more, 
but heareing nothing from you of it makes mc conclude that eyther you 
have seen not those letters, or that there is nothing to be done in it, and 
consequently noe thoughts of any thing for me in France. Wherefore 
then my last hope must be for Spain in which I told you my cousin A. 
the Duke's recommendation and help would be verie necessary, and 
therefore desired you if things went soe that you thought there could be 
noe use of me another way to soUicite my cousin A . the Dukes cause 
this turn etc. that you would speak to my cousin A. the Duke about it, 
for if I loose this campayne too I must never thinke of souldiering 
more, for the lost of two yeares in an active war is never to be recom- 
penced in my age, and if war must be my trade I had better lost a limb 
then last campayne ; but you know I have not wherewithal! to volunteero 
it any more, wherefore if you judge I am not likely to be usefull to A 
the Duke pray try what might by A the Duke's interest be in Flandei^s, 
for it is an idle unacomptable thing for me to be thuse, you will know 
my meaning I hope especially if you have my letters, I would not 
Willingly be such a burthen to you as necessary ly I am without some 
hopes of serveing A. the Duke yourselfe as [my] owne self att least by 
it, and that I cannot express . . . what I now doe for I cannot soe 
much as convince my cousin A. the Duke by this life that I would serve 
bim, that, I am 6 little capable of it and that I might share of his good 
ppinion, at leaste, it hath nothing else to give the same i s being ruined 
and if I am to begg it shall not trouble me, if I can but serve him, or att 
least convince him that I would, and if I cannot doe that I would then 
desire you to advise me which of the otlier two propositions you are 

I have been forced to draw the bill uppon Mr. Arthur this post, you 
will be pleased to acquaint him with it that it surprise him not. 

It is this makes me presse you to advise me, not any other impatience, 
for I know if it be likely that I can eyther serve A. the Duke or 
my selfe by my stay here you will not grudge any paine uppon that 
accompts, but if there be not that I would not presse you for money att 
present, and mine us more if it be possible att last without any 
prospect of good to some of us. 


I have noc letter these two last posts from you soe I have little to M«s. of Sir w 
say to you, and the trueth is D. S. has kept me three houres this ^"^^■»*^' 
morning, I will see youi friends aa soone as these great holy days are 

over. We have here a report that Mr in the 

nmghbouring of Gent I was told last night that Madam de Montespan 
has retired herself without the King's knowledge into a nunnery, 
and thence has writt to desire him never to see her more. There are 
diseants mude upon it some that it is zeal and that she intends to change, 
others that it is only to whet love, what there is of that I know not but 
the matter of fact I believe is true though I have not been att court, 
however pray name me not for the author. Pray persuade yourself and 
Lady that noe body loves you more nor is more your humble servaut 
than I am." 

Albany to 

1675, June 3. — '* Vous avez deja . . sans doute appris par les nou- 
velles publiques Taffaire de 220 qui vous servira d'une exposure . . . 
. . . . de rafiection de 250 aux affaires de 289 dont vous pouvez 
ainsy . . . une consequence tres assuree de ce que vous desirez 
cspercr quand les affaires de Mr. Clement aurez besoin de Tassij-tance de 
900. Je suis bien aise d'apprendre que ses affaires ne recoivent jusquis a 
cette heure aucun preiudice dans le proces [£ words torn o/f ] et si servis 
[torn off] . . . le detail de vos affaires comrae vous m'aui iez faier 
esperer par . . . derniere lune de 7 Avril, apres laquelle ie n'en ay 
pas receu d'aucunes j'en attend avec impatience de recevoir plus que 
[torn qff~\ . . . se depense [torn off] ce que ie crois de m'envoyer 
de nouvelles de Mr. Clement . . . ceque nous luy aurez faier esperer 
de m'informer tres particulierement de ce que se passe en un moment." 

Endorsed " 900." 

E. Coleman to the Internuncio. 

1675, August 30. Wipdsor.— " It is tnie sir that (2^:0) the Pope 
hath given us a dear and evident mark of his affection toward the (260 
of 289) Catholics of England. But (Mousr. Gabriel) the Internuncio 
hath testified noe lesse in doing justice to the merits of (220) Cardinal 
Norfolk, which he mentioned in his letter of the 6th of July, since wee 
have reason to attribute his success to the just (or favourable) cliaracter 
that Monsr. Gabriel (the Internuncio) hath given of him. I doe not 
at all apprehend that (Monsr. Gabriel) repenteth himself of the good 
offices that hee hath done him, but that bee will find them recompensed 
by the satisfaction wliich hee will receive in his friendship. 

*' As for (Monsr. Clement) the Duke, I beleeve that hee hath already 
found the effect of your prayers, and that hee almost surmounted 
all the difficulties which have opposed his establishment. The face of 
iiis affairs is well changed, for wee now passionately wish to see the 
coming on of (125) the Parliament, which wee soe much feared before, 
and while it was held doubtfull whether we ought to meet or noe, wee 
employed all our power to bring it on, which point we have gained but 
within these few days. And for my part I noe ways doubt that wee 
shall receive as much good by it as wee apprehended of ill, provided that 
(Monsr. Clement) the Duke, faile not in the execution of the good 
resolutions which hee hath taken. There is but one thing to bee feared 
where I have a very great apprehension that can hinder the success 
o our designes, which is a division amongst the (260) Catholics them- 
selves, which hath already broke out at Paris amongst some (260) 
Catholics of (289) England touching some difference of opinion in their 


MS8. OF Sir w. '* I find that some of them have sent their complaints to (900) Rome to 
PiTzmtEBEET. liave their antagonists condemned. I have no intimate acquaintance with 
the person complained of, and I dare affirm that hee hath made . . . 
ice as many (260) Catholics in (289) England, of those which were \_one 
word torn ojff] before as any other person of his quality, and that hee is 
as well inclined toward (250) the Pope, and his whole family as the best 
[of the] accusers, and I assure you iiee hath many friends here of the 
Hrst rank of (260) Catholics, who would not engage in his affaires if 
they did not believe that hee marched steadily toward the common 
end, although hee affecteth sometimes to express himselfe somewhat 
different from some of his brothers. As for mee I beleeve there is too 
much passion on both sides, and if it shall soe fall out that -his enemys 
prevail against him, and procure his condemnation at (900) Rome, I 
am] afraid that divers others will take occasion from thence to fall 
upon] many (260) English Papists before (125) the Parliament, 
desir[ing] its friendship about some extravagant propositions concerning 
the authority of (250) the Pope, to which the other (260) Catholics 
ca[nnot] submit ; which will give occasion to (125) the Parliament to 
. . . their conjunction to those who require it upon the conditions 
before mentioned, that is conditions prejudicial to the authority of (250) 
the Pope by the hatred which they bear to all the (114) Religion of 
the (260) Catholics, because they may persecute the rest of them with 
m[ore] appearance of justice, and ruine the one halfe of them more 
easily than the whole body at once. Soe that it seemeth to mee that 
all the (114) Religion should bee much more severely dealt with by 
reason of their complaint than now it is. It would be very improper 
in the present conjuncture of our affaires to make any division betwixt 
the (260) Roman Catholicks of (289) England upon any occasion 

^* But for my part I doe not perceive any prejudice that can befall 
(114) the Religion from any of those things against which some persons 
[seem to] bee soe furiously enraged, because to my apprehension there is 
nfothing] contained in them, but what hath heretofore been maintained 
[seem to] of worth and honesty, with the general approbation of the 
w[hole] world, and particularly by D. Elizude a Spaniard in his [work] 
entitled De forma verce religionis et invent , . . , 

If you doe not understand the subject of this letter our friend from 
whose hand you shall receive it will informe you, and let you know 
the persons and all the matters which have passed betwixt them, and 
when you shall bee fully possessed of them, and shall possibly come to 
bee of my opinion that it is necessary to prevent all differences betwixt 
the Romanists of England at this present conjuncture I hope you will 
contribute your utmost endeavour to prevent the condemnation of 
(900) Rome in anything that may occasion a breach among the 
Catholicks of England. I very well know that Monsr, Clement (the 
Duke) will hold himselfe much obliged by those who shall concerne 
themselves in the pacification of this disorder, from whence wee dread 
soe 'much mischief, and that (700) the Emperor and (Monsr. Gabriel) 
the Internuncio cannot performe an oflfice more gratefull to him than to 
jM:e vent (250) the Pope, or any of his family, to embark themselves in 
this affair which would raise some dispute among us, &c." 

" Translated out of French according to the key received from the 
Committee of Lords for examining Coleman's papers." 

to Mr. Coleman. 

1675, December ht* Paris. — " I found your letter at my arrival) at 
Paris which gave me a most sensible joy to see myself yet in your 


remembrance, and more in your favour for which I thank you with all M8S. of Sib W. 
my heart as for a present the most precious I could receive on your ^tzhbbbkkt. 
parte and I conjure you to treate me as the most pasionate of your 
friends and the most faithful of your servants. I have sp(»iven con- 

62 488 

ceming Mr. Coleman to the King of France's Confessor and I found 

him well disposed to enter into the commerce of the Catlioliques, but to 

tell you the truth I have cause to believe that father Sheldon hath 

62 136 

made some ill impressions of Mr. Coleman to the King of France as of 
a person whose advice is too violent to succeed in the Iraliick wherein 

the Duke of York is ingaged. I will endeavour to discover the truth in 
a little time, thev have expressed to me a great desire to help the 

300 ' 39 

Roman Catholiques and the Duke of York in their business but it's 
feared that some merchants that are come to thwart thcni should not 

alter the King of France as to the point of money for they say they 
see noe fruite of it, and moreover there are some that doe mucli decry the 

39 163 

Duke of York in the mind of the King of France as if he Lad no creditt 
at home little feared and less capable to execute any thins; ; you may 
believe me, if I am deceived send me word exactly what there is 
to be said in it for they will heare me, and I hope to spenk with the 

King of France in a few daies ; you know who I am. I sahite Madam 
your wife, my respects to all my friends, I am come hither the day 
before yesterday which was Thursday and I write to you to-day being 
Saturday, my letter ought to be with you on Wednesday or Thursday, 
Sir 'tis your humble servant Dr. Ponthieu for it is soe that you ought 
to write the adress of your letters for me, I am at the College of 
Dermont in St. Jaraes Street. I think you had best address your 
letters to me myselfe without passing them through the hands of 
Mr. Warner. Tlie letter that was given you was not from Madam 

Ruvigny but from Madam de la Tremblay who writt to me from 

Paris. I tell you again that the King of France is not resolved to 

recall Mr. de Ruvigny from the traffick he hath engaged him in ; he 
knows he hath done more hurt than good, but other considerations 
retard that afiaire. One of your friends says that he will see if he can 

make him understand things ; but Coleman must unfold to me ver^ well 
what he aimes at and the meanes to arrive to it ; the ?ame friend says 

alsoe that he hath made the King of France his Confessor conceive that 

163 1 60 

the King of France ought not to doe any business with Denmarke but 

by the meanes of the Duke of York and he promised & hath engaged 

himself upon his life to the Confessor to make all things succeed soe 


M88. o¥ SiE w. they go by that way. Hath he done well, and doe you know that 


"""" friend ? He shall be called hereafter Monsr. de Ruvigny for I know 

not any name for him among your cyphers." 
** Translated by Eichd. Temple." 

Superscribed for Mr. Coleman, Secretary to Her Royal Highness." 
[Endorsed] " No. 3. These first six were perused by Sir T. Lee. 

St, Germain's letters." 


1675, December o^. Paris. — " I cant help writing to you againe this 

weeke, having two things to communicate to you, one is that I've seen 
Father Sheldon, who dessignes to goe and transact concealed in your 
country. He thinks to begin his journey in 8 or 10 days, but take no 
notice of this for feare it be known who told it you. He would by all 
means that I should carry him to wait upon the King's Confessor where 
he usfcs his own uttmost end(?avours as also the interest of every body 
besides to ingratiate himselfe he will not be thought a marchant and 
therefore woares a sword and lodges with the Archbishop of Dublin. 
They both of them as I am told presse forward that businesse whereof 
he writ to you, and which you communicated to me. The other thing is 
that the King's Confessor told us that the King of France did think in 
good earnest to recall Mr- de Ruvigny from the management of his 
affairs in England. But Father Sheldon does not like him that is to 
be sent in his roome, because he says he is not of those men here 
which are most fitt for our designs, altho he be very dextrous, and I am 
of his mind as well for that reason as for others which I know which I 
cant tell you as yet. Therefore if you'l tell the Duke if there be any 
man for the purpose here which he approves of, he needs but signifie it 
to Mr. Ruvigny and heo'l work so with the King's Confessor that it shall 
be effectually proposed to the King. This would be a great advantage 
to the designs of the Catholicks. I expect to hear from you. I saw my 
Lady Throckmoi-ton yesterday, who came to Paris to ly in, and goes back 
to Pontoise within few days, she has gott a paine in her leg, which has 
continued since her lying in. My most humble service to Mrs. Coleman 
be known ike to nobody else because I dont think it necessary it should 
be known I write to you so often. 

In another hand at the beginning'] " Duncombe." 

An original letter,] 


1675, December -r^. Calais. — "It is impossible for mee to abstaine 

from writing to you any longer ; I do not know how I stand with you, 
but I assure you that I ought to be extremely well thought of bavin «• 
never done anything in relation to you that could render mee unworthy 
of the friendship which you have allways had for me ; and I dare even 
say that I have always done things so as to merite still more. For all 
this will you not take it ill if I speak freely to you, me thought I saw * 
all your kindnesse towards me grow somewhat cold the very last 
moments of my stay in England ; and I was fully resolved to clear this 
point before my departure, had it not been so precipitated. God did not 
permitt it, and our will must yield to his ; yet remember that I am 
unsatisfied in the matter; and nothing is able to cure me, if you have 
not the goodnesse to show me some real marques of the same confidence 


with which you were heretofore pleased to honour me ; and which made MSS. o» Sib W. 

mee passe soe many happy houres in your company. I carry your ^^^^^^■■'« 

cyfers with me, and 1 tell you of it that this may serve you whether 

you intend to make use of me, or that you think it fitt to doe otherwise ; 

However in what place soever God puts mee you shall always have a 

most ohliged, most faithful, and most diligent servant. My leaving 

London without being justified troubles mee much, and would vex me 

infinitely more if 1 had not done on my part ail that a man of honesty 

and honour could doe. Think of me as of the person in the world who 

is most, &c." 

Endorsed " No. 2. Notbing." 

Edward Peters to Mr. Tdnstall at Burton. 

1677-8, Febiniary 23. — " I have but tyme to conveigh these following 
particulars to you ; first I cm to give you notice, that it hathe seemed 
fitting to our Master Consult' provincial to ^:s, the 21st day of April 
next, styl. vet., for the meeting att London of our congregation on 
which day all those that have right off suffrage are to bee present there, 
that they be ready to give a beginning to the same on the 24th day 
which is the next day after St. George his day, you are warned to have 
jus suffragii, and therefore in case your occasions should not permitt 
you to be present you are to signify as much to the end others in their 
ranckes bee ordered to supply your absence ; everyone is minded also 
not to [hast] into London long before the tyme appointed nor to appear 
much about the Towne till the meeting bee over, least occasion should 
bee given to suspect the dessigne. Finally secresy as to the tyme, and 
place is much recommended, to all those that receive summons, as it will 
appear of its own nature necessary. 3° pro Domino Solono debito 
Benefact. prov. Linensis. 

I am so straitened fur tyme that I can only assure you I shall bee 
truly glad of obliging you any ways. 

Sn yor Servant E. D. P. 

Postscript. — Pray my Eervices where due." 
[A copy.'] 

" Some Notes op Evidence." 

1678, October 29.— (fol. 101) " Coleman acknowledged that Lord Lordi' journal. 
A[rundel] of W [ardour] knew of Coleman's going over to the Inter- [ITiree lines of 
nuncio at Brussels. shorthand,] 

1678, November 8. — " Lord Arundel does not deny it." [This entry 
is crossed out.] 

" Lived with Mr. Coleman as his footman for about a year and half John Tewdor. 
before his imprisonment, in which time his Master did frequently visit 
my Lord Ar[undel] of Wa[rdour], sometimes once or twice in a day, 
and in the al'ternoon of the day before his apprehending his master was 
twice at my Lord's, and he was that afternoon allso with Mr. Wright. 

"The 8 following receipts and papers, among others, were found in ,pjg ^^.^ ^ ,_ 
my Lord Ar[undel] of Wa[rdour's] possession. ley seized them. 

** Three several receipts given by J. Fen wick, dated 15 February, 1675, Boatman and 
12 January, 1676, and 23 January, 1677, for three several sums of £25 • • away can 
paid by his Lordship for three several years pensions for his grand child P^°^® *^^^® 
Hen : Arundell (or Spenser as he is sometimes called) presumed to be thoaeht^ 
for his maintenance at St. Omer. rg^^ ^^' ^ 

"Another paper, which appeals to be the same handwriting with ,^0^^;^^^^*' 
the other three, that is Fenwick's, which states the first account struch ovt,] 

£ 64159. H 



Can prove. 


[^A Shorthand 

^^Ihmert!^ saying Henry Spenser arrived at ¥t am stoo d St. Omers July 26, 1673, 

and said he was there at £25 per annum. 

"A receipt given July 23, 1678, by William Ireland for XIO paid by 
mj Lord Ar[undel] for my Lord Tenham. 

** A receipt given his Lordshipp November 20, 1675 by William 
Ir e lan d James Corker for £30 being consideration [one or two words 

torn off] due to William Brent Esqr. to whose use and by whose 
appointment 'twas received. 

** A like receipt given July 18, 1669 by Henry Latham for £30 due 
to Brent April 28 before. 

"A like receipt given December 1, 1674 by the same for £30, due to 
him for 6 months allowance for £1000. 

*' Upon which writings these observations may be made 

** 1 , It hereby nianifestly appears that my Lord had such a grandson 
at St. Omer, which hugely confirms Mr. Otes' testimony. 

"2. It shews his Lordshipp had correspondence with Ir : Fe : &c. 
(tho 'tis mentioned in the Lords journal that he denyed any such 

"3. In ihe paper which states thelirst account about H. Spenser, the 
word Flamsteed is plainly legible, though there be, as here, a line draw^n 
through it; and then follows the word St. Omer. Now Otes sais 
Flamsteed was a w^ord of cabal or cypher, to signify St. Omer, and it 
seems it ran so much in the Jesuits head that he had writt it before he 
recollected himself, and this too confirms Mr. Otes. 

" 4. As lo the money paid to Mr. Brent's use I know not any observa- 
tion to be made. I suppose upon the score of the phrase-divinity they 
would not call it interest or usury, though it was no other. 

" 5. I adde this observation that upon the 6 receipts dated February 15, 
• January 12, July 23, November 20, July 18, and December I, there are 
indorsements titleing or noting the contents of the several receipts, 
and those indorsements are writ in the same hand that the indorsement 
on the drawn-bill above mentioned is viz The Act of Parliament drawn 
by Mr. Attorney &c., supposed my Lord Arundell's owne [hand]. 

Give in evidence the convictions in the Oxford circuit, and that of 


Jamks Salgado to 

[A document of ten pages in Latin purporting to be a letter from 
Salgado a Spaniard to his spiritual father with a report of a confes- 
sion made to him as a priest^ by one Netterville, a prisoner in the 

Netterville had received a message from the Lords in the Tower 
desiring him to find some man to swear that the Plot originated with 
the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Shaftesbury. He therefore bribed 
the man who stole the King's crown (Salgado does not remember the 
name) to swear to this effect for £500, and the man revealed the whole 
matter to the King's Secretary. (Homo taliter conductus totum nego- 
tium Begio Secretario revelavit). Upon this Oates and Bedlow were 
sent to see Netterville in the prison, and he then expected to be called 
before the Parliament. In which case he said he would say nothing 
but that he had heard this story from Father Kelly. While we were 
talking a woman, a friend of his came into his cell (cubiculum) and he 
spontaneously said this woman has come to me from the Lords in the 
Tower, because it might excite suspicion if they sent a man. 

I then asked him if he would hold to this statement of his intercourse 
with the Lords, and he in a timid voice cried out A-nglice ' O Lord,' 
I only epeak of it to you as a priest. 


Then lie sai<l that he had procured his freedom from Father Kelly by MSS. of Sib "W. 
giving ten sliillings security for him and five to the Justice's clerk, itzhbbbbbt. 
That Kelly had been ungrateful, and that his name in prison had been 
Samuel Mons, or Ormond. I do not remember which it was. 

Then he said he was not ready for confession at that time but asked 
tne to come to him again the next morning. He then confessed nothing 
but that 0ate8 and Bedlow had asked him whence he got the money, 
and he had answered from Ireland. " Quod satis impertinans ad con- 
fessionem existimabam " 

Then he said Oales was a villain. That he was always wanting 
money from the Superior when he was a Jesuit, and had taken up this 
course of obtaining money when it was refused him by the Superior. 

Then he asked me, extra cunfessionem, when the Lords would be 
brought before Parliament and said he feared they were in great danger. 
I asked him how he lived. He answered coldly of his own means or by 
help of his friends. 

This is all. It seems to me that he is supported by the Lords in tho 
Tower. I do not think he is altogether innocent, but I leave him to 

"In Vine Street at the sign of the Vine near Hatton Garden. 
Jacobus Salgado, Hispanus." 

" Presbyter Conversus." 

The Same to the Same. 

By your orders I visited Netterville again on May 3. 

He repealed the former statement that he thought the Lords were 
in the greatest danger, especially because the Earl of Shaftesbury, their 
sworn enemy, was to be their judge. 

He also said that he had obt-ained the freedom of a certain Bussell 
and Kelly, and that the name of the man who stole the crown was 
Berry. I pointed out to him that he was not bound to keep faith with 
heretics, and pressed him to tell me what he had written to the Lords. 
He answered that he would willingly do so, and that I could safely 
correspond with Talbot his relative, who is now under arrest in Ireland. 
He told the woman of his dealings with me, and when I remonstrated 
he said she was most zealous in the Roman Catholic faith and could be 

" I strongly advise that the jailers should be instructed to watch and 
apprehend this woman." 

CcpyJ^ Efidorsed "From Sir Thomas Meres." 

"Mr. Johx Fenwick's Papers, opsned the .5th of October 1678. 

1678, October 5 :— 

1. A general Alphabet, or list of names and addresses. 

2. Another folio for addressing of letters. 

3. A general account of receipts and payments of money for the use 
of young men admitted to the seminaries &c. A thick folio. 

4. Another thick folio of accounts of money received and paid in 
generall, in which Mr. Busby is very often mentioned, where among 
other particulars there is an entry in August last that £400 was left with 
E. Hinton, goldsmith, at 5 per cent, to be called in at 20 days notice, 

5. Another thin folio, being a list of names and some small money 
mentioned, marked C. 

Two bundles looked through, which contain letters from all parts 
generally relating to money for the supply of novices at St. Omer's &c. 

H 2 


MSB. OP Sir w. Also catalogues of iheir names, and tlie several forms and classes they 
— learn m. 

Also of their true naiiios and A\lse names, and several addresses to find 
out people up and down here in England. 

Reliques with n- little book. 

Some letters of Mj-. Ireland, laid by on purpose to compare his hand. 

Some notes of 'Mr. Fenwick's laid by for the same end. 

Also some notes of a letter signed by Titus Oates, laid by for the 
same end. 

Lists for sixteen counties that show the false names, the true names, 
the country's condition, arrival, departure, some of debts due, some of 
payments, and the party taking care of each district. 

Lists of sums due at St. Omers for the particular parties therein 

Bills of exchange (the duplicates) from 1676 to 1678 for £6703 10^. 6^. 

"A minute of several letters found in the papers of Mr. Fenwick, 
searched the 5th and 6th of October 1678. 

1678, August 18.— Hen. Tas. to Mr. Fenwick.— Chides him for 
sayiog and unsaymg the certain price of maintaining lads at Sfc. Omers. 

That hereafter he should himself come into the country and agree for 

That if Mr. Ireland were then out of towne his letters ought to have 
been opened by Fenwick and answered. 

A Bill of £106 sent to Mr. Ireland last month. 

1678, August 20. — James Butler observes that Mr. Ireland was not 
ia towne, but it does not appear where his letter was writ. 

1678, July 31. — W. Dicktieid Smith adviseth that they are busy 
among their countrymen in the hospitals, snatch some out of the enemy's 
claws at the last gasp. 

April 24. — Father Peuington tells . . . how zealous he is, and 
hopeful the work, if assisted. 

1677-8, February 13. — A letter from Ignatius Pippard. Mem. under 
this name go letters to Peter Talbot. 

1677, May 9. — From Alanson at St. Omer to Fenwick, that he 
should disperse some papers on the recess of the Parliament. 

1668, July 25. — From Charles S tanner to Richard Bannister, how 
£J500 was given to them by one Roger Manners. 

1667, June.— Extract of Mr. letter to Fenwick about £6000 

given by the Lady Mordant to be laid out at Holywell. And another 
paper by Fenwick. 

1677. — Copy of the Will of William Peters, son of Sir Francis Peters, 
Bart. Gives all his estate, real and personal, to Peirce Butler, Edward 
Coleman, and William Gawers. Revoking all other wills. 

1678, May 22, — Mr. Thimbleby, al:as Ashby, from St. Omer, talks 
of April's assignations, then he complains that Mr. Coleman fails to 
eend his news letter which was expected so long, as his nephew was 
there on free cost. 

1678, September 6. — Mr. Lewis tells Mr. Fenwick of a mission newly 
sent, one Henry Powell. 
The lad now in custody. 

1678, September 12. — From . . Clare at St. Omer to Richard 
Thimbleby, by which it appears this man w^as returned from the Bath. 


An account of ilie rents of some marsli lands near Fcrcrsliam. MSS. op Sie "^ 

1678, August 25. — From Slaplelon, rocfor of Sf. Omcr to Fenwick. — 

Touching a mission to Sevill (which may i)e Crump now in Newgate). 
That Mr. White was hard at work, and making vA\ haste over; Carey 
was preparing to p^o on to Rome. 

That if from this hemisphere he could discover a storm threatening, 
though afar ofF, make what haste you can over that we may at least reap 
some fruits of our labours and expenses, by a good use of that which 
they have produced. 

S^il mihi rescribas attamen ips3 veni. 

Mons is not relieved, which is a sign the Coiifederate3 fall short of 
their aim. 

1678, September 29. Stapleton to Fenwick. — If you please to in- 
form Mr. Bluiidell of you would oblige me. Be sure your next 

brings us good news of our master. 

From Marvlanp. 

1678, June [or January] 12. — Mr. Forster writes to Mr. Fenwick a 
large account of 24 reconciled &c. and then a full stale of their temporal 
what land, what cattle, what tobacco, what debts, and where. 

1678, April 19.— A letter from Samual Terrill to Fenwick. He 
appears to have some office in the custom hoj^e. 

1678, August 7. — A letter from Edvi-avd Preswick to John Groves 
about a " box of oyles," and some marked C. 

Assigning Counsels' parts for the Lords trial. 

Mr. Powle - - To open the evidence. 

Mr. ISerieant Maynard - 1 rp . . , 

o- ^^ \%T' ' : ^ J-O peruse the evidenca. 

Sir Fr. Wmnmgton - J ^ 

Sacheverell - •-It^ja a u 

r,. , > Lord Arundell. 

J rencher - - J 

Col. Titus - - 1 -L ^ p 

SirH. Capell - ^ ^i^ora reieis. 

Vaughan - - 1 j^^^^ p 

Seymour - - J 

Sir T. Stringer - 1 

Sir T. Player - - > Lord Bellasis. 

Sir T. Meeres - - J 

Mr.Treby -" I } Lord Stafford. 

Mr. Serjeant Maynard -'{ m ^u • i 

o- 1.^ WT' • 1 7 ^^ su n up the evilen^e. 

•bir t r. W mnington - J * 

An Order in Council. 

1679, October 15. — Up3n the petition of Thomas Knox that he, being 
summoned before the Committee of the House of Lords upon information 
that he had scandalised Mr. Oates, may have certain of his papers which 
were delivered to the Secret Co;iimitree ot the House of Commons, and 
are now in the hands of Mr. Treby, Chairman of the said Committee; 
it is ordeied that the papers be deposited in the hands of the clerk of 
the Council who shall act upon their Lordships' directions. 

The papers were delivered to the Committee on April 29, 1679, and 
consisted of four letters directed to Mr. Knox, subscribed, W. Oiboriie, 
John Lane, dated April 2, 4, 6, 20rh. 

An Information by Thomas Knox. 

One of W. Osborne and J. Lane's relating to his Majesty. 



— 1678. Dec. 24. S. Dug dale, 

Dec. 29 
1678-9. Jany. 8, 11, 17, li-22, 23, 24, 31. 
„ February 12, 21, 21, 2 i. 

„ March 21, 24, 25, 26, 27. 

„ April 14. 

1679. March 26, Bedloe. 

1678, December 24. — " The Information of Stephen Dugdale gentle- 
man late servant to the Lord Aston of Tixall concerning the Plott 
against our Soveraigne Lord the Kinge as followeth. 

1. That Informant saith that presently after one Howard, Almoner to 
the Queene, went beyond the seas hee was told by George Hopson, 
servant to the said Lord Aston, that there was a designe then intended 
for the reformation of the government to the Romish religion. 

2. Hee informeth that in the beginning of September 1678 hee mett 
in Tixall nigh the Lord's gates the Lord Stafford, who said to this 
informant it was sadd that tliey were troubled for that they could not 
say their prayers but in a hidd manner ; but suddenly there would be a 
reformacon to the Romish religion, and if there was but a good 
successe they should enjoy their religion. And upon the 20th day of 
Sept. last, the said Lord Stafford told the informant that there was a 
designe in hand, and if hee this informant would undertake the designe 
hee should have a good reward und make himselfe famous. 

3. Upon the aforesaid day immediately after this informant went into 
the chamber of Mr. Francis Wrie, alias Evers, a Jesuitein Tixall, and 
asked him what the Lord Stafford meant by those words and after hee 
had made him to 8weare secrecy upon his knees hee told him hee might 
be a person employed in the worke and make a good reward, that would 
make him famous, and hee then told him h^e must be instrumentall in 
taking away the King's life, and that it should be done by shootinge or 
otherwise and that this informant need not to feare for the Pope had 
excommunicated the Kinge, and that all that were excommunicated by 
him were hereticks, and they might kill them and be cannonised for 
saints in soe doing. 

4. This informant saith that the said Evers and Hopson both said 
that the designe was as well to kill the Duke of Monmouth as the 

5. Tiiat George North (nephew to Pickering and servant to the Lord 
Aston) lately told this informant that they had taken his uncle (mean- 
ing Pickering) and putt him into Newgate and thought the King 
deserved such an execrable death as was intended him, because of his 
w^horeing and debauchery. 

6. That Mr. Evers said Mr. Bennifield had a packquett of letters 
delivered to him from the Post house which he fear'd thie Lord Treasurer 
had notice of and therefore had delivered them to the Duke of Yorke 
and the Duke delivered them to the King and that the King gave them 
to the Treasurer after Lee had read tliem, but that the King did not 
believe them, and therefore it was happye or else the plott had been 

7. That he had received many packquetts of letters for Evers some 
of which this informant broake up and found them to be and tend to 
the establishing of the Romish religion. 

8. That he had received sevcrall sr.mes of money himselfe and knew 
of diverse others that were employed to putt forth money which was 
and is for the Jesuitts use." 


lEndorsedl ** Received at the Committee from the Earle of Essex ami MSS. op SirW 
there read 24 January 1678-9." Fitzheebebt. 

1678, December 29. — " Mr. Slephen Dugdale further saith that since 
the 20lh day of Sept. last the Lord Stafford did promise him £500 as to 
the carrying on the Plott &c. And that Mr. Evers should give him 
instructions about the same, and that the Lord Stafford told him he did 
not doubt of his fidelity, for Mr. Evers had given him a good character 
to be trusty, and the Lord Stafford further told him that there was a 
designs to take away the life of the King and the life of the Duke of 
Monmouth, and that severall other persons were to be imployed in the 
designe besides this informant. And that this had been throughly con- 
sidered of, to bee the fittest way for the establishing the Komish 
religion. And at the same time the Lord Stafford laid his hand upon 
his head and prayed God to keep him in his right mind and to be faithful! 
to what he was intrusted in, and forthwith the said Lord went out of the 
hall in Tixall into the parlour, and further saith that shortly after Mr. 
Evers imposed the same matters on him this informant and he doubting 
of the Lord Stafford *s payment Mr. Evers promised him the makeing 
good my Lord Stafford *s promise, and told him that Mr. Harcott and 
Mr. Ireland, Jesuitts, should pay him, who had sufficient in their hands 
to defray it and other charges whatsoever. And further that Mr. Evers 
told him this informant that severall gentlemen in the county had 
moneys in their hands for the carrying on the worke, but were shie to 
it here but had entred into covenant for it at St. Omers and that hee 
received a letter from Mr. Warner a Jesuite which did confirme the 
same and that the said money should be speedily returned into the 
hands of Mr. Harcott the Jesuitt. And further saith he saw a letter 
directed to Mr. Evers which he broke upp and read and knowed it to 
be the Lord Stafford's writing and that therein was written that things 
went on well beyond seas for the carrying on the designe and soe he 
hoped it did soe here in England. 

And further Mr. Evers told this informant that there were severall 
Indulgencies for the pardoning those that were concerned in the designe, 
and these he believes came from Mr. Ireland." 

\_Copi/, Endorsed,'] ** Delivered to the Committee by the Earl of 
Essex and their read January 4, 1678-9." 

1678-9, January 8. — *' Mr. Stephen Dugdale aged about 40 years 
being sworne saith that having been soe lately on his journe}' he wants 
a little time and rest to put in writinge the things he hath to informe 
concerninge the plott, but that he had already vri'itten one particular 
concern inge the Lords Stafford which he presented and thereupon his 
first (Icposicon of the 24th December and his seconde deposicon of the 
29th foUowiiige was both read and he did in virtue of his oath acknow- 
ledtre that all the substance thereof was true. Then the paper which he 
delivered in concerning the Lord Stafford was alsoe read. Hee further 
saith that he was bred up a Protestant till he was about 29 years old 
and then beinge persuaded by one Knight a priest to turne Papist he 
hath ever since remained in that religion. Onely that upon New Yeares 
dav last he once went to the Protestant church, that when the said 
Knight dyed he delivered him up to the tuition of Evers a Jesuite that 
lived with the Lord Aston for about 15 years and that by the meanes of 
the said Evers who had sworne him to secrecy and given him the sacra- 
ment for severall times he was brought into great trust amongst the 
Jesuits and usually called by them honest Stephen and was often in their 
secret counsells at Boscobell and at Tixall, sometimes in the chamber 


MSS. OP Sir "W. of Mr. Evers and sometimes in his owne chamber there. And he 
FiTZHBBBEBT. believcs there are some here in towne that can testify how much he 
was intrusted by them. 

That he hath no malice or quarrell to any person and that he was a 
true loyall subject to his Majestic as any could be till within two yeares 
last past that ho was persuaded by the Jesuit to evill designes against his 
I^ajestie, which designes had been on foote for about these six yeares but 
at last beinge prevailed upon he had willingly engaged and undertaken in 
the designe of killing the Kinge and was to have come up by order of the 
Lord Stafford in the beginning of October last upon the promise already 
mentioned in other papers; unto which he'further adds that Mr. Evers told 
him and he thinkes the Lord Stafford did soe too that if he effected the 
matter he should have his pardon and be alsoe canonized for soe doinge. 
That Mr. Evers and Mr. Ireland told him he should be here in London 
provid3d for by him the said Ireland and Mr. Harcoat and be sometimes 
with Mr. Parsons at Standon who knowes all the matter, and sometimes 
here in London, and that here being come up, he should know more 
of his company and receive his instructions how to proceed. He saith 
that Ireland had been with him this summer at Tixall and thereabouts 
and went so far as Holywell being in all about a month or six weekes 
in the country, and that he came up before thera about the middle of 
September last and the reason why the examinent followed not in the 
beginning of October as was intended was because newes came of the 
discovery of the plot made by Mr. Oates. He further saith that in 
sometime after the said discovery, when orders and proclamations began 
to come forth, his feares increased soe much that he complained to 
Mr. Evers concerninge the danger he might be in and did fear that his 
name might be put into some of the proclamations. Whereupon Mr. 
Evers persuaded him first to make his escape into Ireland, he having 
then mony of his owne and of the Lord Aston's to supply him, but 
hearing that the ports were shut he did not take that course but being 
by Mr. Evers advised to run away and hide him where best he could he 
did the night before he went take severall letters and papers which he 
stuft in his breeches and going to the house of one Eld that hidd at Tixall 
he did burne them there in the house of his two daughters Ann and Eliza 
Eldjthis latter being a fellow servant with him at the Lord Aston's, but they 
knew nothing of their contents but have reported as he heard since the 
burning of those papers telling one Perrey the gaoler's wife and others 
thereof. These papers would he said have re/ealed much of the 
business but the next day which was about the 19th of November last 
he fled, Mr. ^vers first telling him that he would excuse it to mj Lord 
and give out, which he himselfe alsoe did, that he was gone to see for 
money to pay what he had lost to Sir John Crew and others, that hee 
owed mony unto, being for the most part what he had lost upon wagers 
of a foote race on the 21st of October ; and Evers further said that he 
would alsoe give out that the examinent was gone about some 
particular business which he had imployed him in that being gone he 
went among other places to the house of one John Bond whose neice 
was his friend and who had ^\e yeares before persuaded him to be a 
Protestant. That he was in a great fright and did to her begin to 
impart some little thing of the plot, but she appearinge much startled 
thereat he presently denied all againe. This place was about 12 miles 
from Tixall and here he went and hid in a hay mow from about a houre 
before day till some part of the night followinge having something 
brought to him by Eobert the servant to eat; that here he sent for two 
friends to come to him but before they came while he lay in the hay 


mow John Bond went forth to enquire whnt he would hoar concornin^^o mss. opSir'W 

him, and not hearinge of much harme he let him come in and lodge the Fitzhbmbbt, 

rest of the night in his house where he was private in a chamber all the 

day following. Then when his two friends came to him they conveyed 

him to the widow Walker by a common side near Newton and there 

he continued close from Friday to Monday being now nearer home than 

before and as then he was drawing towards Tixall in the night he was 

about the 3rd December last taken by the watch that were abroad and 

carried before a Justice of the Peace, anffl from thence to Staflford where 

they who were his creditors hearing of the trouble he was in and that 

if he got free, which he was like to doe, they would hardly get their 

mony or see him againe (so much was he noted to be intimate with the 

Jesuits who were now spoke of about the plott) that he had actions laid 

upon him by all to whome he owed but a groato. That while he did 

absent himselfe and before he was taken he did endeavour to get out of 

the hands of Richard Grerard Esqre. a certain deed by which he had 

made over to the value of £500 of his estate to the Jesuits in case he 

dyed without children, they having promised him to s;iy sever all masse? 

for the good of his soule. That his lands were worth about £700 in all 

and his debts not halfe soe much, besides he had sever all debts owing 

to him, but having found difficulty to get this deed backc into his hands, 

he did in meeting Arthur Fox, a servant to the Lord Aston, desire him 

to go to his Lord to begge his assistance about the recovery of hii 

deed, for he understood that his Lordship had noe mindo to see him 

considering the great rumour about the plott. That he did rather 

desire when he was taken to draw homewards because he heard his 

name was not in any of the proclamations and soe ho thought himselfe 

safe. That though he had been longe troubled in minde yet he had 

noe intention to discover any thinge, untill at last observing by the 

proclamation which gave pardon to those that discovered before the 

25th December, and alsoe a reward the time was almost cut, he thought it 

high time to discover, which he did to Justice Lanse and Justice Vernon, 

but did it not until! the 24th December, and then did it not for any 

profit that was mentioned ; that besides his examination that having 

being taken in the country he did informe Mr. Lane of some letters 

which he thinkes may yet be found in a place where they were by him 

layd at Tixall house and not burnt by him when the rest of the papers 

were, and believes they are such as will give some light to this business, 

and that Mr. Lane did imploy Mr. William Touthall of Pancjrth ^ 

according to his directions to finde the said papers^ I. He further t^aith 

that he hath seen and had severall treasonable letters from Ireland, 

Harcoat, and Grote, relating to this business, and seen other letters from 

St. Omers and particularly from one Warner, and hath particularly seen 

letters from one at Paris whose name he could not recollect. That he 

did not know Otes or Bedlow though he had been at the house of 

Bedlow's mother who lives at a common near Bristoll, but that he hath 

often heard both their names in letters as persons imployed, and 

particularly that Bedlow was employed upon severall mes^sages aoout 

letters by William Harcoat the Jesuit ; he further saith that Mr. Evers 

did formerly acquaint him that there was here in Lou Jon the last 

summer was 12 months a great meeting of the Jesuits in relation to this 

designe and that upon recollection he remembers well the Jesuits Lad a 

meetinge here in London the last springe for that Mi*. Evers and other 

Jesuits of Staffordshire went up unto it about Aprile. That he knowes 

Pickering having lived in the towne where Pickering was borne, and 

knowes alsoe his nephew George N'orth that lived with the Lord Aston, 

but knowes not that Pickering was employed to kill the Kinge. He saith 


MSS. OP Sir w. ^^^^ ^^^- ^^'^^s told him how that Mr. Fowler of St. Thomas was 
FiTZHBBBBBT. either excommunicate or to be excommunicated for not consenting to 
this designe being one that was soilicited thereunto. That Mr. 
Heveringham did consent as Mr. Evers told him to give money there- 
unto somewhat more that his name might not be pat in- writing as one 
who was listed in the designe. Alsoe that one Howard Esqre., son of 
Sir Robert Howard of Wales, would be instrumentall in giving of mony. 
Alsoe that one Broadstrcet a Priest had actually contributed his mony 
thereunto and was to be an actor in the conspiracy That Mr. !^!vers 
did press him earnestly at the time he went to escape to be secret and 
keep councell of all and that he should if he were ever brought to 
examination deny his l^nowledge in every particular, which he then and 
when he burnt his papers was resolved to doe. He saith that he was 
told that Mr. Evers had made his escape out of a window a little from 
Boscobell on or about Christmas last, he saying that when the Lord 
Stafford offered him the £500 it was in a roome at Tixall in the Lord 
Aston's house in the roome where his Lordship lay. That he is not 
certain whether the Lord Aston bo engaged therein, onely he once 
attending at the dooro (to say somewhat to the Lord Stiifford about a 
footmatch, which was a sport his Lordship loved) while the Lord 
Stafford and the Lord Aston walked together in a longe parlour and the 
Lord Stafford havinge spoken he lieard the Lord Aston reply that 
there would be much difficulty in the trusting of pei'sons in the thinge ; 
to which the Lord Stafford answered that the Lord Aroundell of 
Wardour might be trusted and that he was a man with whome he would 
trust his life. But the examinant doth thinke that the Lord Aston did 
not consent to the designe, that the greatest debt ibr which he was 
clapt up in Stafford is 100 guineas, which he lost to Sir John Crew at 
the said foote race, and that the other debts are smaller sums which he 
hath a great deule more than will satis fie having lands and debts due to 
him, and he presumes that he can here in towne procure baile for all 
that he owes " 

ICopi/. Endorsed,^ "Stephen Dugdale's examination about the 
Lord Stafford.'* 

Deposition of Stephen Duqdale. 

1678-9, January IL — "Besides what I have formerly given in of Mr. 
Evers. I have this more. 

That hee at severall tymes, told me that the Pope out of his revenue 
had graunted summes of money towards the putting the Irish into a 
condition of opposing the now established government for it was his 
gracious pleasure to consider what a tyranicall government they lived 
under ; and I opened a letter to the same purpose "which came from 
Paris, which was directed to Mr. Evers but the person's name I have 
forgotten, but it was that he had lately received a letter from tlome to 
confirme that the Pope did still hold his good purpose for the speedy 
releivini^ the poore Lish, and that they were considering how to procure 
them men as well as money, but about that and other things, there would 
shortly be an expresse from thence to England which would be about 
the latter end of March and the said Mr. Evers' company was required 
in London together with Mr. Cottons, Mr. Gavens, Mr. Peters, and 

This letter above said was dated to my best knowledge the latter end 
of February 1677-8, and accordingly Mr, Evers did come to London 
and Mr. Peters, but whether the otiier two were there I know not, but 
I think they were, and when Mr. Evers came home he told me Mr. 


Ireland and Mr. Simmons would be in the country the latter end of June mss. o» Sir w, 
for considering the be&t waj and means for the carrying on this great Fitzhbbbbbt. 
worke as it was soe called. 

I doe acknowledge I have severall tymes been with Mr. Evers, Mr. 
Vasasor, Mr. Peters, Mr. Levison and sometimes Mr. Ireland, at Tixliall 
and at Boscobell upon adviseing with them which way might be the 
fittest way for the reformation, and it was alwayeo supposed that to 
endeavour to disturbe the peace in Ireland and Scotland which would 
be a means to weaken England soo much that their attempt might the 
easier be managed, which could not be done without good assistance 
from beyond seas, which as Mr. Gaven said we need not feare, for 
although they had great troubles of them both in Flanders and France 
and those countryes there would not be men and money wanting to 
carry on the designe for the glory of Almighty God which wee need 
not feare but he had a great blessing in store for us, and with his 
assistance it will, if we have but patience to waite for his mercyes, bee 
accomplished. And then our endeavours must be for doeing our parts 
here which is not only to kill the King and the Duke of Monmouth but 
as much as we could to lessen the power of the rest. Mr. Peters 
answered are you sure the gentlemen all bo true to us in assisting with 
money for if that should faile our owne stock would quickly faile. 
With that I told them I would give an hundred pounds more then that 
1 had made over to Mr. Gerrard which was taken very thankfully with 
promises that I need not feare to have .a free pardon procured for my 
sinns past and be placed a saint in heaven for all eternity insomuch 
that I had been ins trumen tale in soe good and pious a worke. Mr, 
Vavasor said that those moneys which were neer upp in tyme should be 
called in. Mr. Jackson being the person chosen out for that purpose 
and Mr. Evers for the rest near him. And Mr. Evers was appointed to 
goe to Mr. Dray cot t. Sir James Simmons, Mr. Hevenhingham, Mr. 
Peters, was to have received of Gerrard but because he was the priest of 
the house he desired Mr. Evers he might doe it, who said he would. Mr. 
Gaven undertook for severall private gentlemen about Woolverhampton 
some of them asked who must speake to Mr. Howard it was said Mr. 
Broadstreete. Mr. Evers said he would doe it himself e, but for Mr. 
Herbert Aston he was in debt, and therefore he must not be looked on 
as the rest, but Mr. Vavasor said it was for a good chan table use, God 
would blesse his increase, and as the money came in it was to be 
returned into the hands of Mr. Harcott and Mr. Ireland, and hereafter 
order would be given how it must be disposed of and if any doubt did 
arise they should repay to Mr. Bennifeild and he would give satisfaction. 
And at another tyme Mr. Ireland told mee when I came to London he 
would give me instructions and give me order how I should proceed, to 
all which I did seem to be very well content, and did protest I would be 
faithfull while I had life. Mr. Ireland told me that when he came to 
London he would speake to Grobes that I might have notice how things 
went on, for as yett lie could not tell while he had spoke with ray Lord 
Bellasis and my Lord Arundell of Wardour who proved the loyalest men 
of trust and counsell of any persons in this world ; but before I had my 
letter from Mr. Ireland he was taken to Newgate. I saw a letter from Mr. 
Harcott who told Mr. Evers that he had lately received a letter from Mr. 
Warner I think his name was, wherein was that Mr. Warner had used all 
diligent care that could bee for helping forward the worke in hand. And 
there was four hundred pounds in mony in Mr. Ireland's hands which 
came into his hands lately for teaching the young gentlemen, who wisht 
that they might putt it into Shirley's hands with the rest till we should 
have need of it. And that I heard Mr. Peters tell Mr. Evers that 


^ifzHERBE^' ^^^® ^^^ ^^^^y gladd that it fell out soe well that Mr.'Whitebread was 
— come in Superior of the Jesuits for he would be very carefull in 

carrying the businesse on ; and that he was a close man in all his 
businesse, to which I made answer that I was very glad to hear it fell 
out soe well too. And at that tyme both Mr. Evers and Mr. Peters 
said, that my Lord Arundell of Wardour was the only man we had to 
trust too for he was a very wise man and much in favour with the 
Duke of Yorke ; and not long after I had three letters inclosed in a 
letter of mine, from Mr. Bennifeild one and one from Paris and one 
from Mr. Harecott ; that from Mr. Bennifeild was to lett Mr. Evers 
know that he had spoke with my Lord Arundell of Wardour and my 
Lord was very willing to assist in what was requested by Mr. Evers 
and Mr. Vavasor, but these letters never came to his hands besides 
a great many more which I intercepted and burned. And not long 
after I was in discourse with Mr. Evers in his chambers, and was 
Rskein«j him wether some others of note did not countenance the 
Worke besides what he had spoke of, and he told me yes, but they 
Were in other places where the businesse went on as well as here. 
Mr. Evers told mee at this tyme, that he had writt to Mr. Benni- 
feild, and to request my Lord Arundell of Wardour to be assisting in 
the matter which now is in hands. And I asked him what whether 
he was to doe anything of it or noe ; and he told me he was to 
undertake the most part of the designe and with my Lord Bellasis 
to give order, both as to that of takeing the King's life away and the 
Duke of Monmouth's, and for establishing the Romish government. 
And about the middle of September last, a letter came to my hands of 
Mr. Evers, for hia letters were directed to mee, which 1 opened and 
the words were to this purpose, that he had been with my Lord 
Arundell, and my Lord Arundell had told him that he had spoke to the 
person that he was requested to speake to, and it was both their 
opinions that it was the best way to make as much speed in their 
designes as might bee, the person's names which sent the letters I know 
not, for their was but two letters for his name which was J . W. And 
at first when this businesse began, it was not for takeing the life of the 
Kinge away, but to provide themselves with money and armes against 
the King died, for it was thought the Duke of Monmouth would stand 
for it, and their hopes would be frustrated for ever haveing the Romish 
feligion established. But they seeing it was the endeavour of the 
King to establish the Protestant religion soe firme as it should not be 
moved for the future, it was by degrees thought that this way that is 
now discovered was the fittest way. I chanced to come into Mr. Evers 
chambers and hee being gone to masse I found a letter on his table 
whose subscription was Bazill FitsHerbert, which was directed to Mr. 
Evers, wherein was written that he gave Mr. Evers many thanks for his 
great care and diligence in the great worke, which was soemuch for the 
setting forth the glory of Almighty God, and further told him that hee 
had spoke wilh his brother Gifford of Chillington, who promised 
together with himselfe to venture both lives and estates in that good 
cause, and that Mr. Evers would be sure to sweare all those within his 
precincts to secrecy whom he did intrust, that they should not so much 
as tell one another till just the tyme, and that very speedily he would 
goe to St. Omers and see what forw«ardnesse things were in there, and 
if he had gone on prosperously he should have speedy notice for putting 
the rest of the things in order there, and that he would be pleased to 
speake with Mr. Broadstreete or send Mr. Dugdale with a letter to him 
that he would meete him in London, as I think it was in July last, and 
that ] myselfe was to have an equall share with Captaine Adderley, who 


was a man intrusted to keepo things in order after the most of the MSS. op Sir "w. 
bnsinesse should be over, but what parte it should be could not be known f^tzhbbbbbt., 
till after this was over, for it must be cheefelej determined by my Lord ^—^ 

Arundell and some other persons, but it should be such a share as should 
make me happy and my posterity after mee. All which I excepted of 
with abundance of thankfuUnesse. When this was promised there was in 
company Mr. Evers, Mr. Gaven, Mr. Peters, and Mr. Levison, which all 
promised to see it fuUfilled." 

Further Depositions by Mr. Dugdale. 

1678-9, January 17. — " 1. That in summer at a race which was to be 
run at Iching hill I mett with one Mr. Humphrey Elliotts, I think his 
name is, I am sure his name is Elliotts, and meeting at Rudgely at 
the house of one Mr. John Polletts which keepes a publiqe house, he 
and I after some discourse of the race did fall into discourse of Mr, 
Ireland, told me there had been some discourse of mee when his cousin 
Ireland was at Wolverhampton, and I pressed of him that I might know 
what it was and he told me it was not unknown to mee for his cousin 
Ireland said you was to goe very speedily to London upon an occasion 
hat would cause him upp very speedily, but before he the said Elliott 
went he had some 1)usinesse to doe in the country, which he himsolfe 
could not well do without Mr. Perrey the lawyer, but I waa something 
startled to heare he should know any of it, and deuyed I knew anything 
of it, and upon that he comended me for my care, and further told me I 
need not feare him, for if I suffered he was like to suffer as well as I. 

2. Hee further told me that his cousin Ireland should have been at 
London a great while since but for waiting to see the foot race over, for 
there was some gentlemen which he was to speake would be there, but 
before that foot match was over he came from Wolverhampton to Tixall 
and told me he could not stay the race, for he had received 3 letters 
which chidd him that he had made so long a slay, who the letters came 
from he did not tell mee, but only his sister for one and she he told me 
was very angry, but told me that my Lord Stafford would stay and that 
he would leave his mind with him, and to take care for my coming upp, 
and begged of me whatsoever I did not to impart my mind to any person 
except my Lord Stafford or Mr. Evers or whom they should appoint me 
to speake to of it, and I should sec in a short tyme the darke clouds 
would be over, and the cleare light would appeare, and bid me not to be 
afraid for my Lord Stafford, and Mr. Evers would take care of me till he 
saw me into towne. 

3. Besides for the carrying on the worke in other countryes there 
was for a parte of Worster there appointed one Mr. Turner, and three 
more wliose names I have forgotf, and for a parte of Derbyshire and a 
parte of Nottinghamshire was appointed one other Mr. Turner, Mr. 
Bennett, and Mr. Poole of Spinkhill, which was to take care of their 
liberties as well for engaging persons as for raising money of the 
gentlemen, and to give accompt to their Provincials which was 
appointed already for that purpose. Mr. Evers and Mr. Peters told me 
this but beside that Mr. Poole told me himselfe of it at Sutton in 
Scarsdale, but he told me theu that he did believe that Mr. Turner was 
not a fitt man to be imployed in that worke for although he was a priest 
he was veiy much given to drink, and when drink is in the head the witt 
IS out as he said, so it was thought more fitt in his stead to t.nke in Mr. 
Ayreps priest of Hassop, and wished I would acquaint Mr. Evers with 
it, presently Mr. Evers went over thither but what he did conclude I 
know not, for I did not aske. 


MSS. ov Sifi w. Farther there was oft mentioned one Mr. Eichard Needham, a Dr. of 
FiTZHEKBERT. Physick, ^hich lives at West Hallum, 4 miles from Derby, who was to 
receive orders from Mr. Poole and Mr. Bennett, and be at their command, 
and his sonne, and once I was sent to Mr. Needham with a letter, the 
contents of which was to desire he would be at West Hallum on a day 
which I have forgott, and that both Mr. Powderhill might be acquaint^ 
likewise and the priest which was there. I saw him then and have 
severall tymes heard his name, but at present have forgott it, and when I 
came there Mr. Needham and I discoursed very freely of it, and he as 
well as my selfe was very forward for the promoting the work on, and 
further told me, that he had been out about that businesse since he 
rested above 200 miles, for although his sonne was a good Christian 
enough, yet that was not a thing to be trusted to every one, and at that 
time I told him he might assuredly expect a good reward, and he told 
me, he did not know, he putt it to the gentlemen whether they would 
give anything or nothing, he thought his paines well bestowed in soe 
good a work, that it should fall out in his dayes, that it might be spoke 
of in after ages, that honest Dick Needham was a promoter and one 
intrusted for the establishing of the Romish religion, and the subver- 
vision of the heretical government, to which I answered with a 
plausible assent, and I further added that I did believe Mr. Evers to be 
a saint upon earth he answered me he did believe he was a very good 
man and one that made it his businesse for promotion of God's holy 

4. That I have severall times been told by Mr. Evers and Mr. Gavon 
about providing armes, but never heard that any was provided in 
England, nor any gentlemen that had any in keeping, but severall tymes 
that there was provision made beyond seas and that Mr. Evers and Mr. 
Gotten went beyond sea for that purpose, and that Mr. Evers told me 
severall tymes what good provision was made, and I intercepted severall 
letters that came to Mr. Evers from St. Omers and Paris, that they were 
in good forwardness and that they had disbursed sometymes £500, and 
some accompts, and the particulars named was £700, in some of which 
letters was pressed to Mr. Evers about returne of moneys, for the 
discharging those accounts, upon which I have seene letters of Groves, 
and letters to Mr. Ireland, Mr. Bennifield, and Harecott, for the sending 
moneys over to those persons, and further that the said Mr. Ireland and 
Vavasor differed in accompts about the same last time Ireland was in 
the country, and the said Mr. Evers sided with Mr. Ireland about those 
accompts, so that Mr. Ireland received the full summe of his accompts, 
and about July last a packquett came directed to me from Mr. Evers 
which came to 2s. 6d. which I opened, and they were accompts how 
that all things was ready which was bespoke, and all payd off, and there 
wanted nothing but orders how they must be disposed of, but how it 
was ordered I never knew, and that when I have been in businesse 
with them, it hath oft been given out that the King of France did 
know of this and would be aiding and assisting in this designe, which I 
was ever against, for I told them I was afraid he would rather worke for 
his own advantage then any good for us, and they would have told me 
that we need not feare we was able of ourselves with good care to putt 
those fears out of doors, and answer was made, there was in England 
above 200 thousand men which would prove true if occasion were with 
some supplyes which we were sure of from other parts." 

\_Copy, Endorsed.] — "Given in to the Lords of the Committee 
and then read before him, and they were also read before his Majesty 
in Council in the afternoon." 


Information of Stephen Dugdale. mss. ^*p V^ 

1678-9, January 11 — 22. — " He sayth that upon notice of Ibe murder '~ 

of Sir Edmondbury Godfrey he much blamed to Mr. Evers the indis- 
cretion of that businesses as a thing that might help to discover their 
designe, but Mr. Evers told him it could not doe much hurt, for he 
being a man much given to punish debauchery, it would easily be 
thought that some of them had done it. 

1678 [9], January 13. — " Mr. Dugdale being called in they knew each 
other, and when Mi\ Dugdale put Parsous in mind that he and Mr. Fox 
had taken their leaves of him att the stable door at Tixhall, he sayd it 
was very true though he had forgott before, but would have acknow- 
ledged it if it had come into his mind. Parsons being withdrawne says 
he knew not whether he be a Jesuite, but that he is a priest for att 
Tixhall he heard him [say masse and was att Tixhall according to the 
tyme he himselfe declares. Dugdale afids that when Ireland came to 
Tixall in August he told him of his haveing been att Standon, and 
spoke of his acquaintance with Mr. Parsons, and how the examinaut att 
his coming up should sometimes be with Parsons at Standon, and to 
take instructions from him while there, and sometymes Mr. Harcoat and 
Ireland here in towne, and then to take his instruction from these about 
his designe of killing the knight ; is ordered that Parsons be sent to tlie 
Gatehouse as by the following warrant : — " 

1678 [9], January 20. — " Dugdale is sent for and examined. He 
spei^lies particularly of the hideing certain letters in a wallett with 
money. He knowes that Mr. Forster was acquainted with Ireland, and 
that one Father Arthur an Irish priest being sent for over by Benningfeild 
and Harcoate came downe to Tixall and had been att Mr. Fov/ler's. And 
this Arthur spoke much of the French King. He alsoe remembered 
that one Rider a joyner came to Tixall, and commending of the murder 
of Sir Edmondsbury Godfrey sayd that he and one Tunks a shoemaker 
in the Strand should have been concerned, and that one Conniers was 
concerned in it. He alsoe spake of a letter writt, as he thinks, by 
one Roper in the Tower which came to Sir James Symonds in Stafford- 
shire that gave them much content." 
1678-[9], January 20. 

Notice being given to his Majestic that the Lord Aston did attend 
according to his summons Dugdale was first called for, who j^ave aa 
accompt of a clossett where he hid the wallett in which was money 
and some dangerous papers, whereupon there is read to his Majesty the 
accompt sent by Mr. Lane and Mr. Vernon to the Duke of Monmouth 
how that the clossett was rifeld, the wallett, papers, bookes, and all 
things there taken away. And upon reading alsoe the examination 
sent up of the two maids what they sayd gave extraordinary credit to 
Dugdale's evidence, not only affirming all he sayd, but somewhat more 
touching two books of accounts which Dugdale then sayd had noe 
reason in them, and should not be burnt as the letters were, and they 
agreed just in the tyme with Dugdale viz. the 19th of JNovember. 
Upon this his Majesty gives order for a new inquiry to be made about 
the rifling this clossett, and Dugdale being asked by his Majesty what 
he was to doe, and by whom councelled in this designe lie answered 
directly that he was to be instrumental! to kill the King and was coun- 
celled and animated therein by Mr. Ireland, Mr. Evers, and the Lord 

" He made mention of somebody in whose bookes here in towne it 
would appear that he was a man trusted by the Jesuits, of which and 


MSS. OP Sir w. what he sayd about Mr. Whitby of Great Hoy wood and John Taylour, 
FiTZHBBBBBT. jjg is to put it downc in writing and he was interrogated in severall 
points which he had spoken to before. And that part was read againe 
in his examination of the 8th instant about discourse in the Lcng 
Parlour att Tixall between the Lord Stafford and the Lord Aston about 
the difficulty of trusting persons and the good opinion the Lord Stafford 
had of the Lord Arundell. After which he with'draws and the Lord 
Aston is called in and upon his examination which shall hereafter folio w, 
he is sent to the Tower." 

1678-9, January 22. 

" Mr. Dugdale is called in and a paper by him this day presented is 
read, and he further says that he carryed a letter from Evers to Sir 
James Symonds desiring him to pay the money he had promised, 
Mr. Evers being then called upon by Ireland, Harcot, and Beningfeild 
for the collections to be carryed abroad by Sir John Warner for the 
purchaseing of armes. 

That Mr. Evers was to receive somebody and the rest to goe by 
returne, that Sir James is younger brother to Symonds an active Jesuit. 
That Carrington and Tarbox were two messengers employed in carrying 
of letters. That Francis Titter is priest to* Mr. Fowler and cannot be 
ignorant of this plott. Mr. Dugdale is ordered to give an account in 
writing about a great meeting at Boscobell in August last. 

He says that Arthur the Irish priest dined with the Lord Stafford 
at Tixall, and that Arthur told him and Evers of Whisle Bourn and 
severall others engaged in the businesse of Ireland, about which tjie 
Lords appoint Sir Robert Southwell to take a particular accompt and to 
send it to the Duke of Ormond in Ireland." 

Information of S. Dugdale. 

1678-9, January 23. — " About August or the beginning of September 
last there there was a greate meeteing of the Jesuites and Secular Priests 
at Boscobell, besides other private gentlemen that was to be there, and 
I myselfe promised to be there alsoe. At that meeting there was 
accounts to be sett right betwixt Mr. Ireland and Mr. Vavasor about 
money which he had laid downe for carrying on this greate worke, and 
other things which was betwixt them, but the chiefe cause of our meeting 
was to consult and consider wayes and meaines for the carrying on the 
worke which both Mr. Peter and Mr. Vavasor tould me, and against 
this meeting promised a fat buck, but was deceived and soe was forced 
to send to Mr. Chetwind of Angestry to borrow a peece in Mr. Francis 
Aston's name and there was none hue halfe a haunch, and it was just 
laid to the fire, but Mr. Chetwinde caused it to be taken up and sent it, 
and that venison was eaten at that meeting and I haveing promised to 
be there had much ado to keepe myselfe from goeing, but I told them 
that I had appointed busines amongst the tennants, and could not goo 
if they would give ms 1000/. and soe I came off, but they were very 

There was another contrivance which I was guilty on myselfe as 
much as any, but it was with their advice, that packet to Bennefeild was 
one thing to keep the King from beleeving anything, that there was any 
plott but a forgery, which was very much rejoyced at when wee saw 
what effect it wrought with the King, for presently upon it the King as I 
thinke went to Newmarket and said wee if the King beleeved anything 
of it he would not have gon. 

Another thing that as I said before I was guilty of to write letters and 
seale them which contents was for fireing of townes and meeting at 


certaine places, wbich niislit be a ineanes to kcepe the people from Mss. op Sre 'W 

beleeving anything of a plott, for we thought the wiser sort would ihinke 

if there was anything of a plott those men wliich were the inventors 
would not hare lost soo many letters of such concerne, which did partly 
keepe the people from beleeving as it was intended, but this Avas after 
Mr. Otes confession. 

And that Mr. Evers did sometimes ask the gentlemen till he was 
imployed in this worke of the plott, and then Mr. Towers taught 
them for Mr. Evers had worke enough besides. 

This is the truth 

Stephen Dugdale." 
l^Some shorthand in the margin.'} 

Evidence given in by Stephen Dugdale against Sir James 

Simons &c. 

1678-9, January 24. — " I have seen in a list amongst Mr. Evers' papers 
of gentlemen's names which did pay towards this wished designe, amongst 
which was Sir James Symons £1000, Mr. Hovenhingam £2000, Mr. 
Dracot £3000, Mr. Gerard £500, Mr. Howard £2000, of all which sumes 
was received in part and returned towards the discharging the accounts 
of armes which were provided beyond the seas. And every of the afore- 
said gentlemen was to have a share and offices appointed. But in all 
our meetings it was never agreed what their parts should bee, and the 
notedst ^ntleman of all these was ever Sir James Simons, being as they 
said a very active person and one that would be found a well qualifyed 
person, but as far as I ever understood their places was to bee appointed 
here in London by some of those great ones whom I have formerly 
mentioned. But there are several persons' names besides those I have 
named in that same list. And there are other persons which entered 
their names beyond seas, for this note was but only for Mr. Evers' 
private use. And to that end Mr. Evers and Mr. Coten were sent to 
St. Omers about 2 or 3 years agoe, for the sake of other persons which 
were very fearfuU. And some others paid their money to Mr. Benni- 
field, Mr. Ireland, and Mr. Harcott, and Mr. Evers hath been appointed 
to receive acquittances for them which acquittances I have seen come 
in Mr. Evers' letters. One to Sir James Simons at one time was for 
£300 which was noted in the acquittance for a charitable use, but it 
was for the carrying on this wicked designe, or Mr. Evers told me not 
true. Most of the persons about Woolverhampton Mr. Gaven took care 
to receive of and discharge them. I asked Mr. Peters how the rest 
must bee had, for these gentlemen when they were altogether would bee 
but a few ; he answered mee, I need not fear, there was care taken for 
that, and such care that at one hour's warning they would bee ready, but 
as he said they had formerly been told that none except the gentlemen 
were see much as to tell one another till the very time, of which I 
never inquired after that time, but I percoived that a great number wa*j 
knowing by their fear, when I was taken, and several desiring mee, 
when I was at Stafford privately that if I knew anything of them not to 
mention their names which I faithfully promised I would not. And I 
must ever bee of. this mind, that never anything could be better managed 
than this was by the priests, and soe it would have bin found if Mr. 
Otes had not declared it, which God forbid but he had. For I am sure 
but thinking of the sad effects hath almost made rtie distracted. As 
alsoe to hear their wicked designes and doctrines day ley. And to 
prevent melancholy I did several times either run myself e into company 

E 64159. I 


MSS.OF Sirw. to drink or some manner of lewd idle discourse, of which there are 

FiTZHEBBEET. ^^^nj to witncss, and that I never was addicted to it before this wofuU 

engagement in this most horrid and wicked designe. And from ever 

having or consenting to such again, God of his mercy protect mee, as I 

hope he will, and all Christians from the yery name of it." 

[ Copij.] 

1678-9, January 31.— " The Information of Stephen Dugdale late of 
Tixall in the County of Stafford taken upon oath before the Right 
Honble. the Lords of the Committee of Examinations this 31st day of 
January 1678-9. 

" The Informant saith that about Michelmas last an Irish priest whose 
name was Arthur came to the house of the Lord Aston at Tixall and 
dined there. That after dinner Mr. Evens, the Jesuit of the house, 
Mr. Arthur and himselle went into Mr. Evers' chamber where Mr. 
Arthur declared that by command which hee had from Mr. Bennifeild 
and Mr. Harcote, hee came from Ireland to Lon<lon, and he said hee 
found things in a pretty good condition but not soe well as hee could 
have wished ; his reason this informant heard not, because hee was then 
gone down for a bottle of wine, but when he came up again Mr. Arthur 
being in discourse with Mr. Evers did make a sudden stop, but 
Mr. Evers told him hee need not fear for Stephen was a very honest man, 
and after a while Mr. Evers told him this informant that the gentle- 
man was one intrusted for carrying on the' business in Ireland, as well 
as wee did it here in England. To which hee the said Arthur answered 
that hee hoped it would appear in a short time which of the two nations 
would be found the best Christians, meaning Ireland would bee found 
truest in that designe, for the English would be false. But hee farther 
said they in Ireland had a good assurance from France of a reasonable 
supply both of men and money, whicli hee said hee hoped Almighty 
God would assist them with all in regard they lived like poor slaves 
nnder a merciless government. That in discourse concerning the good 
hopes of success in Ireland the said Arthur mentioned at least twenty 
names of Priests and Jesuits that were active and imployed in the 
carrying on of the business, among which the informant remembers one 
Mr. White because hee had been two or three times at Tixal some years 
agoe, and when the informant} asked if it were the same Mr. White 
they spoke of that had been there both Evers and Arthur told him it 
was, and the informant being asked what other names hee doth 
remember of those that were mentioned, iiee saith that to the best of his 
remembrance, French and Byrne were two. And that this Arthur was 
toward fifty years of age, indifferent tall and slender, of a long visage, 
and brown complexion." 

1678-9, February 12.— "The Information of Stephen Dugdale late of 
Tixhall in the County of Stafford taken upon oath before the Lords of 
the Committee of Examinations the 12th day of February 1678-9. 

**The Informant saith that about the month of July or August 1677, 
soon after he was by Mr. Evers admitted into the secret of the designe 
for the Romish government, there came to Tixall one Carrington, whom 
the Jesuits thereabouts employed as a messenger of trust in their 
businesse ; he brought a letter to Mr. Evers from Mr. Vavasor who was 
then at Woolverhampton or Boscobell. And meeting the informant in 
the hall desired him to give it to Mr. Evers. The letter from Mr. 
Vavasor did inclose in it sevendl others, as one from John Grove in 
London who in a part of the sheet of pay writ some news in short but 
. . . . his signeing Mr. William Harcot began a long accompt how 


he lately had received the two inclosed letters one of them from M88. o» Bn V, 

St. Omers which was signed by Monfbrt, )rVarner, and i*eters, as the ^'t*^J^"*»- 

informant thinkes, and four whose names be remembers not all, and this 

letter did refer re to another letter from Paris to the three parties first 

named. And the same was signed from Paris by two names whereof 

he thinkes Clifford was one, but ho cannot swear that this letter did 

<;ontain the opinion and advice of those att Paris upon a letter which 

it seemes had been first writ from England to St. Omers and from 

St. Omers transmitted to them. The scope of which advise was this, 

that by all meanes care should be taken not to let armes appear or any 

appear in armes till after the death of the King, because they had fully 

considered that when any sudden death should befall the King it might 

be easily be layd to the Presbiterians who had killed the late King and 

were still enemy s to the King and government. Therefore they advised 

that all ways should be taken to give out and possesse the people before- 

iiand, that the Presbyterians wei*e the only enemys, soe that when the 

King should be killed tliose of the Church of England would presently 

be incensed and take up armes to revenge it, and rather crave the aide 

of the Catholiques then be afraid of them, and therefore it was fit they 

■hould be inreadinesse to make the first allarm,and give out that all was 

done by the Presbyterians. And then- by a little assistance from abrode 

the worke would easily be compassed. This was the substance of the 

letter from Paris, and they did further desire to have the same sent 

into England with the opinion of those of St. Omers upon it, and those 

of St. Omers did in their letter much praise the advise from Paris, 

adding nothing else of their owne to it besides comendations, but passed ^ 

onto other of smaller concernes, as that Mr. Evers should call to oae 

Gerard of Lancashire and Gerard of Hilderson for 50/. due for teaching 

of their children or relations then and such like things. 

Mr. Harcourt further added that his letters from St. Omers being 
directed unto him he had communicjited it as nlsoe that from Paris unto 
Mr. Bedingfeild, and iMr. Ireland, and likewise to the Lord Arundell, 
Lord Bellasis, Lord Stafibrd, and six or seven more, whom the informant 
hath forgott, by all whom it was highly comended as jrood advise and 
that all should endeavour upon any ditferences in Parliament or any 
other disorder still to give out that it was those blood sucking King 
selling Presbyterians that were the authors of it. 

" The Informant further say th that Mr. Evers did show him the sayd 
three letters sent from Mr. Harcott and then soon after the same day sent 
them by the same messenger to Carington under a cover to Mrs. Here- 
ningham at Aston to be shown to her husband, and to Sir Jeames Simons 
their son in law, and to come back at night with the same letters, as he 
did. For that the informant did see Evers show them to the present 
Lord Aston in the parlour after supper his Lordship having been abroad 
before, and he beleiving them to be the same letters he had seen in the 
morning, for the messenger was then come back and two of the letters 
lay by on the table, and the third they were reading by the fire, and he 
does verily believe they were the same hands and the same letters, and 
the messenger was there detained all night, and made much of by the 
informant according to order, and in the morning Mr. Evers sent him 
back with an answer to Mr. Vavasor, but Mr. Evers kept still the letters 
from Mr. Harcot. And the informant did afterwards hear Mr. Evers 
and Mr. Gaven discourse together touching the said letters and in 
comendation of the good advice. And they named severall friends in 
their discourse that were enu^aged at Paris whom he remembers not. 

" And the informant further saith, that coming once into the chamber 
of Mr. Evers when he was gone up to masse he found one of those 

I 2 


MSS. OF SrE w. letters namely that from Paris, and had curiosity to read it againe^ and. 
FiMHBRBBRT. g^j^, j^g ioo]s. it with him, and hearing how angry Mr. Evers waa ilpoU 
missing of it with the \voman who cleaned the room, as if she had swept 
it into the fire on the like, he forbore to returne it back. But that this 
was one of the letters which were sealed up in his wallett that was hid 
in the closett of Mr. Evers when he ran away from Tixall about the 
19th of November. 

" And he further saytb^ that Mr. Evers did tell him the letters from 
St. Omars were brought by a particular gentleman into England, and 
from London to Mr. Vavasor by some freind, which the informant does 
the rather beleive for that he tooke notice there was noe postmark upon 
the said letters to Mr. Vavasor. 

This is the truth 

Stephen Dugdale.'^ 

1678-9, February 2h-— " The Information of Stephen Dugdale late of 
Tixall in the county of Stafford taken before his Majestie in Councilt 
this 21 day of February 1678-9. 

" The informant saith he is acquainted with one George Hobson now 
in the goale of Stafford as being accused by the informant. That the 
said George Hobson came the last summer, to live with the Lord Aston 
as his gentleman to waite on him, liaving in the same quality served the 
Lord Stafford, by whom he was recommended and with whom or some 
of his sonns cr near relations he had (as Hobson told him) lived for 
about fifteene yeares. 

" He further told the informant that he had been at Rome waiting on 
some of the said Lord's sons and with the present Cardinall of Norfolke. 
That he had at his leisure studied some parte of the mathematicks and 
particularly that of astrologie and that Lilly had instructed him. And 
the informant alsoe having been taught by a mathematician to survey 
land did likewise endeavour to learne something in astrologie, soe that 
the said Hobson and the informant did sometimes discourse and comu- 
nicate concerning such things, and they grew soe intimate that when 
the said Hobson did perceive how much confidence Mr. Evers placed in 
the informant, and that he was alsoe called into private discourse by 
the Lord Stafford ; or whether it were that the Lord Stafford or Mr. 
Evers had told Hobson that the informant was ingaged, but he the said 
Hobson did enter into free comunication with him concerning the plott. 
telling him that he had for seaven yeares past knowne of the designe for 
reformation of the government to tlie Komish reh'gion, and that he 
ever thought and said, that disturbance in Scotland and Ireland would 
best helpe to bring this matter about, and that it would not availo to 
take off the King, unlesse the Duke of Monmouth were alsoe disposed 
of. And among the severall discourses which the informant can call to 
mind, he does remember the said Hobson told him, that from a certain 
old booke of prophecies which was at the Lord Stafford's house, they 
had greate hopes and encouragement for their proceeding, and it points 
out this reformation of the government though it were very hard to be 
understood. But he plainly said that if this undertaking did not succeed 
they must never expect the like opportunity again for the establishment 
of the Catholick Religion but still be governed by hereticks, which 
might plainly appeare by the King's doeing every thing for them to 
make that sure. 

" Hee further saith that when once he did in discourse tell the said 
Hobson it would cost the Pope no small summe to bring this designe 
about, and how would the Pope spare so much, as having warrs and busi- 
nesse of his owne like other Princes, Hobson replyed that he had taken 


& go6S acoompt of things when he was at Rome, and that the Pope's MSS. op Sir w, 
revenue was £24,000 a day; of which the Informant afterwards makeing i^zraBBBBT. 
som mention to Mr. John Sandbich a cousin to the Lord Aston, and to 
Mr. PhilHpp the minister as they were drinking a bottle of ale in the 
house of Walter Eld, Hobson came to heare of ii and chid the informant 
for speakeing of the said revenue. 

*' Hee further saith that, as he was one tyme sitting by the kitchen fire, 
the said Hobson came and whispered to him that he and another person 
had calculated the King's nativity, and that severall things fell out right, 
in fact according to their calculations, but before he ended the discourse 
or came to say what was the upshott of thai calculation, they were 
interrupted by other company. , 

" Hee further saith that upon notice received that Otes had discovered 
the plott, the t>ai(l Hobson fell into a deep melancholy, soe as to keepe 
his chamber for two or three dayes, and sending for the informant he 
did among other discourses lamenting this misfortune propose that they 
might erect a scheme for tryall wether Oten had really discovered or 
noe, accordingly he drew the scheme and by both our judgements there- 
upon, it did appear to us that Otes. had made discovery. Whereupon 
he fell to blame and condemne the heads engaged in the designe that 
they should ever trust such a fellow as Otes was, and that if something 
were not done to prevent it this discovery of Otes would make all their 
future expectation impossible. 

'^ The informant further saith that upon his examination on the 24th of 
December last the said Hobson was apprehended and examined before the 
Justices, and ordered to be sent the gaole at Stafford; but the Constable 
beine^ the Lord Aston's tennant, did first permitt him for one night 
to lye at Tixall, where being in the kitchen and speakeing of what the 
informant had confest, he said aloud in the hearing of many and fetching 
a sigh, I'll warrant that my Lord Stafford's busine-se is done. This 
informant hath been told by Elizabeth Eld who haid she herselfe and 
Mr. Phillipps the minister of the parish, and the cook were then present." 


1678-9. February 21.-—" The information of Stephen Dugdale late of 
Tixall in the county of Stafford taken before his Majestie in councell 
the 21st of February 1678-9. 

The Informant saith in addition to what he hath already spoke con- 
corning the Lord Stafford that about the same tyme (viz.) in September 
last the said Lord did in the great parlour at Tixall discourse to Mr. 
Evers and tiie informant the reason of his dissatisfaction against his 
Majestie, towards whom hee had long carried himselfe with all sorte of 
loyalty as he had towards his father, but that he and otliers had thereby 
had their families ruined. And in particular, that the old Lord Aston 
had been a great sufferer, and his father the Ambassador had spent 
thirty thousand pounds out of their owne estate, but that there was noe 
hopes of any recompence for he saw plainly as anything fell to bee given 
it was rather disposed of to rebells and traitors and those who had served 
against the King, rather then to those that had been loyall. And there- 
fore those tilings had wrought with him, and were sufficient to change 
his mind towards the King, if there were not the matter of religion in 
question which was a consideration above all others. 

'• His Lordship further took notice how that, at any sessions of Parlia- 
ment when there fell out anything to the prejudice of the Catholicks the 
King was alwayes willing to expose them to the Parliament's mercy both 
in estates and anything else that might befall them. 



M8S. OP Sir W. 1678-9, February 24 .— " The Information of Stephen Duj?dale late c£ 
PiTZHBEBKET. rj,.^jj .^ ^j^^ ^^^^^^^ ^^. g^^flp^^.^^ ^^j^^^ ^^^f^^g j^j^ Majebtic in Councell, 

on the 24th of February 1678-9. 

" The informant saith that he hath before in discourse acquainted the 
Lords of the Committee that while he was in prison at Stafford and 
before hee came to make his confession, there was much discourse spread 
abroade about that hee confesse and discover, upon which report Eliza- 
beth Elde was sent over by the Lord Aston to Mr. Fitter, the priest of 
Mr. Fowler at St Thomas, desireino; him to have a meeting with his 
Lordship in a certainc field called Brancote nere the River side, which 
was done accordingly, and when Fitter came home hee told one of Mr. 
Fowler's daughters what had past, namely, that they discoursing of the 
informant and the danger of his discovering all, the Lord Aston did 
even weepe, and that Fitter did tell his Lordsbipp hee even suspected 
the informant would prove untrue, and that his Lordship had done ill 
that hee did not dispatch him before ever hee went out of his house. 
This discourse the said daughter of Mr. Fowler told the said Elizabeth 
Elde as being a messenger of trust imployed to bespeake the said 
meeting. And the said Elde did come to the informant while hee was 
in prison at Stafford, which is but two miles from Tixall and from whence 
be had some messenger o? other every day, and did relate this whole 
matter unto him. 

" Hee further saith that alter hee hath made his discovery, and that 
thereupon the Justices issued their warrants for the seizure of George 
Hobson and George North (which North is nephew to Pickering) both 
<Ji' them servants in the house of the Lord Aston and that the warrantfl 
were served by Edward Preston the Constable of the place and servant 
to the said Lord. It was reported that the said Lord Aston should 
thereupon say in great passion, that hee was sorry hee had not run the 
informant thorow with his sword before hee went out of his house, the 
report of which words comeing to Mary and Elizabeth Stevenson or to 
one of them, daughters to the then mayor of Stafford, and by one of 
them to the wife of . . erry the informant's gaoler and then telling the 
informant thereof, hee did presently report this story to Joseph Tarboy 
a servant of the said Lord's who came to see him in the prison, bidding' 
him to tell his Lord that hee the informant was sorry his Lordship 
should have had any thoughts to doe him such injury. Whereupon the 
next day after the said Tarboy returned to the informant and in his 
company Preston the Constable who had apprehended Hobson and 
North to testify (as accordingly he was sent by his Lordship) that he 
never heard his Lordship say soe, and that his Lordship did send him 
word and declare that hee never wisht the informant's finger to ake, but 
wish'd him all the happiness hee could imagine, and hoped all would 
doe well and that the informant might come backe to his Lordship's 
service. This past in the presence of the gaoler's wife, who did 
confirme to them what shee had heard as aforesaid. 

" The informant further sayth about the beginning of September last 
Mr. Evers did tell him in great secret that the Lord Aston was to goe 
in October next to St. Omers and probably from thence to Paris. And 
the informant did conclude, from the manner and hints of Mr. Evers' 
discourse, that it was to doe somethinge in relation to the design e for 
Evers, and hee were then speaking of the design e, and liow some out of 
caution would only agree to have their names entered at St. Omers, as 
it had beene before when, about two yeares since, hee and Mr. Cotton 
went over to enter names, and had continued to be done by others since. 
And upon the .... of this discourse Mr. Evers added that when 
xny Lord was gott over, they bhould here more of the businesse. 


" About the middle of September the Tx>rd Aston himself e told the MSS. of Sir ^ 
informant in great secrecy, and whereof nobody was to know, that hee ^^TzraRBEm 
vras intending to goe beyond sea and should want money, and therefore 
that presently all the tennants should know that they must bring in 
their rents by a fortnight after Michaelmas, which was the [time] to 
be fixed unto them, and that if they failed thereof they should be 
warned to leave his land the Ladyday next following, for although 
formerly hee had borne with them, yet that now hee would not. And 
the informant^ gave the same warning accordingly. But the informant 
says that after the news cam*^ that the plott was discovered, hee never 
heard my Lord to spcake to him more of his goeing over." 


1678-9, March 21. — "The Deposition of Steven Dugdale gent. taken 
upon oath the 2ist day of March 1678 before the Earle of Clarendon 
one of Her Majtys. Justices of Peace for the County and Liberty. 

** This deponent saith that for these two years past, all or mo<t letters 
that were sent to Mr. Evers were directed to the deponent and that 
about the 13th or 14th of October last (but of tiie time he is not very 
certain) there came two letters from Harcoate and Bennyfield to the 
said Mr. Evers. In one or l»oth of which letters was expressed that 
this night Sr. Edmundberry Godfrey is dispatched, which when the said 
Evers read to the deponent, the deponent tould the said Evers he 
would be hanged if that did not overthrow the whole buisnesse, which 
made Evers answer noe, it will not be taken to be u.s, for he used to 
punish lewd persons^ and such as used to go to debauched houses, and 
it will be supposed to be some of those that have killed him. And the 
deponent being hereupon further interrogated whether he had not 
formerly tould the Committee of the Councill as well concerning the 
tyme, and of the person or persons who writ the letters, as of the 
discourse which passed between him, and the said Evers thcrupon, 
or whether any member of the said Committee, or the clerk of the 
Councill who then attended them did lell him that it was not materiall 
to make mention of the said time or persons ? The deponent saith 
that he did never mention anything either of the said tyme, or of the 
said persons unto that Committee or to the Clerk of the Councill 
attending th^m, nor was he ever tould by any of them, that to mention 
the said tyme or persons was not materiall. And he does upon his 
oath declare that although he did mention that circumstance to one 
Mr. Charles Chetwin when they discoursed about the murther, yet , 
when he came before the said Committee, it being at a tyme when tie 
brought much other evidence in writing with him, it did not occur to 
him .^, mention more then what is set downe in the entry booke of that 
C iuimittee. He being tlxjn asked as it were by ciiance, what was said 

ajDongst them i pon the said murther And further he thinks 

himself hound lo testifie that it was scai-ce possible to have more care 
taken, than was taken to set downe all things he said with exactnes, and 
without adding or diminishing, for so it was ordered by the Comittee^ 
and so put in practice by Sir Robert Southwell that attended them. 

[Signed] Stephen Dugdale." 

1678-9, March 21. — Another copy of S. Dugdale's deposition and 
but only extending as far as the words " those that killed him." 
[Apparently/ i?i Dugdale's oton hand.] 

[Signed] Clarendon. 

Information of Stephen Dugdale. 

1678-9,March 24. — ** I saw a Letter from Mr. Whitebread directed to 
Mr. Evers but inclosed in Groves's letter to myselfe wherein was that 


MSS. OF Sir W. there was great hopes now that things will goe on well if there be dili- 
riTZHEBBERT. ^^^^ ^^^^ taken in the management of it, which can never be if it be 
communicated to every idle fellow therefore be sure you doe not trust 
any but whome you have made tryall of, for if it should be discovered 
we both ruine our designe and all concerned in it, for those persons 
which are for the purpose, noa matter whether gentlemen or not, so 
they be cunning, desperate, and trusty, which choice made here 1 feare 
not, for there hath beene spetiall care taken that noe oppoitunity might 
be lost, and what persons you think fitt, lett me have your answere 
next weeke ; sonde to Boscobell and there will be a messenger to bring 
them to me. I neede not say much more to you in reguard, you are 
fully acquainted with the business and how it is to be caryed on by 
Mr. Ireland. It hope you put the gentlemen in minde for the getting 
what mony you can. 

" Pray sende me worde by your next how my Lady is. I thinke to be 
for St. Omers next weeke. 

[Signed] Stephen Dugdalk." 

S. Ddgd ale's Information. 

1679, March 25. — " Some tyme before Michaelmas last, my Lord 
Stafford and my Lord Aston, went to Mr. Heningham's of Aston, where 
there was to be severall other gents, as namely Mr. Garrard of Hinder- 
ston, Mr. Peters a priest, Mr. Evers a Jesuite, Mr. Draycott of Peenes- 
low, Mr. Cotton a Jesuite, and Mr. Gaven a Jesuite. The cause of 
which meeting was to confer about my Lords Aston's goeing into 
France, Sir James Symyns being solicited to have gone with him, and 
Mr. Draycott alsoe. My Lord Stafford was to have gon, but by reason 
of his age, and other inabilityes desired that his son might goe in his 
steade which was granted, and by the circumstances which I have for- 
merly mentioned, they were to goe to take order about the disposing of 
the armes provided beyond sea. And about the tyme before mentioned 
Mr. Howard of Hoare Cross came to Tixall to consult with Mr. Evers 
and my Lord Stafford and my Lord Aston about the same business, 
k and for his going over with my Lord. And as I understood severall other 

gents besides those mentioned was to have gon over whose names I 
cannot remember by reason I had only the account from Mr. Peters and 
Mr. Evers and Mr. Gavin. But it is certain they did intend to goe and 
for that purpose. They had provided horses in the cuntry and would 
gett better att Pancridge faire, to take over along with them. And 
that Mr. Gavin att most meetings alwayes with greate courage told 
them that were there ax5tually concerned that the designe now in hand 
was good and well pleasing with God, which he proved by Scripture, 
by Councells and by Examples, as namely one particularly how merito- 
rious the work was, experienced by one that was in the Guupowder 
Plott whose name was Gardiner that there haJ by his reliques 
severall miracles beene wrought. Whose names would ever be famous, 
for that his name was to be entered into the Kalender, and soe should 
all those who were concerned in soe important a business, for the dis- 
troying of heritiques, and esstablishing the Koman Catholique religion 
in England, and that not only Gardnett but alsoe all the rest of his 
coadjutors and had any hand in the concerne and for a certainty of 
this I have beene often told as well by Mr. Fetors as Mr. Gavin that it 
was for noe other ende they went over then for the disposing of the 
armes and the ratifying of orders. My Lord Aston being allways very 
cautious did not openly appeare but held conferences only with priests 
and some certaine gents. 

ISiffned] Stephen Dugdalb." 




1679, March 26.—" Mr. Evers tould me [it was] nbont July '78 the — 

Duke of York had promised that he would accept the crown and that 

he would establish the Romish religion and I saw it writne in a letter 

from Mr. Bedinfield the same, and I ever understood ho would accept 

it as under the Pope. The letter writ by Mr. Evers to Mr. [T]orner 

last somer was that hee might speak to Mr. Perpoint that he might be 

mindfull of his premiss which he maid last year when Mr. Evers was in 

towne, his letter I was by when it was writ, and sent away by Mr. 

Herbert Aston's man which was going to Mr. [T]ha ndlebi gg. 

Stephen Dugdale." 

S. Dugdale's Depositions. 

1679, March 27. — " A Circumstance relating to the letter which came 
from Mr. Harcott directed to me Stephen Dugdale att Tixall but 
intended for Mr. Evers concerning the murder of Sir Edmondbury 
Godfrey which confirms the tyme it came to my hands. 

" It was about a week before a foot match was run in Cheshire betweeno 
Sir John Crew and me, for 1 remember that a weeke before the match 
was run there came to me the foctman that was to run the race with 
Sir John Crew's man, urging me to goe along with him to see him run. 
But I having just before received that letter was soe much troubled in my 
mind about that and other things which discovered the plott and 
followed Sir Edmondbury's death, that I would not goe, Mr. Evers 
telling me further at that time that if the plott should be discovered 
there would be a great persecution. And the said Stephen Dugdale 
says that the sayd match was run 21 Oct. 1678. 

^Signed] Stephen Dugdale. 

And the said Stephen Dugdale on the next morning following the 
receipt of the said letter goeing with one Mr. John Sawbridge and 
Mr. Phillipps to one Wattrells to drinke a bottle of ale, I told them 
that I heard there was a knight killed in London. This was a post 
day or two before I heard he was found, which I suppose they will 

ISignecTl Stephen Dugdale." 

Dugdale's Paper. 

1679, April 14. — " Ever since May '78 it hath been our constant hopes 
that by May '79 all things would bee over and every thing settled in a 
good condition, for it was ever intended that November, December and 
January, '78, would see all the sharpest of the work, and that a 
Protestant should not be alive but what had given very good assurance 
of there zeall to the Church of Home, this was comonly spoake of all last 
summer mongst those which were conserned in the plot, and by others 
too whisperingly, for allthough he knew of something extraordinary 
was in hand I never found he knew anything how it must be afiected, 
but there was care takne by the priests that you should all have notis at 
the very time he were reddy, and armes and everi thing fit for the pur- 
pose. I have sometimes tould Mr. Evers I wonderd what the multitude 
must do for armes for it was imposible to afi*ect anything without good 
store of them ; hee would usually tell me I need not truble myself, for 
their was care takne in all places that nothing should be wanting, which 
I was allways desiring to know, which caused my openicg so many 
letters, but could receve not any further sattisfaction but what I have 
formerly spoak of being provided beyound sayes, and I am certain those 


llfiS. o» Sis w. gentlemen 1 have formerly named must needs know where these armes 
FiTZHBaBBST. jg^ j£ thdf be any in England, for there ware constant meeting of them 
for contriving ways how the work would be best aflfected, for wone part 
was always intended a masacray in all places where it might be best 
affected, and it ^'as belleived it would put such a teror of the rest that 
they ^would rather run then stay, but those was to be served so as 
presbiter, then those that flead there was an armey to cutt them of 
as they went, this was as well to be don in Ireland and Scotland iis 
in England, besides Mr. Evers, Mr. Gavan, Mr. Peter, Mr. Gifford, 
Mr. Luson hath very oft tould me thus, and I pretending my zeall 
in, they would very oft speak cheerfully to me and say, fear not 
Mr. Dugdale you sball in a short time see good times, and that I should be 
a happy man, boatli in this world and the world to come. I do remember 
once my Lord Stafford was by and used the like words." 

Dugdale's Examination. 

1679, Man;h 27. — " In the letter from Harconrt wherein was the 
intelligence of Sir Edmundsbury Godfrey being despatched it was added 
they were frarfull that things would come out more and more, where- 
upon Mr. Evers said if it did there would be very sore persecution.' 

Endorsed " Dugdale's Examination at the Committee of Secrecy.' 

Bedlow's Information. 

1679, March 26.—" Upon Tuesday the 26th of January Mr. Na. Reding 
told me that my Lord of Powis, my Lord Stafford, and my Lord Pett^rs, 
Sir Henry Tichburn, Mr. Rooper, Mr. John Cassell, and Mr. Ratcliffe, 
and Mr. Daniell Arthur, would make an acknowledgment to me worthy 
of so grate a kindnes and the saveing of theire lifes if I would shorten 
my evidence upon thaire tryalls and bring them of thaire charge of 
high treson, and likewise he told me he knew it was not fitting or 
anyway to my advantage to run at the whole head of men, but I 
should gainc my poynt if 2 or 3 did suffer for the plott, and by this 
meens 1 might secure ihe same reward from the Parliment, and another 
from those gentlemen besides, and said he would go to the Lords in the 
Tower who had imployed him, to know more from them how to proceed. 

" Afterwards upon the 14th of February I did meet Mr. Reding at the 
Palsgrave's Head tavern where he told me these Lords and gentlemen 
did not thinke it safe for them to go on farther till they did find what 
and how far the next Parliament would proceed, and if they should be 
brought on their tryalls thay would give him severall writings for setle- 
ments of estates from them to him, in ten days after thair tryalls, if he 
could bring them of from theeir charge, which writing's was to be imme- 
diately drawne, and he to keep them and would be bound to me for them' 
that they should sigue and seale them after thaire tryalls, besides a good 
reward in redy monye. 

. " Munday March the 24th I being in the Spaker's roome with Mr. 
Reding he told me the Lord Tresurer was sent for by the Blake Rod, 
aud now my lord Staford and the rest did believe I could do him and 
them a grate kindnes, and bid him tell me that he had one estate in 
Glostershere that my mother was with him about 18 yeare since to 
take a lese of him, and that there was but 2 yeare to come but the 
present tenant's lease would be out, and that my Lord Staford would 
give me that estate for 21 years without paying any rent to him so I 
would shorten my evidence against him and bring him of ; and that ho 
had orders from my Lord to draw the writeings in order to it. 


" This with many other pasages I have from time to time informed the j£88. o# Sik h 
prince and m j Lord Essex of and other frends." Fitzhibbbbt. 

Examinations, Depositions, Ac. 

1678, Oct. 11.— J. CurzoD l ^ , , 

, „ -J. Boatman (bis) | ^^^"^ « «^^^"^^«- 

„ Dec. 9. — Gratiano. 

„ Dec 21. — E. Everard. 
1679-80, Feb. 7.1 

: Mtch 24.- >^' ^^^-^^--- 

„ April 30. J 

„ March 15. — M. Ball and a letter to Lord Herbert of 19th/ 
1680, April 2.— Th. Marshall. 
„ April 28. — J. Sanders, C. Sands, and Colster. 
„ „ —J. Sanders. 

„ „ — ^D. Colster. 

„ „ — Ch Towneley. 

,, „ — Jo. Byford. 

The Examination of John Curzson, Coachman to Mr. Coleman. 

1678, October 30. — " This examinant saith that he hath lived with 
Mr. Coleman as his coachman neare six years and all that time ordinarily 
hath every week carry ed his Mr. to my Lord Arundel of Wardonr*s 
house in Lincoln Inne fields some times more and sometimes less and 
some times twice in a day when my Lord was in town. And also 
carryed him often to my Lord Powys' house in Queen Street and Vere 
Street. And several times to my Lord Peter's when he was in town. 

" And often to my Lord Bellasse's, and to my Lord Baltamor's ^nd to 
my Lord Castlemayne, and the day before his Master was committed 
he carryed him to my Lord Arundle of Wardour's twice or thrice and 
this examinant saith on the Sunday after dynner the day before his 
Master was committed he carryed his Master to Doctor Short's 
lodgings in the Strand and there took up Doctor Short and they went 
into Chancery Lane to one Mr. Wright a lawyer, and carryed them to 
Mr. Wright's lodgings where they stayed two or three hours, and then 
he carryed his Master to my Lord Arundell of Wardour's where he had 
carryed him in the morning, and then from thence he carrying his 
master homewards in the Strand, one Mr. Cotton a kinsman to his 
Master mett him and stayed the coach and whispered to his master and 
as this examinant believeth acquainted his Mr. that his house was 
searching, and thereupon his master commanded this examinant to turn 
the coach and to drive to my Lord Arudell of Wardour's, which the 
examinant did doe accordingly, and after some stay there the examinant 
carried his master into Lombar Street where this examinant sot his 
Master downe, but where his Master lodged that night this examinant 
knows not, and there was one John Tother who there wayted upon his 
master as a footman and this examinant saith he often carryed his 
master to St. James and sometimes to or three times in a week . . . 

and believes he went to Mr. Langhorne's house 

and sometimes to the Myle house to . . . house which may be 
Mr. Saunder's, and more he saith not. The mark of John Curson x . 
Taken before us upon oath this 30th day of October 1678. 

Edmund W. Wyndham. 

Thos. Stringer. Will. Glascock." 

P. Howard. 


^iTzHBRBBiS!* ^^^ Examination of Jeromey Boateman, servaat to Mr. Coleman. 

* " This examinant saith he hath served Mr. Coleman above five years 

last past in the quality of a cleark and servant in his chamber and is 
by his birth a Wallowne neare Mons in Hennort [Hainaut]. That 
this examinant did transcribe his master's letters by his order and did 
communicate such of them as his Mr. gave him leave to his particular 
Iriends for this examinant's private advantage. 

'* The copy of the original of which letters were all entered into a book 
by his Mr. own hand or by this examinantt, which books were taken by' 
those that apprehended his Mr. as he beleeves, but there was a book that 
was filled up with letters which was not taken as this examinant be- 
leeveth but what his master hath done with the said book this examinant 
knows not. This examinant further saith that his Mr. to the time of 
his commitment and two posts afterwards did instantly and several! 
pacquetts of letters from foreign parts. 

" This examinant saith that the night before his master was taken 
his master did lye at his mother's house or lodgings Aldermonbury, who 
lives with Mr. Mitten her son in law as he beleeves. 

" That he heard nothing of his master being questioned till the Sunday 
night before he was apprehended. This examinant saith he doth not re- 
member that his roaster lay abroad any one night but the night before he 
was taken all the time he lived with his master, and this examinant hath 
served my Lord Arundell of Wardour, my Lord Powys, my Lord Bel- 
lassis, and my Lord Peters and the Lord Castlemayne, at dynner with 
Mr. Coleman severall times. 

Jerome Boteman. 

Taken before us the 30th day of October 1678. 
Tho. Stringer. 

P. Howard. 
Will. Glascock. C. Harbor. 

Edward W. Wyndham." 

" The two papers endor/ted'] " from Sir Thomas Stringer."] 

[ These three examinations are upon one sheet of paper J] 

The Further Examination of Jeremy Boateman taken this — of 

November 1678. 

" This examinant saith that the copy of the originall letters that were 
sent to this examinant's master were entered into a book ... of his 
master's handwriting and some with this examinant's and the letters 
themselves this examinant beleeves hiu master bound up in bundles, that 
one great book was full of copies of letters and the other was about half 
full, that which was half full this examinant beleeves was taken away 
by those that searched the house. The other book full of copies of 
letters this examinant is informed since this last examination that the 
same was burned by this examinant's master or his command. This 
examinant positively saith that there were two books in which copies 
of letters were entered, and this examinant believeth there was three, 
and this examinant further saith that two or three posts after this 
examinant's master was taken into custody letters came from beyond 
seas directed to his master, some of them this examinant opened 
and left upon a table in his master's house, which this examinant 
beleeves were burned by his master, and another this examinant 
delivered to his master being in custody with Mr. Kutter the messenger, 
and this examinant saitli that he hath been beyond sea four times 
since he came to his master, once he went into Britany to carry a letter 
from the Duchesse of Yorke to Duke Mazerin, and once with his master. 


and another time with his mistress, and then to fetch her home. This mss. oj Sie w 
examinant further saith that he beleeves all his master's letters were ^it^hebbbrt. 
taken by the messenger. 
Taken upon oath 

Jerome "Boteman. 
Thomas Stringer." 

1678, December 9. Bristoll. — " The fnrther information of . . 
Gratiano, taken the ninth day of December 1678. 

^^ Who sayth upon his oath that upon the third day of Aup^ust last past 
Josephus Georgenie a GrsDcian Bishopp as hee styles himselfe being 
then in this citty did in his discourse say unto this deponent that 
hee did not question but that the Duke of Yorke would be King of 
England in a short tyme and that then he the said Georgeruie should 
be preferred to a Bishoppricke under him in [th]is Kingdom. 

DoBONico [GraJtianb. 

John Lloyd, Mayor, 

John Lawford, Ralph OUiffe. 

Tho. Stevens." 

E. Everard's Information. 

1678, December 21. — " The information of the plott was five yeares 
since made by me, but was supprest, and was again given into the Com- 
mittee of the Lords sitting in Parliament at Westminster on the 21th 
of December 1678 by me Edmond Everrard. 

" Whilst I was employed as agent at the French Court for the English 
Militia's concernes, one of the officers (now Sir John Fenwick) 
brought me first to the acquaintance of my Lady Anne Gordon (sister 
to the now Marques of Huntley in Scotland) ; she after about a yeares 
frequentation communicated unto me certaine important secretts con- 
cerning a Popish plott against England. 

" Shee is a lady of a vast correspondency amongst the Clergy and 
Nobility almost through all Europe, liveing ordinarily as a free person 
in nuneries, and was then in a Convent in Paris. Att a time I sur- 
prised her with two of the cheife Scotch Seminarists at Paris in a deep 
darke discourse of the English afiaires, and as soon as my Lady made 
them understand I was one of her privatest freinds and catholiquely 
affected, (it being fitt shee should so imagin for that time) they then 
began to speak plaine enough to lett me perceive that the discourse 
tended to some sudden design for the subversion of the English governe- 
ment and Governour and the setting up Popery here in England. 

" But on some day of the month of Nov: 1673 I enquired of my Lady 
what those misterious discourses meaned shee had with the Scotch 
Preists ; shee after long importunities and protestations revealed unto 
me that which followes. 

(The charge against the Lady Huntley.) 
1st. That there was now a grand designe on footo in England for 

the settleing of the Catholique faith there publiquely. 
2dly. That there was also a project against the Parliament that 
made such a stir (as shee spoke) and was their main obstacle, either 
totally to dissolve it or to sow some division betwixt the King and 
it, where his majestie also should find potent adversaries of the 
Romish nobility who would cut out work for him. 
3rdly. That there was a very considerable party in England who 
laboured to make the Duke of Yorke King. But that the Scotts 
indeed were more for the Duke of Monmouth's being such if meanes 


MSS. ov Sib W. 


The charge 
fcinst the 

could be made to bring him over to it, wherein shee conceived I 
might be an usfull instrument haveing beene imployed under 
him. But said I, what do they meane to do with the King 
him self e ; shee answered : — 
4dlj. That the King of England would be made away and dispatcht 
after his father, so that he would not be in a case to anoy any 
** Then I enquired by what meanes they thought to bring such matters 
about, and who were the leading men in the contrivance and who the 
under agents to carry it on, she said that all that was to much for me 
to knowe at the first time, besides that it was then to late at night, but 
that at my returne, withen 3 dayes (for avoyding of suspition) 1 should 
be fully satisfied, but I insisted that those were grand afiaires whereof 
she spoke, for which consequently shee needed to have more then 
common grounds, shee replied that I ought not to doubt but that she 
had the best corresponding in England, Scotland, and France, as having 
on the one part Madam de Gordon her Aunt (one of the cheife Ladyes 
of the Duchesse of Orleans) who was taken to be of the fittest for 
intelligence and intrigues at the French Court, and on the other side 
that shee received letters almost every weeke from the erainentest 
churchmen on this side and that side of the seas, as also from some of 
the greatest noblemen in England and Scotland, as from her brother 
the Marquess of Huntley, my Lord Oxenford of Scotland, Mr. Maitland 
(somewhat concerned in the secretariship of Scotland) and from the 
Earle of Rothes Chancellor of Scotland ; But shee run out into some of 
his love rommance with her, so that I leave to others to inferr from 
the premisses to which, either to love or to the plott, part or all of this 
his letter, correspondency must be referred ; and to confirme farther the 
credit I must give to her words she drew forth a bag full of letters (a 
matter of a bushell) and showed some more in a cabinet saying, are these 
all about trifles thinke you ? Shee let me see farther a picture in migna- 
ture of the said Chancellor, and went about to read one of his letters 
(of a large and illshaped caracter me thought) but withheld referring 
me to the forementioned three dayes forme. But I at last askt her 
how she could avoyd suspition if so many letters were directed to her 
in her owne name, she told me she had tAken a good course for that 
because her correspondents had severall names for her, and part of her 
letters were directed to Mr. Conne a Scotchman liveing at Paris as 
agent for the Pope, others were adressed to Mr. Dallison her Scotch 
phisitian there, some to Father Joseph Prior of the Engb'sh Benedictines 
at Paris who was her Confessor. 

" Now in the interval, havoing beene before recommended by Dr. 
O'brien, Dr. Molony, priests, and others to Coll: Bichard Talbot and to 
his brother Peter (the pretended Archbishop of Dublin) for a person 
that carried on business after the formallities of the French Court, and 
the Coll : haveing made some tryalls of me, he on a time desired me to 
be assistant to his brother the Bishop (not long since come out of 
England). The Bishop desired I should go complement on his behalfe 
the Marshall Belfount (grand Steward to the French King) and knowe 
when he might be introduct by him to the French King's audience 
about the business whereof he treated with the Marshall himself e, 
while he was in England in or about the yeare 1670, the Marshall 
being then at court (kept at Versailles). The Bishop would have Mr. 
Moore a philosophy professor in Graslin Colledge to accompany us 
iheither next day. Haveing layne that night at Versailles and the 
Bishop striveing to make us all merry on the good Catholiques' account, 
I took the opportunity to enquire whether he thought it not fitt to com- 


municate to roe the heads and grounds of this affaire, whertnii he was MSS. ov Sib W« 
pleased to make me his speaker and introductor at court. Least, said ^'"^^^■■'^ 
he, anj occasion might happen for you to second it, the business that I 
am about to represent is this : 

1. It is a business (said he) which mightily concernes the welfare of 

the Catholiques in England and especially in Ireland. 

2. That he was to propose wayes to the King of France whereby to 

releive them in their present extremities and persecutions and 
te undertake their protection, and some of Lis wayes was to 
arme some Irish and to secure a seaport town in Ireland for the 

3. He said that he had a speciall good warrant and commission for 

this bis negotiation from some of the greatest persons in 

4. That he was to solicit his Christian Majestic for a pension or 

arrears payable to himselfe. The next morning I went to the 

King's riseing to acquaint the MarehaU Belifond that the Arch- 

bishopp Talbot was in towne to waite on his Majestic and him. 

Hee wisht me to introduce him. The Marshall knew him at first 

sight and embrac'd him, and told the King of it, his Majestic 

receiving him with great civility lead him into a private roome 

where Mr. Moore and I following them he beckoned to Mr. 

Moore who had the papers to advance. But I irom the doore 

saw the Bishop present a letter to the King with other papers 

which I think were sealed. I overheard him speak to the King 

in Italien, their conference lasted about halle an houre, and 

though his Majestic be of a morose temper yet he often smiled 

as at propositions that pleased him. 

" But at our coming off from court I enquired of the Bishop of the 

good success of his negotiation, which I told him seemed to be of other 

or more matters then he acquainted me with. No, said he, 'tis but of the 

same matters I spoake to you off last night, whereof he said I should 

knowe more seeing he must come to court againe and againe about it, 

though the King promised all satisfaction possible and hopes of a good 

issue, so not to increase suspition I urged him no farther, but parted 

from hira for that time to Paris. 

** Yett observe that one Mr. Coome a Scotchman who was formerly the 
Pope's Nuntio and there his Agent at Paris had almost every day private 
conferences with both the Talbotts, and waited betwixt, them and the 
Nuncio then being in Paris, and the Talbots and this Coome came also 
often to my Lady Huntley though my Lady had also another pretext to 
see Coome. 

*' The very same night I did communicate all that past in this Peter 
Talbott's negotiation to Sir Robert Welsh, as I had don before that 
other treason of the Lady Huntley's, both fearing least this grand secrett 
might dy with mee, and having many enemies dayly threatening me 
then at Paris, and for that this Sir Robert was a man tiiat still made 
much verball professions of his sufferings, actings and loyalty for the 
King of England,. our naturall prince, in such former discoveries. But 
Sir Robert's true caracter I lound out too late. However he most 
unfaithfully forthwith discovered all to Colbnell Talbot, both that of my 
Lady Huntleye's and the Talbot's business, and that I intended speedily 
to go for England to accuse both him and his brother Peter. The 
Coll : faining to keepe his bed desired to speek with me at his owne 
lodging. The circumstance of the message with the premisses weighed, 
I took one or two along with me to his very antichamber on some pretext 
or other ; he presently frouningly desired to knowe when I intended 


M88. o? SiB^^. for England end when I had eeen Sir Robert Welsh. Bj this I pre- 

* sentlj peroefvHng I was betrayed pretended another occasion of that 

voyage, for which besides I seemed not to be very earnest, if either in 
Paris or with the now Duchess of Yorke (then at Paris) he could 
procure me some fitt employment so as to be her secretary, &c. Att 
first he went about to dissuade me from coming over into England at 
all, then began to threaten me manfully, and that if he heard I did other- 
wise then I said in stealing away for London on such accusations against 
them, and the Catholiques, he would infallably procure that I should 
forthwith be committed to the Tower or to the Gate-house at my 
arrivail in England, which accordingly happened according to his spite- 
full prophecy after or about seven dayes I arrived here at London. 

** So seeing the effect of his threatenings fall out so punctually and not 
doubting but that he with Sir Robert and other their correspondents 
there were the under contrivers of my 4 yeares close imprisonment at 
the Tower, though a very remote surmise was put in by them against 
me for a pretext, therefore I say I was afraid to charge them much and 
but warily whilst I was in prison fearing worse from any friend of 

1st. The aforesaid Sir Robert Welche's evidence may first confirme 
the truth of this my information, for he being now in London can 
witness that I disclosed to him all the said treason about 5 yeares 
since In No. 73. so that it cannot be imagined that this information 
is any new matter fitted for the times against Papists, and if he 
denys it, it may be made out against him by the following and other 
evidences I can bring. 

2. It appears that Sir Robert after my confinement acquainted 
Mr. {Secretary Coventry of the said informations for I have seen 
some of Sir Robert's letters, which I could not but knowe, in the 
secretarie's hands, out of which he examined mee upon the said 
treasonable points in the presence of my Lord of Bathe, Newport, 
and Bellasis .... whence I inferr that the secretary 
must needs have knowne the said matter from Sir Robert and 
consequently that the secretary himselfe may witness that he then, 
now 5 yeares since, was informed of such things to have beene 
past and discovered in France. 

3. And whilst I was in the Tower I began to discover some of these 
matters to Sir John Robinson, but whether it was that he took 
such Popish plottings to be unlikely, or that he took such 
discoveries from me to be a devised starting from the onely point he 
would have mee confess concerning the Duke of Monmouth 
(against whom I neither had nor thinke any can have the least 
occasion of conceiving any mischife), but however it was. Sir John 
made very slight of my information concerning the Huntleyes and 
Talbots, of which I am sure I began to relate unto him att the 
least. But how farr he suffered me to proceede I cannot now tell, 
both for that it is 5 yeares since, and haveing extreame hard usage 
wherewith Sir John did usually alarm e and trouble my thoughts, 
of which neither his Majestic nor the Duke of Monmouth knowe, 
as my Lord Northampton told me since. 

4. And since my releasement of late from the Tower, I yet went 
thither at the beginning of this last sessions of the last Parliament 
to desire Sir John to second me in the receiving of the said 
discoveries, but he at my first speaking rejected my proposalls 
referring me to the Secretary of State ; but I had severall reasons 


to think that he especially or some Parliament man would be more MSS. op Sie W. 
fict introducer for one that was in my circumstances. Fitzhbmebt. 

5. Coll : Justin Macarty now in London and then in Paris can I 
beleive testify the same, that either by Sir Robert Welsh's report, 
or the generall fame he hath then heard, that I did accuse the 
Talbots and Huntely in the said year 1673. 

6. Nay and one Captain Barret now also in town told me a matter of 
3 weeks before this information was given in on the said 21 of 
December to the Lords, that it was generally given out amongst the 
Irish Catholicks in Dublin and here that the Talbotts were above 
a month before committed in Ireland upon my accusing of them 
of these points, wheras since I came into England I never spoke 
of these matters but about three years agoe to the said Sir John 
Robinson, and now of late to the Committee of Lords ; whence it 
may be inferred that the Talbotts or other of their friends privy 
to the matters thus accusing themselves before hand, before I had 
accused them, is an argument that long before these present times 
there were such matters spoken of by me in France, and that it 
came to the knowledge of many Irish ; and the Talbotts them- 
selves foreaccuse themselves in a manner ; and doubtless wliere 
confronted to me they cannot deny it, as my request is they 
might be sent for and brought from Dublin Castle to London ; 
there being other wittnesses of the King's evidence that can accuse 
them as I came to know but a week before I gave this information 
to the Commons now sitting, not knoweing of it att all when I had 
given my charge against them to the Lords on the 21 December. 
And then the Lords promised the Talbotts should be sent for, yet 
they are not yet come though it be 3 months after." 

*' This information was given in writing in the Honble. House of 
Commons sitting in Parliament at Westminster on the four and twentieth 
of March 1679 by 

Edmond Eve[rabd]." 

R, Needham's Confession. 

1678-9, February 7. — ^''I doe confesse that I have been in company 
severall and many times in the company of many Priests particularly 
Mr. Poole, Mr. Turner, Mr. Heaton, Mr. Evers, Mr. Vavasor, Mr. 
Peeters, Mr. Busby, all which are priests, and one lay man one Mr. 
Sherbourne, which persons at times I have been in company of when 
these words have been spoake. That before long they hoped for better 
times, that if things went on right it was expected the King might not 
live long, and then the Duke of Yorke would be King, who had given 
good assurance for the establishing of the Romish religion, but some 
of the company supposing the Duke of Monmouth would stand up for the 
government, and soe it was thought fit that necessaryes might not be 
wanting for carrying on the designe. And I doe confess I have been 
imployed, and uppon this occasion, by the aforenamed gentlemen for 
the carrying and receiving of letters for any thing I know to that 
purpose, and I doe confesse I have been severall times att meetings 
where the discourse hath been tending to the aforesaid, and alsoe about 
Michaelmas last I was with Mr. Busbie the priest lately mentioned, and 
being in discourse of State affaires 1 told the said Mr. Busbie I was 
doubtfull that the expectation of our hoped for designe would not 
prevaile as regard our adversaryes were so powerful, he answered that 
the King shortly would be disposed of and then the Duke of Yorke 
would be set up as King, and doe confesse I have been with Mr. Evers 

E 64159. K 

146 . 

MSS, OF Sir w. severall times and had severall discourses fts tending to the good and 
BiiJgTORBgBT. propagation of our religion, as also I doe remember that sodaynly 
after that discourse which Mr. Busbjr and I had, the plot being then 
discovered Mr. Busbie, one Mr. Sherbourne aforenamed, and one 
Mr. Shippie a priest, fled and they were never seen nor heard of 
since by me, and furthermore if any thing hereafter I should remember 
J shall be willing to give you account off, for my memory being ill and 
many troubles upon me I do not know whether I may be mindfull of 
all at present." 

{Signed) Richard Needham. 
Sworne before the 

Lords of the Committee 
7th Feby. 78. 

Phillip Lloyd." 

Dr. Richard Needham's Paper. 

1678-9, February 1.2. — "Since I was last before your Lordships it 
hath beene my sole meditation (together with the craving pardon of 
God and with the desire to illuminate mee in this so high a worke, 
and withall to doe no person wrong) to give my most gracious 
Soveraigne and your Lordships the best satisfaction which lay in my 
power, my memory decaying, and my senses being tosticated with 
worldly afFaires how to mainlaine my family, and pay the world its due, 
and the businesse being some tyme since perhaps hath taken rae off 
somethings 1 have heard, the tymes and places, to which if I had a 
thousand lives to save by it, and as many souls, I cannot give your 
Lordships a relation, but to wrong both my soul and the parties, only 
this, which I hereafter mention ; being a company of us together at a 
meeting, wee were all enjoyned to say so many prayers for the Pope's 
good intention, and carrying on the great work, which was commended 
by the persons in my last deposition, the injunction being made in my 
presence, Mr. John and Mr. William Pontrill's, together with others 
whose names I doe not know, and what part they might have in the 
designe I doe not know, in regard the instructions was to be received 
from theire priest Mr. Busbie ; those things have happened within this 
two moneths or thereabout and the business was discovered before my 
full instructions was given me, therefore I humbly beg your favourable 
opinion of the truth, which ever during life, shall precede from his 
Majestie's most loyall poore subject and your humble petitioner. . ;> 

I accept this to be true." 

{Signed) Richard Needham. i 

R. Needham. 


[1679], March 24. — <'I humbly beg your pardon for my grosae 
absurditie for ofFendinge your Lordships (through my mistake) soe 
highly when I was before you last but one, it was onely my wronge 
supposition who thought your Lordships had only intended to have 
exanuned me and not for that I did remember any thing more at thai 
time. My Lords I have meditated uppon every particular worde by 
worde in my deposition, how to pitch upon the parties, times, and places, 
where and by whome, as if I were before the great tribunall seate of 
God to give your Lordships better satisfaction, but beinge two or three 
yeares since at the least, I cannot with these confused idle braines of 
myne doe it, though I suffer death for it, not to say punctually, but^^O 
my best knowledge, it was with Mr. Evers at Tixall, about three yeare? 


since or upward, who sayd before Ibnge, he hoped for better timed, that lIss.'drSi:fe^W. 
if things went on right, it was expected the Kinge might not livelonge, ^ ' ■ 'wih toBm u 
and then the Duke of Yorke would be Kinge, who had given good 
assurance for the establishinge of the Romish religion ; a man, I suppose 
of the family, beingeby (for I was but a stranger there), sayd he did not 
question but the Duke of Monmouth would stand up for the govern- 
ment, and therefore they thought that necessaryes should not be wantinge 
for carryinge on the designe ; and as to whome the letters were tiuns- 
ported by me, hath been from Mr. Evers to Mr. Turner, and from 
Mr. Busbie to Mr. Turner, and returne<l from him to them againe ; and 
as to those who used to be with us at times, at our meetinges were one 
Mr. Sherbourne, Thomas Richardson, Joseph Spar, and his sonne in law 
I knowe not his name, and some woomen whome I knowe not, onely 
Mrs. Smauley, and Mrs. Brontnay, and as to my vvive's speeches that she 
should never see mee againe, I doe beleive she had heard me say some- 
tliinge before conceminge the plot, wherein she conceived danger, as alsoe 
I am confident she was at the injunction, and to the Pontrills, in respect 
of theere beinge at the injunction, I have cause to thinke thay knew 
somethinge, otherwise they were alwayes very strange to me, as I was a 
stranger indeed. 

" My Lords this is all I can say, which I hope your Lordships will have 
a favorable construction of and be pleased to intercead for me to my 
most gratious soveraigne for my pardon and the freedome of your most 
humble petitioner.'* 

Richard Needham. 

1679, April 30. — [Another copy of the last Information toith the 
folloicing additional passages] : — " I likewise remember that beings 
some halfe a score of us at a meetinge we were all enjoyned to say soe 
many prayers for the Pope's good, and carryinge on the greate worke, 
which was commanded by the priest Mr. Busbie, the minutes being 
made in my presence, Mr. John and Mr. William Pontrills, together 
with others whom I doe not know, and what part they might have in 
the designe, I doe not know, in . . the ing4^^ructions was to be 
received from the priest Mr. Busbie ; these things have happened within 
this twelve months or there obouts, and the business was discovered 
before my full instructions was given me, I owne Mr. Busbie and 
Mr. Poole, two Jesuits, were the persons who brought me in as both 
givinge charge of the injunction, I owne my goods I sould in parte to 
pay my debts, and rent, and in parte to buy some corne to make me bred, 
though it would not extend to it, thinkioge if they should be seised, I 

should not be able with nd to pay my debts, and soe be 

cast into prison, and for the worde which my wife sayd that she would 
never see me againe, I am very confident it was through some words 
which she spoake before conceminge the plot." 

Richard Needham. 

1678-9, March 15. —Shrewsbury, County of Salop, Michael Ball, ex^ 
amined before Edward Phillips Esqre. mayor of the said towne, this 15th 
day of March 1678, deposeth as foUoweth. 

"Who upon oath saith that he this deponent standing att his house 
doore being in Mardell in the said towne of Shrewsbury about May, 
June, or August, next comeing will be two years, he saw two car^ 
riages viz. : a waggon and cart standing in the said streete, hee thk 
deponent goeing to the said carters asked them what those car- 
riages were loaded with, who answered they wei'e loaded with muskett 

K 2 


MSB. OP Sib W. and pistoll barrells, and puting his hand in the said cart and waggon 
iTZHKBBBET. ^.^ ^^ j^^ ^j^.^ dcponent beleive feall both muskett and pistoll barrells, 
for that he this deponent put his fingers into the muszles of some of 
them, and he this deponent doth further say that he pulled out a pair 
of horse pistoll barrells askeing the carters whether they would sell 
them, who reply ed they were given them by account or tale, and if 
they did not deliver them so^ theire wages would be stopped, and said 
that they were to carry them to my Lord of Powis, and asked of this 
deponent which was the best and nearest way to Red Castle, and 
further saith that the cause of his this deponent talking with them was 
because there were very good horses in the said carriages and that one 
of the said carters did pull out of his pockett a note of directions of 
the way to this place aforesaid and said he, this deponent, did give him 
a true account of the way according to his noate." 

Michael Ball. 

T. Browne to the Lord Herbert of Cherburt. 

167S-9, March 19. Salop. — " In obedience to your Lordship's com- 
mand I addressed myselfe to the mayor of this place, who I found 
most ready to sattisfie your Lordship's request, and immediately sent 
for Ball, who upon oath as you may find by the inclosed hath fully 
declared what he knowes which at present is all your Lordship requii'es* 

[Enclosure, 1 

My Lord, 

If another witnes be necessary there is one in Oswestry by 
name Katberin Jones a chimney sweepe's daughter who then drew 
drinke att the Green Dragon in this towne to the waggoner and carter^ 
when Mr. Ball made the discovery, one Hugh kept then the Green 
Dragon who now absconds but may be found upon occasion by 

Your Lordship's obedient servant 

G. R 
Pardon haste good my Lord." 

1679, April 2. — *^ The Examination of Thomas Marshall gentleman 
taken upon oath the 2nd of Aprill 1679, before the right honble. the 
Earl of Clarendon, one of his Majesties Justices of the Peace for the 
said County and Libei*ty. 

" This deponent saith that he hath bin four yeares in November 
last in the English coUedge of Secular Priests in Lisbone in Portugall, 
and that he came from thence on or about the 6th of February last, 
new stile, and that Mr. John Betts being one of his masters for 
Philosophy, the deponent in the latter end of January or beginning of 
February last waiting at the said Mr. Betts his chamber doore in order 
to do some exercise, heard Mr. Roger Hesqueth (who with Mr. Howard 
the Lord Viscount Stafford's sonne was there in the said Mr. Betts his 
chamber) say wee have brought our pigs to a faire market, we hav& 
used all meanes possible by sending missionary priests to convert 
England, and probably might have done it if Oates had not putt a 
remora to our designe, and I thinke the best way may be to contrive 
the death of Oates, whereupon the said Betts replyed, that's impossible, 
for Catholicks being soe severely persecuted there can be noe oportunity 
for it, whereupon the said Mr. Hesqueath replyed, Mr. Booth is &n 
ingenious man and we will send him by land to England, and I question 
not but he will effect our designe in killing of Oates. The deponent 
further saith I hat at his comeing from Portugall he demanding of 


Mr. Booth when he was for England, Mr. Booth told him that he had MSS. oi Sir w. 

some earnest business that would not suffer him to begin his journey Fitzherbbbt. 

this month, soe sent a letter by this deponent to Dr. Parkot which he 

desired the deponent to deliver with his owne hand, but the deponent 

not meetiug with the ©aid Parkot at his lodgeiog he hath since received 

a letter from John Brett porter to the said CoUedge (which was sent 

to him to the harbour in Lisbone but not received by the deponent 

till after he had bin sometime in England) to desire him to secure the 

letters he brought for England by wraping them in a foule shirt ou 

trusting some of the seamen with them. That the deponent suspecting 

some dangerous matter in the said letter to Parkot opened it, which 

was to deplore the tyranny which the Boman Catholicks groane under in 

England, and that now since he had so faire an oportunity of conveying 

his letter he would speake in more cleare termes then formerly which 

was that tliey must contrive the death of Oates. This deponent further 

saith that he hath unfortunately lost the said letter but very well 

remembers the contents of it to be as above." 

[^Endorsed'] "Received from Sir Thomas Lee who received from 
Mr. Belf." 

1679, April 28. — " The examination of John Sanders, Christopher 
Sands, and Daniell Colster, taken before Sir W. Waller. 

**This examinant saith, that about a fortnight past hee came from 
St. Omers out of the Colledg of English Jesuits in company of Mr. 
Christopher Sands, and that about a month before he left St. Omers 
he was desired to take a journey into England by one Mr. Roger Copley, 
from Mr. John Carryll now a prisoner in the Tower, in case he could 
say anything in behalf of the Lords or anything relating to Mr. Oates." 

I Signed'] John Saunders. 

" The examination of Mr. Christopher Sands taken before mee this 
US April 1679. 

" This examinant saith that about a fortnight past hee came from St. 
Omers out of the Colledg of the English Jesuits in company of Mr. 
Sanders, but on no other account then in obedience to the King's 
xjommand and to save his estate. 

Christopher Sands.** 

*• The examination of Mr. Danniell Coulster taken by mee this 28 
April 1679. 

'* This examinant saith that on Sunday was sevenight he came from 
St. Omers out of the English Colledg of Jesuits in company witli 
another young English student at the instigation of the Superiour of the 
Colledg as likewise the desire of severall Roman Catholicks in England 
for the justification of the Roman Catholick cans, and in relation to 
Mr. Otes. 

Da. Coulstfh." 

" Memorandum. — That the said Gifford said that his Superior of the 
Colledg at St. Omers had sent him over to swear in behalf of the Lords 
and that he must obey and would right or wrong. This he said in 
the presence of us here under written. 

Robert Chamberlayne living in Arundell Street. 
Mark Gouddall over against Sr. Thos. Clarges. 
William Waller." 

1679, April 28. — ** The further examination of John Saunders, a/ias 
Fall, alias Palmer^ the son of Stephen Fall barber in Falcon Court 


M8S. OP Sib w, in Fleete Streete now deceased, taken this 28th of Aprill 1679 before us 
FiTzmBBBT. gj^ William Waller Bart, and Edmond Wareupp Esqre. two of his 
Majestie's Justices of the Peace in the said County and Citty. 

*' This examinant saitb, that hee hath been a student at St. Omere for 
two yeares and halfe last past, and came thither in grammar, and is 
mainteined by the Carrylls and particularly Mr. John Carryll the elder, 
and he snith that Mr. Thimbleby and Mr. Peters were ministers there, 
and Mr. Ashby, Rector, and Mr. Thomas Stapylton is now Rector^ and 
Father Nevyll is now minister there. And hee further saith that Mr. 
Copley coming over into England went to Mr. Carrell and returning to 
St. Omers where hee asked this examinant wether hee knew any thing 
of Mr. Gates, who went by the name of Sampson Lucy ; who answered 
that from the first time the said Mr. Gates came to St. Gmers hee never 
went away, till hee went for good and all, and he remembers that Mr. 
Gates was there in Lent time last yeare, but was not absent from the 
colledge ^Ye daies in the said time, when he was att Watton as hee 
heard ; and one Edward Evers as this examinant remembers went with 
Mr. Gates thither, and he remembers that Mr. Gates was standii^ as 
the procession which passed in Corpus Christy day, which this 
examinant saies was after the time Mr. Gates saies hee was at the 
consult of the Jesuites in London, about May precedeinge as this 
examinant heard, and this Examinant saith that hee knoweth the 
premises to be true becaase he saw Mr. Gates at at the refectory 
table in the colledge : and hee saith that Mr. Gates would not be 
absent at any time from the colledge 3, 4, or 5 dales at any time, bat 
this examinant must know it, this examinant con.^tantly observinge 
who were at the refectory table, this examinant sitting at the 
Syntaxin table which was just over against the said table where Mr. 
Gates sate ; and hee saw Mr. Gates in the infirmary, but he knowes 
not how often Mr. Gates was sick, but there are other witnesses can 
prove how long Mr. Gates was in the Infirmary, and hee saith that hee 
never knew or heard Mr. Gates did any ill thing, or was thought 
an ill man, but was kind and familar among the students, and this 
examinant saith that there are about 15 or 16 persons that are come 
over from St. Gmers, on the same errand this examinant cometh 
for, some being lay brothers, some students, and some servants, and 
that they and hee are sent over to testify for the Lords in the Tower, 
what they know of Mr. Gates, and hee saith that hee came very much 
against his will, but was commanded by Mr. Carryll to come, and can 
testify noe more against Mr. Gates, then is conteyned before herein : and 
this examinant came over with Christopher Townley, who also went by 
the name of Sands, and this examinant receaved three pounds partly 
of Brother Harry and partly of the Procurator Bushby, for his journey 
into England, and this examinant was recommended to my Lord 
Castlemaine by a letter which Christopher Towneley had at St. Gmers : 
and they were bid to goe to Mr. Robinson's at Charing Crosse where 
my Lord Castlemaine lyes, and the Lord Castlemaine's footeman 
went with this examinant to Mr. Schard's house where this 
examinant was taken ; and this examinant saw Townley deliver 
the letter of recommendation to Mr. Robinson ; and hee further saith 
that about the time the noyse and rumour of the plott in England was 
spread abroad, there was likewise a report at St. Gmers that the 
King was killed, but how or by whome he heard not; and this 
examinant saith he doth not believe there is any plott of the Jesuites 
or Papists against the King or government, although he hath heard 
many reports to that effect. And this examinant saith, that his 


Superior told him that hee could not bee saved if hee took the Oathes mss. op^ib YT. 
of Allegiance and Supremacy when he came into England : And further Fitziierbeet. 
sayeth not." * 

[Endorsed} '' from Sir W. Waller." 

1679, April 28. — " The examination of Mr. Danniell Coulster alias 
Gifford, taken this 28thday of April 1679 before us Sir William Waller, 
and Edmond Warcupp Esq. two of his Majes tie's Justices of the Peace 
in the said Citty and County. 

" This examioant saith that his father was Sir Joseph Coulster some- 
times a Protestant but as this examinant verily beleives at his death a 
Papist, since the death of his father for the space of 7 years within 3 
months hath been educated at the English colledg of Jesuits at 
St. Omers, and maintayned at the charge of Collonell Charles Gifford of 
Chillington in the County of Staffordshire his father in law, and all such 
sums of money as for his mayntenance used to be remitted, were payd 
to Thomas Stapletop, Rector of the said colledg, and his predecessor 
Richard Ashby at Thimbleby. This examinant saith that about last 
Christmas was twelve months he saw Mr. Otes in the foremenlioned 
colledg and that from that time he was continualy residing there untill > 

the middle of June following, unless for two or three dayes at one time 
he was absent, and that during such time as he was in health there, he 
saw him once in two nights. On Sunday was sevenight this examinant 
at the instigation of the Superiour came away from St. Omers and 
arrived at London on Thyrsday night last, having received of his 
Superiour three pounds towards the bearing of his charges, and by his 
Superiour was recomended by letter to my Lord Castlemain. Being 
arrived in London this examinant in company of Joseph Dallison a 
student in the said Colledg went to waiteon the sayd Lord Castlemaine, 
and by the said Lord were recomended to a Lady in Arundell Street at , 

the hous of Mrs. Seilliardj the Lord's footman going along with them ; at (./^ ^< •' - • 
his coming away the two Jacksons, Mr. Parey, two of the Palmers, 
and one Mr. Stapleton, aud Mr. Townley, all young students were 
absent out of the colledg. He likewise declares that the end of his 
being sent into England was toproove Mr. Otes his being at St. Omers 
from Christmas was twelve month to the middle of June next following. 
Some of the foremeutioned absent persons this examinant believes might 
be come over for the same designe and end with himself. Being 
examined whither he heard anything of the King's being dead, he 
declares that about three years agoe he heard such a rumour, but never 
since. And further this Examinant saith not." 

[Endorsed] *«from Sir W. Waller." 

1679, April 28.— "The examination of Christopher Towr.eley truely 
called ('hristopher Madgworth, alias Sands, son of Hughe Madgworth 
of Preston in Lancashire, taken this 28th day of Aprill 1679 before us Sir 
William Waller, Barronett, and Edmond Warrupp Esqr., two of his 
Majestie's Justices of the Peace in the said County and City. 

'* This examinant saith that he hath knowne Doctor Oates ever since 
the month of December stylo novo 1677, and hee then sawe him at 
St. Omers in Flanders where this examinant was a student, and that 
Mr. Oates then stayed till June 1678 following as hee believes, but hee 
cannot say but that the said Mr. Oates might bee absent from St. Omers 
in that time for severall daies, and at severall times, but not absent above 
one week at a time, this examinant being lodged in the colledge where 
Mr. Oates was, but did not see him daily : and he further saith that 
hee changed his name soe often becaus lie would not bring his friends 


Mss. OF Sir w. into trouble. And he further saith that he was comanded by Thomas 
FiTZHEBBERT. Stapjltoii, SuperiouF of the coUedge, to come over to England on 
purpose to be a witnesse for the Lords in the Tower, being allowed 
three pounds by his Superiour for his charges as is usuall, and since his 
arrivall which was on Sunday was a fortnight he hath been maintained 
by the Lords in the Tower. And he saith that hee hath about 30 pound 
per annum settled by his father upon him upon an estate in Preston, 
which his brother who is turned Protestant now keepes from him, he 
confesseth he hath been sixe yeares at St. Omers but is not yet in 
Orders, and there studyeth humanity ; hee further saith Mr. Parry, 
Mr. Palmer, Mr. Stapylton, the two Jacksons, and Henry Palmer, and 
Charles Gifford, now prisoners with him, were all absent from the col- 
ledge and believeth that all those con^e to bee evidence for the Lords 
in the Tower, and he saith that his instructions from the Superiour 
was to come over and sweare that Mr. Oates was but once from the 
coUedge at St. Omers from December 1677 to June following, and that 
it was in the month of June only, and he further saith that hee is to bee 
a witnes for the Lords, and for all others in the Tower, as he believes, 
and that by being a student only hee could not know what plott was 
carrying on by the Jesuits here in England, but there might be a plott 
and hee not know it ; and hee saith that the rumour of the country was 
that the King was killed but how hee was killed he did not know, and 
was usually reported once a year since this examinant hath been there 
that the King of England was killed: and he further saith that hee 
was directed by the Lord Castlemaine to lodge at Mrs. Seliere's house 
a midwife in Arundell Streete, and hee saith that the Lord Castlemaine 
defrayes all tlieir charges ; and hee saith that the Lords in the Tower 
have the Superiour's order to this examinant to come into England 
upon this occasion : and he further saith that Mr. Oates went by the 
name of Samson Lucy when he was at St. Omere. And further sayeth 

Chris. Towneley alias Wadworth alias Sands," 
^Endorsed] " from Sir W. Waller.'' 

1679, May 6. Suffolk.—" The information of John Byford of Stoke 
next Clare iu the said county, laborer, taken upon oath before Sir 
Gervas Elwes Bart, and Thomas Golding Esqre. twoe of his Majestie's 
justices of the peace for the said County the sixth day cf May in the 
one and thirtieth yeare of his Majesties raigne A.D. 1679. 

*' This informant saith that being at the house of William Lord Petree, 
at Thornton near Hearn Gate in the County of Essex aboute a fortnight 
or three weekes after Midsummer last was twelve month, upon the 
account of killing and destroying the ratts in the house and out houses 
of the said Lord Petree, being the imployment of him the said infor- 
mant, the park keeper goeing into the park of the said Lord Petree 
about eleaven of the clock in the night, asked this informant to goe 
with him which this informant consented to and being in the said 
parke he this informant perceived at some distance from him flashing 
of fire like lightning whereupon this informant bid the keeper take 
notice of it. But the keeper not minding what he saide the infor- 
mant told the keeper that hee would goe nearer to see what it might be, 
for he could not think it to be lightning there being then noe clouds 
in the skie it being a very starr light night. But the keeper seemed 
very unwilling he should goe that way. However he this informant 
went through a thickett of trees within tenn or eleaven rood of a 
valey or bottom from whence he had perceived the said flashing of 
fire and there he sawe perfectly a number of men on horse back 


about three or four score as neare as he could guesse wheeling and MSS. of Sir w. 
tacking aboute and often fireing at each other, which he perceived itzhbrbbkt. 
by flashing in the pan without shooting but whether with pistolls or 
carabines he knowes not. Soone after he this informant returned to 
the keeper whoe asked him what he had seen, whereupon the informant 
told him all the particulars above mentioned to which the said keeper 
made noe answer, soe the keeper and he this informant returned to the 
house of the said I^ord Petree and went to bed, and the next monieing 
he this informant c;ame away and callinge at a house in Chelmsford 
that sold beere told some persons whoe were drinking in the said house 
what he had scene th^y the said persons whoe were all unknowne to 
this informant made a pish at it and told him this informant that such 
musterings had beene often seene there and that it was noe newes, and 
this informant further saith that meeting one Cox whoe had beene 
faulconer to the said Lord Petree about five or six weekes agoe, he 
this informant speakeing of this matter to the said Cox he the said Cox 
drew out his knife and threatened to stab him and called him lyeing 
knave and roage for speaking such words. 
Sworne before us the day 
and year aforesaid. John Byford. 

Ger : Elwes. 

T: folding." 
\^Endorsed'\ " from Mr. Titus." 

1679, May 7. — " The information of Matthew Claye of Desborrowe 
in the County of Northampton taken this 7th of May 1679 before mee 
Edmund Warcupp Esq. one of his Majesties Justices of the Peace in the 
said County and Citty. 

" This informant saitb, that he lodged in Mr. Blaesdon's house an 
Apothecary in Arundell Streete, and hath known him for about two 
years, and the last spring the said Mr. Biaesdon coming to Mr. Charles 
Howard's in Ducken Streete in Arundell buildings, Mr. Howard 
. . . . the informant to him . . . dg there. And this infor- 
mant . . . that he never knewe Mr. Jolly a . . lour in Drury 
Lane or his wife or to his knowledge ever was in the said Jolly's house, 
or left any trunks or goods, but saith that possibly a brother of this 
informant by name Danyell Clay might know the said Jolly, because 
hee belonged to the Spanish house, which brother went beyond sea about 
foure months since, and is at Paris as this informant beleives ; aid 
this informant further saith, that the trunks and clothes therein, and a 
hatt and hatrase and some small lynnen and twenty pounds in mony 
sealed up in a bagge, which were found in Mr. Blasedon's house when 
this informant was taken, are his owne proper goods ; and that the plate 
and loose raonyes and the books and other things in the clossett, belong 
to Mr. Biaesdon, to whom this Informant desires they may bee restored. 
And this informant further saith that hee knew the Jesuits to bee of 
corrupt principles and that he therefore cared not for them. And that 
hee knewe Mr. Oates at the said Mr. Charles Howard's house, and hath 
heard Mr. Howard often to dissuade Mr. Oates from bacomeing a Jesuite, 
however this informant beleive§ that Mr. Oates went to St Omers a 
little before the last spring, and stayed some time among the Jesuits 
there, and returned again, and was here in the months of April and May 
1678, and this informant sawe him in both those months in the said 
house of Mr. Charles Howard in Ducken Streete, and this informant 
further saith that Mr. Charles Howard in the month of June last past 
turned the said Mr. Oates from the Jesuits, and put him upon some 


3£8S. OP Sib w. other employment. And this informant further saith that Mr. Oatea 
FfTZHE«BBBT. ^.j^^^ ^j^^ ^j^jg informant that hee lodged in Cockpitt Allej ; and further 

sayeth not." 

Matth: Clay. 
{Undorsed'] " from Sir J. Trevor." 

Matthew Clay's Examination. 

1679, May 8. — " Knew Mr. Otes the last spring and not before. Saw 
him at Mr. Howard's in travailler's cloaths. Then Mr. Charles Howard 
said there is a gentleman would be a Jesuite, but I have turned him off 
from that. 

" He saw him there 2 or 3 times, but he said he was sure he saw him 
the first time in April.'* 

Two Informations of W. Osborj^e, relating to the Earl op Danby. 

One paper containing several Memorials of W. Osborne and J. Lane's 
relating to the Queen. 

One information of J. Lane's concerning art attempt to commit an 
unnatural offence made on him by Mr. Oates. 

Miles Prance. 

1679, January 11. — W. Lloyd's report. 
„ January 13. — Examination. 
„ March 19. — Examination, pp.1 -10, printed, State Trials, VII. 

p. 1231 ; pp. 11-13 not printed. 
„ March 22. — Information, printed, State Trials, VII., p. 1233. 
And Informations against Thomas Sutton and Richard Tesborow. . 

W. Lloyd's Report. 

1678-9, January 11. — " This evening I was at Newgate to visit Miles 
Prance as I had done twice before by order of the Lords in Counsell. 
I found him in one of his melancholy fits. H6 was near half an houre 
coming out of it before he knew me and after that he grew very- 
sensible and spoke everything with good coherence. When he was 
well come to himself Capt. Richardson askt him concerning the names 
and* habitations of those 4 persons that spoke of killing tho Earl of- 
Shaftsbury. He gave him the account that wa,s desired, and said they 
spoke of killing 2 or 3 other Lords, but he remembered none of them 
but the Earl of Shaftsbury, When Captain Richardson was gone he 
told me he had something to impart which he desired that I would 
make knowne to his Majesty as soon as . . . and it was, that since 
the 5 Lords Avere sent to the Tower, ns he was standing at the shop 
of one Mr. Boys near Ludgate there came to him one whom he fami- 
liarlv knows tho he could not now hit on his name. It is one that was 
formerly servant to Mr. Sheldon the Almoner, and is now butler to 
the Lord Arundel of Wardour. This man fell into discours with him 
and hearing him complain how iU the times were for poor Catholics « 
told him it would shortly be otherwise, and when he enquired how ? ' 
told him that Mr. Messenger (a servant of my Lord Arunders) had.: 
undertaken to kill the Eling. I desired Mr. Prance to tell me all that' 
the butler had said of that matter, he told me it was to this effects v 
That the butler being in the room with that Messenger and another^ 

heard them speak of delivering the of prison, and that r 

Messenger said the only way to do it was by putting all in distraction. 
(This Prance repeted several! times) and to do that he said I will kiD 
the King as soon as I can get opportunity to do it. 


" Prance also told me that the butler told him that Messenger was to mss^^hiSia-^ 
have a great reward for it if he lived and it would turn to liis if he died JFiiaaiwBjiBi 
in the action. ^"^ 

" I askt Prance whether lie beleeved this of Messenger. He told me 
he did for he heard Messenger say some while since at Bradley's house 
at the 5 Cans neer the Turnstile in Holborn that the Catholic reliction 
would be set up shortly all over England, and when one said that it 
would never be done by this King for he is of a contrary religion, 
Messenger said he will make him turn. 

" Amonoj them that were to kill the Earl of Shaftsbury he had named 
one Benedict Prosser a silversmith. Now he told me that Prosser was 
intimate with Messenger, and that Prosser had told the said Prance that 
if there should be an army he hoped to have an ensign's . . . 
under my Lord Arundell." 

" Of all these fhings he offered to make .... " 

Examination of Milks Prance. 

1678-9, January 13. — ** Examination of Mr. Prance before Secretary 
Coventry upon oath January 13, 1678. 

This esaminant sayfhc 

" Kelly and Greeme Fitzgerald and others had before designed the 
death of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey. That night they did ii they sent 
to call him to them. 

** Being asked who were the designers hee seyd Vernatt, and Fitz- 
gerald, and another, whoso name hee knoweth not. 

" Being asked why they chose such a place hee seyd they were resolved 
to have done it in any reasonable place, nay in the lane going downe to 
his owne house. 

'' The seyd examinant avereth that hee and Maddison and Staley were 
at the Crosse Keys in Covent Garden, and Maddison seyd to Staley that 
the Earle of Shasbury was a greate persecutor of the Papists and hee 
deserved to dye as scone as any man, and that hee and 2 or 3 more 
Lords, whose names he knoweth not, should die as soone as they could 
find convenience to dispose of them. 

^^ The seyd examinant seyth that Adamson seyd (Messenger and others 
being in the company) at the seyd tavern that my Lord Shasbury 
having beene fierce in prosecuting the Papists he thought it was no crime 
to kill him, and another time Mr. Bradshaw at this examinant's shopp 
seyd they thought it no more sinne to kill a Protestant then to kill a 
dogg, nor did he thinke it a sinne to kill any man that hinders the 
Papists in they re religion. 

" The seyd examinant seyth that Bradshaw and Maddison always 
carryed pistoUs in theyre pocketts. 

*' The seyd examinant seyth that Mr. Prosser seyd that hee hoped the 
Catholique religion would scone reigne, and that whosoever was against 
it did not deserve to live, and named the Earle of Shasbury, Duke of 
Buckingham, and others. 

*^ This examinant sayeth that one Gascoyne, a Fi'enchman and a taylor 
in Russell Streete, seyd hee wondered his Majestie would suffer the 
Catholiques to bee .... for it was no mere to do the King an 
iniury then another man, and if it were in France he would have been 
kild long since and this hee heard him say twice. 

" Taken upon oath- before me Milks Prance." 

Henry Coventry." 


M8S. ow SiE W 1678-9, March 19.—" The examination of Miles Prance, Silversmith, 
JiTZHEMBRT. ^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^xe 19th day of March 1678-9, before the Marquesse 

of Winchester one of his Majestie's Justices of Peace for the said County 
and Liberty. 

" This examinant saith that he and Mr. Maddison, a barber in 
Holbourne, and Mr. Staley, were drinking at the Crosse Keys Taverne 
over against Staley 's house about a forthnight before the said Staley was 
taken, where complaining of the great persecution that the Papists lay 
under, and that if they did not take some speedy course to destroy their 
enemies they should be ruined, the said Staley and Maddison resolved to 
kill the Earl of Shaftesbury as the ringleader of the raischeife that they 
feared would fall upon them, Mattison saying that he would engage three, 
viz. Adamson a watchmaker, Prosser a silversmith, and Bradshaw an 
upholsterer, and the said Mattison comeing afterwards to the deponent's 
shop showed the deponent a pistol! he had prepared for that purpose. 
Tliis deponent further saith that meeting with Adamson at Patties at 
the White Post in Vere Streete, and discoursing of newes, Adamson 
said that they should all be undone if they did pot looke about them, 
therefore they were resolved to kill the Lord Shaftesbury, he alsoe 
speaking the same thing to the deponent at the Gridiron in Holbourne. 
This deponent likewise saith that Prosser told him that he was undone 
and he intended to kill the Lord Shaftesbury, foi: he with others of the 
Lords intended to undoe the Lord Arundell who was his very good 
customer, the said Prosser telling the deponent at another time that he 
was to be an ensigne under the Lord of Arundell. This deponent 
alsoe saith that Bradshaw in discourse with him said that he would 
make noe more to kill a Protestant than to kill a dog or a catt, and that 
he was resolved to kill some of the busy Lords, but the first should be 
the Lord Shaftesbury and the said Prosser showed the deponent a 
pistoU at the same time. 

" This deponent further saith that he the deponent, Mr. Messinger, and 
Prosser, and Mattison, were at Bradley's in Holbounie about five weekes 
before Staley was taken, and the said Messinger much complaining of 
the severity of the lawes that were against the Papists, and much 
fearing that they would be putt in execution against them by some 
that were noe lovers of them, and particularly the Lord Shaftesbury, who 
did most buisy himselfe about them, said that there must bee a speedy 
course taken to prevent it ; and this deponent saith that some time after 
this the said Prosser told him that the said Messinger was the person that 
promoted the killing of the Lord Shaftesbury. 

" The deponent further saith that Mr. Goscene told him both in 
Covent Garden and in the deponent's shop that the King and Parlia- 
ment would undoe them, and if he were to kill a man he would kill 
the King as soon as any man, and if he had him in France he would 
have killed him before this. This deponent further saith that about 6 
months since he heard Mr. Mathews, the Lord Petre's priest, say that 
his Lord and the Lord Bellasis with some other Lords, would have a 
good army, and that he hoped the Catholicks' religion would be settled 
in England. This deponent further saith that about a year since he 
heard Mr. Singleton a priest say in the presence of Mr. Hall that he 
hoped he shoiild be settled in a Parish Church before a twelvemonth, 
and that he did not feare but that the Catholiek religion would raigne 
in England, and that he would not make any more matter in stabing 
40 Parliament men than to eate his dinner. The deponent saith that 
he hath alsoe heard Mr. Byfleet and Dr. Guilding say severall times 
that they have turned diverse people from the Protestant religion to 
the Catholicke religion, and they hoped they ghould have many more. 


The deponent alsoe beleives that the said Hall knows where the said MSS. of sir \ 
Singleton, By fleet, and Guilding are, for that they used to be alwayes at ^"zheebbet 
Hall's house, and the said Hall alwayes received the money for the said 
Singleton which was to be distributed for masses for the dead. This 
deponent further saith that Mr. Groves told him that this was no plott 
but a plott of the Protestants owne making, and when his uncle was 
condemned, he said that they were all rogiies that swore against him, 
the deponent then asking him what ho thought of the 50,000 men 
which he knew were to be raised, the said Groves replyed that might 
be in jest. The deponent further saith that Mr. Ridley, a chirurgion at 
the Lord Baltimore's house in Wilde Streete, told him severall 
times that he hoped to be chirurgion to the Catholicke army iu 
England, and that the Lord Bellasis would much stand his friend in the 
concerne. This deponent further saith that the Lord Arundell of 
Wardour's butler told him that Mr. Messenger was to kill the Kingy 
and that he was to have a good reward if he saved his life, and if he 
were killed the said reward should be distributed amongst such friends 
as he should appoint, by the Lord Arundell, the ]Barl Powis, and the rest 
of the Lords that were in the same plott. The deponent further saith 
that meeting with Mr Messenger after that he asked the said Messenger 
why he would kill the King, the said Messenger answered who told you 
of it ? The deponent [said the] butler told me, the said Messenger 
replyed, we are off that thing now, therefore desired me not to speake of 
it to any body. Afterwards the said butler came to tke deponent's 
shop and told the deponent that he liad received great anger in that he 
had told the deponent of what Messenger was to attempt. This de- 
ponent further saith that somewhat above haife a yeare since he heard 
Mr. Wolston Paston say that young Sir Henry Bedingfeild, of 
Oxburrough Hall in Norfolke, was to have a commission from my Lord 
Arundell lor a troupe of horse in the army to be raised by the Papists. 

\_Siffned] Miles Prance." 

\_Another copy of Prance's information continues — ] 

butler came to my shopp and told me that hee received greate anger 
in telling me what Messenger was to attempt. 

Mr. Lafeare a priest came to my shopp to buy a second hand silver 
hilt for a sword. I asked him what hee would doe with it for hee had 
a sword already ; hee then said that hee knew not what tymes wee 
should have therefore hee would gett him a good sword with such a 
hilt to it. 

" 1 mett Mr. Moore that belongs to the Duke of Norfolke rideing in 
the streete on a very fine horse, a little while afterwards I mett him in the 
lower courte at Somersett howse and speaking of that brave horse Moore 
wished that he had tenne thousand of them, and hoped that in a short 
tyme they might have them and men well armed for the Catholick 

** I came to the chamber of Mr. Ireland in Russell Streete some tyme 
before Michaelmas last, Mr. Fenwicke and Mr. Grove being there 
present, the said L*eland did declare that there would bee fifty thousand 
men in armes, I asked where they would bee had, and what to doe, 
L-eland said wee must have them in a short tyme to settle religion or 
else all would be ruined, I asked who should command them, Fenwicke 
made answer that they should be commanded by the Lord Arundell, 
Lord Bellasis, and Lord Powis, I asked him what poore tradesmen 
should then doe. Fenwicke replyed you need not feare trade, you would 
have church work enough. Soone after Mr. Groves came to my shopp 


ittS.noB SmW. to buy two silver spoones for a christening, where h© was to bed' 

FiizHERKBEi. godfather. I asked him what office hee should have in the army, bee 

answered hee did not know. I asked him who was to goveme this 

army, Groves said Lord Powis, Lord Belhisis, Lord Petres,'and Loi^ 

Arundeli, who had commissions." 

Infoemation of Miles I^bance. 

[1679], March 22. — **Iu the month of August 1678 I having occasion 
to write to a friend in the country, but not knowing how to send I 
went to Mr. Paston who lodged at one Bamber's a taylor in Duke 
Streete, who gave me an account where to send to him, and wee 
immediately fell 'into discourse concerning the present posture of 
affaires, and hee bid me not feare for wee should suddainly have better 
times, for in the first place hee said that the King was a greats 
here tick, and that the Lord Bellasis and Lord Arundeli and Lord 
Powis and Lord Petres would have a very good army for the disposing 
of the King and the suppression of all the hereticks, and then the 
Catholick religion should bee established and flourish in this nation, hee 
alsoe said that the alove named Lords had given out commissions 
allready to some gentlemen in the country whome hee named to me, 
tlhat was, to one Mr. Talbott of Longford, and to Sir Henry Bennifeild' 
of Oxborough hall in Norfolke, and one Mr. S toner, who lives within 
foure or five miles of Kingston upon Thames. 

" Also about two yeares agoe one Towneley of Towneley in Lancashire 
came up to London with his two sonues, which he was carrying over to 
Doway, hee alsoe brought along with him his two brothers to keepe him 
company, and they tooke lodgings at one Ayry's howse in Drury Lane, 
where Fen wick lodged, and in a short tyme two of them went over to 
Doway with the two ladds, and left the other here, who in the abaence 
of his brothers declared very often to my wive's brothers and to Adamgoo, 
that when his brothers came backe again from Doway, they expected 
commissions from the above named Lords for the raising of men to 
carry on the Catholick cause. This my brother and Adamson often 
told me at Pedley's in Vere Streete where wee had a clubb very often 
of ncne but Papisst. 

Miles Pbance." 

" Alsoe about the same tyme that the fowre Lords were in the Tower,- 
that is the Duke of Buckingham, the Lord Shaftesbury, and the Juori' 
Wharton, and the Lord Salisbury, that one Mr. Kightly came to m^, 
and greately rejoycing at their imprisonment said that now is the tyme 
for the promoting of the Catholick religion, because of the difiPerence 
that was amongst the Lords, and that if the Duke of Yorke did but 
follow the business closely, which the Catholicks had grounds to believe 
hee would, then they did not doubt but that it would bee settled at that 
present juncture of time." ^ 

(^Signed) Miles PbanCk." 

Infobmation against Thomas Sutton. 

N.D. — ** Joel Monkesley deposes that the said T. Sutton brought to 
him a week before last Whitsun week two papers, one entitled " A Short 
History of the Convention or new christened Parliament ;" the other 
".-^ Letter to a member of the Committee of Grievances'^ The last he 
left and it was carried first to the Lord Mayor, and then to Mr. Wyhn, 
Secretary of State. The other paper he carried away with him, but hje 
told the said J. Monkesley that he saw the author of it that same nigb^t, 
and that he was not a Papist. 


'^ He also deposes that the said T. Sutton had said to him on May 31st KSS. ep Sm-^':* 
last that King James would soon be upon the throne. He also at the ^i'^zkbbjieri. 
same time showexi him a written paper relating to the actions of Dundee 
in Scotland. Thomas Pultey deposes that on Friday, May 31, the said 
T. Sutton brought him two papers, one written, the other printed. The 
former came from the Duke of Gordon's secretary, the latter he believes 
was the same as the " Letter to a Member of the Coimnittee of 

The said Sutton a little after his arrest told the said J. Moukesley 
that he had found the paper entitled " A Short History S^c^ in the 
street, though before the Lord Mayor he denied that he had ever shown 
it to the said J. Monkesley. Since then he has confessed to the said 
J. Monkealey and to one James Cheney, that he had received the said 
paper in a letter from an unknown hand." 

I'he Examination of Randal Jones of Shrewsbury, blacksmith, 

living in Smadale. 

1679, May 28.—'* He remembers that about a year and a half since he 
saw a laden waggon standing by his door, and on looking into it he saw 
musketts, and other shorter arms, and some trunks and baskets. The 
waggoner told him that he was taking these things tc Lord Powis at 
Red Castle. 

** He did not take notice of the exact quantity but remembers that 
there were several bundles with about twelve muskets in each." 

The Information of Thomas Riches of Theergaton, Norfolk, husband- 
man, taken before William Windham, Esq. of felbrigg. 

1679, May 14. — "Deposes that he was in the service of Richard 
Tesborow of Flixton for a year from Michaelmas 1674, during which he 
contracted a great intimacy with W. Hownsam the park keeper. 

** One night in May, 1675, they went abroadji drinking, and on their 
way home be asked W. Hownsam if the story that his master had arms 
underground was true. He said yes, and one day when the master and 
mistress were walking in the park, and the coast was clear, they went 
together into the small beer cellar. There they took up two or three 
pavements and found an iron grating, and some steps into a vault, about 
16 feet square, where there were arms and armour enough to furnish 80 

"T. Riches further saith that about the month of June, in 1675, he 
one day saw Mr. Peregrine, brother to Mr. Richard, Tesborow kneeling 
upon the grass at the back of the house. The said T. Riches, being 
curious, went afterwards to the place and there found a stick in the 
ground standing up about one inch, and near at hand the flags were 
loose. He took up some of them and found a board and under it a 
brick vault, but it was so dark he could not see what there was within. 

" He also saith that about the same time he overheard Mrs. Tesborow 
say to her maid servants that she hoped ere long to wash her hands in 
Protestant blood, 

\^S%gned'\ W. Windham. 

Thomas Riches, his mark. 
Dennis Hunton, his mark." 

Royal Wakrants. 

Twenty five royal warrants all signed William R. addressed to the 
Attorney General ordering him to prepare Bills, Patents, and for 
Inventions, Pardons, &c. Amongst these there is the appointment of 


MSS. OP Sib w. Sir William Phipps to be Captain General and Governor in Chief of the 
FiTZHBMEET. pj^Qyipce of Msssachusctts Bay in New England, with definition of his 
authority and powers. The appointment of Sir Edmund Andros to be 
Lieutenant and Governor General of Virginia. The appointment of 
Dr. Sherlock to the Temple. A warrant for Commission for the Con- 
vocation, November 26, 1689. One for the ratification of the Articles 
of Limerick, and one for ratifying the capitulation of Gal way. And an 
order dated January 9, 1689, for a general Pardon to persons convicted 
of High Treason in 1685, and ordered to be transported to the West 
Indies. The list contains 867 names. 


H. Challoner to 

1745, September 22. Morpeth. — "By certain advices this morning- 
(by M"" Lodington who we sent to Berwick for intelligence & by an 
express to S' Harry Liddel) our army commanded by S' J"® Cope was 
quite routed yesterday morning near Preston panns, where S"^ J°° Cope 
& some more fled & got off in a boat, & Brigadier fifawke & Lascells 
got to Berwick; they engag'd about six yesterday morning, & the 
Highlanders fired in platoons a few fires, then rush'd upon our people 
sword in hand, which struck 'em with such a pannick that they all fled 
in less than half an hour. Some of the Dragoons 'tis suppos'd would 
fly to Berwick. This moment an express is arriv'd & the Boy says they 
hear they are pursuing our remains to Berwick. The Highlanders were 
suppos'd about six thousand, & S' J°® about four thousand with the 
irregulars. No account certain of the Dutch, this is all we can hear att 
present, we are all in the utmost consternation Ijere as the rebels may 
be with us in a short time." 


1745, October 14. Morpeth. — *'The rebels are yet in their camp 
near Edinburg, they have ordered a number of horses to be in readiness 
for them at Dalkeith (the Duke of Buccleugh's) at an hour's warning. 
There seems to be a great bustle in their camp as if they intended a 
march very soon, but which way their rout is intended they are cunning 
enough to keep a secret. They have gutted the Earl of Stair's house 
and plundered all his tenants, not leaving them either cow, sheep, or 
horse ; they have ordered all their out parties in, who were collecting 
contiibutions and committing outrages for 20 miles round their camp 
and upwards, some say parties of them have been as far as Kelsoe and 
Jedburgh. We now are not so much afraid of a visit from them in this 
part as heretofore, as we are now certain that a camp of considerable 
force is formed or forming at Doncaster, which we hope will soon march 
this way to our protection, we likewise expect a body of forces to land 
at Sheilds daily, a flyboat came in last Fryday with baggage, &c. con- 
voyed by a man of war, and the saylors judge the transports can't be far 
off. By the best calculation we can get the rebels are about 1 1000 strong, 
and by robbing the gentlemen farmers round the country they have got 
together about 2400 horses, and if you'll believe the Caledonian Mercury 
they are en creasing very fast numbers being added to 'em daily. 

*' According to Brigadier Fowke's letter, the rebels were expected to 
begin their march as last Tuesday." 


.^..........^ to MSS. OP SiE "W 


1745, November 4. Morpeth. — "This day 7 night came in here the — 

Royal Yorkshire hunters, commanded by General Oglethorpe, with 
Captain Gowland at the head of them, on their march against the rebels, 
who made a fine appearance and do an honour to their King and country. 
Yesterday in the afternoon Marshal Wade and General Huske arrived 
here from Newcastle with a party of troopers, several carriages of 
baggage, and about 100 foot belonging to the royal regiment of York- 
shire hunters, headed by Mr. Thornton who raised 'ern at his own 
expence, anJ^re lo join the army. The above generals, etc. returned 
to the camp at Newcastle to-day upon account of the following express, 
the whole army was expected here to-day, and we are to encamp on 
Cottingwood. This morning we received an express from Kelsoe that 
on Fryday last at 8 o'clock in the evening, the rebels' army to the num- 
ber of .5000 marched from Less wade nigh to Dalkeith. On Saturday 
another body marched from Dalkeith at 9 in the morning with the 
Pretender at their head, and yesterday at 9 o'clock (says the writer) I 
being near G ingle Kirk, saiv another body of the rebels consisting of 
about 1000, march to Lawder 10 miles from Kelsoe, this last body are 
said to be for Kelsoe last night or this morning, so for Jedburgh, and 
then to join the main body who are said to march by Howgate, Mantly, 
Feeble?, Drumalier, Beal, Locharby, Greeta Green, Carlisle etc. Wee 
fear they will harrass our forces most desperately, unless we had another 
army in the west to drive them to a hold — nothing material since my 
last till now. 

" The 7 regiments of foot from Williamstadt landed in the river last 
Monday night." 


1745, November 10, 12 att noon. Carlisle. — **The rebels are gott 
through Esk, and crossed Eden att a place called Peathwash, and have 
taken up their quarters att Greendale, two miles from hence, where they 
are encamped, and we expect every hour they will attack us. We are 
in great spirits and resolved to give them a warm reception, we have 
taken a spy since the above was wrote. The messenger says that when 
he came away^the cannon began to play and continued to do so till he 
got to Penrith. 

'* Carlisle, Novr. 10th, 10 att night. — The rebells finding they could 
not carry our towne are moving up the river and its expect'd they will 
pass over four miles east of us. 

** Newcastle, Novr. 12th. — The artillery marched southward today and 
the army receiv'd orders to march tomorrow. When the artillery had 
march'd four miles southward they receiv'd orders to stop and the orders 
to the army are countermanded. 

" Copy of a letter from Marshall Wade to the Mayor and Gentlemen 
of Lancaster, dated Newcastle, Nov. the 6th 174t5. 

*' I have just now receiv'd the favour of your letter of Novr. 5th with 
the enclosed intelligence from Dumfries for which am very much obliged 
to you all, tho' I had receiv'd the same word for word from Carlisle. 
I never doubted your showing the commendable zeal, which you have 
done on this occasion. I think you have acted very prudently in the 
resolution you have tAken to ship off the guns and other warlike stores 
should the rebells approach you, for if their main body should venture 
to march into Lancashire it will be impossible in your present situation 
to repel 1 their force, but if they by quick marches should enter your 
county I propose to march to your relief, by the. first way that is 

E 64159. L 


MSS. OP Sir w. possible for the artillery to pass, which they tell me is from some part 

* of Yorkshire. All the advice I can give, is, if you have any forces, as 

most of the counties have, to make use of them by dividing into small 
parties, who may fire from every hedge, to keep the rebel Is from 
separating from their main body to pillage and plunder, which I think 
will embarrass them more than any other method that can be expected 
from the county regiments, and it is my humble opinion that the 
further the rebells penetrate into England the more certain will be their 
distraction, tho' particulars may suffer by their bold attempt." 

Copy of the Pretender's Summons to the Mayor of Carlisle. 

" C. P. of W. R. of the Kingdom of England, Scotland, France, and 
Ireland, and of the dominions thereunto belonging. 

Being come from our father to recover just right with full authority 
we are sorry to find you should prepare to obstruct our passage. We 
therefore to avoid the effusion of English blood doe hereby require you 
to open your gates, and let us enter as we desire in a peaceable manner, 
which if you do we shall take care to preserve you from any insult and 
sett an example to all England of the exactness with which we intend 
to fulfd the King our father's declaration and our own. But if you 
shall refuse us entrance, we are fully resolved to force it by such 
measures as Providence has put into our hands and then perhaps it will 
not be in our power to prevent the dreadfuU consequences which 
usually attend places taken by assault. You may consider seriously of 
this and return an answer in two hours for your delay we shall take for 
a peremptory refusal and shall take those methods that are likely to 

J. Lister to Ralph Knight. 

" The following is copy of a letter I have just received from Sir J. 

Byram November 22, 1745. 

" Lord Lonsdale has this morning received an express with the follow- 
ing account of the rebels. 

Penrith November 20, 1745. 

" Copy of a letter from Mr. Cooper to the Postmaster of Brough. 

" The Highlanders have been coming in here ever since 4 in the after- 
noun to nine, some houses have 100 a piece. The whole body we have 
good reason to believe is moving southwards, we have about 3,000 in 
town, what in the neighbourhood we cannot yet judge. Tomorrow 
is to bring us several thousands more. I have been twice called upon 
before the Commissaries &c. for the Post Office accounts here. They 
talk high but I have agreed to wait upon their Principal or even their 
Prince himself before I can settle. Express to Mr. Wade went at seven 
this morning. Mr. Wade was at Hexam yesterday. The advanced 
guard at Hayton Bridge; the Chevalier's van guard gone to Ld. 
Lonsdale's and adjacent places at two this afternoon. Rout Lancashire. 

Penrith 12 at night. 

J. R. 

You'll see by this account that there has been no foundation for the 
report which was current all here-abouts yesterday of the rebels being 
expected at York tonight which I congratulate you upon. 

J. Lister." 
Blyth 5 o'clock.- 

Robert Wilmot to = mss. op Sib w 


Mansfield. Kiyday 2 o'clock. — 

" Our advice from Darby just arrived is that the highland army artillero 
had set out 9 this morning with great presipiation for Ashburn having 
received advice of an opposition by the Duke's army at Swarston Bridg 
in their way to Loughborough." 

John Page to 

** The rebels are setting out of Darby at two o'clock but which way we 
kno>v not but have just now sent out men to know, we are afraid now 
they will pay us a visit one hour more will make us [easy] either one 
way or other by putting us out of our state of uncertainty. 

4 o'clock. 

" They are gone from Swarsonbridge where they took a horse from a 
carrier, his shoes and a shilling. The officer gave the man his money 
again and paid for his shoes but kept his horse." 

Robert Bates to Dickenson Knight. 

" Mansfield Woodhouse. Friday morning, 6 o'clock. — I hope all is 
easy here. The Highland array did not stir out of Darby yesterday. I 
had two expresses from Mr. Wilmot importing the same. The Duke of 
Cumberland is within 3 or 4 hours march of it, and is determined to 
fight, if possible, upon their first motion. 

" Worksop, Friday, past 10 morning. — Tester night I had a line from 
Doctor Hickman which say Mr. Coomp's brother-in-law see an expres 
from Dover that Admiral Rowley had destroyed the Toulon fleet. I 
shewed his Grace of Devonshire that part of my letter which he did not 
seem to credit." 

. John Whitakeb to the Same, 

l74o, December 2. " Monday night. — My business last Sunday waii 
to watch the motion of the rebels. Stockport Bridge being broke down 
obliged them to cross a ford near Cheedle, which took them near to the 
middle in water, with as much eagerness as a dog alter a dnck but with 
less concern ; when come out again they walked at a prodigious rate, 
they came by about 9 o'clock in the morning and continued till four in 
the afternoon. I could not find out by any means where they intended- 
to lodge that night. I this morning went out at four for Macclesfield 
where I found most of them if not all. Severall marched all night, they 
are got very close together and keep so which looks as if they expected 
an engagement, which is tiiought will be in 48 hours. They aie in very 
high spirits and want to meet Ligonier. I left Macclesfield at 2 this 
afternoon, they have been marching all night, the Pretender I left ii^ 
town where I left all the artillery which consisted of 14 pieces of cannot^ 
and a very few mortar pieces. There were severall Manchester gentle- 
men that joined the rebels, who informed me that 20,000 French were 
actually landed in England, which account came to the Pretender this 
morning (not to be credited) they are full of money, they give out they 
are 20,000 and one fifth more which follows them. I dare say all their 
army was in Macclesfield today. I could not learn whether the Pre- 
tender was to move this day, those that went march'd for Congleton. 
They are determined to make the best of their way to London. I 
imagine they will be stopt very soon. 

** From SheflBeld. Tuesday morning. Came into Worksopp about 
8 o'clock at night.^ 

L 2 


MSS. OP Sir W. ** Warslaw o miles from Leek. 12 o'clock Tuesday. 

riTZHEBBEBT. The wholc body of tlie Highland army lay l&st night at Macclesfield 
and all entered Leek this morning at nine, how much farther they go 
don't yet know, they were yesterday pushing for Wales, but took this 
sudden turn, as I guess to avoid the Duke of Cumberland's army. I 
expect they will march for Ash bourn and Darby, but hope the army 
will be able to give 'em battle soon. I can't know how the army lies 
because they are between the army and me. I wait here for return of 
spies sent to Leek. I don't think they will come cur way but advise 
that people be sent towards Derby for intelligence. Keep things pack't 
up but don't move till you hear from me again. 

W. Cartwright." 

"P.S. — Advice from Leek. The Duke of Cumberland sent 16 men to 
Leek, to order the people to get their effects and send him an express 
on their approach and he would attack him there. People now who 
are in this house who have seen them at Macclesfield stiy they seem 
lame with their march and cramble much. Fresh advice from Leek. 
They are marching full drive for Ashborn ; no baggage comes up. This 
looks well. Now for £30000. Blue Bonnet. 

" Wednesday morning 9 o'clock. Mansfield. — Just now advice came 
that the rebels entered Ashbourn yesterday at 3 o'clock. 
" The above are the freshest advices we have." 

The Same to the Same. 

Thursday. Past Noon. 
" The rebells were the last night at Derby, Ashborne, and Wirksworth. 
It's thought their route is southward by Nottingham or Loughborough. 
I don't hear where the Duke of Cumberland is. The Duke of Devon- 
shire and 800 men are at Mansfield, got thither last night about 
6 o'clock, they lay at Derby but had orders to march from thence 
yesterday morning one o'clock to Nottingham, and as soon as they had 
well reach' t it they had farther orders to march to Mansfield. It's 
said the rebels have surprised and taken prisoners 1 1 Light horse be- 
longing his Grace of Kingston, one of which is an officer and seven 
Light horse belonging his Grace of Cumberland, that the men have 
their hands tied behind them and are obliged to march with the rebels. 
No certain news of Marshall Wade, an express went to him yesterday 
and one returned this morning, but where he is is a secret. 

R. Knight to 

Chesterfield. Wednesday eleven o'clock. 

"By express from the Duke of Devonshire from 'Derby the van guard 
of the Bebels came into Ashbourne about 2 yesterday and was expected 
at Derby last night when the messenger came away my Lord's horses 
were ready for him to move and all the men drawn out ready to march. 

" They gave out a day or two since they were for London. Their 
getting betwixt us here and the King's army has prevented me in my 
intention of going to it from hence. 

** It's supposed the King's army was'nt above eight or ten miles from 


The Same to 

Mansfield, eleven o'clock Fryday Decb. 
" We were much alarmed here last night with a report of the rebels 
being within a few miles of this place. The Derbyshire forces left us 
in no small hurry and confusion which contributed a good deal to 


increase the allurui. We sent our horses lo Wursop that thei' mlo^ht be MSS. of Sib w. 

out of danger at all events and were resolved ourselves to wait the event. _ 

The rebels sending out of Derby lo press for horses in some places 

there abouts was all the foundation there was for the report. By a 

person from Derby going to the Duke of Devonshire we ^ear the rebels 

were at Derby at two o'clock this morning but seem'd preparing in 

order to march, it was supposed towards Leicester. They were in 

possession of Swarson bridge on the Trent and that part of the Duke's 

army was not far off them. Other reports say that the greatest part 

were supposed lo be at or near Lichfield." 


^^ l74o, December 4. Blith. — A spy left Macclesfield at 2 of clock in 
the af ternone 3 esterday, says that part of the rebels marched for Congel- 
ton on Munday night, the main body followed yesterday morning, 
going to meet Ligoneur army near Newcastel-under-line. He saith that 
there was not above 3CKX) well-armed, the others with rusty guns and 
a brace of pistell each man, the boys pitchforks, while a great many 
rode horses ; the battell will probably be fought tomorrow." 

John Holland to Ealph Knight. 


Chesterfield, Saturday 2 o'clock. — ** We have been alarmed here from 
the Duke of Devonshire's servant reporting as he passed here about 
seven in the morning from Chatsworth to the Duke, that the Highlanders 
were marching at one this morning, part Chesterfield road, the ' other 
Bake well. Sent out immediately four persons different roads. Two of 
them are arrived and brings us certain accounts that they marched at 
one o'clock this morning from Ashburn towards Leek and continued 
marching till seven, when the artillery moved and were seen three 
miles on Leek ruad. So this proves a false alarm. By accounts I 
received from Derby this afternoon a small party of Highlanders 
returned to Derby last night and were there at 8 this morning when 
the messenger came away. We aro advised here as a certainty, that 
Marshal Wade and 8000 forces were at Doncaster last night, and the 
Royal Hunters at Blyth. Do not hear where Ligonier is." 


Sunday night. — " By an express to-day to the Dutchess of Deronshire 
the rebels left Leek at 3 o'clock yesterday morning, on their way to 
Macclesfeild, one that has been with 'em six days says they are not above 
4000 fighting men, & those much dispirited & tir'd with marching — the 
Duke of Cumberland lies at Derby to-night w*^ 5000 men — the Duke 
of Devonshire set out to-day from Retford with his men, to join the 
Duke's army.'* 

John Billam to . 

1745, December 7. Sandbeck. — " I have been this day at Doncaster 
to waite upon Marshal Wade with my Lord's complements etc. who 
come there last night, together with Generall Wentworth, Generall 
Oglethorp etc., the Marshall had two expresses last night giveing him 
an account that the rebels was returned back into Lancaster shire upon 
which he sent to the foot, who are at Ferry Bridge to halt, until further 
orders ; all the horse are at Doncaster, except what went to Bautry 
yesterday ; it's expected the whole army returns into the north againe 
for they were contracting with carriages to goe with them. I hope you 
continue to favour n:e with what news you hear, which will further 

HSS. 07 Sib W. 



.- to 

1745, December 8. Chesterfield. — " I have had no news in my private 
letters since 1 saw you ; but what all or most of it is in the Gazette or 
publick papers, or would have sent it to amuse you a little. 36 persons 
joined the rebells at Manchester, all • whom except two are taken ia 
Carlisle ; these two went with the Pretender. Doctr. Douglass, Doetr. 
Salkeld, Davison a grocer, John Graham an apothecary. John Clayton 
a smith, Francis Hewit a linnen draper, joined the rcboU at Carlisle, are 
inhabitants of the place. The Mayor and Town Clerk of Carlile are 
sent to London to take their tryals there. 

"N.B. — My friend writes I suppose it be those appointed by the 
Pretender. I imagine it will appear the surrender of Carlile to the 
rebels deserves inquiry. 

" On Fryday last they had rejoycings at Manchester for the taking 
Carlile, all windows in towne were illuminated; the loyal gentlemen 
met and drunk several loyal healths. The Pretender was carry'd about 
the streets in efligy (dressed in plad and armed with sword and target) 
by the populace. A person on horseback went before him beating a 
warming pan, and crying out. King George for ever ; no warming-pan 
brood; no warming pan Pretender; and at proper places the mob made 
a stand and cryed aloud. No Jacobite parson. No Jacobite doctors. No 
Jacobite constables, Hanover for ever, the Duke of Cumberland for 
ever &c. No one insulted, no mischief done. In the conclusion they 
burnt the effigy in great form. 

N.B. — One Coppock, a clergyman in Manchester, joined the rebels 
and Dr. Deacon, a nonjuring physician, sent his three eldest sons, who 
are now prisoners. The constables of Manchester ordered 50,000 bullets 
to be made for the rebels, and sent southward after them. This one 
constable owns, but the poor fellow was pistoled into it. The same 
Mr. constable attended the rebels, hunting for arms and horses with 
a Bible in his hand, in order to swear the persons they went to." 


1745, December 8. Barwick. — " General Handyside arrived here 
yesterday from whom we learn that the rebels in Scotland are 4050 
strong including 800 French, and that he had ordered the bridge at 
Stirling to be undermined and put powder under it that in case the 
rebels come that Way to blow it up to prevent their passing with their 
artillery, which consists of 18 fine pieces that they have got from 

Manchester, December 10.-—" I go there this evening when the rear 
of the rebels had just left the town on their way to Wigan. I left our 
army coming into Macclesfield this afternoon, which is as follows 
Sir J. Legonier's horse, Bland's, Lord Mac Kerr's, Lord Cobham's 
dragoons, the Duke of Kingston's and Montague's light horse, with 
about 300 foot, who are determined to march day and night till they 
come up with them, horses being prest for the foot ; the rest of 
Ligonicr's army and artillery encamped near Coventry." 

Doncaster, December 12. — "General Oglethorpe with Sir George's 
dragoons and ten men out of every troup in Wade's and Montague's 
horse, and the lioyal Hunters went from Wakefield to Huthersfield on 
Wednesday morning in pursuit of the rebels* W^ade's army went from 
Wakefield to Leeds on Wednesday morning, and 'tis said was to proceed 
from thence to Newcastle." 


Bawtiy, December 14. — " General Huske at his own earnest request Mss. of Sir "^ 
was gone from Fei-ry bridge with five regiments of foot and four pieces itzhebbbm 
of cannon, not doubting but he will have it in his power either to harass 
the enemy or stop them at a pass near Penrith. 

" I wish this be true but doubt it. I think he might have got to 
Penrith before the rebels, it being exceeding good turnpike road to 
Greta Bridge and from thence to Penrith." 


Saturday Evening six o'clock. 
1745, December 9. Chesterfield. — " At one o'clock yesterday morning 
the rebells began to march from Ashburn, Leek road. Parties con*^ 
tinued marching till seven when the artillery moved. The Pretender 
went about seven. They plundered very much, were more abusive 
then in their first visit, and lived altogether on free quarter. A party 
of horse continued till twelve in town. 

Sunday Evening seven o'clock. 
" By an. express just arrived from Leek I have the following particulars. 
A thousand rebells marrhed last night from thence for Macclesfield, att 
six this morning the remaining body began to march the same way. At 
eio;ht the artillerv marched. A coach and six with about 40 horse left 
Mr. Mills' house about eleven. Twelve horsemen returned presently 
into town demanding horses at three or four places and threatening to 
shoot people if not produced. After an hour's search left the town. 
Mr. Mills', Mr. Lockett's, and the houses of the principall inhabitants in 
. . . have been totally stript and plundered taking their linnen 
. . . . apparell and every tiling valuable and ransacked and dis^ 
figured . . houses entirely, Mr. Lockett senr. was detained prisoner 

a . . . time and ordered to be shot if he did not produce his son.. 
It . . . apprehended these outrages arise from the town appre* 
bending two rebells who stayed after the rest in their first visit to steal 
horse and were sent to Stafford jail. Mr. Mills, Mr. Statham, Mr. 
Lockett junr., the constables, and principall inhabitants, left the town 
on the approach of the rebells. I have 4 more spies amongst them or 
will be amongst them tomorrow evening. I have sent William our 
huntsman to hunt them to Manchester or «ee if they take Chester road.'* 


1745, December 10th. — " The rebels marched from Manchester and 
took the rout of Wigan, part of them were seen two miles beyond Wigan 
two miles wide of the road to Preston as if their intentions were to* go 
to Liverpoole. The Duke who is in pursuit of them was expected at 
Manchester tomorrow. The country people and militia are breaking 
up the roads and laying trees across to impede their march, and it is 
not doubted but care will l>o taken to break down Bibble bridge near 
Preston. The day they left Manchester they demanded £4000 which 
the inhabitants refused to pay. The rebels destroyed at Manchester all 
their provisions, liquors etc. This account came from Sheffield yes- 
terday the 11th. It came thither by one of their spies who was at 
Mansfield on Thursday and saw some of the Duke of C[umberland]'s 
officers come in there to demand billets." 

John Holland to Dickenson Knight. 

» • ^ - , » * , 

1745, December i2v • Chesterfield. — ** The van guard of the rebells 
entered Macclesfield on Saturday evening, on Sunday came their maiiL 
body, then artill^^y uriiyed tbcr&.abi)ut five^that evening. 


^t'zhebbeei^* ** ^^^^ -^^^^ ^'^^^^ ^^® ^^^ guard got to Stockport Sunday evening at 
— * six ; en Munday about noon came their whole body much in confusion 
and hum', and marched to Manchester that night without halting in 
town. Their horses were tired, and their foot so foot-sore as could 
scarce march. Four persons riding through Stockport Saturday in the 
night refused to be stopt by the watch, on this the watch fired amongst 
them, and killed a rebell, which so exasperated the rebells that the 
town in their councells was ordered to be burnt, but for their other 
officers who opposed it. They have taken Mr. Allcock, Senr., an 
attorney, Mr. Kobinson a grocer, Mr. Bore, Mr. Osborn, with them 
prisoners for going only to speak in behalf of the said watch and 
company. As also led away James Lucas the constable with a halter 
about his neck, and Peter Lewach, and Ralph Kemp are prisoners 
amongst them for striking a Highlander. They burnt Joseph Stockport's 
cow-house Jind barn and destroyed his cattle, for shooting the rebell on 
Saturday, and have taken the father, an old man of 90, prisoner. 

" The van guard of the rebells marched from Manchester on Tuesday 
morning, about nine towards Wiggan. The artillery betwixt eleven 
and twelve, the rearmost of them about four. The contributions (which 
it's said was £2,500) was ordered to be paid in by five, for which they 
have taken hostages, and seemed in great hurry. If they had stayed 
another night, the town was determined to give them battle, and for 
that purpose had got about 4000 ready to rise. 

**The Duke of Cumberland with his army lay att jMacclesfield on 
Tuesday night, and sent his orders to Manchester for to make ready 
for his army the next day. Most of the foot are mounted by the 
country in order to make double marches, the people are very diligent 
in repairing the roads for his army, and bringing in horses to draw his 
artillery, which is drawn night and day. As the Duke marches about 
20 miles a day, it is expected he may overtake the rebells in 2 or 3 days. 

** By an express since from Manchester, the mob rose upon 4 or 500, 
that were left there on Tuesday evening betwixt four and five o'oJock, 
and fired a gun at them ; upon which the rebells shot a man and boy 
dead, and wounded another in the shoulder, and then marched off. 

" The messenger met the Duke of Cumberland with about 2000 horse 
and dragoons coming into Stockport betwixt ten and eleven on 
Wednesday morning. 

** All the Stockport gentlemen are returned home except one Watch- 
man, and one man that knocked a Highlander down and took his plunder 
from him. 

" A gentleman in the Peak advises me this evening, that one part of 
the Duke's forces marcht by Stockport the other towards the Witches ; 
and it was expected, that the two bodies might reach Wiggan, and join 
on Wednesday night, and hope all our forces may be att Preston to 
night. The Ribble and Lancaster bridges he hears are pulled down. 
The Duke declares he will not sleep, till he has seen them. 

'* All my accounts agree that the rebells and their horses are much 
fatigued, and their chiefs very much dejected." 

Ten o'clock Even. 

1745, December 12. Chesterfield. — " I have sent you our accounts and 
hope the next will bring account of the utter destruction of the rebels. 
I have sent Mr. Knight's pistols. 

" 1 have sent two spies after the rebels at 5 this morning." 

The Same to the Same. mss. op Sib "W. 


Saturday Even 5 o'clock. — 

1745, December 17. Chesterfield, — *'The King's forces are in eager 
pursuit of the rebells, a considerable number of horse and foot have 
passed through this place, we have a large body here ihis night ; we 
were in great expectation of seeing the Duke here two days ago, but 
he halted three or four days about Macclesfield and went this morning 
through Weemslow and HoUing ferry^ for Wiggan which place ho 
designed to reach to night. It is generally supposed the van guard of 
the Duke's army which Jay at Wiggan last night will come up with the 
rear guard of the rebells to morrow or Sabbath day, they did not march 
from Preston till this morning. A party of Marshall Wade's light horse 
went through Bury at seven o'clock this morning to join the Duke. 
Mai^hali Wade has delatched five regiments to march witli all speed to 
interrupt the rebells betwixt Kendall and Carlisle. Thirteen rebells 
prisoners in Manchester house of correction, and we hear severall more 
taken att Wiggan, being stragglers tired with marching, which is appre- 
hended to be the reason of their stay at Preston. 

Sunday Even 6 o'clock. 

*' The rebells left Preston on Fryday morning in great distress, att 
which time the van of the Duke's army was but six miles from them, 
and part of Marshall Wade's light horse had joined those of the Duke's, 
so it's expected they would be up with them on Saturday and harrass 
them in the rear till the rest can get up. 

" The Duke and the rear were to be at Wiggan on Fryday night. It's 
said that Marshall Wade has detatched a party to give them the meeting 
betwixt Kendall and Carlisle. It's not doubted but they will be in 
time, we are informed that the party which composes the van of the 
Duke's army are volunteers and choose to fake the part of harrassing 
the rebells, and we imagine the Duke's staying 2 days att Macclesfield 
was to draw up the rear and give them refreshment. It is said the van 
that is near the rebells is about 4,000 horse old and new. 

Manchester, Tuesday evening 6 o'clock. 

"Yesterday we had the following accounts from Preston. The main 
body of the rebels left Preston on Fryday morning Deer. 13. The same 
day there came in there 120 of the Duke of Kingstone's light horse, 
the Duke of Cumberland's hussars, and the Royall Hunters. 

'* The same evening came in St. George's Dragoons, a detatchmoDt of 
Wade's horse, another of Montague's old horse, and Oglethorp*s. 

" About 2 this afternoon, we had an account that the hussars and 
light horse came up with the rear of the rebels on a moor, about mid- 
way betwixt Garstang and Lancaster yesterday ; when a slight skirmish 
ensued and it's said one or two of the light horse were killed, but we 
have no certain accounts what the rebels lost. However as there was no 
lodging there for our horee their commander thought it best to return 
to Garstang and the rebels proceeded to Lancaster that evening, when 
they arrived there we are told they hanged three of the King's friends. 

" It's said the rebels heaiing a party of Wade's foot were att Kendall 
intended to halt at Lancaster. 

" The Duke with part of his forces went through Warrington and would 
be at Lancaster to night if the rebels had quitted that town, the detach- 
ment of foot that went through our town, would be att Preston to night. 

** Manchester paid 2,600 by way of contribution. 

" General Oglethorp drew up the van of the King's forces composed of 
Duke of Kingstone's and the rest of the light horse and hussars, and 


.M88. OP Sib w. Lord Elco the rear of tbe rebels on Hilmoor, 5 miles short of Lancaster, 

yiTZHEBBBBT. ^nd Loi'd Elco has possession of Lancaster. The rebels were at 

Lancaster on Sunday morning and did not seem to move, having notice 

General Husk was got to Kendall with five regiments of foot detached 

from General Wade's army. 

** The Duke of Cumberland was att Preston on Saturday, he expected 
to be at t Gars tang Sunday evening. 

" The rebels' artillery is now in the van, the horse in the r^ar. , Their 
are 17 right- Hungarian hussars with our army." 

'* Tiie two first accounts are the reports of the spie3,the last the 
contents of three letters I received from Manchester." ' 

The Same to the Same. 

Wednesday morning, Kendall. 

" The Duke's horse and one regiment of granadiers march'djfrom 
hence till they came to Clifton-Moor, about 2 miles from Penrith, 
.14 miles from Kendall, where they arriv'd about 4 afternoon, when our 
hussars and rebels had severall fires at one anothei* for about an hour. 
Our horse and dragoons ivere immediately form'd into a line of battle, 
the foot being behind, and a draught out of three regiments of dragoons 
was detached anl marched on foot towards the enemy, commanded by 
Coll. Honey wood, being about 150. They marched to the bottom of the 
moor, where our hussars informed them they were, but it being near 5 
and dark, our men could not see them till they were upon them, not 
even then till they gave fire, for they were intrenched in a deep watf-y 
ditch beyond a hedge ; as soon as our men had receiv'd the fire they 
returned it with the fire of platoons, and immediately after with a 
whole volley, which was performed with admiration. Then the rebels 
rmn away, and our men gave a hussa and followed ; they run the lengtb 
of one field, and then gave us another fire, and we returned it, then they 
attacked us sword in hand, but it being very dark, and our men having 
great heavy boots, and it being among ditches and hedges and soft 
watry ground, made it worse for oui; men. We had 11 men killed and 
18 wounded, amongst which was Col. Honeywood, and a Captain, but 
none mortall. Our men all stood under arms all night (which was a 
very cold rainy one) expecting a battle next morning, for the rebels* 
artillery march'd o^er this moor about 2 this afternoon. Five rebels 
found dead in the field next morning, and thirty-nine taken prisoner by 
the country people, most of them wounded, and seventeen found dead 
next day in the river and ditches thereabouts, and I dare say a great 
manv more were killed. The rebels march'd with their artillery from 
Penrith about 6 this night, and took about 100 inhabitants with theniy 
with lanthorns and were made to lead their horses all the way to Carlisle^ 
where the dogs got about nine next morning. 

'' The Duke and his horse got into Penrith Thursday morning about 
nine, and his foot that night and Friday. All Thursday and Friday 
the country people, huse^ars, and Hunters, were continually bringing 
in rebels into Penrith so that there is now kill'd and taken upwards of 
200. Lord Elco is taken, he got a cutt in his throat by our hussars 
which was sew'd up, but doubtfull whether he will recover. Capt. 
JLamilton is taken* and one who came fropa Manchester, who after taken 
requir'd quarter, which was granted, after which the rogue fired a 
pistol at one of our hussars. Friday about 150 of the better sort of 
the rebels advanced from Carlisle towards the river Aske, but Gen. 
IJuske being there with 3000 men, part of Marshall Wade's army and 
2000 Whitehavea men, joined, them, which obliged the rebels to, re treat 


to Carlisle. There will be 12 pieces of cannon and 2 large battering MSS. of Sib w 
pieces immediately brought from Whitehaven to the Duke's assistance. ^^TSHErajBEi. 
His whole army will march from Penrith towards Carlisle this morning 
being Saturday. Gen. Wade with his army was att Newcastle on 
Wednesday night last, so I hope a few days will make an end of all the 

Chesterfield, 23 Deer. 1745. 12 o'clock at night. . 
*' I'he above I received by express from a particular friend, which I 
hope may be depended upon. The accounts from Brother you'll see 
are premature. I have enclosed the coutents.of all accounts I have 
received as they vary so much. Sir Charles Molyneux, gentlemen, 
and others wait for accounts therefore please excuse hurry." 

Samuel Holland to John Holland. 

"Dear Brother, — Having just uov^ received the following accounts, 
I thought proper to send it you, by a special messenger. Mr. Simns 
brought them both from Norton. The one is the express sent from 
Chattsworth to Mr. Offley, which is pretty much the same we 
received, only more particular, the other is an express sent to Sheffield, 
which Mr. Wadsworth brought to Mr. Offley's. 

" My Lord, — B rough, December the 18th, in the morning. — I have 
just now received a letter from Mr. Burn of Orton, that General 
Oglethorp is in his house, and that the town is full of our forces. Our 
messenger was amongst them ; and the Duke of Cumberland has taken 
the rear-guard of the rebells *t Shap; and sent an express to Appleby 
to summon all the country to join them att Brougham, as soon as 
poKsible this day, with such arms as they can get, to pei'sue and take the 
rest. The above is from Sheffield by an express come in there. 

*' Wednesday 10 o'clock night. — Lord Lonsdale has had an express 
within this hour from Mr. Armitage, dated this morning, and he says 
last night the Duke was att Shap, within six miles of Penrith, where he 
had taken all the rear guard of the rebells^ and was within 4 miles of 
the main body. 

'^ The day before Xhe advanced guard of the rebells was beat back from 
Emmont Bridge* and chaised) to Kendall, by. the country rising upon 
them ; that the Duke of. Perth, and the two ladys, were taken by the 
way ; but the Duke is so ill it's thought he is dead by this time. 

" The advanced guard of the rebells were, their Prince, the Duke of 
Perth, and all the Ldords as before. 

** P.S. — Pray excuse all faults for am ^o overjoyed I scarce can contaia 

John Holland to Dickenson Knight. 

1745, December- 19. Penrith;'— M My last w»s frcan Kendal on 
Tuesday. Yesterday morning wee passed over the = dreadfull fields of 
Westmoreland and came* to S^hap about 2 in the afternoon, where we 
heard that the rear of the rebels was about 6 miles before us, whereupOD 
we martched forward to this place, but were stopt 2 miles short of it by 
about 800 of the rascals at a village called Clifton, which they had taken 
possession of, and. had Hnedall the hedges ^about the- place ; we drew up 
in order on a common about a quarter of a mile from the village^ by 
this time it was almost dark, but our hussars and a party of Cobham*s 
and Bland's dragoons dismounted^ got- into ithe fields and after a sharp- 
fire of a quarter x) hour we cleared the fields aad: hill of them, and- 
then took possession . of ;tlia place and. continued in it all aight^ our army : 


M88. OP Sib w. remaining on the common, where they were drawn up, we lost about 12 
zHimsBBT. ^jragQons, and it is unknown what number of the rebels was slain, for 
they carried many away and threw ihem into a river hard by, we found 
only 5 this morning on the field, we have taken 50 prisoners this morning. 
My Lord Duke is very well after this fatigue of lying under arms all last 
dreadfull wet night, and I hope this night's expected rest will refresh 
him and all of Uv^, tho' beads are almost out of fashion with us. The 
rebels made this stand to secure the retreat of the remain body, who 
went from hence during the scirmish, and I suppose are before now at 
Carlisle, but I hope we shall demolish them all before they reach 
Scotland, we are now but 16 miles from Carlisle, and I suppose shall 
be before it tomorrow ; the Duke of Perth was very active last night, 
we hear of one of their great officers being wounded but cannot say 
who, poor Colonell Huneywood received wounds, and we fear he is in 
danger ; we were on an eminence and saw the action thro'out, but 
encountred with nothing but the long night and comfortless weather, 
for it began to rain at 3 in the morning and continued till this day 
noon. My best wishes attend all at Thoersby, this is no time for com- 
pliment, but I am hartily, tho' not a little fatigued." 

John Laud to Masson. 

1745, December 28. Sheffield. — *' The following account came from 
the surgeon to General Wade's horse to his brother here, and 1 doubt 
not may be depended on." 

" Bishopp Aukland, December 24, 1745. 

** I imagine you received a verball account of our arrival at Barnsley, 
here I found the two regiments when all march'd for Pcntefract, 
except a detachment of 60 men from each regiment, which together 
with 300 Dragoons, the Royall Hunters and Greorgier Bangers, where I 
intended by forc'd marches to join the Duke at Preston. I would 
gladly have gone and offered myself to the Collonell (as they had no 
surgeon with them) but it could not be admitted of. We march'd 
from Pontefract to Knaresborough from thenco to Kippon. As our 
Grenerals had resolv'd to cantoon the infantry from Burrowbridgo to 
Newcastle the army did not move together but in divisions of 2000 
each. So we halted at Bippon that we might not fall in with the foot 
upon the march, from Bippon to Richmond, from thence to Bishop 
Aukland, which prov'd too long fatiguing marches, thro' exceeding deep 
dirty roads, here wo have halted, but expect to march tomorrow or next 
day. You have heard no doubt of the precepitate retreat of the rebels 
out of England. The first place the horse could overtake them at was 
near Penrith, their roar guard finding themselves too closely pursued, 
drew up in Clifton field behind the hedge, tho afternoon was very 
hazy, and it was near 4 o'clock before the people came up. The Duke 
ordered Bland's dragoons to dismount, they formed and roai'ch'd up to 
the enemy. A brisk fire began from behind the hedge which was 
return'd by our dragoons and continued pretty smart for a few minutes, 
but they quickly turn'd taile, and the whole 400 dispers'd, they found 
about 18 killed and wounded upon the spott, and in the adjacent lanes 
and hedges, 30 were taken prisoners, and the country people brought in 
30 or 40 the next day. 

'' Poor Philip Honey wood was shott in the neck, two more officers 
wounded, and about ten dragoons killed and wounded. We heard no 
more of our brave Duke till today, when we had an account, the rebels 
not being able to pursue their retreat any longer, where obliged to take 


shelter in Carlisle, where the Duke has pinned them up, and perhaps ^®- ^^ ^^* ^ 

before you receive this has destroyed their wliole power, at least you — 

may be very sure, you'l hear no more of their marching either into 

England or Scotland. We have made another detachment of 80 men 

irom two regiments, and they have mounted 10()0 foot at Newcastle. 

This reinforcement has joined the Duke before Carlisle, 600(^ Hessians 

are actually landed in Scotland. So that if it was possible for the 

rebels to escape the Duke, they are very certain to be cut off before 

they can reach the Highlands. The Lord be thanked our good friends 

the Dutch are order'd home, these gentry have given us more trouble 

than it may be proper to speak of, but while we wanted their assistance it 

was not proper to complain. The next news I hear from Carlisle 

Jervaec Wright." 

*' Yestei-day we had a confirmation of this from a person in Carlisle, 
to his brother here, but I have not time to go and see it now." 

Raven to 

1 745, December 10. Manchester. — " I came from Litchfield yester- 
day when I eaw the Duke of Cumberland and the regiments 
following, Ligonier's Horse, Eland's, Lord Mac Ker's, and Cubham's 
Dragoons, the Duke of Kingston's and Montague's Light Hoi*se, 
with about 1500 foot, who are determined to march almost day 
and night till they come up with the rebels. The rest of the army 
is encamped on Meridan Heath near Coventry, where the artillery 
is left, that they may march the more expeditiously after them, 
they press horses for the foot that they get forward with the 
horse. The town of Macclesfield is almost ruiyed by the rebels. At 
the approach of the King's forces into the town I never saw such a 
chearfulness, and rejoicing in my life. Yesterday a small party of 
rebels was plundering near this town ; one of the inhabitants fired a 
gun and killed one of 'em on which his comrades burnt his house and 
forced two of his neighbours along with 'em with halters about their 
necks, and made 'em walk barefoot with their boots upon their shoulders. 
On their leaving this town they obliged 'em to pay £2500 contribution, 
and when they went off they fired some guns and wounded several 
people in a terrible manner. The rebels left Manchester about 2 hours 
before Mr. Abraham Cave and I got in. 

" Mr. Burdon's account is almost exactly the same with the above, he 
says the rear of the rebels marched out of Manchester towards Wiggan 
on Tuesday in the afternoon, and so northward as fast as possible, and 
that our army entered Macclesfield about 3 o'clock in the afternoon the 
same day— he farther adds they are informed by a letter from New- 
castle by last night's post, there is a body of 5000 rebels, Scotch and 
French in arms in Scotland with a train of battering cannon, and they 
give out they will besiege Stirling and Edinburgh. Epworth, 12 


1745, December 15. Evening. Manchester. — " By an express from 
Lancaster dated this morning at 9 o'clock, we hear that the body of the 
rebels was then there, but what they designed to do was not known^ 
being they heard a detachment of Wade's army was at Kendall, and 
t' was reported they hanged 3 men (but does not say who they were) at 
that place, and says yesterday a detachment of the Duke of Kingston's 
light horse, and a party of hussars and Royal Hunters, commanded by 
General Oglethorpe, came up with the rear guard of the rebells about 


Mss. OP Sib w. 3 or 4 miles beyond Garstang under the command of Lord Elcho, upon 
FiTZHBBBEBT. ^ijjch they turned about, and a pritty warm skirmish ensued, in which 
General Oglethorpe has one man killed and one took prisoner, owing to 
a fall from his horse, but what ^umbers of the rebels was killed is not 
known, upon which they retired and agreed in a councill of warr to 
return to Garstang and wait for the remainder of the army to come up, 
which is expected will be there to night." 


Durham. December 17. — " General Wade's army is divided and 
marches in eight columns, the first of which will be at Newcastle 
tomorrow. — It is reported the Duke of Perth is taken prisoner on 
account of his falling sick, and Lady Ogilvie also taken prisoner, and 
that the Duke's army has harassed and broke the rebel army, and that 
500 of them are within five miles of this place, if so as the passes are 
moKt of them stopt into Scotland I hope that our different columns will 
pick up a share of them. General Wade's army now lies under cover 
of night. This comes from an officer of Wade's army. 

1745, December 19. Doncaster. — " A messenger going from Lord 
Malton's to London gives an account that the Duke of Cumberland 
haith taken the artillery and baggage of the rebels and cut off the rear 
of them." 


1745, December 19. Chesterfield, Thursday Noon. — " On Thursday 
December the 12. A large body of dragoons with four troops of the Duke 
of Kingston's horse, aa«l 1500 Foot, entered Manchester in the evening. 

" On Friday 200 of the Duke of Montague's Old Horse, and 200 of 
St. George's Dragoons reached Preston that evening from Eachdale. 

"Twelve of the Duke of Kingston's light horse, sent from Manchester 
to reconnoitre the rebels, returned from near Garstang to Preston on 
Friday night, with intelligence that the rebels were about Garstang. 

" Saturday at noon 12 Yorkshire Rangers, who were advailced within 
a mile or two of Lancaster to reconnoitre, were pursued by a large 
body of rebels. They came up with their horses being wearied ; one 
was shot refusing quarter, the other two surrendered, and taken 
prisoners to Lancaster. 

"There were no persons hanged at Lancaster as before reported, 
the rebels plundered extreamly there, breaking open chests, cuppords, 
and everything in their way, and taking away everything that was 
valuable. The same was done in Preston, and all other towns they 
passed through, the same in all country places where they came. 

" On Sunday before day most of the rebels left Lancaster, their rear got 
to Kendall about six that evening ; the country people about Kendall 
opposed their van guard, killed two rebels, and took one prisoner, and 
the rebels killed three country people. 

" Their hussars marched out of Kendall Sunday evening for Penrith, 
within a mile of Penrith the country assembled to oppose them with 
scythes, pitchforks, guns, swords, &c. These hussars took one 
countryman prisoner, and returned about five on Monday morning to 
Kendall. On Monday before it was light, till nine, they continued 
marching from Kendall for Penrith in order to be in Carlisle on Tuesday, 
and from thence proceeded to Scotland. 

" The rebels give out 10,000 French were to have landed in Wales, 
but received an express in Derby, that they proposed to land in 
Scotland, whom they are returning to join. 


" The hussars, rangers, part of the light horse, and part of St. George's MSS. op SibW. 
and Montague's, got to Kendall on Monday evening. The Duke with ^"zhbbbbrt. 
the rest of the horse were at Lancaster that evening. 

" About three that afternoon was met the Duke of Kingstone in his 
coach with Lord Byron a mile south of Lancaster, two troops of his 
horse attending, with 200 foot mounted on country horses. 

" Our foot and some Yorkshire Blews imagined may make 3000, were 
in Preston on Tuesday and halted. 

" It is confidently reported at Preston that the Duke has received an 
express on Saturday there, part of our horse marching for Lancaster 
returned to Garstang, and the other part from Garstang towards 
Preston, and the foot return'd to Wiggan on Sunday and billets came 
to Manchester for 7000 men on Monday night. 

^' On Sunday our forces were ordered to march again after the rebels 
us fast as possible ; had it not been for this they were so near the rebels 
that they must have come up with them before this time, 

*' The rebels artillery march'd night and day before them with a proper 
Guard, who take horses from the country people, and when those can 
march no further, take more. 

" Att Manchester, Preston, and where our forces came, there are great 
rejoicings by ringing of bells, bonefires and illuminations in every 

" 14 rebels are prisoners att Garstang, and 16 at Manchester. 

" The Duke declares he will follow them to their very doors in the 

" The above received from 2 spies just arrived, who were taken 
prisoners by the rebels Saturday afternoon, and releas'd att Kendal on 
Munday. The rebels have taken their horses. 

" Ten of clock Thursday even. We have just received accounts from 
Chatsworth that the rebels were at Shap on Wednesday morning and 
that General Oglethorpe was got before them, and had join'd a detach- 
ment from Marshall Wade's army. 

" The Duke of Cumberland set out from Kendal at 6 o'clock on 
Wednesday morning and declar'd he wou'd not sleep till he came up 
with them." 


1745, December 23. — "From Penrith without date an express to 

'^ The Duke has had a slight skirmish with the rebels, has lost ten men 
and the rebels 100; it was believed if his foot had been with them he 
had done their business. 

*' Our foot got to Lancaster on Wednesday afternoon, and 1500 horses 
were waiting there ready to mount them as soon as they had dined. 

" 2000 more of the Duke of Cumberland's foot were to be ia 
Manchester on Saturday. The 6000 that remained of his army are 
gone to London from the countiy and the places adjacent. 

" Marshall Wade's army was at Burrough Bridge on Sunday the loth, 
from thence were detached a 1000 picked men to march directly for 
Hexham to prevent the rebels returning into Scotland. The rest in 
severall columns marched directly for Newcastle. The last division 
would be there last Saturday. 

"From Bolton. — Sir, I was in Preston on Sunday the lo, the town 
was in the utmost hurry from an express that came that day to the 
Duke, the purport was a great number of French were landed in Kent. 
Upon this the soldiers att Lancaster and Garstang returned to Walton 


MSS. opSibW. on this side Prestou that uight late. The foot which were advanced 
— ' within two or throe miles of Preston were ordered to return that night 
to Wiggau, and all the soldiers had orders to be in readiness to march 
early in the morning for London. 

"About four or five on Munday morning, another express came with 
an account that it was a false alarm. A gentleman of f<jrtune who was 
in the room when the Duke received it, and heard it read, told me the 
contents were that Veruon had taken and destroyed 17 transports and 
4 men of war and that the Duke might follow the rebels, whereupon he 
jumped about the room for joy and declared he would follow them to 
the furthest part of Scotland, but he would see an end of them, others 
told mo Yernon had only taken one French East Indiaman and a 
Privateer full of men, a little time will convince us bow it is. 

"About 8 on Munday morning the Duke with about 3000 horse and 
dragoons set out for Lancaster, on Tuesday morning at 9 o'clock 
marched from Lancaster for Kendall, on Wednesday upwards of 2000 
foot marched from Preston to Lancaster. I was told by an oliicer on 
the road they had received orders to goe forwards to Burton without 
halting in Lancaster. All the horses within 15 miles of Lancaster 
were pressed to forward them. 

"About 11 o'clock that day an express brought account by word of 
mouth to Lancaster where I then was the rebels were stopt att Penrith 
by a detatchment from Wade's army and had retreated to Shap and that 
the Duke set out of Kendall att 6 in the morning with his men to visit 

" The rebells held out the white flag and wanted to capitulate but 
the Duke sent them word he could not capitulat with rebells upon which 
they surrendered upon the Duke's mercy. The Duke will be in town 
Sunday or Monday, but I have great reason to believe he will very 
soon after go into Scotland, which I and everybody else heartily wishes 
he may, and if he does, don't doubt but he will soon put an end to this 
ugly rebellion, there was but one of our people killed at Carlile." 

- to 

1745-6, February 3. Edinburgh — ."After the uncommon fatigue, 
which his royal Highness the Duke underwent in his expeditious journey- 
to this city, none expected a speedy march of the troops ; yet to every 
one's surprize he dispatched the business of the army and marched it in 
less than 24 hours after his arrivall. The whole troops were in motion 
on Friday* at 5 o'clock in the morning, and expressed the greatest 
eagerness to attack the rebels. Greneral Huske led the van, his Koyal 
Highness set out soon after the artillery, and passed through this city 
in the Earl of Hoptone's coach, amidst a prodigious crowd, who 
expressed their satisfaction by repeated acclamations of joy, and prayers 
for his success. Att a quarter of a mile's distance, his Royall Highness 
mounted his horse, and was soon up with the army, which lay that 
night att Linlithgow. The rebels called in their stragling parties, and 
seemed to prepare for a general engagement, which was expected on 
Saturday. No time was lost, for early that morning the artillery moved, 
together with Lord Cobham's, and 4 troops of Lord Mark Kerr's 
dragoons, which were all the horse that had joined, Legonier's, and 
Hamilton's, being left to patrol near this city. The quickness of this 
motion, and the alertness of the army, equally surprised and terrify d the 
rebells, who, that morning having blown up their powder magazine in 
the church of St. Ninian's, fled with the greatest precipitation without 


the least regularity, and made such haste, that they got to the north side ^^tzherbmt!^ 
of the Forth by the ford of the Trew that night. --- 

**The Argyleshire Highlanders, and dragoons under Brigadier 
Mordautit pursued, and took possession of Stirling ; where they found the 
rebels cannon etc, on Sunday his Koyal Highness entered that town, and 
was saluted by a triple discharge of the great guns from the castle, which 
he had so seasonable releived. 

** Several prisoners are come to town already and we hear of a great 
many more. General Blakeney fired hotly on such as were within reach 
of his guns. Such a speedy deliverance to the south part of Scotland 
was beyond the Avarmcst expectation, and ihe inimitable braveiy of his 
Royal Highness, who has freed the better half of North Brittain from 
oppression, slavery, rapin, and blood, in the short space of three days, 
will be ever gratefully acknowledged by all the friends of liberty. 

** The army under his Royal Highness consists of 14 battalions and 
2 regiments of dragoons ; it marched in 2 columns by way of Barrow- 
stonners and Lithgow ; the Argyleshire men under Lieut. Col. Campbell 
led the van, and on Friday night were cantoned towards the river Avon 
in the front. 

"Yesterday the most devout thanksgivings were put up to Almighty 
God for this begun deliverance from this wicked and unnaturall 

" Severall gentlemen, volunteers, made prisoners in the action near 
Falkirk and confined in the Castle of Down by the rebels, have mado 
their escape, and are come to this city, as has likewise Major Lockhart, 
and Mr. Gordon of Ardoek, who having happily convinced the officer on 
guard of his folly, engaged him to come along with them, and he in 
admitted to bail. 

*' A letter from Stirling says that the £ai 1 of Kilmarnock, and several 
other officers of distinction amongst tke rebels are made prisoners. 

" The rebels published a proclamation at Stirling offering a reward to 
any who would discover the author of that damnable lye that the person 
commonly called the Duke of Cumberland was arrived in Scotland, so 
apprehensive were they that their aimy would fly on the approach of 
that illustrious young hero. 

" February 4. — It is this day reported that the Highlanders are 
dispersing, and forcing the country people to exchange cloaths with 
them. The Duke has ordered the Argyleshirmen and dragoons to 
pass the Forth in pursuit of the rebels. 

" The Hazard sloop of war has sailed from Montross for France with 
the French ambassador, and some chiefs of the rebels on board. 

** The Pretender and rebels are marched up to the Highlands having 
abandoned Perth yesterday. 

Newcastle, February 7. 

** An express this day brings advice that the rebels still fly before the 
Duke who was to be at Perth yesterday. 

" Cameron of Lochiell's brother is taken prisoner. 

" The Prince of Hesse onboard the Gibraltar^ man of war, and three 
other men of war, and 30 transports of the Hessian troops, passed our 
barr yesterday, and as the wind is fair, they will, 'tis hoped, be landed 
at Leith this day. 

** The Duke of Kingston's light horse went through here yesterday 
for Scotland.*' 

£ 64159. M 

MS8. OF Sib W. 



— to 

" 174o-6, February 4. Newcastle. — " Que of the King's messengers 
went through here this morning with an express from the Duke of 
Cumberland whom he left at Stirling yesterday morning at 5 o'«lock. 
The Duke gave him a strict charge not to stop or sleep till he had 
his dispatches. 

" The brave Duke on Sunday forenoon advanced within a small dis- 
tance of the town with his army drawn up expectiiig the rebels coming, 
but on the contrary they run off as fast as they could in the utmost 
confusion, crossing the river upon floats, which they had made before, 
severall were drowned, vast numbers killed by the cannon of the castle, 
and by a seasonable salley made by the garrison, besides prodigious 
numbers surrendered themselves prisoners of war, particularly Lord John 
Drummond's regiment, after himself was killed near one of their own 
batteries. He says scarce 40 of the whole regiment went off with the 
rebels, we have taken all their tent^, cannon, ammunition, baggage, and 
most of their arms, and to compleat their ruin all their provisions, all 
this without the loss of a man or the least hazard of the Duke's 
person. All this he declares he saw with his own eyes, and further that 
»s he came from Edenburgh he met on the rods nigh 100 waggons 
ladened with all sorts of provisions for the arm}', 

"Our accounts by express both to Berwick and this town are as 
follows : 

"Upon Friday morning last the army marched from Edenburgh 
westward, and at nine the Duke of Cumberland followed, but on 
Friday ev'ening at six o'clock the rebels began a most precipitate 
retreat from Falkirk and Stirling by blowing up this magazine of 
powder in St. Ninians's Church near Stirling, nailed up all their cannon, 
leaving all their baggage behind 'em, and passing the ford att th&Trew 
about 5 miles above Stirling. As soon as the rebels had passed the 
Forth they divided themselves into eight different bodies and were 
, making up to the norths Lord Loudon will be an over match for any of 
these parties, and its not doubted bat he the Argyleshire men and a few 
troopers will ferret 'm out and bring them to justice. 

" Some say the rebels lied so precipitately, that they had not time to 
nail up their cannon. 

" It's said the rebels attempted to bribe the principall guniierof Stirling 
castle but, he having the honour to communicate the affiiir to the 
general, he made a very good use of it by suffering them in an intended 
general assault on the Castle to come as near it as they pleased, and 
they not doubting but they had the gunner on their side came just 
under the guns in great numbers, which the general perceiving ordered 
the guns to fire and killed some hundreds of the rebels." 

to DiCKEWsoN Knight. 

** A copy of a letter sent us by Dr. Herring." 

1746, April 26. — " By an express this day at noon from the Duke 
at Inverness there was 2,500 of the Rebels killed & most of the 
general officers either killd or taken prisoners. This express Irft 
the Duke in pursuit of the Rebells. 

Taken 5,000 stand of arms & 30 pieces of Cannon. 


L(l Strachallan killd. MSS.ovSn'W. 

Mackintosh ditto. Fitm^bbt. 

O^ilvie ditto, 

Appin ditto. 

& mauj more taken. 
Totftlly dispersed, not 200 hundred to bo found in anyplace together. 
Earl Cromarty taken with 100 of his men." 


North Riding of the County of York [1716]. 

Birdforth William Pinkuey of Thirsk, Gen. 
Allertoushiro William Dale of the same, (grocer. 
Weaptakcs. j^^^^ j^^,^ ^^ Thornbrough, Yeom. 

Richard Briggs of Upsall, Yeom. 

Cuthbert Tunstall of Nether Siiton, Gen. 

John Pinkney of the same. Gen. 

Henry Dinmore of Sowerby, Gen. 

Thomas Moor of Angram, Gen. 

William Dale of Coxwold, Yeom. 

Thomas Dale of Nowbrough, Yeom. 

William Mitchell of tlie same, Gen. 

John Smith of Oulston, Yeom. 

Francis Kirke of Kilbourne, Yeom. 

John Dale of Keswick, Yeom. 

Edward Dan by of Barroby, Yeoir. 

Thomas Danby senr. of the siiiue, Yeom. 

Thomas Danby junr. of the same, Yeoin. 

Christopher Danby of the same, Yeora. 

Richard Burgess of the same, Yeom. 

Henry Webster of Knagton, Yeom. 

Peter Barker of the same, Yeom. 

John Parvin of the same Yeom. 

Thomas Parvin of the same Yeom. 

John Bussey of the same, Yeora. 

Christopher Pibus of the same, Yeom 

Robert Wood of the same, Yeom. 

Roger Meynelt of Kilvington, Esqfe. ' 

Adam Dale of the same, Yeom. 

Thomas Sampson of the same, Yeom. 

Richard Gowland of the same, Yeom. 

Anthony Whitfield of the same, Yeom. 

Thomas Dale of Thornton le Street, Yeom. 

William Jackson of the same, Yeora. 

William Rowtl^ss of the same Yeom. 

Richard Cowanl of the same, YeOm. 

John Mayes of Yarme, Esqre. 

Francis Welfitt of High Worsnll, Yeom. 

Richard Dalton of the i^aine, Yeom. 

Richard Beil of the same, Yeom. 

William BeU of Girsby, Yeom. 

William Nesham of Upper Dinsdale, Yeom. 

Marmaduke Palmer of Hntton Bonvill, Yeom. 

Laurence Dal ten of High Worsall, Yeom. 
Hang West Mr. George Reynoldson of Bainbridge. 
Weupentake. JqI^ Xodd of the same. 

Dorothy Blaids of the same. 

M S 


MSB. OF Sir w. Margaret Walker of Askr'ulge. 

FiTZHBBBEBT. Grcorge Kirklcj of D jwnholrae. 

James Alcock o( the same. 

Mr. John Coates senr. of East Witton. 

John Coates junr. of the same. 

William Staveley of the same. 

William Staveley j unr. of the same. 

John Staveley of the same. 

William Fetch of the same. 

George Pearson of the same. 

William AUer of the same. 

Henry Fetch of the same. 

Edward Staveley of the same. 

Marmaduke Grainger of Grinton. 

John Fetch of Burton Constable. 

Mr. John Reynoldson of Ley bourne. 

James Allen of the same. 

Edward Holmes of the same. 

Francis Dent of the same. 

Feter Blenkinson of the same. 

Thomas Edmondson of the same. 

George Allen of the 3ame. 

Greorge Brown of Midleham. 

Matthew Straker of the same. 

Eichard Holmes of the same. 

Christopher Stracher of the same. 

Simon Scroope, Esqr. of Thornton Steward, 

Mr. Christopher Scroope of the same. 

Mr. James AUer of the same. 

Henry Homer of the same. 

William Cooper of the same. 

John Milborne of the same. 

Robert Marwood of the same. 

John Cooper of the same. 

William Wetherall of Belerby. 

Robert Weatherell of the same. 

Christopher Dane of Wensley. 

Christopher Dane junr. of the same. 

Matthew Bell of the same* 

Edward Harrison of the same. 

Charles Robinson of the same. 

John Robinson of the same. 

Mr. Michael Errington of the same. 

Mr. Thomas Errington of the same. 

Mr. Anthony Metcalfe of the same. 

Simon CoUyer of the same. 

Jeremiah Day of the same. 
Gillmg West George Meynell senr. of Aldbrough, Esqre. 
[Wapentake.] George Meynell junr. of the same, Esqre. 

Robert Walker senr. of the same. 

Robert Walker junr. of the same. 

Joseph Griffin of the same. 

Robert Shaw of Newsham. 

Henry Thompson of the same. 

Robert Smithson of the same. 

John Thompson of the same. 

William Appleton of the same. 


Cbr. Hamon of the same. KSS. op Sib W. 

Thomas Wiseman of Kirkeby Ravensworth. Pitictbbbbt. 

Anthony Rieliardson of the same. 

Thomas Wilson of Kirkby Hill. 

Mr. Robert CoUingwood of Barnlngham. 

Marke Berry of Forcett. 

Robert Berwick of the same. 

Bryan Moor of Hartforth. 

GTeorge Kearton of Muker. 

John Kearton senr. of t!ie same. 

John Kearton junr. of the snme. 

James Miller of the same. 

Simon Miller of the same. 

Ralph Lomas of Reeth. 

John Kearton of the same. 

William Robinson of the same. 

Daniel Close of the same. 

James Barningham senr. of Arkengarthdale. 

James Barningham junr. of the same. 

Luke Barningham of the same. 

Joseph Barningham of the same. 

John Barningham of the same. 

Anthony Barningham of the same. 

Joseph Hamond of the same. 

Michael Hamond of the same. 

Christopher Barningham of the same. 

John Barningham junr. of the same. 

Christopher Barningham junr. of the same. 

Ralph Milner of the same. 

William Hutchinson of Melsonby. 

Thomas Mayor of Lartington, Esqr. 

Laurence Hodgson of the same. 

Henry Boldron of Latons. 

John Allen of the same. 

William Loftus of the same. 

William Pearaon of the same. 

Thcmas Clayton of the same. 

John Witham senr. of Cliff Esqre. 

John Witham junr. of the same. 

William Witham of the same Esqre. 

Ralph Perk in of the same. 

John Musgi-ave of the same. 

Robert Dale of Hut ton. 

Robert Atkinson of the same. 

John Kipling of the same. 

Thomas Wilson of Ovington. 

Marke Apleby of the same. 

Mr. William Lidell of Thorpe. 

Marmaduko Tunstill of the same, Esqre. 

Marmaduke Wilson of the same. 

James Dobson of Epleby. 

James Foster of the same. 

Thomas Fowler of the same. 

William Fowler of the same. 

Thomas Maltus of Marrick. 

John Maltus of the same. 

Gabriel Appleby of Dalton. 


MSB. ov Bib vt. Paul Maltus of tbe same. 

riTZMRBERT. Mattliew Patlison of the same. 

Langbonigh. William Cliappelow of the same. 
Weapentake. William Knaggs seor. of Skellon. 

AVilliam Knaggs jiinr. of the same. 

John Knaggs of the same. 

Zachary Moor of Colthouse, Esqre. 

Martin Adamson of the same. 

Ireorge Adamson of the same. 
• Thomas Taylor senr. of Moorsholme. 

Thomas Taylor junr. of the same. 

John Taylor of the same. 

George Easton of Gisbrough. 

Francis Snawdon or Commondale. 

John Snawdon of Westerdale. 

Christopher Duck of the same. 

John Duck of Danby. 

George Holiest senr. of the same. 

George Holiest junr. of the same. 

Robert Suggitt of the same. 

John Ward of the same. 

Henry Harrison of Glaisdale. 

Thomas Garbutt of the same. 

John Knaggs of Ugthorpe. 

William Hodgson of the same. 

John Dale of the same. 

Gabriel Dale of the same. 

Christopher Knaggs of the same. 

Robert Atkinson of the same. 

William Stangbow of the same. 

Thomas Hodgson of the same. 

John Hodgson of the same. 

Andrew Towsey of the same. 

Zacharj Garbutt of the same. 

Paul Snawdon of the same. 

John Mercer of the same. 

Peter Garbutt of the saiue. 

Michael Snawdon of the sam'e^ 

John Wilks of Egton. 

George Wilks of the same. 

William Wilks of the same. 

Kichard Harland of the same. 

John Harrison of the same. 

Thomas White of the same. 

William Harrison of the same. 

John White of the same. 

George White of the same. 

William Barton of the same. 

William Beane senr. of the same. 

William Beane junr. of the same. 

Israel Baw of the same. 

William Lowson of the same. 

John Lowson of tbe same. 

George White junr. of the same. 

Francis Pcirson senf. of Egton. 

Francis Peirson junr. of the same. 

John Ly th of the same. 


William Lavecock of the same. Msg. op Sib w. 

William Snawdon of the same. Witemxrhert, 

William White senr. of the same. 

Christopher White of the same. 

Kalph White of the same. 

Francis White of the same. 

Matthew Raw of the same. 

Henry Lawson ot the same. 

Michael Raw of the same. 

Thomas Harland of the same. 

George Barker cf the same. 

William Smith of the same. 

Richard Harland seur. of the same. 

Richard Harland junr. of the snma. 

Thomas White of the same. 

Thomas Lavecock of the same. 

William Constant of the same. 

Francis Harland of the same. 

John Constant senr. of the same. 

John Constant jum*. of the same. 

Matthew Beane of the same. 

John Rol insoii of the same. 

John Hutchinson of the same. 

Francis Thorpe of the same. 

Thomas Shaw of the same. 

Richard Smith of the same. 

Robert Hill of the same. 

Stephen Wilson of the same. 

William White junr. of the same, 

William Stephenson of Barnbj. 

William Dale of Mickleby. 

John Untbank of Eilerby. 

John Coale of Staythes. 

John Gamett of Easington. 

James Hall of Low Worsall. 

Anthony Hoggard of the same. 

Thomas Hoggard of the same. 

Cornelius Coale of Stajthes. 

William Pearson of Stokesley, Esqre. 

Christopher Peart of the same, Gen. 

William Burne of the same. 

Jame Kirby of the same. 

Robert Mason of the same. 

fTohn Fisher of Yarme. 

John Grayson of the same. 

John Mayes Esqre. of the Fryeridge neare Yarme. 

William Grayson of Yarme. 

William Simpson of the same. 

Lionel Slator of the same. 

William Allyson of the same. 

William Wattson of the same. 

Joshua Smith of tbe same. 

Mrs. Mary Taylor of Busby. 

William Passman of Crathorne. 

John Comeforth of the same. 

Ralph Wellfitt of the same. 

Robert Mennill sei^r. of the same. 


MS8. OP Sir w. Robert Mennill junr. of the same. 

FiTZHEKBERT. j^y^^ Wellfitt ot the saTce. 

John Passman of the same. 

Hugh Sa} er of Riidby. 

John Saver of the same. 

Alban Sayer of the same. 

Thomas Sayer of the snme. 

Thomas Midleton of Midleton. 

John Sayer of Castle Leavington. 

Thomas Bell of Pickton. 

Thomas Bell of Appleton. 

Stephen Tiplady senr. of Hilton. 

Stephen Tiplady junr. of the same. 

John Calvert of the same. 

Thomas Darnell of the same. 

Ralph Grainger of Ormesby. 
Bulmer Ralph Reynold of St. Mary Gate, 

Weapentake. John -Bell of the same. 

John Robinson of Wigginton. 

William Salvin of Easingwould, Gen. 

John Hardcastle of the same. 

William Hall of Linton. 

John Hall of the same. 

Anthony Hunt of the same. 

Andrew Chambers of the same. 

Thomas Chambers of the same. 

Ralph Hall of the same. 

Henry Hunt of the same. 

Thomas Hunt senr. of the same. 

John Nehon of the same. 

Thomas Hunt junr. of the same. 

Edward Munday of Cornelirough. 

Thomas Clarke of Whenby. 

Thomas Sturdy of the same. 

William Leach of the same. 

Francis Hornsey of the same. 

Thomas White of the same. 

John Scott of the same. 

William Crag<?s of the same. 

Thomas Cholmley of Bransby, E.-'qre. 

George Wilson of the same. 

Francis Cholmley of Bransby in Srearsby, Gent. 

James Atkinson of the same. 

George Jackson of the same. 

William Hard wick of the same. 

John Ward of the same. 

George Speed of the same. 

Thomas Wilkinson of the same. 

George Wilkinson of the same. 

Edward Belwood of the same. 

Matfhew Crosby of the same. 

Timothy Taylor of the same. 

William Hornsey of Skewsby. 

Thomas Corneforth of the same. 

Francis Turner of the same. 

George Turner of the same. 

Nicholas Turner of the same. 


Michael Roiltkless of the same. j^gg ^^ gj^^ ^ 

William Rouckless of the same. Fitzhbebbet. * 

Thomas Smith of Tirrington. 
William Thwing of Heworth, Gen. 
Richard Frankland of Farlington. 
Joseph Frankland of the same. 
JurdoD Sturdy of the same. 
Phillip Kendall of Welbumo. 

Rydale Charles Lord Fairfax of Gilling, Papist. 

Weapentke. Christopher Simpson of Grathland, Yeom. 

LythTDd * '^^^^ Ncssfield of Eskdaleside, Tanner. 

Whitby Henry Pearson of Whitby, Yeom. 


These persons befoi*e named were convicted as Popish recusants att 
the generall Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden at Thirske the tenth 
day of April in the second year of the reigne of his Sovei'aigne Lord 
King George in pursuance of an Act of Parliament passed in the first 
year of his Majestie's reigne in titled an Act for the further security of 
his Majestie's Person and Government aud the Succession of the Crown 
m the heirs of the late Princess Sophia being Protestants and for 
extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales and his open 
and secrett abettors. 

LlaDg East William Thwaites of Cattherick. 
Weapentake. Mr. Heddon of Bedale. 

Anthony Metcalfe of the same. 

William Grainge of the same. 

John Robinson of the same. 

Richard Metcalfe of the same. 

William Grainge of the same. 

Miles Lodge of Brompton. 

John Adamson of Swinton. 

Henry Jackson of the same. 

William Pickersgill of the same. 

Chnstopher Tideman of Moulton. 

William Smithson of Newsham. 

Robert Shaw of the same. 

These persons last named were convicted as Popish recusants att the 
generall Quarter Sessions of the Peace holden att Thirske the fourth 
day of Aprill in the seventh yeare of her late Majesty Queen Ann. 

This is a true coppy of all the Popish recusant convict wittness my 
hand and seal this l7th day of December 1717. 


J. A. Bennett. 



These papers relating to the Delaval family who were the former 
owners of Seaton Delaval in Northumberland, are now in the posses- 
sion of Mr. John Robinson of Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

Some of the most interesting of the letters calendared, were 
written by and to Captain George Delaval, about the beginning of the 
18th century. They refer principally to naval matters, particularly 
with reference to the Moors and their Chnstian captives* The detailed 
instnictions given to Captain Delaval by Sir George Aylmer in 
November 1698 (p. 3) may especially be noted. There are some 
amusing letters from Foote, the actor, to John Delaval, giving the 
theatrical gossip of the day ; and a letter from Mrs. Astley to her sister 
Mrs. Delavul (p. 15) shews the interest taken by the public in the 
Duchess of Hamilton, one of the beautiful Miss Gunnings, and the 
excitement which her appearance created everywhere. 

DslivalMSS. Francis, Eabl of Cumberland to Sib William Fenwick, Sir 
~*~ Georgb Selbt, and Sir Ralph Delaval, Deputy Lieutenants 

for Northumberland and Newcastlft-on-Tyne. 

1611, November 6. Londesborough. — Sending them letters of depu- 
tation for the lieutenancy of the county. Signed, 


1611, December 20. — ^A list of the names of gentlemen of Northum- 
berland \o whom privy seals were directed for the loan of money to the 

Francis, Earl op Cumberland to Sir John Fenwick, Sir Ralph 
Dklaval, and the rest of the Deputy Lieutenants for Northum- 

1627, April 15. Londesborough.-^Concerning the exercise and 
training of the Northern Counties according to the model appointed for 
the rest of the Kingdom. . Copy. 

R. Delaval to his father, Sir Ralph Delaval, at Seaton DelavaL 

[16]74, June 13. Paris. — I have written to you almost every post 
but have not had the least line from you, which makes me fear that you 
have- forgot me, as well as the rest of my friends. In my last I gave 
yOu an account of my ill condition which is every day worse by my own 
folly and my wife's great unkindness; but I may find a way to be even 
with her yet. If I could come home without money I would, but that 
is imj:ossible, for I may as well starve here as anywhere. 

There is no news here but of the great action at Besan^on, which 
the King hag taken. The French confess the loss of 3000 men. Since 
then he has taken Dole in eight days, where he lost, as they confess, 
2000 men. He is now going for Flanders, and intends to sit down 
before Brussels. 

J. G to Sir Ralph Delaval, in Northumberland. 

1681, September 9. The Hague.— Lady Elizabeth Delaval has 
turned me away from her service. She has gone to Scotland and before 


she went, she made her will, and made it so that your family shall have Dmlatal mss. 
no benefit. Sir Harry Bellairs is her chief adviser and was witness to ^ 

her will and said " Your Ladyship does nothing but what is just. Sir 
Ealph is fool and knave, governed by his sot wife." 

Emanuel Blakb to his uncle [Frakcis Blake]. 

1682, August 29. London. — The Duchess of York is brought to bed 
of a daughter, which is a baulk to expectation. 

The Same to the Same, at Ford Castle near Berwick-on-Tweed. 
1G82, September 12. London. — Concerning an apprentice. SigneL 

H. Duke of Newcastle to [Sir Ralph Delaval ?]. 

[16]82, November 2. Welbeck. — I do wonder the Romanists will 
appear in public places. I am a friend to many of them, but I shall 
never be of their religion. Since you mention Mr. Howard, I acquaint 
you, upon Lord Carlisle's wish, that I have written to Lord Halifax to 
desire that he may be this year sheriff. 

'< My daughter Albemarle haveing violent fitts of the mother, trobles 
me exceedingly." 

Emanuel Blake to his uncle, Francis Blake, at Ford Castle. 

1682, November 25. London. — Congratulating him upon the ap- 
proaching marriage of his daughter Eleanor. Signet. 


[c. 1683.] — Essays on the History of the House of Nassau, Princes 
of Orange, and Foimders of the Common wealtli of the United Provinces. 
Probably translated from Sir Aubreg du Maurier't Mennnres pour 
servir a Vhistoire de Holland. See *^ Notes and Queries" November 9, 


Sib F. Blake to his sod, Fbancis Blake, at Ford Castle. 

[16] 84, April 10. — A letter of condolence upon a death in his family. 

Postscript, — ^ Your brother is well. Wee ordered your sister to 
invite severall praying friends to meet togeatker to give thancks to our 
good God for hearing our prayers for his wife's restoration to healthy 
and to give 5/. to the poore, which was done last weeke." 


1696[-7], January 24. — A list of fee-farm rents in Northumberland 
given to the Merchant Adventurers of Bristol, incorporated by Edward 
Colston for the maintenance of twenty-four poor people in an almshouse 
built there by him. The yearly total is 237/. 3*. 4d. 


[1698, August 1.] — A list of the persons who voted at the election 
for Blake, Ogle, and Hutchinson. 


1698, August 4;— -A HM of the persons who voted at Alnwick at the 
election of the knights of the shire, for Sir John Delaval, Sir Edward 
Blackett, and William Forster. 

■ 188 

Delaval mss. Admiral Matthew Aylmer, Commander-in-chief of the ships in the 

Mediterranean to Captain Delaval, in command of the Covdntry. 

1698, November 20. Aboard the Boyne in Cadiz Bay. — Whereas I have 
appointed you with Captain Watkins to treat with the Alcaidat Tangier. 
You are hereby directed and required together with the said Captain to 
go on board the Medway in order to proceed and go ashore at Tangier. 
Upon your arrival and communicatioJi with the Alcaid you are to talk 
with him equally, both of a peace and the redemption of our captives, 
but not to conclude anything. 

You are to know the chief end for which you are sent is the redemp- 
tion, that of a peace being only a pretence, supposing they will not talk 
of one without the other; but if they will enter into a negotiation about 
the redemption without treating ab^ut a peace you are to proceed that 

If the Alcaid should press for a peace before the redemption, you are 
to seem to put it off, giving him reasons to this purpose, as, how can a 
peace be sincere at the same time our people remain in slavery, and that 
there is no possibility of an agreement without the redemption. 

If it should be desired of you to go to Mahoni, you must tell him 
your orders go no further, and if he seems earnest for it you must write 
to me for leave. 

You must press him with as much gentleness as you can, continuing 
stiff to your points, but not in a heat, to come to a speedy conclusion, 
and the lowest that they will take for each man. For other points, as 
the letting him know the strength we shall have constantly in these 
parts, with that we shall have in England at sea and land, with the 
great power and riches of our country, that is left to you ; only I will 
give you the following caution, that the Moors will have a great opinion 
of you the closer you keep to your point, but not so as to give them 
distoste, as I said before. 

It will not be amiss that you tell the Alcaid the great opinion I have 
of him, chiefly for his kindness to our nation, or anything that may 
make him more earnest in our service. You may also say that notwith- 
standing other nations had gone by other hands to treat, yet I was 
resolved to do it only by his, or anything to this effect. 

If he happens to ask about the siege of Ceuta, or whether we were 
to send any troops there, you are to say in general terms that all things 
of that kind are lawful in war, but that you were not well informed in 
that affair, telling it in such a manner as may leave it in doubt. 

If it happens in discourse so as it may properly be brought in, j'ou 
may say that the last news brought me an account of seventeen men- 
of-war more, coming here^ and that all ships have soldiers. Let this 
rather be diawn from you. 

I shall send a ship every four or five days to Tangier for letters. 
You are to let the Alcaid know that he will be gratified if our captives 
are redeemed, and you are to tell the same to Hodge Lucas his secre 

You are to get all the information you can from the English and 
French merchants at Tetuan and Tangier. 

In your discourse with the Alcaid you are to bring in that I hare 
cleared ten sail of ships, of which three are gone cruising in the Straits, 
the rest you do not know where. 

If you send me any letters you must take care of writing what is not 
proper for them to know. 

Yoju must take all the care imaginable to find if they trifle with yon, 
in which case you must ask for leave to return ; and you must propose 


this whenever you think he has no more to say, observing as near as Dblaval mbs. 
you can how far his power extends, which you may by your delay, for 
then doubtless ho sends to Mahoni. 

You are to let me know when you are ready to return, that I may 
send the Medway for you. Signed. 

The French Protestants at Miquemes to [Captain George 
Delaval] Ambassador from England. 

1699, October 7-1 7. Miquemes. — Petitioning him to obtain their 
freedom from slavery by allowing them to pass as British subjects, 

Tertius Spencer to George Delaval. 

1700, July 5. Cadiz. — Concerning the redemption of captives from 
the Moors. Five pages. 

The Same to the Same, in Gerrard Street, Loudon. 

1700, July 19. Cadiz. — Condoling with him on the death of his 
bi;other James, and concerning negotiations for raising the siege of 

The Same to the Same. 

1700, October 1. Teluan. — Concerning the raising of the siege of 
Ceuta, and the redemption of the captives. 

Captain Delaval to his brother, Edward Delaval, of South 


1700, October 13. London. — Concerning their brother James's 

Francis Blake to his son [in-law], Edward Delaval, at South 

Dissington, near Newcastle. 

1701, March 25. London. — ^My wife and I have been several times 
to see a " fly a bed '* and they make nothing of asking 60/. to 80/. for 
a bed at the first rate, which I think very unreasonable. The Act of 
Parliament causes the high rate upon silks. In order therefore not to 
disappoint you, my wife is willing to give you damask bed at Ford. 

Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, Sir Nathan Wright, the 
Earl of Pembroke, the Dukes of Devonshire and Somerset, 
the Earl of Jersey, and Lord GoDOLPHI^ to Captain %eorge 
Delaval, commanding the Tilbury* 

1701, August 14. Whitehall. — You are with all convenient expedi- 
tion to repair with the ship under your command to Tangier; and 
whereas there is a provision made of gunlocks, powder and other things 
for the redemption of his Majesty's subjects in Barbary, you are, with 
all expedition, to redeem those now in captivity in Fez and Morocco, 
or as many of them as you can. You shall deliver the present for the 
King of Fez and Morocco and you shall let the King know of his 
Majesty's intention to continue in friendship and good correspondence 
with him, and accordingly you are to endeavour to renew the truce now 
subsisting, for one year at least. Signed, Seal, Countersigned by 
James Vernon. 


Delatal mss. The French Protestants and others, at Miquemes,' to [Captain ' ^ 
"■^ George Delaval] Ambassador from Engldfid. 

1701, December 18. Miquemes. — Petitioning him to obtain their 
freedom from slavery. 

Tertius Spencer to George Delaval, Ambassador from his Majestj 
of Great Britain, on board the Tilbury, in the bay of Tangier. 

1701, December 19. Tetnan. — Sending a letter for Mr. i?ackep and 
hoping that his chest of plate and other things would be sent on board 
by the next day. Signed, 

Tertius Spencer to Anthony Packer, in Cadia. 

1701, Pecember 19. Tetuan. — Giving details concerning the 
negotiations being carried on between the Alcaid and the English 

Captain George Delaval. 

[1702.] — An account of his negotiations as ambassador from the Qaeen 
of Great Britain to the Emperor of Morocco. 


1702, August 27. — ^A list of the persons who voted at Morpeth at 
the election, for Emanuel How, Sir John Delaval, and Richard 

Tertius Spencer to George Delayal, in Cadiz. 

1702 [-3], February 28. Tetuan. — Concerning the negotiations for 
the redemption of the captives, which had been suspended. 

Sir Francis Blake to his daughter, Madaji Dflaval, at South 


1705, September 13. Coggs.-:— On private affkirs. Mentions his 
daughters Dalston, and Kennedy. 

[Captain George Delaval.] 

1705-6, March 3»-— At a council of war held on board the flag ahip 
Ranelaghy at sea. Present Sir John Leake, Admiral Wasenaer and 
seven captains, English and Dutch. 

Whereas it was resolved at a council of war of the 19th of February 
to detach as many ships as could be spared, to" endeavour to m^et with 
and convoy the Brazil fleets, after the expedition to Cadiz was ^yer,- 
which being unsuccessfully attempted by the galleons getting fo aea 
before we could get to that place, and having followed them 'Without 
success, and it likewise being considered that the Pembroke^ Leopard^ 
Garland, and Roebuck, which were intended with four of the States 
General ships to go upon the aforesaid service, were not ready to nul 
when we lelt Lisbon and were ordered to join us off Cape Spartel or at 
Gibraltar, to which place in all possibility they are gone ; it is resolved 
that we cannot come to any resolution therein till these four ships have 
joined us. 


Jahes Welwood to Sib Francis Blake, at Coggs near Witney in dmlatal MSSi 


17G7, April 17. — Informing him that his son-in-lnw Treranion was 
very angry at not being paid the 500/. which had been promised, and 
that he must expect the worst if he did not pay. Signed, 

James Bobebtson to Sib Francis Blake. 

1707, May 28. Ford. — ^I ara come to acquaint you that Her 
Majesty's interest is much neglected because the Boman Catholics meet 
in several places within my parish of Kyloe (Keylo) with coaches and 
horses of a considerable value. Wherefore I pray and beseech you to 
grant me a warrant to seize upon their horses and arms, or otherwise 
give you reason to the contrary. 

J. Chetwtnd to [Gboboe ?] Dblaval. 
1709, November 23, s,n, Turin. — On private affairs. 


1709, — An account of a tour in Italy. Forty -one page$. 

KoBERT Blake to his father, Sib Francis Blake, at Coggs. 

1710, November 13. London. — If you will send my sister Trevanion 
any of your country rarities I shall, partake of them. A villainous 
popish priest contrived my brother Nugent's will, and he was persuaded 
by a scandalous^ broken captain to execute it. My service to my sistei* 

The Earl op Dartmouth to [Captain George] Delaval. 

1 7 1 1 , July 1 0. Whitehall . — ^I send you a copy of a mem orial presented 
to the Queen by Don Luis, wherein he desires a powerful squadron 
may be immediately ordered to Brazil to make head against the enemy 
who he supposed were gone that way; but you will represent to the 
King of Portugal, how impracticable it is for her Majesty to comply 
with this request before she is informed what force the King himself is 
providing for this service, and by what time the ships of the States will 
be ready to join them, their High and Mightinesses being equally obliged 
by treaty to protect the Portuguese dominions in America; and that no 
time be lost, her Majesty has already directed her ministers at the 
Hague to concert proper measures for tlie defence of Brazil or the 
recovery of any place there that may happen to be taken. 

The Queen is further pleased to order that you acquaint his Porta- 
guese Majesty in the strongest terms that are consistent with decency^ 
the just reasons her Majesty has to be uneasy at the present manage- 
ment of the war on that side, that after so vast an expense to her 
Majesty and her people, and when we have so great a superiority over 
the enemy both by the goodness and number of our troops, no use 
should be made of it, nor any design formed for the advantage of the 
common cause upon which the security of Portugal seems so much to 
depend. You will urge this as far as possibly you can, and let his 
Majesty know it is still hoped the season is not so far spent but some- 
thing may be yet undertaken for the interest of the alliance and that 


DiLATAL MSS. sucli fi^ift tvoofM wiU not be suiFei-ed to waste wiiliout being employed. 


Sir J. LiiAKB, Sir G. Byno, and Sir Gf.orgb Clarke to the 

Earl of Dartmouth. 

lTll-12, March 7. Admiralty Office. — We will send orders to Rear 
Admiral Baker when he proceeds to the King of Portugal's Brazil fleet, 
to see the ships bound for the East Indies into the latitude of the 
Western Isles, and that if the Brazil fleet arrives at Lisbon before he 
sails, that then he is to consult with the Queen's envoy there, and see 
the aforesaid East India fleet into the sea. Signed. 

The Earl op Dartmouth to [Captain George] Delaval. 

1711-12, March 11. Whitehall. — The enclosed letter from the 
Lords of the Admiralty will show you the directions that have been 
given here for the security of the Portuguese East India fleet and for 
bringing their Bahia trade safe home. When much care is taken by the 
Queen to protect their ships, it would be very hard for them to be at 
the same time inventing new methods for interrupting the commerce of 
her subjects, and I hope you will be able to press this argunaent so as to 
divert them from these unjust projects. No strangers pay here to the 
militia, and I believe it would be very hard to find a precedent in any 
country for the duties they would now extort from British merchants 
at Oporto. Signed. 

The Earl of Dartmouth to [Captain George] Delaval. 

1712, June 24. Whitehall. — The Queen having given direction that 
the London News, published by authority, should hereafter be written 
with as great care as possible, I am to desire you to transmit to my 
office by every post an account of such occurrences together with all 
printed papers, as you judge may afford proper matter for the Gazette. 

The Queen to John, Kjng op Portugal. 

1712, November 6. Windsor. — Congratulating him on the birth of 
his son. Sign Manual. Latin. 

J. BuRCHETT to Captain George Delaval. 

1712, November 20. Admiralty Office. — I send you herewith orders 
to the captain of the Royal Ann, galley, at Port Mahon to cruize 
against the rovere of Scilly. If you shall find the people of Scilly have 
committed acts of hostility^ or that there is any obstruction to the 
renewing the truce on the part of the Emperor of Morocco, so that you 
shall judge it necessary to send the said order forward to the captain of 
Royal Ann, you will do so, otherwise you will return the same to me. 

fT. BuRCHETT to Captain George Delaval, Envoy Extraordinary to 

the King of Portugal, at Lisbon. 

1712-13, January 9. Admiralty Office. — Enclosing a packet to be 
forwarded to Captain Trevor, commander of the Royal Ann, at Gibraltar* 


The Commissioners of the Navy to [Captain George Delaval]. Delavalmss. 

1712-3, January 30. — Enclosing an extract from a letter of the 
officers of Lisbon complaining that thej could not get their stores from 
the Samuel, merchantman, without paying the customs duty on them. 
Copy. Extract. 

J. BuRCHETT to Captain George Delaval, at Lisbon. 

1713, July 27. Admiralty Office. — Enclosing important despatches 
for Captain Padden of the Ruby, at Gibraltar, and Captain O'Brien of 
the Success, storeship, at Lisbon. 

J. Fowler to Captain George Delaval, Envoy at Lisbon. 

1713, August 27. Admiralty Office. — Sending instructions to Captain 
Padden of the Ruby, about the supply of the ships under his command 
with wine and oil. Signed, 

Lord Guilford, Philip Meadows, and Thomas Vernon to 

[Captain George Delaval]. 

1713, September 18. Whitehall. — Her Majesty having appointed uj 
her Commissioners of Trade, we find it necessary to have Ihe Portugal 
book of rates, the Pragmaticas, and other orders relating to trade. 

J. Burciiett to Lieutenant Francis Delaval, at Wills's Coffee 

House, at Scotland Yard Gate. 

17 14 [-5], March 7. Admiralty Office. — Conveying to him permission 
to retire i'rom the Navy on half pay. Signed, 

The Earl of Carlisle to Captain George Delaval. 

[1715,] November 27. Castle How. — Promising his support to the 
candidature of Francis Delaval, as against Mr. Douglas, for the seat 
vacated by Mr. Forster in the county of Northumberland. 

Francis Delaval to his father, Edward Delaval, at Newcastle-on- 


1717, December 17. London. — They talk here of a reconciliation 
between the King and Prince and 1 hope it is true. 

Sir George Byng to . 

1718, August. — Giving an account of the engagement between the 
English and Spanish fleets off Cape Passero on July 31, 1718, and 
enclosing a copy of Captain Walton's letter from Syracuse dated 
August 6, 1718. Copy, 

Francis Blake Delaval to his father, Edward Delaval, at 


1719, March 26. London. — The Admiralty have this day givan me 
a comniission to command the Gosport a new forty gun ship. She is 
lit Deptford and I shall go down on Saturday to put her in commission. 

E 64159. N 


Dblaval MSB. \ye are expecting every day to hear of the Spanish fleet on our coast^ 
and there is a report to-day of their being seen off the western coast, but 
I hope Sir John Norris will meet with them. 

The Commissioners of the AnMiRALxr to Captain Delaval, 

Commander of the Gospprt. 

1719, April 14. — Directing him to repair with his ship to Longreach 
and thence, having taken on board ammunition and stores, to make "his 
way to the Nore and there to press as many men as he could to complete * 
his complement. JFhur signatures. 

The Same to the Same, at Longreach. 

1719, April 22. — Directing him to join the Bldeford at her cruising 
station off Inverness and to act under her commander's instructions, 
to prevent the enemy from landing any troops thereabouts. Four 

The Same to the Same, at the Nore. 

1719, April 23. — Directing him to search all ships he shall meet with 
on his way to North Britain ; and in case he shall find that the enemy 
have seized Inverness, he is to assist the King's land forces towards 
recovering it. Five signatures. 

J. BuRCiiETT to Captain Del aval, at Inverness. 

1719, April 27. Admiralty Office. — Sending him the proclamation 
for the apprehension of James Butler, late Duke of Ormond, and other 
attainted persons, and directing him to search all ships he got sight of, 
for the late Earl of Mar. Signed. 

Captain Francis Blake Del aval to his father, Edward Del aval. 

I7l9, May 15. Cromartie Harbour. — [ am but just come to anchor here. 
The rebels with the Spaniards that are landed are but twelve hundred in 
all, as they tell us here, and our forces at Inverness will be as manj! as 
they in three or four days. The rebels were by the last accounts about 
forty miles from Inverness, so that I hope there is not much to be 
apprehended from them. 

Pray my love to Nanny and my compliments to my aunt, and to 
cousin Hebdon, and Mamma. 

The Commissioners of the Admiralty to Captain Delaval, 
Commander of the Gosport, at Inverness. 

1719, May 22. — Directing him to repair to Sunderland and to take on 
board as many " keel men " as the magistrates there and at Newcastle 
could supply him with, and then to report himself at the Nore. Three 

The Same to the Same, at Sunderland. 

1719, June 3. — Directing him not to impress any " keel men " who 
had submitted and were willing to return to their work. Three 


The Same to the Same, in Sunderland Road. Delatal MSS. 

1719, June 10. — Directing him, in consequence of the disturbances 
among the " keel men " on the rivers Wear and Tyne being appeased, 
to return and report himself at the Nore. Three signatures, 

J. BuRCHETT to Captain Del aval, at the Noi-e. 

1719, June 26. Admiralty Office. — Application having been made 
to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty by the Muscovia Com- 
pany for a convoy to see their ships, bound to Revel, Narva, Viborg, 
and Petersburg, in safety, in regard that it will be otherwise imprac- 
ticable for them to proceed on their voyage, they having received advice 
of an English ship bound to Petersburg being taken, carried up to 
Stockholm and actually condemned, and that the English merchants 
residing there apprehend the free trade to the parts conquered from 
Sweden is granted only to the Hollanders ; I am commanded to signify 
to you their Lordships directions that you take under your care when 
you proceed to Riga with the trade bound thither, all such merchant 
ships as shall tlien be joined to you, bound to the said ports of Revel, 
Narva, Viborg, and Petersburg, but before you proceed as high as Riga 
you are to apply to Sir John Norris to let him know these instructtons, 
so that he may take such measures as he may think proper. Signed. 

The Commissioners of the Admiralty to Captain Delaval, 
Commander of the Gosport, at the Nore. 

1719, June 26. — Informing him that his ship had been appointed to 
be convoy to the merchant ships bound for Riga for stores for the navy, 
and directing him to take under his charge all merchant ships at the 
Nore or in Yarmouth Roads bound for the Baltic. He was to remain at 
Riga thirty days, and then to return with such ships as might be ready 
to sail. Three signatures. 

J. BuRCriETT to Captain Delaval, Commander of the Gosport, at 

Long Rbacd. 

1719, December 2. Admiralty Office. — Giving him leave from the 
Commissioners of the Admiralty to come to town on private affairs. 

J. BuRCiiETT to Captain Blake Delaval, Commander of the Gosport, 

at Deptford. 

1719-20, January 18. Admiralty Office. — Directing him, on behalf 
of the Commissioners of the Admiralty, to use his best endeavours to 
enter volunteers to make his ship's complement. Signed. 

The Commissioners of the Admiralty to Captain Blake Dejlaval, 

Commander of the Gosport. 

1719[-20], January 26. — Directing him to repair as soon as possible 
to Galleons Reach and having taken in there |n;uns and powder, to 
proceed to the Nore. Three signatures. 

Sir Joun Norbis, Admiral of the Blue, to Captain Delaval. 

1719-20, February 20. — ^Directing him to use his utmost diligence 
to get his ship in readiness for sea so that not a moment be last, and 

N 2 


Dblava-l MSS. when she should be ready, to proceed to the Downs and put in execu- 
tion his former orders, talking care to send an account of his proceedings 
to the Admiralty and himself. Signed and altered. 


Thomas Swanton and six otiiers to Captain Francis Br.AKK 


l7l9[-20]5 February 27. Navy Oflice. — Informing him that orders 
had been given to supply the Gosport with surgeon's necessaries an 1 a 
copper ketile. Signed. 

Sir John Norris, Commander in chief in the Baltic, to Captain 

Delaval, in Galleons Reach. 

1719-20, February 28. —Informing him that a suspension of arms 
had been agreed upon between the King and the King of Spain, and 
had been signed on the 18th instant, whereby it was agreed that all 
ships and goods sliould be restored which might he taken in the Baltic 
and Northern seas to Cape St. Vincent after twelve days from the day 
of signing, after six weeks from Cape St. Vincent to the equinoctial line, 
and in all the seas in the world after six months from the date of the 
convention. Sig?ied. 

The Commissioners of the Admiralty to Captain Blake Delaval, 

Commander of the Gosport. 

1720, April 7. — Directing him to repair to the Nore, with his ship, 
without loss of time. Three Signatures. 

The Same to the Same, Commander of the Worcester ^ at Long 


1720, December 6. — Directing him to discharge his guns and powder 
at Deptford and then to give such of his ship's company as shall desire 
it, leave of absence for six weeks. Signed by Sir G, Byng and two 

Thomas Swanton and six others to Captain Francis Blakb 
Delaval, Commander of the Worcester^ in Long Reach. 

1720[-1], March 22. Navy Office. — We have ordered your being 
supplied with a copper pot. Signed, 

[The King of Great Britain] to the King of Spain. 

1721, June 1. St. James's. — Expressing his willingness to give up 
Gibraltar, and promising to obtain the consent of Parliament on the 
first favourable opportunity. Copy, 

Sm John Norris, Commander in chief of the ships in the Baltic to 
Captain Blake Delaval, Commander of the Worcester. 

1721 [-2], February 3. London. — Directing him to put his ship in 
commission as speedily as possible, and when she was ready to proceed 
to the Nore and await further orders. Signed, 


Thomas Clutterbuck to the Lords Justices [of Ireland]. Delavaj. mss. 

1724, May 21, London. — Informing them that the King bad ap- 
pointed the Bishop of Meath, Lord Kilmaine, the Honourable St. John 
Erodrick and himself. Privy Councillors of Ireland. 

Henry Williamson to [Archdeacon King]. 

1726, November 28. — Urging him to go as chaplain to the embassy 
to Vienna for which he was specially fitted on account of an old 
prophecy, which had been found during the siege of Vienna by the 
Turks, that " a " Protestant King should be archbishop of Vienna. 
The prophecy had been examined by Monsieur Jablouski, chaplain to 
the King of Prussia, who wrote that it was meant ** of one King, an 
archdeacon in England," and that it would be accomplished in 1727. 

The Same to [the Same]. 

1726, December 5. — Acknowledging the receipt of his answer to the 
preceding letter and sending a copy of Monsieur Jablouski's letter. 

Daniel Jablouski to Henry Williamson. 

No date. — A long religious letter concerning the prophecy. Copy. 
Enclosed in the preceding letter, 

Hugh, Bishop of Armagh, and Thomas Wyndham to the Lord 

Lieutenant of Ireland. 

1727, September 23. Dublin Castle. — Enclosing a petition from 
Andrew Killinghusen, minister of the German protestant church in 
Dublin, for payment of his salary of 50/. a year. Signed Petition 

H. Pelham, Secretary at War to Lord Carteret. 

1729, April 15. Whitehall. — Sending an order from the King em- 
powering him to appoint Courts Martial in Ireland. 

The Lords Justices [of Ireland] to the Lord Lieutenant. 

1732, May 10. Dublin Castle — Enclosing a scheme laid before them 
by Sir Edward Pearce, the King's Engineer and Surveyor General, for 
employing part of the loot forces in making a navigable canal between 
Lough Neagh and Newry. Three signatures, 

George Dodington to [F.] Townshend. 

1 739, September 10. Eastbury. — On behalf of his deputy, Mr. Bayly> 
who wanted a place. 

The Lords Justices of Ireland to John Potter. 

1740, September 19.— Granting him a suite of apartments in Dublin 
Castle. Three signatures. 

Bblayal MSB. 



1740-1, January 28. — An account of the woollen manufactures ex- 
ported to Turkey between Christmas 1720 aud Christmvs 1740 ; the 
total value being 3,582,931/. 165. 8</. 


1740[-1], February. — An account of the cotton imported from 
Turkey between Christmas 1720 and Christmas 1740; the total amount 
being 6,550,694 pounds of cotton wool and 1,187,323 pounds of cotton 

The Same. 

1740[-1], February. — An account of the mohair imported from 
Turkey between Christmas 1720 and Christmas 1740 ; the total omitting 
the years 1735 and 1740, being 4,106,105 pounds. 

T. TowNSHEND to [George Dodtngton ?]. 

1740[-1], February 17. Cleveland Court. — Concerning an appoint- 
ment in the gift of the Duke of Newcastle. 

F. Blake Delaval to Matthew Ridley, at Newcastle-on-Tyne. 

1742, December 1. London. — Declining to purchase the estate of 
Newsham, which would require too much money, but wishing him a 
purchaser to his satisfaction. 

The Earl of Chesterfield to . 

1745, July 23. London. — See English Historical Review ^ Vol. IV. 
p. 752-3. 

[The Earl op Chesterfield] to . 

1745-6, March Q.— See English Historical Review^ Vol. IV. p. 750. 

North Carolina. 

1746. — A series of complaints brought against Gabriel Johnston 
Governor of North Carolina for having violated the constitution of that 
province in different ways. Copy, 

Viscount Strangford to . 

l746[-7], February 24. Dublin. — Concerning a lawsuit which 
concerned him greatly and in which he had suffered a great loss by 
Lord Chesterfield's departure, who had conferred the deanery (of Perry) 
on him. 

Viscount Strangford to . 

1747. March 26. Dublin. — On the same subject. Copy, 


Thomas Lindsey to Colonel Owen Wynn, in Abbey Street, Dublin, delaval mss. 

l747[-8], Janupry 29 Milford. — Concerning an attempt made upon 
the Protestants, and the murder of Robeit Miller by Mr. Brown. 

Don Jaime Mazones de Lima to Wall. 

1748, October 1. Aix la Chapelle. — Concerning the progress of the 
negotiations for the peace, and the difficulties caused by the Duke of 
Newcastle's covetousness and unreasonableness. Copy, 

Wall to Don Jaime Mazones de Lima. 

1748, October 12. — An answer to the above. Copy. 

The Palatines in North Carolina to King George II. 

[1748.] — Petition to have the land on which they had been settled 
by Queen Anne, reserved to them ; their title having been disputed by 
Colonel Francis Pollock, who had threatened to dispossess them and 
settle certain Scotch rebels in their place. Copy, 

Joseph Tucker to . - 

1749, April 5. Bristol. — Concerning a pamphlet to which he had 
written a dedication and had it printed. It was then sent up to town 
to Mr. Trye the bookseller in Holborn, with instructions to send a 
quantity to the pamphlet shops in Westminster Hall. 

Thomas Delaval to his brother, John Delaval, in Albemarle Street, 


1751, July 27. Hamburg. — Asking for a loan of 120/. to pay debts 
incurred through his inexperience and the sharp practice of those 
amongst whom he was living. 

Thomas Delaval to his sister[in-law] Mrs. Delaval, in Albemarle 


1761, October 11. Dresden. — I will skip over everything until my 
arrival at Meissen, about twelve miles distant from this place, where the 
manufactory is, where all the ware known by the name of Dresden 
china, is made. They shew you everything from the mixing of the 
clay till it comes out. to its last perfection. There is not anything 
which is not represented in this European china, which in my opinion 
is every bit as curious as that of China. The only fault I find is that it 
costs something more. 

The Court being at Leipsic, where I was some days ago about 
business, I was obliged to make a metamorphosis from the apprentice to 
the cavalier and was presented with half a dozen of my countrymen to 
his Polish Majesty. As to the Court I must be silent. You have no 
doubt heard of Count Bruhl, who is the Duke of Newcastle of Saxony. 
His expenses are only much greater. I leave you to judge of the others 
by those of his wardrobe, which are 15,000/. sterling yearly, after my 
calculation, which I assure you is a moderate one, I saw upwards of 
four hundred suits in it, mostly of rich embroidery. 

Picture galleries and curiosity chambers there are no end of ; one of 
which is of seven separate apartments, to fill which one would think the 



Delayal mss. whole East had been robbed. There is such a profusion of rubies, 
""" emeralds, onyxes ; in short, all the jewels one can imagine. 

R. AsTLEY to her sister, Mrs. Delaval, at DodJington, near Lincoln. 

[1752 ?] April 14. — It is almost incredible what a crowd of people 
was at Newcastle waiting to see the Duchess of Hamilton. 

She, according to her usual goodness to the public, contrived to 
stand a few minutes on the steps at the ** Iron" ; but when the Duke 
came out he was much ofFetded that the people should dare to lift their 
eyes to so divine a beauty, and protested if he had had a pistol, he 
would have fired among them. When he was in his chaise he bade the 
postiliou drive on, and the more he drove over the better. 

Samuel Foote to John Delaval, at Doddington. 

[1752,] September 30. — After a day spent with Lord George Manners 
at Ancaster and another with your uncle at Wasingby, we have this 
evening reached the metropolis. 

Lord George purposes to send Mrs. Delaval and you a letter of 
invitation to his house. Though this step may not be strictly con- 
sistent to the usual forms of provincial politeness, yet, as they are people 
of quality and on the whole a good acquaintance, I would advise you to 
relax a little in ceremonials. 

This town is as empty as your Aunt Price's head. 

[John Delaval?] to . 

No date. — You seem to think we could have prevented Foote's coming 
here, which was impossible as we did not know of it till he was in the 
room. Remonstrances had no efi'ect. My brother had been here two 
months and we believe would have stayed till the meeting of Parlia- 
ment, had we not been uneasy at Foote's being here, which we beHeve 
was the occasion of his leaving Doddington. The day after he arrived, 
my brother and he went to Lincoln and t-tayed there all the race week 
and the day after set out for London. 

Samuel Foote to John Delaval, at Seaton Delaval. 

[1753,] January 17. Pall Mall. The theatres have each produced 
a pantomime. Tliat of Covent Garden is the Sorcerer^ revived, with a 
new piece of machinery that is elegantly designed and happily executed. 
The subject is a fountain. 

I'he Genii of Drury Lane has some pretty contrivances, but the 
inspector complains of its being barren of incidents, defective in the 
plan, and improbable in the denouement. We have had no new comedies 
but one given by Mr. Weymondsell and his lady. John Child is gone 
to France ; the fair frail one turned out of doors, and a suit for a 
divorce commenced. 

Francis's tragedy called Constantine is to be acted at Covent Garden. 
The Gamester is soon to be played at Drury Lane. I am writing the 
Englishman at Paris for Macklin's benefit. 

G. Delaval to his brother, Thomas Delaval, at Seaton Delaval. 

1753, February 12. Mortlake. — It was in the Daily Advertiser that 
upwards of four thousand ladies and gentlemen had been assembled at 
Seaton Delaval to see the rope dancers. 


Samuel Foote to [John] Delaval. Dblaval mss. 

[1753,] March 13. London. — "In the North ! What do you do in 
the North, when you are wanted in the West." 

I suppose the post will bring you the Brothers, You will find some 
good writing but as a play, it is a heavy, uninteresting, bad-conducted, 
ill-judged, story. The recorder of your town of Newcastle has lately 
occasioned a small inflammation at Court. About four months since he 
dined with Lord Ravensworth, and taking up a newspaper which 
mentioned the Bishop of Gloucester as the Bishop of Chichester's 
successor in the Prince of Wales's family, declared that was the second 
great oflScer about the Prince, whom he had formerly known to drink 
treasonable healths, Andrew Stone being the other. Lord Ravens- 
worth made a report of this to the Cabinet Council, which the two 
delinquents, with the Solicit or-Generah he being equally culpable, were 
ordered to attend. Sundry examinations were had, and the result of 
all is that the subsequent loyal attachment of these gentlemen should 
obliterate the stain of their fonuer principles, and the prosecution be 
branded with the ignominious titles of groundless, trifling, and vexatious. 


1753, March 20. London. — I have the misfortune to be about 500/. 
in debt, which is owing to my going to Ireland last year and losing all my 
winter employment, but I hope soon to be able to pay 300/. out of the 
*' oritorys " and concerts I am engaged in. 

Francis Delaval to his brother [John Delaval]. 

1753, March 23. — I am just come from Mr. Foote's farce, which 
went off with applause. Miss Macklin danced a minuet, played on a 
"pandola,* and accompanied it with an Italian song, all which she 
performed with much elegance. There were some silver cockades at 
the play-house for Lord Carnarvon's marriage with the rich Miss 

Tno^kiAS Delaval to his brother, John Delaval, at Seaton Delaval. 

1753, March 27. Hamburg. — My brothers set out yesterday for 
Berlin and propose making a tour through Germany. 

I have been inquring about our small coals, and propose trying a 
cargo or two soon. I should be glad to know what price you could 
afford them for if a third part of the better coals were mixed with them. 
If the cargo sent by Captain Read cost no more than six shillings the 
chaldron, there must have been near a hundred per cent, got by them. 

The Same to the Same. 

1753, March 30. Hamburg. — Coals are worth about ten shillings a 
chaldron. If you send any, take care to ha^e some of the better coals 
mixed with the small ones. It will help to bring them into better 

Samuel Foote to [John] Delaval. 

[1753,] April 5. Pall Mall. — The Englishman at Paris has been 
better received than I expected. 

Garrick and all the delicite of the theatre say kinder things of it than 
modesty will permit me to repeat. Upon the whole it was damnably acted. 


Dblaval mss. Macklin miserably imperfect in the words and in the character. You 

might have seen what 1 meant. An English buck by the powers of 
dullness, instantaneously transformed into an Irish chairman. 

Miss Eoach accompanied by some frippery French woman, occupied, to 
the no small scandal of the whole house, the Prince's box, whilst the 
Duchess of Bedford and others were obliged to take up with seats upon 
the sta^e. 

I set out for foreign parts the first of May. I do not know whether 
I shall arrive time enough in France to put up a few Masses for the 
propitious delivery of Mrs. Delaval ; but let me be where I will, I shall 
not fail to pronounce for her a Juno Lucina fer openly and I do not 
know but that may do as well as an Ave Maria. 

— De Reverseaux to — Champseaux. 

[1753 ?] — ^An account of the family, life, and misfortunes of Miss 
Koach. French. 

Seaton Delaval. 

1792, I^ebruary 1. — An estimate of the expenses for refreshments, 
attending the play at Seaton Delaval. The total amounts to 
33/. 14*. lOd. 

[The Same.] 

No date. — An epilogue to the Fair Penitent written by Lord 
Delaval and spoken by the Earl of Strathmore. Thirty -nine lines. 

The Same. 

No date. — A return of the persons within the township of Seaton 
Delaval and parish of Earsdon, who from age, infirmity, or any other 
cause, were to be removed in case of invasion, with the number of ticket 
and cart in which they were to be removed, and with the number and 
station of each cart. 

Hartley Colliery. 

1797, May. — Estimate of the expense of erecting an engine at Hartley 
Colliery for drawing the water from the Main to the Yard coal seamisy 
being about thirty fathoms, with a twelve-inch bore. The total amount 
is 1369/. 2*. Qd. 

All the MSS. described above are now in the possession of Mr. John 
Eobinson, of Newcastle-on-Tyce. 

Richard Ward. 



It is to be regretted that there is not more matter amongst these papers 
relating to Catherine, Duchess of Suffolk, and her husband, Richard 
Bertie. The history of their flight from England and of their wander- 
ings on the continent is well known, but any addition would have been 
welcome which would have helped to fill in the blanks of that romantic 
story, or which would have given us further details of the childhood of 
their celebrated son — afterwards Lord Willoughby in right of his 
mother — who was chrii^tened Peregrine, the wanderer, from the circum- 
stances of his birth. We have however an exceedingly complete 
account-book kept at Grimsthorpe and at the Barbican in London 
during the years 1560 to 1562, when the Duchess and her husband had 
returned to England and were reinstated in all their possessions. This 
book gives a large number of details concerning their private and public 
life, their charities, amueementp, journeys, personal and liousehold 
expenses and allowances, presents to the Queen and others, tlie attend- 
ances of the Duchess at Court, and the number and expense of their 
domestic servants. 

The bulk of the earlier papers relate to Peregrine, after he had 
become Lord Willoughby. They consist for the most part of his 
official correspondence for the years 1585 to 1588, when he was in 
command of the English forces in the Low Countries, and arc chiefly 
written in Dutch or French, and some few in German. From their 
nature they are mostly formal, but attention should be called to the 
letter written by Lord Willoughby in March 1587, shortly after the 
execution of Mary Stuart, to Dauzay, the French Ambassador in 
Denmark, which gives the official, if not the tine, version of Queen 
Elizabeth's motives and feelings on that vexed question. 

To go to a later date there are copies ot several letters which passed 
between Charles I. and Montagu, Lord Lindsey, in March 1646, with 
regard to the holding of Woodstock against the Cromwellian troops. 
The King seems not to have thought the post sufficiently important for 
Lord Lindsey, and he accordingly summons him to Oxford in the most 
complimentary manner. 

At page 252 is a letter, unsigned, but probably from Charles Bertie 
to his brother, the Marquis of Lindsey, in which he gives us an account 
of how Harley endeavoured to conquer the opposition of some of the 
representatives of the Vere family, who had a natural dislike to his 
being created Earl of Oxford, and how he — Harley — warned them 
that another would have the title within a month, if he did not. 
The writer winds up by suggesting that " we should tell Harley 
" what steps have been made to procuring you another title, and try to 
'* engage him to assist in it, upon giving him noe trouble in this point." 
This proposal if carried into efi*ect was doubtless listened to readily by 


Eabl of 





There are in the muniment room at Grimsthorpe a great number of 
mediaeval deeds and court- rolls. The following appear to be the most 
interesting of the deeds, the first three being remarkable as stating a 
villein was " brother '* to a man of wealth and high position : — 

[Circa 1160.] — Radulfus filius Gilleberti omnibus amicis et hominibus 
suis Francis et Anglicis salutem. Sciatis me dedisse Radulfo villano, 
fratri meo, totam terram de Steping, in pratis et pasturis, in raoris et 
mariscis et omnibus asiamentis que ad eandem terram pertinent, preter 
iij bovatas terre quas Tainca tenuit. Totum quod superest terre quam 
habul in Spepinga dedi predicto Radulfo et heredibus suis, tenendum de 
me et heredibus meis in feodum et hereditatem pro servicio dimidii 
militis pro omni servicio quod ad me pertinet. Hoc autem tenementum 
volo ut bene, libere et honorifice teneat. Et hoc concessi ei quod non 
mutabo eum hoc servicium suum de manu mea et heredum meorum. 
Ego et cepi homagium predicti Badulu quando banc donationem ei feci 
coram his testibus, Waltero abbate de Kirkested et Walter© priore, 
Ricardo incluso, Radulfo cell[erario], Willelmo filio Aet', Ricardo de 
Hornecastr', Waltero capellano de Barden', fratre Thori et fratre Gosce, 
dt Radulfo filio Radulfi, Willelmo Gri', Simone filio Hacon', Johanne de 
Edlintun'et Ancheti de Edlintun', Pagano mac^', Willelmo de Paleberge, 
Reinerio coco, Ada Grim, Thoma de Belesterne, et Edwardo Multon. 

[Circa 1160.]— Radulfiis filius Gileberti omnibus amicis suis et 
hominibus Gallicis et Anglicis salutem. Seiatis me concessisse et c[arta 
con]firmasse Radulfo rustico, fratri meo, terram de Stepiugia, tenendam 
et heredibus suis de me et heredibus meis [pro servicio di]midie partis 
militis. Et sciatis ipsum Radulfum facere iiij**"^ partes et Robertum 
Travers quintam hujus medietatis militis. His testibus, Willelmo filio 
Cunen, Alvredo de . . . dford, Bodin de Fenne, Ernisio de 
Lam'tunia, Willelmo filio Alvredi de Tedford et Radulfo fratre suo. 
Valete. fragment of equestrian seal, 

[Circa 1200.]— Radulfus filius Radulfi filii Gilleberti omnibus 
hominibus jiresentibus et f uturis salutem, Sciatis me concessisse et hae 
mea carta confirniasse Radulfo villano, avunculo meo, et heredibus suis 
totam terram quam Radulfus pater mens dedit illi in Steping', habendam 
et tenendam de me et heredibus meis cum omnibus rebus et pertinenciis 
et frangisiis que ad eandem terram pertinent, sicut carta patris mei tes- 
tatur, scilicet faciendo quatuor partes servicii dimidii militis. Testibus, 
Ricardo abbate Kirkestedie, Simone de Crevecur', Petro de Screinbi, 
Johanne de Horrebi, Willelmo de H'eeford, Radulfo de Stavenesbi, 
Alano de Aistrebi, Simone de Frisebi, Alano de Keles, et Waltero 
fratre ejus. Equestrian seal. 

[Circa 1200.] — Grant by Philip de Kima to the church of St. Mary, 
Kiikestede, and the monks thereof in frank almoin, of common pasture 
in Wildemora for the good estate of himself and his heirs and the souls 
of his ancestors. Witnesses: — Lambert, prior of Kime, Thomas, son 
of William de Heint', Ralph son of Ralph son of Gillebert, Humphrey 
de Welle, Geoffrey de Clincamp, Walter de Alford, William son of 
Thomas, William son of the grantor, Elias de Helpringham, Nicholas 
de Ros, William Bacun, William de Wdetorp, Elias de Brunna, Spiri 
the chamberlain. Equestrian seal. 


[1147-1162.]— Grant by Robert de Gant, with the consent of his ^I^-^^^Vp^" 
wife Adeliza Paganell, to the abbey of Vaudey of ten acres and a rod ancasteb^ 
and a half of wood on the north side of the road which is called 
' Leuigatha ' in exchange for ten acres on the south side which he had 
previously given, but which Robert de Langhatuna claimed. Wit- 
nesses : — Angerius and Michael, monks, Jordan, Remigius, Ralph de 
Brunna, Roger the Smith (Faber), Ailsi and Syward, lay brethren 
(converst) of Vaudey, Hugh de Gant, Robert de Langathuna, Ralph 
Scroph, Arebernus, Alan Ke, Ailbrict and Robert his son, Robert le 
Franeeis, Ovuti and Geoffrey his son, Lambert son of Godwin de 
Swinsteda, Geoffrey Costard Ralph Cem[en]tarius He Scotelthorp, 
William sou of Payn, Nicholas son of Godric de Anacastro. Eques- 
trian seal, 

1334, June 16. — Renewal and confirmation to Robert de Scardeburgh, 
prior of Bridlington and the convent of that place by Henry de Beau- 
mont, Earl of Boghane and Murref and Constable of Scotland, and 
Isabella late the wife of John de Vescy, of a charter by Sir Gilbert de 
Gaunt granting to them certain rights of pasture at Edenham, which 
charter had been maliciously destroyed by John Cadinot, servant of the 
said Henry and Isabella. Dated at Newcastle-on-Tyne. Equestrian 
seal and seal of arms, 

1384. — Ordinance of John, Bishop of Lincoln, concerning the chantry 
of the Holy Trinity, Spilsb}', founded by Sir John Wylughby and the 
Lady Joan his wife, for a master and twelve chaplains. August 3 
Episcopal and capitular seals. 

1400. — Agreement between the Abbot and Convent of Kirkstead and 
William de Wylughby, knight, Lord of Eresby, concerning the advow- 
son and endowments of the church of Wyspyngton. October 15, 
2 Henry IV. Ecclesiastical seal. 

1410. — Demise by Joan, Duchess of York, late the wife of William de 
Wylughby, Lord of Eresby, to Robert de Wylughby, Lord of Eresby, 
of lands, etc., in Friskenay, Ingoldmels, Tateshale, Hundylby, 
Menyngesby, Biscopthorp, Kirkeby by Bolyngbrok, Thurleby, and 
Spilsby. 2 September, 11 Henry IV. Fine heraldic seal of the 

1401. — Demise by William Roos, Lord of Helmesley, Simon Felbrygg^ 
knights. Master Peter de Dalton, John de Tenelby, clerks, William 
Michell of Friskeney and Albin de Enderby, to William de Wylughby 
knight, of the manor of Oyreby. Dated at Eresby, 16th February, 
2 Henry IV. Two heraldic seals and four others. 

1407. — Grant by William de Wylughby, knight. Lord of Eresby, 
John son of Robert de Wylughby, knight, John de Teuelby, clerk, 
William Michell of Friskenay, Albin de Enderby and Robert de 
Kirkby, parson of the church of Bolyngbroke to William Hardegray, 
master of the Chantry of the Holy Trinity, Spilsby, and his successoi-s, 
of messuages and land in Askeby. 3 February, 8 Henry IV. Two 
heraldic seals and four others. 

1547. — Grant by Thomas maltby, clerk, master of the Chantry, or 
College, of Holy Trinity in the church of Spilsby and the chaplains of 
the said chantry, or college, to Katheriue, Duchess of Suffolk of all their 
lands and rights within the realm of England, together with the advow- 


Mss. OF THE sons of the churches of Overtojnton, Kirkeby, and Eresby, with the 
A^cASTEE. chapel of Spilsby. 14 September, 1 Edward VI. Ecclenastical seal 
— and four signatures. 


Thomas Bertie. 

1550, July 10. London. — Tlie arms of Thomas Bertie, of Berested, 
drawn out by Thomas Hawley, Clarencieux King at arms. Cop^ in 
the handwriting of William Dugdale, See Glover^s heraldic collec- 
tions, British Museum. 


[15—.] — An account of Kirkstead Abbey from its foundation in the 
year 1139. Imperfect, 

Christopher Landschade to Catherine, Duchess of Suffolk. 

1569, August 8. Tavernes. — Informing her that at her request he 
had gone to Heidelberg and had done his best to get as speedy an 
audience as possible with his master the Palsgrave Fi^ed^rJ^kj^.j^or the 
English ambassadors. Also informing her that to allay the anxiety* of 
the wife and children of his master the Palsgrave Wolfgang he was 
sending the bearer of this letter, Robert Weidencop, into France to 
make personal inquiries after him; and as the usual ways from Germany 
to France were closed, he begged her to assist him in getting conveyed 
by sea to La Rochelle or elsewhere in France, and also, if he required it, 
to advance him money, which should be repaid at the next fair of St. 
Bartholomew. Also sending' her messages from his sons Jean Dietjer 
and Jean Lanschade de Steinach. French, 

Sir Henry Norreys to Lord Clinton, Lord High Admiral 

of England. 

[1569,] December 10. Niort. — **If after large silence I shoalde 
write larsre letters, it were the next waies to fall from one extreme into 
another. But because your Honor shall 8uffici(fntly understand such 
thinges as hath already passed, touching the dealing of peace, the other 
occurrances shall not be verie tedious. 

The town of St. Jean d'Angeli having valiantlie susteyned the King's 
armie the space of six weeks and more, in the end wanting municojQ, 
and being out of hoope of succor, the second of this instant Piles the 
capptaine there, yeldinge the place, departed with armes, bagge, and 
baggage, was conducted by Monsieur de Biron to Tailbourg, going from 
thence to Coniac. Thre dales before the rendering therof. Monsieur 
Martigues in vewing the breach was stricken with a harguebusade in the 
head, whereof he incontinent died. 

The Prince's armie is near Montauban, and we understand here the 
Admii-al presentlie beseigeth Aagen upon Garonne. Here is likewise 
come news that Nismes in Languedoc is surprised by the relig[ion in] 
those parties. 

The Cowntie Kingrave being dead^ the King hath directed his 
regiment to returne into Germanic. There is likewise divers broken 
companies of fotemen casstd, and manie of men at armes placed in 

It is thought that the Kinge will next attempte Coniac, and afterwards 
advance forward to the river of Dordoigne." Signed, 


News Letter. MSS. <yF thb 

EaBL Of 

[1572, August.] — An account of the massacre of Saint Bartholo- Aitcastbr. 
mew. . 

"Joys, the froylicke pointre" to 

1572, August 17. — A humble request to be paid for the painting of a 
carriage. French. 

RicuABD Bertie. 

[c. 1572.] — The title of Richard Bertie to the style of Lord 
Willoughby of Willoughby and Eresby, in the right of the Lady Catherine, 
Duchess of Suffolk, his wife, debated before Lord Burghley, Thomas, 
Earl of Sussex, and Robert, Earl of Leicester, Commissioners appointed 
for the purpose. Imperfect, 

Hans Landschaden von Steinach to his son, Hans Christoffel. 

[lo]78[-9], March 20. LuncB (Luneburg).— A rule of life for the 
guidance of his conduct in youth and age, towards God and man. 
German, Fifteen pages. 

Don Felipe Frenestain, Ambassador from the Emperor, to 

1579, May 27. " Di Comitio di Polonia." — Giving an account of 
his embassy to the Prince of Muscovy, who was anxious to make an 
alliance with the Emperor, the Pope, the King of Spain, and the 
other Christian Princes, against the Turk ; and desciibing the reverence 
expressed by the Muscovites for Rome and all the holy places, and 
especially for the shrine of Our Lady of Loretto, and expressing his 
opinion that the people might be easily brought back into the bosom of 
the Church. Italian, Copy, 

Peregrine Bektie to his "good lady" [Lady Mary Bertie]. 

[c. 1580.] Willoughby House. — ^* 1 am not little greved that I have 
not on this time resolved the doubte I lefte you in, and so much more as 
I feare it hath caused your unquietnes, in whom I make more account 
of than of my selfe or life, and therefore resolve yourselfe that if I had 
had 6t time I would not so slightly overpasst it. But the truth is, by 
other trebles, have yet hard nothinge of that matter worthy the sendinge, 
yet did I thinke not to lose so muche occosyon, since I know not whan 
to recover it agayne, as to let understand how uncurteously I am dilte 
with by my Lord, your brother, who, as I heard, bandeth with parsons 
against me and sweareth my death, which I fear nor force not smallie, 
but lest his displeasure should withdraw your affection towardes me, 
otherwise 1 thinke no way to be so offended as I can not deffend. And 
thus good Lady parsuade your selfe no lesse than you shall find 1 will 
give cause or perfourme above all thinges which you wishe me well to 
hit nothing greve you whatsoever you shall heare do happen. For my 
own(^ parte my good or ill fortune consisteth onely in you, whom I must 
riH^uest to accept as well this scribbled well meaning as better eloquem^e, 
excusing my imparfactions with my trebled mind, which are locked upp 
so fast a.s I could skace tiy get pen and paper to be the present messengers 
of my i>ore good wishes.'* 



AKCA8TBR. Peregrine, Lord Willougiiby to Sir Francis Walsingiiam, the 
"~" Queen's Principal Secretary, at the Court. 

1582, July 12. Kingston-upon-Hull. — " If misfortune of tempest 
had not spoyled my second shippe, wherin my stuffe and necessaries 
was, breaking har topmast, and driving har to sutch a leake as she 
and har company was in danger, besides contynuall winds against 
us, your letters received the 11 of July had found me iierer Coppen- 
haven than Hull. Beinee no lesse willing — tho somewhat discouraged 
to have lost my labor and chardge — to have obeyed the counter com- 
mand of my stay, than most redy and desirous to imploy my selfe 
and all mine whatsoever to accomplishe any service acceptable to har 
Maiestie and bars. And therefore. Sir, your last instructions shall be 
with no lesse care and diligence delivered than the first was with all 
duty received, assuring you as I will be sylent in concealiDg my 
advertisment of this cause, so shall I as constantly as though I tooke 
knowledge of none but my selfe — tho flying with sutch plumes as I 
borow of you — declare what is commanded me, and do all the officis I 
may to prevent the evill, persuade the good, and maintaine so efFectuall 
an amitie as may be answerable to both their honuors, safetio of their 
countries, and your good desire ; being right glad you have recom- 
mended me and the cause to so virtuous a man as upon your intelligence 
I assure myselfe the Frenche embassadour to be, and more I thinke 
myselfe beholdinge unto you that it hath pleased you to assist me with 
so sufficient a gentleman as Mr. Wade, hoping in God my service shall 
take lyke eflPect to your wise and grave directions. And so cutting 
shorte the rest of my letter because we have no occurrences of import- 
ance, save only of pirates mutchlie daly complain'd on, worthy your 
advertisement, I cease from troblinge you." 

RuY Lopez to Lord Willoughby. 

1585, January 22. At Court. — The Queen and the Lords of the 
Council are all in good health. As you have already heard, one of the 
principal members of tho Council has been sent by the Queen to the 
Low Countries as her Lieutenant General, and was received there very 
royally by the States, who have given him ample authonty for govern- 
ment. The Earl of Leicester conducts himself very prudently, to the 
satisfaction of the Qaeen and the States- 

The Prince of Parma is in want of provisions, and the people are 
beginning to die of hunger in Bruges, Antwerp, and the other places of 
which he is governor. Don Antonio has come here, a fugitive from 
France where he would have been killed by Duke Mercoeur if he had 
not had warning. He was compelled to fly La Rochelle, and his 
suite were seized and sent with his baggage into Spain to King 
Philip. Our patroness, the Queen, favours him and hopes to assist hiro 
to recover his throne which has been so tyrannically usurped. 

The Secretary of State has been very ill with a dropsy but is 
better now. 

Sir Philip Sydney remains in Zealand in a very strong position. The 
Earl and he are preparing for action in the coming season. We have 
no news from Captain Frobisher (Furbiger) nor from Sir Francis 
Drake (Drag). From Spain we hear that they are preparing a maritime 
force of importance. We are waiting to see what they will do. 
Italian, Signet, 


Monsieur dell' Atrecii, Secretary to the Duke of Savoy, to the mss. of th 

Grand Chancellor of Savoy, axcastbe. 

[15]8o, March 14. Sarrap:ossa. — Giving an account of the cordial 
reception given him by the King of Spain on his arrival at that city. 
Italian. Copy, 

G. Gilpin to Lord Willoughbit, Governor of Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1586, April 5. Utrecht. — Sending him a packet which had come 
from Denmark. French. 

Charles de Coucy (?), Sieur de Famars to Lord Willougiiby, 

Governor of Bergen-oi>-Zoom. 

1586, May 1, old style. Utrecht. — Sending him some arms by order 
of his Excellency. French. Signed. 

The Deputies from the States of Brabant to Lord Willougiibt. 

1586, May 2. Gertrudenburg. — Enclosing a request from the 
inhabitants of the village of Brecht for the release of certain prisoners. 
French. Three signatures. Seal of amis. Request enclosed* 

Jacob Muys van Holy to Lord Willouqhby. 

1586, May 19, new style. Dordrecht. — Concerning the release of 
Baptist Moy, merchant, and Bellerus, bibliopole, of Antwerp, who were 
prisoners in his hands, and whom he proposed to exchange for his son 
Hugues Muys van Holy, a soldier in the company of Monsieur de 
Famars, Governor of Malines, who had been taken prisoner by the 
Spaniards. French. Signed, 

The Same to [the Same]. 
No date. — On the same subject. French. Copy. 

The States of Zealand to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, May 20. Middelburg. — Urging him to be upon the watch. 

The States General to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, May 24. Utrecht. — Begging him lo put a stop to the 
" insolences, petulancies," and '* immodesties " which were daily 
committed at Bergen op Zoom by ill bred young people who disturbed 
divine service with shouts and the blowing of horns, and by throwing 
stones through the windows. French. Signed Chr. Huygens. 

John Bkllekus to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, June. Antwerp. — On behalf of his son Luke Belleinis, a 
prisoner at Bergen op- Zoom. Latin. 

Le Norman de Laurueter to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, June 2. Copenhagen. — Informing him that he was about to 
start on a mission to Lapland to settle a boundary question with Russia ; 
and that the King of Denmark his master was very favourable to the 
interests of the King of Navarre. French. Signed. 

E 64159. O 


^. OP THE Count Maurice of Nassau to Lord Willoughbt. 

lliARL OF 

ANCA8TBR. ^^gg^ j^^^ ^^ Middelburg.— Asking that no one might be lodged 

ia the room in which the charters and other documents relating to the 
marquisate and house of Bergen-op-Zoom were kept. French. Signedm 
Seal of arms. 

The Deputies fiom the States of Brabant to [Lord Willoughby,] 

Governor of Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1586, June 4. Gertrudenburg. — Presenting him with a petition 
from three inhabitants of the village of Brecht, for the release of certain 
prisoners. French. Petition enclosed. 

The Same to the Same. 
15S6, Juno 6. Gertrudenburg. — On the same eubject. French. 

The Same to the Same. 

1586, June 9. Gertrudenburg. — On the same subject. French. 
Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 
Same date and place. — On the same subject. French, 

Pierre de Yuytenreciit to Lord Willoughby, Governor of the 
Marquisate, Town, and Ports, of Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1586, June 11. Tholen. — A letter of apology. French. 

The Deputies from the States of Brabant to [Lord 


1586, Juiie 13. Gertrudenburg. — Requesting him to release the 
burgomaster of Moll, Bales, and Dessel, called Jacob Sneyerp, who had 
been taken prisoner when bringing in his contributions to Bergen-op- 
Zoom. French. 

[Lord Willoughby?] to the King of Denmark. 

1586, July 4, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Giving ati account of 
the progress of the campaign in Holland and Germany. Latin. Copy. 

Sir Philip Sidney to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, July 14, new style. Flushing. — His Excellency thinks it is 
high time that the companies which are lying between llamekins and 
Middelburg should make sail to Flushing. I beg therefore that you 
will give orders to all the boats to sail to Flushing and anchor there. 
French. Signed. 

R. Earl of Leicester to [Lord Willoughby] Governor of 


1586, July 11. The Hague. — Ordering him to send a hundred and 
fifty pioneers to Temeuse and Spele in Flanders, there to be employed 
as Mr. Rowland Yorke should appoint. 


MSS. 01 THB 

Count Hohenlo to Lord Willoughby. Eaxl op 


1586, August 8. — Sending a gentleman of his household to him. 
French, Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 

1586, August 12. Grertrudenhurg. — Concerning the movements of 
cavalry. French, Seal of arms. 

Carlo Lanfrancui to Lord WiLLOUGHBr. 

1586, August 19. Antwerp. — Madame de Beauvois has written to 
me from Brussels that a priest of her household, called Alessandro le 
Grande, and her son's tutor, Ubrelo Belar, are prisoners at Bergen op 
Zoom, and that they are to be ransomed for 7C0 florins. She begs you 
will send them to her with a trumpeter, and slie will give orders lor the 
payment of the ransom and of all other expences. Italian, Signed. 

Antonio, King op Portugal to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, October 19. Umzee. — *SJ'ay sen le bon tractement et faveur 
Tous aves faict a mon tils Don Manoel, estant pardella, de quoy je vos 
suis ijrandement tesnu, et vos en remercie bien fort, vos asseurant que je 
I3 recognoestray en tous les endroits qu'il plaira a Dieu m'en donuer le 
moyen. J'envoye pardella Edoart l.*arm, gentilhomme de ma maison a 
aulcunque * * affaires, et luy ay comande de vos voir. Je vos prie de 
le croire en ce qu'il vos dira de m part, et de tesnir la main vere monsieur . 
le conte de Lest [Leicester] et les Estats d'Olande, affin que je 
puisse par votre moyen receyvoir quelque avancement en mes affaires, 
qui se doivent traicte avec heurs." Signed, Seal of arms, 

Bernardus Conders ab Helpen to Gerhardus Erbanus 

Geldenhaurius, at Embden. 

1586, November 28. Herborn. — News from Sarragossa of the 22nd 
October 1586. 

The Queen of England's famous pirate ** Draco" has struck a blow 
at India and taken several islands. He has also stolen and taken to 
England three and a quarter millions of dollars besides other valuables. 
Twelve ships sailed fifteen days ago from Biscay a with 1500 soldiers 
and 1500 sailors on board; they were laden with arms, and ammu- 
nition for 2000 men. It was not Known when they started who was to 
be the general, but instructions vvere to be sent to sea after them. God 
knows where they are going. My impression is that England had better 
look to herself on the Scotch coaat. Latin, 

Count Maurice of Nassau to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, December 13. Middelburg. — Concerning Abraham Fisch- 
meester who was a prisoner at Bergen op-Zoom. French, Signed, 
Seal of arms. 

Michael Aullier to Lord Willoughby. 

1586, December 14. Lillo.—Concerning the Secretary of Woest- 
wesel who was a prisoner. French. Signed, Signet, 

O 2 



AxcASTBH. [1.^86,] December 29. — " This bearer, for curiosyty as he professeth 

of good will to my selfe, brought a Polake before me should be offered 
by a Portingal and Spanyard which resyde at Mydleburgh in Zeland 
certayne crownes to go to the King of Spayne to reveale a secret con- 
cerning shippinge, the circumstances whereof he may deliver to sutch 
as your Lordship may please to appoint to receavo it from him. For 
my owne part I think it of lytle moment, more than what may first 
happen to them of Mydleburgh, if upon inquiry it be found there l»e 
sutch Spanish vypers there; and by the disaster of Walkeren, mischiefe 
may better walke the seas this dangerous times for England. As it 
became me, I thought, to mak it knowne, and so than to you, as he whom 
I desire might have true knowledge, that I honnour and love him above 
all men ; not in such boggles as I take this, but in the best services my 
soule and hart could do you." 

Robert, Earl of Leicester to the Sergeant Major of 


1586, December 30. The Hague. — Bequiring his attendance at the 
Hague in order to give his opinion of the best way of quieting the dis- 
content among the soldiers at the castle of Wouw. Signed by John 
Wilkes and G. Gilpin. Seal of arms. 

A Plan. 

[c. 1586.] — A plan of a Dutch port ; perhaps one of the ports about 
Bergen-op-Zoom . 

Lord [VVilloughby] to [the Earl op Essex]. 
[c. 15S6.] — Concorning supplies for Bergen-op-Zoom. Copy. 

The Same to [the Same]. 
[Same date] — On the same subject. Copy. 

The Statils General to Lord Willouguby. 

1587, January 6. The Hague. — Thanking him for postponing his 
proposed journey to England and for his services in the matter of the 
castle of Wouw. French, Signed by Maurice of Nassau, John Wilkes, 
and G. Gilpin. 

The Magistrates of Bergen-op-Zoom to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, January 10. — Asking him to obtain the confirmation from 
the Queen oi* their rights. French. 

The Same to the Same. 

1587, January 17. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Informing him that they had 
heard that the enemy were advancing upon them, and begging him to 
give timely warning to the garrison of the castle of Wouw . 

P. Lord Willoughby to Dauzay. PVench Ambassador 

in Denmark. 

1587, March 4. l^ndon. — ** L'ennuy et tristesse qu'encores meine sa 
Majeste pour la mort de la Ileyne d'Escosse, n'aguerres executed, a 
laquelle condescendre les prieres importunees dc ces aabiectH, (^ncore les 


j)raitiques nouvelles coDtre sa personne diseouvertes — esquelles Monsieur MS8. op the 
lie Chasteauneuf s'est trouve bien avant j on ant sa roUe, voire sans le iS^sxER. 
seen du Roi votre maislre — Pont entierement forcee ; et croy fermement — 

que hans I'importuniti des uns et I'evident danger menace des aultres, 
elle ne s'y fust jamais consentie. Ce que tesmoigne le grand dueil de sa 
Majestie seule, parmy les feux de joye et rejonissement general de son 
pen pie." Copy. 

Lord [Wjlloughby] to [the Earl of Leicester.] 

lo87, June. B[ergen-op-Zoom]. — Asking for the payment of some 
money to Captain Carsey, Copy. 

[The Same] to [the Same]. 
No date. — On the same subject. Copy, 

The States General to Lord Willoughdy, Governor of 


1587, July 4. The Hague. — Requesting him to give all the assistance 
in his power to Martini, the Auditor General, who had been sent to 
Bergen-op-Zoom for the service of his Excellency and the country. 
French, Signed by GiX^ui. 

Count Maurice of Nassau to Sir John Wingfield, Governor of 


1587, July 7. Middelburg. — Asking for the two companies of his 
Zealand regiment. French. Signed, Seal of arms. 

Ambrose Martini to Lord Wjlloughby. 

[1587, July ?] — Directing him on behalf of the Auditor General to 
send a peasant, who had been taken prisoner, to Middelburg. French, 

Philip, Count Hohenlo to Lord Willoughby, Governor of 


1587, July 7. Gertrudenburg. — Liforming him that General Norris 
had asked to have the English infantry who were in his camp sent to 
him, and begging him to send some troops in their place. Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 

1587, July 8. Gertrudenburg. — Thanking him for his letter. French, 
Seal of arms. 

Colonel J. Bax to Lord Willoughby, Colonel of the English 

Infantry at Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1587, July 13. Middelburg. —Agreeinj^, with the consent of the 
Earl of Leicester, to bring his company tO- Bergen. French. Signed, 

Jean Reynhouts Danckaerts to Lord Willoughby, General of 
the English Infantry, and Governor of Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1587, August 11, new style. Middelburg. — Announcing that he 
had left Utrecht and come to Middleburg. French, Signed, Signet, 



-/S^ste'b Lord [Willoughbv] to [the Eabl of Leigestbb]. 

1587, August. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Since your departure we bave 
not failed of our endeavours to take any good occasion tliat might 
happen. " Wee sent out many espyalls but none be retorned, by reason 
whereof we dout least they miscarry. My owne trumpet is now 
come home, who was but hardly entertayned, and not suffered to passe 
any further than Antwerp, but blindfold. Yet he advertiseth for 
certaine that at Burgamhoult the enemy lyeth, to his weening, 2000 
strong, and at Dambrugh 1000 strong. The first place being strongly- 
fortified, with only one advenue unto yt, and the other so diched 
about, as that they are strongly entrenched." 

The letters " which should have bene found here by Count Hollock's 
(Hohento) secretaryes information, are not yet receyved, by reason that 
they who should have delivered them, mist their way. And touching 
our fortifications here, ymedintly upon your Excelleneie's departure^ 
they all retired, by reason that they of Zelland doe not pay anything^ 
and besides finding the bad humour of our Burghmasters disposed 
rather to leave all things in so weake estate as they be then to have 
them amended." 

Lord [Willoughby] to [the Earl of Leicester], 

1517, August 2. — " I have indeavoured all I may, not only to prepare 
for th' ennemies coming, but to cut off by intelligencies some of his 
purposes. But for what appertaines to the towne, unless your 
Excellencie succours us we are sure of nothing. They procede like 
crabbs backward, advantagous to the ennemy and extreame daungerous 
to u:8. They have promised to imploy the 16000 florins of theirs upon 
theire owne inventions and fortifications in the new haven, and now 
they would consume even that title we have, to the oontynuance of their 
follies and abuse of yc»ure treasure. I beseach your Excellencie by open 
audience, discover these paltry proceedinges. For my owne parte I will 
with sutch soundues as becomes an honest man, averre and justify all 
things ; and if it were once brought to sutch a triall it would increase 
my trust. Riswick the cheif e plotter of these unessary ch ange, chalenges 
mutch from Mr. Gelligre. 

For matters abroade th'ennemy is very strong in horse and foote on 
this syd about Turnhout and that way, where they have cut downe 
your corne and are ruining it. I could have wishd your horse had 
comme soner and we had ben renforc'd, as I wrote in my last letters, 
with some companies of foote. It had ben to be hoped we mouo-ht 
have donne some good. I have yesterday sent letters to the contribu- 
torie townes to bring in a hundred wagons for the fortifications, and 
sent out some espies to th'ennemies camp, whereof your Excellencie 
shall be advertisd." Copy. 

The Same to the Same, 

1587, August 4. — "There is retorned yesternight an espyall of myne 
owne company who hath ben abroad, and reporteth that th'enemy 
marched yesterday from Turnhout to Hogstrate with eighteen cornets 
of horse and foui-teen ensiegnes of foot ; and there is intelligences from 
Antwerp that they are to be seconded by all the forces there, and the 
rumour is that they intend to sett downe before this towne, or Huysden. 



Jacques Tutelert to Lord Willoughby. mss. o» the 

1587, August 16 [new style]. Lillo. — I have received your letter awcabtee. 
informing me of the designs of the enemy upon this fort. As however — 

they can for the present do nothing on account of the full moon, I must 
decline your offer of assistance, especially as I have just received a 
strong reinforcement of infantry from my friends in Antwerp. The 
artilleryman {canonier) whom you mention, has been sent to Walcheren. 
My friends in Antwerp tell me that the enemy intend to attack Bergen- 
op-Zoom ; in any case their infantry are moving towanls Maeslricht. 
French. Signed, 

Count Maurice op Nassau to Lord Willoughbt. 

1587, August 18 [new style]. Antwerp. — Asking him to set at 
liberty a gentleman of Brabant named Van der Meeren, who was an old 
servant of his house and who was a prisoner at Bergen-op-Zoom. French, 
Signed. Seal of arms. 

Lieutenant Guilliame de Visscher to Lord Willoughby. 

1687| August 23 [new style]. Lillo. — Concerning runaway soldiers. 

The Elector of Cologne to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, August 24 [new style.]. Dordrecht. — ^A complimentary letter. 

PiETRO di Vuyteneecht to LoRD WiLLOUGHBY, Govemor of 


1587, August 27 [new style], Tholen. — Sending him a peasant with 
u ews from Antwerp. Italian, Seal of arms, 

Emmery de Lew to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, August 29 [new style]. Willemstadt. — Asking him to send the 
Irish hound {levrier d'Irlande) which he had promised to give him. 
French, Signed, Signet, 

Henry Herst to Lord [Willoughby]. 

1587, August 29 [new style]. Dordrecht.-— Informing him that he 
had written to the Marshall General begging him to ask his Excellency 
to write to all gentlemen out of the country who were in harmony with 
thei. views, to work for the cause ; and asking Lord Willoughby to 
do the same. French, Signed, 

Jaques Tutelert to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, September 1 [new style]. Lillo. — Informing him that a ser- 
geant of Bergen-op-Zoom who had just been liberated from the fort of 
Dordam had had some conversation during his imprisonment, with 
Mondragon, and that he had shared the lodging of the Governor of 
Dordam. He might therefore have some information to give French. 

GuiLLAUME de Poudre, Bailiff, to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, September 1 [new style]. Zierickzee. — Informing him that the 
new fortifications at Bergen-op-Zoom would be no use if the island of 
Tertole were not strengthened and the town of " Reymersveale " 
enclosed. French, Signed, 


^eael^op"^ p. Lord Willoughby to the Lord Marshai,. 

— * 1587, August 23. Bergen-op-Zoom. — <* I hartely thank your Lord- 

ship for your honnorahle remembrance to his Excelieneie for the 
necessities of this garrison, for wliich your Lordship writeth that his 
Excelieneie will geve present order. Yt is more then tyme yt were 
done, but yf anie inconvenience or extremitie shall happen through the 
want of yt, the fault wilbe held others and not myne, having discharged 
my duety with importunate solliciting of the same these six weekes at 
the least. 

When your Lordship writeth that his Excelieneie is displeased and 
discontented with me for rannsoming awaie some prisoners without 
acquainting him first therwith. I well hoped that my labours, hazard 
of my lief, and spoile of my living, adventured for his sake — wherin 
his bonde to me is farre greater then myne to him — might have letted 
him from light suspicion, bad coiiveyning, and hard an<l straite laeing 
to them that neither crave, nor have tasted, any liberalitie but from the 

I can not but think yt straunge that myseltf being a follower of his 
Excelieneie, and who have alwaies endevoured to awnswer his Excel- 
lencies expectation with all correspondencie of duetiefuU affection, 
should onely be made a president, when not any other is impeached, or 
so much as onece called in question in like case; drawing th'example 
eyther from Count Hollock his opposite, Schenk at Nays, or from 
tjommaundors of other places. 

If yt may be indifferently determined by th'auncient presidentes and 
customes of this garrison, I will not challenge that my person and 
qualitie hath deserved as much — spoken without disparagement to any 
— as those before remembred, or the cautionarie townes, with whom his 
Excelieneie doth £ot deale in like sorte. 

For your selflP, as I offered yow of curtesie what your selff would so 
yf there be due to yow, I hope your Lordship will draw the president 
from other garrisons rather then from so neare a frend as I think your 
Lordship holdes me : but when all is done the matter is not worth so much 
tis the paitrie drosse worketh, I respect more the priveledg of the place 
then proffit. I love to speake plaine. A Provost Marshall of Berghen 
councells not me, whom yf I had knowen to have offended, I could not 
have slacked to have punished ; and if he have misdone let him have 
his desertes. 

Judge better of me — my Lord — then that any petie companion minister 
or officer should overrule me, or a storme of any trouble disgrace me, 
having not done any thing which T would not have tryed before th' 
indifferent face of all men. 

Yt is true. I am and wilbe duetief ull where I am called to obedience ; 
yet right is due from the greatest to the meanest. 

I wish — though I have bene alwayes sett at the cartes tayle of all 
men in any meanes that might countervaile my charge — yet that I might 
be esteemed as I am and according to the place 1 hould, I would geve 
more then the raunsomes of all those that were brought to Berghes to 
resigne yt with the same good opinion I came to yt. 

To be short : what yow maie challenge off frendship is as large as 
your self will sett downe, and I professe yt simply without shadow : 
what of duety, must be referred to presidentes and martiall courtes 
determinable by a councell table. 

For his Excellencies displeasure I am right sorry for yt. 1 wish he 
had any could please him better. I nourish not my selff with any 
humour of honnour or proffit of this journey. I would I had paid the 

217 • 

best raunsome to depart with his favour, and purchase myne owne quiet MSS. op thb 

at my howse : and let others plaie their partes and sett forth their i^^xnt. 

greatnes. I am glad I know the world, and the very thing yt self of — 

these prisonners, which is now caryed like a huge mountaine in a miste, 

will prove but a skorne of ill intelligencers, when the world shall know 

my proceedinges. I need not send you any newes of oui* new Gover- 

nours in the Hand of Tertelle, the practise on foot between Sevenbergh 

and Huysden, how many shippes are launced into Andwerp river, 

whither th'enemy marcheth : for I am sure eyther they be but fables, 

or before this knowen unto you." 

JPostscnpt, — " The particularities of your secrets be more particulerly 
published at Antwerp, then — I think — the most of your selves know 
them there." Copy, 

The Lord Marshal to Lord [Willoughby]. 

1587, August. — " The circomstances of my letter are for want of apt 
construction taxed. Peruse them well and you shall find it matter 
answering what was prononc'd by you in his Excellencie behalfe, and no 
part thereof touching your selfe." 

" For Georgio Cressiere his ransom, it is not yet all out received, 
neither did I therein stand with you to render you your due. Knowing 
it by many presydents in that place your right, and I my selfe sutch a 
debtor, I hope as you dare trust for so mutche.'* 

The prisoners **are all straightly kept save Torrise. I wish he were 
in the Secretarie's hand to exchaung for Teligin, or to work some other 
feate in England withall, and on that condition " I wish his Excellency 
and you had them all. 

The Duke's army remains at Turnhout. It is affirmed constantly 
they come hither. Howsoever we are furnished, and attend their coming 
with earnest devotion. 

Lord Willoughby to [the Earl op Leicester]. 

1587, August 28. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Excusing himself and giving 
his reasons for having ransomed the prisoners. Copy, 

The Same to the Same. 

1587, August. — Sending Dr. Masset to solicit the States General for 
money. Copy. 

[Lord Willoughby to the Earl of Leicester.] 

1587, Septem.ber 2. — Having surprised two letters of th.e enemy's, 1 
send them to your Excellency. " The contents I leave to your judgment, 
and I do ^bt not but some part of them may move you to laugh. 

For our state at Berghen, it is as your Excellencie left it, but much 
porer. Great inconvenience is like to happen, for that ^e shall misse 
our weakly lendinges, if by your Excellencie's care and providence it be 
not prevented. The daunger of a malcontentment your Excellencie is 
the best judge of in sutch a fi'ontier place. 

The statesmen are redy to dy and mutin. My credit is determined 
with the towne who makes difficulties that no necessities or fortifications 
can be advanced because no restitution is mad of money alowed (?) by 
your Excellencie's owne order and mine, under them disbursed; so that 
all thinges remaines full of doubts and hazards. I cam hcther this day 
with Sir Rychard Brugham to geve what helpe 1 could ; but I find all 
things here so backward as I prevaile nothing of my labour and hope." 


MSg|0» THE JPotii&i'ipt.'^'^ 1 hope jour Excellencie will give me leave in this 
Ancaotsr. hard time, and priviledge, as well as others, to make my best of my 
owne prisoner, Martin de la Faile, wherein I sliall- nothing, hold mjselfe 
deceived of your honorable favour ever protested to roe." 

The Representatives of the States of Brabant to Lobd 


1587, September 12 [new style]. Dordrecht. — Sending him a copy 
of a petition addressed by Brabant to the States General. French. 
Two signatures. Signet, 

J. Legros to Lord Willoughbt. 

1587, September 15, new style. Axel. — Giving reports which had 
reached him concerning the proposed movements of the enemy. French. 

Colonel Cosmo de Pesarengis to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, September 20 [new style]. The Hague. — ^Asking for the 
release of one of his soldiers who had been taken prisoner w'ith Martin 
de la Faille. French. Signet. 

Admiral Justinus of Nassau to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, September 23 [new style]. The Fleet. — Sending him some 
arms which were on board the Brussels fleet. French, Signet. 

[Lord Willoughby to the Earl op LjaiCESTBB.] 

1587, September 15. — ** Having employed all my credit, labour, and 
travayle, for the sustenance of the poor and miserable souldiours here, 
who now at last being driven to a marvailous great extremitie, I am 
told in the most humblest and earnest manner that I may recommend 
their distressed estate unto yow. I know your Excellencio's continuall 
and most honnorable care for your poore souldiours, but I am very well 
assured that yf your Excellencie had ey ther seen or heard their case, 
yt would not a little have moved your compassion to their remedy. 
And although it be a great want unto them to lacke victualles and 
provision, yet is the same so much the greater by reason of the absence 
of divers of their captains and oflBicers, by whose presence and orderly 
care they might have been much eased, and inconveniencies the better 
prevented, whereunto they are dayly subiect. 

I doubt not but your Excellencie will take order to send both thence 
and thether where the necessitie is so great. And as for provision of 
victuall for these poore companyes in the States pay, yf yt shall stand 
with your Excellencie's pleasure to authorise me to receyve the con- 
tributions of the countree, I doe not doubt but to relieve them, much to 
your honour, and the advancement of the service. And that it may biB 
cleered to jour Excellencie that I seeke yt not for any benefit to my 
selfP, I desire that yt might like yow to joyne with me therin, Sir 
Richard Bruojham and the Sergeant Maior Generall, or whom other 
you shall think meet, for I am daily so ymportuned with their continual! 
necessityes, as having already stretched my credyt to the uttermost, I 
know not how any longer to relieve them." 

The only news is that ** Counts Hollocks and Maurice came downe 
yesterday to the flett, for whose arrivall ther was much triumph as 


that ther was whole tries of cannon shott pealing, and volleys of ^^^* <^»^tiie 
srcall shott continued for the space of three or four hours^ insomuch ancabter. 
that all in Bergen " supposed the cnemye's fleet had assailed them and 
that they had been wonderfully hotly engaged. The poor souldiers 
wished they had had but the third part of the value of that that was so 
vaynly shott aw^ey, to have filled their hongry bellyes. 

They of Lillo have taken very rich prisoners, Italians and merchants. 
The Italians being men of very great qualitie and very well apparelled." 

The Same to the Same. 

Same date. — It is said the enemy's camp is appointed to rise 
presently. They remain yet at Turnjiout. 

Colonel Bax and his brethren .under cover of requiring money due 
for their entertainment, send out soldiers into Guelderland who commit 
many outrages with hon-ible murders, unto such as have your Excellency's 
safeguard and protection, whereby the country is much spoiled. If you 
would give order that they might be paid out of the contributrons of 
the country it would satisfy them. 

Touching Monsieur de ** Thorise," I will do my endeavour to 
compound with the soldiers for him for as reasonable a ransom as I can. 

On the same sheet is a copy of another letter from Lord Willoughby 
to the Earl of Leicester, dated September II , from Ber gen-op- Zoom. 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1 587, September 1 8. — " Upon Saturday last at night my selfF with 
some nombre both of horse and foot went out in hope to have done 
some enterprise upon [ ], but by misfortune two of our wagons, 
wherin were our chieffest engines and fireworkes, broke by the way and 
unluckely feil into the water ; by meanes whereof our staie being the 
longer before we came there, and the latter parte of ttie night proving 
somewhat light, we were discovered and th'alai'me geven before we 
could come to doe any thing, so that we retorned ymmediately. 

At my goyng forth I had geven order to some horsmen of my 
companie to goe toward the Prince's camp to learne some tongue of 
their intention, or to see yf they could take auy prisoners by whom we 
might receyve any certan intelligence. 

By the way beyond Callempthowt they met yesterday marching 
hitherwai'd the Marques of Grasta accompanyed with 2500 horse ; and 
thinking me to be abroad, supposed yt had bene my company, and so 
without dowbt or suspitlon aproched to them and were overthrowen, 
some sore hurt and other some taken prisoners ; onely of seventeen 
there escaped but two. 

In th'aftemoone the alarme came hither to us to Berghen, but with 
some twenty or thirty horse; wherupon we sallyed, but they staied 
not our comming, and: the Marques himselff came not much neerer then 
Calempthout; we went within two English miles of them, and so 
finding some of our men lying there hurt, returned and brought them 
with us. 

Before our men were overthrowen they had taken one that came from 
Coradin who told them that he heard yt reported from his master that 
Count Hollack had promised the delivery of Lillo, Huysden, and 
Gertrudenberghen, to th'enemy, and that for certaine their camp is 
apoyncted to rise this week ; and how like yt is that their disseigne 


^^ifiRL op"^ is for this place, the manner of the Marques his presenting in such 
Ancaster. sort may geve great presumption. 

And besides this bearer, a sergeant of Captain Yredalls, can advertise 
your Excellencie of certain reportes of Mounsieur la Roche, for which 
purpose I send him unto yow." 

The Same to [the Same], 

lo87, September 22. — See ^^ Five Generations of a Loyal House j'^ 
p. 134. Copy, 

The Same to the Same. 

1587, September. — See ** Five Generations of a Loyal House^^ 
p. 137. Copy, 

The Bailiff, Burgomasters, and Sheriffs of Tertollk, to 

Lord Willoughby. 

1587, October 7 [new style]. Tertolle. — Sending him a present of 
faggots for the use of the soldiers. French, 

The Same to the Same. 
Same d-ite and place. — On the same subject. French. 

The Representatives of the Estate of Braba9^t to 

Lord Willoughby. 

1587, October 10 [new style]. Delft.— On behalf of the Estates of 
Brabant. French. Two signatures. Signet, 

Louise de Coligny, Princess of Orange to Lord Willoughby. 

[1587,] October 23 [new style]. Flushing. — Concerning the release 
of the Secretary Grimaldi and the Sieur de ** Thoures." French. 

Lord [Willoughby] to [the Earl of Leicester]. 

1587, October 14. — Informing him of the capture of a gentleman 
whose ransom was estimated to be four or five thousand florins. 

The Same to the Same. 

1587, October 16. — The reports of the gentlemen who were brought 
in prisoners here, touching the great levy of m?n, preparation of mu- 
nition, and tools, and instruments for pioneers, is confirmed for certain. 

Captain Barnard, a Frenchman who went forth hence, is returned, 
and advertises for certain that the Governor of West Friesland has 
marched to the Duke's camp with thirty companies of foot, and four 
companies of horse. I have also ascertained by some peasants who are 
come hither that the company from Sluys are already arrived at 
Turnhout. How far all these occasions may tend to gather the 
enemies intentions your Excellency can best conceive ; wherefore I most 
humbly beseech you to assist us with the companies that I remembered 
before unto your Excellency. Copy. 

[The Same to the Same]. 

1587, October 25. Bergen-op-Zoom. — The enemy's intention for 
this place is diversely confirmed. There is returned from their camp at 
Turnhout a drum of mine who ascertaineth me that Sir William Stanley 
"with all his regiment is come thither and that he saw them come 


marching in. Ihere were looked for at the camp last night 3,000 new mss.-of thi 
Italians who were marching within a little of them. The Marquis still Axcasteb 
holds ray trumpet, but it is reported by a trumpet of theirs who has come — 

hither that it is for no other occasion but while they have sent to the 
Prince to know his pleasure touching the former challenge. And it 
may well be that if they mean to attempt this place, they will the rather 
enter into the action to draw forth so many brave men into it. There- 
fore I beseech you to ascertain me of your pleasure therein, and that if 
we shall proceed in it, that you will lend me a horse and assist us with 
some new supply of gentlemen for the aeconiplishment of the same. 

I would also ask for some money, which I am utterly without, neither 
is there any to be borrowed in all the laud. I have bestowed much in 
reinforcing my company and new apparelling them, and cannot have my 
account for them, but above all other men am least respected by the 
Treasurer. Copy, 

[The Same to the Same.] 

[1587, October.] — Informing him that he had heard from a spy that 
Mondragon had obtained a footing in the fort of Lillo and intended to 
make an attempt on it that night. Copy, 

The Samk to the Same. 

1587, October. Bergen-op-Zoom. — rLast night came home my spy. 
His advertisements were that the Prince is very retired at Brussels, so 
that none may speak with him. An Abbot from West Friesland arrived 
lately, making great complaints of our people. There are great rumours 
of reinforcements, and it is privily whispered that Bergen will be 
attempted. Copy, 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1687, October. — A memorial concerning the pay of the soldiers. 
Sent by Captain Salisbury, Copy, 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1587, October. — A memorial concerning prisoners and the pay of the 
soldiers. Sent by Captain Martin, Copy, 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1587, October. — Defending himself from accusations which had been 
brought agaiust him, and begging for assistance. Copy, 

Matthias de L'Obel to Lord Willoughby, Governor of 


1587, November 10 [new style]. Middelburg. — Sending him pills 
and an ointment for a friend ; also sending messages to Sir John and 
the Countess. French, 

[The Same to the Same.] 
No date. — Sending pastilles and ointment. 

Louise de Colignt, Princess of Orange to Lord Willoughby. 

1587, November 11 [new style]. Leyden. — Concerning the exchange 
of the prisoners ** de Torreze and Grimaldy " for Monsieur de Teligny. 
French, Signed.^ 


EiLBLOP The States General to Lord Willouohbt, Governor of 

Ancastbe, Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1587, November 17 [new style]. The Hague. — ^Requesting him to 
receive George Matrnyt as their commissioner. French, Signed. 

Lord [Willoughby] to 

[1587, Isovember.] — Relating the ill treatment he had received 
concerning the prisoners. Copy, 

Lord [Willoughby] to [the Earl of Leicester]. 

1587, November 8 [old style]. Bergen-op-Zoom. — As the States 
make no great haste to send any reinforcement of men, I would require 
your Excellency that Colonel Fremyn's company might rise from Axell 
and come hither. The States will succour them more than us '* for 
Pifron depends upon them, and Counte Solmes hathe speciall interest 
and comaundment in the man. Your Excellencie can judge howe uncer- 
tftine yt is is to knowe the enemies resolucon, and how neeessarie to 
prevente the wurste. I doubt not but my Lord Marshall and Jenibell 
have informed you of our wants." 

Postscript, — *' Mondragon hath begune at Bruxells to conferre about 
theis matters in hande, being a man well acquainted by his owne 
practise with the state of theis parts. There is launchett at Antwerpt 
five hundred flatt bottom boates. * They of Lillo looke every footeto be 
assailed by them and the reste. 

All the Italian companies are marched from Turnehoulte to Antwerpe. 
The Marques of Guaata with his troupes remaine still at Turneholte. 
It is likelie that shower will fall here with some darke mone, yf you 
mak us not stronger. They knowe our weakenes and mortalitie. 

The Duke of Parma marched yesterdaie to Malines with the newe 
Italian companies. All the saddles and launces provided are shipped 
this daie. The Duke is looked for att Antwerpe." Copy, 

Maillart Maertius to Lord Willoughby, Governor of Bergen- 

1587, November 28 [new style]. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Sending him a 
letter from Colonel Mondragon. French, Seal of arms, 

P. Lord Willoughby to the Lord Marshal of the forces in 


1587, November 19. Bergen-op Zoom. — ** I thanke your Lordship 
for your caret ulnes. I know we shall have all things supplied in good 
will, and attend laizure. lam inforsed to be somewhatt sharp. I know 
not whence it riseth, but men grow most careles of their duties. When 
the time most requiretb, my officers go hence without leave, and suflTers 
their gardes to be unkepte, so that they ennemy sends and receaves 
intelligences by corruptions of the gards. And our men runne away daly 
notwithstanding their hath been proclamed straight penal lawes to sutch 
gurders, and as good order as may be set downe. There is now absent 
Captain Vavasour's lieutenant without my leave. Himselfe hath been 
long sick and his auncient also. For want of loking to there hath ben 
soni fault on his gardes. If you would call his lieutenant, sharply 
reprove him, and cause his Excellencie as of his owne care to have 
discipline observed, your Lordship shall do good to the service." 


[Lord Willoughbt to the Earl of Leicester.] ^'^ai^of^^ 

[1587, November.] — A memorial of matters to be considered on hig A-wumbr. 
behalf before his Excellency's departure. Copy, 

Captain Paul Bax to Lord Willoughby, General. 

[15] 87, December 3 [new style]. — A letter of congratulation upon 
receipt of the news of Lord Willoughby's appointment [as general of 
the forces], and regret at his departure from Bergen-op-Zoom. French. 

Count Maurice of Nassau to Caftains John, Paul, and 
Marsilius, Bax, at Bergen-op-Zoom. 

1587, December 12 [new style] On board the Bier ol let. — Directing 
them to proceed with their companies to Stanesand and await his orders 
there. French, Signed. Seal of arms. 

Captain Paul Bax to Lord Willoughby, General. 

1587, December 16.-^ Asking him whether they were to obey the 
orders of Count Maurice. French, Signet. 

M. Maertius to Lord Willoughby, General of the Infantry. 

[15] 87, December 16. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Concerning the provision 
of horses for the cavalry, and enclosing a letter from [Sir William] Read, 
Governor of Bergen. French, 

The Estates of Brabant to [Lord Willoughby]. 

[c. 1587]. — Concerning the questions in dispute between them and the 
States General. French. Copy, 

Count de Meurs to [Lord Willoughby]. 

1588, January 22, old style. The Hague. — Infoi-ming him that the 
city of Utrecht was unable any longer to maintain the troop of horse 
quartered there, and requesting him to remove them to some other 
quarters. French. Copy, 

Adolf, Count of Neuwenar to Lord Willoughby, General of 

the English forces. 

1588, January 22, old style. Utrecht. — Informing him that he had 
heard that Count Bohenlo intended to make an expedition ngainst some 
of the hostile cities in his government of Guelderland, and promising to 
give all the assistance in his power. French, Signed. 

[Lord Willoughby] to Deventer, Burgomaster [of Utrecht]. 

1588, January 24, old style. — Sending the Sergeant Major to confer 
with him, being unable to come himself on account of indisposition 
French. Copy, 

The Burgomaster of Zervol to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, February 7, new style.— Enclosing copy of their letters to the 
Count de Neuwenar and the States General. German, Copy, 


MSB. OP THE Gerbhard fTRucHSEssl, ElectoF of Coloene to Lord Willoughby. 

£ASL op l j' o 

Afcasteb. [15]88, February 10, old style. Houstadyck. — Asking for a convoy 

for his servant. French, 

[Lord Willoughby] to the States of Utrecht. 

1588, February 12, new style. The Hague. — Promising to pay the 
charges for the English troops at Utrecht out of the first moneys 
received from England. French, Copy, 

The Queen to the States General of Holland. 
1587 [-8], February 12 [old style], Greenwich. — Concerning their 
hostility to persons well disposed to herself. French, Copy, See State 
Papers, Holland^ Vol, 50. 

The Qdeen to her *' cousin," Count Maurice op Nassau. 

1587[-8], February 13, old style. — On the same subject as the pre- 
ceding letter. French, Copy, See State Papers, Holland^ Vol, 50, 

The Queen to her ** cousin," Count Hohenlo. 

I587[-8], February 13 [old style]. — On the same subject. French. 
Copy. See State Papers, Holland, Vol, 50. 

The Queen to [Lord Willoughby]. 

[1588], February [13], old style. — Extracts from a letter to be shewn 
to the States General. French, See State Papers, Holland^ Vol, 50, 
Jbr an entire copy of the letter in English, 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1588, February [12 ?, old style.] — Instructions to settle the disputes 
between the States General and the city of Utrecht, and also to interfere 
on behalf of Colonel Sonoy and the captains of Naerden, who were 
unwilling to alter the terms of their oath. French. Copy, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby, General of the 

Queen's forces. 

1588, February 23, new style. The Hague. — Eequesting him to send 
orders to the Lieutenant Governor of Bergen op Zoom to permit the 
company under Colonel Frewin to leave that town and go to Rotterdam. 
Signed by Qhx.HnygQn^. French, Seal of arms, 

[Lord Willoughby] to Sir William Read. 

[15]88, February 23, new style. Utrecht. — Concerning the payment 
of troops out of the contributions received from Brabant. French, 

Count Maurice of Nassau. 
1588, February 24 [new style]. Horn. — His Excellency having seen 
an extract of a resolution of the Council of Naerden by which it appears 
that Captiain Rancy having been asked by the said Council if he would 
obey the pateut of his Excellency of Nassau, replied, that according to 
the charge given him by the Earl of Leicester, he could not quit the 
place unless his F>xcellency and their Lordships, the States of Holland, 
should by deed declare to him that he was no longer oblrged to obej the 
orders of the Earl of Leicester. Wherefore his Excellency, by advice of 
the deputies of the States of Holland, declares by these presents that the 
above mentioned captain and all other persons under the government of 
Holland, Zealand, and Westfriesland, are not bound to obey the orders 
and commands which the Earl of Leicester laid upon them before his 
departure. French, Copy, 


The Council of State to Loed Willoughby. ^ll'Bxfoi^^ 

[15]88, February 26, new style. The Hague.— Recommending him ^^^±^J^ 
to keep an eye upon Captain Salisbury who was suspected of being in 
communication with the enemy. French, Signed hy G. Gilpin. 

[Lord Willoughby] to Count Hohenlo. 

1588, February 17, old style. Utrecht. — Expostulating with him in 
the name of the Queen for attacking the house of Councillor Brakel. 
French, Copy, 

William Bakdesius to the Council of State. 

1588, February 27 [new style]. Verwaertshone near Medenblick. — 
Conceiiiing the disputes about the pay of the soldiers at Medenblick. 
French, Copy, See State Papers^ Holland, Vol. 50. 

Loud Willoughby to the Council of State. 

1588, February 18, old style. Utrecht. — Informing them that 
Count Brakel had come to him to expostulate at th3 action of Count 
Hohenlo who was besieging his castle of Brakel in North Holland. 
French. Copy, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, February 29, new style. The Hague. — Regretting to hear of 
the attack made by Count Hohenlo on the house of Brakel, and enclosing 
a copy of the preceding letter. Signed by Chr. Huygens. French. 
See State Papers, Holland, Vol. 50. 

Lord Willoughby. 

1588, February. — ^A list of the correspondence of Lord Willoughby 
concerning his charge, during the month of February. 

Paul Buys to [Lord Willoughby]. 

[ 1 588 ] , March 7, new style. Amsterdam. — Concerning the disbanding . 
of the company of Captain James de Rancy. French. Copy, 

Captain James de Rancy to Colonel Colthagh (?) at Utrecht^ 

1588, March 8, new style. Naerden. — On the same subject. French. 

Gerard Proninck, called Devbnter, to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, February 29, old style. Utrecht. — On the same subject. 
French, Signed, 

The Queen to the States General. 

1587[-8], March 12, old style. Greenwich,- -Exhorting them to 
union, and appointing Lord Willoughby and Mr. Killigrew mediators 
between them. French. Copy. See State Papers, Holland, Vol. 51. 

The Queen to Count Maurice [of Nassau]. 

1587 [-8], March 18, old style. Greenwich. — Urging him to parge^ 
himself from the imputations made upon him in respeot to Colonel Sonoy, 
and informing him of the appointment of Lord Willoughby and Mr, 
Killigrew to settle the matter. French. Copy. See Slate Papers,, 
Holland, Vol. 51. 

E 64159. l> 


M*^. OF THE 

FJ^cSJ^ Lord Willoughbt to [the States General]. 

"^ 1588, March 25^ The Hague. — " Aprez avoir nagueres delivre lettres 

de sa Majeste et faict certaines propositions de la part dicelle h 
Tendroiet du Collonnel Sonoy, surquoy ont ensuiviz diverses communi- 
cations de ulterieures procedures, sans touttes fois avoir receu finalle 
resohitions de V.S., n'ay sceu obmectre pour la discharge de mon devuoir 
d'advertir sa Majeste sincerement de tout qu'estoit pass^. A laquelle il 
a pleu respondre qn'aiaht veu mes lettres addresses taut a sa dite 
Majeste que aultres, et enteudant que la principale cause qu'a esmen le 
Cpllonnel Sonoy a refuser de se conformer a la demande de V. S. estoit 
en respect du senueut pruis a son Excellence, Monsieur le Comte de 
Leycester comme lieutenant de sa dite Majeste. Et comme depuis le 
dit Sieur Comte a resigne son gouvernenient general qu'il tint pardeca, ce 
qu'estoit par acte de resignation envoie au Sieur Herbert, estant a cause 
du quel partement dicelluy n*a este delivree, sinon puis nagueres quand 
Paultre acte estoit renvoie au Sieur Killegrew pour la presenter a V. S. 
Ce que sa dite Majeste aussi espere estre faict. Je vous ay a declarer 
qu'icelle en tend main ten ant que les deux poincts differentianx touchant 
la reformation de la commission du dit Sonoy en Tamoindrissement de 
son gamison en la dite ville soient pas luy cedez et accordez, 
moyennaut qu'il y soit continue en sa charge comme du passe, sur 
assurance que sa dite Majeste veult que vous soyt faict, qu'il se comportera 
dorsenavant avecq obeissance a la deue execution de tels commande- 
ments que luy seront faicts de la part de V. S. 

Et afin que le dit Collonnel aie cognoissance, tantde la dite asignatioD, 
comme au-ssy que cecy est le plaisir de sa dite Majeste, ioelle m'a com- 
mande que j'envoiasse quelque gentilhomme de ma part pour d'aultant 
plus tost adjurer le dit Collonnel a se conformer en ce que dessus, estant 
en effect aultant que par c'y devant par V. S. n'est presente et requis du 
dit Sonoy, vous pouvant assurer qu'accordant au plaisir de sa dite 
Majeste a I'endroict que dessus sera donne singulier contentement a 
icelle. M'aiant aussi decharge qu'aprez I'establissement d'ung couseil 
d'estat selon le contenn du traicte, je m'emploieroy d'assister par touts 
mouers possibles a viuder et mettre fin a touttes jalousies, diversions, 
differences, et questions, goneralles et particulieres, et que tout ordre 
souvenable soit mis pour le bien conservation et service du pais." 
Three copies, two of which are in Dutch, and one signed 6y JLard 

The States General to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, Apiil 3, new style. — Replying to the proposals made by the 
Queen on the 12th of February, old stylo, concerning Colonel Sonoy. 
Dutch, Signed : J. Aerseus. See State Papers, Holland, Vol, 51. 

The Same to the Samb. 

Same date. — Another copy of the above. At the end it is stated that 
this reply was presented to Lord Willoughby by the deputies of the 
States at his hotel at the Hague on the 4M of April li88, new style. 

Sir John Winqfield to the States General. 

1588, April 4, new style. Bergen op Zoom. — Warning them against 
putting too much reliance on the proposals for peace. French, Copy^ 


LoBD WiLLOUGHBX to the Stxtes Genebal. Em'oV" 

1588, April 5, new style. The Hague. — ^Concerning the fitting out of — - 

twenty ships by the States. French. Two copies. Enclosed is a copy 
of part of a letter from Sir Francis Walsingham on the same subject. 

Lord Willoughby to his agent, Etienne Le Sieur at Aruheim. 

1588, April 6, new style. The Hague. — Concerning the President of 
the Provincial Council of Friesland wlio had been confined to his 
house ; and giving orders that no mention was to be made of the 
President's affairs at the assembly of the States, as the matter was to be 
ijettled by the Council of State. French, Copy, 

Lord Willoughby to Monsieur de Aysina, President of [the 

Council of Friesland]. 

1588, April 6, new style. The Hague. — To the same effect as the 
preceding letter. French, Copy. 

Hessel Aysina to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 6, new style. Leuwardon. — Informing him of the 
arrival in that town of Monsieur Poelgeest, Secretary Zuylen and 
Pensionary Copper, who had been seut there by the States General at 
the request of the deputies. French. 

Count William Louis of Nassau to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, March 27, old style. Leuwarden. — " J'ay receu vos lettres et 
complains avec vous le miserable estat de ce pouvre pais, tant plus qu'il 
semble que quelques uns que le desiroient soulager et cercher reaiedes 
vont augmentans les miseres et accelerans sa mine. Dieu face qu'ils se 
recoojnoissent quelque jour, et que toutes les dissensions et dissidcnces 
ostees, nous puissions unanimement travailler a Taugmentation de sa 
gloirc et conservation de son eglise, laquelle n'est environne que de trop 
d'ennemiz mortels, ayant jure sou extirpation, sans que par discorde 
domestique nous la nuisions nous mesmes. Quant a moy je m'esforcerai 
pour demour toujours le mesme en continuant de plus en plus la 
sainte querelle pour laquelle beaucoup de mes proches parens ont laisse 
leur vies, y ayant aussi dedi^ la mienne quand 11 plaira a Dieu ; et ne 
laisserai en c« petit gouvernement mien de faire mon possible, a fin que 
les discordes puissent estre assopies et deracinees. 

Les estats de Prize ne sont pas assemblees pour le present, mais je 
communiquerai vos lettres avec Jem* deputez ordinaires, pour adviser 
ensemble en diligence de tout ce qui eera necessaire en ung affaire di si 
grande importance, voire, dont depend tout ce qui nous doit estre le plus 
recommande en ce monde." Signed, Seal of arms. 

Lord Willoughby to Captain Rangy. 

1588, April 6, new style. The Hague. — Concerning the movement 
of troops. French. Copy. 

Adolf, Count of Neuwenar to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, March 27, old style. Arnheim.— Conoerning the moyementl^ of 
troops. French, Signed. 

p 2 


MM^THB [Lord Willouqubt] to the States GeiCERAL. 

AwoASTBB. 1538^ April 7, new style. The Hague. — Concerning the movements 

of troops. French. Copy, 

Colonel Sonoy to Lord Willouqhby. 

1588, April 7, new style. The Castle and house of Medenblick.— 
Assuring him of the good understanding which subsisted in that towu 
between the well disposed inhabitants and the soldiery. French trans ' 
lation/rom the Flemish. Copy. 

Captain de Soissons and another to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 9 [new style]. Naerden. — Informing him of an attempt 
by the enemy on the town of Amersfoort. French, Signed. 

Captain Rangy. 

1588, March 30, old style. Utrecht. — An account cf the examination 
of Captain Rancy made by G. de Proninck, concerning the condition of 
the town of Naerden. French. Signed, 

The Magistrates op Utrecht to Lord Willoughby. 
1588, March 30 [old style]. — On business. Dutch, Seal of arms. 

Lord Willoughby to the Magistrates op Uteeoht. 

1588, March 31, old style. The Hague. — An answer to the preced- 
ing letter. Dutch, Copy. 

The States General to the Magistrates op Uteecht. 

1588, April 11, new style. — Concerning the affairs of Captain Rancj. 
Dutch. Copy, 

The States op Holland to the Magistrates op Utrecht. 

1588, April 11, new style. The Hague. — On the same subject. 
Dutch, Copy. 

Lord Willoughby to Count Maurice op Nassau. 

1588, April 11, new style. The Hague. — Concerning the affairs of 
Sir William Drury. French. Copy. 

Louise de Coligny, Princess op Orange to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 11, new style. Middelburg. — On behalf of a soldier 
named Saint Laurent, a native of the town of Orange, who had been 
imprisoned. French, Signed, 

Count Maurice of Nassau to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 2, old style. The Hague. — Concerning Colonel Sonoy. 
Dutch. Signed, Eleven pages. 

Count Maurice of Nassau to the States General. 

1588, April 12, new style. The Hague. — Begging that Sir William 
Drury might be relieved from the governorship of the town of Bergen- 
op-Zoom. French, Copy. 


Lord Willoughbt to the Captains, Officebs, and Soldiers, of mm. oi ths 

Nakrden. AvoSma. 

1588, April 13, new style. — Concerning Colonel Dorp. Dutch. Copy, 

Lord Willoughbt to Captain Soissons and another. 

1588, April 13 [new style]. The Hagne. — An answer to their letter 
of the 9th of April new style, French. Copy. 

Lord Willoughbt to the Magistrates op Utrecht. 

1588, April 3, old style. — Concerning the movement of troops. Dutch. 

Lord Willoughbt to H. Killigrew, Sir William Bebd, 
Sir John Milford, and George Gilpin. 

1 588, April 3, old style. The Hague.— Authorising them to proceed 
to Medenblick, in his place, to confer with Colonel Sonoy. Dutch, Two 

The States op Utrecht to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, April 5, old style. Utrecht. — Stating their inability to continue 
their payment of the troops. Dutch. 

The Magistrates op Utrecht to Lord Willoughbt. 
1588, April 5 [old style^. — On the same subject. Dutch, 

Lord Willoughbt to Count Maurice of Nassau. 

1588, April 6, old style. Utrecht. — Concerning Captain Rancj. 

G. DB Proninck to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, April 6, old style. Utrecht — Concerning Captain Bancy. 
French. Signed, 

The Same to the Same. 

1588, April 7 [old style]. Utrecht. — Sending Captain Blunt to him. 
French. Signed, 

[Lord Willoughbt] to the Magistrates of Utrecht. 

1588, April 7, old style. — ^An answer to their letter of the 5th April. 
Dutch. Copy. 

[Lord Willoughbt] to the States of Utrecht. 

1588, April 8, old style. The Hague. — In answer to their letter of 
the 5th of April old style. French. Copy. 

The States of Overtssel to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, April 8, old style. Kampen. — Thanking him for propositions 
brought to them by Monsieur le Sieur. Dutch, Seal of arms. 

The States of Utrecht to Lord Willoughbt, 

1588, April 11. Utiecht. — Concerning the advances of money 
required for the support of the English garrison. Dutch. 


MfW.optHB The States Genxsal to Lobo WiLLOUOBkr. . 

Aj«?a8teb. 1588, ^pril 21, new style. The Hague. — Informing him that they 

* were sending the Sieur de Vanderhek, pensionary of Flushing, to Bergen- 

op-Zoom. French, Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 

Same date and place. — Requesting him to send reinforcements to 
Bergeu- op-Zoom. French. Seal of arms. 

G. DE Froninck to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 12, old style. Utrecht. — Concerning the supply of 
horses for the army. French, Signed, 

The States op Zealand to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 22, new style. Middelburg. — Hoping that all the 
differences which had arisen in that island might be settled. French^ 
Seal of arms, 

[Lord Willoughby] to Count de Meors. 

1.588, April 13, old style. Medenblick — Concerning the movements 
of troops, and the unwillingness of the city of Utrecht to receive hia 
company for a few days. French. Copy, 

The Ministers of Medenblick to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 24, new style. Medenblick. — Petition on behalf of the 
oppressed citizens of Medenblick, and particularly those of the reformed, 
religion. Latin, Copy. 

Captain James Cristal to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 25, new style. Medenblick. — Asking for his arrears of 
pay. Latin. Signed, 

P. Lord Willoughby to Colonel Sonoy, and the officers 

and soldiers of Medenblick. 

1588, April 25, new style. Medenblick. — Declaration promising 
payment of the arrears due to them. Three copies ; two inJDutck, one 
of ivhich is signed by Lord Willoughby^ and one in French, 

The Soldiers of Medenblick to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 26^ new style. The Castle of Medenblick.— In answer 
to the preceding declaration, and asking that the payments might be 
made with as little delay as possible. Two copies^ one in Dutchy one in 

[Lord Willoughby] to the Magistrates of Bergen-op-Zoom. 

[15j88, April 25, new style. Medenblick. — Notifying them of the 
appointment of Sir William Drury as governor of their town, and 
requesting their good offices on his behalf. French, Copy, 

[Lord Willoughby] to the Magistrates of Utrecht. 

1588, April 15, old style. Medenblick. — Regretting that he had not 
been able to come to Utrecht and settle matters there, in consequence 
of the troubles at Medenblick. French. Copy, 


[Lord Willocghby] to Count Hohenlo. EAMfop^^ 

1588, April 16, old style. Medenblick. — Sending Mm a copy of a i4p»> 

letter he had received from Gertrudenburg, and promising to come to 
meet him at Dordrecht. French, Copy, 

Adolf, Count of Neuwenar to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, April 17, old style. Utrecht. — Promising to send him fifty 
horses to Arnheim. French* Signed, 

Lord Willoughby to the Stats^ of Friesland. 

1588, April 27, new style. Medenblick — Expostulating with them 
for the ill-treatment received by President Hessel Aysina and other 
persons who were well disposed to the Queen. French, Copy, 

The States General to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, April 27, new style. The Hague.—- Asking him to be at the 
Hague by the following Monday in order to be present at the installation 
of the Council of State. French. Seal of anns. 

[Lord Willoughby] to the States General. 

1588, April 19, old style. Medenbh'ck. — Promising to come t^o the 
Hague as soon as possible. French, Copy, 

Count Maurice of Nassaxt to the Magistrates of Enkhuizen. 

1588, April 30, new style. Medenblick. — Concerning the punishment 
of certain soldiers who had spoken ill of the Queen of England, on board 
ship before Medenblick. Dutch, Copy, 

[Lord Willoughby] to the Inhabitants of Medenblick. 

1588, April 30, new style — Proclamation for the pacification and 
settlement of all the disputes and differences which had arisen in Meden- 
blick. French. Copy, 

The States General to the Magistrates of Nuarden. 

1588, May 6 [old style]. The Hague. — Concerning Colonel Dorp. 
Dutch, Copy. 

The Queen to the States General. 

[15] 885 May 30, new style. — Concerning the ill treatment which 
Colonel Schenck complained of having received at their hands. French. 
Copy. See State Papers , Fbreign, Holland, Vol, 53, same date. 

Colonel Schenck. 

[iri]88. May 30, new style. — Questions addressed to the Council of 
State on behalf of Colonel Schenck, with their answers thereto. French,. 
Copy, Enclosed in the preceding letter. See State Papers, Foreign, 
Holland, Vol, 53, sa'tne date. 

Lord Willoughby to the Garrison of Verb. 

1588, June 20, new style. Middelburg.*— A proclamation. Dutch,^ 


iflss. OP THE Loud Willoughbt. 

Earl of 

Ancastbb. 1588, July. — ^A list of the papers concerning the charge of Lord 

Willoughby in the Low Countries, during the month of July J -588. 
French. This list corresponds with the papers calendared. 

Colonel Fremin to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, July 1, new style. Bergen[-op- Zoom].— Concerning the loss of 
the castle of Wouw. Seal of arms. 

Leonardo — to his " brother " Monsieur d'Amant, Chancellor of 
Brabant and President of Flanders, at Madrid. 

1588, July 3, new style Brussels. — "Nous sommes icy attendant 
d'heure a aultre I'arivee de I'armee navale dont la Capitaine Morosino 
nous en at grandement augmente Tespoir par ces nouvelles de Tavoir 
laissee en raer, dont il en arriva nagueres a Dunkerche, et vous asseure 
qu'elle nous fait icy grand besoing pour descouvrir Pintention de ces 
deputez d'Angleterre quy semblent n'altendre pour se resouldre par tant 
^de longueurs, que a quelle fin qu'elle demandrat, pour en ce cas se deter> 
miner. Mais ropinion de plusieurs est que n'aurons repos que de la 
veoir victorieuse, dont son Altese se tient tout prest a la recorder au 
poinct de son arrivee avecq bon nombre de batteaux bien esquippes, 
esperant que Dieu nous armerat de vigueur, donnant la crainte aux 
ennemis, puisque c'est pour Taugmentation de sa gloire et Padvancement 
de notre liberte. Nous en verrons en pen de jours qnelque eflTect." Two 
copies. Endorsed ^^Littre intercepted^ 

[Lord Willoughbt] to tlie States of Overyssel. 

1588, July 4, new style. The Hague. — Urging them to keep on 
good terms with the Council of State and the United Provinces. Dutch, 

{Lord Willoughby] to the Governors and other officers of the 

towns of Friesland. 

1588, July 4, new style. The Hague. — A safe conduct for the bearer, 
Aysina, who was a messenger from the Queen. French. Copy. 

Lord Willoughby to the Council of State. 

1588, July 4. The Hague. — Stating that as the Queen had refused to 
allow a cessation of arms to the Prince of Parma, it was very important 
that the towns of Bergen-op-Zoom and Ostend should be well supplied 
with ammunition and provisions. French. Copy, 

Lord Willoughby to the Magistrates of Dordrecht. 

1588, July 7, new style. The Hague. — Thanking them for pupplyir<y 
bis company with oats. French. Copy. 

Lord Willoughby to Monsieur du Fay, ambassador from 

the King of Navarre. 

1588, July 7, new style. The Hague.— Concerning three French 
soldiers who had deserted. French. Copy. 


Elias Le Leon " Drossart " (Judge) of Bergen-op-Zoom to MSS. oi thb 

Lord Willoughby, at tlie Hague. j^cajitbb. 

1888, July 8, new style. Bergen op- Zoom. — Asking that Sir William 
Drury might not be removed from the governorship of the town. 

Lord Willoughby to Monsieur Dansick, French Ambassador 

to Denmark. 

1588, July 8, new style. The Hague. — ^** De I'estat des Provinces 
Unies des Pays Bas, a la defense et protection desquelles je tiens 
presentement la bonne main, suivant la charj^e a moy don nee par sa 
Mftjeste d' Angleterre, ma maistresse, je ne vous escry rien en particulier, 
car j'estime qu'aves entendu que les affaires, gloire au Seigneur, y sont 
presentement en estat fort raisonnable, veu que depuis la perte de la 
ville de L'Ecluze en Flandre, I'ennemi n'a riens execute a son ad vain- 
taige. Bien est vray que du passe, plusieurs occurrences ont ente icy 
a la main, lesquelles on en pen juger n'estre advantaigeuses au bien 
publique. Mais comme de present ces incidens sont redresse, j'espere 
que les affaires de pardecha, par la grace du Seigneur, s'achemineront 
dorsenavant de jour a autre de bien en mieux, comme plus particuliere- 
ment pourres entendre par Messieurs les Embassadeurs de ces Pro- 
vinces qui s'acheminent pardela. Touchant les affaires d' Angleterre 
j'entens qu'on y ratent Tennemy en bonne devotion." Copy, 

Gebhard [Truchsess] Elector of Cologne to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, July 1, old style. Houslardyck. —Sending M. de Dort, Heinrich 
Carven, Secretary of the Court Palatine, and the Licentiate Lodingius, 
to confer with him. French, Signed. Seal of Arms. 

[Lord Willoughby] to the Elector of Cologne. 

1588, July 1 1, new style. The Hague. — Regretting that he would be 
unable to come to visit him for two days. French, Copy. 

[Lord WiLLOUQHBr] to [Eli as de Leon], "Drossart" of Bergen- 

1588, July 13, new style. The Hague. — Asking for the release of a 
prisoner. French. Copy. 

Lord Willoughby to the States of Ovbrtssell. 

1588, July 16, new style. The Hague. — On the same subject as the 
preceding letter to them of the 4th of July new style. Dutch, Copy. 

[Lord Willoughby] to the States of Friesland. 

1 588, July 8, old style. The Hague. — Concerning the treaty of peace 
with the Spaniards. French, Copy, 

Lord Willoughby to the States General. 

1588, July 18, new style fhe Hague. — Proposition concerning the 
two thousand soldiers which the Queen wished to withdraw from 
Holland on condition that they should supply properly the towns of 
Bergen-op-Zoom and Ostend. Dutch. Copy. 

MM. Of THB The States GENBRAt. 

Babx oe 
AiroAiTBic; i^gg^ July 18, new style. TLe Hague.— Resolutions of the States 

General on the same subject. Two copies^ one in Dutchy one in 

The Council of State. 

1588, July 19, new style. The Hague. — The opinion of the Council 
of State on the preceding resolutions. Two copies^ one in Dutch, one 
in French, 

The States General. 

1588, July 20, new style. The Hague. — The resolution of the States 
General based on the opinion of the Council of State. Two copies, one 
in Dutchy one in French. 

Sir William Deury to Lord [Willoughbt]. 

1588, July 20, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Informing him that 
the commissary of supplies at Bergen-op-Zoom refused to provide for the 
company of Colonel Fremin. French, Copy. 

[Lord Willoughbt] to [Elias de Leon,] **Drossart" of 


1588, July 10, old style. Dordrecht. — Asking him to see to the 
better accommodation of his troop of cavalry. French, Copy, 

[Lord Willoughbt] to Arnoult Nicola y. President of the Council 

of Holland. 

1588, July 20, new style. — Asking that prompt justice might be done 
in the suit of Robert Streat. Dutch, Copy, 

Lord Willoughbt to the ** Escoutelle " of Dordrecht. • 

1588, June (July) 22, new style. Middelburg. — Sending him a sum 
of four hundred flemish florins. French, Copy, 

The States General and the Council of State. 

1588, July 22 new style — " Solution des difficultes trouvees en 
rinstruction de Conseil d*Etat par les Etats Generaux," Translaiion 
from the Dutch into French, 

The Pensionart Roels, Secretary to the States of Zealand to 

Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, July 23, new style. Middelburg. — A complimentary letter* 
French. Signet. 

Adolf, Count op Neuwenar to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, July 13, old style. Utrecht.— Sending William de Boerkholt,- 
Drossart for his Countehip of Meurs, and another, to confer "iJitli; 
him on behalf of the inhabitants of his said countship. FreiMh. Si^neik 


[Lord Willoughbt] to the Count db Meurs. kss. o» t«e 

1588, Jaly 30, new style. The Hague. — Asking him to give free ahcabtbb. 
passage to forty arquebusiers of the company of Colonel Morgan, 
and the same number of the company of Captain Champernowne, who 
were on their way to England. French, Copy, 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1588, July 31, new style. The Hague. — Asking him to assist Captain 
(sic) Morgan in recruiting his company. French, Copy, 

[Adolph, Count of Neuwenar] to the Queen. 

1588, August 5, old style. Utrecht. — Declaring his readiness for 
union and to settle the dissensions lately arisen. French, Copy, The 
original is among the State Papers, Holland, Vol. b^, 

[Adolf, Count of Nkuwenar] to Sir Francis Walsingham. 

1588, August 5, old style. Utrecht. — To the same effect as the 
preceding. French. Copy, The original is among the State Papers, 
Holland, Vol. 56. 

[Adolf, Count of Neuwenar] to the Earl op Leicester. 

1588, August 5, old style. Utrecht. — To the same effect as the 
preceding. French, Copy. 

Lord Willoughbt to [Thomas] Killigrew. 

15SS, August 25, new style. Middelburg. — Concerning the move • 
ments of troops. French, Copy, 

The Queen to the States General. 

1588, August 27 [old style]. St. James'.— ^Appointing Colonel 
Morgan to be governor of Bergen-op-Zoom in the place of Sir William 
Drury. French, Copy, 

Sir William Drury to Lord Willoughby, at Middelburg. 

1588, September 6, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Informing him 
that the enemy were marching in gi-eat numbers towards Brabant, and 
liad already come to Wilbrouck and Nil, and that they were expected 
to lay siege to Bergen-op-Zoom, and asking for assistance. French, 
Signed. Seal of arms. Enclosed in a list of supplies required, 

G. DE Proninck or Deventer to Lord Willoughby, 

1588, September 8, new style. Dordrecht. — Informing him that the 
states and magistrates of that city and provinces were sending, upoi^ the 
advice of the Count of Neuwenar, a hundred soldiers to his assistance. 
French, Signed, 

Adolf, Count or Neuwenar to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, August 31, old style. Utrecht. — ^Informing him that he had 
been obliged to move the cavalry of Captain Morgan from Rhenen to 
Amersfoort, and to move the troop of Monsieur Boris from Amers^ ; 
foort, and garrison them at Wageningen and Bheueu. French. Signed* 


^^i^L™ [Lord Willoughbt] to Richakd Alin. 

Akoaotee. j-gg^ August 31, old style.— Instructions to proceed to Count 

[Maurice] of Nassau and inform him that the Duke of Parma had 
arrived at Antwerp and that he was expected to attack Bergen -op- 
Zoom. He was to ask the Count to beg the States to send supplies of 
ammunition, provisions, and men, to that town, and he was to addreM 
himself to Messieurs Killigrew and Gilpin for their advice in everj- 
thing. French, Copy. 

[Lord Willoughby] to Commissart Dierttts. 

[15] 88, September 12, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Giving orders 
for the supply of provisions and ammunition for the use of the five 
companies of infantry sent by the States General for the defence of the 
town. Frenth. Copy. 

Lord Willoughbt to Count [Maurice] op Nassau. 

1688, September 12, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Asking for 
reinforcements and especially for a supply of provisions.. French. 

[Lord Willoughby] to the Queen. 

1588, September 4 [old etyle]. Middleburg.—-" There hath not 
wanted in my unworthie selfe any earnpst desire to have long ere this 
presented that duetie to your most Excellent Majestic which I desire 
above all thinges in the world to accomplish, but onely some good 
occasions, knowing it most untit for Princes — whose cares are infinite, 
though their perfections be excellent — to be incombred with imper- 
tinent causes. But now the hazarde of your Majesty's bravest troopes 
on the side, trayned up with your Majesty's great charge, together with 
the reputation of the nation and your speciall service, yf th'enemj 
should be incouraged by the defeate of your subjects, having tnrned 
his forces from his sea journey hither, seemed unto me matters worthie 
your Majestie's consideracon, concurring in this accident of th'enemies 
presenting before Berghes, which place, when we were not divided, 
exceeded not above 1200 men, and the place not tenable vnth as many 
more in all martiall men's opinion. In these great occasions I have 
presumed to breake silence, which might ells have become me better — 
and with the unfained offerings of my life and ^rtune, from the first 
time thereof to the last end vowed to your sacred self — to know your 
Majesty's pleasure how I shall employ my self, holding this place I 
unworthely doe for your Majestic. And having no meanes of men, 
money, or provision, to succour them from the States of this side, I can 
conceive no certain way to incourage or relieve them, but with com- 
munitie of the perill to spend my life together with them — in the place 
—for your Majesty's service." Copy, 

[Lord Willoughbt] to G. Gilpix. 

1688, September 14, new style. Middleburg. — Sending him a letter 
to be delivered to the Council of State. French, Copy, 

Lord Willoughby to the Council of Statr. 

1588, September 14, new style. Middelburg. — Concerning the 
persons by whom despatches to the Council of State should be signed, 
and also concerning the oath to be administered to the soldiers in 
Holland. French. Copy. 


The Council op State to Lobd Willouohby. ^Slm"'* 

1688, September 14, new style. The Hague. — Concerning supplies .-^^f^"' 
of provisions and reinforcements of men. French, Seal of arms. 


[15J88, September 15, new style. — Instructions as to the demands to 
be made by him to the Council of State on behalf of Lord WiUoughby 
with regard to the supplies required. French, Copy. 

The States op Uthecht to Lobd Willoughby. 

1588, September 6, old style. Utrecht. — On the same subject. 

Adolf, Count op Neuwenar to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 6, old style. Utrecht. —Regretting that it was im- 
possible for him to send the companies of Colonel Morgan and Captain 
Champernowne to Bergen-op-Zoom until the soldiers when he had sent 
to the assistance of Colonel Schenck at " Bon," by order of the Council 
of State, should return. French, Signed. Signet'. 

The Magistrates of Utbecht to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 7, old style. — Concerning the removal of the com- 
panies of soldiers under Captain Morgan and Captain (>hampernowne. 
Dutch. Seal of arms. 

Sir William Dbury to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 17, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom.— Giving an 
account of a skirmish with the enemy, and reputing the capture of a 
soldier with letters, coming from Breda. French, Signed, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 19, new style. The Hague. — ^Requesting him to 
act in concert with Count Solms who was then at Teitholz. French, 
Signed Chr. Huygens. 

Colonel Fbbmin to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 10, old style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Asking for a 
passport written in Latin, on parchment, and signed and sealed. French, 

Loud Willoughby to the Council of State. 

1588, September 12, new style. — ^Proposals on l)ehalf of the Queen 
for changing certain troops of cavalry into foot soldiers. French. 

Odoardo Lansanaja to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 20, new style. Breda.— Asking for the release of 
his son. French. Signed. 

Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 22, new style. The Hague.— Regulations as to 
the issue of soldier's passes. French., Copy, 


Mss. <fr TVM [Lord Willoughby] to Captain Charles Danbgilbs (?) . 

AwcSiSa. 1^^8, September 13, old style. The Hague.— Ordering him to 

— proceed with his company to Bergen-op-Zoom. French. Copy, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 24, new style. The Hague. — Imforming him that 
they had sent Colonel Morgan to Bergen-op-Zoom to take command 
there in the place of Sir William Drury, to whom they had announced 
their intention by Commissary Parasis. French, Signed Chv. Huygpiis. 
Seal of arms. 

The Magistrates of Zeriokzee to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 25, new style. Zerickzee. — Sending him a supply 
of provisions. Dutch. 

The States of Zealand to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 26, new style. Middelburg. — Informing him that 
they had sent assistance to Bergen-op-Zoom. French. Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 

Same date and place. — On the same subject as the preceding. 

J. Van Hoult to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 16, old style. Middelburg. — Giving an account of 
his journey and of his negotiations with the Council of State, and also 
informing him that the Duke of Parma was said to be gone to Breda 
and to be very ill. T. ench, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby. , 

1588, September 26, new style. The Hague. — Sending a list of the 
supplies which they had sent to Bergen-op-Zoom. Signed " Chr. 
Huygens." French. Seal of arms. 

Count Maurice of Nassau to Lord [Willoughby]. 

1588, September 27, new style. Huypen. — Informing him that he 
Lad good reason to believe that the enemy had relations with the town 
6i Bergen-op-Zoom, and that they were only pre1>ending to lay siege to it 
until their accomplices could carry out their wicked designs. French. 

Adolf, Count of Neuwenar to Lord Willoughby. 

1588, September 17, old style. Utrecht. — Asking him to send him 
a patent by virtue of which he could exact obedience from the English 
soldiers in that city. French. Signed. Signet, 

The Council of State to Lord Willoughby. -^ 

1588, September 27, new style. The Hague, — Sending him back 
the prisoner, D'Ayala, for the purpose of discovering who were 
the persons who were in communication with the enemy. Fr&fich. 
Signed G. Gilpin. Seal of arms. 


Jacques Tutelert to Lord Willoughbt. ^lAiSfop"" 

1588, September 27. LiUo.— Sending him six gunnera for iha AjroAtraB. 
service of Bergen-op-Zoom, by order of the States of Zealand. French. 

Hans Van Loo to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, September 18, old style. Doesburg. — Asking for arrears of 
pay. French, Signed. 

[Lord Willoughbt] to the Council of State. 

1588, September 28, new style. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Asking them to 
send the reinforcements whjch were promised to him before he left the 
Hague. French. Copy. 

The Council op State to Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, September 28, new style. The Hague. — Directing him to 
husband all the provisions and ammunition which had been sent [to 
Bergen-op-Zoom], and not to touch the magazine except in case of 
necessity ; also to see that the " vivandiers*^ and other persons accus- 
tomed to supply armies with provisions, were on the spot ; and to send 
a list of all the stores which had been received. French, Seal of 

The Same to the Same. 

1588, September 29, new style. The Hague. — Asking him to give 
all assistance to the commissary who was being sent to Bergen-op- 
Zoom with money for the payment of the Dutch troops there. French, 
Signed Chr. Huygens. 

Lord Willoughbt. 

1588, September [20, old style]. Bergen-op-Zoom.— Proclamation 
appointing Sir William Drury to the command of all the English com- 
panies in the forts adjoining the town of Bergen-op-Zoom. Copy, 

Thomas Suigo and Pedro de Lugo to the Duke op Parma, 

[1588], October 15 [new style ?]. Bergen-op-Zoom. — Concerning 
the proposed betrayal of the North Fort. Spanish. Copy. 

Thomas Suigo and Pedro de Lugo to Sib William Stanlet. 

[1588], October 15 [new style ?]. Bergen-op-Zoom. — On the same 
subject. Spanish. Copy, On the same sheet as the preceding. 

The Queen to Lord Willoughbt, Lientenani Governor in the Low 


1588, October 9. The Manor of St. James's. — See Five Generations 
of a Loyal House, p. 225. Sign Manual. 

John Owen to Thomas Suigo. 

1588, October 9 [old style ?]. The Camp. — I doubt not that your 
readiness to serve will " fynd fould recompens and satisfacon att the 
Duke's hands if it plese God it be performed and go forward ; if nott, your 
good will is alwayes to be respected and considred as occasion shalbe 
presented. Whatt was reqyred in your leters in yoorbehalf is granted 
by the Duke, assuredly, and whatt more as shall apere by the sune. 


Mss. ov THB ^ ^^ ^6ry glad for your ow^n frends and others that it was your hope to 
AvcAiTBB ©J^ter into this matter, and shall be gladest of all if it be brought to 
— ' end, which we desire, assuringe you thatt when I may stand you in 
sted, you shall be assured of me in all I can.** Cop^. 

The ])dke of Fabma to William Ghimston. 

1588, October 8 [old style?]. — Articles for rendering the fort called 
the New Sconce, at the head of Bergen-op-Zoom. See State Papers^ 
Holland^ Vol. 58, same date. 


1588, October 10 [old style]. — A list of soldiers taken prisoner at 
the North Fort. Spanish, 

The Same. 

[1688, October.] — An account of the attempt to betray the North 
Fort into the hands of the Duke of Parma by Suigo and Lugo. Three 
narratives, all imperfect. 

Lord Willoughby. 

[1588, October.] — A list of his correspondence and papers for the 
month of October. Nearly illegible. 

John Ceporinus, Minister of Medenblick to Lord Willoughby. 
[c. 1588.] — A complimentary poem. Latin. 

Lord [Willoughby] to the States General. 

1589, January 25, old style. The Hague. — Stating that he had done 
nothing concerning the expedition to Fortugal except what he had 
been commanded by the Queen. See Stats Paperty Holland^ Vol. 61, 
same date. French. Copy. Attached to this copy is a draft of 
another letter from Lord Willoughby to the States General, which 
was not sent. 

The States General to the Magistrates of Bergen-op-Zoora. 

1589, March 8, old style. The Hague. — Concerning musters. 
Dutch. Copy. See a French translation in the States Papers, 
Holland^ Vol. 62, same date. 

Captain Wolfunckle to Lord [Willoughby]. 

1589| April 18, new style. Ostend. — ^Asking for an appointment. 


[1589, after April.] — A statement of facts concerning the Biege of 
Gertrudenburg, written by Lord Willoughby for the purpose of 
explaining &placeat published by the States General of Holland on the 
17th April 1589. French. Copy signed by Lord Willoughby. 

The Same. 

[Same date.] — A list cf papers relating to the preceding pamphlet. 


The Sam.. T^iSfo'/" 

Same date. — A printed copy of the last two documents. French, ^^HH""* 
On the first page it is stated to be a translation from the English. 

Lord [Willoughby] to the Lords of the Ojuncil. 
Same date. — On the same subject. Copy. 

The Queen to Lord Willoughby and Eresby, Captain General 

of the forces sent in France. 

1 589, November 9. Tlie Manor of Richmond. — See Five Generations 
of a Loyal House, p. 274. Sign Manual, 

News from France. 

1589, November 15, old style. — An account by Lord Willoughby of 
the doings of the French King from October 31 to November 8th. 
Copy. See State Papers , France, Vol, 94. November 14. 

Monsieur de Guitry to Lord Willoughby. 

1589, December 6. — " J*ay faict entendre au Roy ce que m'avez escrit. 
Vous verres sa voUonte par sa letre. Jo vous puis asseurer qu'il n'a 
donne ny ne dounera congez a aucun Anglois que par vostre adviys, et 
qu'il ne reult que les trouppes se desbendent et separent, mais au 
contraire, il veullt que marchies ensemble, et dans quel(|ue temps 11 
vous permetera vous retirer ainsi conime il vous a promis. .I'ay faict 
donner des logis dans la ville du Mans pour les Anglois maliardes et 
blesses." Also a copy of the above in a later hand. 

Lord Willoughby. 

1589, December. — Notes of his answer to the letter from the Lords 
of the Council received the 15th December 1589. 

Lord Willoughby to Sir Francis Walsingham. 

1589[-90], Januaiy 8. Dives. — " Having so convenient a messenger 
as this bearer, Monsieur Parrat, who is sent over by the King, 1 could 
not let him passe without some remembrance of my love and affection 
unto yow. Our troopes are already all come downe hither to Dives, 
some of the sick men are already sent over, other some now ready to be 
shipped." Signed, 

The Same to the Same. 

1589[-90], January 9. — "The ill newes of the unhappy I ncounter 
betwixt Sir William Drury and Sir Jhon Burgh, cannot but as it fell 
to sone, be reported sone inough, notwithstandinge the mischance 
being, as it is, not remediable. I would not let passe the good that 
may by your good favour happen thereby to this honest, valiaunt 
gentleman, the sergant major of my regiment, for that company in 
Flushing which of late appertained to the said Sir William Drury 
while he lived." Signed. 

[Francis] Panigakola to the Duke of Satoy. 

[c. 1590.] — An account of the state of France, divided into &\e 
heads, under the first of which he gives an account of things past and 
present ; under the second he prophecies of the future ; under the third 

E 64159. Q 


M8S. 07 THs he treats of the remedies so far as concerns the choice of a new king ; 

AkcStSL under the fourth he points out the disposition and intentions of France 

— '— in the choice of a King ; and under the fifth he shews the Duke what 

he can do for his own service. Finally he gives him a short sketch of 

the characters of the principal persons, male and female, who were 

interested in the affairs of France. French, Copy. 

The Lords of the Council to Lord Willoughby of Ereshy. 

1594, August 11. Greenwich. — Directing him to call together Sir 
George St. Pole, and Philip Tyrwhitt, Anthony Ershy, William 
Pelham, William Watson, William Rigdon, and Gregory Wolmer, 
Esquires, or such of them as he should think meet, to enquire into 
certain charges brought against the Earl of Lincoln. Nine signatures^ 

Lord Willoughby to the Earl of Essex, Master of the Horse. 

1695, June 14. Emden. — " Since my arrivall at Huosden (Huis- 
duiiien) by contrary whether in a bad hoy, I passed by land to 
Meddenblick, to Staveren, to Le warden, to Groningen, and the Ems, to 
Emden, having had no convenient meanes in all my passage to send 
unto your Lordship till I came hether ; and sutch accideuts as either 
from the Earle's Chancelour or the towne's relation, I could busily 
collect I send your Lordship." 

Postscript. — " Her Majesty askinge me of my retorn, I told har if I 
could I would be at hoame at Michelmas. But having pas'd this spring 
alredy, if I shall find good of the next fall, I hope har Majesty will 
by your Lordship's good meanes excuse me for the benefit of the spring 
to come also, especyally my licence being so large." 

This and the subsequent letters from Lord Willoughby to the Earl 
of Essex were given to the Earl of Lindsey by John Castle, clerk to 
the Lord Privy Seal. 

The Same to the Same. 

1595, June 16. Emden. — Recommending to his favour certain 
merchants of Emden whose ship, homeward bound from ** Fernando- 
buck " in Brazil had been seized by an English man-of-war off Lisbon. 
Signed. Seal of arms. 

The Same to the Same. 

1596, August 28. — Asking for his interest with the Queen that he 
might obtain the Governorship of Berwick. Signed. Signet. See Five 
Generations of a Loyal House, p. 317. 

The Same to the Same. 

1596, September 12. Knatsall. — On the same bubject. Signed^ 
See Five Generations of a Loyal House, p. 319. 

The Same to the Same. 
1596, November. — Enclosing a paper for his perusal. 

The Same to [the Same?]. 
[1596, November ?] — Concerning the draining of the fens. Signed, 

The Same to the Same. 

1596, November. — Informing him that he had sent a copyof liis' 
paper^ by Sir John Buck, tO the Lord Treasurer. Signet. 


The Same to [the Same]. Bari?^^ 

[1596, November. ]—- Asking for his interest with the Qaeen that he ' ^^' '' 
might be appointed guardian to the child of Sir John Buck vs^ho had died • 
the previous night. See Five Generations of a Loyal House^ p, 320. 

The Same to the Same. 

1696, November 22. — Asking for his interest with the lieutenant and 
the other commissioners for soldiers in Lincolnshire that the bearer 
might have the place of muster master in that county in the room 
of Sir John Buck. Signed. See Five Generations of a Loyal House, 
p. 534. 

Lord Willoughbt to [the Earl of Essex]. 
[15]96[-7], January 7.-^ending him letters from Nuremberg. 

The Same to the Same. 

[l5]96[-7], March 16. — ^A complimentary letter. See Five Genera- 
tions of a Loyal House^ p. 53 1 . 

The Same to [the Same]. 

1597, April 12. — A complimentary letter. See Five Generations of 
a Loyal House, p, 329. 

The Samu to the Same. 

[15]97, April 27. Grimsthorpe. — A letter of compliments and 
thanks. Signet, 

The Same to the Same. 

1597, May 22. Grimsthorpe. — On behalf of his kinsman, Thomas 
Willoughby. See Five Generations of a Loyal House, p, 533. 

The Same to the Same, Lord General of all the Queen's forces. 

1597, October. — A complimentary letter. See Five Generations of a 
Loyal Housey p. 533. 

The Same to the Same. 
[1597, London.] — Regretting that he had missed seeing him. 

The Same to [the Same], 

[c. 1597.] — " By chaunce I pased their, though I beiuge not of the 
elect commannded to shoote my bolte. My loving dutie to you and my 
country makes mee thus bolde, though some would extenuate my sence, 
and have not spared it, as I heere saye. They shall not except agaynste 
my syncerite, wherout only I confesse I have comitted this folly, to 
myngle my dropps with suche excellent ry vers. And I seeke neither 
prayse nor place shall appeare, for after I have kyssed Her Majesty's 
hands and your Lordship's, I will leave my fortification of castells in the 
ajer, and fall to the plough and carte for my children, least I dye 
unfortunate in a spitle, and they begg miserable for my mistakinge 
humors that liked the world better than an hermitage." Signed, 

The Same to [the Same], Earl Marshall of England, j :. 
1597[-8], March. — ^llecommending John Carew. See Fif^ Genera- 
tions of a Loyal House j p, 325. 

Q 2 


M8S. OB THE The Same to the Same, 

Eabl of 
AKCA8TER. Same date. — A complimentary letter. See Five Generations of a 

Loyal House, p, 326. 

The Same to the Same. 

1597[-8], March 23. Grimsthorpe. — CoDcerning the governorship 
of Berwick, See Five Generations of a Loyal House, p, 327. 

The Same to the Same. 

1598, April. — Concerning the difficulties of his task. See Five 
Generations of a Loyal House, pp, 327-8. 


[After 1598.] — Endorsed "A French minister's discourse touching 
the peace " between France and England. French, Copy. 


1622, September 10. London. — Giving an account of the progress 
of the campaigns in Germany, Holland, and France. French, 

The Earl of Bristol. 

[c. 1623.] — Interrogatories administered to the Earl of Bristol and 
his answers thereto concerning his embassy to Germany. Copy, 

Charles I. to [the Countess of Holderness.] 

1626, March 2. — Promising to continue the grants made to her by 
the late King. Signed, 

Charles I. to the Commissioners op Sewers on the North-east 

side of the river of Witham, co. Lincoln. 

1634, July 20. Apethorpe 

** Sir Anthony Thomas knight together with our loving subject John 
Worsopp Esquire, having many years attempted the general work of 
draining the Fens and surrounded grorunds in our county of Lincoln 
and elsewhere. And lately undertaken that particular level on the 
north and north-east side of the river of Witham, called fas we are 
informed) the east and west fens, north fen. Earls fen, Armtree fen 
and Wildmore fen commons, and the adjacent several drowned grounds, 
have by God's blessing, and by and through their own extraordinary 
labour and sedulity, and their and their friends disbursements and 
adventures of great sums of money expended, now lately accomplished 
the draining of the said grounds, and making of them dry and fit for 
arable, or meadow, or pasture, to the improvement (as is alleged) of 
forty-five thousand acres of land, and the bettering of many thousands 
more ; The which we well understand to be no small enrichment of 
those countries ; And being thereof certainly advertised by sight of an 
Act or Ordinance of Sewers, expressing a declaration under some of 
your hands and seals, that the said undertaken work is now done by the 
said Sir Anthony Thomas and John Worsopp, within the time limited ; 
We therefore in our gracious respect towards our said well deserving 
subjects, that have approved themselves therein real performers of so 
great a work, both for their remuneration and for example and 
encouragement to others, do will and require you, that you fail not to 


do to them speedy justice in and by an equal and most indifferent partition MSS. op thb 
and setting forth by metes and bonds of such parts, portions and allot- ancasteb. 
merits of these drained lands, as your former Acts, Orders and Decrees — 

of Sewers did grant, promise and appoint to them for recompense of 
their said undertaken work of draining; ; And that you forthwith decree 
the same unto the said Sir Anthony Thomas and John Worsopp their 
heirs and assigns for ever to be holden of us, our heirs and successors, 
as of our honor of Bullingbrooke in our said county of Lincoln, with 
such privileges liberties and immunities as you shall think fit. And 
you are also to require all those, which pretend interest to any of the 
said lands, that they give ready obedience to your order, and quietly 
permit the said Anthony Thomas and John Worsopp to enjoy their 
allotments peaceably and without interruption, according to their agree- 
ment. As they tender our displeasure and will answer the. contrary 
at their perils. Given under our Signet. At our court at Apthorp 
the twentieth day of July in the tenth year of our reign." 

Sir Peregrine Bertie to his father, the Earl op Lindsey, Lord 
Chamberlain of England, at his house in Chanel Row, West- 

1639[-40], March 5. Berwick. — I have been with the Mayor and 
some of the chief burgesses of the town, and have used the best means 
I could for advertising your desires for making Mr. Cooke a burgess, 
but I find no " cheerefullnesse in them of pleasuring of your Lordship.'* 
All the news here is that some of the works of Edinburgh Castle on 
Monday last did slip down. 

Captain John Balle to [the Earl of Lindsey]. 

i639[-40], March 3. Berwick. — Informing him that Sir Robert 
Jackson haJ that day mustered the garrison. Signed. 

George Moore to the Earl of Lindsey, in Channon Row, 


1639[-40], March' 10. Berwick.-^Informing him that by the malice 
of Sir Robert Jackson and others, he had been detained as a clipper of 
the King's coin, and asking for his assistance. Signed, Signet. 

George Rous to [the Earl op Lindsey]. 
1 639 [-40], March 24, Berwick. — A letter of compliments and thanks. 

Captain John Balle to [the Earl of Lindsey], 
1639[-40], March 24. Berwick. — On private affairs. Signed. 

Sir Michael Ernle to the Earl of Lindsey. 

1640, March 25. Berwick. — All those parts upon the borders are 
commanded to be in readiness when there shall be occasion. There is 
strict watch kept at Dunse and Kelso, but only in the night, and officers 
are appointed for these places. Signet. 

Charles L to [Montagu,] Earl of Lindsey. 

1642, October 27. Aynho. — Condoling with him on the death of his 
father. See Collins' Peerage^ Vol. Il.yp* 16. tit. y Duke ofAncaster, 
Also a copy of the same. 


MSS. OP THE The Same to the Same. 

. Eaju; of 

i AwoiLOTER. 1645[--6], March 19. Oxford.—'* 1 thanke you for putting jourselfe 

into Woodstoke, it shewing that you reeke all occasions to shew that 
affection which I have alwayes knowne you to have to my service. But 
I do not judge that place fitt for you to stay in, others being good 
anufe for it, and you fitter for a better imployment. Wherefore I 
command you to returne to your waiting here." 

Postscript — " The longer you stay you will the more displease two 
faire ladies." Copy, 

The Earl of Lindsey to King Charles. 

1645[-6], March 19. Woodstock. — " When I received your command 
I acquainted Captain Fawcett with it, whereupon he represented the 
condition of the garrison, if I left it, to be this ; that divers since the 
horse lay upon this place and wanting their pay were gentlemen, oth^s 
for want of the same discontented. A great part of these have been of 
your guards, and good words from some of their old acquaintance will 
satisfy them. Divers gentlemen that are reformadoes, which are comed 
in, he believes are easier commanded by me than they will be by him, 
and all are reddier to performe their duties ; I being an eye witness may 
present their service performed to you Majestic." 

Our provisions have been much spent " by reason of Camfield's horse 
being so neare this place. This month the souldlers have beene fedd with 
the store bread, and hath much exhausted the provision, and foraU. it 
hath beene often demanded and desired but not so granted, but lately 
theire hath beene a little recruite to add to the store ; yet the house 
shall not be lost, but kept till the last minute as a person of honour is 
bound to do." Copy, 

Charles I. to the Earl of Lindsey. 

1645 [-6], March 20. Oxford. — " There is no more reall testimony 
of true service than this kinde of disobedience, to which my answer is 
that if upon further tryall of the disposition of the oflGicers and souldiers 
you finde that you may come to jqmv waiting here without eminent 
hazard of loosing the place, then I shall immediately exdpect y6u. 
Otherwise I leave you to do what you shall finde most necessary for 
my service." Copy* This copy is on the same sheet as the preceding 
letter from the King of the \Qth March, 

Sir Thomas Fairfax to the Speaker of the House of Peers. 

1646, May 4. Heddington. — '* Having received a letter from the 
Duke of Kichmond and the Earl of Lindsev of which this enclosed^is a 
copy, I thought fit to present the same to the House ; with this desire, 
that if it may not be of prejudice to the public affairs, their desires may be 
answered they being already secured at Woodstock. They are persons 
of honour and have engaged themselves neither directly nor indirectly 
to act anything against the Parliament. But what shall be commaiided 
concerning them shall be observed. 


The Duke OF Richmond and Lennox and the Earl op Lindsey 

to Sir Thomas Fairfax. 

1646, May 2. — " His Majesty having thought fit (as he expressed Do 
us) in person to draw nearer to his Parliament, which hath ^abmys 


been our bumble opinion and advice we wko have followed him in the ^^S. of thb 

relation of domestic servants, would not remain in anj place after him, AvcABxut. 

to expose ourselves to a doubtful construction with the Parliament, of *"" 

having other business ; nor have we other design in coming then to 

pursue our obligation to the King and the Parliament, without meddling 

or disturbing affairs therefore desire in order to that, we may have leave as 

others not better hearted to the peace of this kingdom have had to 

come to London, go to our own homes, or continue here if the time yet 

be not unfree of jealousy, or that it may give any offence, which we 

have ever desired as much as in us lay to prevent, the procuring this 

favour of the Parliament by your means will oblige us." 

fP.S.] — Here are with us Sir Edward Sidenham, Sir William 
Fleetwood, Mr. J. Gary, servants to the King, who are of the same 
mind with us, and desire to be presented to your favour in the like 

Philip Swale to William Mabb, servant to the iEarl of Lindsey, 
at Lindsey House near the Parliament Stairs. 

1667-8, March 3 (3rd of first month). — On business. Signet. 

Philip Swale to Egbert, Earl op Lindsey, at Lindsey House. 
1667-8, March 9. — On business. 

I'hilip Swale to William Mabb, at Lindsey House. 

1667-8, March 24. — On business. Also six other letters from Swale 
to Mabb on business. 

Rules for coursing the Hare. 

[Temp. Charles II. ?]. — Orders Laws and Rules for coursing oPthe 
hare agreed upon (ever to remain) for such as delight in the same 
sport set down by the Right Honourable Thomas Duke of Norfolk 
William Lord Marquess of Northampton Henry Earl of Huntingdon 
Edward Lord Clinton Lord Admiral Lord Barkley Lord Scroope 
Lord Burrow Lord Sheffield Lord Willoughby Sir John Syllyard Sir 
Robert Terwhit Sir Francis Leake Sir Jarvis Clifton and divers others 
at Sleaford as foUoweth. 

Imprimis no wager to be w(m or lost unless the course stand half a 
mile, but if the hare be killed within the half mile or otlierwise the 
course be ended then the worst dog shall pay for the hare finding. 

Item if it happen a hare to go to the covert being above half a mile 
unturned the dog that leadeth to the covert winneth the course. 

Item if a brace of dogs running together the one giveth a turn the 
other serveth and giveth another and so they continue to give many 
turns no coat happening that dog that giveth the first turn winneth 
the course because he first commandeth the hare and so all the other 
dogs turns were but services to his. 

Item if a brace of dogs run and before the hai'e be turned the oliber 
goeth by him that going by, is to be accounted bat a turn becauser the 
other perhaps had no perfect sight and did not strain himself, but after 
one turn every coat is accounted two turns. 

Item if a brace of dogs do run and the one doth give many turns 
and coats more then the other and before he comes to the covert he 
stand still in the field the other doth but run with her to the covert 
though he never turn the hare yet he shall save the course because the 
standing in the field is the greatest foil a dog can take. 


^^Ib^o^^ Item it is to be noted that every bearing or laking of the hare is 
AwcABTEB. accounted for a turn. 

Item that no wrench or wease slip or go by shall be accounted or 
spoken of more then is before in the fourth article. 

These laws and orders were set down and subscribed at Sleaford 
by the noblemen and gentlemen before mentioned and by John 
Cupledike Robert Mdrkham and many other gentlemen. 

Peregrine Bertie to his brother, [Robert] Earl op Lindsey, al 


1691, May 2. — Giving an account of the sudden death of Lady 
Abingdon and of the grief of his brother [the Earl of Abingdon],, 
and her family. 

The Same to the Same, at Willoughby in Lindsey Coast. 

1692, June 25, — There is likely to be a match between Ladjr 
Katberine Manners and Sir John " Luson Goore," whose estate is 
given out to be 7000/. a year, but Lord Rutland cannot be persuaded 
to give more than 15000/. They demand 20000/. Lord Fanshawe 
has bought an estate near Hungerford in Wiltshire. My Lord 
Huntingdon's crime is that upon receiving King James's letter of 
invitation to come and see the Queen delivered he sent it up to Lord 
Nottingham with his duty to the Queen, and desired he might have 
leave to go over for such time as the Queen thought fit, to see her 
Majesty delivered, and then would return. The Queen struck out of 
the Council, Lord Halifax, Lord Shrewsbury, Lord IVIaiiborough, and 
Lord Torrington, the first for not coming to the Council, the latter 
because she is displeased with them. 

Peregrine Bertie to his sister[in-law], the Countess op Lendbey, 

at Great Thorpe near Stamford. 

1693, April 22. — Count d'Estrees is coming to Brest with his 
squadi'on, which makes us believe there may be a near engagement. 
Sir John Cutler has left his daughter the Yorkshire estate which he 
bought of Sir Thomas Chichely, which is worth 5000/. a year. 

The friar and Italian captain who had agreed with the French to set 
the Spanish Armada on fire when the French appeared before Naples^ 
are both executed. 

Peregrine Bertie to his brother, the Earl of Lindsey, at 


1693, May 25. — Eegretting to hear of his wife's illness and giving 
foreign news. Signet. 

The Same to the Same. 

1693, May 27. — On business concerning the felling of timber at 
Grimsthorpe by Lord Willoughby. Signet. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, June 3. — On the same subject. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, [June] May 6. — On the same subject. 


The Same to the Same. . ^eI^o^ 

1693, June 10. — On the same subject. 

The Same to the Same. 

1693, June 15. — On the same subject, and giving some news from 

The Earl of Ltndsey to his brother, Peregrine Bertie. 
1693, June 15. — On the same subject. 

Peregrine Bertie to his brother, the Earl of Lindset. 
1 693, July 4. — On business concerning an advance of money. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, July 6. — On the same business, and giving foreign war news. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, July 1 1. — To the same effect as the preceding. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, July 23. — To the same effect as the preceding. 

The Same to the Same. 
1693, July 27. — Giving an account of the action before Luxembourg. 

M to the Countess of Lindset. 

[16]93, August 24. — On business. Fragment of signet. 

Peregrine Bertie to his brother, the Earl of Lindsey. 

1693, October 7. — On business. 

Peregrine Bertie to his brother, the Earl of Lindset. 

1694, November 10. — His Majesty arrived yesterday at Margate 
The Queen is gone to-day to meet him at Dartford or Gravesend. We 
discourse of nothing but a peace, yet prepare greatly for a war, and we 
think to lower the land to one shilling in the pound and so to give it for 
twenty years, which is Paul Foley's invention, but not liked by many. 

You see by the Monthly Mercury the conditions of peace that are 
offered, by which we are to get nothing but to be owned, and the French 
King not to assist King James or his heirs, but to allow a stipend from 
hence and to live where he shall not give offence to King William. 

The Same to the Same. 

1694, November 26. — Concerning the intention of his nephew Philip 
[Bertie] to stand for Stamford in the place of Captain Hyde deceased. 

The Same to the Samb. 
1694, November 27. — On the same subject. 



MSi^. 09 THi The Same to the Same. 

Bab l o> 
AB CAst KE. 1694, November 29. — I am glad to hear that Stamfottl is so indihed 

to choose my nephew Philip. I was afraid my Lord of Exeter would 

have set up his son, but he dechues it, and I believe Sir Purey Oust 

will not be very willing to enter into battle with so great a family, for I 

told him he must expect, if he stood, to spend 500/. or 600/. in the 

election. He would have fain made a bargain with my nephew to spend 

nothing and then I suppose would have treated them privately at his 

own house. I suppose you have interest enough with Sir Bichard 

Oust to make his son lay it down, and then my nephew will come In 

easily. But courtiers must venture their fortune, and they can have no 

better lottery than our House to push their fortunes in. 

The Same to the Same. 

1694[-5], March 10. — Yesterday was Mr. Wilson killed in South- 
ampton Square by a Scotch officer who, it)i3eem8, thought himself better 
able to satisfy an unknown lady than the other, and it is thought that 
the lady who kept Mr. Wilson, was willing to have a change, and that 
she set them together by the ears. The town is in great expectation to 
know who this lady is, and it is believed it will come out, though Mr. 
Wilson gave the key of his ** scritore " to a friend of his to give to his 
mother, and desiring him to see his papers burned, and gave them 
sixty guineas and a broad piece, to see it completed. 

Your son Philip is made a manager of the " Million Act " which will 
be worth 100/. a year to him. I think your family has a great deal of 
reason to be satisfied with this Government. 

John Walpole to the Countess of Lindsey, at Chelsea. 
1704, July 7.— On legal business. 

to [the Countess of Lindsey]. 

1709, December 6. — We have had several reports here about my 
Lord Chanceller being laid aside, but I cannot find that there is any 
great ground for them. It is also talked about this evening that the 
Treasurer also is to lay down, and Lord Halifax to come into his 
place ; and some, I find, think that he and the Chancellor are so linked 
together as that if the one goes out, the other will do so also. Lord 
Wharton it seems is a declared enemy to both. 

[The Same to the Same.] 


1709[-10], January 26. — Concerning proposals for settling the 
differences between herself and Lord Lindsey. r ^ ' 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1709 [-10], February 7. — Dr. Sacheverell is to be tried in West- 
minster Hall, and scaffolds will be set up there as soon as ihe| 
term is over. This may perhaps bring Lord Lindsey up. Mr. Dolien^ 
the chairman of the committee against Sacheverell, is Archbishop 
Dolben's son, but has not by a good deal his father's character. I hear 
of no other Mr. Dolbcn in the House. 


[The Same to the Same.] mss. 09 thb 

1709 [-10], February 21.— I waited yesterday on Mr. Charles Bertie. Akcajtbb. 
We discoursed about your Ladyship's concerns, but I found he was 
wholly i^orant of what was intended. He only said that Sir Thomas 
Powis told him that matters were likely to be agreed between you. 
Lord Willoughby was with him when I went in to him, and Greueral 
Farrington. I perceive by them that the Lords have mightily intrenched 
upon the Lord Great Chamberlain, and not only appointed themselves 
such a number of tickets by their own authority, but attempt to contract 
my Lord's own box. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1709 [-10], February 23. — ^This town is in so great a ferment at 
present upon the trial of Dr. Sacheverell as I believe never was known. 
The mob are of his side and attend him with loud huzzas at going to 
Westminster and coming back, every day ; and their cry is "No 
presbyterians, no meetings, for the Queen and the Church." And with 
this cry they attended the Queen's chair through the Park yesterday. 
In short men's eyes and minds are wholly turned upon this affair, so 
that there is a stop to all business. 

[The Same to the Same.] 

1709[-10], March 4. — We have no mob since Wednesday night when 
they did gi-eat execution upon the Meeting Houses. The militia ai*e 
up through the whole town, Sacheverell's counsel were heard yesterday 
and to-day, and I do not hear that they are advanced further than the 
iirst article. '* Your Ladyship has the humble thanks of our whole 
house for your puddings and griskins." 

[The Same] to the Same. 
1709[-10], March 6. — This afPair of Dr. Sacheverell stops all sorts 
of other business. The pleadings of the managers and of this counsel 
are all over, and now the matter is before the Lords. Lord Nottingham 
put this question to the judges, whether any indictment wherein the 
express words of the criminal were not inserted, was good in law. The 
judges had time till to-day to give their answer, which was that in 
their Courts it was not good, but they were no judges of parliamentary 
proceedings, so that now the Houses are looking after precedents, and 
some hope the Doctor may come off by this means, for I am told that in 
the parallel cases of Mainwaring and Sibthorp the words upon which 
their impeachment was grounded are expressly set down in the indict- 
ment. To divert your Ladyship I will set down a short epigram that 
goes about the town concerning the burning the Presbyterian pulpits 

It is this — 

Most moderate Whigs, since you do boast 
That you a Church of England priest will roast, 
Blame not the mob if they desire 
With Presbyterian tubs to make the fire. 

[The Same] to the Same. 
1701 [-10], March IG. — It is now past eight and the Lords as I hear, 
are all still sitting. There has been hot debate about the first article of 
Dr. Sacheverell's impeachment relating to non-resistance, and we are 
impatient to hear the event. I saw this morning the funeral oi Lord 
Chief Justice Holt pass by, in order to carry him to Redgrave in 
Suffolk. It is looked upon as something strange that a new Lord 
Chief Justice should be created before the other was in his grave. 


Mas. OP THB [The Same to the Same.] 

Babl op l j 

AKCX8TBR. 1710, April 8. — On legal business. 

[The Same] to the Same. 

1710, May 16. — " As for your boarding, I cannot think it fitt your 
Ladyship should expose yourself to the fatigues and hazards of the sea» 
and journeys, and be changing of your climate at this time of day, nor 
can I imagine where you could board in England with so numerous aa 
attendance as of ten persons with you, especially if a person must be 
with you whom few familyes ^ ill care to receive, unlesse one of your 
own way. It may be it would be more practicable to hire a small 
house in some cheap and wholesome country for a yeare or two, then to 
board in any family, but this matter requires a further consideration." 

[Charles Bertie ?] to his brother [the Marquis op Lindset]. 

[1711, May] 12. — ** I saw Mr. Harley yesterday at the House, when 
when we talk'd over the affair of the title of Oxford which he thinks is 
in the crown to dispose of, when they please, and the Queen's Council 
are of the same opinion. I told him I differ with them, but the result 
of all our discourse was that he hoped I would take care that your 
Lordship nor none of your family — lor whom he protested great service 
— should take it ill of him, since it was not his seeking, and he assured 
me he would not take it amiss from your self and family that you 
enter'd a caveat^ being seen that would not stop the patent, and would 
preserve a show and colour of right for the heir g«3neral. I told him I 
would enter the caveat , to be entered in the Chancery, beliefing it would 
give you a little more time to think before it got to the Greate Seale 
Mr. Cross went thither last night and brought me word this momiDg 
that Lord Keeper sent for him in and told him he should not stop the 
patent an hour for the caveat^ and desired to know if his Lord had 
council read}*^ to defend the enteiing of the caveat^ which he said he 
should hear. There is yet noe caveat entered, for Mr. Cross went to 
Hackerley to draw one, but he could not tell how to doe it, uppon which 
he went to the Keeper's thinking the Secretary there would have shewed 
him how they Avere drawne, but he did not and told his Lord your 
servant was there, who sent for him in presently. Mr. Cross told me 
alsoe that Mr. Hackerley said you had noe right, soe I fancy you will 
not employ him in it. 1 should think you cannot have a better man 
than Sir Peter King, if you designe to have it argued. I believe you 
will consider the mutter with your friends." 

" One thing more I should tell you, which is that Harley told me 
yesterday that he was sure that some body else would have the title in 
a month if he had it not, which is a sign there will be more honours 
granted. I sent you here inclosed the letter I received from Mr. 
Harley, which I desire you will return me. If you think it best to be 
quiet in this affair I should think we should tell Harley what steps 
have been made to procuring you another title, and try to engage him 
to assist in it, uppon giving him noe trouble in this point.^ 

Postscript, — " I have shew'd your warrant for the rooms to Lord 
Abingdon, and told the Speaker yesterday you would accommodate the 
House of Commons. I have not delivered the warrant yet, for I fancy 
there should be some words in it to signifie her Majesty's pleasure^ and 
also a warrant to the Wardrobe to furnish them. Let me know in your 
next if I am under a mistake." 

Lincoln Eacbs. 

1723. — ^Articles to be observed for the Ladies Plate at Lincoln. 


The Rebellion of 1745. 

1745, October 1. — A voluntary subscription for the security of his 
Majesty's person and Government and for the payment of such forces 
as shall be raised within the county of Lincoln began at the Castle of 

Tyrconnel - 
Ric. Hardwick 
Fr. Whichcote 
E. Pelhani - 
Thos. Trollope 
Ger. Scrope - 
Luke Williamson for 
Ld. Fi(z William - 
Thos. Scrope 
John Oust - 
Rob. Vjner - 
Wm. Noel - 
Hen. Bradley 
Fra. Vane - 
The. Vivian - 
Evd. Buck worth 
Savile Gust - 

M88. OF THS 

Babl or - 



Scarbrough - 


Vere Bertie - 

T. Whichcot 

Thos. Chaplin 

William Irby 

G. Storm for himself 

and the Freeholdrs. 

Crowle Althorpe 

Hen. Pennant 
John Henley 
C. Re vn olds - 
J. Tyrwhitt - 
John Buisliere 
M. Boucherett 
Robt. Cracroft 
Jno. Michell 
Clemt. Tudway 
Willm. Welby 
Edmd. Turnor 
Jas. Pennyman 
G. Gregory Junr. 
J. Seaford - 
Samnel Salter CI. 
Wm. Johnston 
Jno. Arnold - 
Jno. Harvey 
Jno. Hooton 
John Peck - 
John Robinson 























Samuel Rolt 


Josh. Pearl - 


Thomas Jesson 


Saml. Hunter 


Geo. Denshire 

10 10 

Tho. Brown - 


Lawce. Monck 


Gilbt. Benet Clk. - 


Edwd. Hales 

10 10 

Thos. Adam 


Wm. Bassett 


Jno. Whit«lamb 


Benjn. Bromhead 


Thos. Wallis 


Thos. Wallis M.D. - 


Griffth. Nelthorpe - 


J. Whichcot 


<Teorge Brown Mayor" 
of the City of Lin- 
coln - - J 

100 for the 
' City. 

F. Flower - 


John Maddison 


John Pindar 


Robt. Woodhouse 


Thos. Becke 


Geo. Tolland 


John Hodgson 

4 4 

William Johnson 


\s m. Seller - 

7 4 

Wm. Cheales 


Jno. Bland - 


Ebenezer Cawdron - 

6 6 

Wm. Anderson Clk. 


J. Maw 


J. Wilbertoss 


J. Crompton 


Cranwell Coats 


J. Marshall - 


J. Maddison 

10 10 

Henry Revell 


Nathl. Robinson 

10 10 

J. V. Tapsford 

10 10 

Benjn. Collyer 


Matts. Hawton 


Jonan. Rudsdell 


John Every - 


William Gates 

4 4 

George Clarke 

4 4 

Joseph Brackenbury 

5 5 



Basl op 


John Baxter 
Simon Every 
Carr Brackenbury 
Weston John Smith 
John Smith - 
Willm. Hasledene 
Fitz. White - 
Adlard Sq. Stukeley 
Anthony Taylor 
Edward Saul 
Wm. Scortreth 
J. Walls 
John Ferrand 
Robt. Pindar 
Hen. Browne 
John Curtois Jr. 
Tho. Shaw Clerk 
J. Linton Clerk 
Lang Bankes 
Jos. Dixon - 
Riehd. Gilbert 
James Ward 
J. Curtois - 
Edwd. Beresford 
John Turner 
Geo. Stow - 


4 4 

5 4 


2 10 


10 10 
10 10 

5 5 


3 3 

4 4 


10 > 
15 15 



Fra. Bernard 

R. Butterwood 

W. Holgate - 

Jno. Jenkinson 

John Green - 

James Bolton 

J. Fahams - 

John Coltman 

Shelley Pennell 

Jno. Disney - 

John Harrison 

Sir Henry Nelthorpe 
subscribed in 
another paper 

Tho. Shaw for Edwd. 
Greathed - 

Benj. Walker 

Geo. Boulton 

Adrian Hardy 

T. Pownall - 

Chris. Nevile 

Jno. Middlemore 

Wm. Kirke - 

Charles Beridge 

Bas. Beridge 

Thos. Trollope 






















Sir Joshua Reynolds. 

5 O 


100 o 



1759, June 10.— Receipt signed " J. Reynolds *' for thirty guineas from 
the Duke of Aucaster *' being the half payment for the pictures of the 
Marquess of Lindsey and Lady Mary Bertie." 



c. 1522. — An inventory of beds, bedding, and hangings brought from 
Tattenhall. Among the hanging are, a piece of roses and leaves, a piece 
of "Our Lady," a piece of the story of Moses with the tables^ and 
pieces called the " Ragged staffe," and the " Vyneyard." At the other 
end of the book are receipts for the year 1522. 


1535, December 18. — An inventory of plate for family and churdi 
use, taken at South wark. 

Amongst the articles of church plate are^ crosses, chalices, cruetSi 
paxes, ''holy water pots," images of saints, reioonstrances, and censers, 
all of which except the two last are gilt. 

The DoKB OF Suffolk. 

1546, May 22. — ^A list of all the horses, mares, and geldings belong- 
ing to the Duke [of Suffolk] in his stables and pastures at Grimsthorpe. 

The totals are — Ninety horses- and geldings of all ages and both 
ambling and trotting, and thirty -five mares both ambling and trotting, 
** as well of the stood as for the careage." 


The Duchess of Suffolk. ^^^ ^^. ^ 

1551. — An inventory of apparel and other things and lent by the Akcib^. 
Duchess to her sons, the Duke of Suffolk and Lord Charles Brandon, and — 

bought by her. 

In the list of articles lent to the Duke of Suffolk are — A black velvet 
gown furred with sables and guarded with " passamaue " lace, which 
came in his chest from Cambridge ; a velvet cap with fourteen diamonds; 
another velvet cap with fourteen rubies ; a diamond set in gold ; a 
*' sallet " with four emeralds ; pearl buttons ; and a dial of bone. 

Amongst Lord Charles Brandon's things are — " The wardshipe and 
mariadge of Mistress Anne Waddell " ; a suit of crimson satin embroi- 
dered wtth silver, given to the Duchess by the King, with buttons of 
gold; anight gown of grogram furred with jennet ; and a cape with 
seventeen pair of "agletts" and sixteen buttons ; and a broach. Two 


[After 1601.] — An inventory of furniture and other articles. Men- 
tions Sir Montague's chamber. Sir Thomas Willoughby's chamber, the 
Queen's chamber, the Presence chamber in which was a picture of " my 
old Lord Peregrine " and ** my old Lady Mary " ; the " gazing ' 
chamber, and the Earl of Rutland's chamber. 

[Sir Owen Wynn.] 

1676, December 1. — " A note of all my plates at Caetmehor." 
Includes — A great frame with five plates on it for sweetmeats ; a 
silver box with three dozen counters in it, with the arms of England , 

and France ; another silver box with three dozen new groats in it ; six 
silver spoons " with the crucifix upon the end of them that were my 
great grandfather William Gwith (Griffith) ap Robin, of Cotswillian" ; 
a naked boy in silver with an inkhorn in one hand and a candlestick in 
the other ; a big silver bowl that " my mother Powell gave my sonn 
Sir Richard Wynn " ; twelve trencher dishes with the Gwydyr arms ; a 
" little pott close cover'd to put a wax candle in to read by." Endorsed 
" a note of all my silver plate except those at Weeg which are consider- 


1723, September 13. — A list of articles belonging to the late Duke of 
Ancaster and bought for 557/. 2s. 3d. by his son. Signed. " Ancaster 
Albemarle Bertie, Thomas Farrington." 


1725, March 27. — Statement by Jacob Duhamel of the weight and 
value of the diamonds in the necklace and buckle belonging to the 
Duchess of Ancaster. The necklace contained forty diamonds weighing 
a little more than thirty-eight carats, valued at 651/. 4*. The buckle 
contained thirty diamonds weighing a little over seven carats, valued at 
71/. 3*. The largest brilliants were valued at 20/. a carat. 

SwiNSTEAD House. 

1725 [-6], January 22. — An inventory of goods belonging to the 
late Duke of Ancaster. Amongst the pictures are— Mary, Queen of 
Scots, King George, The Princess of Wales, Lord Lindsey, Lord and 


^Rm ™ ^^^y Tjrconnell, the Duke of Ancaster, Lady Kleanora Bertie, 
AarcASTBB. Albemarle Bertie, the Duke af Buckingham, Lady Betty Cecil, and 
others. At the end is a list of articles taken from Grimsthorpe to 

GwYDYR UppFJi House. 

1728, April 1. — A list of articles in Gwydyr Upper House delivered 
to Thoma^j Wynne by order of the Duke of Ancaster. 


1730, August 25. — An inventory of goods belonging to the Duke of 
Ancaster at his hunting seat at Rainby. 


[c. 1735.] — An inventory of household furniture belonging to the 
Marquis of Lindsey, the Honble. Albemarle Bertie, and the two Miss 

GwYDYR Ufper House. 

1737, June 8. — ^An inventory of the goods of the Duke of Ancaster 
at Gwydyr Upper House. 

Hundred of Babergh. 

1514-23.— Certificate of Sir William Waldeyn, Sir William Cloptou, 
George Mannok, Robert Crane, and Robert Ford the Elder, commis- 
sioners concerning the musters and for valuing men's substance in that 

Among the proprietors were the Queen, the College of St. Gregory 
in Sudbury, Sir Edward Nevyll, the Duke of Norfolk, Sir William 
Waldegrave, Lady Peyton, the Guilds of St. Peter, St. John, the 
Trinity, and St, Christopher in Boxford, the Provost of Cambridge, the 
Abbess of Dartford, Sir Richard Fitzlawes, Lady Salisbury, the Abbess 
of Mailing, the Earl of Oxford, and many others. 


A volume of poems, chiefly political and satirical, of the seventeenth 
century. Some of them printed in the " State Poems^ 

Household Accounts. 

1560-2. — An account book of the household expenses of Richard 
Bertie, Esq., and the Lady Katherine, Duchess of Suffolk, his wife. 
Among other items are the following : — 

" Wardrobe of Robes." 

1560. " Five yards and a halfe of hamphere kersey at 2s. 
the yard to make hose for Thomas Hallydaye, 
Dicke with the croked backe and others." 
1561, April. *• Paid at London for ten onzes of granado silke for 

my masters shirtes, at 2s. 8d, the onze." 
Same date. To Mistress Knowles and eight others, 13*. 4J. each 

" for velvet to garde theire lyverye gownes." 
1562, February. " A payer of Valencian gloves for my master, 10c?.,'* 

and " a hatt of thrimmed silke, garnished, and a 
bandc of gold, for my master at his coming to 
Grimsthorpe, 18*." 


1562, May. " Geven to suche gentlemen as attended, uppon herr Mss. op thb 

Grace at the Corte, which they shuld have ^^tek. 

bestowed upon their lyveries save for the Statute — 
of apparell," 3/. 6s. Sd. 

** Children of honowre." 

1561, December. " Two dozen of points for the two Polish Georges." 
1562, May. "Paid for bowes and arrowes for'' George Sebas- 
tian, 6^. 
1562, June. " Paid for a ca«rle of gold " for Mistress Susan, 45*. 
" Paid for two grammar bookes for the children, 2s J* 

" Wardrobe of beddes.'* 

1560, October. To Eichard Thomson "for dryinge of two f ether 

beddf, 2s, Sd. 
1562, February. " For three dozen of rushes for Barbican and my 

Ladle's lodging at the Corte," 6s, Sd. 
1562, March. "For clensing the house at Grimsthorpe in February, 

1562, April. " For a candlesticke for a watche light, 35. 10c?." 

May. " For a dussine of bromes for her Grace to bume, 

June. " For making cleane of herr Grace's chamber at 
Grenewich, 12rf." 

" Gyftes and rewardes." 

1560, December. " To a man' of my Lorde Clinton's which brought a 

feasant and two partriges," 3*. 3c/. 
" To George, Mr. Pellam's man, to funishe himselfe 
lord of Christmas and his men in a ly very, 40*." 

1561, January. "To Sir Fraunces Foskewe's players which came 

to offer them selves to playe before my Lady's 

Grace, 3*. 4c?." 
February. "To Mistress Brodbank in reward for kytchinge 

forty-four ratts at Valdey, 3*. 4c?." 
" To one which played the hobby-horse before my 

master and my Ladie's Grace, 6*. Sd:* 
" To the servants of thouse at Upton," 11*. 4c?. 
" To certen men which opined gappes for my master 

and my Lady's Grace as they came from Upten,'* 

March. " To my Lord Ambrose Dudley's man which brought 

letters the twenty-first," 2s. 
" In rewarde to the servants in Mistress Sissell's 

house," 6s. 4d. 
1561, August. " To twolmen which played upon the puppetts, 6*. Sd. 

** Given by my master's commandment to the kepers 

of the lions at the towre at London in May last^ 

To Cockrell " to bye him a payer hervest gloves," 3c?. 
" To Mistress Ashelye's man at the Cort " who " lett 

my master into the privy garden, the Queue being 

theare, 3*. 4c?." 
September. " To Mr. Peregrine, Mistress Susan and the rest by 

her Grace to by their fayrings of a pedler at the 

gate," 2*. 
" To a wyfe of Lowth which made wagers agaynst 

the Lorde Admirall's coming to Belleaw," 2*. 4c?. 

K 64159. R 


ifss.ov THB October, "To my Lord Robart Dudleye's players at Grims- 

Babl op thorpe, which ofered themselves to play but dyd 

^^i!!""' not, 105." 

" To Pretie's wife to by achates for herself and herr 
children in herr Grace's absence," 40*. 
' .iSBhytSo^inhevw^^To: Monsieur X,e Forge which pf eseiited a locky 
- ' ! ' 20*." 

" To a bonesetter dwelling in Walbroke for setting 
t" { ' ' t i; in of twa joynthcs which weare: otrt m younge 

, GerV'es' ancley," 3*. 4d, 
1661, December. "To Mr. Rose and his daughters which played 

before her Grace in her sycknes," 13*. 4d, 
" For the poore of St. Giles' in Barbicrai, 6s" 
" To two of ray Lord Robert Dudley's men which 
came to play before them upcm the drume and 
the phiph," 6s. 
** To my Lord of Arrundall's players," 6*. Sd, 
" To the waights of London," 5s, 
** To David Suls in gold for a new yers gifte for the 
Queue,' being five onzes and thtee peny waight, 
14/. IC*." 
**To him for the workemanship," because "the 
peece was not well wrought, he had but 
41. 14*. 8<f." 
1^62, January. " To divers noblemen's trumpiters to the. number of 

ten, 20*." 
: < " To the Queen's trumpiters," 20*. 

" To Handforde of the Black Swanne in Chepe a 
goldsmith, for a chesse borde and a set of men 
given to the Queue, 7/." 
** Given to Ladie Knowles in a payer of sieves for a 

New Years gifte," 6/. 
" To the Queue's violens," 20*. 
" To the Erie of War wyck's players," 7*. ed. 

1562, February. " To an Etalion which shuld have menestered 

medicine to herr Grace for the small poxe, 5*," 
" To Mr. Catlyne, Lord Chief Judge in a standing 
-cuppe of sylver," 11/. 13*. Sd. 
" To Judge Browne in a standinge cuppe of sylver," 

11/. 5*. 4e/. 
^< To Dr. Keyns in a cuppe of sylver all gilt, for his 

paynes taken in the sycknes of her Grace and 

Mistress Susan," 51. 14*. 
*' To Chaterton for his paynes with Isbor Grace in my 
,.- I^ady Marie Graye's chambre, 6*." 

■ 1662, March. To "a shipman which brought her Grace a camary 

byrde, 20*." 
** To the collectors for Powle's steple, 6*. 8c/." 
May. " To one of the gromes of the Queue's stable which 
brought my mistress a horse to ryde with my Lord 
R[obert], 3*. 4c/." 
*^ To mv Lord of Burgayme*s manj" 6$. 6d. 
<<To Mistress Aslieley's man that brought her Grace 
to Barbican with a lytle wagon, 12c/." 

, , 1562, July. "To the Queue's players which played at Grims- 

thorp," 20*. 


" Wutkes and Bujldings.'* HSS. «y th« 

1562, January. ** To a paynter which drewe the picter of two chil- AmoitftBR 

dren," 2s, — 

" To a man which laded water owte of the cellor at 
Barbican,*' 6d, 
1562, March. "To a paynter which went to the Corte and drew 

herr Grace's armes for herr sadle, 20c/." 

•* Husbandly." 

1560, October. "For a pound of longe peper for medicines for sicke 

cattell," 7*. 6d. 

" Necessaryep." 

1560, December. " My master lost at blancke dise," Id. 

1561, January. "To Sandon's wife for birche for rodds," 3d, 

„ July. " For my masters losses at the buttes," and " paieing 

for all ihe contrey men which toke his part," 2s. 

1562, January. " To my master at tables with herr Grace," I2d. 

" For a payer of syssers to poll the boyes of the 

kychen," 6d. 
" For meat for the turky cockes at Barbican," 2s. 
March. " To the companie of the Gh)lde8mithe8 for warning 
of my Ladle's sylver dust boxe when it was stolen 
owt-e of herr chambre at the corte," 6^. 8c?. 
June. " To a 'portingall by her Grace for two onzcs of 

muske," 3/. 
July. " Paid for plantan water and rosemary water," 4cf. 
October. " Paid for a boote for the mote at Beleaw," 17*. 

" Bakhowse and Pantire," 

1561, November. " Paid for a basone and ewre with a nest of bolls 

which weare gevin to Mistress Carrowe of sylver 
fashion," 12*. 
1562, May. " Paid by her Grace for one dozen of sylver plate 

trenchers, 26/." 

" Bruhowse and Buttry." 
1562, February. "To Gomport brewer for three barrells of strong 

beere at 7*. the barrell, and for thirty five of doble 
beere at 4*. 4c/. the barrell," 8/. 12*. Sd. 

" CeUor." 
1561, July. " For six gpllons and a pottell of wormwood wyne," 

10*. lOd. 
November. " For amending the vice of one of the cuppes beinge 
the Queue's new yere's gift the last year" and 
other items, 17*. 
"Paid to Mr. Atkinson the Queue's purvior of 
wynes, for one hogshed of claret wyne, 50*." 
December. " For a pynt of claret wyne in herr Grace's sycknes, 

Father Frier not being within, 2d.*' 
" For five quarts of claret wyne " to make jelly, 20d. 
1562, January. " For one gallon of Ipocras," 4*. Sd. 
March. " For one pynt of Jubilatie, Sd." 
June. " For two gallons of Renish wyne to fill the grett 
vessell at Barbican," 3*. id. 

" Spicery, Chaundry, and Lawndry." 

1560, Octobre. " For a pounde of anne's seed," 14c/. 

" For one pound of rosin provided for staffe torches, 


R 2 



USS. OP THB November. " For a stone of candlewicke," Ss. Sd. 

^^TTO " ^^^ ^^S^^ pound of waxe," 8*. 

— 1561, July. " For six pound of peper bought at London, 19*. 

For one pound of ginger, 3*. Sd, 
For one pound of synamond, 10*. Qd. 
For one pound of clove?, 11*. 
For one pound of mace, 14*." 
" For one pound of iseinglasse, 2s. 6d.^' 
September. " For four pound of graye sope, I2d" 

October. "For one pound of bisketts, 16c?." 
December. "For six white printed lights," 2s. 6d. 
1562, February. *' For wafers when my master and her Grace dyned 

with Dr. Keyns," 20d. 
" For clecompaine rotes," Id. 
1562, March. " Due to Modie grocer of London," 21/. 19*. 6d. 

Among the items of this bill, the bulk of which 
items were sent to Grimsthorpe, are a " topnet " of 
figs, great and small raisins, "lycorns," fennel 
seeds, marmalade, " cakes of castle soope,*' green 
ginger, " sokett," and sweet soap. 
1562, September. " For three dozen pounde of cotton wycke," SI. 6*. 

" For six dozen of harde wycke," 18*. 
** For a barrell of swete sope at Sturbridge," 50*. 
1562, October. " Bedd Avaxe for my master," 4c?. 

" Kychen." 

1560. October. " For eight hundred salt fishe," 26/. 13*. 4d. 

" For a hundred lynges," 7/. 
1561, February. "For paintinge of George of the kichen's coote," 

1562, September. Paid for wafers to make marchepaines," Id. 

" Jurnying." 

1561, October. Her GIraee's charges in coming from Grimsthorpe to 

London with her train. At Huntingdon supper 

and breakfast, 46*. 4d. Drinking at Sti)t<in, 15d. 

Dinner at Royston with other things, 39*. lid. 

Supper and breakfast at Fuckeridge, 54*. Id. 

Dinner at Waltha'm, 17*. Id. and 2*. dd. for drink 

at Wals worth. Ware, and Hoddesdon. Total 

8/. and 6d. 
1561, November. " For the suppers of twenty four persones at the 

Swanne at Charing Crosse which attended upon 

her Grace to the Corte, 11*. 4c/." 
" For a carre to bring a bedde from my Lady 

Katherine Capell's to Barbican when herr Grace 

was sick," 4d. 
1562, June. Paid for boat hire, and carriage of "stuff" for her 

Grace and three servants to Greenwich, 3/. 7*. 4</. 
Paid for the hiring of " fifteen persons at the Corte 

at Greenwich by the space of twenty dales, 

SI. 10*. 4d.'' 

" Stable." 
1561, December. " For a payer of silke raines for my Ladie," 26*. Sd. 


1561, March " The booke of records for the Kychyn," being 

a list of the bills of fare for all the different tables. Mr. Bertie and the 


Duchess do not appear to have observed Lent, which however was Mss. op thb 
strictly observed by every one else in the house. A^castio. 


1580 . A. list of expenses at Barbican from June to December 

1580, chiefly for law and household matters. 

The Same. 
1583, November . A list of expenses at Grimsthorpe or London. 

Lord Willouohby. 

1587-9, . Particulars of moneys paid to Lord Willoughby's 

company of horse, and other soldiers. Two books, 

BiCHABD Ward. 



General Lyttelton Annesley kindly sent for the inspection of the 
Commissioners the original diary kept by his ancestor tiie Earl of 
Anglesey, who held various high ofiEices of State during the reign of 
Charles II. The historical interest of the extracts from it which are 
here printed is not great, but the diary as a vvhole is remarkable as 
showing how a man of the strictest puritanical training could live in 
almost daily intercourse with some of the most profligate characters of 
his time, without his own character and habits being in any way 
affected. Burnet describes the Earl as " A man of a grave deportment." 
The diary extends over a period of about four years and a half, there 
being an entry of the writer's doings on nearly every day in that time ; 
but the passages from it which follow contain all the matter therein which 
Bcems to have any value at the present day. 

May 8, 1671. I went with my wife to see Bulstrode and lay this 

night at Kensington house. I went every day after 
but the Lord's day to London about business and 
returned at night. 

The Lord's days went to Kensington church in 
the morning, and in our own chapel M"^ Agas 
preached afternoons. 
She died May 21. I had first notice of Lady Rutland's 

Friday May 19. death. 

May. 26. I went early to London on many businesses. Begun 
the Bible again. This morning considering the 
great decay of piety and increase of profaneness 
and atheism, and particularly my own standing 
at a stay if not declining in grace, I fixed a 
resolution to renew the course I had in former 
times held of watching over my ways and re- 
cording the actions and passages of my life, both 
to quicken me in good ways and to leave a 
memorial thereof to my posterity for imitation, 
and to give God the glory of his guidance and 
mercy towards me and mine : purposing also to 
review the time past of my life and for the same 
ends to reduce all the passages thereof to writing 
that I could find memorials of or recollect : so to 
redeem the time because the days are evil. 


MS. OP May 27. Went to London to speak with the King before he 

LtotSSn went to Windsor, and did so. 

AsvBSLTm This went Contracted for Newport Pagnell manor fee farm 

not on. rent in reversion at 8 years' purchase. And for 

the mills in possession by entering it in the minate 

Wrote letters to Ireland ; and went to Ken- 
sington to dinner. Spent the afternoon in reading, 
contemplation and conference, D' Owen and his 
wife coming to us in the evening. 
28. Went to churoh in the morning and heard D' Hodges, 
Dean of Hereford. Sereral friends came to 
dinner and we had good discourse. Heard M' 
Agas in the chapel afternoon. I had much 
relenting consideration this day of the intem- 
perance the society of a great man had surprised 
me into 3 or 4 times since the King's restora- 
tion : perhaps God permitted me to fall, because 
I was too apt to pride myself that in the whole 
course of my life I was never before overtaken 
with drink; and I bless God I have the more 
abhorred it since, as I do myself for it : and bless 
God he never suffered me to be polluted with 
strange women, the sin of the times. As I was 
in the proper work of the day several persons 
of quality came and interrupted me successively ; 
when gone, I returned to my closet work. Lord, 
pardon the diversions, and drowsiness of this day! 
Thoughts possessed me this day of building a 
library at Bletchington for the advancement of 
learning and religion in my family. 
May 29. I went to London in the morning and returned to 
dinner with S' Char. Wolseley and Lord Power, 
&c. with me. I spent the afternoon comfortably 
with my Christian friends, went to London to 
supper and came back safe to bed. 

30. Spent the morning in devotion, reading and some 

business. Afternoon went to Loudon about the 
subsidies of Westminster ; made my report to the 
Committee of the Irish affairs ; wrote for Ireland, 

31. Went to London to the African company and 

other business : came back to dinner. Afternoon 
conversed with friends and visited Ald^ Erasmus 
Smith, M' Nye, &c. and spent some time in 
reading, &c. 

June 1. Went to London in the morning ; did divers business 
and the usual duties. Returned at night. 

June 2. Went to London in the morning to the Gambia Com- 
pany's meeting. Afternoon was at M" More's 
hearing against Lady Morgan, at Council. Con- 
tracted with the Trustees for the manor of Newport 
Pagnell fee farm rent, &c. 
3. Spent the morning at home in reading, writing & 
divers business. The afternoon the Bishop of 
Durham and many other friends from London took 
' up the whole time almost. 

" 263 

4.' The morning was at church at Kensington : at noon liet^Jq^t 
found the Duke of Buckingham and Lord Ashley I'Tttbltoit* 
come to dinner, and others: after noon heard ^^^^^^^j^^rr. 
M^ Agas in the chapel. After sermon came Ladj 
Tjrill, <fcc., Lady Marquess of Worcester the 
younger, Lady Seymour and several others; by 
which the duties of the day were interrupted, 
which I endeavoured in the evening to redeem. 

6. Went to London to meet a Com***® of Council ; did 
several business and returned by noon. Lord 
Keeper and his Lady, his son and daughters and 
many other dined with us, and stayed much of the 
afternoon ; and others came in. 
June 7. Went to London about business of the navy chest 
and subsidies. 

8. Went to London to the Gambia Company and 

Com"®® of Council for Ireland, and returned to 
dinner. After dinner young Lady Ranelagh and 
her mother and several others came. I spent the 
rest of the day in study and the usual duties. 

9. Went to meet the King at Council at Hampton 

Court according to summons and dined there : read 
over the book called the Unreasonableness of the 
Romanists; a very good discourse, especially the 

10. This day I spent at Kensington in reading and 

business and the usual duties. I read through 
Glanvi lie's book against Dogmatizing; the scope 
of it is good, and 'twill not be amiss to read it 
again : he is much for De Carte's philosophy and 
against Aristotle's. 

11. In the morning went to Kensington church; in the 

afternoon heard M'' Agas in the chapel. Read 
through the Triumphs of Rome over dispersed 
Protestancy : a notable book, being a true cha- 
racter of the corruptions of that church out of 
their own authors, and to be further perused as I 
go on in my book against Popery. 
1671. June 17. Went to Hampton Court in the morning; met the 

King there and dined with him : went in the 
evening to Windsor. Lay at M' Baker's. 

18, Was at the King's chapel in the morning carrying 

the sword, there being no Ki^ight of the Garter 
attending, though a cpUar day. Dined at Lord 
Chamberlain's who invited n^e. Was at the parish 
church afternoon. 

19. [Cipher:— the King?] gave me little comfort, foi 

though he confessed upon my putting him to it 
that he had nothing against me, and that I had 
served him well ; yet 'twould be very inconvenient, 
he said, for his affaus, to take off my suspension 
and restore me, and said he thought he had offered 
me fair to settle 3000^ a year on me for my life 
-without putting me to any trouble. I told him 
'twas my honour, and to be in his service I prized 
most ; and after I should be in the execution of 
my place a while, I would surrender it upon such 


MS. OF terms as should satisfy him, and expect some other 

lSteltoh' employment. I discoursed further at large with 

AirvBBLBT. him, but found him hardened, yet told him I 

' ' hoped lie would at length do me justice which 

was all 1 asked. I fold all to Lord S^ Albans 
in whose lodgings this discourse was, who vowed 
to second it T\-ith all his might, and would see 
me at London. 

20. Spent till 3 of the clock at home, then went on 

business to London. I did the usual duties. 
Carried Arthur to a school. 

21. Went to London on business in the morning : returned 

to dinner with D' Owen and his wife. Spent the 
afternoon in visiting and reading and the usual 

22. Went to London in the morning to Council, the 

King coming thither ; and by his direction signified 
by my Lord Ashley, who delivered me from His 
Ma^ the Report concerning the state of Lreland : 
for that end I made the said Eeport at Council^ 
His Ma^y himself also directing me in person so 
to do. Lord Duke of Ormond and M' Attorney 
and Loid Arlington shewed anger at it, but in 
vain. I spent the rest of the day in business. 

23. Went to London in the morning : saw L^ Lieu* L* 

Ashley (who had command from the King to me 
about a warrant to be drawn to proceed in the 
business of the Report) and L^ 8* Albans, &c. ; 
and prepared the said warrant and did several 

24. Spent all day at Kensington in reading and other 

business. L*^ Ashley, Lord Ranlugh, my two 
brother Ashfields, &c. dined here, and much com- 
pany after noon. Sent the warrant I drew yester- 
day by Lord Ashley to the King, and had much 
discourse with him, &c. 

25. The morning I went to Kensington church ; the 

afternoon heard M' Agas in the chapel. L^ Dover 
and several others dined with us, and much com*- 
pany, Lady (? Chaworth) M' Attorney Montague 
and his wife, <&c., came after noon ; which was some 
interruption to duties, but I spent what time I 
could in them. 

26. I went in the morning to London on business and 

returned to dinner; afternoon spent most with 
friends ; son Power and daughter &c., came in the 
evening and supped with us ; and went after that 
night to Colebrook in their journey for Lreland, 
lea^ang my grandson John Power and his 'maid 
with us : God preserve him and them ! 
July 2. In the morning was at the King's Chapel. Got not 
an opportunity to speak with the King for justice 
about my office till the evening, when I could do 
no better ; by Lord S* Albail's advice I aocej 
what appears in the warrant I drew n xt 
5. Spent all day at London: set Chai 4> 


8. The morning I went to London on business, and ^ ^®* R' 

returned to dinner. The afternoon I went to Ltttlbtoh 
Court, and did prepare the warrant for the Duke ^ kmlkt. 
of York's conveyance of land to me, and the usual 
duties. My Lord Arlington told me the King 
had seen the warrant about my office of Treasurer 
of the Navy, and agreed to it all but the words ' to 
my satisfaction ' ; and six of the Council signing 
warrants for my 3000^ a year, he wished me to 
speak to the King of it. 

9. Went to church with the King in the morning ; 

spoke with him of my business, who said he was 
resolved to be very kind to me, and would speak 
with Lord Arlington to dispatch my warrant. 1 
dined with D*^ Bridiock, Dean of Salisbury, who 
invited me yesterday. Gave my warrant for the 
Duke of York to M' Wren to get signed. 

10. This day I stayed at Windsor, and spent most at 

Court, the Eang having upon my further address 
yesterday required my stay till tomorrow, that 
the business of the navy should be heard ; and I 
was summoned then to be at Council by nine in 
the morning. I did the usual duties; and in a 
special manner sought God's protection for next 
day, this being my birthday and I now 57 years 
of age ; the Lord sanctify the rest of my days 
more to his glory ! Duke of York agreed my 

11. At Council in the morning the business of the navy 

was heard between the two Sir Thomas's, and it 
appeared I had kept to rules in the Treasury 
better than those before or after me, yet no justice 
done me. I went after noon to Stoke, where the 
King dined. 

12. Went the morning to Court about my business ; but 

the King being gone very early to Hampton 
Court, I went thither, and returned with the 
King, whom I spoke with about my office: he 
told me he could not now, but when he came 
back from Portsmouth ho would settle all to my 
satisfaction. Then I moved him about the reduce- 
ment of the quit-rent of Beare and Bantry, which 
he granted, and signed the warrant at night. 

15. Spent the morning in business at London, writing 
letters to Lord Orrery, son Power and brother John ; 
Lord Chief Justice Yaughan and several friends 
visiting me. Spent the afternoon at Kensington 
in business and taking the air, and did the usual 

16« Went to church at Kensington in the morning, and 
to our own chapel after noon : the Lord pardon 
slight performance at both I Several friends dined 
with us, I did spend the rest of the day in 
reading and other duties. 

19. Went to London in the morning, and Lord Ashley, 
&c. calling me, we went to Lord Lieu* Barkley's 
to dinner at Twickenham, where we met also the 


MS. olr Duke of Bocks and Secretary Trevor, but did 

LttSetoJ' ^i**^® business. The Duke in great kindness ex- 

Ainrstaarr. pressed his confidence in my friendship, and his 

design to have me Chancellor; being, as he was 
pleased to say, the fittest man in England, and 
the present Keeper a poor veeak man not filling 
so great a place : when he pressed to know my 
opinion, I said 1 was not ambitious of it, and it 
was an envious and troublesome employment. 
He told me somebody must have it, and he believed 
he could get it me, and he thought they might 
live easily with me as a friend : I said, what the 
King pleased, so I was not excluded all employ- 
ment, should satisfy me. He enjoined me secrecy, 
for the Lord Arlington, if it were known, would 
tell it as news to the King to disappoint it : to 
induce me he said lie thought he could get the 
Keeper to be willing to give off, and be satisfied 
Eome other way; and so left things. I came 
home at night and did the usual duties. 

21. After noon begun my journey with my family to 

Bletcliington» and went that night to Wickham to 
bed, the Lord Wharton overtaking us, and making 
us see his buildings at Wobum by the way. 

22. Went to dinner at Bletchington. After noon did 

several business, set the house in order, and did 

the usual duties. 

28. Heard M' Hooke at church in the morning, and M' 

Agas at home after noon, and did ether duties of 

the day, only friends gave some interruption. 

31. S«^ Tho. Spencer, M' Horwood, M' Jervis, M' 

Underbill, Lady Jenkinson, Cousin Borlase, &e. 

Son Thomson came to dinner ; my wife being gone for my 

came with daughter Anne, I made them very welcome, and 

• my wife. spent most of the day with them till my wife came 

Aug. 1. Spent most of the day at home, the Bishop of Oxford 
and Sir W*^ Fleetwood dining here. I went to 
M' Dormer in the evening, and had the sad news 
of my son Annesley's dangerous sickness; the 
Lord he merciful to him ! 

2. Went in the morning to Grayes ; stayed there all 

night, and viewed the house and grounds. 

3. Came back to dinner to Bletchington, seeing S' 

Timothy Terill, &c., by the way. Spent after- 
noon in business and usual duties. 
4« Dined at Woodstock with Lord Lovelace, but 
sufiered no excess in drinking, using caution 
against it. 

6. Heard M' Hooke in the morning, andcM' Agas after 

noon, when sad letters came again from Belvoir of 
my son's dangerous sickness: I dispatched the 
messenger Rowland back at night with letters to 
them all, and sent D*" Forrest also with cordial 

7. Spent all day at home. Lord Lovelace and much 

other company dining here. 


9. Spent this day at home, S' Tim. TerilJ, his ladj jjg ^^ 
and daughters coming also to dinner, I did the Libut.-Gbk. 
usual duties, & heard well of my son at night: ankeSot^ 
God be praised ! — 

10. Spent at home, the Bishop of Oxford and divers 
others coming to dinner. 

14. Spent the morning at home in business; the after- 

noon went a visiting, and sent my coach to Oxford 
to fetch my son and daughter Annesley come 
from London. 

15. Spent the whole day at home, blessing God for their 
'. safe coming home, my grandchild Frank Annesley 

arriving also from Bel voir. 

18. Went with most of our friends to dinner to S*^ 

Timothy Terili's, being invited yesterday ; daughter 
Thomson was come before we came back. I did 
some business and the usual duties : sent my 
coach to Stokenchurch. 

19. Went out in my son's chariot at 6, and was at 

Stokenchurch by 10, and thence in my own coach 
by 4 after noon. 

25. Was at London about business, and writing letters 

all day, and did the accustomed duties. The 
Duke of Bucks was with me and spoke of the 

26. This morning at 5 o'clock S"^ Richard Astley went in 

the flying coach towards Bletchington. I spent 
all day at London in business. Dined with L^ 
Barkley, who assured me all were for my being 
Keeper, but S*^ Tho. Osborne opposed ; that the 
Keeper himself was infirm, and willing to give 
off : he said he spake not this by rote, but on good 

grounds. He told me also Lady had refused to 

see him. I was also by divers told the news was I 
was to be Privy Seal and Lord Ashley Treasurer ; 
but sure I am fit for no place if unworthy niy own, 
nor desire I any unless better courses be steered. 
I did the usual duties. This day's discourse calls 
to mind how Lord Ashley yesterday complimented 
me about the Lord Keeper's place, being pleased 
to tell me none would fill it better, and that if he 
had any power he would endeavor it. 
Sept. 1. Spent at London, being at Council in the morning. 

2. Sent for by Lady Peterborough : found her sad by 

her evil usage, and comforted her what I could : 
she told me all his unkindnesai^ but wished me to 
forbear speaking to him till she saw me again. 

3. Went to London in the morning and saw the Duke 

of York early, taking the libeity to discourse with 
him of what people talked of him and the Countess 
of Falmouth, commending the Countess of North- 
umberland to him for a wife, giving her her due 
praises, as I know none deserves more, having 
known her from her childhood. He thanked me, 
and said there was no ground for the reports of 
him, which he had heard from others, and told me 
all which had passed between him and the King, 


MS. ov lYbicb was presentlj after his wife's death, vis. 

LrrTELToir' that he left him free to himself, and that when be 

Ahtolbt. should move any one to him for a wife he would 

advise him as a friend ; in fine, he conmiended the 
Countess of Northumberland for a very fine ladj^ 
aod said if the King would have him many 
abroad he should choose for him, if at home he 
would chose a wife for himself; and I obEerved 
he was from this time very merry and pleasant 
whilst I stayed. 

I went then to my Lady Peterborough, whmn 
I found in the old manner very sad and weeping, 
my Lord not having been at home that night, 
and using her very ili and with threatenings when 
he last saw her; having for above a year and a 
half forsaken her bed and taking his pleasures 
elsewhere : he also encouraged child and servants 
against her, and bid the servants not answer her 
when she spoke to them, and said they should not 
value her a * chif ', but spit in her face if he bid them. 
She said she had no friend, and her heart was even 
broken with discontent ; she had borne long, bat 
now had no hopes and could not rest ; and she 
was ' bared ' and her memory gone, and could be a 
housekeeper no longer, which was all he used her 
for ; and that with harshness and rigour, never 
giving her a good word, but pawning all she had : 
and begged of me with tears, being his friend, to 
see what I could do, for else she would leave off 
all business, and go to her prayers for him. 1 
comforted her what 1 could, aad promised my 
assistance, though a tender business. 

I was the morning at Whitehall chapel, and spent 
the afternoon at Kensington in duties. 
4, Went to London with six horses in the morning, 
L*^ Lieu* of Ireland being to go his journey ; we 
parted very kindly. I did several business ; got 
ISir James Shaen made Secretary to the Commis- 
sion for the lands in Ireland, with the King's con- 
sent. Spoke with Lord Peterborough, who took it 
kindly, denying much his lady said, but taxing her 
of great unquiet ; but offering me to make me judge 
of all differences, and promising kindness if she 
would not disquiet him. I spoke with her also in 
the evening, who denied all, and said he cared not 
what he said, and that she had not seen him these 
four days. I moderated both what I could, and did 
the usual duties. Lyndon came to me in the 
evening, having been three days in town. 
6. Was all day at London. Perfected my counterpart 
to the Duke of York of the lands granted to me by 
him, viz., Bally sax, &c. Was at the Commission 
for Ireland, and at Council : did several other 
business, and the usual duties. 
8. Went to London early ; was at Council : did several 
business and the usual duties. This day S' — -^ 
— -- told me Lord Ashley had asked him yesterday 


before we met what lands I had gotten more than MS. ov 
I should by the settlement. He answered, I had lwmoh 
got 1700^^ a year less than I should. 

Captain told me he had the same day asked 

him what I meant that I and S' James Shaen had 
abused them in the Report concerning Ireland, 
and kept him in the dark ; but he would not be so 
used. God foi*give this false man and pretended 
friend I Lord S* John got me to go with him to 
the Com" of the Treasury this afternoon, endea- 
vours being used to get the King to break his 
contract for the Customs' farm ; I did my part 
as his trustee, yet persuaded them to fair things 
tow.ards the King. 

13. This day spent at London at Council, and seyeral 

business. Lord Ai-lington showed me a base 
trick, speaking to the King (when he was giving 
him direction to pass my warrant for 3000^ a year) 
to have me surrender my office first, which was 
never so much as mentioned before, but left as the 
security for my due payment, as appears by the 
draught of the warrant. I refused it, and told the 
King this was not Lord Arlington's first ill office 
to me ; neither can I do it for many reasons. I 
told several friends of this, who all justified me in 
it. I did the usual duties. 

14. Spent all day at London. Got Lord S^ John and the 

rest of the farmers to submit to the King, so they 
might be secured savers. Did several other 
business, and the usual duties. 

15. Spent at London at Council in the morning, at the 

Commission of Ireland after noon, and did other 
business ; particularly brought the late farmers to 
agi'ee for a security for their money very mode- 
rately, and carried it to the King ; and did the 
usual duties. 
Oct. 10. Spent this day at home. Lady Pesly and Ave or 
six other ladies, M' Lenthall, two M' Dunces Ac. 
dining, and divers of them supping here, and 
spending most of the day in jollity. I did the 
usual duties : the Lord pardon all amiss ! 

12. Spent the morning at home. The afternoon went to 

Oxford and found the waters very [_hiffh ?] ; 
therefore came home by Hedington and Islip. I 
did the usual duties. 

13. Wrote to son Thomson and his father by my daughter 

returning, but after she stayed till next day, and I 
went with her to se© Arthur, sending her coach 

14. Went at 8 in the morning with my daughter Thomson 

in my coach to Buckingham ; was there by eleven, 
where my grandchild Arthur Thomson met us 
after two. Having dined, I came back with my 
other daughters and M*^ Forbes in my coach, and 
they went to Haversham ; we were at Bletchington 
by five. Some of the usual duties I was forced to 
put off till next day. 


H8. OP 17. Spent this day at borne : M^ Holoway dined with 

^j^^^^' nie ; we had much discourse of the country, Ac. 

AvmLBT. He told me I was generally beloved, hut hy the 

clergy, who reported I carried D' Owen to 
. Windsor to the King in my coach ; a loud lie, 
though I • know, no hurt in it. I did several 
business, and the usual duties. 

21. Went to London and spent all day there, being at the 

Irish Commission after noon ; and did the usual 

22. Went to the chapel at Whitehall in the morning, 

D^ Tuliy preaching. I heard M' Agas after noon 
at Kensington, and did the usual duties. 

23. Was at London in the morning about business at 

the Insh Commission, <&c. Spent the afternoon in 
sorting papers, &c. at Kensington. 


Jan. 2. An extraordinary Council being summoned to I went 
out of my bed to it, and gave the King faithful 
counsel against his seizing men's moneys, &c. ; 
and so did most of the Council, but 'twas not 
followed. God amend these [beginnings] of evil ! 
I came home ill, and continued to keep my bed 
till Jan. 9^ the day before my son Arthur going to 
M' Hoblon's. 

21. In the morning heard D^ Stillingfleet at S^ Andrew's 

and M' Agas after noon, and did other duties of 
the day. 

22. The morning was at the Commission for Ireland and 

other business ; the afternoon visiting and business, 
and the usual duties. 

23. Was with the King in the morning in private ong, 
who was very kind and free, telling me al his 
designs against the Dutch and for liberty. I did 
several business, and some duties. 

24. Spent the morning at the Irish Commission: the 

afternoon . at Council ; and did some duties, and 
endeavoured to make peace in my family. 

25. The morning kept my son Annesley and Thomson 

from a quarrel, and was at the Court of Appeals. 
The afternoon at the Treasury about the Irish 
establishment ; and in the evening at M'^ Banke's 
funeral, where I heard D' Stillingfleet. At eight of 
the clock the King's playhouse took fire, and most 
of that side of Russell Street and many other houses 
thereabout were burnt down, and we in Drury 
Lane and all about in great danger ; but the Lord 
had mercy, and by great industry and blowing up 
houses the fire was overcome ; I had uo rest, but 
sat up almost all night, even till six in the morning. 
The Lord pardon sin, which brings judgements 1 

March 2. Continued very ill of the gout from Febr. 22 to 
Saturday. this day, though I went sometimes out; and par- 
ticularly Tuesday and Thursday last to the Beader, 
Sir Francis Goodrick, of Lincoln's Inns' feast, 
where the King, Duke of York, &c, were on 


Thursday ; and did duties As I could, being still xn^^air. 
very lame. 2ttv^tbfov 

7. The gout still continuing ; Jret I went to Council ^»^[^«y- 
yesterday, and to the Irish Commission the day 
before, aad abroad every day^ aiid did duties as I 

8, \ 

», 10, V 
11. J 

All this time ill in bed of the gout. 


13y > All these days ill in bed of the gout. 

14. J 

15. I was at Council, where I spoke my mind freely to 

the Declaration offered by the King for indul- 
gence ; observing the Papists are put thereby into 
a better and less jealoused state than the dissenting 
Protestants : see my notes. 

16. Ill in bed of the gout. 

17. Was at Council : spoke my miad to the Declaration 

against the Dutch, and proposed the last treaty 
might be observed in not seizing of merchants' 
goods, but giving time to withdraw if war were 
judged necessary, &c. 
and to >I11 in bed of the gout. 
April 6. J 

J^^ q' l^^^ ®^^^^ of the gout, but got up some days, though I 
y-. \/ I could not get abroad. 

12. I wrote to Lord S^ Alban's and Lord Arlington, 

though still ill of the gout. 

13. Loi*d Chamberlain came to me, and told me he and 

Lord Arlington had a good time with the King 
yesterday for me : that his Ma*y would give me 
the mastership of the HoUs, instead of my office of 
the Navy, if I would accept it, and clear all for 
time past. I said I was willing to serve and 
please the King his own way, and liked better to 
be among lawyers, as I was bred, than in any 
other course. 

21. In the morning heard D' Tillotson's excellent sermon 

at Whitehall against the Papists on l.Cor. 3. 15. ; 
After noon M' Agas at home, and did other duties 
of the day. 

22. Moved the King in the morning to have D' Tillotson's 

sermon printed which he said he liked ; but I had 
long dispute with the King which I will not 
mention, he giving no direction for the printing. 
The afternoon I was at the Irish Commission and 
Council Committees. 
May 29. Was the morning at church at Court. Afternoon 
spent most with the King, the news coming in the 
morning of the fleets engaging yesterday. 
80. More news came. I spent the morniQg in reading 
uid at Court. Dined with Lady I'eterborough ; 
was after noon at Cour^fr, and did some business 
and duties at home. 



Liettt.-Gbw. 31, The morning was at Council, and about my own 

AinrEBLBT. business at Court: the afternoon also at White- 

— hall; Sir John Trevor's funeral being in the 

June 22. This day I spent most at home in business, and 
sadness for my grandchild Franck's illness of the 
flock pox, this being about the 1 1*^ day ; and did 
23, After commending the sweet babe to God, I went 
to Lincoln's Inn to church about nine of the clock ; 
after I was gone she sweetly slept in the Lord. 
The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, 
blessed be the name of the Lord, who hath taken 
her from the evil to come ! The 28*^ of this 
month she would have been 17 months old, being 
born Jan. 28. 1670, about five in the evening. 
I heard M' Agas after noon. 
The child was buried at 10 of the clock at night 
in S* Martin's chancel. 

I did other duties ; wrote to my son, and com- 
forted my daughter. 
July 3. Spent the morning at Council ; the afternoon at the 
Earl of Sandwich his funeral, in gown and hood. 
Sandwich^ as one of the assistant eight Earls to the chief 

mourner the Earl of Manchester, and did duties. 
He was buried in Queen Elizabeth's aisle in Henry 
the Seventh's chapel. 

18. Went after business done at home to Lady Cran- 

borne's to Twickenham to dinner, and visited 
several friends coming home ; and did duties. 

19. Spent the morning at Council ; the afternoon at the 

Council of Plantations about the Duke of York's 
business : the rest at Marybone, and did duties. 

20. This morning I spent at home and at Court. The 

afternoon 1 went to see M' Lewis his school at 
Tottenham High Cross, and after vTTote letters and 
did duties. 

21. Was at Court in the morning and heard D' Cart- 

wright preach ; the afternoon M"^ Agas at home, 
and did the usual duties. 

22. This day went with the Earl of Essex to S* Alban's, 
Essex, Earl. and stayed there, sitting up with him and the 

ladies all night. 

23. Took leave of him in the morning : came home 

about 9 o'clock, and went to bed till about noon, 
sleeping, and then rose to dinner. After noon I 
did several business at home and abroad, and 
wrote to Lord Lieutenant of Ireland Lord Berkley 
in answer to his, and did duties. 

29. Spent the morning at Whitehall and at home, dining 

at Lord Devonshire's; Lord Burleigh's daughter 

being baptized by the name of Christian. I 

played part of the afternoon; did business the 

Dick rest, and duties ; and had letters of my son Bichard's 

chosen fellow. election at Magdalen College to a fellowship, the 



30. This being a stormy wet day, I spent most at home, , ^8. o» 
and wrote letters and did duties. Ltttbltoh" 

Aug. 4. Was the morning at Whitehall ; carried the sword, Ahitmlbt. 
and heard D' Barrow or Bar wick ; the afternoon 
heard M' Agas and did other duties. And in my 
great perplexity for want of 1200^ S"" St. Fox came 
himself to me, hearing I had sought for him, and 
freely lent it ; God's providence be magnified ! 
5. Spent the morning in receiving and paying this 
money to the chest, and directing Altham's journey 
to Prance with my daughter Thomson : the after- 
noon in other business for money, and did duties ; 
my son is bound with me for it. 
21. Went to dinner to Lord Berkley's at Durdans, and 
returned at night, 13 miles ; and did duties. 

Sept. 17. The morning spent with my sister and at Council ; 
the afternoon at home till about 5 o'clock, went to 
meet friends at Capt" Rosse's and stayed till ten : 
Lord pardon neglect of duties ! 

28. Spent the morning in business, and sitting for my 

picture : the afternoon writing letters, and did ^ 

29. Heard M"* Ijce of Hatfield the morning at Court ; 

no such great preacher as famed. M"^ Agas after- 
noon, and spent the rest of the day in duties. 

iB72, Oct. 1. Spent the morryng at Council, After Council the 

King told me he had directed my grant to pasfj, 

King's justice and expressed much kindness to me and confidence 

to me. in me. I thanked him for his justice, and said I 

hoped I should deserve new favours : I held the 
bason after at healing. This day Duke of Ormond 
being applied to for signing Capf* Rosse his Re- 
port for 1000^ a year quit rents, seeing my hand 
D. Ormond's to it and Lord S* Albans', asked Capt" Rosso what 
enmity. share we two had for signing. I have deserved 

better of him, but it seems his Lordship used to 
take bribes, that suspects me who never did, but 
have refused great ones. I corrected also this day 
his Grace's Beagle Vernon for reporting, which 
the Duke also spread even to the King's ear, that 
I would have bought Ruthorne's 3000 acres for 
myself, and because I was denied opposed his and 
Vernon's pretences. The King, who knew the 
falsehood as well as himself, called him lying 
knave, and ordered him to correct his order. 

24. Spent the morning at Whitehall ; then dined at 
Draper's Hall at the military company's feast, with 
the Duke of York And many of the nobility, &c. 
The evening spent at home, and did duties. 

Nov. l7. This morning the great seal, which was sent for last 

Earl Shaftsbury night from the Lord Keeper, was delivered to Lord 

Chancellor. Shaftsbuiy as Chancellor. I heard D"^ Alestree 

preach ; the afternoon I heard M' Agas, went to 
visit the sick Bishop of Chester, and the late Lord 
Keeper, and did duties. 

£ 64159. S 


MS. oj 18. This morning I spent at Whitehall and visits. After 

Ltttelton* I saw the Bishop dinner went to congratulate Lord Shaftslniry, and 

AyiTBBLBY, of Chester, and after mutual cxpostuhvtions of what was past, we 

took my last leave concluded in promises of friendship. I supped 
of him. with Lord Poor [Power] and officers. 

21. Spent this morning at home in business; dined at 

Lady [Dow.] Devonshire's ; the rest of the day in 
visits and duties. This day also Lord Duke of 
Ormond made great professions of friendship to 
me, and told me if any expressions or actions had 
proceeded from him which seemed contrary, he 
asked my pardon ; this being at Lady Devonshire's, 
where Lord Chancellor and much company dined, 
he said he would take another time to open him- 
self more fully to me, I was delivered from a 
continued slander. 

April 10. Spent the morning at home : the afternoon at the 

caveat against Lord Power's grant, and at home till 

eight of the clock that we went to Lord Astley's 

funeral, who was buried in S* Martin's church 

4 under the communion table. After return home, 

Lord Mohun moved me with great civility and 
expression of kindness for a match with my 
l^hil. daughter Philips, wherein I gave him fair recep- 

tion. I did duties after. 

IL The morning I spent with the King and at Council, 
His Msi^y was very kind to me ; and told me in 
the room within his bed-chamber, being in private 
with him, that he had resolved to make me Privy 
Seal ; and I assured him I would make use of his 
favour to do him the better service. My Lord 
Mohun continued his addresses with more civility, 
desiring only my daughter, and leaving all things 
else to my self, whether I gave anything or 
nothing. I did the usual duties. 

2L Found that some had been undermining me with 
the King, and shaken him so far as that he told 
my Lord Arlington that it was not reasonable I 
should have my 3006^ pension and the privy seal 
both : which being acquainted with, I went to his 
Ma^y before supper, and upon reasoning matters 
with him set ail right and disappointed my 
enemies, and his Ma^^ bid me come next morning, 
and I should have the privy seal. I did duties, 
and secured the assistance of friends. 

22. This morning I attended the King^ who before he 
Privy Seal. went to Sheerness delivered me the privy seal in 

the purse, with great expression of his value of 
my services and trust in me, and that he was 
resolved of further instances thereof. I kissed his 
hands, and after congratulations by his Boyal 
Highness and the generality of the Lords and 
others, returned home with it, store of company 
dining with me. The afternoon sat in Chancery, 
and did duties. 


23, Spent this day at home in business, and receiving MS. op 
Lord Marshal and the congi-atulations of the Lord Treasurer, the LtoejSoh' 

Sons ; S"^ Cha. Marquis of Worcester, Lord Halifax, Chancellor -Ajtitmiht. 
Cotrel : the Clerks of the Exchequer, Lord Devonshire, Lord Salis- 
also of the Privy bury and multitude of others ; and did duties. 

24. This day many more of all sorts came to congratulate 
Earl of Berkshire, me. I went at noon to my Lord Chancellor's in 

&c. my gown with the seal and took the oaths of alle- 

giance and supremacy and the oath of Privy Seal ; 
the Earls of Craven and Carbery, Lord Mohun, 
Lord le Power, S' Edward Sydenham, the Clerk 
of the Crown, M"^ Agar and several of my own 
servants and others being present ; and dined there, 
though it was n\y wedding day and much company 
at home, to whom I returned as soon as I could ; 
and made Devereux Browne my steward, and did 
several business and duties. The Swedish resident 
visited, as that of Genoa did yesterday. 

26. This morning S' Franc. Goodrick, M' Day, S' Nic. 
Pediey and M' Thomas Manly, Benchers of 
Lincoln's Inn, came, being sent by the Society to 
congratulate my being Loixi Privy Seal, and 
desiring leave to put up my arms in their hall 
window by the Lord Chief Justice Fortescue. 
Lord and Countess Dowager of Kent, Lady Prat 
and many others came to congratulate also, and S'^ 
Liolin (Leoline) Jenkins, Lord Burlington, M^ 
Waler, M" Middleton, Lady Harvy, &c. This 
morning I first sealed seven privy seals ; see the 
dockets. I made visits, did several business and 

29. Spent the morning most abroad. The rest of the 
time the Master of the Bolls, Duchess of Somerset, 
Col. Fitzpatrick, S' Andr. Henly, Danish Resident 
and many others came to congratulate me, and I 
did several business and duties. 

May 20. This morning about ten of the clock at Lambeth, 
the Archbishop of Canterbury married my grand- 
son John Power, not eight year old, to M" 
Katherine Fitzgerald, his cousin german, about 13 
year of age. 1 gave her in the chapel there, and 
they answered as well as those of greater age. The 
wedding dinner and supper I gave them, and the 
rest of the day and till 12 at night was spent in 
dancing, &c.. and they lay in my house. I did 
duties, and commended them to God's blessing. 

June 16. Spent the morning with Lord Treasurer and in 
visits and business. The afternoon at home, sealing 
and other business, and Lord Ranelagh came to 
me, and told me he and Duke of Bucks, &o. 
having dined together^ they had discourse of me, 
and that the Duke expressed great kindness to me, 
and said he would make S*^ Tho. Osborne and me 
good friends. Lord Treasurer Clifford had said 

S 2 


MS. ojf before to niu lie woiilil appoint a time to do the 

Ltttbltoit* same before he gave up the white staff, it being for 

AvHBsurr. ^]^q King's service wo should agree well. I did 

duties also. 

21. Went this day to Rislip tx) see Lord Chandos his 
house and Lord ! it is a pitiful place. Came home 
at night, and did duties. 

Sept. 20, 1673. The morning was at the Admiralty Commission, and 

thence at our desire met with the King at Lord 
Arlington's, iindinsf that our cables and anchors 
were like to be to our disfurnishment lent to the 
French to supply their great loss by the late storms ; 
yet we did all we could for them out of the Dutch 
prizes, &c. The afternoon did business at home, 
Richmond Duke, and at six went to Duke of Richmond's funeral 

in Henry the Seventh's chapel, having mourning 
for gown, hood and clothes sent to me. I did usual 

Oct. 27. The morning spent in Parliament. After dinner my 
wife fell into such a Bedlam railing humour because 
Mr Heather came to tell me (when I had forbid 
pantaloons for Dick) that she had ordered him to 
make them, that I was never so abused in my life, 
and this M'* Gache and others by, and all my 
daughters ; which put me in a resolution to bring 
her to better terms, than to be counted a [cipher]. 
I spent the afternoon at Tangier and Admiralty 
Commission, and at home sealing, and did duties ; 
referring my cause to God, who changes hearts. 

Nov. 10, 1673. This morning I spent at S* James', and at the 

Admiralty Commission : the afternoon at Court 
and at home, and did business and duties. 

26 This morning I spent at home in business and sealed. 

Duchess of York. The afternoon I went to see the Duchess of York, 

but could not. The rest till nine spent at the Ad- 
miralty, where the words of a cheat upon the King 
by the new grant of victualling passed from the 

Lord Treasurer Lord Treasurer, which S' Tho. Littleton resented 
and it with the words **no more cheat than he that 

S"* Tho. Littleton . said it " ; the Treasurer replied he would deal with 

him elsewhere, that he was a cheat or knave, and 
he would prove it : some of us went and ac- 
quainted the King, and with the proposal of the 
victuallers for continuing a while longer. I did 
the usual duties. 

27. This morning I spent at home ; the afternoon went 
M'« Thomson to good M" EUena Thomson my sister-in-law's 

funeral, and saw her laid in the vault at Cree 
church in London. I did other duties. 

March 27, 1674. The morning heard the sermon at Court: the after- 

noon was at Council, and did other business and 
duties ; sealed in the morning also, and was at 
Tangier Commission. After Council Lord Arling- 


ton, upon my passing Lord Rochester's grant by MS. oi 
the King's command, said, before Lord Keeper Ltttbltok 
and many more, that I understood not the duty Afitmlit. 
of my place ; that he never looked for better from 
me, that by God I served everybody so, and would 
do so to the end of the chapter. 

29. The morning heard the Bishop of Chester at White- 
hall, after I had been with the King telling him 
of Lord Arlington's usage on the 27^\ not as 
complaining, which I told his Ma*^ I had never 
(lone in 14 years' service of any my fellow ser- 
vants, but as a l)u.siness his Ma*^^ was most con- 
cerned in : his Ma*y said he had done insolently, 
and should hear of it. The afternoon heard M' 
Squib at home, and did other duties. 

July 13. Spent this day at London in several business, and in 

the afternoon D'^ Tillotson, Dean of Canterbury, 

Grandson. baptized my son Annesley's boy James; my wife 

godmother. Lord Roos and Lord Montague god- 
fathers, by deputy. I did duties also. 

Aug. 4. This day I spent at homo, D' Drope, M' Browne, 
M^ Smith and M^ Bayly of Magdalen College 
coming all to me before dinner, and other friends : 
they four stayed all night. I did duties. 

Sept. 10. Spent much of this day in examining the robbery 
committed on Capt^ Robert Thornhill last night, 
and sent Hugh Parry to Newgate. The after- 
noon went to London to find out the rest of the 
thieves, and wrote to S' W°» Turner about them. 
Stayed all night at my house in Drury Lane, and 
did duties. 

n. At my lodgings in Whitehall examined John 
Griffith another of the robbers, and Andrew 
Daber the butcher; was at Council, and did 
several business and duties. Lord Arlington was 
made Lord Chamberlain ; S'^ Joseph Williamson 
Secretary and sworn Councillor. I stayed in town 
and did duties. 

13. After night shut I went to my daughter Mohun, she 
and her husband being desperately out again. I 
cannot but blame both, but her most being my 
ungracious daughter and breaking all my advices 
and carrying herself irreligiously. Among other 
expressions she said she would be a common 
whore before she would submit to her husband's 
will in what I thought fit ; if she had not been 
married I had beat her, I did call her " impudent 
baggage," and said she carried herself like a 
whore, and left her with resolution to see her no 
more. This was after her husband had sworn 
never to strike her nor give her ill words. 

Dec. 2. Spent most of the day in reconciling my daughter 
Mohun and her husband, and supt with them and 
left them in bed. 


Libut.-Gek. The diary ends with Oct. 2, 1675, the entries in 1675 being of 

iS^MLET^ similar character with preceding ones, and of little interest. Another 

— : ' manuscript volume is in existence which contains the continuation of 

Lord Anglesey's diary down to 1684, but this in some way passed out 

of the hands of the tamily and is now among the manuscripts in the 

British Museum, for which department it was purchased in 1861. 

J. J. Cartwright. 




Aagen upon Garonne, 20G. 
Abbeville, 50. 
Abdy : 

Sir John, of Essex, 44. 

Lady, 44. 
Abingdon : 

(James Bertie, Ist) Earl of, 248. 

(Montagu Bertie, 2nd) Earl of, 
Abiugton, Lady, (1691), her death, 248. 

Abselys, 61. 

Acland, SirH., 40, 41. 
Acts of Parliament : 

Statute of apparel, 257. 

Bill againf t selling of offices, 45. 

disbanding army, 5. 

to dissolve the county palatine of 
Lancaster, (proposed in 1695), 

Paper Act, 34. 

Sacrament and Oath, 6, 7. 

for the better security of the King's 
person, 40. 

of settlement, 39. 

of sewers, 244, 245. 

succession (1 George I.), 185. 
Adam, Thos., 253. 
Adamson : 

— , 155, 156, 158. 

George, of Colthouse, 182. 

Martin, of Colthouse, 182. 

John, of Swinton, 185. 
Adderley, Captain, 124. 
Admiral : 

Lord, 257. 

Lord High. See Clinton. 
Admiralty : 

the, 32. 

commission, the, 276. 

Lords Commissioners of the, 192, 

193, 195, 196. 

letters from, 193, 194, 195, 

Office, letters dated at, 192, 193, 

194, 195, 196. 

Aersens, J., letter signed by, 226. 

Act', William, son of, 204. 

African Company, the, 262. 

Agas, Agar, Mr., 261, 262, 263, 264, 266, 

270,271,272,273, 275. 
Aires, 95. 
Ailbriet, 205. 

Robert, son of, 205. 
Aistrebi, Alan de, 204. 
Aix la Chapelle, letter dated at, 199. 

Alauson, — , 116. 

Albany, — , letters from, 105, 106, 109. 

Albemarle : 

General George Monk, afterwards 
Duke of, 5. 

letters from, 3, 4, 5. 

his regiment of horse, 8. 

Christopher Monk, Duke of, 19, 20. 
(Elizabeth, Duchess of), 187. 
Albert, 56. 
Albi, 104. 

Alcaid, the. See under Tangiere. 
Alcock, James, of Dowuholme, 180. 
Alden, Mr., 48. 
Alehouses, 2, 3. 
Alestree, Dr., 273. 
Alford, Walter de, 204. 
Algiers : 

(Argeir), 11, 12. 
captives in, 11, 17. 
Alicant, 35. 

Alin, Richard, letter to, 236. 
Allcock, Mr., an attorney, 168. 
Allegiance, Oath of. See Oath. 
Allen : 

John, of Latons, 181. 
George, of Leyburn, 180. 
James, of Leyburn, 180. 
Aller : 

James, of Thornton Steward, 180. 
William, of East Witton, 180. 
Allertonshire Wapentake, co. York, 179. 
AUyson, William, of Yarm, 183. 
Alnwick, election at, 187. 
Alps, the, 34. 
Alsace (Alsatia), 57, 81. 
Altea Bay, 35. 
Altham, — , 273. 
Althorpe, freehoidei9 of, 253. 
Altieri, Cardinal, 74, 102, 103, 104. 
Amant : 

Monsieur d*. Chancellor of Brabant 
and President of Inlanders, letter 
to, 232. 

his brother Leonardo, letter 

from, 232. 
Ambassador, 77. 

from the Emperor. See Prenestain , 

Don Felipe, 
the English Ambassadors, 206. 
English in France, 53, 72, 74, 75, 
79, 84, 89, 96. 

Secretary of, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76. 

82, 83, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 91. 
English, in Holland, 84. 

to the Emperor of Morocco. 

See Delaval, Captain George. 
French, 11, 177, 208. 


Ambassador — cont. 

French, in Denmark. See Dauzay. 
Dan sick. 

to England, 76, 82, 89, 94. 

confessor of, 92. 

: secretary of, 89. 

at Nimeguen, 95. 

of Tortugal, 66, 75. 

Spanish, 16, 76. 

of the United Provinces, 233. 
America, Portuguese dominions in, 191. 
Amersfoort, 288, 235. 
Amersham, 18, 19. 
Amsterdam : 

letter dated at, 225. 

Bank of, 41. 
Anacastro, Nicholas, son of Godric de, 

Ancaster, 200. 

(Robert Bertie, 1st) Duke of, 
articles belonging to, 255. 

(Peregrine Bertie, 2ud) Duke of, 
255, 256. 

Duchess of, (1725), her diamonds, 

(Peregrine Bertie, 3rd), Duke of, 

Duke of, portrait of, (in 1726), 256. 
Ancient Deeds. See Deeds. 
Anderson, William, 253. 
Anderton's paper, 33. 
Andros, Sir Edmund, 1 60. 
Anglesey (Arthur Annesley, Ist) Earl of : 

his wife, 266, 276, 277. 

his daughter Anne, 266. 

his son Annesley, 266, 267, 270. 

his daughter Annesley, 267. 

his grandson Frank Annesley, 267. 

his grandson James Annesley, 277. 

his son Arthur, 264, 269, 270. 

his two brother Ash fields, 264. 

his cousin Borlase, 266. 

his grandchild Franck, 272. 

his brother John, 265. 

his daughter Philips. See Mohun, 

his son Power, 264, 265. 

his grandson John Power, 264, 275. 

his son Kichard, 272. 

his son Thomson, 266, 269, 270. 

his daughter Thomson, 267, 269, 

his grandson Arthur Thomson, 269. 

his sister, 273. 

his steward. See Browne, 

Anne, Queen : 

as Princess, 19, 100. 

as Queen, 190, 191, 192, 193, 199, 

letter from, 192. 

Annesley. See undej^ Anglesey. 
Antonio, Don, 208. 

Antwerp, 53, 73, 75, 88, 90, 94, 208, 209, 
214, 215, 217, 222, 236. 

letters dated at, 209, 211, 215. 

the merchants of, 7?, 76, 76, 81, 89, 
01 94, 95, 96, 97, 98. 

Apethorpe, 244, 245. 
Apleby, Mark, of OvingtOD, 181. 
Appeals, Court of, 270. 
Appleby, 34, 171. 

Gabriel, of Dalton, 181. 
Appleton, William, of Newsham, 180. 
Argeir. See Algiers. 
Argyleshire Highlanders, the, 177, 17H. 
Arlington : 

(Henry Bennet), Lord, 61, 52, 55, 
56, 64, 66, 68, 69, (Lord Ar.), 264, 
265, 266, 269, 271, 274, 276, 277. 
Lady, 6. 
Armagh, 103. 

Hugh, Bishop of, letter from, 197. 
Armitage, Mr., 171. 
Armstrong, Sir Thomas, 21. 
Aruifree fen common, co. Line, 244. 
Army : 

the, 5, 161, 164, 166, 168, 169, 170, 

171, 172, 173,174, 175,176,178, 

206, 239. See also Begimeuts. 

Soldiers. Infantry. 

Act disbanding the. SeeunderAaiS' 

in Flanders, 9, 10, 41. 

Adjutant-General of. See 

supply of horses for the, 230, 231. 
Lord General of. See Essex, 
Bobert Devereux, 2nd Karl of. 
Arnheim, 227, 231. 

letter dated at, 227. 
Arnold, Jno., 253. 

Mr., 18, 19. 
Arsiot, Mr., 41. 
Arthur : 

Daniel, 16, 71, 138. 

father, an Irish priest, 127| 128, 

Mr., 108. 
Artillery, the, 161, 162, 165, 167, 173, 

Arundel, 13. 
Arundel, Lord, (1561), 268. 

of Wardour, (1675-1679), 

100, 104, 106, 113, 114, 117, 122, 
123, 124, 125, 128, 131, 139, 140, 
154, 155, 156, 157, 158. 
his butler, X57* 

or Spenser, Henry, 118, 114, 

Mr., 26. 

his brother, 26. 

Ashbourn, co. Stafford, 163, 164, 165, 

Ashburton, 7. 
Ashby : 

Mr., 150. 

Kichard. See Thimbleby. 
Ashe : 

William, 13. 

his brother, 13. 

Ashelye, Mistress, 257, 258. 
Ashfield. See under Anglesey. 
Ashley, (Anthony, Ist) Lord, 6, 263, 

264, 265, 267, 268. 
Aske, the river, 170, 
Askeby, 205. 


Assizes, the, 34. 
Association, the, 88, 39, 41. 
Astley ; 

Lord, (1672;, his funeral, 274. 
R., letter from, 200. 

her sister. See Delaval, Mrs. 

Sir Richard, 267. 
Aston, 131. 

(Walter, 3rd) Lord, of Tixall, 14, 
15, 16, 118, 120, 121, 122, 127, 
128, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 
Francis, 128. 
Herbert, 123, 137. 
Astrop, 44. 
Atkinson : 

James, of Bransby in Stearsbj, 184. 

Mr., 259. 

Robert, of Hutton, 181. 

of Ugthorpe, 182. 

Atrech, Monsieur dell*. Secretary to the 

Duke of Savoy, letter from, 209. 
Attorney General, the, 16, 24, 32,44, 45, 
114, 159, 264. See also Treby, Sir 
Attur, Mr., 45. 
Augustine Friars, the, 16. 
Aullier, Michael, letter from, 211. 
Avon, the river, (Scotland), 177. 
Axel, 222. 

letter dated at, 218. 
Ayalu, — D', 238. 
Aylmer, Admiral Matthew, letter from, 

Aynho, letter dated at, 245. 
Ayre, Mr. Justice, 29. 
Ay reps, Mr., priest of Hassop, 125. 
Ayry, — , 158. 
Aysina : 

— , a messenger from Queen Bliza* 

beth, 2S2. 
Hessel, President of the Council of 
Friesland, 231. 

letter to, 227. 

letter from, 227. 


B., G., letter from, 148. 

Babergh, Hundred of, musters in, 256. 

Backwell, — , 18. 

Bacun, William, 204. 

Bahia, 192. 


Mr., 263. 

Rear- Admiral, 192. 
Bake well, 165. 
Bales, burgomaster of. See Sneyers, 

Ball, Michael, 148. 

deposition of, (Popish plot), 147. 
Balle, Captain John, letters from, 245. 
Ballysax, 268. 

Balsh, Sir Edward, letter from, 34. 
Baltic Sea, the, 195, 196i 

Baltimore, Lord, 189, 157. 
Bamber, — , a tailor, 158. 
Banke, Mrs., her fimeral, 270. 
Bankes, Lang, 254. ^ 

Bannister, Richard, 116. 
Barbarin, Cardinal, 100, 101, 102. 
Barbarj, 189. 

Barden', Walter, chaplain of, 204. 
Bardesius, William, letter from, 225. 
Barker : 

Mr., 9. ^t^' 

George, of Egton, 183. 

Peter, of Kuagton, 179. 
Barkley. See Berkeley. 
Barlement, Mr. dc, 57. 
Barnard : 

Captain, a Frenchman, 220. 

Mons. See Bernard, Mr. 
Bamingham of Arkengarthdale : 

Anthony, 181. 

Christopher, 181. 

junior, 181. 

James, senior, 181. 

junior, 181. 

John, 181. 

junior, 181. 

Joseph, 181. 

Luke, 181. 
Barnsley, 172. 
Barret, Captain, 145. 
Barrow or Barwick, Dr., 273. 
Barrowstonners. See Borrowstounness. 
Barry. See Berry. 
Bartley, Lord. See Berkeley, Lord. 
Barton, William, of Egton, 182. 
Barwick : 

See Berwick. 

Dr. See Barrow. 
Bassett, William, 258. 
Bastile, the. See Ptris. 
Batadonne, (Cardinal), 104. 
Bates, Robert, letter from, 163. 

Earl of, 38, 41, 144. 

and Wells, Bishop of, 29. 
Bawtry, 165. 

letter dated at, 167. 
Bax : 

Colonel J., 219. 

letter from, 213. 

Captain John, letter to, 223. 

Captain Marsilius, letter to, 223. 

Captain Paul, letters from, 223. 

letter to, 223. 

Baxter, John, 254. 
liayly, Mr., (1674), 277. 

(1739), 197. 

Beach, Dr., 29. 
Beal, 161. 
Beane of Egton : 

Matthew, 183. 

William, senior, 182. 

■ junior, 182. 

Bearo and Bantry, quitrent of, 265. 
Beaumont, Henry de. See Buchan and 

Murrey, Earl of. 
Beauvois, Madame de, 21U 
Becke, Thomas, 253. 


Bedford : 

Lord, (1«93), 34. 
Duchess of, (1753), 202. 
Bedfordshire, 12. 

Be^Dgfeild, Bennifeild, Sir Henry, of 
Oxhorough Hall, co. Norfolk, 1 57, 158. 
Bedingfield, Benefeild, BeDnifield, 
Benningfeild, Mr., 77, 82, 84, 1 18, 123, 
124, 126, 127, 128, 129, ISO, 131, 135, 

Bedlow, — , 12, 20, 22, 114, 115, 

■ — , his information, (Popish 
Plot), 138. 
— , his mother, 121. 
— , his wife, 82. 

Belar, Ubreto, 211. 

Belesteme, Thomas d*", 204. 

Belfount, Bellesfond, Marshall, grand 
steward to Louis XIV., 23, 142, 143. 


John, of St, Mary Gate, 184. 
Matthew, of Wensley, 180. 
Richard, of High Worsall, 179. 
Thomas, of Appleton, 184. 

of Pickton, 184. 

William, of Girsby, 179. 
Bellairs, Sir Henry, 187. 
Bellasis : 

Bellassise, Bellases, Lord, (1676- 
1679), 15, 75, 77, 93, 117, 123, 
124, 131, 139, 140, 144, 156, 157, 
Richard, 190. 
Belleaud, Beleard, 257, 259. 

John, letter from, 209. 
— his son Luke, bibliopole, of 
Antwerp, 209 bis, 
Belvoir, 266, 267. 
Belwood, Edward, of Bransby in Stearsby, 

Benedictines, the, 16, 102, 103, 142. 
Benefeild, Bennifield, Benningfield, Mr. 

See Bedingiield, Mr. 
Benet, Gilbert, 253. 
Bennett, Mr., 125. 
Bennifeild, Sir Henry. See Bedingftild, 

Sir Henry. 
Bere, John, 28. 
Beresford, Edward, 254. 
Bergen-op-Zoom, 210, 212,213, 215,217, 
219, 221, 223, 228, 230, 232, 233, 235, 
236, 287, 238, 239, 240. 

letters dated at, 210, 212, 213, 214, 

216, 217, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 

226, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 237, 


commissary of supplies at, 234, 

" Drossart " of. See Leon, Elias 

the fort called the New Sconce at, 

the North Fort at, 239, 240. 
fortifications of, 215. 

Bergen op-Zoom — cotit. 

Governor of See Willoiighby, 
Peregrine Bertie, Lord. Wingfield, 
Sir John. Read, Sir William, 
Drury, Sir William. Morgan, 
ill-bred young people at, 209. 
Lieutenant Governor of, 224. 
the magistrates of, letters from, 212. 

^^'letters to, 230, 240. 

prisoners at, 209, 211, 215, 240. 
a provost marshal of, 216. 
a sergeant of, 215. 
the sergeant-major of| letter to, 212. 
Beridge : 

Bas., 254. 
Charles, 254. 
Berkeley, Barklcy, Bartley, Lord, of 
Berkeley, Lord Lieut, of Ireland, 20, 
34, 55, 65, 74, 89, 247, 265, 268, 272, 
Berkshire, Karl of, (1672), 275. 
Berkshire election, the, 9. 
Berlin, 201. 

Bernard ; 

Fra., 254. 

Barnard, Mr., 54. 56, 60. 

Berry : 

(Barry), —, 12, 13,115. 
Sir John, letter from, 24. 
Mark, of Forcett, 181. 
Mr., 46. 

the Honourable Albemarle, 255, 

Charles, 13, 251.- 

letter from, 262. 

Lady Rleanora, portrait of, 256. 

Harry, 13. 

Lady Mary, (c. 1580), letter to, 207. 

her brother, 207. 

(1775), 254. 

Peregrine. See under Willoughby. 
Sir Peregrine (1640), letter from 

Peregrine, 13. 
(c. 1691-1694), letters from, 

248, 249, 250. 
letter to, 249. 

Philip, 249, 250. 

Richard, (c. 1572), his title to tha 
style of Lord Willoughby of 
Willoughby and Eresby, 207. 

household accounts of, 266- 


his wife. See Suffolk, 

Katherine, Duchess of. 
Thomas (1550^, of Berested, arms 

of, 206. 
Vere, (1745), 253. 
See ^ also Abingdon. Ancaster. 

Lindsey. Willoughby. 

Berwick (Barwick) upon Tweed, 160, 
letters dated at, 166, 245. 
election at, 187. 
garrison at, 245. 

Berwick — ami. 

GoTernonhip of, S4>, 344. 

the M>;oi of, 245. 
Heiwict Rober(,o(Forcett, 181. 
betuiDfon, I8G. 
Betts, John, UB. 
KdefoTd, 47. 

Billam, Johtl, lelter from, 165. 
Birdlorlli Wspenlike, co. York, 179. 
Itiron, Monsieur dc, SQG, 
Biicaya, 211. 
Biihop AuckJaud, 17S. 

leller dnied Bt, 173. 
Biehopi ; 

the, 37. 

votes of the, 23, 
ijislioplhorp, Bitcopthorp, SOS. 

letter dated at, 44. 
Blatkelt, arEdivBrd, 187. 
HI nek heath, 4. 

Ulick Bod, the. Set •tufir Lord*. 
IllnesdQD, Mr., en spothecarj', IS3. 
Blaids, Dorothy, of BaJnbridge, 179. 
Jllake : 

— . 187. 

Emanuel, letters froiu, 187. 

Sir F., letter from, 167. 

Francia aflerivards Sir Franeis, 
letlers fi'oni, 189. 

letters to, 18T, 191. 

' bis dauj^hter Eleanor, 187. 

hia daughtera DoIbIoh sod 

Kenned J, 19Q. 

bis ^oghter Mitford, 191. 

- — his daughter Trevanion. Set 

h» dnughtor Mn. Edward 
Delava). See under Delaial. 

Nugent, 191. 

Robert, letter from, 191. 
Blakenej, General, 1T7. 

— , his regiment of dra^oonn, 16C, 
171, 172, 173. 

John, 253. 
fleakluBon, Peter, of Lejbum, 190. 
Bletchington, 2G'J. 366, 267, 269. 
Blith. See Blylh. 
Blofeld, Thomas, Alderman, letter from, 

BInndell, Mr., 117. 
Blunt, Captain, 229, 

Blyth, CO. Notts, letters dated at, 1 62, 1 65. 
Boutman, Jerome. See Boteman. 
BoerkholC, William de, 234. 
Boldroii, Ueorj, nf LatODS, 181. 
Boliogbroke : 

BiiUingbrooke, the honor of (co. 
Line). 245. 

jjarson of tlie church of. See 
Kirkby, Robert de. 
Ballon : 

letter dated al, 175. 

Duke of, (1694), lelter from, S6 

James, 954. 
Bon (? Bonn), 237. 
Bond, John, 130, Kl, 


The Vroiiadts, 84. 

De forma verae reliyionii et iiumtt, 

. . ., 110. 
Glanville's, against dogioatiiilig, 

kiitorj of the government of Venice, 

Ilu TriumpS, of Some over 

diipericd Prolettanei/, S63. 
■a Shoi-t Hillary of Ike ConveHtioa 
or new chtiitened Fartiament, 
158, ISS. 
the Unreaaoiiablenem of lAe 
RomanUU, 363. 
Uoolh. Mr., 48, 149. 
Bordeaux, 69. 
Bore, Mr., 168. 
Boris, MoDsieur, 235. 
Boroughbridge, 172, 175. 
BorroirstoDnnetii, Barroirstonnen, 177. 
BoBcobe!, 119, 122, 123, 188, 130, 186. 
Boteman, Boatman, Jerome, 68, 69, 75, 
91,93, 113, 

letter to, 66. 

examination of, (Popiih plot), 

HoiLi'hain. 84, 85, 86. 
Bouoherett, M., 9.13. 
lloullOD, George, 354. 
Bourgh, Caplaiu, 69, 107. 

Anthony, SO. 

Thomas, of Lantlow, 34. 

B.>irDrd, iUl' Guilla of St. Pelei, St. 
John, the Trinity and St. Cbriitopher 

Boyle, Hr„ 35. 
J!ov6. Mr., 134. 
llrubant, 91,234,335. 

Chaucellor of. Set Amant, 
Monsienr A'. 

the Deputtes (Representatives) 
from ti>e Stales of, lelten frxim, 
Bntckenbnry : 

Carr, 254. 

Joseph, 35. 
Bradbury, George, letters kvat, !0, 84, 

Bradley : 

/— , 118, 155. 

Heorj, 253. 
BradshaiT ; 

Mr., 155, 1S6. 

Mrs,, 56. 

castle of, 333. 

councillor, 335. 
Bmncnte, 134. 
Brandon, Lord Chaises, 235. 
Brattle, — . See under Mint. 
Braril, 191, 243. 

Fleet. See vttder Portugal. 
Brebion, — , 67-. 


Brecht, the village of, 209, 210. 
Breda, 67, 237, 238. 

ktter dated at, 237. 
Breman, Major, 13. 
Brent : 

manor of, 17. 

William, 114. 
Brest, 28, 32, 248. 
Brett, Johu, 149. 
Briament, — , 92. 
Bridgwater, Lord, (1679), 12. 
BridlingtoQ, prior and convent of, grant 

to, 205. 
Bridlook, Dr., Dean of Salisbury, 2G5. 
Briggs, Bichard, of Upsall, 179. 
Brinvilliers, Madame, 91, 92, 95. 

execution of, 93. 

Brissac, Brisack, 53, 61. 
Bristol, 22, 121, 141. 

letter dated at, 199. 

gaol delivery at, 26. 

mayor and aldermen of, 26. 

merchant adventurers of, 187. 

Recorder of. See Pawlett, William. 
Bristol, £arl of, (1623), 244. 
Brittany, 141. 

Broadstreet, — , a priest, 122, 123, 124. 
Brodbank, Mistress, 257. 
Brodrick, the Hon. St. Johu, 197. 
Broglins, Count of, 61. 
Bromhead, Benjamin, 253. 
Brontnay, Mrs., 147. 
Broomfield near Bridgwater, 26. 
Brough : 

letter dated at, 171. 

postmaster of, letter to, 162. 
Brougham, I7l» 
Brown ; 

George, mayor of Lincoln, 253. 

ofMiddleham, 180. 

Mr., 199. 

Thomas, 253. 

Browne : 

Devereux, 275. 
Henry, 254. 
Judge, 258. 
Mr., 277. 

clerk of the Parliament, 11. 

T., letter from, 148. 

Broxup, Edwin, 31. 
Bruce, Lord, (1679), 12. 
Bruges, 208. 

Brugham, Sir Richard, 217, 218. 

Bruhl, Count, 199. 

Brune, Mr. le, 62. 


Ellas de, 204. 
Ralph de, 205. 

Brussels, 9, 16, 19, 102, 113, 18^ 211, 
221, 222. 

letters dated at, 105, 106, 232. 

Buccleugh, Duke of, (1745), 160. 

Buchan and Murrey, (Boghane and 
Murref), Henry de Beaumont, Earl of, 
and constable of Scotland, 205. 

Buck, Sir John, 242, 243; 

Buckingham, 13, 20, 269. 

George ViUiers, Duke of, 9, 10, 13, 
22, 99, 114, 155, 158, 263, 266, 
267, 275. 

Duke of, (? date), 256. 
Buckland, letter dated at, 33. 
Bucknal, 6. 
Buckworth : 

Evd., 253. 

Mr., 6. 
Buisliere, John, 253. 
Bullingbrooke. See Bolingbroke. 
Eulmer Wapentake, co. York, 184, 185. 
Bulstrode, — ,261. 

Burchett, J., letters from, 192, 193, 195. 
Burden, Mr., 173. 
Burgamhoult, 214. 
Burgayme, Lord, (1562), 268. 
Burgess, Richard, of Barrohy, 179. 
Burgh, Sir John, 241. 
Burghley, (WUliam), Lord, 207. 
Burlington, Lord, (1672), 275, 
Bum, Mr., of Orton, 171. 
Burne, William, of Stokesley, 183. 
Burnet, Gilbert. See Salisbury, Bishop of. 
Burrow, Ix)rd, {temp, Charles II.), 247. 
Burton : 

? county, 113. 

CO. Westmoreland, 176. 
Bury, CO. Lane, 169. 
Bury, Dr. D., 36. 
Busby, Mr., 115, 145, 146, 147. 
Busliby, procurator, 150. 
Bussey, John, of Knagton, 179. 
Butler : 

— ,7. 

James, 116. 

Feirce, 116. 
Butterwood, R., 254. 
Buys, Paul, letter from, 225. 
Byfleet, Mr., 156, 157. 
By ford, John, of Stoke, co. Suffolk, 

information of, (Popish plot), 152. 
Byng, Sir George, letters from, 192, 193, 

By ram, letter dated at, 162. 
Byrne, — , 130. 
Byron, Lord, (1745), 175. 


Caballers, the, 103. 
Cabinet : 

the, 32, 33. 

Council, the, 30, 201. 
Cadinot, John, servant of Henry and 

Isabella de Vesey, 205. 
Cadiz, 190. 

letters dated at, 189. 

Bay, 188. 
Caetmehor, 255. 
Calais (Callis), 14. 

letter dated at, 112. 
Caledonian Mercury, the, 160. 
Calempthout, Callempthowt, 9lf i 


Calmadj, Mr., 40. 
Calvert, John, of Hilton, 184. 
Canibray, 88, 91, 92. 
Cambridge, 41. 

Assizes, 41. 

Unireraity, the Provost of, 256. 

St. John's College, 14. 
Cameron of Lochiel, his brother, 177. 
Camfield, — , his regiment of horse, 210. 
Campbell, Lieut.-Col., 177. 
Cann, Mr., 101. 
Canterbury : 

letters dated at, 4. 

Archbishop of, (1672), 275. 

(Thomas) Tenison, Archbishop^ of, 
41, 189. 

letter from, 40. 

Dean of. See Tillotson, Dr. 
Capell : 

Sir Henry, 80, 117. 

Lady Katherioe, 260. 
Carbery, Earl of, (1672), 275. 
Cardinals, the, 104. 
Cardrow, James, letter from, 25. 
Carew, John, 243. 
Carey, — , 117. 

Carlisle, 35, 161, 166, 169, 170, 171, 172, 
173, 174, 176. 

letters dated at, 161. 

mayor of, 162, 166. 

town clerk of, 166. 

(Charles Howard, Earl of), 187. 

letter from, 193. 

Carmelites missionaries in England, 

general of the, 16. 
Carnarvon, Lord, his marriage with Miss 

Nicholls, (1753), 201. 
Carolina : 

North, 198. 

Grovernor of. See Johnston, 


the Palatines in, letter from, 


Carrington, — , 128, 130, 131. 
Carrol, William, 34. 
Carrowe, Mistress, 259. 

Carry 11, Carrell, John, 149, 150. 

Carrj'lls, the, 150. 

Carsey, Captain, 213. 

Carter : 

James, letter from, 24. 

Samuel, letter from, 25. 
Carteret, Lord, (1729), letter to, 197. 
Cartwright : 

Dr., 272. 

W., letter from, 164. 
Carven, Hoinrich, secretary of the 

Court Palatine, 233, 
Cary : 

— , 20. 

Sir J., 247. 

Dr. N., letter ftom, 22. 

Six Nicholas, 12. 
Cassell, John, 188. 
Castle, Jobii, clerk to the Lord Privy 

Seal, 2 1-i. 
Castle, How. See How Castle. 

Castlemaine,Lord, 189,140, 150, 151,152. 
Cater, Francis, mayor of Coventry, 

letter from, 46. 
Catharine : 

of Arragon, first Queen of Henry 
VIIL, 256. 

of Portugal, Queen of Charles II., 
20, 79, 100, 101, 154. 
Catholic or Romish religion, the, 83, 94, 
102, 105, 118, 119, 124, 126, 133, 136, 
137, 145, 147, 155, 156, 158. 
Catholics, the. See Papists. 
Catlyne, Mr., Lord Chief Judge, 268. 
Cavalry, the, 223, 234. 
Cave, Abraham, 173. 
Cavendish, Lord, (1678), 18. 
Cawdron, Ebenezer, 258. 
Cecil, Lady Betty, 256. 
Cellier, Mrs., 22, 23. 
Ceporinus, John, minister of Medenblick, 

letter from, 240. 
Ceuta, siege of, 188, 189. 
Ch., Sir J., 41. 

Challoner, H., letter from, 160. 
Chamberlain, Lord, 263, 271, 277. 

See Lindsey, Robert Bertie, 

Ist Earl of. 

Lord Great, 251. 
Chamberlayne, Robert, 149. 
Chambers of Linton : 

Andrew, 184. 

Thomas, 184. 
Champeniowne, Captain, 235, 237. 
Champs, Mr. de, 90. 
Champseaux, — , letter to, 202. 
Champis, Monsieur de, 75. 
Chancellor, Lord, 12, 48, 250, 278, 274, 

Chancellor of the Exchequer, the, 275. 
Chancery : 

Court of, 45, 274. 

gentlemen, the, 23. 
Chandos, I^rd, (1673), 276. 
Channel, the, 32. 

Chantilly, 81. 

Chaplin, Thomas, 253. 

Chappelow, William, of Dalton, 182. 

Charles L, King, 247. 

letters from, 244, 245, 246. 

letter to, 246. 

Charles II., King, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 18, 
15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 49, 6», 
53, 54, 55, 56, 63, 64, 6S, 67, 68, 72, 
73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 79, 82, 84, 91, 92, 
94, 96, 99, 104, 117, 118, 119, 120, 
121, 123, 124, 127, 128, 131, 132, 133, 
141, 142, 143, 145, 147, 150, 151, 162, 
154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 262, 263, 264, 
265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 373, 
274, 276, 277. 
his secretary, 114. 
Charles Edward, " the Young Pretender," 
161, 162, 163, 166, 167, 171, 177. 
his march (^1745), papers relating 

to, lGO-185. 
his summons to the mayor of 
Carliste, 162. 


Charlton, Sir Job, 32. 
Chasteauneuf, Montieiir de, 218. 
Chaterton, — , 258. 
Chatsworth, 165, 171, 175. 
Chaworth, Lady, (1671), 264. 
Cbeadle, 168. 
Gheales, William, 253. 
Chelmsford, 153. 
Chelsea, 250. 
Cheney, James, 159. 
Cheshire, 137. 
Chester, 167. 

Bishop of, (1671), 273, 274, 277. 

Chief Justice of, 22. 

Recorder of, 44. 

Sir Archi., 40 
Chesterfield, letters dated at, 164, 165, 

166, 167, 168, 169, 171, 174. 
Chesterfield, Earl of, (1745), 198. 

— letters from, 198. 

Chetwin, (}harles, 135. 

Chetwind, Mr., of Angestrj, 128. 
Chetwynd, J., letter from, 191. 
Chevalier, the. See Charles Edward. 
Chevigny, Father, 93. 
Cheyne, Mr., 93, 95. 

Chichelj, Sir Thomas, 248. 

Chichester, 13. 

letter dated at, 45. 

John Williams, Bishop of, letter 
from, 45. 

Bishopof, (1753), 201. 
Chidley, 8ir George, 38. 
Chief Justice, Lord, 19, 35, 251. 

See also Fortescue. Holt, Sir John. 

North, Francis. PoUexfen, Sir 

Henry. Treby, Sir George. 

Child, John, 200. 
China, manufacture of, 199. 
Chippenham, letter dated at, 41. 
Cholmley : 

Francis, of Bransby in Stearsby, 

Thomas, of Bransby, 184. 
Church, the, 46. 
Church of England, the, 131. 
Churchill, Colonel, 21, 108. 
Cibo, Cardinal, 101. 
Cirencester, 12, 13, 20. 
Clairambant, Mr. de, 86. 
Clare, — , 116. 
Clarencieox Eing-at-Arms See Hawley, 

Clarendon, (Henry Hyde), Earl of, 135, 

darges. Sir Thomas, 149. 
Clark, Mr., 46. 
Clarke : 

Anthony, of Enmore and Charlinch, 

— , 108. 

George, 253. 

Sir George, letter from, 192. 

Richard, 17. 

• ■ his son Thomas, 17. 

Thomas, of Whenby, 184. 


Daniel, 153. 

Matthew, of Desborough, co. 
Northampton, information of, 
(Popish plot), 153, 154. 

Clayton : 

John, 166. 
Sir Robert, 13. 
Thomas, of Latons, 181. 

Clement : 

Monsieur, 106, 109, 110. 

Mrs., 105. 
Clerk, Mr., 42. 
Clerk of the Crown, 275. 
Clerkenwell, 9. 
Cleveland : 

Court, letter dated at, 197. 

Duchess of, 19, 81. 
Clifford : 

Lord Treasurer, 6, 275. 

— , 131. 

Sir Thomas, 6. 
Clifton, CO. Westmoreland, 171, 172. 
Clifton, Sir Jarvis, 247. 
Clifton Moor, 170. 

Clincamp, Geoffrey de, 204 
Clinton : 

Lord, (1560), 25. 

(1569), Lord High Admiral of 

England, letter to, 206. 

Edward, Lord, (temp, Charles II.), 
Lord Admiral, 247. 
Clippers and coiners, 38, 39. 
Cloberye, Colonel, his regiment, 4. 
Clopton, Sir William, 256. 

Close, Daniel, of Reeth, 181. 

Clutterbuck, Thomas, letter from, 197. 

Coale of Staithes : 

Cornelius, 183. 

John, 183. 
Coals, 201. 

Coates : 

John, senior, of East Witton, 180. 

junior, of East Witton, 180. 

Coats, Oanwell, 253. 

Cobham, Lord, (1745), his regiment of 
dragoons, 166, 171, 173, 176. 

Cock, Captain, 6. 

Coffee House, politicians of the, 19. 

Coffin, Mr., 40. 

Coggs near Witney, co. Oxford, 191. 
letter dated at, 190. 

Coinage, the new, 88, 39, 42, 43. 

(Joiners. See Clippers. 

Colbert, Monsieur, 81. 

Colebrook, 264. 
Coleman : 

Edward, 25, 54, 55, 69, 68, 64, 66, 
66, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 98, 94, 95, 96, 97, 
98, 99, 104, 107, 111, 118, 116, 
139, 140. 
— letter from, 109. 


(3r)leman — cojit. 

Edward, letters to, 49, 53, .54, 67, 60, 
62, 64, 65, 69, 70, 72-76, 77, 78, 
79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 
88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97, 
98, 99, 100, 401, 102, 103, 104, 
105, 107, 110. 

his coachman. See Curzon, 

Mrs., 112. 

letters to, 56, 58. 

CoUgny, Louise de. See Orange, 

Princess of. 
Collingwood, Robert, of Barningham, 

Collyer : 

Benjamin, 253. 
Simon, of Wensley, 180. 
Colmar in Alsace, 57. 
Cologne, Gerbhard Truchsess, Elector of : 
letters from, 215, 224, 233. 
letter to, 233. 
Colston, Edward, 187. 
Colthagh, Colonel, letter to, 225. 
Coltman, John, 254. 
Combe, co. Hereford, 16. 
Combe, Sir J., letter from, 44. 
Combes, John, letters from, 31, 32. 
Comeforth, John, of Crathoine, 183. 
Commissaries of Musters, Deputy. See 

Commission of the peace. See Peace, 

commission of the. 
Common Council, 12. 
Commons, House of, 7, 10, 23, 26, 36, 38, 
44, 45, 92, 145. 
the address, 38. 
petition to, 26. 
Secret Committee of, 117. 
Speaker of, 11, 36, 37, 138, 252. 

See also Williams, William. 

Foley, Paul. 
Common Pleas, Court of, 43. 
Con, Mr., 101. 
Concerts, 201. 
Conclave, the, 104, 105. 
Conde, 88. 

the house (family) of, 91. 
Prince of, 81. 
Conders, Bemardus ab Helpen. See 

Confederates, the, against France, 8, 62, 

97, 117. 
Confessor : 

the, (? of Dnke of York, qr.v.), 83. 
the King's, (? Louis XIV., q,v,, s.v. 
France), 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 
95, 96,97, 112. 
Congleton, 163, 166. 
Gongreve, Mr., 17. 

Coniac, 20ff. 

Conne, Mr. See Coome. 

Conniers, • — , 127. 

Constant of Egton : 
John, senior, 183. 
John, junior, 183. 
William, 183. 

Convocation, 160. 
Cook, Mr., 100. 
Cooke : 

Edward, letter from, 33. 

Sir Miles, letters from, 34, 4 1, 42, 43. 

Mr., 245. 

and Mountague, case of, 11. 
Coome, Conne, Mr., a Scotchman, the 
Pope's nuncio and agent in Paris, 142y 
Coomp, Mr., h'.s brother-in-law, 163. 
Cooper, Mr., letter from, 162. 
Cooper of Thornton Steward : 

John, 180. 

William, 180. 
Cope, Sir John, 160. 
Copenhagen, Coppenhaven, 208. 

letter dated at, 209. 
Coplestone, Mr., 7. 
Copley, Roger, 149, 150. 
Copper, Pensionary, 227. 
Coppock, — , a clergyman, 166. 
Coradin, 219. 
Corbett : 

Monsieur, Advocate of the Councfl 
(in France), 89, 90, 91. 

Richard, 79. 
Cordeliers, Abbey of the. See 

Corker, James, 114. 
Comeforth, Thomas, of Skewsby, 184. 
Cornwall, 14, 38. 
Cornwallis, Lord, (1692), 32. 
CJortnay, Mademoiselle, 67. 
Costard, Geoffrey, 205. 
Cottingwood, 161. 

Cotton imported from Turkey, 198. 

Cotton (Coten), Mr., 122, 126, 129, 184, 
136, 139. 
— , a priest, 15. 
Cottrell, Sir Charles, 88, 89, 90, 276. 

Coucy, Charles de. See Famars, Sieur 

Coulster : 

alias Gifbrd, Daniel, examinations 

of, (Popish plot), 149, 151. 
Sir Joseph, 151. 
Council : 

the. See Privy Council. 
Board, the, 14, 15. 
Chamber, 29. 
•^— letter dated at, 18. 
liords of the Commission of the, 17. 
of State, the, (at the Hague), 227, 
231, 232, 234, 236, 237, 238. 

letters from, 224, 2^5, 237, 

238, 239. 

letters to, 225, 232, 237, 239. 

Coursing the hare, rules for, 247. 

Court, the, 6, 7, 10, 21, 22, 23, 4H, 77, 
201, 208, 257, 269, 260, 265, 271, 27», 
273, 276. 

letter dated from, 208. 
Courtenav : 

William, letter fh>m, 8. 
— , letter from, 27. 
Courteney, Sir William, 39, 41. 


Courtin, Monsieur : 

French Ambassador to England, 73, 
74, 76, 83, 84, 85, 89. S^.e also 
under Ambassador. 

his eon, 85. 

his secretary. See Guery. 
Coyentry, 166, 173. 

letter dated at, 46. 

mayor of. See Cater, Francis. 

Town HaU of, 46. 
Coventry : 

Lord Keeper, speech of, 2, 3. 

Henry, Secretary, 144, 165. 

Sir J., 13. 

Sir William, 12. 
Coward, Kichard, of Thornton le Street, 

Cox, — , falconer to Lord Petre, 168. 
Cracroft, Kobert, 253. 
Craggs, William, of Whenby, 184. 
Cranborne, Lady, (1671), 272. 
Crane, Kobert, 256. 
Cranmer, Mr., the son of, 86. 
Craven, Earl of, (1672), 275. 
Crene. . ., Monsiear, 62. 
Crequy, Crique, Marchal de, 85, 95, 97. 
Cressiere, Georgio, 217. 
Crevecur*, Simon de, 204. 
Crew, Sir John, 120, 122, 137. 
Crewe, Lord, (1691), 80. 
Crique. See Cr^qay. 
Cristal, Captain James, letter from, 280. 
Croker, — , 27. 
Cromarty, Earl, 179. 
Cromarty Harbour, letter dated at, 194. 
Crompton, J., 253. 
Cromwell, Oliver, Lord Protector, 43. 

letter to, 3. 
Crosby, Matthew, of Bransby in Stearsby, 

Cross, Mr., 252. 
Crouch, Mr., 10. 
Crowle, freeholders of, 253. 
Croydon, letter dated at, 2S. 
Crump, — , 117. 
Cry tons. Dr., 66. 

Cullen, Sir R., his brother-in-law, 47. 
Cumberland : 

(William), Duke of, 163, 164, 165, 
166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 
173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178. 

— — his regiment of hussars, 169. 

Francis, Earl of, letters from, 186. 
Cunen, William, son of, 204. 
Cupledike, John, 248. 
Curoway, Mr., 26. 

J., 264. 

John, junior, 254. 
Cnrzon, John, examination of, (Popish 

plot), 139. 

Sir Christopher, 13. 
John, 253. 
Sir Purey, 250. 
Sir Bichard, 250. 
Savile, 253. 
Cofitom House, the, 30. 

Customs, 6, 193. 

Custom's farm, contract for the, 269. 

Cutler, Sir John, 22, 248. 


D. : 

Mr., 48. 

Sir F. See Drake, Sir Francis. 

Sir J., 28. 
Daber, Andrew, 277. 
Daily Advertiser, the, 200. 

Adam, of Kilvington, 179. 

of Ugthorpe, Gabriel, 182. 

John, 182. 

John, of Keswick, 179. 

of Thomborough, 179. 

Robert, of Hutton, 181. 

Thomas, of Newbrough, 1 79. 

of Thornton le Street, 179. 

William, of Coxwold, 179. 

of Mickleby, 183. 

of Thirsk, 179. 

Dalkeith, 160, 161. 
Dallison : 

Mr., 142. 

Joseph, 151. 
Dalton : ^ 

Laurence, of High Worsall, 179. 

Master Peter de, 205. 

Richard, of High Worsall, 179. 
Dambrugh, 214. 
Danby : 

Christopher, of Barroby, 179. 

Edward, of Barroby, 179. 

Thomas, senior, of Barroby, 179. 

junior, of Barroby, 179. 

Danckaerts, Jean Reynhouts, letter 

from, 213. 
Dando, Cardinal of, 16. 
Dane, Christopher, of Wensley, 180. 

junior, 180. 

Danegiles, Captain Charles, letter to, S88. 

Dangerfield, — , 22. 

Danish man-of-war, a, 35. 

Danish Resident, the, 275. 

Dansick, Monsieur, French Ambasaador 

to Denmark, letter to, 283. 
Darby. See Derby. 
Darnell, Thomas, of Hilton, 184. 
Dartford, 249. 

the Abbess of, 256. 
Dartmouth, 19. 

Corporation of, 48. 

(William, Ist) Earl of, letters from, 
191, 192. 

— letter to, 192. 
Darvest, — , secretary to English 

Ambassador in Paris, 73. 
Dauphin (Dolphin) of France. See 

under France. 
Dauphine, 9. 

Dauzay, — , French Ambassador in 
Denmark, letter to, SI 12. 


Daventry, l«tter dated at, 44. 
Davie, Sir William, 40. 
Davison, — , a grocer, 166. 
Davy, John, 47. 

Jeremiah, of Wensley, 180. 
Mr., 275. 
Deacon, Dr., 166. 
Declaration of Indulgence, 271. 
Deeds (1160-1547) preserved at 
Grimsthorpe, transcripts and extracts 
of, 204, 205, 206. 
Deg, Sir Simon, 15. 
Delaval : 

Sir Ralph, Kniglt, letters to, 186. 

Bart., 187. 

letters to, 186, 187. 

R(obert), letter from, 186. 

Lady Elizabeth, 186. 

Sir John, 187, 190. 

Edward, letters to, 189, 193, 194. 

Mrs. Edward, 194. 

letter to, 190. 

Captain George, 192. 
— - letter from, 189. 

letters to, 188, 189, 190, 191, 

192, 193. 
■ his brother James, 189. 
Lieut., afterwards Captain Francis 
Blake, 193. 

letters from, 193, 194, 198. 

letters to, 193, 194, 195, 196. 

his aunt, 194. 

his cousin Hebdon, 194. 

Thomas, letters from, 199, 201. 

letter to, 200. 

John, letter from, 200. 

letters to, 199, 200, 201. 

his aunt Price, 200. 

Mrs. John, 200, 202. 

letters to, 199, 200. 

G., letter from, 200. 
Francis, letter from, 201. 
(?Sir John Uussey), 1st Baron, 
Delft, letter dated at, 220. 
D*Enghien, d'Enguicn, Duke of, 91. 
Denmark, 98, 111,209. 

French Ambassador in. See 

(Frederick II.), King of, 209. 

letter to, 210. 

Dennys : 

Abel, of Newcastle, 29. 
Sir E., 82. 
Denshire, George, 253. 
Dent, Francis, of Leybum, 180. 
Deptford, 193, 195, 196. 
Derby (Darby), 126, 163, 164, 165, 174. 

gaol, 15. 
Derby shu-e, 13, 15, 125. 

forces, the, 164. 
Dermont, College of. See under Paris. 
Derry, deanery cf, 198. 
Dessel, burgomaster of. See Sney^rs, 

Destr^, Ca., 101. 
Deuzponts, 97. 

E 64159. 

Deventer, Gerard Proninck 
burgomaster of Utrecht, 228. 

letters from, 225, 289, 230, S^Su 

letter to, 223. 
Devonshire, 38. 

conmiission of the peace of, 37; 49. 

Deputy Lieutenants of, 39. 

Grand Jury of, 38, 39. 

High Sheriff of, 38. 

justices of peace of, 38. 

Lord Lieutenant of, 39, 40, 4E^ 

militia of, 28, 39. 

Sheriff and Under-Sheriff of, 39, 
Devonshire : 

(William Cavendish, 4tli EsriU 
afterwards 1st Duke of>, 189^ 
272, 275. 

Lady, (1672), 274. 

Duke of, (1745), 163, 164, 165. 

Duchess of, (1745), 165. 
D'Humieres, the Chevalier, 81. 
Dickfield, W., Smith, 116. 
Dieppe, 50. 

Kuns of the Visitation of Sf. Mary^ 
at, 79. 
Diertyts, Commissary, letter to, 236, 
Dinmore, Henry, of Sowerby, 179. 
Disney, John, 254. 
Dissenters, the, 46, 271. 
Dissington, South, 189, 190. 
Dives, letter dated at, 241. 
Dixon, Jos., 254. 
Dobson, James, of Eppleby, 18£. 
Doddington near Lincoln, 200. 
Dodington, Greorge : 

letter from, 197. 

letter to, 198. 
Doesburg, letter dated at, 239^. 
Dogs coursing hares, rules for, 24r. 
Dolben, Archbishop, 250. 

his son, chairman of the committee 
against Dr. Sacheverell, 250. 
Dole, 186. 

Doleith, Dolbeith, Mr., 84, 85. 

Doncaster, 160, 165. 

letter dated at, 174. 
Don Luis, 191. 

Dordam, 215. 

Governor of, 215. 
Dordogne, the river, 200. 

Dordrecht, 231. 

letters dated at, 209, 215, 218, 294^ 

the "Escoutelle" of, letter to, 254* 

the magistrates of, letter to, 232* 
Dormer, Mr., 266. 
Dorp, Colonel, 229, 231. 
Dort, M. de, 233. 
Douay, 16, 158. 
Douglas : 

— , 108. 

Mr., 193. 
Douglass, Doctor, 166. ; 

Dover, 30, 163. 

Lord, (1671), 264. 
Down, Castle of, 177. 
Downing, Sir George, 78. 


Downfl, the, 8, 35, 196. 

Draco, the famous pirate. See Drake, 

Sir Francis. 
Dragoons, 160, 170, 172, 174, 176, 177. 
Drake, Draco, Drag : 

SirFrancis, 208, 211. 

(c. 1677-1696), 7, 38, 40 (Sir 

F. D.), 41 (Sir F. D.). 

— letters from, 33, 34, 39, 46. 

Sir WiUiam, 19,40,41. 
Draycott, Mr., 123, 129, 136. 
Dresden : 

letter dated at, 199. 

china, 199. 
Drew, Thomas, 40. 
Drope, Dr., 277. 
Dmmalier, 161. 
Dmmmond, Lord John, his regiment, 

Drury, Sir WiUiam, 228, 230, 233, 235, 
238, 239, 241. 

letters from, 234, 235, 237. 
Duhlin, 145. 

letters dated at, 198. 

Ahhey Street, 199. 

Castle, 145, 197. 

letters dated at, 197. 

German Protestant church in, 197. 

Hospital, charter of, 31. 

Peter Talhot, Archbishop of, 58, 59, 

66, 69, 70, 73, 98, 102, 103, 106, 

112, 116, 142, 143. See also 

Talbots, the. 

Duchess, the. See York, Mary of 

Modena, Duchess of. 
Duck : 

Christopher, of Westerdale, 182. 

John, of Danby, 182. 
Dudley : 

Lord Ambrose, 257. 

Lord Robert, his players, 258. 
Duhamel, Jacob, 255. 
Dugdale, Stephen, 14, 15, 16, 19, 124, 
127, 128, 130. 

depositions, &c. of, (Popish plot), 
Duke, the. See James II. Parma, 

Duke of. 
Dukes, the two, 22. 
Dumfries, 161. 
Dumblaine, Lord, 18. 
Dunces, the two Mr., 269. 
Duncombe, — , 112. 
Dundee, (Viscount of), 159. 
Dunkirk, Dunkerche, 33, 232. 
Dunse, 245. 
Durdans, 273. 
Durham, 20. 

Bishop of, (1671), 262. 
Durston, 26. 
Dutch : 

the. See Holland. 

army. See Holland, army of. 

captains, 190. 

port, a, plan of, 212. 

regiments m England, 28. 

Smyrna fleet, the, 11. 


E. : 

J., letter from, 27. 

Sir John. See Elwill, Sir John. 
Earls fen common, co. Line, 244. 
Earsdon, parish of, 202.. 
Eastbury, letter dated at, 197. 
East India : 

0)mpany, 31. 

— a new, 31. 

secret service money of the, 


fleet, 192. 
East Indies, the, 192. 
Easton, George, of Gisbrough, 182. 
Eden, the river, 161. 
Edenham, 205. 
Edinburgh, 160, 173, 178. 

letter dated at, 176. 

Castle, 245. 
Edlintun, Ancheti de, 204. 
Edmondson, Thomas, of Leybum, 180. 
Edmonton, letter dated at, 27. 
Elcho, Lord, (1745), 168, 170, 174. 
Eld, Walter, 120. 

his daughter Ann, 120. 

his daughter Elizabeth, 120, 133, 134. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 208, 211, 212, 225, 
226, 231, 232, 233, 237, 240, 242, 258, 

letters from, 224, 225, 231, 235, 239, 

letters to, 235, 236. 

her feeling on the death of Mary, 
Queen of Scots, 212. 

her players, 258. 

plots against the person of, 213. 
Elizade, D., a Spaniard, 110. 
Elliotts, Humphrey, 125. 
Elwes, Sir Gervase, 152, 153. 
Elwill, John : 

his uncle Rodd, 8. 

his uncle T.B., 8. 

Elwell, Sir John, letters from, 7, 8, 
21, 40,41,48 (Sir John E.). 
Emden, 211, 242. 

letters dated at, 242. 

certain merchants of, 242. 
Emmont Bridge, 171. 
Emperor : 

(Bodolph II.), the, 207. 

(Leopold I.), the, 52, 73, 106, 107, 
Emperor's Court, the, 50. 
Ems, the river, 242. 
Enderby, Albin de, 205. 
Engineer and Surveyor General, the 

King's, 197. 
Enkhuizen, the magistrates of, letter to, 

Epworth, 173. 
Eresby : 

church of, 206. 

deed dated at, 205. 

inventory of articles at, 255. 

Lords of. See under WiUonghby. 
Ernie, Sir Michael, letter from, 245. 


lErrington : 

Michael, of Wensley, 180. 

Thomas, of Wensley, 180. 
Ersby, Anthony, 242. 
Esk, the river, 161. 
JSssex, 18, 19, 20. 
Essex : 

(Robert Devereux, 2nd) Earl of, 
letters to, 212, 242, 243, 244. 

(Arthur Capel), Earl of, 12, 16. 23, 
119, 139,272. 
Estrees, Count d*, 248. 
European commodities, 55. 
Ev., J., letters from, 28. 
Everard, Edmund, his information, 

(Popish plot), 141. 
Evers : 

Mr. See Wrie. 

Edward, 150. 
Every : 

John, 253. 

Simon, 254. 
Examinations, Lords of the Oommittec 

of. See under Lords. 
Excellency, his, (? Leicester, Robert, 

Earl of), 213,215,216. 
Exchange, the, 54. 
JExchequer, 4. 
Excise, 43. 
Exeter, 8. 

letters dated at, 6, 7, 8, 21, 28, 38, 
39, 40, 41, 48, 

assizes at, 40, 41. 

^Jonathan, Bifhop of, letter from, 

Bishop of, (1694), 36. 

Lord, 13, 250. 

College. See under Oxford. 
Exports, English, to Turkey. See under 

Eyre, Samuel, letters from, 31, 32. 
Eyres, Judge, 45. 


F., Mr., of Spridlestone, 11. 
Faille, Martin de la, 218. 
Fairfax : 

Charles, Lord, of Gilling, 185. 

Sir Thomas, letter from, 246. 

letter to, 246. 

Falkirk, 177, 178. 
Fall : 

John. See Saunders, John. 

Stephen, 149. 
Falmouth, 32. 

Falmouth, Countess of, (1671), 267. 
Famars, Charles de Coucy, Sieur de. 
Governor of Malines, 209. 

letter from, 209. 

Fane, — , 30. 

Fanshawe, Lord, (1692), 248. 

Farmers, 6. 

Farrington : 

Greneral, 251. 

Thomas, 255. 

Farr*B Coffee House. See under London. 
Fauconberge : 

Lord, (1660), 4. 

— his regiment, 4. 
Fawcett, Captain, 246. 
Fawke, Bri^idier, 160. 
Fay, Monsieur du. Ambassador from the 

King of Navarre, letter to, 232. 
Feguieres, garrison at, 84. 
Felbrygg, Simon, knight, 205. 
Fenne, Bodin de, 204. 
Fenwick : 

Sir John, letter to, (1611), 186. 

(c?. 1697), 16, 40, 43, 44, 113, 

116, 117, 141. 

papers of, 115, 116, 117. 

Mr., 157, 158. 

Sir William, letter to, 186. 
Femandobuck in Brazil, 242. 
Ferrand, John, 254. 
Ferrier, Pfere, 58, 71. 
Ferrybridge, co. York, 165, 167. 
Feversham, 117. 
Fez, 189. 

and Morocco, King of. See 
Morocco, Emperor of. 
Fischmeester, Abraham, 211. 
Fisher, John, of Yarm, 183. 
Fitter, ^Ir., a priest, 134. 
Fitzgerald : 

Greeme, 155. 

Katheriue, 275. 
Fitzherbert, Bazill, 124. 
Fitz James, Sir H., 56. 
Fitzlawes, Sir Richard, 256. 
Fitzpatrick, Colonel, 275. 
FitzwiUiam, Lord, (1745), 253. 
Flamsteed, (a cypher to signify St, 

Omer, q.vS), 114. 
Flanders, 21, 57, 80, 99, 108, 123, 151, 
186, 208, 210, 232, 233. 

^glish troops in. See under 

French victories in, 7. 

the Lord Marshal of the forces in, 
215, 222. 

letter from, 217. 

letters to, 216, 222. 

President of. See Amant, 
Monsieur d*. 
Fleet, the. See under London. 
Fleetwood, Sir William, 247, 266. 
Floranzen, — ,81. 
Florence, 101. 

Duke of, 100, 
Flower, F., 253. 
Flushing, 210, 241. 

letters dated at, 210, 220, 

pensionary of, 230. 
Foley, Paul, Speaker of House of 

Commons, 36, 249. 
Foot forces, the, 197. 
Foote, Samuel, 200, 201. 

letters from, 200, 201. 
Forbes, Mr,, 269. 
Ford, 34. 

CO. Northumberland, letter dated at, 

T 2 


Ford — cont. 

Castle, near Berwick-upon-T treed, 
187, 189. 
Ford: Mr., 27. 
Sir R., 10. 

Robert, the elder, 256. 
Forge, Monsieur Le, 258. 
Forrest, Dr., 266. 
Forstcr : 

John, clerk of the peace for 

Staffordshire, letter from, 29, 
Mr., 117, 127. 

M.P. for Northumberland, 193. 

William, 187. 
Fortesque : 

Charles, letter from, 26. 
Lord Chief Justice, 275. 
Forth, the river, 177, 178. 
Foskewe, Sir Francis, his players, 257. 
Foster, James, of Eppleby, 181. 

Arthur, 121. 
Mr., 15, 127. 

Sir Stephen, 5, 13, 41, 273. 
Fowey, letter dated at, 8. 
Fowke, Brigadier. See Fawke. 
Fowler : 

Mr., of St. Thomas, 122, 128, 134. 

his daughter, 134. 

J., letter from, 193. 

of Eppleby, Thomas, 181. 

William, 181. 

Framlay, Madame de, 98. 
France, 7, 8, 9, 10, 23, 34, 40, 72, 73, 74, 
75, 79, 81, 82, 84, 87, 101, 104, 106, 
108, 123, 130, 136, 142, 144, 145, 155, 
166, 177, 200, 206, 241, 273. 
campaign in, (1622), 244. 
Captain General of the forces sent 
to. See Willoughby, Peregrine 
Bertie, Lord, 
the confederates against. See 

Court of, 51,61, 141, 142. 
Dauphin (Dolphin) of, 19, 96 (King 

of France's son). 
English descent on, 32, 33. 
English envoy to, 1 2. 
a fugitive from, 208. 
King of, 19. 

(Henry III.), King of, 213. 
(Henry IV.), King of, 241. 
(Louis XIV.), King of, 10, 43, 50, 
51, 52, 53, 55, 58, 59, 60, 62, 63, 
64, 67, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 
88, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 
98, 99, 106, 107, 109, 111, 112, 
126, 127, 143, 186, 249. 

— his confessor, 72, 73, 74, 75, 
76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 86, 91, 
94, 96, 97, 111. See also 
Confessor, the King's. 

his grand steward. See 

Belfount, Marshall. 

Ministers of State, 93. 
news from, 241. 
Parliament of, 93, 95. 

Franceis, Robert le, 205. 
Francis, — , 200. 
Frankland : 

— , 185. 

of Farliugton, Joseph, 185. 

Richard, 185. 

Frederick, the Palsgrave, 206i 
Freine, John, 22. 
Fremin : 

(? Frewin, q.v,). Colonel, 222, 234. 

, letters from, 232, 237. 

French, — , 130. 
French : 

the, 9, 32, 42, 143, 186, 248, 276. 

Ambassador. See Ambassadors. 

capers, 41. 

Catholics, the, 78. 

East Indiaman, a, 176. 

fleet and men-of-war, 10, 14, 28, 32, 
35, 82, 84, 103, 176. 

fu^tives, 37. 

Kmg, the. See France, King of. 

merchants, 188. 

privateers, 32, 42, 176. 

Protestants. See under Pro- 

service, Irish regiment in, 9. 

soldiers in England, 163, 166, 173, 
174, 175. 

troops, 57, 85, 87 (for Oermany), 
92 (at Maestricht). 

war, the, 39, 43. 

woman, some frippery, 202. 
Frewin (? Fremin, g.v.). Colonel, 224. 
Friesland : 

the states of, 227 (Prize). 

letters to, 231, 233. 

Governors of the town of, letter to, 

President of the Council of. See 
Aysina, Monsieur de. 
Frisebi, Simon de, 204. 
Friskney, 205. 

Frobiiher, Furbiger, Captain, 208. 
Fulwood, Mr., 46. 


6—, J., letter from, 186. 

Gabriel, Monsieur (the Intemoncio), 
105, 109,110. 

Gache, Mr., 276. 

Gaffick, L., 28. 

Gale, Mr., 87. 

Galleons Reach, 195, 196. 

Galway, capitulation of, 160. 

Gambia Company, the, 262, 263. 

Gant : 

Hugh de, 205. 

Robert de, 205. 

— his wife Adeliza Paganell, 


Garbrett, Thomas, of Glaitdale, 182. 
Garbutt : 

of Ugthorpe, Peter, 182. 

Zachaiy, 182. 

Gardiner, — , 136. 

Garnet, Gardnett (Henry), 136. 

Gamett, John, of Easington, 183. 

Garrard, Mr., of Hinderston, 136. 

Garrick, (David), 201. 

Garstang, 169, 170, 174, 175. 

Grarter, Order of the, Georges and Gar^ 

terSf 7. 

Knight of the, 263. 

Garway, Mr., 13. 

Gascoyn, Sir Bern., 101. 

Gascoyne, — , 155. 

Gatton, 12. 

Gaudagoi, G., letter from, 201. 

Gaunt, Sir Gilbert de, 205. 

Gaven, Air., 122, 123, 125, 126, 129, 

131, 136, 138. 
Gawers, William, 116. 
Gazette, the, 9, 21, 33, 166, 192. 
Geldenhaurius, Gerhardos Erbanos, 

letter to, 211. 
Gelligre, Mr., 214. 
Genoa, the Kesident of, 275. 
George I., King, 193, 196, 197. 

letter from, 196. 

portrait of, 255. 

George II., King, 166, 197, 253. 

letter to, 199. 

George (afterwards Greorge III.), Prince 

of Wales, 201. 
Georgenie, Josephus, a Grecian Bishop, 

Georges and Garters. See Garter. 

— , of Hilderson, 131. 

of Lancashire, 131. 

Sir Gilbert, 96. 

Mr., 15. 

Bichard, 121. 
Germain, — . See St. Germaine. 
German Protestant church in Dublin. 
See under Dublin. 

regiments, 53. 
Germans, the, 8, 53, 54, 62. 

Germany, 87, 108, 201, 206. 
campaign in, 210, 244. 
Gerrard, Gerard, Mr., 123, 129. 

Gertrudenburg, 219, 231. 

letters dated at, 209, 210, 211, 213. 

the siege of, 240, 241. 
Ghent, 109. 


Thomas, 49. 

letter from, 48. 

Gibraltar, 190, 192, 193, 196. 


— . See Coulster, Daniel. 

Colonel Charles, of Chillington, 
154, 151, 152. 

John, 40. 

Mr., 138, 149. 
Gilbert, Bichard, 254. 

Giles, — , 22, 23. 

Balph, son of, 204. 

his brother Balph, a Til- 

lein, 204. 


son of Balph, son of. 

Gilling West "Wapentake, co. Tork, 180- 

Gilpin : 

George, 236. 

letter from, 209. 

letters signed by, 212, 218, 

225, 238. 

letters to, 229, 236. 

Gingle, Kirk, 161. 

Madame de, 83. 

Will, 139, 140. 
Gloucester, 18, 20. 

Bishop of, 201. 
Gloucestershire, 138. 
Goddrell, Mr., 36. 

Colonel, his regiment of horse, 28. 

Sir Edmondsbury, 12, 14, 127, 135, 
137, 138, 155. 

George (a/ias Golding alias Wil- 
ford), a Franciscan friar, 15. 
Godolphin, Sidney, Earl of, 27, 32, 189. 

Thomas, 152, 153. 

See Godfrey. 
GrQldsmiths, the company of, 259. 
Gomport, — , brewer, 259. 
Grcodmeavy, letter dated at, 49. 
Groodrick, Sir Francis, Beader of Lin- 
coln's Inns' feast, 270, 275. 
Gordon : 

Duke of, (1679), secretary of, 159. 

Lady Anne, 141. 

Madame de, 142. 

Mr., of Ardock, 177. 
Gosce, frater, 204. 
Groscene, Mr., 156. 
Gouddall, Mark, 149. 

Captain, 161. 

Bichard, of Kilvington, 179. 
Graham, John, 166. 

Balph, letters from, 26, 30, 32, 33, 

William, of Bedale^ 185 bis. 

Marmaduke, of Grinton, 180. 

Balph, of Ormesby, 184. 
Grande, Alessandro le, 211. 
Grand Jury, Papists in, 19. 
Grane, Mr., 100, 101, 104. 
Granger, Abraham Gory, 15. 
GranUiam, Becorder of, 49. 
Graslin College, 142. 
Grasta, Guasta, Marquess of, 219, 220, 

221, 222. 
Gratiano, Dominico, information of 

(Popish plot), 141. 
Gravesend, 249. 


Gray. See Grej, 
Grayes, 266. 
Grajson of Yarme : 

John^ 183. 

William, 183. 
Jrreathed, Edward, 254. 
Green : 

John, 254. 

(Robert), 12, 13. 
Greendale, 161. 
Greenwich, 257, 260. 

letters dated at, 224, 225, 242. 
Greeta Gre«n, 161. 
Gregory, G., junior, 253. 
Greta Bridge, 167. 
Grey, Gray : 

Anchitel, 15. 

letter from, 81. 

Lord, of Wark, (1679), 19. - 

Lady Mary, (1562), 258. 

Mr. or Mr. de, 74, 75, 87, 88, 89. 
90, 95, 98. 

Mr., his nephew, 90, 95. 

— — his niece, 90. 
Gri', William, 204. 
Griffin, Joseph, of Aldbrough, 180. 
Griffith, John, 277. 
Griffith ap Robin, William, of Cotswil- 

lian, 255. 
Grim, Adam, 204. 
Grimaldi, the secretary, 220, 221. 
Grimsthorpe, 248, 256, 257, 258, 260, 

letters dated at, 243, 244. 

furniture, &c. at, 255. 

horses at, 254. 
Grimston, William, letter to, 240. 
Grinstead, East, 20. 
Grobes (? Groves), — , 123. 
Groningen, 242. 
Gros, Mr., 49. 
Grosvenor, Colonel E., letters from, 7, 

8, 9, 12. 
Grote, — , 121. 
Grotian, 61. 
Groves : 

John, 117, 130. 

— , 126, 135, 157, 158. 
Guards, the, 31. 

Guasta, Marquess of. See Grasta. 
Guelderland, 219, 223. 
Guery, Mr., Secretary of Monsieur 

Courtin, 84. 
Guilding, Dr., 156, 157. 
Guilford (Francis North), Lord, letter 

from, 193. 
Guineas, heightening of, 42. 
Guitry, Monsieur de, letter from> 241. 
Gunpowder Plot, 136. 
Gwydyr Upt)er House, inventories of 
articles in, 256. 


IK^ckerley, Mr., 252. 
Hacon', Simon, son of, 204. 

the, 191, 212, 231, 239. 

letters dated at, 186, 210, 212^ 

213, 218, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226,. 
227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233. 
234, 235, 237, 238, 239, 240. 
Hainaut, 140. 

Hal, Dr. Edmond, letter from, 7. 
Hales, Edward, 253. 
Halifax : 

(George Saville, Marquess of), 
187, 248, 275. 

Charles Montague, Lord, 250. 
Halifax, vicar of. See Hook, Dr. 

James, of Low Worsall, 183. 

of Linton, John, 184. 

Ralph, 184. 

William, 184. 

Mr., 156, 157. 
Hallam, West, 126. 
Hallydaye, Thomas, 256. 
Hamburg, letters dated at, 199, 201. 
Hamilton : 

(James 6th), Duke of, 200. 

Duchess of, 200. 

— , 108. 

— , his regiment, 176. 

Captain, 170. 
Hamon, Chr., of Newsham, 181. 
Hamond of Arkengarthdale, Joseph,181. 

Michael, 181. 
Hampden, Mr., 18, 27. 
Hampshire, 21, 33. 

sheriff of, 29. 

under sheriff of, 29. 
Hampton Court, 263, 265. 
Handforde, — , 258. 
Handyside, General, 166. 
Hang West Wapentake, co. York, 179^ 

180, 185. 
Hanover, 166. 
Hanslip, — , 18. 
Harbor, C, 140. 
Harcourt : 

Father, 19. 

Mr., 44. 

Harcoat, Harcott, WilUam, a Jesuit, 
119, 120, 121, 128, 124, 126, 
127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 135, 137, 
Hardcastle, John, of EasingiFoId, 184. 
Hardegray, William, master . of the 
chantry of Holy Trinity, Spilsby, 
Hardwick : 

Richard, 253. 

William, of Bransby, in Steanbv. 
Hardwicke, letters dated at, 8r 
Hardy : 

Adrian, 254. 

Sergeant, 10. 
Hare, rules for coursing the, 247»' 

Hsrland of Egton : 

Francii, 183. 
Bichud, 183. 

Thomas, 183. 
Ilarley, (Bobert), 852. 
Hnrrington, William, letteis &o 
10, 13, 19, ai. 

lUrris ; 

Mr., 41. 
Samuel, 24. 
Harrison : 

Edward, of Wenslej, 180. 
of Egton, John, 182. 

- Will 

. 182. 

IloDr)-, of Glaisdale, 182. 

John, 2.'i4. 
Ilftrroff-on-the-Uill, 39. 
HaiTT, Brotlier, 150. 
HarC Mr., of Tannton, S6. 
Hartley Colliery cxpiDSt^s of an engiue 

Harvey, John, 2S3. 
Hanjr, lady, (1672), !». 
Harwich,. 21. 

Haselrige, Tom, 21. 

Hasledene, William, 254. 

Ilassnp, priest of. See Ayreps, Mr. 

Hatfield, 273. 

Hatsell, Henn-, letters from, 9, 10, II, 

13. 13,21, 83, sy, 
Hatsell, Lawrence, letter from, 33. 
Hutton, Lord (1G98), letter from, 4G. 
Ilaversbam, 269. 
Ilawley, Thomas, ClareDcienx King at 

Anns, 206. 
UawtOD. Malts., 253, 
Havd.,Mr„ 1U4. 
IlHjtoti Bridge, 163. 
Headiagton, Heddington, 


letter dated at, S4e. 
Healey, John, 853. 
Heaton, Mr., 145. 
Heddon. Mr., of Bedale, 18S. 
Heidelberg, SOS. 
HeiDt', Thomatt, sou of WiUiam de, 304. 
HelG, Simon, IS. 
Hellyer, Hellyar, Mr., 86. 
Hclmestey, William Boos, Lord of, 305. 
Helpen, BemarduB Conden ab, letter 

from, SlI. 
Hclpringhuin, EliaB de, 304. 
Helstop, Madame, CC. 
Heniogham, Mr., of Aston. See Hever- 

Henley near Ludlow, letters dated at, 

48, 43, 46. 
Henly, Sir Andr., 275. 
Herbert .- 

Lord, of Cherbnry, letter from, 34. 

letter to, 148. 

— , 226. 

Mr., 18. 
Herbom, letter dated at, 21 1, 

Hereford, 19, 49. 

Dean of. See Hodges, Dr. 

H'eeford, William de, 204. 
Hereningham, Mrs. See Heveringham. 
Heme, Sir Natbaniel, 19. 
Herring, Dr., 178. 
Herst, Henry, letter fruiii, 2L5. 
Hertfordshire, 20. 
flerre}-. Sir Elias, 19. 
Uereringbam, Hcningham, Heven Ing- 
ham, HoTeahingham, Mr., of Aston. 
15, 122, 123, 139, 136. 

Hereningham, Mrs., 131. 
Hesqueth, Kogcr, 1J8. 
Hesee, Prince of. 177. 
HeEBiau troopii in .Si^olliind, 173, 177. 
Hewit, Francis, 166. 
Heiham. 62, 75. 
Hejtefibiiry, liS. 
Hickman, Doctor, 163. 

~, 8. 

Captain, 13. 
Higgins, Mr. (_aliai Bobert Palmer), 14, 
Higblaoders (Highland army), the, 160, 

163, 163, 164, 165, 177. 
Highlands, the, 173, 175, 177. 
Highoiic. 14, 
Hill, H11I8, — , 12, 13. 

1, 183. 

Hinton, Jt., goldsmith, 115. 

Hoblon, Dr., 270. 

Hobson, Hopson. George, 14, 117, ISir 

133, 184. 
Hoddeadon, 260. 
Hodt'e, John, 35. 

Hodges, Dc, Dean of Hereford, 362. 

John, 253. 

Laurence, of Lartington, 181. 

of Ug^orpe, John, 182. 

— Thomas, 182. 

Wilham, 138. 


of Low Woraall, Anthony, 183. 
Thomji!;, 183. 
llohenlo, Hollack, HoUock: 

Philip, Couat, 214, 216, SIS, 819, 

223, aas. 

letters from, 211, 218. 

letters to, 224, 23S, 231. 

Holdemess, Coaotess of, (1GS6), letter - 

to, 844. 
Holgate, W., 254. 

and the Hollandeis (Dutch), 6, 9, 

42, 51, 53,. 53, 64, 91, 92, 107, 
108, 160, 178, 187, IBS, 211, 324, 
SS3, SS6, 270. 

srroy of, 9. 

campugn in, 910^ 344. 

post, a, S8. 


Holland — cont. 

President of the Coancil of. See 
Nicolay, Amoult. 

fliiips and galleys of, 103. 

^thips of, 190, 191. 

ihe States of, letter from, 228. 

the States-Greneral of. See States- 
Creneral, the. 

John, letters from, 165, 167, 169, 
170, 171. 

letter to, 171. 

Samuel, letter from, 171. 
Holiest : 

of Danby, George, senior, 182. 

— junior, 182. 

HoUing Ferry, 169. 

HoUo(£, Count. See Hohenlo. 


Edward, of Leyburn, 180. 

Biebard, of Middlesham, 180. 

Holowaj, Mr., 270. 

Holt : 

^Sir John), Lord Chief Justice, S3, 
36, 45, 47. 

letters from, 40, 48. 

_ funeral of, 251. 

P., letter from, 44. 

— his brother, 44. 

Jaeob Mays van, letters from, 209. 

— bis son Hugues, 209. 

Holywell, 116, 120. 

Homer, Henry, of Thornton Steward, 


Colonel Philip, 170, 172. 

Mr., 19. 
Honiton, 17. 

Dr., yicar of HaUfaz, 27. 

his son, 27. 

Hooke, Mr., 44, 226. 
Hootoiif John, 253. 

Hopetoun (Hoptone), Earl of, (1745), 

Hopson, George. See Hobson. 
Horn, letter dated at, 224. 
Hornecastr^ Biebard de, 804. 

Francis, of Whenby, 1 84. 
William, of Skewsby, 184. 
Horrebi, John de, 204. 
Horseman, Horsman : 
J«, 8. 

■ letter from, 17. 
Horsham, Assizes at, 37. 
Horwood, Mr., 266. 
Hottlt, J. Van. letter from, 238. 
Household accounts of Bichard Bertie, 
and of Eatherine, Duchess of Snfifolk, 
his wife, 256-260. 
Houstadyck, letters dated at, 824, 233. 
Hoasttn, John, letter to, 237. 
HoTcahingham, Mr. See Heveringham. 
How, Emanuel, 1 90. 

Castle, letter dated at, 198. 


Henry, Lord, 4, 6. 

— — his regiment, 4. 

— , Almoner to the Queen, 118. 

Charles, 153, 154. 

Esm€, 47. 

Mr., 123, 129, 187. 

of Hoarcross, 15, 186. 

P., 139, 140. 

Sir Bobert, of Wales, the son of, 
Howbee, 15. 
Howgate, 161. 
Hownsam, W., 159. 
Huddersfield (Huthersfield), 166. 
Huisduinea. See Huysden. 
Hugh, — , 148. 
Hull, 10, 208. 
Hundleby, Hundylby, 205. 
Huneywood, Colonel. See Honeyirood. 
Hungarian hussars in English army, 

Hungate, Austin, President of the Bene- 
dictines, 16. 
Hungerford, co. Wilts, 248. 
Hungerford, John, letters from, 7. 
Hunt of Linton : 

Anthony, 184. 

Henry, 184, 

Thomas, senior, 184. 

— junior, 184. 
Hunter, Samuel, 253. 
Huntingdon, 260. 

Henry, Earl of, 247. 

Lord, (1692), 248. 
Huntingdonshire, 13, 14, 20. 
Huntley : 

Marquess of, (1678), 141, 142. 

Lady, (1678), 143. 

the charge against, 141. 

Huntleys, the, 144, 145. 
Hunton, Dennis, 159. 
Huske, General, 161, 167, 170, 176. 
Hussars, 170, 173, 175. 
Hutchinson : 

— , 187. 

John, of Egton, 183. 

William, of Melsonby, 181. 
Huygens, Chr., letters signed by, 209, 

224, 225, 237, 238, 239. 
Huypen, letter dated at, 238. 
Huysden, Huosden, Huisduinen, 214, 

217, 219, 242. 
Hyde, Captain, 249. 


Imports, English, from Turkey. See 

under Turkey. 
India, 211. 


Infantry : 

English, 213. 

General of the, at Bergen-op- 

Zoom. See Willoughby, Pere- 
errine Bertie, Lord. 
Ingoldmells, 205. 
Innocentius XI. See Pope, the. 
Intemnncio : 
the, 113. 

letter to, 109. 

See Gabriel, Monsieur. 
Inventories : 

Eresby, 255. 

Grimsthorpe, horses at, 254. 

furniture, &c. at, 255. 

Gwyflyr, Upper House, 256. 
Rainby, 256. 
Southwark, plate at, 254. 
Swinstead, ftimiture at, 256. 

House, 255. 

Tattenhall, bedding, &c. at, 254. 
Inverness, 178, 194. 
Ipswich, letters dated at, 8, 14. 
Irby, WiUiam, 253. 

Ireland, 7, 28, 42,49, 103, 115, 120, 123, 
128, 130, 132, 138,143, 145, 201,262, 
Commission for the lands in, secre- 
tary to. See Shaen, Sir James. 
Committee of Council for, 262, 263, 

268, 269,270, i71. 
courts-martial in, 197. 
Lords Justices of, letters from, 197. 

letter to, 197. 

Lord Lieutenant of, letters to, 197. 

See Berkeley, Lord. 

ofl&eer of army in, letter from, 8. 

Privy Councillors of, 197. 

report concerning the state of 

(1671), 264, 269. 
war in, 31. 
Ireland, William, 16, 114, 116, 119, 120, 
121, 123, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 131, 
136, 157.. 
Irish : 

the, 122. 

Bishop, an, 100, 101. 
Catholics, the, 145. 
hound, an, 215. 
regiment in French service, 9. 
Islip, 269. 

Italian companies, the, 222. 
Italians, 108, 219. 
Italy, 191. 


Jablouski : 

Daniel, chaplain to the King of 

Prussia, 197. 
'— letter from, 197. 

Jackson : 

George, of Bransby in Steanby, 


Henry, of Swinton, 185. 
Mr., 123. 
Sir Robert, 245. 

William, of Thornton-le-Street, 179. 
Jacksons, the two, 151, 152. 
Jacobites, 27, 28, 33, 34, 87, 38, 89, 166* 
James II., King : 

as Duke of York (or the Duke), 
6, 12, 14, 20, 21, 22, 24, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 59, 61, 
63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 
71,72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 80, 
82, 83, 84, 85, «7, 88, 89, 90, 91, 
92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 100, 
101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 
108, 109, 111, 112, 118, 124, 187, 
141, 145, 147, 158, 159, 265, 267, 
268, 270, 272, 273, 274. 
as Duke of York, his confessor, 75, 

— ^— his treasurer, 73, 76. 
as Km^, 27, 38, 248, 249. 
— his daughter Anne. SeeAimt. 

(Mary). See Mary 11. 

James, the Old Pretender, 26 (Prince of 

Wales), 193 (the Prince). 
Jane, Mrs., 59, 60. 

Jedburgh, 160, 161. 

Jeffreyes, Mrs. Ann, 46. 

Jeffreys, Jefferies, Sir George, after- 
wards Lord, 10, 11, 22, 42. 

Jenibell, — , 222. 

Jenkins : 

Sir Leoline, 275. 

Sir Lyonel, 13. 

Thomas, 26. 

John, 254. 

Lady, (1671), 266. 
Jenny son, Mr., 18. 

Jephson, Mr., 20. 

Jersey (Edward Villiers, Ist) Earl of, 

48, 189. 
Jervis, Mr., 266. 

Jesson, Thomas, 253. 

Jesuits, 14, 15, 16, 75, 114, 115, 118, 
119, 121, 127, 128, 130, 160, 152, 
Superior of the. See Whitebread. 
Jews, the, 27, 42. 

Johnson, William, 253. 

Johnston : 

Gabriel, Grovemor of North Caro- 
lina, 198. 

William, 258. 
Jolly, Mr., 153. 


Katherine, 148. 

Randal, of 3hrewsbary, ezamiiiA- 
tion of (Popish plot), 159. 


Joseph : 

Brother, 53 . 

Father, prior of the English Bene- 
dictines at Paris, 142. 
Joys, "the froylicke pointre," letter 

from, 207. 
Juan, Don, 78. 

instructions to, 2, 3. 
a special commission to some of the, 
Julij, Mr., 93. 
Jury packing, 45. 
Justices : 

the Lords, 40, 43, 47. 
— of Ireland. See under Ire- 
of the Peace, 2, 3, 12. 
Justinus, Admiral, of Nassau, letter 
from, 218. 


Kampen, letter dated at, 229. 
Ke, Alan, 205. 
Kearton : 

of Muker, George, 181. 

— John, senior, 181. 

— junior, 181. 

John, of Reeth, 181. 

"Keel men," 194, 195. 
Keeper : 

Lord, 34, 38, 252, 263, 266, 267, 
273, 277. 

the Lord. See Coventry, Lord 
Keeper. Somers, John, Lord. 
Keles : 

Alan de, 204. 

his brother Walter, 204. 


— 155. 
Father, 114, 115. 

Kelso, 160, 161, 245. 
Kemble, — ,19. 
Kemp, Unlph, 168. 

Kendal, 169, 170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 

letter dated at, 170. 
KendeU, Philip, of Welbum, 185. 
Kensington, 33, 37, 44, 262, 263, 265, 
268, 270. 

church, 261, 263, 264, 265. 

house, 261. 
Kent, 20, 175. 
Kent, Lord and Countess Dowager of, 

(1672), 275. 
K«rr, Lord Mark (Mae Kerr), his regi- 
ment of dragoons, 166, 173, 176. 
Keylo (Kyloe), 191. 
Keyns, Dr., 258, 260. 
Kightly, Mr., 158. 
KiUigrew : 

H., 226^, 236. 

letter to^ 229. 

HCr., 225. 

Thomas> letter toy 235. 

Killin^husen, Andrew, 197. 
Kilmaine, Lord, (1724), 197. 

Kilmarnock, Earl of, (1745), 177* 


Philip de, 204. 

his son Walter, 204. 

Kime, Lambert, prior of, 204. 


Archdeacon, letters to, 197. 

Sir Peter, 252. 
King's Bench, Court of, 29, 30, 46. 

King's chapel, the, 263, 264. 

playhouse, the, 270. 

stores, the, 33. 
Kingston, 32, 36. 

Kingston, Duke of, (1745), 164, 175. 

— — his regiment of light 

horse, 166, 169, 173, 174, 175, 177. 
Kingston-on-Thames, 158. 

-upon-Hull, letter dated at, 208. 
Kipling, John, of Hutton, 181. 

Kirkby : 

by Bolingbroke, co. Line, 205. 

church of, 206. 

Kobert de, parson of the church of 
Bolingbroke, 205. 
Kirby, letter dated at, 46. 

Kirby, James, of Stokesley, 183. 

Kirke : 

Francis, of Kilbum, 179. 

William, 254. 
Kirkley, George, of Downholme, 180. 

Kirkstead : 

Abbey, 206. 

abbot and convent of, 205. 

Abbey, Richard (^circa 1200), abbot 

of, 294. 
Walter {circa 1160), abbot of, 

— - Ralph (Radulfus), cellarer of,. 

church of St. Mary, grant to, 204r 
Abbey, Walter, prior of, 204. 

Knaggs : 

of Skelton, John, 182. 

— William, senior, 182. 
junior, 182. 

of Ugthorpe, Christopher, 182. 

John, 182. 

Knaresborough, 172. 

Knatsall, letter dated at, 242. 

Knight : 

— , a priest, 119. 

Dickenson, letters to, 163, 164, 167,. 

169, 170, 171, 178. 
Sir John, 73, 98, 99. 
Mr., 168. 
Major Ralph (afterwards Colonel 

Sir Ralph), 4, 5. 

— letters to, 3, 4, 5. 

■ his regiment, 3, 4, 5. 

Ralph, letters from, 164. 

— letters to, 162, 165. 
Knowles, Mistress, 256, 258. 

Knox, Thomas, 21, 117. 


La . . ., Justice, 14. 
Lacy, Mr., 48. 
Lafeare, Mr., a priest, 157. 
Laiton, — , 99. 
Lambert, Lord, (1660), 3. 
Lambeth, 40, 275. 
Lambbay, the, 6. 
Lam'tuDia, Eniisius do, 204. 
Lancashire, 161, 162, 165. 
Lancaster, 169, 170, 173, 174, 175, 176. 
county palatine of, proposed Act to 

dissolve, 36. 
mayor and gentlemen of, letter to, 

bridge, the, 168. 
Landschade : 

Christopther, letter from, 206. 

— his sous Jean Dieter and Jean 

Lanschade de Steinach, 206. 
Hans Ton Steinach, letter from, 

his son Hans Christoffel, letter 

to, 207. 
Land tax, the, 249. 
Lane : 

John, 117. 

J., information of (Popish plot), 

Mr., 17, 121, 127. 
Nathaniel, of Croydon, 30. 
Lanfranchi, Carlo, letter from, 211. 
Langborough Wapentake, co. York, 182- 

Langhatuna (Langathuna) Bobert de, 

Langhome, Mr., 139. 
Langres, 61. 
Languedoc, 206. 

Lansanaja, Odoardo, letter from, 237. 
Lanse, Justice, 121. 
Lapland, 209. 
La Rochelle, 206, 208. 
Lascells, — , 160. 
Lasswade, Less wade, 161. 
Latham, Henry, 114. 
Latimer, Latimore, Lord, (1679), 12, 13, 

Laud, John, letter ^m, 172. 
Lauderdale : 

(John Maitland), Duke of, 9, 55, 

67, 68. 
Duchess of, (1675), 101. 
Launceston, 22. 

Laurueter, lie Norman de, letter from, 

Lavecock of Egton : 

Thomas, 183. 

William, 183. 
Lawder, 161. 

Lawford, John, 141. 

Lawson, Henry, of Egton, 183. 

Layton, Sir ElU 55, 65. 

Leach, William, of Whenby, 184. 

Sir Francis, 247. 
Sir John, 190. 

letter from, 192. 

Lechmere, Mr., 36. 
L'Eclase. See Slays, 
j-ice * 

Mr., of Hatfield, 273. 
Sir Thomjis, 73, 99, 112, 117, 149. 
Leeds, 166. 

Leek, Leek, 164, 165, 167. 
Legasick, Henry, 38. 
Legonier, Sir J. See Ligonier. 
Legros, J., letter irom, 218. 
Leicester, 165. 

Leicester, Robert, Earl of, 207, 208, 211,. 
213, 224, 226. 

letters from, 210, 212. 

' letters to, 212, 213, 214, 

217, 218, 219, 221, 222, 223, 235.. 
Leicestershire, 21. 
Leighton, Monsr., 74, 89. 
Leipsie, tiie Court at, 199. 
Leith, 177. 
Lenthall, Mr., 269. 
Leon : 

Elias de, '* Drossart ** of Bergen-op*- 
Zoom, letter from, 233. 

letters to, 233, 234. 

Le Pompone, Mons. See Pompone,. 

Lesswade. See Lasswade. 
" Leuigatha," the road called, 205» 
Leuwarden, 242. 

letters dated at, 227. 
Leveson, Brigadier, his regiment, 32; 
Levison, Lewson : 
Francis, 14. 
Mr., 123, 125. 

Gower, Luson Goore, Sir John, 248.. 
Lewson Gowre, Mr., 15. 
Lew, Emmery de, letter from, 215. 
Lewach, Peter, 168. 

— , 18. 

Mr., 116, 272. 

of Sussex, 20. 

William, letter from, 25. 
Leyboum, W., secretary to Cardinal^ 
of Norfolk, 104. 

letters from, 100, 101,. 

102, 103, 104, 105. 
Ley den, letter dated at, 221. 
Libber y story of the, 10. 
Lichfield, 165, 173. 

Liddel, Sir Harry, 160. 

Lidell, William, of Thorpe, 181. 

Lieutenancy, the, 41. 

Ligonier, Sir J., 163, 165. 

-^ his regiment of horse, 166,. 
178, 176. 
Lillo, 216, 221, 222. 

letters dated at, 211, 215, 239. 
Lilly, — , 132. 

Lima, Don Jaime Mazonei de. See- 


Limerick, articles of, 160. 
Lincolii, 12, 200. 

Castle, 253. 

major of. See Brown, George, 

races, the Ladies' Plate at, 252. 

John, (1384), Bishop of, 205. 

Earl of, (1594), 242. 
Lincolnshire : 

draining of fens in, 244. 

lieutenant of soldiers in, 243. 

subscription for forces to be raised 
in (1745), 253. 
Lindsay, John, Earl of, order from, 5. 
liindseir * 

(Robert Bertie, Ist) Earl of, 245. 

— — — letters to, 245. 

Montagu Bertie, 2nd Carl of, letter 
from, 246. 

letters to, 245, 246. 

Bobert Bertie, 3rd Earl of, 247. 

letter to, 247. 

4th Earl, 1st Marquess of, 250. 

— — letter from, 249. 

letters to, 248, 249, 

250, 252. 

Countess of (c. 1693-1710), 248. 
letters to, 248, 249, 250, 

251, 252. 

Marquess of, (1735), 256. 

Lord, portrait of (in 1726), 255. 

— , goldsmith, 6. 

Thomas, letter from, 199. 
Lindsey coast, 248. 
Linlithgow (Lithgow), 176, 177. 
Linton, J., 254. 
Lisbon, 149, 190, 192, 193, 242. 

English College of secular priests 
in, 148, 149. 

English envoy at. See Delaval, 
Captain George. 

(English) officers at, 193. 
Lisle, 73. 

Lister, J., letter from, 162. 
Lithgow. See Linlithgow. 
Littleton : 

Sir Thomas, 20, 36, 276. 

letters to, 18, 19, 20, 21. 

Lady, 20. 
LiTerpool, 167. 
Lloyd : 

Dr., 13. 

Edward, 15. 

John, mayor of Bristol, 141. 

PhUip, 146. 

W., report of, (Popish plot), 154. 
Locharby, 161. 

Lochiel, Cameron of. See Cameron. 
Lock, Mr., 42. 
Locke ; 

J., letter from, 47. 

his cousin King, 47. 

Lockett, Mr., 167. 

Lockhart, Major, 177. 

Lod^, Miles, of Brompton, 185. 

Lodmgius, the licentiate, 233. 

Lodington, Mr., 160. 

Loftus, William, of Latons, 187. 

Lomas, Ralph, of Reeth, 181. 

Londesborough, letters dated at, 186. 
London, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15, 19, 21, 29, SO, 
33, 36, 40, 43, 48, 56, 57, 67, 74, 77, 
83, 84, 101, 118, 120, 121, 122, 128, 
124, 125, 129, 130, 133, 137, 144, 145, 
150, 151, 158, 163, 164, 166, 174, 175, 
176, 200, 206, 247, 256, 260, 261, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 267, 268, 269, 270, 277. 
letters dated at, 12, 19, 22, 23, 88, 
34, 36, 41, 42, 43, 187, 189, 191, 
193, 196, 197, 198, 201, 212, 244. 
citizens of, 42. 
city of, 5, 12, 13, 23, 24, 26, 32, 42, 

Lord Mayor of, 20, 24, 25, 27, 81, 

158, 159. 
Recorder of, 24, 47. 
the waits (waights) of, 258. 
London, places in and near : — 
Albemarle Street, 199. 
Aldermanbury, 140. 
Arundel House, 15. 
Arundel Street, 149, 151, 152, 

Barbican, 257, 258, 256, 260, 261. 
Bow, 14. 

Chancery Lane, 139. 
Charing Cross, 150. 

the Swan at, 260. 

Cheapside (Chepe), the "Black 

Swan " in, 258. 
** Cockpit,'' letters dated at, 4, 5. 
Cockpit Alley, 154. 
Covent Garden, 156. 

the "Cross Keys" in, 155, 


Theatre, 200. 

Cree Church. See St. Katharine 

Drapers Hall, 273. 

Drury Lane, 153, 158, 270, 377. 

Theatre, 200. 

Ducken Street in Arundel Build- 
ings, 153. 

Duke Street, 158. 

Falcon Court, Fleet Street, 149. 

Farr's Coffee House, 18. 

Fleet Prison, 47. 

Fleet Street, 22, 100. 

the Gratehouse, 127, 144. 

letter dated at, 25. 

Gerrard Street, 189. 

Gray's Lin Gate, 22. 

Hatton Garden, 32, 49. 

Holborn, 35, 156, 199. 

the " Five Cans " in, 155. 

the « Gridiron " in, 156. 

Inner Temple, letter dated at, 16. 

Leicester Fields, letter dated at, 

Lmcoln's Inn, Benchers of, 275. 

— church, 272. 

feast. Reader of. See Good- 
rick, Sir Francis. 

— — Fields, 189. 

Lindsey House, near the Parlia- 
ment Stairs, 247. 

Lombard Street, 189. 

301 ; 

London, places in and near — cont. 

Ludgate, 154. 

Marshalsea Prison, 114. 

Marylebone. Marybone, 272. 

the Maypole, 23. 

Middle Temple, 47. 

letters dated at, 34, 45. 

Mile End Green, letter dated at, 

Newgate, 15, 35, 117, 118, 123, 
154, 277. 

Old Bailey, 24. 

Fall MaU, 58, 64, 66. 

letters dated at, 200, 201. 

Russell Street, 155, 157, 270. 

Queen Street, 139. 

St. Andrew's, 270. 

St Katherine Cree, 276. 

St. Martin's, 272, 274. 

St. Pancras in the Fields, 10. 

the SaToy, 16. 

Scotland Yard Gate, 193. 

Somerset House, 157. 

porter of, 13. 

Southampton Square, 250. 

Spring Gardens, letters dated at, 
14, 17. 

the Strand, 127, 139. 

Temple, 12, 35, 37, 160. 

Temple Bar, 24. 

the Tower, 35, 114, 115, 127, 128, 
138, 144, 149, 150, 152, 154, 
158, 257. 

Vere Street, 139, 158. 

the " White Post " in, 156. 

the " Vine," Vine Street, 115. 

Wilde Street, 157. 

Wills's Coffee House, 193. 
London, Bishop of, 15. 
London News, the, 192. 
Longchamps, Abbey of the Cordeliers at, 

Longford, Lord, (1679), 18. 
Long Reach, 194, 195, 196. 
Lonsdale : 

(Sir John Lowther, q,v,), Viscount, 

letter from, 45. 
(Henry Lowther, Viscount), 162, 
Loo, Hans Van, letter from, 239. 
Lopez, Ruy, letter from, 208. 
Lord Mayor. See London, Lord Mayor 

Lords. See also Council. 

House of, 8, 23, 36, 40, 44, 45, 46, 
47, 48, 251. 

letter dated at, 36. 

Black Rod, the, 9, 138. 

King's Council in, 44. 

Speaker of, 47, 246. 

of the Committee of Examinations, 
14,16, 18, 21, 110,117,126, 130, 
134, 141, 145, 146. 
Justices, the. See Justices, 
trials, the, 17. 
trial, the counsel in, 117. 
Lord Treasurer. See Treasurer. 
Loretto, Shrine of our Lady of, 207. 

Lorges, Mr. de, 57. 
Lorraine : 

Duke of, 84. 

Prince of, 84. 
Loudon, Lord, (1745), 178. 
Loughborough, 168, 164. 
Lough Neagh, 197. 
Louvois, LouYoy, Mons., 55, 56, 58, 59, 

61, 92, 96. 
Lovelace, Lord (^temp, Charles II.), 28, 

Low Countries, Lieutenant Gorexnor in. 
See Willoughby, Peregrine Bertie, 

See Flanders. 
Lowson of Egton : 

John, 182. 

William, 182. 
Lowther, Sir John, of Lowther, letter 

from, 35. See also under Lonsdale. 
Lucas : 

Lord, (1745), letter from, 36. 

James, 168. 

Hodge, secretary to the Aloiud of 
Tangiers, 188. 
Lucy, Sampson, (Titus Oatcs). See 

Oates, Titus. 
Ludlow, 43. 
Lugo : 

Pedro de, 240. 

letters from, 239. 

Luneburg, letter dated at, 207. 

Luntlow, CO. Hereford, 24. 

Luson (? Leyison), Mr., 188. 

Luson Goore, Sir John. See Lerison 

Luttrell, Mr., 47. 
Luxembourg, 249. 

(Duke of), 93, 95. 
Luzancy, — , 79. 
Lyndon, — , 268. 
Lj-th, John, of Egton, 182. 
Lyth Wapentake, co. York, 185. 


M., — , letter from, 249. 
Mabb, William, letters to, 247. 
Macarty, Colonel Justin, 145. 
Macclesfield, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 

168, 169, 173. 
Mac Kerr, Lord. See Kerr, Lord Mark. 
Mackintosh, Lord, 179. 
Macklin : 

(Charles), 200, 202. 

Miss, 201. 
Madagascar, 7. 
Maddison : 

Mattison, — , 155, 156. 

J., 253. 

John, 253. 



Hugh, of Preston (Lancashire), 151. 

alias Townley alias Sands, Chris- 
topher, 150, 151. 

examinations of 

(Popish plot), 149, 151. 
Madrid, 232. 
Maertius, Maillart, letters from, 222, 

Maestricht, 91, 92, 95, 215. 
Mahon, 192. 
Mahoni, 188, 189. 
Maidstone, 82, 46. 
Mainwaring, — ,251. 
Maitland, Mr., 142. 
Maiden, 19, 
Malines, 222. 

Governor of. See Famars, Sieur 
Mallet, Mich., 9, 10. 
Mailing, the Ahbess of, 256. 
Maltbj, Thomas, master of the chantiy 

of Holy Trinity, Spilsby, 205. 
Malton, Lord, (1745), 174. 
Maltus of Marrick : 

John, 181. 

Thomas, 181. 
Maltus, Paul, of Dalton, 182. 
Man, — , 6. 

Manchester, 163, 166, 167, 168, 169, 
170, 173, 174, 175. 

letters dated at, 166, 173. 

house of correction, 169. 
Manchester, Earl of, (1672), 272. 
Manly, Thomas, 275. 

Manners : 

Lord George, 200. 
Lady Katherine, 248. 
Boger, 116. 

Mannington, Mr., 34. 

Mannok, George, 256. 

Manoel, Don, son of Antonio, King of 
Portugal. See under Portugal. 

Mans, 67. 

lodging for wounded English in, 241 . 

Mansell, Oolonel, 22. 

Mansfield, 164, 167. 
letter dated at, 163. 

Mansfield Woodhouse, letter dated at, 

Mantly, 161. 
Man waring, Justice, 19. 
Mar, Earl of, (1719), 194. 
Mardell in Shrewsbury, 147. 
Margate, 249. 
Mariners, English, 103. 
Markham, Sir Robert, 88, 91, 92, 93. 
Marlborough, John Churchill, Earl of, 
1» letters from, 31, 248. 
Marsfield, letter dated at, 164. 
Marshal : 

Earl. See Essex, Robert Devereux, 
2nd Earl of. 

Lord, 275. 

the Lord, of the forces in Flanders. 
See under Flanders. 

Marshall : 

J., 253. 

John, 24. 

Thomas, examination of, (Popish 
plot), 148. 
Marshall, my Lord, See Turenne. 
Martigues, Monsieor, 306. 
Martin, Captain, 221. 
Martini, Ambrose, letter from, 218. 

— , Auditor General of the States- 
General, 213. 
Marvell, Andrew, 8. 
Marwood, Robert, of Thornton Steward, 

Mary II., Queen : 

as Princess, 51 

as Queen, 32, 33, 249. 
Mary, Queen of S^ots : 

the death of, 212. 

portrait of, 255. 
Mary of Modena, Queen of James IL 

(previously Duchess of York, g.v.)^ 

Maryland, letters written from, 117, 
Mason, Robert, of Stokesley, 183. 
Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 160. 
Masset, Dr., 217. 
Masson, — , letter to, 172. 
Master of the Horse. iSfee Essex, 

Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of. 
Mathews, Mr., (Lord Petre*s prievt), 156. 
Matthews, Sir Philip, 13. 
Mattison, — . See Maddison. 
Mauloe, Thomas, 14. 
Maurice, Count of Nassau. See Nassau. 
Maurier, Sir Aubrey du, 187. 
Maurin, — , 60. 
Maw, J., 253. 
Mawson, Mr., 50. 

May, Mr., 13. 

Mayes : 

John, of Frjeridgenear Yami, 183. 

ofYarm, 179. 

Maynard, Mr. Sergeant, 117. 

Mayor, Thomas, of Lartington, 181. 
Mazaria : 

Duke of, 76, 77, 140. 

Duchess of, 73, 74, 77, 81, 86, 89. 
Mazones de Lima : 

Don Jaime, letter from, 199. 

letter to, 199. 

Meadows, Philip, letter from, 193. 

Meath, Bishop of, 197. 

Medenblick, 225, 228, 229, 230, 281, 

letters dated at, 230, 231. 

the inhabitants of, letter to, 281. 

minister of. See Ceporinus, John. 

letter from, 230. 

officers and soldiers of, letter to, 230. 
soldiers of, letter from, 280. 

Mediterranean, the, 34. 

Meeren, Van der, 215. 

Meeting Houses, the, 251. 

Meissen, 199. 


Ikfennill of Crathorne : 

Robert, senior, 183. 

junior, 184. 

Menyngesby. See Miningsbj. 

Mercer, John, of Ugthorpe, 182, 

Merchants, 6. 

Mercier, Mr., 52, 56. 

Mercoear, Duke, 208. 

Meres, Sir Thomas, 12, 115, 117. 

Meridan Heath, co. Warwick, 173. 

Merrifield, — , 17. 

Messenger, Mr., 154, 155, 156, 157. 

Messengers, the King's, 178. 

Messina, 82, 84, 85. 

Metcalfe : 

Anthony, of Wensley, 180. 

of Bedale, Anthony, 185. 

Kichard, 185. 

Meurs : 

Count de, letter from, 228. 

letters to, 230, 235. 

"Drossart" to the courtship of. 
See Boerkholt, William de. 
Meynell of Aldbrough : 

George, senior, 180. 

junior, 180. 

Meynell, Roger, of Kilvington, 179. 
Michell : 

John, 253. 

William, of Friskney, 205. 
Middelburg, 210, 212, 213. 

letters dated at, 209, 210, 211, 213, 
221, 228, 230, 231, 234, 235, 236, 
Middlemore, John, 254. 
Middlesex, 12. 
Middleton : 

Mrs., 275. 

Sir Thomas, 19. 
Midleton, Thomas, of Middleton, 184. 
MDbome, John, of Thornton Steward, 

Mildmay : 

Sir E., 19. 

Colonel, 19. 
Milford, letter dated at, 199. 
Milford, Sir John, letter to, 229. 
Milford Haven, 14. 
Militia, the, 23, 28, 32, 41, 141, 167, 192, 

Miller of Muker : 

James, 181. 

Simon, 181. 
Miller, Robert, murder of, 199. 
Millington, Mr., merchant, 6. 
Million Act, the, 250. 
Mills, Mr., 167. 
Milner, Ralph, of Arkengarthdale, 181. 

Miningsby, Menyngesby, 205. 

Ministers of State, the, 75. 

Mint, — Brattle, assay master of, the 

Miquemes, letters dated at, 189, 190. 

Mitchaell : 

Richard, letter from^ 11. 

R . . ., letter to, 11. 
Mitchell, William, of Ncwbrongh, 179. 

Mitten, Mr., 140. 
Modena : 

Duke of, 101. 

Duchess of, 50, 101, 102. 
Modie, — , grocer of London, 26U. 
Mohair imported from Turkey, 198. 
Mohun : 

Lord, (1672), 274, 275, 277. 

Lady, (1672), 274, 277. 
Moll, burgomaster of. See Sneyen, 

Molony, Dr., 142. 
Molyneux, Sir Charles, 171. 
Monbron, Mr. de, 92. 
Monck, Lawce., 253. 
Mondragon, Colonel, 215, 221, 222. 
Monfort, 131. 

Monk, General George. See Albemarl«. 
Monkesley, Joel, 158, 159. 
Monmouth : 

James, Duke of, 9, 12, 21, 28, 89, 
61, 118, 119, 123, 124, 127, 182, 
141, 144, 145, 147. 

his regiment, 9, 108. 

Charles Mordaunt, Earl of, 27. 
Monmouthshire, 19. 
Mons, 9, 84, 88, 117, 140. 

Samuel. See Kelly, Father. 
Monson, — , 253. 
Montagu, Monsr., 74, 89. 
Montague : 

Chief Baron, 11, 264 (Attorn^- 

Lord, (1674), 277. 

Duke of, (1745), his regiment of 
light horse, 166, 169, 178, 174, 

Ralph, 12, 13, 14. 
Montauban, 206. 
Montbeliard, 57. 
Montecuculi, Count and Marquis, 73, 

74, 79, 80, 81, 83. 
Montespan, Madame de, 109. 
Monthly Mercury, the, 249. 
Montrose, 177. 
Moon Lane, 11. 
Moor : 

Bryan, of Hartforth, 181. 

Thomas, of Angram, 179. 

Zachary, of Colthouse, 182. 
Moore : 

Greorge, letter from, 245. 

Sir John, letter from, 31. 

Mr., 157. 

a professor of philosophy in 

Graslin College, 142, 143. 
Moors, the, 188, 189. 
Mordsjit, Lady, 116. 
Mordaunt, Brigadier, 177. 
More, Mrs., 262. 

Colonel (Captain), 235, 237, 238. 

Lady, (1671), 262. 
Morice, Sir William, otder from, 5. 
Morocco, 189. 

Emperor of, 189, 190, 192.. 
Morosino, Captain, 232. 
Morpain, Mr., 88. 


Morpary, Mr., 87. 
Morpeth, 3. 

letters dated at, 3, 160, 161. 

election at, 190. 
Mortality, the bill of, 10. 
Mortlake, letter dated at, 200. 
Moonsey, — , the attorney, 45. 
Moy, Baptist, merchant, 209. 
Malton, Edward, 204. 
Munday, Edward, of Coinebrough, 184. 
Murch, Humphrey, 106. 
Moscovia Company, the, 195. 
Muscovites, the, 207. 
Muscovy, Prince of, 207. 
Mosgrave, John, of Witham, 181. 
Masters, Deputy Commissaries of, 3. 
Muys van Holy, Jacob. See Holy. 
Mydleburgh. See Middelburg. 


Naerdea, 228. 

letters dated at, 225, 228. 

the captains of, 224. 

the captains, officers, and soldiers 

of, letter to, 229. 
council of, 224. 

(Nuarden), the magistrates of, 
letter to, 231. 
Naples, 95, 248. 
Narborough, Sir John, 10, 12. 
Narva, 195. 
Nassau .* 

House of, 187. 

Count Maurice of, 218, 223, 236. 

letters from, 210, 211, 212, 

213, 215, 223, 224, 228, 231, 238. 
letters to, 224, 225, 228, 229, 


Count William Louis of, letter from, 
Navailles, Mr. de, 84. 
Navarre : 

King of (c. 1586-1588), 209. 

Ambassador from. See Fay, 

Monsieur du. 
Navy. See under Ships. 

Commissioners of the. See under 
Navy Office. See Admiralty Office. 
Nays (? Nais in Lorraine), 216. 
Neale, Mr., 80, 82. 
Needham : 

Richard, informer, 12, 16. 
Bichard, evidence of (Popish plot), 

Bichard, a doctor of physic, 126. 
Nelson, John, of Linton, 184. 
Nelthorpe : 

Griffith, 253. 
Sir Henry, 254. 
Nesham, William, of Upper Dinsdale, 

Nesifield, John, of Eskdaleside, 185. 
Netherlands : 

Lieutenant-General to, 208. 

Spanish, Gk>vemors of the, 107. 

the States of the, 208. 
Netterfield, — , 12. 
Nettcrville, — , 1 14, 115. 
Neuwenar : 

Adolf, Count of, 223, 235. 

letters from, 223, 227, 231, 

234, 235, 237, 238. 
Nevile, Chris., 254. 
Nevyll : 

Sir Edwafd, 256. 

Father, 150. 
Newcastle : 

Duke of (c. 1740-1748), 198, 199. 

H[enry], Duke of, letter from, 187. 

his daughter Albemarle. See 

Albemarle, Elizabeth, Duchess 
Newcastle ander Lyme, 1 65. 
Newcastle upon Tyne, 3, 161, 166, 171, 
172, 173, 174, 175, 193, 194, 198,200. 

letters dated at, 161, 177, 178. 

deed dated at, 205. 

Deputy Lieutenants for, 186. 

Becorder of, 201. 
New house, letter dated at, 31. 
Newington, 264. 
Newmarket, 28, 128. 
Newport, (Lord) (1678), 144. 
Newport Pagnell, manor, 262 bis, 
Ncwry, 197. 
News-letters, 207, 244. 
Newsham, 198. 

Newton, 121. 

North, 26. 
Nicholls, Miss, her marriage to Lord 

Carnarvon, 201. 
Nichols, the two Miss, 256. 

Nicolay, Amoult, President of the 

Council of Holland, letter to, 284. 
Nil, 235. 

Nimeguen, 74, 89, 95, 101, 

peace of, 9, 100. 
Niort, letter dated at, 206. 

Nismes in Languedoc, 206. 

Noel, William, 253. 

Noell, Mr., Lord Lieutenant of Hamp- 
shire, 21. 
Non-Jurors, 39. 

Nore, the, 194, 195, 196. 

Norfolk, Cardinal, 100, 101, 102, 104, 
105, 109, 132. 

Norfolk : 

Duke of (c. 1514-23), 256. 

(.temp, Charles II.), 157, 247. 

letters from, 45, 47. 

Normandy, 34. 

Norreys, Sir Henry, letter from, 206. 

Norris : 

Admiral Sir John, 194, 195. 

letters from, 195, 196. 

General, 213. 



— ,14. 

Fraucis, Lord Chief Justice, letter 
from, 24. 

George, 118, 121, 134. 
Northampton, 12. 
Northampton, William, Marquess of, 

144, 247. 
Northamptonshire, 12, 13, 14. 
North Britain, 194. 
Northern Counties, exercise and training 

of, 186. 
Northern Seas, the, 196. 
Northumherland, 186, 187, 193. 

Deputy Lieutenants for, 186. 

fee-farm rents in, 187. 

privy seals to, 186. 
Northumherland, Countess of, (1671) 
267, 268. * 

Norton, 171. 
Norwich, 42. 

letter dated at, 43. 

the Court at, 43. 

Castle, 6. 
Notthigham, 164. 

Nottingham, (Daniel Finch), Earl of, 
30, 248, 251. 

^ letters from, 29, 31, 32. 

Nottinghamshire, 125. 
Nuarden, See Naerden. 
Nuncio. See Pope's Nuncio. 
Nuremberg, 243. 
Nye, Mr., 262. 


Gates, letter dated at, 47. 
Gates : 

Otes, Titus, 14, 16, 22, 48, 114, 115, 
116, 120, 121, 129, 133, 148, 149, 
150, 151, 152, 153, 154. 

letters from, 21, 25. 

William, 253. 
Gath of allegiance and supremacy, 26, 

Gbel, Matthias de 1', letters from, 221. 

Lord, (1678), 10. 

Captain, 198. 

Dr., 142. 
Gdeschelechi, Cardinal, 105. 

Mr., 171. 

Robin, 10. 

Lord, (1745), 179. 

Lady, 174. 
Ogle, — , 187. 

General, 161, 165, 166, 169, 171, 
173, 174, 175. 

Mr., 58, 60. 
Olande, les Estate de. See Holland. 

E 64159. 

Old Sarum. See Sarom, Old. 

Olliffe, Balph, 141. 

Oporto, British merchants at, 192. 


Louise de Coligny, Princess of, 
letters from, 220, 221, 228. 

Princes of, 187. 

(William III., q.v.). Prince of, 26, 
51, 57, 76, 85, 87, 91, 96, 101. 

town of, 228. 
Oratorios (Oritorjs), 201. 
Orby, Oyreby, co. Line, manor of, 205. 
Ordnance, Commissioners and Lieut.- 

Gen. of, 5. 

Doke of, 80. 

Duchess of, 142. 

Duke of, (temp, Charles II.), 7, 16, 
128, 264, 273, 274. 

— his Beagle. See Vernon. 

James Butler, Duke of, (1719), 194. 

Samuel. See Kelly, Father. 
Orrery, Lord, (1671), 265. 
Osbom, Mr., 168. 

Sir Thomas, 267, 275. 

W., 117. 

W., informations of, (Popish plot), 
Ossory, Lord, (1677), 7. 
Ostend, 232, 233: 

letter dated at, 240. 
Oswestry, 148. 
Overtoynton, church of, 206. 

the States of, letter from, 229. 

letters to, 232, 233. 


his son Geoffrey, 205. 

Dr., 262, 264, 270. 

John, letter from, 289. 
Oxenford, Lord, of Scotland, (1678), 142. 
Oxford, 7, 44, 267,269: 

letters dated at, 246. 

circuit, the, 114. 

University, Exeter College, rector 
of, 36. 

— visitor of, 36. 

Exeter College case, the, 38. 

Magdalen College, 272, 277. 

Bishop of, (1671), 266, 267. 

the Earl of, (c. 1514-23), 256. 

the title of, 252. 
Oyreby. See Orby. 


P. (? Portsmouth), Duchess of, 12. 
P., mayor of, 25. 
P., Lord, 117. 
P., Sir P., 40, 41. 



Packer : 

Anthony, 190. 

lett<?r to, 190. 

Padden, Captain, 193. 

Paganell, Adcliza. See Gant, Rohert do. 

Page, John, letter from, 1C*5. 

Paham, J., :254. 

Painter, William, letter from. 30. 

Paiton, Sir Kobert, 12. 

Palermo, 95, 103. 

Palmer : 

Henry, 152. 

John. See Saunders, John. 

Marmaduke, of llutton l^onvil!, 179. 

Mr., 152. 

Robert. See Hiprgias. 
Palmers, the, 151. 
Palsgraves : 

the. See Frederick ^yoifgang. 

Head Tavern, the, 13S. 
Pamphlets, 21. 
Pancridge fair, 136. 
Panigarola, Francis, letter from, 241. 
Papacy, the, 104. 

Papists or Catholics, the, 12, 15, 16, 18, 
19, 23, 29, 49, 53, 66, 67, 68, 72, 73, 
74, 7J5, 76, 78, 79, 87, 94, 95, 98, 106, 

109, 110, 111, 112, 131, 133, 142, 143, 
144, 148, 149, 150, 154, 155, 156, 157, 
158, 187, 191,271. 

Papists convicted in Yorkshire, North 
Riding, (1710), return of, 179-185. 

Parasis, Commissary, 238. 

Pardon, a general, to persons convicted 
and transported in 1685, 160. 

Paris, 14, 50, 56, 74, 81, 87, 93, 98, 109, 

110, 111, 112, 121, 122, 124, 126, 131, 
132, 134, 141, 142, 143, 144, 145, 

letters dated at, 50, 51, 53, 54, 56, 
57, 60, 62, 64, 69, 70, 72-6, 77, 
78, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 110, 112, 
the Bastile, 81. 
Bois de Boulogne, 81. 
College of Dermont iu St. James' 

Street, 111. 
the Greve, 93. 
Church of Notre Dame, 93. 
nuncio at, 101. 
street of Quinquampois, 89. 
Rue St. Antoine, 98. 
Rue St. Antoine, the Silver Master 

in, 86. 
Rue St. Benoit, Faubourg St. 

Grermaine, 52, 56. 
surgeons of, 70, 71. 
Parke, Captain, 5. 
Parker, Colonel, 35. 
Parkot, Dr., 149. 

Parliament, 3, 9, 10, 11, 13, 20, 22, 23, 
26, 32, 38, 42, 49, 51, 53, 55, 59, 63, 
66, 67, 68, 74, 76, 82, 92, 06, 99, 107, 
109, 110, 114, 115, 116, 131, 133,138, 
141, 144, 145, 156, 196, 200, 246, 247, 
Acts of. See Acts. 
Clerk of the. See Browne, Mr. 

Parliament — cont. 

Committee of Privileges, 26. 

election of members, 7, 9, 11, 12,. 13,. 
14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 32, 33,. 
249, 250. 

prorogation of, 21. 

Speaker of. See under Commons. 
Parm, Edoart, 211. 

Duke CPrince) of, 208, 222, 232,. 
236, 238, 239, 240. 

letter from, 240. 

letter to, 239. 

Parrat, Monsieur, 241. 
Parry : 

Hugh, 277. 

Parey, Mr., 151, 152. 

Major Robert, 29. 

Mr., 120, 127. 
Parvin of Knagton: 

John, 179. 

Thomas, 179. 
Pary, Jenny, 71. 
Passaro, Cape, 193. 
Passman of Crathome: 

John, 184. 

William, 183. 
Paston, Wolston, 157, 158. 
Patouillet, Patouillier, Mr., 75, 87, 88,. 

90, 91. 
Pattison, Matthew, of Dalton, 182. ^ 
Pawlett, William; Recorder of Bristol,. 

letter from, 26. 
Payn, William, son of, 205. 
Peace, commission of the, 34. 
Peak, the, 168. 
Pearce, Su* Edward, 197. 
Pearl, Josh., 253. 
Pearson : 

George, of East Witton, 180. 

Henry, of Whitby, 185. 

William, of Latons, 181. 

of Stokesley, 183. 

Peart, Christopher, of Stokesley, 183. 
Peathwash, 161. 
Peck, John, 253. 
Pedley, — , 158: 

Sir Nic, 275. 
Peebles, 161. 
Peirson of Egton : 

Francis, senior, 182. 

junior, 182. 


E., 253. 

H., Secretary at War, letter from^ 

Pellam, Mr., his man George, 257. 

William, 242. 
Pembroke : 

Lord (1692), 32. 

Earl of, (1701), 189. 

Penington, Father, 116. 
Penn, W., letters from, 46, 47. 
Pennell, Shelley, 254. 
Pennyman, Jas., 253. 
Pennant, Hen., 253. 
Penrbyn, letter dated at, 24* 


Pcnrilh, 161, 167, 170, 171, 172, 174, 
175, 176: 

letters dated at, 162, 171. 
Perkin, Ralph, of CliflF, 181. 
Perpoint, Mr., 137. 
Perrey, Mr., 120, 125. 
Perryman, Arthur, letters from, 8. 
Perth. 177: 

Duke of, (1745), 171, 172, 174. 
Perye, Humphrey, letter from, 49. 
Pesarengis, Colonel Cosmo, letter from, 

Pcsly, Lady, (1671), 269. 

of East Witton, Henry, 180. 

William, 180. 

John, of Burton Constable, 180. 

(Henry Mordaunt), Earl of, 77, 80, 

Lady, (1671), 267, 268, 271. 
Peters : 

Edward, letter from, 113. 

Sir Francis, 116. 

his son, William, 116. 

Mr., 14, 122, 123, 124, 12.*?, 128, 
129, 131, 136, 138, 145, 150. 
Petersburg. See ^t. Petersburgh. 
Petit, Petitt, Mr., 44, 45. 
Petre, Peters, William, Lord, 17, 117, 
138, 139, 140, 152, 153, 156, 158. 

his priest. See Mathews, Mr. 

Petty jury. Papists in, 19. 

Sir R., 13. 

Lady, 256. 
Philip II., King of Spain. See under 

Philipsburgh, 93, 94. 
Phillipp, Mr., 133. 
Phillipps, Mr., 137. 

Phillips, Edward, mayor of Shrews- 
bury, 147. 
Phipps, Sir William, 160. 
Pibus, Christopher, of Knagton, 179. 
Picker sgill, William, of Swinton, 185. 
Pickering,—, 118, 121. 

his nephew North, 15. 
Pickering Wapentake, co. York, 185. 
Piddletown, Pittletoune, letter dated at, 

Pifron, — , 222. 

Piles, Captain, 206. 

Pillory, the, 22, 23, 38. 


John, 253. 

Robert, 254. 
Pinkney : 

John, of Nether Silton, 179. 

WiUiam, of Thirsk, 179. 
Pippard, Ignatius, 116. 

Pittletoune. See Piddletown. 

Pivot, Monsr., doctor of the SorfooD, 93. 

Plantations, Council of, 272. 

Piatt, Mr., 100. 

Player, Sir Thomaa, 13, 117. 

Playhouse, the King's, 270. 
Plays, 202: 

the Brothers, 201. 

Constantine, 200. 

the Englishman at Paris, 200, 201. 

the Fair Penitent, epilogue to, 202. 

the Gamester, 200. 

the Genii, 200. 

pantomimes, 200. 

the Sorcerer, 200. 
Pie, Sir J., 40, 41. 
Plenipotentiaries, the, 84, 98. 
Plot. See Popish Plot. 
Plough Yard, letter dated at, 33. 
Plymouth, 11,24,48. 

letters dated at, 7, 17, 26. 

mayor and aldermen of, 48. 

town clerk of, 46. 

town of, V. Strode, case o^ 6. 
Plympton, 6, 10, 11, 12, 13, 19, 21, 22. 

letter dated at, 1 7.]| 

mayor of, 6.' 
Poelgeest, Monsieur, 227. 
Poland, 97, 207. 

King of, 199. 
Polletts, John, 125. 
Pollexfen : 

Edmund, 7, 12. 

Henry, afterwards Sir Henry, Lord 
Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, 26, 31. 

— letter from, 12. 

John, letters from, 12, 19, 22, 83^ 
25, 32, 47. 

his cousin Hum, 19. 

—^ his cousin (Martyn) Byder. 

See Ryder, Martyn. 
Mr., 22. 
Pollock, Colonel Francis, 199. 
Pompone, Le Pompone, Mons., 50, 51, 
53, 56, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 66, 96, 107. 
Ponthieu : 

— de, letter from, 112. 
Dr., 111. 

Pontoise, 112. 
Pontrill : 

John, 146, 147. 

William, 146, 147. 
Pool, Sir John, 38. 
Poole : 

Mr., 145, 147. 

of Spinkhill, 125. 

Pone * 

the, 132, 137, 142, 146, 207. 

(Clement X,), 49, 50, 74, 83, 

100, 101, 102, 103, 106, 109, 110. 

(Innocent XI.), 16, 76, 95, 

105, 118, 122. 
Popery, 2, 16, 18„26, 141, 263. 
Pope's : 

Nuncio, the, 14, 50, 101, 106. 

revenue, the, 133. 

plot, the, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 2S. 

— — — letters, depositions, &c. relat-^ 
ing to, 49-159. 

Recusants. See Recusants. 

U 2 


Portland, 28. 

Portland, (William Bentinck, Duke oO» 

41, 42. 
Portman, Sir William, 13. 
Portsmouth, 32, 83, 265. 
voyage the, 21. 

Portsmouth, Duchess of, 10, 20, 73, 74, 

Portugal, 5, 14, 101, 148, 191. 

book of rates, the, 193. 

Brazil fleet of, 192. 

East India fleet of, 192. 

the expedition to, (1589), 240. 

Antonio, King of, letter from, 211. 

his son Don Manoel,211. 

(John v.). King of, 191, 192. 

letter to, 192. 

Prince and Princess of, 101. 
Portuguese dominions in America, 191. 
Potter, John, letter to, 197. 

Poudre, Guillaume de, bailiff, letter from, 

Pooltenej, Sir W., 13. 
Powderhill, Mr., 126. 

Powell : 

Powall, (Sir John), 40, 43. 

Henry, 116. 

Powle, Mr., 12, 13, 20, 117. 
Power : 

Poor, Lord, (1671), 262, 274, 275. 

John. See under Anglesey. 
Powis : 

Powys, Baron Littleton, letters 
from, 88, 42, 43, 44, 46. 

Earl of, (1679), 15, 138,140, 

148, 157, 158, 159. 

Lady, (1679), 15. 

Sir Thomas, 251. 

Castle, 15. 

Powys House, 37. 
PownaU, T., 254. 
Powney, — , 20. 
Pragmaticas (of Portugal), the, 193. 

Prance, Miles, 14, 15, 16, 154, 155. 

examinations of, (Popish 

plot), 155-158. 


Lady, (1672), 275. 
Mr., 44, 48. 
Prenestain, Don Felipe, Ambassador 

from the Emperor, letter from, 207. 
Presbyterian pulpits, epigram concerning 

the burning of, 251. 
Presbyterians, the, 131. 
Preston, 152, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 

174, 175, 176. 
Preston : 

Lord, (1691), 30. 
Edward, 134. 
Prestonpans, 160. 
Preswick, Edward, 117. 
Phstender, the Young. See Charles 

JWce : 

Mr,, 18. 

Prideaux : 

—, 13. 

Sir Peter, 38. 
Prince, the, 9, 219, 821. 

See also Orange, Prince of. James, 
the Old Pretender. 
Privileges, Committee of. See under 

Privy Council : 

(Council), 12, 13, 14, 18, 21, 22, 
29, 31, 33, 35, 132, 133, 134, 154, 
248, 263, 264, 265, 267, 268, 269, 
270, 271, 272. 273, 274, 276, 277. 

Clerk of, 117, 135. 

Committee of Council, 31, 135. 

the Lords of the, 208, 241. 

letter from, 242. 

letter to, 241. 

Privy Councillors, 21. 

of Lreland. See under Ireland. 
Privy Seal : 

Clerks of the, 275. 

Lord, 267, 274, 275. 
Proclamation, a, 31. 
Proninck, Gerard. • See Deventer. 
Prosser, Benedict, 155, 156. 
Protector, Lord. See Cromwell, Oliver, 

Lord Protector. 
Protestant : 

officers for the militia, 2^ 

religion, the, 21, 23, 1^4, 156. 
Protestants : 

French, at Miquemes, petitions of, 
189, 190. 

the, 67,68, 75, 199. 
Prussia, King of, chaplain to. See 

Jablouski, Daniel. 
Puckeridge, 260. 
Puckering, — , 97. 
Puleberge, William de, 204. 
Pulteney, John, letter from, 29. 
Pultey, Thomas, 159. 
Purbeck, Viscount, (1678), 8. 
Putney, 59. 
Puy, Puis, Mr. de or du, 8 


Queen. See Elizabeth. Catherine of 

Portugal. Mary II. Anne. 
Queenborough, 18. 
Quesnoy, 84. 


Bachdale. See Bochdale. 
Badnor, (Lord), (1680), 28. 
Kainby, inyentory of goods at, 256. 


Balph (Badulfus), Ralph (Badulfas), 

son of, 204. 
Bamekins, 210. 

Ramsden» Sir J., letter from, 162. 
Kancj, -Captain James de, 224, 228, 

letter from, 225. 

letter to, 227. 

Kanelagh, Banlugh : 

Lord, (1671), 264, 275. 
Lady, (1671), 263. 
RatcliflFe, Mr., 138. 
Raven, — , letter from, 173. 
Ravensworth, Lord, (1753), 201. 
Raw of Egton : 
Israel, 182. 
[Matthew, 183. 
Michael, 183. 
Read : 

Captain, 201. 

Sir William, Governor of Bergen- 
op-Zoom, 223. 

letters to, 224, 229. 

Reading circuit, the, 114. 
RebeUion, the, (1745), 253. 
Rebels, (the Pretender's army), the, 
160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 168, 
169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 
177, 178. 
Recorder. See London, Recorder of. 
Recusancy, ludictment of, against Duke 

of York, 24. 
Recusants, 2. 
Redcastle, 148, 159. 
Redp^rave, co. Suffolk, 251. 
Reding, Ma., 138. 
Ree, Isle of. See Rhe. 
Reed, Sir William. See Read. 
Rtjepe : 

John, 17. 

letter from, 17. 

Regiments, 108, 167, 173. 
Irish. See Irish. 
Georgia Rangers, 172. 
Royal Yorkshire Hunters, 161, 165, 

169, 172, 173. 
Scotcli. See Scotch. 
Yorkshire Blues, 175. 
Yorkshire Rangers, 174, 175. 
See under Albemarle. Bland. Cam- 
field. Cloberye. Cobham. Cum- 
berland. Fauconberge. Godfrey. 
Guards. Howard. Kerr. King- 
ston. Knight. Leveson. Ligonier. 
Monmouth. Montague. St. 
George. VVade. Willoughby. 
Relf, Mr., 149. 

Religion, laws established for, 23. 
Renaldo, Prince. See Rinaldo. 
Reresby, John, 98. 
Resident, the, 50. 
Retford, 165. 
Revel, 195. 
Revell, Henry, 253. 
Reverseaux, — de, letter from, 202. 
Reymersveale, 215. 
Rey nell. Sir Richard, 31. 
Reynold, Ralph, of St Mary Gate, 184. 

Reynolds : 
C, 253. 

Sir Joshua, receipt for portraits, 
Beynoldson : 

George, of Bainbridge, 179. 
John, of Leybum, 180. 
Bhe, Bee, Isle of, 32, S3. 
Bhenen, 235. 
Bhine, the, 53, 54, 57, 62. 
Bibble Bridge (near Preston), 167, 168. 
Richardson : 

Anthony, of Kirkby Ravensworth, 

Captain, 154. 
John, letters from, 18, 20. 
Thomas, 147. 
Biches, Thomas, of Thurgarton, the, in- 
formation of, (Popish plot), 159. 
Bichmond : 

CO. York, 172. 

the manor of, letter dated at, 241. 
Bichmond, Duke of, his funeral, (1673), 

Bichmond and Lennox, Duke of, (164&}, 

letter from, 246. 
Bider, — , a joiner, 127. 
Bidley : 

Matthew, letter to, 1 97'. 
Mr., a surgeon, 157. 
Biga, 195. 

Bigdon, William, 242. 
Binaldo, Rinaldi, Renaldo, Prince, 101, 

102, 103, 105. 
Ringrave, Count, 206. 
Ripon, 172. 

Risdon, — , a Papist near Totness, 28- 
Rislip, 276. 
Riswick, — ,214. 
Roach, Miss, 202. 
Roan, 67. 

Roberts, Sir W., 13. 
Robertson, James, letter from, 191.. 
Robinson : 

of Wensley, Charles, 180. 

John, 180. 

John, 253. 

of Bedale, 185. 

of Egion, 183. 

of Wigginton, 184. 

Su: John, 144, 145. 
Mr., 150. 

a grocer, 168. 

Nathaniel, 253. 
Wimam,of Reeth, 181. 
Rochdale, Bachdale, 174. 
K oche. Monsieur la, 220. 
Bochester, Lord, (1674), 277. 
Boels, the Pensionary, Secretary to lbs 

States of Zealand, letter from, 234. 
Bohan, Mr. de, 50. 
Bokeby, Mr. Justice, 40. 
Bolle, Samuel, letter from, 46. 
Bolls : 

Master of the, 275. 
Mastership of the, 271. 
Bolls, Sir Francis, 21. 
Bolt, Samuel, 253. 


Roman Catholics. See Papists. 
Rome, 16, 50, 74, 75, 86, 90, 100, 102, 
103, 110, 117, 122, 132, 183, 207. 

letters dated at, 100, 101, 102, 103, 
104, 105. 
Romish religion, the. See Catholic. 
Rooksby, Lord, (1693), 34. 
Roo8 : 

Lord, (1674), 277. 

William, Lord of Ilehmesley. See 
Rope dancers, 200. 
Roper, Rooper, — , 127, 138. 
Ros, Nicholas de, 204. 
Rose, Mr., 258. 
Rospigliosi, — , 101. 
Rosse, Captain, 273. 
Rothes, Earl of. Chancellor of Scotland, 

Rothurl, Mr., 45. 
Rotterdam, 224. 
Rouckless of Skewsby : 

Michael, 185. 

William, 1 85. 
Rous, George, letter from, 245. 
Rowland, the messenger, 266. 
Rowley, Admiral, 163. 
Rowtless, William, of Thornton le Street, 

Royal Society, 35, 36. 
Ryal warrant. See Warrants. 
Royston, 260. 
Rudgely, 125. 
Rudsdell, Jonan, 253. 
Ruiter, — de, 85. 
Rushworth, Jolin, letter from, 18. 

Russell : 

Lord, (1679), 12,21. 

Admiral, 35. 

letter from, 41. 

— , 115. 

H., letter from, 175. 
Russia, 209. 
Ruthome, — ,273. 
Rutland : 

(John Manners, 9th Earl of), 248. 

Lady, (1671), her death, 261. 
Rutter, Mr., 140. 
Ruvigny : 

Mons., 55, 56, 59, 63, 64, 66, 67, 72, 
74, 75, 76, 78, 79, 80, 82, 86, 89, 
91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 107, 
111, 112. 

his brother the Abbot, 72. 

— his brother-in-law, 78. 

. his son, 94. 

his confessor, 76, 97. 

his secretary, 72, 78, 88, 95, 

97, 98. 

Madame de, 79, 95, 111. 
Rydale Wapentake, co. York, 185. 
Ryder, Martyn, 19. 

letters from, 6, 45, 48, 49. 

Rye, 50. 


S. : 

D., 109. 

Sir E., 34. 
SacheverelJ, Seechivrell : 

Mr., 12, 13, 117. 

Dr., 250, 251. 
Sacrament and Oath. See Acts. 
St. Albans, 272. 

St. Albans, Lord, (1671), 264, 271, 273. 
St. Bartholomew : 

Fair of, 206. 

Massacre of, 207. 
St. Chilian, 95. 
St. Clair, Dr., 35. 
St. David's, Bishop of, 48. 
St. George, — , his regiment of dragoons, 

169, 174, 175. 
St. Germaine : 

Monsieur, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 
79, 80, 81, 82, 83, .85, 86, 87, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 

letters from, 72-76, 78,79, 80, 

81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 

91, 92, 93, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 107. 

St. Germains, St. Jermains, 50, 53, 60, 

St. GhUain, 84. 

St. James*. See under Westminster. 
St. Jean d*Angeli, town of, 206. 
St. John, Lord, (1671), 6, 269. 
Saint Laurent, — , 228. 
St. Louis, the Man of, 80. 
St. Malo, 32. 
St. Ninian's Church, near Stirling, 176, 

St. Omer (St. Omers), 113, 114, 115, 
116, 119, 121, 124, 126, 129, 131, 132, 
134, 136, 149, 150, 151, 1.52. 

College of English Jesuits at, 149, 

Superior of Jesuit College at. See 
Stapleton, Thomas. 

Youths, the, 22. 
St. Petersburg, 195. 
St. Pole, Sir George, 242. 
St. Prery, Marquis de, 62. 
St. Valery, 50. 
St. Vincent, cape, 196. 
St. Winnifred's Well, 2. 
Salgado, James, letters from, 114, 115. 
Salisbury, 11,29. 

letters dated at, 29, 32. 

Gilbert Burnet, Bishop of, letter 
from, 29. 

Chancellor of diocese of. See 
Woodward, Dr. 

Dean of. See Bridlook, Dr. 

Justices of, 46. 
Salisbury : 

Lady, (c. 1514-28), 256. 

Earl of, (1679), 158, 275. 

Lord, (1694), letter from, 85. 

Captain, 221, 225. 
Salisbury House, 35. 


Salkeld, Doctor, 166. 

Sallee, Scilly, rovers of, 192. 

Salop. See Shrewsbury. 

Salter, Samuel, 253. 

Salvin, William, of Easingwold, 184. 

Sampson, Thomas, of Kilvington, 179. 

Sandbeck, letter dated at, 165. 

Sandbich, John, 133. 

Sandon, — , 259. 

Sands, Christopher. See Madgworth, 

Sandwich, Earl of, his funeral, (1672), 

Sarra^ossa, 211. 

letter dated at, 209. 
Sarsfield, — , 16. 
Sarum, Old, 19. 

Saunders alias Fall altos Palmer, John, 
139, 149. 

examination of, (Popish plot), 

Savil, Mr., 12. 
Savoy, 41. 

Duke of, (1590), letter to, 241. 

Secretary to. See Atrech. 

Grand Chancellor of, letter to, 209. 
Saw, Edward, 254. 
Sawbridgt', John, 137. 
Sawyer, Sir Kobort, 32 (Sir R.), 73. 

letters from, 24. 

Saxony, 199. 

John, of Castle Leavington, 184. 

of liudbv, Albany 184. 

- — Uugh, 184. 

John, 184. 

Thomas, 184. 

Scarbrough, Lord, (1745), 253. 

Scardeburgh, IJobert de, prior of Brid- 
lington, 205. 
Schard, Mr., 150. 
Schenck, Colonel, 216, 231, 237. 
Schomberg, (Count oO> 95. 

Scilly. See Sallee. 

Scole, Daniel, 32. 

Scortreth, Wm., 254. 

Scotch : 

the. See Scotland. 

coast, the, 211. 

rebels in North Carolina, 199. 

regiments, 4, 9. 

seminarists at Paris, 141. 

Scotelthorp, Kalph Ccment&rios de, 205. 


(and the Scots), 123, 182, 138, 141, 

142, 159, 166, 172, 173, 174,175, 

176, 177, 186. 
Chancellor of. See Bothes, Earl of. 
Constable of. See Buchan and 

Murrey, Earl of. 
Mary, Queen of. See Mary, 
officers going to, 3. 

Scott, John, (if Whenby, 184. 

Screinbi, Peter de, 204. 

Scroggs, Chief Justice, 20. 


Lord, {temp. Charles IL), 247. 
of Thornton Steward, Christopher, 

Simon, 180. 


Ger., 253. 
Thomas, 253. 
Scroph, Ralph, 205. 
Seaford, J., 253. 
Seaton Delaval, 186, 200, 201, 202. 

expenses attending the play at, 202. 
Secrecy, Committee of, 17, 138. 
Secretary : 

the Queen's Principal. Sec Wal- 

singliam. Sir Francis, 
uf State, the, 144, 208. 
Seechivrell. See Sacheverell. 
Seilliard, Seliere, Mrs., 151, 152. 
Selby, Sir George, letter to, 186. 
Seliere, Mrs. See Seilliard, Mrs. 
Seller, AVm., 253. 
Serjant, Mr., 51. 
Sesaite, Mons. de, 99. 
Sevenbergh, 217. 
Se\'ill, — , 117. 

Sewers, Commissioners oi, on the north- 
east side of the River Witham, co. 
Line, letter to, 244. 
Seymour, — , 117. 

Shaeu, Sir James, secretary to the 
Commission for Lands in Irtflund, 268, 
Seymour, Lady, (1671), 203. 
Shaftesbury, (Anthony Ashlev Cooper), 
Earl of, 22, 23, 114, 115,* 164, 155, 
156, 158, 273, 274. 
Shales, Cai>tain, 10. 
Shap, CO. Westmoreland, 171, 175, 170. 
Sharp,, Archbishop or York. See 

York. Archbishop of. 
Shaw : 

Robert, of Newsham, 180, 185. 
Thomas, 254 bis. 

of I^on, 183. 

Sheerness, 274. 
Sheffield, 167, 171. 

letters dated at, 163, 172. 
Sheffield, Lord, (Jtemp, Charles II.), 247. 
Sheldeu, Sheldon, Father, 74, 98, 111. 
Sheldon : 

Sir Joseph, 13. 

Mr., 80, 84, 86, 88, 103. 

the Almoner, 154. 

Sherboume, Mr., 145, 146, 147. 

Sheriffs, 27. 
Sherlock, Dr., 160. 

letter from, 87. 

Shields, 160. 

Shippie, Mr., a priest, 146. 

Ships named : 

Bideford, 194. 
BiervUet, 223. 
Boyne, 188. 
Coventry, 188. 
Garland, 190. 
GibraUar, 177. 


Ships named — conL 

Golden FleecCy 8. 

Gosport, 193, 194, 195, 196. 

-^— couimaiider of the. See 
Delaval, Captain Francis Blake. 

Hazard, sloop of war, 177. 

Lark, 8. 

Leopard t 190. 

Medway, 188, 189. 

Pembroke, 190. 

Banelagh, flagship, 190. 

Roebuck, 190. 

Royal Anv, 192. 

commaDder of. See Trevor, 


Ruby, 193. 

Samuel, merchantman, 193. 

Success f storeship, 193. 

Tilbury, 189, 190. 

Worcester, 196. 

commander of the. See 

Delaval, Captain Francis Blake. 
Ships not named : 

flat-bottomed boats launched at 
Antwerp, 222. 

the Brazil fleets, 190. 

the Brussels fleet, 218. 

the enemy's fleet, 219. 

English fleet in the Mediterranean, 
34, 188. 

English ships taken, 11. 

to liiissdia, 195. 

Count d'Estree's squadron, 248. 

fleets, eni!^ao;ement of the, 271. 

boats to sail to Flushing, 210. 

merchantmen seized by an English 
man-of-war, 242. 

merchant ships for Riga, 195. 

lloval Xavv, (fleet), 28, 32, 33, 35, 
41,42, 193, 194, 195,218. 

the Spanish Armada, (1693), 248. 

ships fitted out by the States 
General, 227. 

the transport ships, 32. 

the Turkey fleet, 10. 

the "Woolwich frigate, 8. 
Shirley, — , 123. 
Short, Dr., 139. 
Shovel, Sir Cloudesley, 35. 
Showers, Sir B., his brother, 40. 
Shrewsbury, 42, 147. 

(Salop), letter dated at, 148. 

the Green Dragon in, 148. 

mayor of, 148. 

mayor of. See Phillips, Edward. 
Shrewsbury : 

Charles Talbot, Earl of, 27, 37, 

Lady, (1674), 51. 
Sibthorp, — ,251. 

Sidenham, Sir William. 5ee Sydenham. 
Sidney. See Sydney. 
Sieur, Etienne Le, 229. 

letter to, 227. 

Simmons : 

Sir James. See Simons. 

Mr., 123. 
Simns, Mr., 171. 

Simons, Simmons, Symonds, Sir James, 

123, 127, 128, 129, 131, 186. 
Simpson : 

Christopher, of Grathland, 185. 

William, of Yarm, 183. 
Singleton, Mr., a priest, 156, 157. 
Sissell (? Cecil), Mistress, 257. 
Sisto, S., 104. 
Slator, Lionel, of Yarm, 183. 

Slaves. See under Turkish. 

Sleaford, 247, 248. 

Sluys, 220, 223 (L'Ecluze). 

Smadale, co. Salop, 159. 

Smauley, Mrs., 147. 

Smith : 

Aaron, 30. 

Alderman Erasmus, 262. 

John, 254. 

of Oulston, 179. 

Joshua, of Yarm, 183. 

of Egton, Richard, 183. 

William, 183. 

Thomas, of Tirrington, 185. 

Weston John, 254. 
Smithson of Newsham : 

Robert, 180. 

William, 185. 
Smyrna fleet, the Dutch. See Dutch. 
Snawdon : 

Francis, of Commondale, 182. 

John, of Westerdale, 182. 

of Ugtliorpe, Michael, 182. 

Paul, 182. 

William, of Egton, 183. 

Sneyers, Jacob, burgomaster of Moll, 

Bales, and Dessel, 210. 
Society, the. See Royal Society. 

Soissons, Captain de, letter from, 228. 

letter to, 229. 

Soldiers (^see also Army), 10, 24, 219, 
225, 231,235,237. 

arquebusiers, 235. 

deserters, 3. 

Dutch, 239. 

English, in France, 241. 

in the Netherlands, 218, 219, 

222, 224, 227, 228, 229, 230, 233, 
236, 238, 239. 

German, 206. 

gimners for Bergen-op-Zoom, 239. 

lieutenant of, in Lincolnshire, 243. 

musters, 240, 256. , 

provisions for, 246. 

sent by the States-General, 236. 
Solicitor-General, the, 24, 30 (Mr. So- 
licitor), 31 (Mr. Solicitor), 201. 
Solmes, Count, 222, 237. 

Somers, John, Lord Keeper, afterwards 
Lord Chancellor, 48. 

letters from, 30, 36, 37, 43, 44, 

45, 47, 48. 
Somerset: ' 

(Charles Seymour, Oth) Dake of, 

Duchess of, (1672), 275. 
Somersetshire, 26. 


Sonoy, Colonel, 224, 225, 226, 228, 239. 

letter from, 228. 

letter to, 280. 

Southall, William, 14, 15. 
Southampton, 10. 
Southampton, Duchess of, 105. 
Southwark, 30. 

inventory of plate at, 254. 
Southwell, Sir Robert, 128, 135. 

letters from, 14, 17, 18. 

Spain, 52, 74, 101, 104, 106, 108, 208. 

fleet of, 14, 9.5, 103, 193, 194, 248 

(Philip IL)t King of, 207, 208, 209, 

(PhUip v.). King of, 196. 

letter to, 196. 

Queen of, 43. 
Spaniards, the, 8, 95, 194, 209, 233. 
Spanish fleet, the. See under Spain. 
Spar, Joseph, 147. 
Spartel, Cape, 190. 
Speed, George, of Bransby in Stearsby, 

Spele, 210. 
Spencer : 

Tertius, letters from, 189, 190. 

Sir Tho., 266. 
Spenser, Henry. See Arundel. 
Spepinga. See Steeping. 
Spilsby, 205. 

chantry of the Holy Tiinity, 205. 

master of the. See Hardegray, 

William. Maltby, Thomas. 

chapel of, 206. 
Spithead, 35. 
Spridlestone, 11. 

Spry, George, letter from, 26. 
Squib, Mr., 277. 

Stafford, 19, 49, 121, 122, 129. 

letters dated at, 29, 49. 

gaol of, 132, 133, 134, 167. 

mayor of, 134. 

sheriff of, 49. 
Stafford, Lord, (1679), 14, 15, 17, 117, 
118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 128, 131, 132, 

133, 136, 138. 

his cousin Mr. Howard, 148. 

Staffordshire, 121, 127, 130, 132, 133, 

134, 151. 

clerk of the peace for. See Forster, 
Stair,Earlof, (1745), 160. 
Staley, — , 155, 156, 
Stamford, 13, 248, 249, 250. 
Standon, 120, 127. 

Stanesand, 223. 

Stangbow, William, of Ugthorpe, 182. 

Stanley : 

Sir Thomas, 35. 

Sir William, 220. 

letter to, 239. 

Stanner, Charles, 116. 

Stapleton : 

— , PresideLt of the BenedictincB, 

Stapleton — cont. 
Mr., 151, 152. 

Thomas, rector of St. Omer, 117, 
150, 151, 152. 
Star Chamber, speech of Lord Keeper 
Coventry at the, 2. 

Starkey : 

Mr., 18, 20. 

bookseller, 24. 

Start, the, 32. 

States, the. See Netherlands. 
States-General, the, 217, 218, 223, 224, 
232, 233, 234, 235, 240. 

letters from, 209, 212,218, 222,226, 

letters to, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 
231, 233, 235, 240. 

Auditor General of. See Martini. 

See Holland. 
Statham, Mr., 167. 
Staveley of East Witton : 

Edward, 180. 

John, 180. 

William, 180. 

William, junior, 180. 
Stavenesbi, Ralph (Radulfus) de, 204. 
Staveren, 242. 
Steeping, Spepinga, deeds granting lands 

in, 204. 
Steinach, Landschade von. See Land- 

Stephenson, William, of Barnby, 183. 
Steping. See Steeping. 
Sterling, Lord, (1678), 9. 
Stevens, Tho., 141. 

Stevenson : 

Elizabeth, 134. 

Mary, 134. 
Still, — , 35. 
Stillingfleet, Dr., 270. 
Stilton, 260. 
Stirling, 166, 173, 177, 178. 

Castle, 178. 

the principal gunner of, 178. 

Stockholm, 195. 
Stockport, 168. 

Bridge, 163. 
Stockport, Joseph, 168. 
Stoke, 265. 
Stokenchurch, 267. 
Stone, 49. 

Stone, Andrew, 201. 
Stoner, Mr., 158. 

Stores, the King*s. See King's stores. 
Storm, G., 253. 
Stow, George, 254. 
Strachallan, Lord, (1746), 179. 
Stracher, Christopher, of Middleham, 

Strafford, Earl of, 18. 
Straker, Matthew, of "Middleham, 180. . 
Strange, Mr., 74, 75, 84, 90, 91. 
Strangford, Viscount, (1746), letters 

from, 198. 
Strasbourg, 62. 
Strathmore, Earl of, 202. 
Streat, Robert, 284. 


Stringer, Sir Thomas, 117. 189, 140, 


case of Pl^Tnouth v. See Plymouth. 

R., 12. 
Stukeley, Adlard Sq., 254. 
Sturbridge, 260. 

Jurdon, of Farlington, 185. 

Thomas, of Whenby, 184. 
Succession, the, 23. 
Sudbury, the College of St. Gregory in, 

Suffolk, 152. 

Katherine, Duchess of, 205, 207. 

letter to, 206. 

— household accounts of, 256- 

inventory of apparel, &c. be- 

longing to, 255. 

(Henry Brandon, 5th) Duke of, 

— horses, &c. belonging to, 254. 
Suggitt, Robert, of Danby, 182. 
Suigo, Thomas, 240. 

letters from, 339. 

letter to, 239. 

Suls, David, 258. 
Sunderland, 194. 

Road, 195. 
Sunderland, Lord, (1678), 10, 13. 
Surrey, 18. 
Surveyor General, the King's Engineer 

and, 197. 
Sussex, assizes of, 45. 
Sussex, Thomas, Earl of, 207. 
Sutton, Thomas, 154, 158, 159. 
Sutton in Scarsdale, 125. 
Swale, Philip, letters from, 247. 
SiFanton, Thomas, letters from, 196. 
Swarston Bridge, 163, 165. 
"Sweden : 

(Swead) and the Sweeds, 53, 63, 79, 
95, 195. 

Queen of, 100. 
Swedish : 

man-of-war, a, 35. 

Resident, the, 275. 
Swinstead : 

House, inventory of goods at, 255. 

inventory of household furniture at, 

Swinsteda, Lambert, son of Godwin de, 

Swiss, Sweeces, the, 108. 

Swordbearer, the, 31. 

Sydenham : 

Sir Edward, 275. 

Sir William, 247. 
Sydney : 

Lord, (1691), 29. 

■ letter from, 29. 

Colonel Algernon, 18, 19. 

Sir Philip, 208. 

letter from, 210. 

Syllyard, Sir John, 247. 

Symonds : 

— , a Jesuit, 128. 

Sir James. See Simons. 
Syracuse, 193. 


Tacking, 23. 
Tailbourg, 206. 
Tainca, 204. 
Talbot : 

—, 115. 

Colonel Richard, 58, 142, 143. 

his brother Peter. See Dublin, 

Archbishop of. 
Talbots : 

(Richard and Peter), the, 143, 144, 

the charge against, 142. 

Talbott, Mr., of Longford, 158. 
Tangiers (Tangier), 23, 188, 189, 190. 

the Alcaid of, 187, 188, 190. 

his secretary. See Lucas, 


Commission, the, 276. 
Tantivy men, the, 41. 
Tapsford, J. V., 253. 
Tarboy, Joseph, 134. 
Tartercau, Monsieur, 81. 
Tas., Hen., 116. 
Tattenhall, inventory of bedding, &c. at, 

Tattershall, Tateshale, 205. 
Taunton, 13. 

letter dated at, 22. 
Tavernes, letter dated at, 206. 
Tavistock, 33. 

letter dated at, 48. 
Taylor : 

Anthony, 254. 

of Moorsholme, John, 182. 

Thomas, senior, 182. 

, junior, 182. 

Mrs. Mary, of Busby, 183. 

Sir Thomas, letter from, 32. 

Timothy, of Bransby in Stearsby, 
Taylour, John, 128. 
Tealby, Teuelby, John de, 205. 
Tedford, William, son of Alfred de, 204. 

his brother Ralph (Radulfus'J, 

Teignmouth, Tingmouth, French attack 

on, 28. 
Teitholz, 237. 

Teliguy, Teligni, Monsieur de, 217, 221. 
Tellier, Mr. de, 57. 
Tempest, Mr., 25. 

Sir Richard, 13, 20, 77, 99, 112. 

Sir WUliam, 10. 


Tenham, Lord, (1678), 114. 
Tenison, Thomas, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury. See under Canterbury. 

Sir Timothy, 266, 267. 

(Tyrill), Lady, 263. 
Temeuse, 210. 
Terrill, Samuel, 117. 


island of, 215, 217. 

letters dated at, 220. 

the bailiff, burgomasters, and 

sheriffs of, letters from, 220. 
Terwhit, Sir Francis, 247. 
Tesborow : 

Mrs., 159. 

Pere«^*ine, 159. 

Richard, of Flixton, 154, 159. 
Test, the, 27. 
Tetuan, 188. 

letters dated at, 189, 190. 
Teuelby, John de. See Tealby. 
Tewdor, John, evidence of, (Popish 

plot), 113. 
Thanksgiving day, the, 40. 
Thetford, niavor of, 25. 
Thimbleby, 151. 
Thimbleby, alias Ashby, Kichard, 116, 

150, 151. 
Thirsk, quarter sessions of the peace at, 

Thoersby. See Thursby. 

Tholen, letters dated at, 210, 215. 

Thomas : 

Sir Anthony, 244, 245. 

William, son of, 204. 
Thompson, of Newsham : 

Henry, 180. 

John^ 180. 
Thomson : 

Ellena, 270. 

Richard, 257. 

See also under Anglesey. 
Thori, Frater, 204. 

Thorisc, Thoures, Monsieur de. See 

Thornhill, Captain Robert, 277. 

Thornton, Mr., 161. 

Thornton, near Ileam Gate, co. Essex, 

Thorpe, Francis, of Egton, 183. 
Thorpe, Great, near Stamford, 248. 
Throckmorton : 

Sir William, 59, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 

letters from, 49, 50, 51, 53, 

54, 56, 57, 60. 
Lady, 50, 51, 54, 60, 69, 112. 
Thuly, Tuly, Mr. de, 65, 69. 
Thundlebigg, Mr., 137. 

Thurlby, co. Line, 205. 

Thursby, Thoersby, co. Cumb., 172. 

Thwaites, William, of Catterick, 185, 
Thwing, William, of Heworth, 185. 
Tichbum, Sir Henry, 138. 
Tideman, Christopher, of MooltOD, 185. 


Tillotson, Dr. John, Dean of Canterbury, 

letter from, 27. 

Tingmouth. See Teignmouth. 
Tiplady of Hilton: 

Stephen, senior, 184. 

junior, 1 84. 

Titter, Francis, 128. 

— , 20, 153. 

Colonel, 117. 
Tixall, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 125, 
127, 128, 130, 132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 

papers, the, 14, 15, 16, 17. 
Todd, John, of Bainbridge, .179. 
Tolland, Geo., 253. 
Tompson, Sir William, 6. 
Tonson, Mr., 25. 
Torbay, 28, 41, 42. 
Tories, the High, 34. 
Tomer, Mr. See Turner. 
Torrington, Lord, (1692), 248. 
Torrise, Thorise, Thoures, Monsieur de, 

217, 210, 220, 221. 
Tether, John, 139. 
Totness, 28. 

Tottenham High Cross, 272. 
Toulon, 35. 

Fleet, the, 163. 
Touthall, William, of Paiicarth, 121. 
Towers, Mr., 129. 
Towneley, — , of Townley, Lancashire, 

Townley, Christopher. See Madg- 

worth, Christopher. 
Townshend : 

F., letter to, 197. 

T., letter from, 198. 
Towsey, Andrew, of Ugthorpe, 182. 
Tozer, Mr., 27. 
Tracy, R., 49. 

Trade, Commissioners of, 193. 
Transportation, 27, 44. 

Robert, (1160), 204. 

S., letter from, 35. 
Treason, 24, 29, 35. 


Lord, 66, 67, 68, 72, 73, 118, 138, 
242, 250, 275, 276. 

See Clifford. 

the Grand, 73. 
of the Navy, 265. 


the, 265, 270. 

Lords Commissioners of the, 27, 42, 

George, afterwards Sir Greorge, 
successively Recorder of London, 
Attomey-Cjeneral, and Lord Chief 
Justice, letters to, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 
11,12,13,14, 16,17, 18,22. 23, 
24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 80, 31, 32, 
33, 34, 35, S6, S7, S8, 39, 40, 41, 
42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49. 


Treby — cont. 

laAj, letter to, 49. 

H., letter from, 24. 

Henry, letter from, 17. 

James, letters from, 8. 

Mr., 117. 

Philo, letter from, 23. 
Trelawney, letter dated at, 27. 
Tremain, Mr., 8. 
Tremblaye, Madame de la, 74, 76, 80, 

82,83,86, 94,95,98,111. 

Jack, 13. 

Jobn, letter from, 22. 

Mr. Secretary, 33. 

Will., 13. 
Trencher, — , 117. 
Trent, the river, 165. 
Trevanion : 

— , 191. 

Mrs., 191. 
Trevars, Monsieur, 16. 

Lord, (1674), 55. 

Captain, 192. 

Sir John, 154. 

letters from, 16, 76. 

his funeral, 272. 

Secretary, 266. 
Trew, the ford of the, 177, 178. 
Trollope, Thomas, 253, 154. 
Trout, Abraham, 34. 
Truchsess, Gerbhard. See Cologne, 

elector of. 
Trumball, (Sir William), Secretary of 

State, letters from, 37, 44. 
Trye, Mr., bookseller in Holborn, 199. 
Tucker, Joseph, letter from, 199. 
Tudway, Clemt., 253. 
Tully, Dr., 270. 
Tuly, Mr. See Thuly. 
Tunbridge, 43. 

Wells, 30, 33. 

letter dated at, 35. 

Tunks, — , a shoemaker, 127. 
Tunstall : 

Cuthbert, of Nether Silton, 179. 

Mr., letter to, 113. 
Tunstill, Marmaduke, of Thorpe, 181. 
Turenne, (Marshal) de, 54, 57, 60, 61, 

62, 65 (my Lord Marshall). 
Turfd, Francis, 40. 
Turin, letter dated at, 191. 
Turk, alliance against the, (1579), 207. 
Turkey : 

cotton and mohair imported from, 
accounts of, 198. 

fleet. See Ships. 

woollen manufactures exported to, 
account of, 198. 
Turkish slaves, 17. 
Turks, the, 11, 197. 
Turner, Tumor: 

Edmund, 253. 

John, 254. 

of Skewsby, Francis, 184. 

George, 184. 

-^— Nicholas, 184. 

Turner — cont, 

Tomer, Mr., 125, 137, 145, 147. 

Sir William, 24, 277. 
Tdrnhout, 214, 217, 219, 220, 222. 
Tutelert, Jacques, letters from, 215, 239. 
Twickenham, 265, 272. 
Tyne, the river, 195. 
Tynemouth, Tinmouth, Castle, 3. 
Tyrconncl : 

Lord, (1745^, 253. 

and Lady, portraits of, (iu 

1726), 255, 256. 
Tyrell, Sir Peter, 20. 
Tyrill, Lady. See Terill. 

J., 253. 

Philip, 242. 


Umzee, letter dated at, 211. 

Underbill, Mr., 266. 

United Provinces, the. See States 

Unitarian heresy, the, 35. 
Unthank, John, of Ellerby, 183. 
Upton, 257. 

Upton, Mr., merchant, 6. 
Urbini, r? Cardinal), 104. 
Utrecht, 213, 223, 224, 225, 230. 

letters dated at, 209, 223, 224, 225, 

228, 229, 230, 231, 234, 235, 237, 

Burgomaster of. See Deventer. 
the magistrates of, letters from, 228, 

229, 237. 

letters to, 228, 229, 230. 

the States of, letters from, 229, 237. 
letters to, 224, 229. 


Valdey, 257. 
Valenciennes, 88, 91. 
Vanderbek, Sieur de, 230. 
Vane : 

Fra., 253. 

Kit, 20. 
Vantelett, Monsieur de, 81. 

Abbey of, grant to, 205. 

Ailsi and Syward, lay brethren o^ 
Vaughan, — , 117. 

Lord Chief Justice, 265. 
Vavasor, Mr.. 122, 123, 124, 126, 128, 

130, 131, 132, 145. 
Vavasour, Captain, 222. 


Venlris, Ventry, P., letters from, 8, 14. 
Vere, the garrison of, letter to, 281. 
Vematt, — , 155. 
Vernon : 

— , the Duke of Ormond's Beagle, 

(Edward, Admiral), 176. 

James, 189. 

letters from, 27, 40, 4i. 

Justice, 121. 

Mr., 127. 

Thomas, letter from, 193. 
Versailles, 142. 
Verwaertshone, near Medenblick, letter 

dated at, 225. 
Vescy, Isabella, late the wife of John de, 

Viborg, 195. 
Vienna, 197. 

chaplain to the embassy to. See 
King, Archdeacon. 

prophesy concerning Archbishop of, 
Villars, Mr. de, 50. 

Sir Robert, 10. 

his daughter, 10. 

Virginia, 160. 

Visscher, Lieutenant Guilliame de, 

letter from, 215. 
Vivandiers, 239. 
Vivian, Tho., 253. 
Vivone, Mr. de, 85. 
Volunteers, 28. 

Vredalls, Captain, a sergeant of, 220. 
Vuytewrecht, Pierre de, (Pietro di), 

letters from, 210, 215. 
Vyner, Robert, 258. 


W., J., 124. 

Waddell, Mistress Anne, 255. 

Wade : 

— 29 

Marslml (General), 161, 162, 164, 
165, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 
175, 176. 

■ letter from, 161. 

his regiment of horse, 166. 

Mr., (Ii82), 208. 
Wadsworth, Mr., 171. 
Wageningen, 235. 
Wakefield, 166. 
Walbrook, 258. 
Walcheren, 215. 

Walkeren, the disaster of, 212. 
Waldegrave, Sir William, 256. 
Walden, Lord, (1697), 46. 

Waldeyn, Sir William, 256. 
Waldron, Colonel, 38, 
Waler, Mr., 275. 
Wales, 164, 174. 

Prince of. See James, the Old Pre- 
tender. George III. 

Princess of, portrait of, (in 1726), 

Benjamin, 254. 
I Margaret, of Askridge, 180. 

of AidbroQgh, Robert, senior, 180. 

Robert, junior, ISO. 

widow, 121. 
Walkeren. See Walcheren. 
Wall, ^, letter from, 199. 

— , letter to, 199. 
Waller, Sir William, 13, 16, 149, 150, 

151, 152. 

Thomas, 258. 

M.D., 258. 

WaUop, -,25. 

WaUs, J., 254. 

Walpole, John, letters from, 250, 251, 

Walsall, 49. 

Walsin^ham, Sir Francis, the Queen's 
principal secretary, letters to, 208, 235, 
Walsworth, 260. 
Waltham, 260. 
Walton, CO. Lane, 175. 
Walton, Captain, 193. 
War, a council of, 190. 
Warcupp, Edmund, 150, 151, 158. 

James, 254, 

John, of Danby, 182. 

of Bransby in Stearsby, 184. 

Ware, 260. 

Sir John, 128. 

Mr., a Jesuit, 72, 80, 82, 92, 98, 111, 
119, 121, 128, 131. 
Warrant, a, 24. 
Warranto, royal, 159. 
Warrington, 169. 

Warslow, co. Stafford, letter dated at. 

Warsop, CO. Notts, 165. 
Warwick, Earl of, (1562), his players, 258. 
Wasenaer, Admiral, 190. 
Wasingby, 200. 
Watchman, -i-, 168. 
Waterford, letter dated at, 
Watkins, Captain, 188. 
Watson, William, 242 
Watton, 150. 
Wattrells, -, 137. 
Wattson, William, of Yarm, 183. 
Wdetorp, William de, 204. 
Wear, the river, 195. 
WeathereU, Robert, of BeUerby, 180. 
Webster, Henry, of Knagton, 179. 
Weemslow, 169. 
Wddencop, Robert, 206. 
Welbeck, letter dated at, 187. 


Welby, WiUiam, 253. 
Welfitt ; 

Francis, of High Worsall, 179. 

of Crathorne, JohD, 184. 

Ralph, 183. 

Welle, Humphrey de, 204. 

Wells, 22. 

Wellwood, Dr., 33. 

Welsh, Sur Robert, 143, 144, 145. 

Welsh money, 42. 

Wei wood, James, letter from, 191. 

Wenbury, letter dated at, 32. 

Wendover, 18. 

Wentworth, General, 165. 

Westbury, 13. 

West Friesland, 224 : 

an abbot from, 221. 

governor of, 220. 
West Indies, 160. 

Westminster, 5, 13, 20, 44, 141, 145, 251, 

Abbey, King Henry VII.'s Chap«<l, 
272, 276. 

Cannon, Chanel, Row, 245. 

Hall, 22, 199, 250. 

St. James', 139, 276. 

beadle of parish of, 31. 

the manor of, letter dated at, 


Palace, 20. 

- letters dated at, 3, 4, 196, 


Whitehall, 7, 20, 22, 23, 33, 272, 
273, 274, 277. 

letters dated at, 29, 31, 32, 87, 

40, 44, 47, 189, 191, 192, 193, 197. 

Chapel, 268, 270, 271. 

Westmoreland, 171. 

Wetherall, William, of Bellerby, 180. 

Weymondsell, Mr., 200. 

Wharton : 

Lord, (167,9), 158, 266. 

(1709), 250. 

Goodwin, 20. 
Whichcote : 

J., 253. 

Fr., 253. 

T., 253. 
Whisle Bourn, 128. 

Whitaker, John, letters from, 163, 164. 

Whitby, Mr., of Great Hoy wood, 128. 

Whitby Strand Wapentake, co. York, 

White : 

of Egton, Christopher, 183. 

Francis, 183. 

George, 182. 

junior, 182. 

John, 182. 

Ralph, 183. 

Thomas, 182, 183. 

William, senior, 183. 

— junior, 183. 

Fitz, 254. 

Jeremiah, letter from, 40. 

Mr., 117, 130. 

Thomas, of Whenby, 184. 

Whitebread, Mr., Superior of the Jesuits, 

124, 185. 
Whitehall. See under Westminster. 
Whitehaven, 171. 

men, 170. 
Whitelamb, Jno., 253. 
Whitelocke, C, 30. 

Whitfield, Anthony, of Kilvington, 179. 
Whitgreve, Thomas, 16. 
Whitley, R., 82. 
Whittingham, letter dated at, 3. 
Wickham, 266. 

Wigan, 166, 167, 168, 169, 173, 175, 176. 
Wight, Isle of, 33. 
Wilberfoss, J., 253. 
Wilbrouck, 235. 
Wildmore : 

Wildemora, co. Line., common pas- 
ture in, 204. 

fen common, co. Line, 244. 
Wilford. See Godfrey. 
Wilkes, John, (1586), letters signed by, 

Wilkinson of Bransby in Stearsby : 

George, 184. 

Thomas, 184. 
Wilks of Egton : 

George, 182. 

John, 182. 

William, 182. 
Willemstadt, Williamstadt, 161. 

letter dated at, 215. 
William III., King : 

as Prince of Orange. See Orange, 
Prince of. 

as King, 27, 29, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 
40, 44, 45, 47, 159, 249. 

and Mary, 26, 28, 29. 
Williamites, 27. 
Williams : 

John, Bishop of Chichester. See 
Chichester, Bishop of. 

William, Speaker, 24, 25. 
Williamson : 

Henry, letters from, 197. 

— — letter to, 197. 

Sir J., 13. 

Sir Joseph, 277. 

Luke, 253. 
Williamstadt. See Willemstadt. 
Willoughby, 248 : 

(Wylughby), Sir John, (1584), 2Q5. 

his wife. Lady Joan, 205. 

William de. Knight, Lord of 

Eresby, (c. 1400-10), 205. 

his wife, Joan. See York, 

Duchess of. 

John, son of Robert de. Knight, 

(1407), 205. 

Robert de. Lord of Eresby, 

(1410), 205. 

Lord, of Willoughby and JSresby, 

title of Richard Bertie to the 

style of, 207. 
Peregrine Bertie, afterwards Lord 

Wijloughby and Eresby, 223, 226, 

232, 237, 240, 241. 


Willoughby — coiit. 

Peregrine Bertie, afterwards Lord 
WSloughby and Eresbj, letters 
from, 207, 208,210,212, 213, 214, 
216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 
223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 
230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 236, 
237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 

letters to, 208, 209, 210, 211, 

212, 213, 215, 217, 218, 220, 221, 
222, 223, 224, 225, 226,227, 228, 
229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 
237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242. 

his company of horse, 261. 

Thomas, (1597), 243. 

Lord, {temp. Charles II.), 247. 

(1693), 248. 

(1709), 251. 

Willoughby House, letter dated at, 207. 
Wilmot : 

Robert, 163. 

letter from, 163. 

Wilson : 

George, of Bransby, 184. 
Marmaduke, of Thorpe, 181. 
Mr., 250. 

Stephen, of Kgton, 183. 
Thomas, of Kirkby HiU, 181. 

of Ovington, 181. 

Winch, Sir Humphrey, 50. 
Winchester, 33. 

Winchester, Marquess of, (1679), 156. 
Windham, William, of Felbrigg, 159. 
Windsor, 9, 10, 19, 20, 21, 22, 262, 263, 
265, 270. 

letters dated at, 109, 192. 
Wing field. Sir John, Governor of 
Bergen-op-Zoom : 
letter from, 226. 
letter to, 213. 

Winnington, Sir Francis, 12, 46, 117. 

Winwood, — , 20. 

Wirksworth, 164. 

Wiseman, Thomas, of Kirkby Ravens- 
worth, 181. 

Wispington, church of, 205. 

Witches, the, 168. 

Witham, the river, 244. 
Witham : 

of Cliff, John, senior, 181. 

junior, 181. 

William, 181. 

Withers, — , Adjutant-General of army 

in Flanders, 33. 
Wobum, 266. 

Woestwesel, pecretary of, 211. 
Wolfgang, ihe Palsgrave, 206. 
Wolfunckle, Captain, letter from, 240. 
Wolmer, Gregory, 242. 
Wolseley, Sir Charles, 262. 
Wolverhampton, 123, 125, 129, 130. 

Meeting House, the, 49. 
Wood, Robert, of Knagton, 179. 
Woodhouse, Robert, 253. 
Woodman, Humphrey, 34, 

Woodstock, 246, 266. 

letter dated at, 246. 
Woodward, Dr., chancellor of dioccse- 

of Salisbury, 29. 
Woollen manufactures, exports of, 198. 
Worcester, (Worster), 125. 

letter dated at, 18. 
Worcester : 

Marquess of, (1672), 275. 

Marchioness of, the younger,. 
(1671), 263. 
Workhouses, 3. 
Worksop, 163. 

letter dated at, 163. 
Worminghurst, letters dated at, 46, 47. 
Worsopp, John, 244, 245. 
Wouw, castle of, 212, 232. 
Wren, Mr., 265. 

Wrie alias Evers, Francis, a Jesuit^ 
118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 
127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 134, 135» 
136, 137, 138, 145, 146, 147. 
Wright : 

Jervase, 173. 

Mr., 113, 139. 

of Oxford. 44. 

Su: Nathan, 189. 
Wrmgton, letter dated at, 17. 
Wroth, Mr., 10. 
Wy, Sir — , 28. 

Wyatt, Francis, letter from, 37. 
Wyche, Sir Cyril, 87. 
Wylughby. See Willoughby. 
Wymondesly, Lady, (1675), 71. 
Wyndham : 

Edmund (Edward) W., 139, 140. 

Thomas, letter from, 197. 
Wynell, Mr., 24, 25. 
Wynn : 

Mr., Secretary of State, 158. 

Colonel Owen, letter to, 199. 

Sir Owen, inventory of plate 
belonging to, 255. 

Sir Richard, 255. 
Wynne, Thomas, 256. 
Wyspyngton. See Wispington. 


Y., Sir W., 48. 

Yard, R., letter from, 47. 

Yarmouth, 5. 
mayor of, 5. 
Roads, 195. 

York, 162. 

John Sharp, Archbishop of, letter 

from, 44. 
Dean of, 46. 
York : 

Joan, late the wife of William de 

Willoughby, Duchess of, 205. 
James, Duke of. See James II. 


York — cont, 

Mary of Modena, Duchess of, 50, 
72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 79, 81, 82, 
83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 
98, 94, 96, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 
105, 140, 144, 187, 276. 
— .. —^ her grandmother, 102. 
.— ■ her mother. See Modena, 
Duchess of. 

her confessor, 96. 

lady of her bedchamber, 

_ — her secretary, Edward 
Coleman. See Coleman, 

Yorke, Rowland, 210. 
Yorkshire, 4, 12, 162. 

Sir John Cutler's estate in, 248. 
Papists in. See under Papists. 
Ypris, 95. 



the States of, 208, 212, 214, 224, 

letters from, 209, 230, 238. 

secretary to. See Boels. 

regiment, the, 213. 
Zell, Mons. de, 97. 
Zervol, burgomaster of, letter from, 

Zierickzee : 

letters dated at, 215, 238. 

the magistrates of, letter from, 238. 
Zuylen, secretary, 227. 




1870 First Report, with Appendix 
(Re- Coutents : — 

printed England. House of Lords ; Cambridge 

1874.) Colleges; Abingdon, and other Cor- 

porations, &c. 
Scotland. Advocates' Library, Glas- 
gow Corporation, &c. 
Ireland.^ Dublin, Cork, and other Cor- 
porations, Sec. 
J 871 Second Report, with Appendix, and 
Index to the Fit^st and Second Re- 
ports _ _ ^ - _ 
Contents : — 
England. House of Lords; Cam- 
bridge Colleges ; Oxford Colleges ; 
Monastery of Dominican Friars at 
Woodchester, Duke of Bedford, 
Earl Spencer, &c. 
Scotland. Aberdeen and St. An- 
drew's Universities, &c. 
Ireland. Marquis of Ormoode; 
Dr. Lyons, &c. 

1872 Third Report, with Appendix anu 
Index - - - . .- 

Contents : — 

England. House of Lords; Cam- 
bridge Colleges ; Stonyhurst Col- 
lege ; Bridgewater and other Cor- 
porations ; Duke of Northumber-. 
land, Marquis of Lansdowne, Mar- 
quis of Bath, &c. 

Scotland. University of Glasgow; 
Duke of Montrose, &c. 

Ireland. Marquis of Ormonde ; 
Black Book of Limerick, &c. 

1873 Fourth Report, with Appendix. 
Part I. - - - • . 

Contents : — 

England. House of Lords; West- 
minster Abbey ; Cambridge and 
Oxford Colleges $ Cinque Ports, 
Hythe, and other Corporations, 
Marquis of Bath, Earl of Denbigh, 
Scotland. Duke of Argyll, &c. 
Ireland. Trinity College, Dublin; 
Marquis of Ormonde. 
1873 Ditto. Part II. Index - - - 

1876 Fiffh Report, with Appendix. Part I. - 
Contents : — 
England. House of Lords; Oxford 
and Cambridge Colleges ; Dean and 
Chapter of Canterbui^r ; Rye, Lydd, 
and other Corporations, Duke of 
Sutherland, Marquis of Lansdowne, 
Reginald Cholmondeley, Esq., &c. 
Scotland. Earl of Aberdeen, &c. 
Ditto. Part II. Index - - - 


[C. 55] 


[C. 441] 



[C. 673] 

1 6 

8 10 

{.Out of 




6 8 

2 6 



3 6 

E 64159. 



KMtr.AND. Hou*e of I-ords ; Oxfiinl 
nnil CnnibriilK** Collefrcs ; I.anilwtli 
FhIrcp; nluck Book of thv Arch- 
i)*BCOQ of CiHiterburj i DridporU 
AVulliDgford, and otlier Corporalione; 
Lord Leponfleld,SirRe([ina1ii Gnihnin. 
Sir nirry iDgilb)-. &c. 
ScoTLANii. Duke of Ar^-U. Earl nf 

Moray, &<■- 
Ireland. Mnrqnii of Ormonde. 
Drrro. Fart II. 1 nbei - _ . 

Srtkntii Report, with Ai-pfmmx. 
r 1. - 

House of liords ; Co